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Diabetes type 2 glucometer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585892/blood-glucose-monitoring-in-type-2-diabetes-nepalese-patients-opinions-and-experiences
#1
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Blood glucose monitoring forms a vital component of diabetes care. Monitoring conducted at home using glucometers, and in laboratories by professionals, are two common methods of blood glucose monitoring in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Nepalese patients' perceptions and practices of blood glucose monitoring in diabetes. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 48 Nepalese participants with type 2 diabetes in Sydney and Kathmandu...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553591/impact-of-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-log-reliability-on-long-term-glycemic-outcomes-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Chitra Selvan, Anubhav Thukral, Deep Dutta, Sujoy Ghosh, Subhankar Chowdhury
INTRODUCTION: Logbooks of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) are useful in the modulation of insulin regimens, which aid in achieving glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, discrepancies in SMBG charting may impede its utility. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of log entries and its impact on long-term glycemic control. METHODS: SMBG in logbooks was compared with readings in glucometer memory and discrepancies between the two were evaluated in 101 children with T1DM...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511436/glycaemic-and-insulin-response-to-equi-quantity-of-selected-common-indian-staples-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Neha V Paharia, Kasturi Sen Ray
INTRODUCTION: Diet therapy is one of the corner stone's in the management of diabetes. Keeping the blood sugar level as close to normal is the main focus of dietary management of diabetes. A typical Indian meal is largely composed of Carbohydrates (CHO). Consumption of staple cereals, forms the major source of CHO in the Indian diet. However, CHO metabolism is seen to be completely deranged in a person with type 2 diabetes. It is necessary to select the cereal which has lower postprandial glycaemic impact for subjects with compromised metabolic status...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463010/behavioral-patterns-and-associations-with-glucose-control-during-12-week-randomized-free-living-clinical-trial-of-day-and-night-hybrid-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Ali Emami, Malgorzata E Willinska, Hood Thabit, Lalantha Leelarathna, Sara Hartnell, Sibylle Dellweg, Carsten Benesch, Julia K Mader, Manuel Holzer, Harald Kojzar, Thomas R Pieber, Sabine Arnolds, Mark L Evans, Roman Hovorka
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated patterns of meal intake, insulin bolus delivery, and fingerstick glucose measurements during hybrid closed-loop and sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy, including associations with glucose control. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from pump-treated adults with type 1 diabetes who underwent, in random order, 12 weeks free-living closed-loop (n = 32) and 12 weeks SAP (n = 33) periods. We quantified daily patterns of main meals, snacks, prandial insulin boluses, correction boluses, and fingerstick glucose measurements by analyzing data recorded on the study glucometer and on study insulin pump...
May 2, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451031/barriers-to-postpartum-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-of-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes
#5
Forough Rafii, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Neda Mehrdad, Afsaneh Keramat
INTRODUCTION: Risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Postpartum glycemic screening is recommended in women with recent GDM. But this screening rate is low and the reasons are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Iranian women with recent GDM on barriers of postpartum screening for diabetes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Semi-structured interview was used for data collection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414819/glycemic-markers-and-relation-with-arterial-stiffness-in-caucasian-subjects-of-the-mark-study
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Leticia Gomez-Sanchez, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Natalia Feuerbach, Ruth Marti, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez, Jose A Maderuelo-Fernandez, Rafel Ramos, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos
BACKGROUND: Effect of prediabetes and normal glucose on arterial stiffness remains controversial. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial glucose (PG) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in Caucasian adults. The secondary aim was to analyse this relationship by glycaemic status. METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378202/exercise-training-but-not-curcumin-supplementation-decreases-immune-cell-infiltration-in-the-pancreatic-islets-of-a-genetically-susceptible-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#7
Leandro Kansuke Oharomari, Camila de Moraes, Anderson Marliere Navarro
BACKGROUND: The main mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity is an uncontrolled inflammatory response against self-antigens. Therefore, anti-inflammatory factors, such as the intake of bioactive compounds and a physically active lifestyle, may decrease or cease the development of autoimmune diseases. Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease characterized by pancreatic β cell destruction. The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse is a model of spontaneous T1D and is the model most similar to human disease...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365864/long-term-blood-glucose-monitoring-with-implanted-telemetry-device-in-conscious-and-stress-free-cynomolgus-monkeys
