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Female genital cutting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210334/false-beliefs-predict-increased-circumcision-satisfaction-in-a-sample-of-us-american-men
#1
Brian D Earp, Lauren M Sardi, William A Jellison
Critics of non-therapeutic male and female childhood genital cutting claim that such cutting is harmful. It is therefore puzzling that 'circumcised' women and men do not typically regard themselves as having been harmed by the cutting, notwithstanding the loss of sensitive, prima facie valuable tissue. For female genital cutting (FGC), a commonly proposed solution to this puzzle is that women who had part(s) of their vulvae removed before sexual debut 'do not know what they are missing' and may 'justify' their genitally-altered state by adopting false beliefs about the benefits of FGC, while simultaneously stigmatising unmodified genitalia as unattractive or unclean...
December 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197397/the-heat-goes-away-sexual-disorders-of-married-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-kenya
#2
Tammary Esho, Samuel Kimani, Isaac Nyamongo, Violet Kimani, Samuel Muniu, Christine Kigondu, Patrick Ndavi, Jaldesa Guyo
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) has been implicated in sexual complications among women, although there is paucity of research evidence on sexual experiences among married women who have undergone this cultural practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the sexual experiences among married women in Mauche Ward, Nakuru County. METHODS: Quantitative and qualitative data collection methods were used. Quantitative data were obtained from 318 married women selected through multistage sampling...
December 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#3
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151816/counselling-professionals-awareness-and-understanding-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-training-needs-for-working-therapeutically-with-survivors
#4
Charlie Jackson
Background: There is a dearth of literature that has looked at the psychological impact of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and little is known about the understanding and awareness of FGM/C amongst counselling professionals. Method: An online survey was completed by 2073 BACP members. The survey covered four broad themes: demographics; awareness and understanding of FGM/C; experience of working therapeutically with survivors; and FGM/C training. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken on quantitative data, and thematic content analysis was undertaken on qualitative data...
December 2017: Counselling and Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035241/eustigmaeus-johnstoni-zhang-gerson-acari-stigmaeidae-a-parasitic-mite-species-detected-in-phlebotomus-papatasi-diptera-psychodidae-specimens-collected-from-ayd%C3%A4-n-turkey
#5
Metin Pekağırbaş, Mehmet Karakuş, Suha Kenan Arserim, Salih Doğan, Hasan Eren, Seray Töz, Yusuf Özbel
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report the presence of the parasitic mite Eustigmaeus johnstoni Zhang - Gerson (E. johnstoni) on the sand fly species Phlebotomus papatasi (P. papatasi) collected in Aydın province, Turkey. METHODS: Sand flies were collected from nature by CDC light traps in Nazilli town in Aydın province and were separated according to collection localities. Head and genital areas were cut and mounted for species identification, and midgut contents were checked for the possible presence of Leishmania parasites under a light microscope...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032521/learning-from-ujambo-perspectives-on-gynecologic-care-in-african-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-boston-massachusetts
#6
P K Mehta, K Saia, D Mody, S S Crosby, A Raj, S Maru, L Piwowarczyk
African-born immigrant women, and particularly refugees and asylum seekers, are at risk for reproductive health disparities but inadequately use relevant gynecologic services. We sought to elucidate perspectives on gynecologic care in a population of Congolese and Somali immigrants. We conducted a secondary qualitative analysis of focus group data using a grounded theory approach and the Integrated Behavioral Model as our theoretical framework. Thirty one women participated in six focus groups. Participant beliefs included the states of pregnancy and/or pain as triggers for care, preferences included having female providers and those with familiarity with female genital cutting...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025234/clitoral-surgery-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#7
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Omar Abdulcadir, Martin Caillet, Lucrezia Catania, Béatrice Cuzin, Birgitta Essén, Pierre Foldès, Sara Johnsdotter, Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Nawal Nour, Charlemagne Ouedraogo, Nicole Warren, Sophie Wylomanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950894/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-sharing-data-and-experiences-to-accelerate-eradication-and-improve-care
#8
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sophie Alexander, Elise Dubuc, Christina Pallitto, Patrick Petignat, Lale Say
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941786/preventing-gender-based-violence-victimization-in-adolescent-girls-in-lower-income-countries-systematic-review-of-reviews
#9
REVIEW
Kathryn M Yount, Kathleen H Krause, Stephanie S Miedema
This systematic review of reviews synthesizes evidence on the impact of interventions to prevent violence against adolescent girls and young women 10-24 years (VAWG) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Theories of women's empowerment and the social ecology of multifaceted violence frame the review. Child abuse, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC), child marriage, intimate partner violence (IPV), and sexual violence were focal outcomes. Our review followed the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for the systematic review of reviews, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for a systematic review of recent intervention studies...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905674/angioleiomyoma-of-uterus-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-6-cases
#10
Mayank Gupta, Mayur Suryawanshi, Ramani Kumar, Abraham Peedicayil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Angioleiomyoma is a benign perivascular neoplasm commonly involving subcutaneous tissue of extremities, head, and trunk region. They rarely involve the female genital tract. This study analyses clinicopathological features of 6 cases of uterine angioleiomyoma. METHODS: Routine sections of 6 cases were reviewed and immunohistochemical markers namely muscle-specific actin, h-caldesmon, desmin, CD10, WT-1, HMB-45, and melan-A were done. RESULTS: Of the 6 cases, 4 cases had tumor involving the corpus and 2 cases had tumor in the cervix...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874123/impact-of-multi-professional-scenario-based-training-on-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-quasi-experimental-pre-vs-post-intervention-study
#11
Signe Egenberg, Gileard Masenga, Lars Edvin Bru, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Cecilia Mushi, Deodatus Massay, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a relatively high maternal mortality ratio of 410 per 100,000 live births. Severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal deaths, but in most cases, it is preventable. However, most pregnant women that develop PPH, have no known risk factors. Therefore, preventive measures must be offered to all pregnant women. This study investigated the effects of multi-professional, scenario-based training on the prevention and management of PPH at a Tanzanian zonal consultant hospital...
