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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743118/disappearance-of-bone-marrow-fibrosis-in-a-patient-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-treated-with-dasatinib
#1
Ernesto Vigna, Bruno Martino, Francesco Bacci, Anna Grazia Recchia, Francesco Mendicino, Rosellina Morelli, Francesca Romana Mauro, Caterina Musolino, Rosa Greco, Eugenio Lucia, Elena Sabattini, Fortunato Morabito, Massimo Gentile
We report a case of a chronic myeloid leukemia patient showing progressive bone marrow fibrosis and anemia during imatinib therapy. Given the loss of major molecular response, we switched treatment to dasatinib 100 mg daily, observing a reduction in BCR-ABL transcript, a significant improvement of anemia, and a gradual disappearance of fibrosis. After 7 years of dasatinib therapy the patient maintains a complete cytogenetic response and a deep molecular response; the last bone biopsy confirmed the absence of fibrosis...
July 26, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742500/adverse-effects-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-focus-on-metabolic-complications
#2
REVIEW
Vasileios Tzortzis, Michael Samarinas, Ioannis Zachos, Athanasios Oeconomou, Louis L Pisters, Alexandra Bargiota
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is the most effective treatment for this disease. The cornerstone of the treatment of prostate cancer is inhibition of testosterone production which interrupts testosterone-induced growth of the prostate tumor. The dramatic decrease in testosterone levels, however, has several undesirable effects on the metabolic profile and bone metabolism and can also lead to fatigue, loss of libido, gynecomastia, and anemia, provoke vasomotor flushing, and generally affect the quality of life...
April 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742295/common-oral-manifestations-of-select-systemic-diseases-anemia-diabetes-mellitus-and-hiv
#3
Sahar Mirfarsi, Eric T Stoopler, Ho-Hyun (Brian) Sun, Jeffrey A Elo
In this article, we discuss several common abnormal signs and symptoms that may be present in the oral cavity initially with or without any systemic symptoms at a typical dental practice. The purpose of this discussion is to increase clinical awareness for establishing differential diagnoses so that patients may obtain appropriate referrals for appropriate medical treatment.
September 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742285/variable-expressivity-and-incomplete-penetrance-in-a-large-family-with-non-classical-diamond-blackfan-anemia-associated-with-ribosomal-protein-l11-splicing-variant
#4
Colleen M Carlston, Zeinab A Afify, Janice C Palumbos, Heidi Bagley, Carlos Barbagelata, Whitney L Wooderchak-Donahue, Rong Mao, John C Carey
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous bone marrow failure disorders with or without congenital anomalies. Variable expressivity and incomplete penetrance have been observed within affected families. Diamond-Blackfan anemia-7 (DBA7), caused by heterozygous mutations in ribosomal protein L11 (RPL11), accounts for approximately 5% of DBA. DBA7 is usually characterized by early-onset bone marrow failure often accompanied by congenital malformations, especially thumb defects...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742109/young-sprague-dawley-rats-infected-by-plasmodium-berghei-a-relevant-experimental-model-to-study-cerebral-malaria
#5
Sokhna Keita Alassane, Marie-Laure Nicolau-Travers, Sandie Menard, Olivier Andreoletti, Jean-Pierre Cambus, Noémie Gaudre, Myriam Wlodarczyk, Nicolas Blanchard, Antoine Berry, Sarah Abbes, David Colongo, Babacar Faye, Jean-Michel Augereau, Caroline Lacroux, Xavier Iriart, Françoise Benoit-Vical
Cerebral malaria (CM) is the most severe manifestation of human malaria yet is still poorly understood. Mouse models have been developed to address the subject. However, their relevance to mimic human pathogenesis is largely debated. Here we study an alternative cerebral malaria model with an experimental Plasmodium berghei Keyberg 173 (K173) infection in Sprague Dawley rats. As in Human, not all infected subjects showed cerebral malaria, with 45% of the rats exhibiting Experimental Cerebral Malaria (ECM) symptoms while the majority (55%) of the remaining rats developed severe anemia and hyperparasitemia (NoECM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740963/extra-adrenal-myelolipoma-with-hemolytic-anemia
#6
Nidal İflazoğlu, Orhan Üreyen, Mahir Keleş
Myelolipomas are rare benign tumors often detected as adrenal masses. Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are encountered even more rarely. The rate of detection of these lesions is increasing with improved radiological techniques. Because of their localization and morphological similarities to well differentiated liposarcomas, extra-adrenal myelolipomas need to be differentiated from other aggressive neoplasms. Preoperative imaging and percutaneous biopsy are important tools in the diagnosis of these lesions. We report a very rare case of an extra-adrenal perirenal myelolipoma associated with hemolytic anemia...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740895/using-low-dose-radiation-to-potentiate-the-effect-of-induction-chemotherapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-phase-2-trial
#7
Susanne M Arnold, Mahesh Kudrimoti, Emily V Dressler, John F Gleason, Natalie L Silver, William F Regine, Joseph Valentino
PURPOSE: Low-dose fractionated radiation therapy (LDFRT) induces effective cell killing through hyperradiation sensitivity and potentiates effects of chemotherapy. We report our second investigation of LDFRT as a potentiator of the chemotherapeutic effect of induction carboplatin and paclitaxel in locally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Two cycles of induction therapy were given every 21 days: paclitaxel (75 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 8, and 15; carboplatin (area under the curve 6) day 1; and LDFRT 50 cGy fractions (2 each on days 1, 2, 8, and 15)...
