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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735453/comparing-oral-health-services-use-in-the-spanish-and-immigrant-working-population
#1
Natalia Muñoz-Pino, Carmen Vives-Cases, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Elena Ronda-Pérez
We aim to analyze oral health services use and related factors in the immigrant working population compared to the Spanish counterparts. Cross-sectional study of working population (n = 8591) that responded Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), 2011-2012. The association between oral health services use and migration status was estimated using logistic regression. Immigrant men presented a greater probability of oral health service use a year or more prior (aOR 1.63; 95% CI 1.26-2.02), independently of oral health, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734936/rehabilitation-interventions-for-upper-limb-function-in-the-first-four-weeks-following-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Kimberley A Wattchow, Michelle N McDonnell, Susan L Hillier
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic interventions reported in the research literature, and synthesize their effectiveness in improving upper limb (UL) function in the first four weeks post-stroke. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases, trial registries and hand searching was conducted, from inception until June 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials and interventional studies with pre/post-test design were included for adults within four weeks of any type of stroke with UL impairment...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734852/azodicarbonamide-adca-a-reconsideration-of-classification-as-a-respiratory-sensitiser
#3
Josje Arts, Ian Kimber
Azodicarbonamide (ADCA) is widely used by industry in the manufacture of a variety of products. ADCA has been classified as a respiratory allergen, and the purpose of this article was to consider whether this classification is appropriate based upon the available data. Here both clinical experience and relevant experimental data have been reviewed. Although there have been reports of an association between workplace exposure to ADCA and symptoms of respiratory allergy and occupational asthma, the evidence is less than persuasive, with in many instances a lack of properly controlled and executed diagnostic procedures...
July 19, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734718/shoulder-activity-level-and-progression-of-degenerative-cuff-disease
#4
Jay D Keener, Nathan W Skelley, Georgia Stobbs-Cucchi, Karen Steger-May, Aaron M Chamberlain, Alex W Aleem, Robert H Brophy
BACKGROUND: This study prospectively examined the relationship of direct and indirect measures of shoulder activity with the risks of tear progression and pain development in subjects with an asymptomatic degenerative rotator cuff tear. METHODS: A cohort of asymptomatic degenerative rotator cuff tears was prospectively monitored annually, documenting tear size progression with ultrasound imaging and potential shoulder pain development. Shoulder activity level, self-reported occupational and physical demand level, and hand dominance were compared with risks of tear enlargement and future pain development...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734714/arthroscopic-treatment-of-posterior-shoulder-instability-in-patients-with-and-without-glenoid-dysplasia-a-comparative-outcomes-analysis
#5
Joseph W Galvin, Douglas R Morte, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada, Samuel H Burns, Josef K Eichinger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of glenoid dysplasia on outcomes after isolated arthroscopic posterior labral repair in a young military population. METHODS: Thirty-seven male patients who underwent arthroscopic posterior labral repair for symptomatic posterior shoulder instability were evaluated at a mean duration of 3.1 years. A comparative analysis was performed for those with glenoid dysplasia and without dysplasia. Additional factors analyzed included military occupational specialty (MOS), preoperative mental health clinical encounters and mental health medication use, and radiographic characteristics (version, posterior humeral head subluxation, and posterior capsular area) on a preoperative standard shoulder magnetic resonance arthrogram...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734270/a-case-study-of-an-unknown-mass-grave-hostages-killed-70-years-ago-by-a-nazi-firing-squad-identified-thanks-to-genetics
#6
Andrzej Ossowski, Marta Diepenbroek, Marcin Zwolski, Adam Falis, Maria Wróbel, Milena Bykowska-Witowska, Grażyna Zielińska, Maria Szargut, Tomasz Kupiec
Almost 6 million people died in Poland during the Nazi occupation and about 570 thousand during the Soviet occupation. But the end of the war was not the end of the trauma. Historians estimate that at least 30 thousand people were killed during the Stalinist regime in Poland. In 2012 the Institute of National Remembrance started to search for hidden burials of victims of communism. Many exhumations were carried out under the project. One of them took place in Białystok, eastern Poland. According to information gathered by local historians, a detention centre in the heart of city was the place of secret burials of victims of the communist regime...
July 8, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734092/disentangling-the-role-of-seed-bank-and-dispersal-in-plant-metapopulation-dynamics-using-patch-occupancy-surveys
#7
F Manna, R Pradel, R Choquet, H Fréville, P-O Cheptou
In plants, the presence of a seed bank challenges the application of classical metapopulation models to above-ground presence surveys; ignoring seed bank leads to overestimated extinction and colonization rates. In this article, we explore the possibility to detect seed bank using hidden Markov models in the analysis of above-ground patch occupancy surveys of an annual plant with limited dispersal. Patch occupancy data were generated by simulation under two metapopulation sizes (N = 200 and N = 1000 patches) and different metapopulation scenarios, each scenario being a combination of the presence/absence of a one-year seed bank and the presence/absence of limited dispersal in a circular 1-dimension configuration of patches...
