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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938261/occupational-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-chronic-fibrosing-idiopathic-interstitial-pneumonia-in-south-korea
#1
Se Yeong Kim, Dong Mug Kang, Hyun Kyung Lee, Kun Hyung Kim, Junghye Choi
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association of occupational and environmental agents with chronic fibrosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) in South Korea. METHODS: We recruited 92 patients with chronic fibrosing IIP and 92 matched controls who had normal chest radiograph findings by age and gender. We used a structured exposure questionnaire to evaluate potential occupational and environmental risk factors for chronic fibrosing IIP, with adjustments for age, smoking, and clinical risk factors...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938225/occupant-level-injury-severity-analyses-for-taxis-in-hong-kong-a-bayesian-space-time-logistic-model
#2
Fanyu Meng, Pengpeng Xu, S C Wong, Helai Huang, Y C Li
This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the crash-related severity level of injuries in taxis and quantify the associations between these factors and taxi occupant injury severity. Casualties resulting from taxi crashes from 2004 to 2013 in Hong Kong were divided into four categories: taxi drivers, taxi passengers, private car drivers and private car passengers. To avoid any biased interpretation caused by unobserved spatial and temporal effects, a Bayesian hierarchical logistic modeling approach with conditional autoregressive priors was applied, and four different model forms were tested...
September 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938106/assessment-of-a-specifically-developed-bullet-casing-gun-for-the-stunning-of-water-buffaloes
#3
Carmen Meichtry, Urs Glauser, Matthieu Glardon, Steffen G Ross, Isabel Lechner, Beat P Kneubuehl, Dominic Gascho, Claudia Spadavecchia, Alois von Rotz, Ana Stojiljkovic, Michael H Stoffel
Water buffaloes and cattle differ considerably with respect to the anatomy of the head. As a result, captive bolt stunners often fail to reliably produce adequate loss of consciousness in water buffaloes and, thus, do not fulfill animal welfare requirements. The goal of the present study was to assess and validate a new stunning device for water buffaloes meeting animal welfare and occupational safety requirements. The newly designed bullet casing gun uses .357Mag/10.2g hollow point bullets and has additional safety features...
September 14, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937961/regulation-of-chromatin-assembly-and-cell-transformation-by-formaldehyde-exposure-in-human-cells
#4
Danqi Chen, Lei Fang, Shenglin Mei, Hongjie Li, Xia Xu, Thomas L Des Marais, Kun Lu, X Shirley Liu, Chunyuan Jin
BACKGROUND: Formaldehyde (FA) is an environmental and occupational chemical carcinogen. Recent studies have shown that exogenous FA causes only a modest increase in DNA adduct formation compared with the amount of adducts formed by endogenous FA, raising the possibility that epigenetic mechanisms may contribute to FA-mediated carcinogenicity. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of FA exposure on histone modifications and chromatin assembly. We also examined the role of defective chromatin assembly in FA-mediated transcription and cell transformation...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937846/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-in-floor-and-road-dust-from-a-manual-e-waste-dismantling-facility-and-adjacent-communities-in-thailand
#5
Dudsadee Muenhor, Hyo-Bang Moon, Sunggyu Lee, Emma Goosey
This study characterizes concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in floor and road dust from a manual e-waste dismantling facility and adjacent communities in Thailand. Levels of Σ22 PBDEs in floor dust from the facility varied between 1,200 and 43,000 ng g(-1), whereas those from adjacent communities were in the range 6.6-2,200 ng g(-1). Concentrations of Σ22 PBDEs (43,000 ng g(-1)) were highest in floor dust collected from the facility. Levels of Σ22 PBDEs and all congeners studied, except for BDE-66, BDE-71, BDE-85, BDE-119, BDE-138, BDE-190 and BDE-191 in facility dust were significantly greater than those in residential dust (P = <0...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937803/hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-a-military-population
#6
Darren D Thomas, Andrew S Bernhardson, Ethan Bernstein, Christopher B Dewing
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to hip pain and early joint degeneration. There have been few reports to date on the outcomes of hip arthroscopy for the treatment of FAI in the military population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare patient demographics with postoperative outcomes after hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI and to identify preoperative risk factors for poor outcomes. The hypothesis was that certain preoperative patient characteristics will be predictive of poorer outcomes and that lower outcomes scores will be associated with a higher likelihood of medical separation from the military...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937790/the-doctor-of-philosophy-experience-of-athletic-trainers-facilitators-and-barriers-to-anticipatory-faculty-socialization
#7
Thomas Bowman, Joanne Klossner, Stephanie Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   It is important to understand the process whereby athletic trainers learn about their future roles, particularly when the roles can be complex and demanding. Little is known about the experiences of athletic training doctoral students, including facilitators and barriers to socialization as aspiring faculty members. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate factors influencing the anticipatory socialization of athletic training doctoral students into future faculty roles...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937443/reducing-disability-durations-and-medical-costs-for-patients-with-a-carpal-tunnel-release-surgery-through-the-use-of-opioid-prescribing-guidelines
