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Female genital cutting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187741/virility-pleasure-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-a-qualitative-study-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-medicalized-defibulation-among-somali-and-sudanese-migrants-in-norway
#1
R Elise B Johansen
BACKGROUND: The most pervasive form of female genital mutilation/cutting-infibulation-involves the almost complete closure of the vaginal orifice by cutting and closing the labia to create a skin seal. A small opening remains for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. This physical closure has to be re-opened-defibulated-later in life. When they marry, a partial opening is made to enable sexual intercourse. The husband commonly uses his penis to create this opening. In some settings, a circumciser or traditional midwife opens the infibulated scar with a knife or razor blade...
February 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178983/management-of-painful-clitoral-neuroma-after-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#2
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Jean-Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Traumatic neuromas are the result of regenerative disorganized proliferation of the proximal portion of lesioned nerves. They can exist in any anatomical site and are responsible for neuropathic pain. Post-traumatic neuromas of the clitoris have been described as an uncommon consequence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). FGM/C involves partial or total removal of the female genital organs for non-therapeutic reasons. It can involve cutting of the clitoris and can cause psychological, sexual, and physical complications...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160575/safety-and-efficacy-of-bleomycin-pingyangmycin-containing-chemotherapy-regimens-for-malignant-germ-cell-tumor-patients-in-the-female-genital-system
#3
Qianying Zhao, Dongyan Cao, Mei Yu, Jiaxin Yang, Yongjian Liu, Yang Xiang, Ming Wu, Lingya Pan, Jinghe Lang, Kaifeng Xu, Jiangna Han, Keng Shen
OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively evaluate the safety and effectiveness of bleomycin/pingyangmycin-containing chemotherapy for female patients with malignant germ cell tumors in their genital system; to assess the diagnostic value of pulmonary function tests for bleomycin-induced pulmonary toxicity. METHODS: Data from a cohort of 120 patients, collected across 25 years, was reviewed. Chemotherapy-related adverse events were routinely monitored. Pulmonary toxicity was diagnosed and graded according to serial pulmonary function testing results, and potential impact factors were explored...
February 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079769/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-relapse-and-clitoral-reconstruction-after-female-genital-mutilation
#4
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Francesco Bianchi Demicheli, Alexia Willame, Nathalie Recordon, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Evidence on clitoral reconstruction after female genital mutilation is lacking. CASE: A woman with female genital mutilation experiencing clitoral pain during sex consulted to undergo clitoral reconstruction. The surgery was complicated by a wound infection responsible for severe postoperative pain. Such genital pain made our patient recall the traumatic experience of genital mutilation and experience a relapse of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990743/punishment-of-minor-female-genital-ritual-procedures-is-the-perfect-the-enemy-of-the-good
#5
Allan J Jacobs, Kavita Shah Arora
Female genital alteration (FGA) is any cutting, removal or destruction of any part of the external female genitalia. Various FGA practices are common throughout the world. While most frequent in Africa and Asia, transglobal migration has brought ritual FGA to Western nations. All forms of FGA are generally considered undesirable for medical and ethical reasons when performed on minors. One ritual FGA procedure is the vulvar nick (VN). This is a small laceration to the vulva that does not cause morphological changes...
December 19, 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938869/effect-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-on-sexual-functions
#6
Mohammad-Hossein Biglu, Alireza Farnam, Parvaneh Abotalebi, Sahar Biglu, Mostafa Ghavami
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) or female circumcision is the procedure of eliminating some or all parts of the external female genitalia. FGM/C is carried out by traditional circumcisers. They usually use cutting tools like a blade or straight-razor. Although FGM/C is well described in the African continent and some Arabic countries, data from Iran are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The major objective of this current study was to investigate the effects of FGM/C on the female sexual function of married women compared to the non-circumcised women in the Kurdistan province of Iran...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796158/undoing-female-genital-cutting-perceptions-and-experiences-of-infibulation-defibulation-and-virginity-among-somali-and-sudanese-migrants-in-norway
#7
Ragnhild Elise B Johansen
This paper explores the dynamics of change in meaning-making about female genital cutting among migrants from Somalia and Sudan residing in Norway. In both countries, female genital cutting is almost universal, and most women are subjected to the most extensive form - infibulation - which entails the physical closure of the vulva. This closure must later be re-opened, or defibulated, to enable sexual intercourse and childbirth. Defibulation can also ease other negative health consequences of the practice. In Norway, surgical defibulation is provided on demand by the public health services, also beyond the traditional contexts of marriage and childbirth...
October 31, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734741/female-genital-mutilation-a-urology-focus
#8
Elinor Clarke
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a collective term for the deliberate alteration, removal and cutting of the female genitalia. It has no known health benefits and can have negative physical and psychological consequences. The number of women and girls in the UK that are affected by FGM is unknown. Recent NHS data suggested that FGM has been evident (declared or observed) in women who have accessed health care; however, there are gaps in knowledge and a limited evidence base on the health consequences of FGM...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732586/changing-cultural-attitudes-towards-female-genital-cutting
#9
Sonja Vogt, Nadia Ahmed Mohmmed Zaid, Hilal El Fadil Ahmed, Ernst Fehr, Charles Efferson
As globalization brings people with incompatible attitudes into contact, cultural conflicts inevitably arise. Little is known about how to mitigate conflict and about how the conflicts that occur can shape the cultural evolution of the groups involved. Female genital cutting is a prominent example. Governments and international agencies have promoted the abandonment of cutting for decades, but the practice remains widespread with associated health risks for millions of girls and women. In their efforts to end cutting, international agents have often adopted the view that cutting is locally pervasive and entrenched...