July 22, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733964/the-global-burden-of-occupational-disease
#8
REVIEW
Lesley Rushton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Burden of occupational disease estimation contributes to understanding of both magnitude and relative importance of different occupational hazards and provides essential information for targeting risk reduction. This review summarises recent key findings and discusses their impact on occupational regulation and practice. RECENT FINDINGS: New methods have been developed to estimate burden of occupational disease that take account of the latency of many chronic diseases and allow for exposure trends and workforce turnover...
July 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733908/assessment-of-cultivable-oral-bacterial-flora-from-important-venomous-snakes-of-india-and-their-antibiotic-susceptibilities
#9
Innus K Shaikh, Prashant P Dixit, Balasaheb S Pawade, Mugdha Potnis-Lele, Babasaheb P Kurhe
Snakebite is a common, frequently devastating, occupational, socio-economic hazard, and it has a great impact on the rural population of India. Snakebite is a major cause of the human morbidity and mortality since ancient times, as it not only affects the victim by systemic envenomation but also by wound infections originating from deadly pathogenic microorganisms from the oral cavity of the offending snake. The pathogens from the oral cavity of the snake tend to initiate an infection, resulting in gas gangrene, soft tissue necrosis, and permanent physical disabilities...
July 21, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733759/management-of-gait-changes-and-fall-risk-in-mci-and-dementia
#10
REVIEW
Gilles Allali, Joe Verghese
Gait disorders and falls are very prevalent in aging, especially in older adults with cognitive impairment: older adults with dementia are 2-3 times more likely to fall than their non-demented counterparts. The management of gait disorders and falls in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia begins by their identification with the use of specific screening tools, such as measuring gait speed, use of dual-task gait tests, or diagnosing motoric cognitive risk syndrome, a newly described pre-dementia syndrome...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733714/a-developmental-perspective-in-mental-health-services-use-among-adults-with-mental-disorders
#11
Christophe Huỳnh, Jean Caron, Marilou Pelletier, Aihua Liu, Marie-Josée Fleury
This study examined factors associated with mental health services (MHS) use by individuals with mental disorders within a developmental perspective of adulthood. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted separately for each developmental stage on independent variables using the Andersen's behavioral health service model. For 18-29-year-old emerging adults (n = 141), autonomy, daily life/relations, Internet searching, alcohol dependence, cognitive impulsiveness, number of stressful events, and self-harm were associated with MHS use...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733612/photoluminescence-associated-with-the-site-occupations-of-ho-3-ions-in-batio3
#12
Da-Yong Lu, Dong-Xue Guan
A nominal (Ba1-x Ho x )Ti1-x/4O3 (x = 0.01) (BHTH) ceramic with a single-phase tetragonal structure was prepared at 1400 °C using the solid-state reaction method. The analysis on the defect chemistry revealed that the real formula of BHTH is (Ba1-x Ho3x/4)(Ti1-x/4Ho x/4)O3 with Ba vacancies via electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Photoluminescence (PL) was investigated on the basis of excitation with different wavelength lasers. The results indicated that under 488-nm excitation, PL and Raman scattering can occur simultaneously as two distinct optical processes for BHTH ceramic powders, and the strongest PL band at 564 nm was discovered and verified to originate from the (5)G6/(5)F1 → (5)I7 transition of Ho(3+) ions on the Ti sites in the BaTiO3 lattice...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732380/characteristics-survival-and-risk-factors-of-chinese-young-lung-cancer-patients-the-experience-from-two-institutions
#13
Jianjie Li, Fan Yang, Xiao Li, Min Zhang, Ruozi Fu, Xiaodan Yin, Jun Wang
Limited data is available regarding lung cancer in Chinese young adults. This study was aimed to determine the characteristics, survival, and prognostic factors of young lung cancer patients in China. We reviewed demographic and clinical data, and survival information of 420 young patients (20-45 years old) diagnosed with lung cancer in two Chinese hospitals between 2000 and 2013. The results showed that lung cancer occurred more frequently (70%) and affected more males than females (43.8% vs 26.7%) in patients older than 36; whereas, more females were affected under age 35 (16...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732265/chronic-work-stress-and-decreased-vagal-tone-impairs-decision-making-and-reaction-time-in-jockeys
#14
Kathleen Landolt, Paul Maruff, Ben Horan, Michael Kingsley, Glynda Kinsella, Paul D O'Halloran, Matthew W Hale, Bradley J Wright
The inverse relationship between acute stress and decision-making is well documented, but few studies have investigated the impact of chronic stress. Jockeys work exhaustive schedules and have extremely dangerous occupations, with safe performance requiring quick reaction time and accurate decision-making. We used the effort reward imbalance (ERI) occupational stress model to assess the relationship of work stress with indices of stress physiology and decision-making and reaction time. Jockeys (N=32) completed computerised cognitive tasks (Cogstate) on two occasions; September and November (naturally occurring lower and higher stress periods), either side of an acute stress test...
