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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814012/quantitative-measures-with-wrex-usage
#1
Tracy M Shank, Jinyong Wee, Jennifer Ty, Tariq Rahman
This paper presents the results of two surveys conducted with users of a functional upper extremity orthosis called the Wilmington Robotic EXoskeleton (WREX). The WREX is a passive anti-gravity arm orthosis that allows people with neuromuscular disabilities to move their arms in three dimensions. An online user survey with 55 patients was conducted to determine the benefits of the WREX. The survey asked 10 questions related to upper extremity function with and without the WREX as well as subjective impressions of the device...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813867/therapeutic-effects-of-anti-gravity-treadmill-alterg-training-on-reflex-hyper-excitability-corticospinal-tract-activities-and-muscle-stiffness-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Sh Parvin, A Taghiloo, A Irani, M Mehdi Mirbagheri
We aimed to study therapeutic effects of antigravity treadmill (AlterG) training on reflex hyper-excitability, muscle stiffness, and corticospinal tract (CST) function in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Three children received AlterG training 3 days per week for 8 weeks as experimental group. Each session lasted 45 minutes. One child as control group received typical occupational therapy for the same amount of time. We evaluated hyper-excitability of lower limb muscles by H-reflex response...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813784/longitudinal-high-density-emg-classification-case-study-in-a-glenohumeral-tmr-subject
#3
Meike A Schweisfurth, Jennifer Ernst, Ivan Vujaklija, Arndt F Schilling, Dario Farina, Oskar C Aszmann, Gunther Felmerer
Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) represents a breakthrough interface for prosthetic control in high-level upper-limb amputees. However, clinically, it is still limited to the direct motion-wise control restricted by the number of reinnervation sites. Pattern recognition may overcome this limitation. Previous studies on EMG classification in TMR patients experienced with myocontrol have shown greater accuracy when using high-density (HD) recordings compared to conventional single-channel derivations. This case study investigates the potential of HD-EMG classification longitudinally over a period of 17 months post-surgery in a glenohumeral amputee...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813761/epidemiologic-study-of-bacteria-zoonotic-diseases-in-south-dakota-2010-2014
#4
Jessica L Ludvik, Susan M Anderson, Mark K Huntington
BACKGROUND: Although the burden of infectious diseases has decreased dramatically due to advances in health care, disease prevention and numerous public health efforts and innovations, zoonotic diseases continue to pose a problem in terms of both existing and emerging diseases. These risks are of particular concern in rural areas, in which there is more contact with animals for occupational and recreational purposes. As a rural and agricultural state, South Dakota has a large percentage of its population at risk of exposure to zoonotic diseases through their substantial contact time with animals...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813690/deep-coal-mining-and-meningococcal-meningitis-in-england-and-wales-1931-38-ecological-study-with-implications-for-deep-shaft-mining-activities-worldwide
#5
Matthew R Smallman-Raynor, Andrew D Cliff
The hypothesized role of deep coal mining in the development of community-based outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis has gone largely unexplored. Taking the coalfields of Britain as a historical testbed, techniques of linear and binomial logistic regression were used to assess the association between meningococcal meningitis rates and male occupation rates for coal mining in England and Wales during the national epidemic of 1931-32 and in its aftermath. Adjusting for the epidemiological effects of age, residential density, recent changes in the number of families, housing stock and low social class, the analysis yielded evidence of a significant and positive association between coal mining occupation rates and notified levels of meningitis activity in the epidemic period...
August 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813586/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-aircraft-road-and-railway-noise-a-case-control-study-based-on-health-insurance-records
#6
Janice Hegewald, Melanie Schubert, Mandy Wagner, Patrik Dröge, Ursel Prote, Enno Swart, Ulrich Möhler, Hajo Zeeb, Andreas Seidler
Objectives Aircraft, road, and rail traffic noise can cause sleep disturbances. Since night work and shorter sleep durations have been linked to increased risks of breast cancer, we examined if 24-hour, or day- or night-time traffic noise exposure may also increase the risk of breast cancer. Methods To investigate the noise-related risks of breast cancer, the pseudonymized insurance records of three large statutory health companies (2005-2010) for women aged ≥40 years living in the region surrounding the Frankfurt international airport were analyzed with address-specific acoustic data representing aircraft, road, and rail-traffic noise...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813525/is-the-detection-of-aquatic-environmental-dna-influenced-by-substrate-type
#7
Andrew S Buxton, Jim J Groombridge, Richard A Griffiths
The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) to assess the presence-absence of rare, cryptic or invasive species is hindered by a poor understanding of the factors that can remove DNA from the system. In aquatic systems, eDNA can be transported out either horizontally in water flows or vertically by incorporation into the sediment. Equally, eDNA may be broken down by various biotic and abiotic processes if the target organism leaves the system. We use occupancy modelling and a replicated mesocosm experiment to examine how detection probability of eDNA changes once the target species is no longer present...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813333/athletic-identity-foreclosure
#8
REVIEW
Britton W Brewer, Albert J Petitpas
Athletic identity foreclosure refers to commitment to the athlete role in the absence of exploration of occupational or ideological alternatives. This article traces the theoretical underpinnings of the construct, examines the role of sport participation in identity development, and provides an overview of the course, correlates, and consequences of athletic identity foreclosure. Implications for future research are discussed.
