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Diabetes type 2 glucometer

Edlira Lashi, Fatos Lashi, Klotilda Muca, Bora Ballta, Suzana Kazazi
AIM: Identification of glycemic level tendency rates in a hypertonic population that suffers from diabetes mellitus in Health Centre Nr. 1, Tirana, evaluation of self-monitoring and the effects of interactions, with the aim of reducing the levels of fast glycaemia in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the study participated 810 patients of Health Centre Nr 1 in Tirana that suffer from hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. The study was conducted through 10 months' period...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Vini Singh, Sadagopan Krishnan
Diabetes is a complex immune disorder that requires extensive medical care beyond glycemic control. Recently, the prevalence of diabetes, particularly type 1 diabetes (T1D), has significantly increased from 5% to 10%, and this has affected the health-associated complication incidences in children and adults. The 2012 statistics by the American Diabetes Association reported that 29.1 million Americans (9.3% of the population) had diabetes, and 86 million Americans (age ≥20 years, an increase from 79 million in 2010) had prediabetes...
March 7, 2018: Analyst
Andreas Pfützner, Stephanie Strobl, Filiz Demircik, Lisa Redert, Johannes Pfützner, Anke H Pfützner, Alexander Lier
BACKGROUND: Frequent blood glucose readings are the most cumbersome aspect of diabetes treatment for many patients. The noninvasive TensorTip Combo Glucometer (CoG) component employs dedicated mathematical algorithms to analyze the collected signal and to predict tissue glucose at the fingertip. This study presents the performance of the CoG (the invasive and the noninvasive components) during a standardized meal experiment. METHODS: Each of the 36 participants (18 females and males each, age: 49 ± 18 years, 14 healthy subjects, 6 type 1 and 16 type 2 patients) received a device for conducting calibration at home...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Agnieszka Szadkowska, Andrzej Gawrecki, Arkadiusz Michalak, Dorota Zozulińska-Ziółkiewicz, Wojciech Fendler, Wojciech Młynarski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To evaluate the clinical accuracy of a flash glucose monitoring device FreeStyle Libre (FSL) among children with type 1 diabetes in real-world settings during a summer camp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a summer camp, children with type 1 diabetes (n = 79, aged 8-18 years) were provided with FSLs for 12 days. On days 3, 7, and 11 of the study, they underwent supervised glucose testing at 8 timepoints. Glycemia was estimated by using FSL and measured with a personal glucometer within a period of 2 min...
January 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Peeyoosha Gurudut, Abey P Rajan
The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the globe at an alarming rate. In India, more than 61.3 million people have been presently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is possible to control the circulating blood glucose levels by reducing life style risk factors through physical activities comprising of muscle stretches, aerobic training, resistance exercises (REs), yoga, etc. The aim of this study is to identify and compare the immediate effect of passive static stretching (PSS) versus RE on blood glucose level in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Bing-Yan Cao, Rui Li, Huan-Huan Tian, Ning Jia, Xiao-Gang Hu, Yan-Jia Ma, Yue-Ying Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on pancreatic glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1 R), pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX-1) protein expression and blood glucose in type 2 diabetes rats, so as to explore the underlying mechanism of EA treatment in improving type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control group, model group, "Weiwanxiashu" (EX-B 3) group, "Xinshu" (BL 15) group, and "Shenshu" (BL 23) group, 12 rats in each group...
April 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Charlene A Wong, Victoria A Miller, Kathryn Murphy, Dylan Small, Carol A Ford, Steven M Willi, Jordyn Feingold, Alexander Morris, Yoonhee P Ha, Jingsan Zhu, Wenli Wang, Mitesh S Patel
Importance: Glycemic control often deteriorates during adolescence and the transition to young adulthood for patients with type 1 diabetes. The inability to manage type 1 diabetes effectively during these years is associated with poor glycemic control and complications from diabetes in adult life. Objective: To determine the effect of daily financial incentives on glucose monitoring adherence and glycemic control in adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
Samantha L Hinojosa, Cynthia J Heiss
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether 15 minutes of postprandial walking has an effect on the glycemic response to a breakfast beverage in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). METHODS: Seven participants, aged 22.3 ± 4.3 years, with T1DM using intensive insulin therapy completed 2 days of data collection. On day 1, participants measured baseline fasting blood glucose (BG) with a glucometer, consumed an 8-ounce Boost® beverage (41 grams carbohydrate), administered a bolus of insulin according to the carbohydrate load and fasting BG, and sat quietly, repeating BG measurements 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after consumption...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Mark A Clements, Vincent S Staggs
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) upload and review blood glucose data between clinic visits. Mobile phone applications that receive data from a "connected" glucometer and that support pattern management are available and have the capacity to make data upload and review less burdensome. Whether mobile apps can improve diabetes self-management among individuals with type 1 diabetes remains unknown. METHOD: We analyzed retrospective data on 81 youths with T1D who were trained to use a glucometer-connected mobile app in their self-management...
