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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329863/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults
#1
Christine Juang, Bob G Knight, Mike Carlson, Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Cheryl Vigen, Florence Clark
Purpose of the Study: This study investigated the mechanisms of change underlying an activity-based lifestyle intervention, an occupational therapy program aimed at promoting healthy habits, and routines in older adults. We examined two activity-relevant factors as potential mediators linking the intervention to reduced symptoms of depression: activity frequency and global perceptions of activity significance. Social connections and perceived control were assessed to understand how activity-related factors relate to reduced symptoms of depression...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329825/socioeconomic-status-and-physical-functioning-a-longitudinal-study-of-older-chinese-people
#2
Lei Yang, Hanna Konttinen, Pekka Martikainen, Karri Silventoinen
Objectives: We aimed to assess the longitudinal associations of socioeconomic status and physical functioning using a large population-based survey data in China. Method: We used four waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2002-2011). Physical functioning was assessed by activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) measures. Socioeconomic status was assessed using educational attainment, occupational status, household income, financial resources, and access to health services...
February 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328937/efficient-occupancy-model-fitting-for-extensive-citizen-science-data
#3
Emily B Dennis, Byron J T Morgan, Stephen N Freeman, Martin S Ridout, Tom M Brereton, Richard Fox, Gary D Powney, David B Roy
Appropriate large-scale citizen-science data present important new opportunities for biodiversity modelling, due in part to the wide spatial coverage of information. Recently proposed occupancy modelling approaches naturally incorporate random effects in order to account for annual variation in the composition of sites surveyed. In turn this leads to Bayesian analysis and model fitting, which are typically extremely time consuming. Motivated by presence-only records of occurrence from the UK Butterflies for the New Millennium data base, we present an alternative approach, in which site variation is described in a standard way through logistic regression on relevant environmental covariates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328819/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-contact-dermatitis-among-clothing-manufacturing-employees-in-beijing-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yu-Xin Chen, Hai-Yan Cheng, Lin-Feng Li
Little is known about the epidemiology of contact dermatitis (CD) in the Chinese clothing industry. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and some risk factors of contact dermatitis among clothing manufacturing employees in Beijing.This cross-sectional study was conducted by interview using self-administered questionnaires and skin examination between May and August in 2016. Five-hundred twenty-nine employees who had worked at sewing, ironing, and as managers at 12 clothing manufacturing factories were studied...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328293/history-of-knowledge-and-evolution-of-occupational-health-and-regulatory-aspects-of-asbestos-exposure-science-1900-1975
#5
Christy A Barlow, Jennifer Sahmel, Dennis J Paustenbach, John L Henshaw
The understanding by industrial hygienists of the hazards of asbestos and appropriate ways to characterize and control exposure has evolved over the years. Here, a detailed analysis of the evolution of industrial hygiene practices regarding asbestos and its health risks, from the early 1900s until the advent of the national occupational health and safety regulatory structure currently in place in the US (early-to-mid 1970s) is presented. While industrial hygienists recognized in the early 1900s that chronic and high-level exposures to airborne concentrations of asbestos could pose a serious health hazard, it was not until the mid-1950s that the carcinogenic nature of asbestos began to be characterized and widespread concern followed...
March 22, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328245/-performance-indicators-of-maxillofacial-surgery-inpatient-departments
#6
Gyula Marada, Ákos Nagy, Andor Sebestyén, Antal Zemplényi, Márta Radnai, Imre Boncz
INTRODUCTION: In Hungary, the number and structure of the maxillofacial surgery departments underwent significant changes in recent decades. AIM: The aim of our study was to present the actual performance indicators of maxillofacial inpatient departments and based on the available data to compare the departments. METHOD: The study was based on the number of beds founded by the National Health Insurance Fund. Performance data were supplied by the National Health Insurance Fund Administration...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327796/keeping-track-of-hidden-dangers-the-short-history-of-the-sabi%C3%A3-virus
#7
Joel Henrique Ellwanger, José Artur Bogo Chies
Emerging infectious diseases are a global threat. In countries like Brazil, where biodiversity is high and public health conditions in terms of infrastructure and medical care are often precarious, emerging diseases are particularly worrisome. The lack of monitoring strategies to identify pathogens with the potential to cause outbreaks or epidemics is another problem in Brazil and other developing countries. In this article, we present the history of the Sabiá virus (SABV), a pathogen that was described in the 1990s in Brazil...
January 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327589/non-occupational-physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-and-interventional-studies
#8
Ju Wen, Pengcheng Xun, Cheng Chen, Minghui Quan, Ru Wang, Yu Liu, Ka He
A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between non-occupational physical activity (PA) during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (PTB). By searching PubMed and EMBASE from inception to August 20, 2016, 25 observational studies (18 cohorts and 7 case-controls) and 12 interventional studies were identified. Comparing the highest to the lowest category of leisure-time PA during pregnancy, the pooled relative risk (RR) of PTB was 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74-0.93] for cohort studies and 0...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327542/occupational-respiratory-diseases-of-miners-from-two-gold-mines-in-ghana
#9
Esther Ayaaba, Yan Li, Jiali Yuan, Chunhui Ni
n/a.