#8
Fraser W Gaspar, Roman Kownacki, Catherine S Zaidel, Craig F Conlon, Kurt T Hegmann
OBJECTIVE: The impacts of compliance with opioid prescribing guidelines on disability durations and medical costs for carpal tunnel release (CTR) were examined. METHODS: Using a dataset of insured US employees, opioid prescriptions for 7840 short-term disability cases with a CTR procedure were identified. Opioids prescriptions were compared with the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)'s opioid prescribing guidelines for postoperative, acute pain, which recommends no more than a 5-day supply, a maximum morphine equivalent dose of 50 mg/day, and only short-acting opioids...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937317/what-is-important-to-patients-in-palliative-care-a-scoping-review-of-the-patient-s-perspective
#9
Helen von Post, Petra Wagman
BACKGROUND: The research conducted in palliative care is often medically oriented. There are few studies clarifying the patient's preferences, priorities and desires in palliative care. The occupational therapy research conducted mostly concerns occupational therapy interventions based on the profession's experiences. Further knowledge is needed regarding what patients in palliative care want to prioritize. AIM: The aim was to describe what patients in palliative care describe as important at the end of life...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937063/a-mini-epidemic-of-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-disease-clinical-and-epidemiological-study
#10
Umesh Lingaraj, Shivaprasad Sasivehalli Mallappa, Rajiv Elkal Neminah, Satishkumar Madakala Mohan, Leelavathi Venkatesh, Sreedhara Chikkanayakanahalli Gurusiddaiah, Niranjan Manibally Rachaiah
Acute glomerulonephritis due to anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody disease is rare, estimated to occur in fewer than one case per million population and accounts for less than 20% of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. The prevalence among patients evaluated for potential glomerular disease is lower. It accounts for fewer than 3% of all kidney biopsies done with crescentic glomerulonephritis. Cases of anti-GBM disease occurring in a cluster have rarely been reported. All biopsy proven anti-GBM disease cases were collected from January 2015 to March 2015 at our Institute...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936986/characterizing-endourologist-learning-curve-during-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-implications-on-occupational-dose-and-patients
#11
Jacobo Guiu-Souto, Carlos Otero-Martínez, Daniel Pérez-Fentes, Carlos Fernández-Baltar, Juan F Sánchez-García, Camilo García-Freire, Miguel Pombar, Juan Pardo-Montero
In this study we have characterized the learning curve of percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures over 301 cases for six years. Different surrogate parameters of clinical expertise have been used, such as dose area product, total procedure time, fluoroscopy time and personal equivalent doses. In addition, two different endourologists have been monitored; one of whom was subjected to a specific Radiation Protection training (ICRP 85). Eye lens dose is estimated from thermoluminescent dosimeters. Significant differences are observed between both endourologists, especially in the fluoroscopy time...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936897/uk-guidance-on-the-management-of-personal-dosimetry-systems-for-healthcare-staff-working-at-multiple-organisations
#12
Andy Rogers, Claire-Louise Chapple, Maria Murray, David Platton, John Saunderson
There has been concern expressed by the UK regulator, the Health & Safety Executive, regarding the management of occupation dose for healthcare radiation workers who work across multiple organisations. In response to this concern the British Institute of Radiology led a working group of relevant professional bodies to develop guidance in this area. The guidance addresses issues of general system management that would apply to all personal dosimetry systems, regardless of whether or not the workers within that system work across organisational boundaries, along with exploring efficient strategies to comply with legislation where those workers do indeed work across organisational boundaries...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936815/-current-clinical-variables-in-schizophrenia-cases-with-suicide-attempt-history
#13
Demet Sağlam Aykut, Filiz Civil Arslan, Evrim Özkorumak Karagüzel, Serdar Karakullukçu, Ahmet Tiryaki
OBJECTIVE: High suicide risk was shown to be related with depression and low quality of life in studies investigating clinical variables related to suicidal behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a suicide attempt on clinical presentation by comparing sociodemographic variables, clinical signs, symptoms of depression, quality of life, social functionality, and reported adverse drug reactions in schizophrenic patients with and without suicide. METHOD: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Calgary Depression Scale (CDS), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q), Social Functioning Scale (SFS), and Udvalg for Kliniske Undersøgelser Side Effect Rating Scale (UKU) were administered to 115 patients with schizophrenia...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936521/a-first-principles-study-of-spinel-znfe2o4-for-electrode-materials-in-lithium-ion-batteries
#14
Haoyue Guo, Yiman Zhang, Amy C Marschilok, Kenneth J Takeuchi, Esther S Takeuchi, Ping Liu
Zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) is a prospective lithium ion battery (LIB) material, owing to its large theoretical capacity (1000 mA h g(-1)). Here, we report a density functional study of the discharge process at an early stage from ZnFe2O4 up to LixZnFe2O4 (x = 2), aiming to provide a fundamental understanding of the mechanism. According to our calculations, with x increasing up to 1 the intercalation of Li(+) ions prefers octahedral 16c sites, which is accompanied by Zn(2+) ion displacement from tetrahedral 8a sites to 16c sites starting at x = 0...