May 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Perfect Shankalala, Choolwe Jacobs, Samuel Bosomprah, Michael Vinikoor, Patrick Katayamoyo, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Africa has a high prevalence of both Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) but in Zambia there are few data on co-morbid NCDs like Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among HIV-infected individuals. We aimed to identify risk factors for impaired fasting glucose or diabetes among HIV-infected Zambians on long-term Combined Antiretroviral Treatment (cART). METHODS: This was a cross sectional study of adult HIV patients in five health facilities of Copperbelt Province in Zambia...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Blood glucose monitoring forms a vital component of diabetes care. Monitoring conducted at home using glucometers, and in laboratories by professionals, are two common methods of blood glucose monitoring in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Nepalese patients' perceptions and practices of blood glucose monitoring in diabetes. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 48 Nepalese participants with type 2 diabetes in Sydney and Kathmandu...
2017: Global Health Action
Chitra Selvan, Anubhav Thukral, Deep Dutta, Sujoy Ghosh, Subhankar Chowdhury
INTRODUCTION: Logbooks of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) are useful in the modulation of insulin regimens, which aid in achieving glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, discrepancies in SMBG charting may impede its utility. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of log entries and its impact on long-term glycemic control. METHODS: SMBG in logbooks was compared with readings in glucometer memory and discrepancies between the two were evaluated in 101 children with T1DM...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Neha V Paharia, Kasturi Sen Ray
INTRODUCTION: Diet therapy is one of the corner stone's in the management of diabetes. Keeping the blood sugar level as close to normal is the main focus of dietary management of diabetes. A typical Indian meal is largely composed of Carbohydrates (CHO). Consumption of staple cereals, forms the major source of CHO in the Indian diet. However, CHO metabolism is seen to be completely deranged in a person with type 2 diabetes. It is necessary to select the cereal which has lower postprandial glycaemic impact for subjects with compromised metabolic status...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ali Emami, Malgorzata E Willinska, Hood Thabit, Lalantha Leelarathna, Sara Hartnell, Sibylle Dellweg, Carsten Benesch, Julia K Mader, Manuel Holzer, Harald Kojzar, Thomas R Pieber, Sabine Arnolds, Mark L Evans, Roman Hovorka
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated patterns of meal intake, insulin bolus delivery, and fingerstick glucose measurements during hybrid closed-loop and sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy, including associations with glucose control. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from pump-treated adults with type 1 diabetes who underwent, in random order, 12 weeks free-living closed-loop (n = 32) and 12 weeks SAP (n = 33) periods. We quantified daily patterns of main meals, snacks, prandial insulin boluses, correction boluses, and fingerstick glucose measurements by analyzing data recorded on the study glucometer and on study insulin pump...
July 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Forough Rafii, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Neda Mehrdad, Afsaneh Keramat
INTRODUCTION: Risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Postpartum glycemic screening is recommended in women with recent GDM. But this screening rate is low and the reasons are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Iranian women with recent GDM on barriers of postpartum screening for diabetes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Semi-structured interview was used for data collection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Leticia Gomez-Sanchez, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Natalia Feuerbach, Ruth Marti, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jose A Maderuelo-Fernandez, Rafel Ramos, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos
BACKGROUND: Effect of prediabetes and normal glucose on arterial stiffness remains controversial. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial glucose (PG) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in Caucasian adults. The secondary aim was to analyse this relationship by glycaemic status. METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
Leandro Kansuke Oharomari, Camila de Moraes, Anderson Marliere Navarro
BACKGROUND: The main mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity is an uncontrolled inflammatory response against self-antigens. Therefore, anti-inflammatory factors, such as the intake of bioactive compounds and a physically active lifestyle, may decrease or cease the development of autoimmune diseases. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease characterized by pancreatic β cell destruction. The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse is a model of spontaneous T1D and is the model most similar to human disease...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
B Wang, G Sun, W Qiao, Y Liu, J Qiao, W Ye, H Wang, X Wang, R Lindquist, Y Wang, Y-F Xiao
AIMS: Continuous blood glucose monitoring, especially long-term and remote, in diabetic patients or research is very challenging. Nonhuman primate (NHP) is an excellent model for metabolic research, because NHPs can naturally develop Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) similarly to humans. This study was to investigate blood glucose changes in conscious, moving-free cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) during circadian, meal, stress and drug exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood glucose, body temperature and physical activities were continuously and simultaneously recorded by implanted HD-XG telemetry device for up to 10 weeks...
September 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Kavitha A Puttaswamy, Jaishankar H Puttabudhi, Shashidara Raju
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate and assess any correlation between random capillary blood glucose (RCBG) and unstimulated whole salivary glucose (UWSG), as well as to estimate various salivary parameters, such as flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, and the influence of these factors on the oral health status in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty individuals suffering from type 2 DM and 40 healthy individuals in the age group of 30-60 years were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Christopher W Bach, Daniel A Baur, William S Hyder, Michael J Ormsbee
PURPOSE: To investigate the blood glucose kinetics and physiological effects experienced by a type 1 diabetic (T1D) finisher of a 3-day, multi-stage ultra endurance triathlon consisting of a 10 km swim and 144.8 km bike (stage 1), a 275.4 km bike (stage 2), and an 84.4 km run (stage 3). METHODS: The athlete self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) levels via fingerstick blood draw and hand-held glucometer. Researchers evaluated blood glucose kinetics via a continuous glucose monitoring device...
May 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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