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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103844/genetic-risk-score-and-risk-of-stage-3-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Jiantao Ma, Qiong Yang, Shih-Jen Hwang, Caroline S Fox, Audrey Y Chu
BACKGROUND: We developed a genetic risk score (GRS) and examined whether the GRS may predict incident stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) independent of common clinical risk factors. METHOD: The present study included 2,698 individuals who attended the 15th (1977 to 1979) and the 24th exams (1995 to 1998) in the Framingham Original cohort or the 6th (1995 to 1998) and the 8th exams (2005 to 2008) in the Framingham Offspring cohort. A weighted GRS was constructed combining 53 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with lower creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101488/thyroid-function-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-cross-sectional-results-from-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-effect-of-adiposity-and-insulin-resistance
#2
Érique José F Peixoto de Miranda, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt, Itamar S Santos, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, but little information is available about its association with high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the association between SCH and hs-CRP using baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). METHODS: The study has a cross-sectional design. We included subjects with normal thyroid function (thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH, 0...
December 2016: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100427/the-possible-role-of-propofol-in-drug-induced-torsades-de-pointes-a-real-world-single-center-analysis
#3
Victor A Abrich, Harish Ramakrishna, Arjun Mehta, Farouk Mookadam, Komandoor Srivathsan
BACKGROUND: Torsades de pointes (TdP) is a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia associated with QT prolongation. Propofol is a sedative-anesthetic with proarrhythmic effects on cardiac myocytes. We performed a retrospective study to determine the incidence of TdP following propofol exposure at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN) from 08/11/1998-11/20/2015. METHODS: We queried our database using key search terms to identify patients exposed to propofol who developed TdP perioperatively or during non-surgical sedation...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095459/association-of-body-mass-index-with-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-in-blood-cells-and-relations-to-cardiometabolic-disease-a-mendelian-randomization-approach
#4
Michael M Mendelson, Riccardo E Marioni, Roby Joehanes, Chunyu Liu, Åsa K Hedman, Stella Aslibekyan, Ellen W Demerath, Weihua Guan, Degui Zhi, Chen Yao, Tianxiao Huan, Christine Willinger, Brian Chen, Paul Courchesne, Michael Multhaup, Marguerite R Irvin, Ariella Cohain, Eric E Schadt, Megan L Grove, Jan Bressler, Kari North, Johan Sundström, Stefan Gustafsson, Sonia Shah, Allan F McRae, Sarah E Harris, Jude Gibson, Paul Redmond, Janie Corley, Lee Murphy, John M Starr, Erica Kleinbrink, Leonard Lipovich, Peter M Visscher, Naomi R Wray, Ronald M Krauss, Daniele Fallin, Andrew Feinberg, Devin M Absher, Myriam Fornage, James S Pankow, Lars Lind, Caroline Fox, Erik Ingelsson, Donna K Arnett, Eric Boerwinkle, Liming Liang, Daniel Levy, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: The link between DNA methylation, obesity, and adiposity-related diseases in the general population remains uncertain. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted an association study of body mass index (BMI) and differential methylation for over 400,000 CpGs assayed by microarray in whole-blood-derived DNA from 3,743 participants in the Framingham Heart Study and the Lothian Birth Cohorts, with independent replication in three external cohorts of 4,055 participants...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093417/cardiovascular-risk-of-patients-with-gout-seen-at-rheumatology-clinics-following-a-structured-assessment
#5
Mariano Andrés, José Antonio Bernal, Francisca Sivera, Neus Quilis, Loreto Carmona, Paloma Vela, Eliseo Pascual
OBJECTIVES: Gout-associated cardiovascular (CV) risk relates to comorbidities and crystal-led inflammation. The aim was to estimate the CV risk by prediction tools in new patients with gout and to assess whether ultrasonographic carotid changes are present in patients without high CV risk. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Consecutive new patients with crystal-proven gout underwent a structured CV consultation, including CV events, risk factors and two risk prediction tools-the Systematic COronary Evaluation (SCORE) and the Framingham Heart Study (FHS)...