October 2016: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740840/bicytopenia-and-leukoerythroblastosis-a-rare-initial-presentation-of-signet-ring-cell-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#8
REVIEW
Vilma Takayasu, Edna Harumi Goto, Mayra Zanon Casagrande, Paulo Guilherme de Arruda Miranda, Gabriela Bezerra de Freitas Diniz, Micaela Frasson Monteiro, Aloisio Felipe-Silva
Gastric adenocarcinoma is a common neoplasia and is responsible for up to 30% of the overall deaths due to cancer. Advanced disease is mostly characterized by peritoneum, liver, and lung involvement. The spread of the disease to the bone is rare, and bone marrow dissemination is even rarer. In this setting, leukoerythroblastosis may be the initial manifestation of the disease. The authors report the case of a 64-year-old Caucasian man who sought medical care complaining of back pain, weakness, and weight loss...
April 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740574/phase-i-ii-study-of-erlotinib-carboplatin-pemetrexed-and-bevacizumab-in-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-advanced-non-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-harboring-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutation
#9
Takayasu Kurata, Aya Nakaya, Takashi Yokoi, Maiko Niki, Kayoko Kibata, Yuki Takeyasu, Yoshitaro Torii, Yuichi Katashiba, Makoto Ogata, Takayuki Miyara, Shosaku Nomura
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors significantly prolong the progression-free survival of patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, most patients develop tumor regrowth and their prognosis remains poor. A new treatment strategy for NSCLC harboring EGFR mutation is therefore necessary. METHODS: In phase I, eligible patients were administered oral erlotinib daily and intravenous pemetrexed, carboplatin, and bevacizumab every 3 weeks for four cycles with maintenance of pemetrexed and bevacizumab until progressive disease was observed...
May 2017: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740442/techniques-used-for-the-screening-of-hemoglobin-levels-in-blood-donors-current-insights-and-future-directions
#10
REVIEW
Rajendra Chaudhary, Anju Dubey, Atul Sonker
Blood donor hemoglobin (Hb) estimation is an important donation test that is performed prior to blood donation. It serves the dual purpose of protecting the donors' health against anemia and ensuring good quality of blood components, which has an implication on recipients' health. Diverse cutoff criteria have been defined world over depending on population characteristics; however, no testing methodology and sample requirement have been specified for Hb screening. Besides the technique, there are several physiological and methodological factors that affect accuracy and reliability of Hb estimation...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740350/cryptogenic-multifocal-ulcerous-stenosing-enteritis-radiologic-features-and-clinical-behavior
#11
Jiyoung Hwang, Jin Sil Kim, Ah Young Kim, Joon Seok Lim, Se Hyung Kim, Min Ju Kim, Mi Sung Kim, Kyoung Doo Song, Ji Young Woo
AIM: To investigate the characteristic radiologic findings of cryptogenic multifocal ulcerous stenosing enteritis (CMUSE) which can be differentiated from other similar bowel disease and to assess their clinical behavior. METHODS: Twenty pathologically and clinically confirmed CMUSE patients (males:females = 8:12; mean age: 40.4 years) between March 2002 and August 2015 from seven academic centers in South Korea were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated small bowel series (SBS; n = 25), computed tomography (CT) enterography (n = 21), magnetic resonance (MR) enterography (n = 2), and abdominopelvic CT (n = 18) images, focusing on enteric and perienteric manifestations...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739243/heaven-criteria-derivation-of-a-new-difficult-airway-prediction-tool
#12
Daniel P Davis, David J Olvera
OBJECTIVE: Airway management is vitally important in the management of critically ill and injured patients. Current tools to predict the difficult airway have limited application in the emergency airway situation. The aim of this study was to derive a novel difficult airway prediction tool for emergency intubation. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis was performed in a population of air medical rapid sequence intubation patients requiring more than 1 attempt...