October 27, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732572/social-science-female-genital-cutting-under-the-spotlight
#10
Nicholas A Christakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724920/bibliometric-analysis-of-literature-on-female-genital-mutilation-1930-2015
#11
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a common harmful traditional practice in many communities in Africa and to a lesser extent in Middle East and other regions in the world. In order to better understand publishing on this topic, we conducted a bibliometric study on FGM/C. Bibliometric analyses can be used as an indicator of the extent of interaction of researchers, health authorities, and communities with a particular health issue. METHODS: Scopus database was used to retrieve data on FGM/C...
October 10, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664592/improving-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-systematic-review-of-potential-interventions
#12
REVIEW
Rehana A Salam, Anadil Faqqah, Nida Sajjad, Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das, Miriam Kaufman, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescents have special sexual and reproductive health needs (whether or not they are sexually active or married). This review assesses the impact of interventions to improve adolescent sexual and reproductive health (including the interventions to prevent female genital mutilation/cutting [FGM/C]) and to prevent intimate violence. Our review findings suggest that sexual and reproductive health education, counseling, and contraceptive provision are effective in increasing sexual knowledge, contraceptive use, and decreasing adolescent pregnancy...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596700/female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-an-anatomical-review-and-alternative-rites
#13
REVIEW
Vincenzo Puppo
The World Health Organization reports that more than 200 million women currently alive have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) worldwide, and three million girls continue to be at risk each year. FGM/C today is women's business. The vulva is formed by the labia majora and the vestibule, with its erectile apparatus. These structures are located under the urogenital diaphragm, behind the pubic symphysis in the anterior perineal region. The clitoris is entirely an external genital organ: the glans and body covered by the prepuce are visible/free while the roots are hidden...
January 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563257/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-female-genital-cutting-among-young-adult-females-in-jigjiga-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-mixed-study
#14
Kidanu Gebremariam, Demeke Assefa, Fitsum Weldegebreal
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of female genital cutting (FGC) among young adult (10-24 years of age) females in Jigjiga district, eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional mixed method combining both quantitative and qualitative research methods was employed among 679 randomly selected young adult female students from Jigjiga district, Somali regional state, eastern Ethiopia, from February to March 2014 to assess the prevalence and associated factors with FGC...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499413/attitudes-to-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-male-adolescents-in-ilorin-nigeria
#15
Abiodun S Adeniran, Munirdeen A Ijaiya, Adegboyega A Fawole, Olayinka R Balogun, Kikelomo T Adesina, Abdul Waheed O Olatinwo, Adebunmi O Olarinoye, Peace I Adeniran
BACKGROUND: The central role of males in female reproductive health issues in patriarchal societies makes them an important group in the eradication of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge about and attitudes to FGM/C among male adolescents, and their preparedness to protect their future daughters from it. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey among male adolescent students in Ilorin, Nigeria. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire after consent had been obtained from them or their parents...
August 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477193/moral-hypocrisy-or-intellectual-inconsistency-a-historical-perspective-on-our-habit-of-placing-male-and-female-genital-cutting-in-separate-ethical-boxes
#16
Robert Darby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400166/a-case-of-genital-self-mutilation-in-a-female-symptom-choice-and-meaning
#17
Ema Conde, Telma Santos, Rita Leite, Carla Vicente, António Mesquita Figueiredo
Self-mutilation is understood as any willful gesture or alteration of the body tissue, without a suicidal intent. The commonest self-mutilating gestures are, to a great extent, those that are superficial or moderate, such as cuts, burns or bites. The most severe, as is the case of genital self-mutilation (GSM), are extremely rare and, in most cases, observed in patients suffering from psychosis. Furthermore, they are mostly reported from a surgical standpoint. Here, we report the case of a 20-year-old female patient who resorted to the emergency department (ED) after having amputated her clitoris with a surgical scissor...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350225/health-education-and-clinical-care-of-immigrant-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-who-request-postpartum-reinfibulation
#18
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sophie McLaren, Michel Boulvain, Olivier Irion
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the percentage of women with female genital mutilation/cutting who request postpartum reinfibulation, and to assess outcomes after specific care and counseling. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of consecutive medical files of immigrant women with FGM/C who attended a center in Geneva, Switzerland, between April 1, 2010, and January 8, 2014. The number of postpartum reinfibulation requests and outcomes were assessed. If a patient requests postpartum reinfibulation despite receiving detailed information and counseling, a longer follow-up is arranged for further counseling...
October 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333917/female-genital-mutilation-management-in-the-ambulatory-clinic-setting-a-case-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Spencer Craven, Alex Kavanagh, Rose Khavari
A 31-year-old patient with obstructive voiding symptoms and apareunia in the setting of Type III female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is presented. The patient underwent ambulatory clinic defibulation to relieve her symptoms. FGM has been shown to have serious immediate complications and many chronic complications that greatly impact patients' lives. Several case series have been published describing center-specific experience with defibulation procedures for Type III FGM/C. Here, we present the treatment of a patient with Type III FGM/C in an ambulatory urology clinic in the United States...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323318/first-trimester-determination-of-fetal-gender-by-ultrasound-measurement-of-the-ano-genital-distance
#20
A Arfi, J Cohen, G Canlorbe, S Bendifallah, I Thomassin-Naggara, E Darai, A Benachi, J S Arfi
INTRODUCTION: Early ultrasound fetal sex determination is of obvious interest, particularly in the context of X-linked diseases. In the human, the anogenital distance, i.e., the distance between the caudal end and the base of the genital tubercule is sexually dimorphic. This difference is apparent from 11 weeks of gestation. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of anogenital distance measurement during the first trimester ultrasound in the early determination of fetal gender...
August 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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