July 14, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#15
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732065/direct-targets-of-pstat5-signalling-in-erythropoiesis
#16
Kevin R Gillinder, Hugh Tuckey, Charles C Bell, Graham W Magor, Stephen Huang, Melissa D Ilsley, Andrew C Perkins
Erythropoietin (EPO) acts through the dimeric erythropoietin receptor to stimulate proliferation, survival, differentiation and enucleation of erythroid progenitor cells. We undertook two complimentary approaches to find EPO-dependent pSTAT5 target genes in murine erythroid cells: RNA-seq of newly transcribed (4sU-labelled) RNA, and ChIP-seq for pSTAT5 30 minutes after EPO stimulation. We found 302 pSTAT5-occupied sites: ~15% of these reside in promoters while the rest reside within intronic enhancers or intergenic regions, some >100kb from the nearest TSS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732033/spatial-and-simultaneous-representative-seroprevalence-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-owners-and-their-domiciled-dogs-in-a-major-city-of-southern-brazil
#17
Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Felippe Danyel Cardoso Martins, Marcelle Mareze, Nelson Jessé Rodrigues Santos, Fernanda Pinto Ferreira, Camila Marinelli Martins, João Luis Garcia, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Roberta Lemos Freire, Alexander Welker Biondo, Italmar Teodorico Navarro
Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, has traditionally been considered an important water and foodborne protozoonosis with important public health considerations. Although felids play a well-established role as definitive hosts, canine epidemiological involvement in the parasite's life cycle remains questionable and controversial. The increasing closeness of the human-dog bond, particularly seen in urban settings, has been recognized as a historically unprecedented worldwide movement. Sharing daily lives in the same households, dogs may be exposed to similar associated risks of T...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731995/-update-on-chronic-pancreatitis-review-article
#18
Frank Czul, Emmanuel Coronel, Jean A Donet
Chronic pancreatitis is a progressive fibro-inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by irreversible fibrosis of the gland with eventual failure of exocrine and endocrine functions and hallmark features of abdominal pain, malabsorption, malnutrition, diabetes mellitus and pancreatic calcifications. In many patients this disease results from a complex mix of environmental (eg, alcohol, cigarettes, and occupational chemicals), genetic factors and a few patients with hereditary or autoimmune disease...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731870/the-association-of-cognitive-reserve-in-chronic-phase-functional-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Jacob B Leary, Grace Y Kim, Catherine L Bradley, Uzma Z Hussain, Maryanne Sacco, Martha Bernad, John Collins, John Dsurney, Leighton Chan
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association of cognitive reserve (CR) factors (estimated premorbid intelligence quotient [IQ], years of education, and occupational attainment) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity with functional and neuropsychological outcomes 1 to 5 years following TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with mild (N = 58), moderate (N = 25), or severe (N = 17) TBI. MAIN MEASURES: Cognitive reserve factors (estimated premorbid IQ, years of education, and occupational attainment); neuropsychological test battery; Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended; Short Form-36 Health Survey...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731799/multispecies-coexistence-without-diffuse-competition-or-why-phylogenetic-signal-and-trait-clustering-weaken-coexistence
#20
Simon Maccracken Stump
Related and phenotypically similar species often compete more strongly than unrelated and dissimilar species. Much is unknown about the community-level implications of such complex interactions. Here, we study how they affect community dynamics differently from diffuse interactions (competing equally with all heterospecifics). We derive results for a model that applies to many forms of density dependence and also examine specific cases using a site-occupancy model of forest dynamics. The results indicate that nondiffuse competition produces three effects that will not occur under diffuse competition: first, the central niche effect-if a species has high niche overlap with several competitors, then its average fitness is reduced; second, the common competitor effect-if a species has high niche overlap with more common species, then its average fitness is reduced (these two effects are usually equalizing, because more favorable niches are likely to contain more species and more abundant species); and, finally, the community redistribution effect-when a species falls to low density, the relative abundance of its competitors will change, altering its ability to recover...
August 2017: American Naturalist
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