#8
B Wang, G Sun, W Qiao, Y Liu, J Qiao, W Ye, H Wang, X Wang, R Lindquist, Y Wang, Y-F Xiao
AIMS: Continuous blood glucose monitoring, especially long-term and remote, in diabetic patients or research is very challenging. Nonhuman primate (NHP) is an excellent model for metabolic research, because NHPs can naturally develop Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) similarly to humans. This study was to investigate blood glucose changes in conscious, moving-free cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) during circadian, meal, stress and drug exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood glucose, body temperature and physical activities were continuously and simultaneously recorded by implanted HD-XG telemetry device for up to 10 weeks...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316946/correlation-between-salivary-glucose-and-blood-glucose-and-the-implications-of-salivary-factors-on-the-oral-health-status-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#9
Kavitha A Puttaswamy, Jaishankar H Puttabudhi, Shashidara Raju
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate and assess any correlation between random capillary blood glucose (RCBG) and unstimulated whole salivary glucose (UWSG), as well as to estimate various salivary parameters, such as flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, and the influence of these factors on the oral health status in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty individuals suffering from type 2 DM and 40 healthy individuals in the age group of 30-60 years were included in the study...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303338/blood-glucose-kinetics-and-physiological-changes-in-a-type-1-diabetic-finisher-of-the-ultraman-triathlon-a-case-study
#10
Christopher W Bach, Daniel A Baur, William S Hyder, Michael J Ormsbee
PURPOSE: To investigate the blood glucose kinetics and physiological effects experienced by a type 1 diabetic (T1D) finisher of a 3-day, multi-stage ultra endurance triathlon consisting of a 10 km swim and 144.8 km bike (stage 1), a 275.4 km bike (stage 2), and an 84.4 km run (stage 3). METHODS: The athlete self-monitored blood glucose (SMBG) levels via fingerstick blood draw and hand-held glucometer. Researchers evaluated blood glucose kinetics via a continuous glucose monitoring device...
May 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219252/a-phlorotannin-constituent-of-ecklonia-cava-alleviates-postprandial-hyperglycemia-in-diabetic-mice
#11
Hyun-Ah Lee, Ji-Hyeok Lee, Ji-Sook Han
CONTEXT: 2,7″-Phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol is a type of phlorotannin isolated from brown algae, Ecklonia cava Kjellman (Phaeophyceae; Laminareaceae). 2,7″-Phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol mediates antioxidant activities. However, there has been no research on improving postprandial hyperglycaemia using 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the inhibitory effects of 2,7″-phloroglucinol-6,6'-bieckol on activities of α-glucosidase and α-amylase as well as its alleviating effect on postprandial hyperglycaemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104096/telemedicine-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Guixia Wang, Zhengyun Zhang, Yakun Feng, Lin Sun, Xianchao Xiao, Gang Wang, Yuan Gao, Huan Wang, Hong Zhang, Yufeng Deng, Chenglin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore a model of Internet-based integrated management of diabetes, we established a remote diabetes medical service platform (U-Healthcare) and evaluated its effectiveness and practicality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 212 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Data from the intervention group were automatically transmitted through a glucometer; furthermore, this group received information regarding medicines, diet, exercise and other management through U-Healthcare...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933508/patterns-of-diabetes-care-in-slovenia-croatia-serbia-bulgaria-and-romania-an-observational-non-interventional-cross-sectional-study
#13
Miro Cokolic, Nebojsa M Lalic, Dragan Micic, Gorana Mirosevic, Sanja Klobucar Majanovic, Ivaylo N Lefterov, Mariana Graur
BACKGROUND: National guidelines for treating type 2 diabetes in the Balkans generally follow European guidelines. The current study was undertaken to estimate the rate of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurements and level of HbA1c control in diabetic patients treated in regular clinical practice settings in the Balkans and to evaluate if providing HbA1c measurements improves adherence to treatment guidelines. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled type 2 diabetic patients treated by 79 primary care physicians and 102 specialists...
March 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758706/self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-eastern-nigeria-need-for-multi-strategic-interventions
#14
Ejiofor T Ugwu, Casmir Jg Orjioke, Ekenechukwu E Young
BACKGROUND: Self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a useful adjunct to lifestyle modification and medications for optimal management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). This study was aimed at evaluating the practice, cost and associations of SMBG in subjects with type 2 DM in Enugu, Nigeria. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey conducted at the diabetes clinic in three hospitals, 366 type 2 diabetic subjects aged 18-65 years were consecutively interviewed. Socio-demographic and clinical information were documented and glycated hemoglobin was performed for all the participants...