July 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739199/results-of-the-first-american-prospective-study-of-intravenous-iron-in-oral-iron-intolerant-iron-deficient-gravidas
#13
Michael Auerbach, Stephanie E James, Melissa Nicoletti, Steven Lenowitz, Nicola London, Huzefa F Bahrain, Richard Derman, Samuel Smith
BACKGROUND: Anemia affects up to 42% of gravidas. Neonatal iron deficiency is associated with low birth weight, delayed growth and development, and increased cognitive and behavioral abnormalities. While oral iron is convenient, up to 70% report significant gastrointestinal toxicity. Intravenous iron formulations allowing replacement in one visit with favorable side-effect profiles decrease rates of anemia with improved hemoglobin responses and maternal fetal outcomes. METHODS: 74 oral iron intolerant, 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimester iron deficient gravidas were questioned for oral iron intolerance and treated with intravenous iron...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738401/serum-vitamins-and-minerals-at-diagnosis-and-follow-up-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#14
Vini Deora, Nicole Aylward, AbdulRazaq Sokoro, Wael El-Matary
OBJECTIVES: Children with celiac disease (CD) may experience deficiencies of several micronutrients. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in children with CD at diagnosis, 6 months, and 18 months after the start of a gluten-free diet (GFD), and examine any correlation between micronutrient deficiencies, serum tissue transglutaminase (TtG) immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody titers, and the degree of mucosal damage at diagnosis...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737884/-deficiencia-de-hierro-y-anemia-ferrop%C3%A3-nica-gu%C3%A3-a-para-su-prevenci%C3%A3-n-diagn%C3%A3-stico-y-tratamiento-resumen-ejecutivo
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737879/-visceral-leishmaniasis-pediatric-case-report
#16
Andrés Gomila H, Carolina Vanzo, Analía Garnero, Luisina Peruzzo, Mónica Badalotti
La leishmaniasis es una enfermedad causada por parásitos obligados intracelulares pertenecientes al género Leishmania y que reconoce tres formas clínicas principales: cutánea, visceral y mucocutánea. Es una patología del grupo de las "enfermedades desatendidas". Es la única enfermedad tropical transmitida a través de vectores que se ha mantenido endémica por décadas en el sur de Europa. La leishmaniasis visceral representa la forma más grave. Se caracteriza por fiebre, pérdida de peso, anemia y hepatoesplenomegalia...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737602/treatment-of-congenital-thrombotic-thrombocytopenia-purpura-a-new-paradigm
#17
Louis M Aledort, Tammuella C Singleton, Paula J Ulsh
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura (cTTP) is a very rare disorder worldwide. Standard treatment of recognized cases has been to administer fresh frozen plasma as the source of ADAMTS13, to replenish the absent ADAMTS13 enzyme. An alternative source, a plasma-derived factor VIII concentrate used for hemophilia A, and found to contain this enzyme, was reported to be effective in 1 patient in the United States. We now report details on a US cohort of 8 cTTP patients who have been successfully treated for varying periods with a marketed antihemophilic factor concentrate Koate-DVI...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737550/intestinal-cestodes
#18
Camille Webb, Miguel M Cabada
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cestodes infections in humans are among the most prevalent parasitosis worldwide. Although tapeworm infection is often asymptomatic, they can be associated with a range of symptoms. The landscape of cestode infections is changing with rapid diagnosis techniques and advanced molecular diagnosis aiding in identification of species specific epidemiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Traditional descriptions of species by location have been challenged with molecular diagnostic techniques, which show variation in distribution of species, thought to be because of globalization and importation of disease...
July 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737239/long-term-use-of-dienogest-in-the-treatment-of-painful-symptoms-in-adenomyosis
#19
Yutaka Osuga, Manabu Watanabe, Atsushi Hagino
AIM: We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of dienogest (DNG), a progestational 19-norsteroid, administered for 52 weeks in patients with symptomatic adenomyosis. METHODS: A total of 130 patients with adenomyosis received 2 mg of DNG orally each day for 52 weeks. In cases of complicated anemia, patients were treated for anemia prior to receiving the medication. Adverse events and adverse drug reactions were evaluated. The patients' pain symptoms (dysmenorrhea and pelvic pain from adenomyosis) were assessed using a pain-scoring tool...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736939/fetal-hemoglobin-in-sickle-cell-anemia-the-arab-indian-haplotype-and-new-therapeutic-agents
#20
REVIEW
Alawi H Habara, Elmutaz M Shaikho, Martin H Steinberg
Fetal hemoglobin (HbF) has well-known tempering effects on the symptoms of sickle cell disease and its levels vary among patients with different haplotypes of the sickle hemoglobin gene. Compared with sickle cell anemia haplotypes found in patients of African descent, HbF levels in Saudi and Indian patients with the Arab-Indian (AI) haplotype exceed that in any other haplotype by nearly two-fold. Genetic association studies have identified some loci associated with high HbF in the AI haplotype but these observations require functional confirmation...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
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