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812456/value-congruence-control-sense-of-community-and-demands-as-determinants-of-burnout-syndrome-among-hospitality-workers
#9
Ángela Asensio-Martínez, Michael P Leiter, Santiago Gascón, Stephanie Gumuchian, Bárbara Masluk, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Agustín Albesa, Javier García-Campayo
Employees working in the hospitality industry are constantly exposed to occupational stressors that may lead employees into experiencing the burnout syndrome. Research addressing the interactive effects of control, community and value congruence, to alleviate the impact of workplace demands on experiencing burnout is relatively limited. The present study examined relationships among control, community and value congruence, and workplace demands and the three components of burnout. A sample of 418 employees working in a variety of hospitality associations including restaurants and hotels in Spain were recruited...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812414/adipokine-genes-and-radiographic-hand-osteoarthritis-in-finnish-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
S Hämäläinen, S Solovieva, T Vehmas, A Hirvonen, P Leino-Arjas
OBJECTIVES: Available evidence suggests that genetic factors and overweight play major roles in the aetiology of osteoarthritis (OA). We analysed the association of 18 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from nine adipokine and adipokine receptor genes (LEP, LEPR, ADIPOQ, RETN, NAMPT, SERPINA12, ITLN1, RARRES2, and APLN) with radiographic hand OA. METHOD: The study design was cross-sectional. Bilateral hand radiographs of 542 occupationally active Finnish female dentists and teachers aged 45-63 years were examined and classified for the presence of hand OA using reference images...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812386/reported-use-of-technology-in-stroke-rehabilitation-by-physical-and-occupational-therapists
#11
Jeanne Langan, Heamchand Subryan, Ifeoma Nwogu, Lora Cavuoto
PURPOSE: With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812286/occupational-exposures-and-health-outcomes-among-immigrants-in-the-usa
#12
REVIEW
Sally C Moyce, Marc Schenker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Immigrants experience higher rates of occupational injury and fatality than their native-born counterparts. This review summarizes the current data related to occupational/environmental exposures and explores potential reasons for the disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: Immigrant workers are employed in sectors that expose them to dangerous working conditions. They experience increased risk for exposure to heat, pesticides, hazardous chemicals, and cleaning agents, as well as physical hazards such as falls...