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#10
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327081/pilot-study-of-patron-sound-level-exposure-in-loud-restaurants-bars-and-clubs-in-new-york-city
#11
Ariel Spira-Cohen, Anna Caffarelli, Lawrence Fung
Visiting restaurants, bars, clubs and lounges is a regular part of urban cultural life for residents and tourists alike; however, anecdotal reports and diner surveys suggest that sound levels are excessive and diners dislike them. High sound levels in these venues can contribute to both patron and employee overexposure, and young people may be particularly at risk. To supplement the paucity of literature and data on noise in urban venues, patron noise exposure was measured inside a sample of loud New York City (NYC) restaurants, bars, clubs and lounges...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327049/study-finds-risk-of-suicide-higher-for-female-nurses
#12
Matthew Mckew
Female nurses have a higher risk of suicide compared with some other occupations, according to a new analysis.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326998/effects-of-organizational-safety-practices-and-perceived-safety-climate-on-ppe-usage-engineering-controls-and-adverse-events-involving-liquid-antineoplastic-drugs-among-nurses
#13
David M DeJoy, Todd D Smith, Henok Woldu, Mari-Amanda Dyal, Andrea L Steege, James M Boiano
PURPOSE: Antineoplastic drugs pose risks to the healthcare workers who handle them. This fact notwithstanding, adherence to safe handing guidelines remains inconsistent and often poor. This study examined the effects of pertinent organizational safety practices and perceived safety climate on the use of personal protective equipment, engineering controls, and adverse events (spill/leak or skin contact) involving liquid antineoplastic drugs Method: Data for this study came from the 2011 National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers which included a sample of approximately 1,800 nurses who had administered liquid antineoplastic drugs during the past seven days...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326985/book-review-driving-simulation-for-assessment-intervention-and-training-a-guide-for-occupational-therapy-and-health-care-professionals-by-classen-s-ed-classen-s-ed-2017-driving-simulation-for-assessment-intervention-and-training-a-guide-for-occupational-therapy
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326180/are-physicians-in-primary-health-care-able-to-recognize-pulmonary-fibrosis
#15
Minna Purokivi, Ulla Hodgson, Marjukka Myllärniemi, Eija-Riitta Salomaa, Riitta Kaarteenaho
Background: The early diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has become increasingly important due to evolving treatment options. IPF patients experience a significant delay in receiving an accurate diagnosis, thus delayed access to tertiary care is associated with higher mortality independently from disease severity. Objective: The aims were to evaluate whether there had been a delay in the referral process, and to determine whether the referring doctors had suspected IPF or other interstitial lung disease (ILD) already during the time of referral...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326173/a-systematic-review-of-occupational-exposure-to-coal-dust-and-the-risk-of-interstitial-lung-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Christiane Beer, Henrik A Kolstad, Klaus Søndergaard, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Dick Heederik, Karen E Olsen, Øyvind Omland, Edward Petsonk, Torben Sigsgaard, David L Sherson, Vivi Schlünssen
Objective: Exposure to coal dust can cause interstitial lung disease (ILD), but whether this is due to pure coal or to the contents of quartz in coal is less clear. Here, we systematically reviewed the relation between 'pure coal' and ILD. Methods: In a systematic review based on PRISMA criteria 2945 articles were identified. Strict eligibility criteria, which evaluated the 'pure coal effect', led to the inclusion of only nine studies. Results: Among these nine studies six studies indicated an independent effect of the non-quartz part of coal on the development and progression of ILD, two did not demonstrate an effect and one was inconclusive...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326111/the-korean-version-of-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-reliability-and-validity
#17
Eun-Chan Kang, Sung-Jin Kim, Young-Soo Seo, Sung-Soo Jung, Beom-Joo Seo, Jeoung-Whan Ryu, Joo-Cheol Shim, Jung-Joon Moon, Dong-Wook Jeon, Kyoung-Duck Park, Do-Un Jung
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to develop and standardize a Korean version (SCoRS-K) of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS), which is used to evaluate the degree of cognitive dysfunction affecting the everyday functioning of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Eighty-four schizophrenia patients with stable symptoms who were receiving outpatient treatment and rehabilitation therapy, and 29 demographically matched non-patient controls, participated in the study...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326108/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-of-north-korean-refugees-service-providers
#18
Yeunhee Joyce Kim
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the burnout and secondary traumatic stress of service providers for North Korean (NK) refugees based on the conceptual framework of theJob Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of workplace burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey was conducted with a national sample consisting of all 63 organizations in direct services to North Korean refugees. Of the estimated total number of 230 service providers comprising of social workers, psychotherapists, job counselors and paraprofessional counselors, 179 completed the survey, a 77...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325892/dynamic-equilibrium-on-dna-defines-transcriptional-regulation-of-a-multidrug-binding-transcriptional-repressor-lmrr
#19
Koh Takeuchi, Misaki Imai, Ichio Shimada
LmrR is a multidrug binding transcriptional repressor that controls the expression of a major multidrug transporter, LmrCD, in Lactococcus lactis. Promiscuous compound ligations reduce the affinity of LmrR for the lmrCD operator by several fold to release the transcriptional repression; however, the affinity reduction is orders of magnitude smaller than that of typical transcriptional repressors. Here, we found that the transcriptional regulation of LmrR is achieved through an equilibrium between the operator-bound and non-specific DNA-adsorption states in vivo...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325722/misdiagnosing-whipple-s-disease-in-the-young
#20
Danai Papakonstantinou, Michael J Riste, Gerald Langman, Ed Moran
Whipple's disease is considered an infection of middle-aged white men of European ancestry. Cases are rare and disproportionately associated with occupational exposure to soil or animals. We report the case of a man aged 22 years with no risk factors, erroneously diagnosed with, and treated for, toxoplasmosis on the basis of consistent lymph node histology. The correct diagnosis was delayed by the dramatic symptomatic improvement resulting from this therapy. Whipple's disease should be considered in cases of granulomatous lymphadenopathy of unknown cause, even if the age of the patient does not fit the classic presentation of the disease...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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