September 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936375/hand-hygiene-practices-among-indian-medical-undergraduates-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#15
Pranav D Modi, Pooja Kumar, Rajavi Solanki, Janhavi Modi, Srinath Chandramani, Niharika Gill
Background and objectives To prevent the spread of infections in all healthcare settings, hand hygiene must be routinely practiced. Appropriate hand hygiene techniques can go a long way in reducing nosocomial infections, cross-transmission of microorganisms and the risk of occupational exposure to infectious diseases. World Health Organisation (WHO) has taken an incredible approach called "My Five Moments for Hand Hygiene" which defines the key moments when health-care workers should perform hand hygiene. We thus carried out a survey to assess knowledge of hand hygiene practices among undergraduate medical students...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936358/characteristics-of-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-five-sectors-in-service-industry-between-2004-and-2013
#16
Hyun-Woo Choi, Young-Ki Kim, Dong-Mug Kang, Jong-Eun Kim, Bo-Young Jang
BACKGROUND: 'Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs)' have been mostly reported in the manufacturing industry but recently the occurrence of industrial injuries has been constantly increasing in the service industry. This research is going to analyze the data about workers' compensation for WRMSDs in five different service sectors and identify characteristics of occupations with the highest approved occupations. METHODS: According to the data released from the Korea Worker's Compensation & Welfare Service, the overview of 12,730 cases of workers' compensation for WRMSDs in five service sectors from 2004 to 2013 is going to be analyzed and the source data is going to be classified by the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations to select the top five occupations that have the highest number of approval...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936144/prevalence-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-major-depression-in-health-care-givers-of-disabled-patients-in-majmaah-and-shaqra-cities-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Mansour Alzahrani, Fahad Alfahaid, Mohammed Almansour, Talal Alghamdi, Tahir Ansari, Waqas Sami, Talal Mislat Al Otaibi, Abdulmohsen Abdullah Al Humayn, Madullah Moutlaq Al Enezi
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes such as increased blood pressure, etc. The impact of anxiety and depression on health-caregivers of disabled patients are very important because these psychological disorders effects both the health-caregivers and the patients which lead to unexpected bad events. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to find out the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder and major depression in health-care givers of disabled patients and to observe associations between demographic characteristics and psychological disorders in Majmaah and Shaqra Cities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936106/long-term-psychological-health-among-individuals-pursuing-emerging-adulthood-type-pathways-in-the-1950s-and-1960s
#18
Alan Reifman, Timothy Oblad, Sylvia Niehuis
We analyzed data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (N = 6390) to investigate how common an emerging adulthood-type lifestyle (e.g., delayed marriage and childbearing, pursuit of higher education) was in the late 1950s and early 1960s, and what the long-term psychological-health correlates were of such a lifestyle. Cluster analyses of marital, childbearing, educational, and occupational variables from 1957 (high school graduation) to 1964 generated six clusters that we labeled: fast-starters (early marriage and childbearing, little education beyond high school, virtually all employed), very-educated/partnered (mean educational attainment well into graduate school and among the earliest to get married), moderately educated/family oriented (mean years of education somewhat shy of a bachelor's degree, early marriage and childbearing), educated singles (late marriage and childbearing, if at all, averaging a bachelor's degree; most prototypical of emerging adulthood), work/military first (little education past high school, late marriage and childbearing), and military/professional aspiration (envisioning career requiring college education and pursuing one)...
June 2017: Journal of Adult Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936001/characterization-of-airborne-float-coal-dust-emitted-during-continuous-mining-longwall-mining-and-belt-transport
#19
M R Shahan, C E Seaman, T W Beck, J F Colinet, S E Mischler
Float coal dust is produced by various mining methods, carried by ventilating air and deposited on the floor, roof and ribs of mine airways. If deposited, float dust is re-entrained during a methane explosion. Without sufficient inert rock dust quantities, this float coal dust can propagate an explosion throughout mining entries. Consequently, controlling float coal dust is of critical interest to mining operations. Rock dusting, which is the adding of inert material to airway surfaces, is the main control technique currently used by the coal mining industry to reduce the float coal dust explosion hazard...
September 2017: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935678/bma-urges-more-career-flexibility-and-better-occupational-support-to-fight-workforce-crisis
#20
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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