August 15, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812095/-working-hour-preferences-of-female-and-male-residents-developments-over-4%C3%A2-years-of-postgraduate-medical-training-in-germany
#13
REVIEW
Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Hendrik van den Bussche
OBJECTIVES: This article addresses developments regarding working hours and working hour preferences of residents undergoing postgraduate training in Germany and analyses if, and for what reasons, full-time or part-time working models are preferred. METHODS: The source of data is the KarMed study, which is based on yearly postal surveys carried out among graduates of the year 2008/2009 from seven medical faculties in Germany. The interviews took place during the entire postgraduate training period...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811893/knowledge-of-obstetric-danger-signs-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-health-facilities-of-yirgacheffe-town-gedeo-zone-southern-ethiopia
#14
Desalegn Tsegaw Hibstu, Yadeshi Demisse Siyoum
BACKGROUND: Obstetric danger signs are not the literal obstetric complications, merely symptoms that are well named by non-clinical personnel. The identification of these danger signs and its relation with complications during pregnancy would increase the capacity of women, their partners and families to seek for timely health care, following the appropriate steps to insure a safe birth and post-partum. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge of obstetric danger signs and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Yirgacheffe town, Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811783/incidence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-low-birth-weight-babies-born-in-shaikh-khalifa-bin-zayad-al-nayan-hospital-muzaffarabad-azad-jammu-and-kashmir
#15
Gulnaz Iltaf, Beenish Shahid, Muhammad Ijaz Khan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Birth weight is the most important factor that affects infant and child mortality. The most common cause of low birth is malnutrition before and during the pregnancy period. The present study was conducted to explore the associated risk factors of low birth weight which will be helpful to undertake effective measures to reduce the incidence of the low birth weight babies. METHODS: The study was conducted at Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayad Al-Nayan Hospital Muzaffarabad...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811684/lead-as-a-risk-factor-for-osteoporosis-in-post-menopausal-women
#16
REVIEW
Anjali Manocha, L M Srivastava, Seema Bhargava
Lead exposure is increasingly becoming an important risk factor for osteoporosis. In adults, approximately 80-90 % of absorbed lead is stored in the bones. These bone lead deposits are released into the blood during periods of enhanced bone resorption like menopause, forming a potential endogenous source of lead exposure. Postmenopausal women are at a higher risk for bone lead release because of hormonal and age related changes in bone metabolism. Estrogen deficiency is associated with increase in osteoclasts number and activity leading to both the early and late form of osteoporosis...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811339/heritable-bovine-rumen-bacteria-are-phylogenetically-related-and-correlated-with-the-cow-s-capacity-to-harvest-energy-from-its-feed
#17
Goor Sasson, Sheerli Kruger Ben-Shabat, Eyal Seroussi, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, Naama Shterzer, Shamay Yaacoby, Margret E Berg Miller, Bryan A White, Eran Halperin, Itzhak Mizrahi
Ruminants sustain a long-lasting obligatory relationship with their rumen microbiome dating back 50 million years. In this unique host-microbiome relationship, the host's ability to digest its feed is completely dependent on its coevolved microbiome. This extraordinary alliance raises questions regarding the dependent relationship between ruminants' genetics and physiology and the rumen microbiome structure, composition, and metabolism. To elucidate this relationship, we examined the association of host genetics with the phylogenetic and functional composition of the rumen microbiome...
August 15, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810999/case-report-on-the-use-of-a-custom-myoelectric-elbow-wrist-hand-orthosis-for-the-remediation-of-upper-extremity-paresis-and-loss-of-function-in-chronic-stroke
#18
Stefanie Dunaway, D Brianna Dezsi, Jessica Perkins, Daniel Tran, Jonathan Naft
INTRODUCTION: This case study describes the application of a commercially available, custom myoelectric elbow-wrist-hand orthosis (MEWHO), on a veteran diagnosed with chronic stroke with residual left hemiparesis. The MEWHO provides powered active assistance for elbow flexion/extension and 3 jaw chuck grip. It is a noninvasive orthosis that is driven by the user's electromyographic signal. Experience with the MEWHO and associated outcomes are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participant completed 21 outpatient occupational therapy sessions that incorporated the use of a custom MEWHO without grasp capability into traditional occupational therapy interventions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810988/association-between-personal-protective-equipment-use-and-injury-occurrence-among-the-republic-of-korea-armed-forces
#19
Tae Kyung Kim, Byung-Chan Jeon, Eunkyoung Bae, Kyoung Ki Bae, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
INTRODUCTION: Soldiers are at a higher risk of injury than people of other occupations. To date, no studies have examined the association between injury and personal protective equipment (PPE) use in the Republic of Korea (ROK) military. Thus, this study aimed to investigate possible associations between injury and PPE use in military personnel. In addition, we aimed to identify the possible interactions between injury and PPE use according to military personnel characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used secondary data from the 2014-2015 Military Health Survey...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810980/risk-factors-for-rhabdomyolysis-in-the-u-s-army
#20
Owen T Hill, Dennis E Scofield, Jenna Usedom, Lakmini Bulathsinhala, Craig McKinnon, Paul Kwon, Timothy Haley, Robert Carter
The standardized mortality rate of rhabdomyolysis (RM) in Active Duty U.S. Army Soldiers is considerably higher than in the civilian population. RM occurs when large amounts of intracellular contents from damaged skeletal muscle escape into circulation, leading to serious sequelae (e.g., acute renal failure, hyperkalemia, compartment syndrome). Extended physical exertion, especially in hot environments, and trauma can precipitate RM. The aim of this study was to identify RM risk factors among U.S. Active Duty Army (ADA) Soldiers...
July 2017: Military Medicine
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