October 14, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730074/evaluation-of-accuracy-of-ambulatory-glucose-profile-in-an-outpatient-setting-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Anjana Hulse, Suahma Rai, K M Prasanna Kumar
BACKGROUND: In children with type 1 diabetes, intensive diabetes management has been demonstrated to reduce long-term microvascular complications. At present, self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) by patients at home and glycated hemoglobin estimation every 3 months are used to monitor glycemic control in children. Recently, ambulatory glucose profile (AGP) is increasingly being used to study the glycemic patterns in adults. However, accuracy and reliability of AGP in children have not been evaluated yet...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500913/does-reducing-basal-insulin-during-ramadan-fasting-by-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-decrease-the-risk-of-symptomatic-hypoglycemia
#16
Asma Deeb, Nabras Al Qahtani, Salima Attia, Hana Al Suwaidi, Nico Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: Ramadan fasting by patients with type 1 diabetes might predispose them to hypoglycemia. There are no data on the optimal way of adjusting basal insulin during fasting. We aim at studying whether reducing basal insulin during Ramadan reduces the frequency of symptomatic hypoglycemia. METHODS: We enrolled children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes who intended to fast during Ramadan. Logbooks were given to subjects to mark days fasted, symptomatic hypoglycemia, and dose of basal insulin on all days of Ramadan...
September 2016: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412955/formononetin-exhibits-anti-hyperglycemic-activity-in-alloxan-induced-type-1-diabetic-mice
#17
Guizhen Qiu, Wei Tian, Mei Huan, Jinlong Chen, Haitao Fu
The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-hyperglycemic activity and mechanism of formononetin in alloxan-induced type 1 diabetic mice by determining its effect on some diabetes-related indices as described below. Body weight, fasting blood glucose, hepatic glycogen, serum insulin, and serum glucagon were determined by electronic scales, glucometer, and ELISA kits. Fas, Caspase-3, pancreatic and duodenal homeobox-1 , insulin receptor substrate 2, glucokinase and glucose transporter 2, mRNA and proteins levels in pancreas tissue, and glucokinase and glucose-6-phosphatase mRNA, and proteins levels in liver tissue were detected by fluorogenic quantitative-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assays...
January 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356143/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-effect-of-topical-insulin-versus-normal-saline-in-pressure-ulcer-healing
#18
Shine Stephen, Meenakshi Agnihotri, Sukhpal Kaur
Insulin has been used in wound healing to increase wound collagen, granulation tissue, wound tensile strength, and local production of insulin-like growth factors by fibroblasts. Saline is a widely used irrigating and wound dressing solution. Patients admitted to an acute care facility who had a Grade 2 or Grade 3 pressure ulcer were recruited to participate in a randomized, controlled trial to compare the effect of normal saline-impregnated gauze and insulin dressing in pressure ulcer healing. Persons with immunodeficiency, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, osteomyelitis, and peripheral vascular illness were not eligible for the study...
June 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209482/correlation-among-hypoglycemia-glycemic-variability-and-c-peptide-preservation-after-alefacept-therapy-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-analysis-of-data-from-the-immune-tolerance-network-t1dal-trial
#19
Ashley Pinckney, Mark R Rigby, Lynette Keyes-Elstein, Carol L Soppe, Gerald T Nepom, Mario R Ehlers
PURPOSE: In natural history studies, maintenance of higher levels of C-peptide secretion (a measure of endogenous insulin production) correlates with a lower incidence of major hypoglycemic events in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D), but it is unclear whether this is also true for drug-induced C-peptide preservation. METHODS: We analyzed hypoglycemic events and glycemic control data from the T1DAL (Inducing Remission in New-Onset T1D with Alefacept) study, a trial of alefacept in new-onset T1D, which found significant C-peptide preservation at 1 and 2 years...
June 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190792/evaluation-of-protein-kinase-c%C3%AE-and-ppar%C3%AE-activity-in-diabetic-rats-supplemented-with-momordica-charantia
#20
Swetha Chandru, Prashant Vishwanath, Devananda Devegowda, Suresha Nagaraja Ramasamudra, Akila Prashant, Basavanagowdappa Hathur
INTRODUCTION: The present study was taken up to compare and evaluate the effect of Momordica charantia supplementation with pioglitazone on PKC-β and PPAR-γ activity in kidneys of diabetic rats. The hypoglycaemic and lipid lowering effect of Momordica charantia were screened in laboratory animal model and its potency was compared with a Thiazolidinedione (TZD) group antidiabetic drug like pioglitazone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult healthy albino rats of Wistar strain aged 3-4months, weighing between 170-250gm of either sex were divided into 4 groups; Group 1 (normal controls), Group 2 (diabetic controls), Group 3 (diabetic rats treated with pioglitazone) and Group 4 (diabetic rats treated with bitter melon juice)...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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