September 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854947/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-types-i-and-ii-on-sexual-function-case-controlled-study
#12
Sahar A Ismail, Ahmad M Abbas, Dina Habib, Hanan Morsy, Medhat A Saleh, Mustafa Bahloul
BACKGROUND: The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. METHODS: We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for different reasons. We asked each woman to fill the Arabic female sexual function index (FSFI) (a self reported 19-item questionnaire assessing the main domains of female sexual function)...
August 30, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835986/-complex-vulvar-reconstruction-following-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#13
REVIEW
D M O'Dey
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a worldwide problem affecting millions of women and is especially common in Africa and Arabia. Women suffer from serious physical and psychological problems. Anatomic reconstruction, therefore, is an important and life-changing option for many affected women. OBJECTIVES: This work gives a short overview of specialized techniques invented by the author for functional and aesthetic vulvar reconstruction following FGM/C...
October 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812739/frequency-dependent-female-genital-cutting-behaviour-confers-evolutionary-fitness-benefits
#14
Janet A Howard, Mhairi A Gibson
Female genital cutting (FGC) has immediate and long-term negative health consequences that are well-documented, and its elimination is a priority for policymakers. The persistence of this widespread practice also presents a puzzle for evolutionary anthropologists due to its potentially detrimental impact on survival and reproductive fitness. Using multilevel modelling on demographic health survey datasets from five West African countries, here we show that FGC behaviour is frequency-dependent; the probability that girls are cut varies in proportion to the FGC frequency found in their ethnic group...
February 6, 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812733/cultural-evolution-evolution-of-female-genital-cutting
#15
Katherine Wander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801440/baseline-data-from-a-planned-rct-on-attitudes-to-female-genital-cutting-after-migration-when-are-interventions-justified
#16
Anna Wahlberg, Sara Johnsdotter, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Carina Källestål, Birgitta Essén
OBJECTIVES: To present the primary outcomes from a baseline study on attitudes towards female genital cutting (FGC) after migration. DESIGN: Baseline data from a planned cluster randomised, controlled trial. Face-to-face interviews were used to collect questionnaire data in 2015. Based on our hypothesis that established Somalis could be used as facilitators of change among those newly arrived, data were stratified into years of residency in Sweden. SETTING: Sweden...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789667/factors-associated-with-the-support-of-pricking-female-genital-cutting-type-iv-among-somali-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#17
Anna Wahlberg, Sara Johnsdotter, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Carina Källestål, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Pricking, classified as female genital cutting (FGC) type IV by the World Health Organization, is an under-researched area gaining momentum among diaspora communities. Our aim was to explore factors associated with being supportive of pricking among Somalis in Sweden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, attitudes and knowledge regarding FGC, and measures of socioeconomic status, acculturation, and social capital, were assessed by a 49-item questionnaire in four municipalities in Sweden...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780217/female-genital-cutting-mutilation-a-challenge-for-patients-and-clinicians
#18
Sophia Koukoui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755440/the-effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-women-with-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
R C Berg, S Taraldsen, M A Said, I K Sørbye, S Vangen
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) changes normal genital functionality and can cause complications. There is an increasing demand for treatment of FGM/C-related complications. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review of empirical quantitative research on the outcomes of interventions for women with FGM/C-related complications. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search specialist searched 16 electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: Selection was performed independently by two researchers...
July 29, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753544/effect-of-female-genital-cutting-performed-by-health-care-professionals-on-labor-complications-in-egyptian-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Wael F Saleh, Haitham A Torky, Mohamed A Youssef, Wael S Ragab, Mohamed A Sayed Ahmed, Ashraf Eldaly
AIM: To examine the effect of the degree of female genital cutting (FGC) performed by health-care professionals on perineal scarring; delivery mode; duration of second stage of labor; incidence of perineal tears and episiotomy in a cohort of uncircumcised versus circumcised (types I and II) women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 450 primigravida women in active labor attending the Faculty of Medicine Cairo University Hospital between January 2013 and August 2014...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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