January 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092245/-effect-of-the-diabetimss-program-on-cardiovascular-risk-blood-pressure-and-hdl-cholesterol-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Miguel Angel Mendoza-Romo, Juan Felipe Montes-Acuña, Gad Gamed Zavala-Cruz, Rafael Natividad Nieva-de Jesús, María Cleofas Ramírez-Arreola, Héctor Jesús Andrade-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of the DiabetIMSS program on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure and HDL cholesterol in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Quasi-experimental intervention study. Non-probabilistic convenience sampling. 35 subjects in the educational strategy one year were included. The following variables were collected: age, gender, smoking, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure; cardiovascular risk calculator based on Framingham is calculated...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087832/comparison-of-cardiovascular-risk-algorithms-in-patients-with-vs-without-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-the-role-of-c-reactive-protein-in-predicting-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
Evo Alemao, Hélène Cawston, François Bourhis, Maiwenn Al, Maureen Rutten-van Molken, Katherine P Liao, Daniel H Solomon
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to compare the performance of cardiovascular risk calculators, Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and QRISK2, in RA and matched non-RA patients and to evaluate whether their performance could be enhanced by the addition of CRP. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis, using a clinical practice data set linked to Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data from the UK. Patients presenting with at least one RA diagnosis code and no prior cardiovascular events were matched to non-RA patients using disease risk scores...
January 12, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081215/genome-wide-association-studies-of-multiple-keratinocyte-cancers
#8
Luba M Pardo, Wen-Qing Li, Shih-Jen Hwang, Joris A C Verkouteren, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Kraft, Constance Turman, Jiali Han, Eunyoung Cho, Joanne M Murabito, Daniel Levy, Abrar A Qureshi, Tamar Nijsten
There is strong evidence for a role of environmental risk factors involved in susceptibility to develop multiple keratinocyte cancers (mKCs), but whether genes are also involved in mKCs susceptibility has not been thoroughly investigated. We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with susceptibility for mKCs. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 1,666 cases with mKCs and 1,950 cases with single KC (sKCs; controls) from Harvard cohorts (the Nurses' Health Study [NHS], NHS II, and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study) and the Framingham Heart Study was carried-out using over 8 million SNPs (stage-1)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079182/physical-health-indicators-improve-prediction-of-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-a-national-population-based-study
#9
Wei-Ju Lee, Li-Ning Peng, Shu-Ti Chiou, Liang-Kung Chen
The effectiveness of established methods for stratifying cardiovascular risk, for example, the Framingham risk score (FRS), may be improved by adding extra variables. This study evaluated the potential benefits of adding physical health indicators (handgrip strength, walking speed, and peak expiratory flow) to the FRS in predicting cardiovascular and all-cause mortality by using a nationwide population-based cohort study data. During median follow-up of 4.1 years, 67 of 911 study subjects had died. In Cox regression analysis, all additional physical health indicators, except walking speed, significantly predicted cardiovascular and all-cause mortality (P < 0...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078510/relationship-between-framingham-risk-score-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-carotid-plaques-an-in-vivo-study-using-multi-contrast-mri
#10
Feiyu Li, Xiaoying Wang
The assessment and management of early-stage atherosclerosis are important for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this study, we used multi-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the carotid plaque feature in asymptomatic, at-risk subjects; we also evaluated the correlation between MRI findings and Framingham risk score (FRS). One hundred sixty-six asymptomatic individuals with risk factors for CVD underwent multi-contrast MRI. After the arterial morphology and plaque components were outlined, the differences in carotid plaque burden among the various risk categories were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074153/effects-of-metabolic-syndrome-on-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity
#11
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Woo-Baek Chung, Yun-Seok Choi, Jong-Min Lee, Chul-Soo Park, Hae-Ok Jung, Hui-Kyung Jeon, Man-Young Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the value and evaluate the validity of non-invasive methods for the detection of vascular stiffness in never-treated individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: A total of 59 subjects (mean age, 60 ± 12 years; male:female = 35:24) were enrolled in the study and were categorized into the positive MetS (MetS[+]: N = 32) and negative group (MetS[-]: N = 27), according to the parameters set by the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel III...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069573/relations-between-aortic-stiffness-and-left-ventricular-mechanical-function-in-the-community
#12
Vanessa Bell, Elizabeth L McCabe, Martin G Larson, Jian Rong, Allison A Merz, Ewa Osypiuk, Birgitta T Lehman, Plamen Stantchev, Jayashri Aragam, Emelia J Benjamin, Naomi M Hamburg, Ramachandran S Vasan, Gary F Mitchell, Susan Cheng
BACKGROUND: Aortic stiffness impairs optimal ventricular-vascular coupling and left ventricular systolic function, particularly in the long axis. Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS) has recently emerged as a sensitive measure of early cardiac dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the relation between aortic stiffness and GLS in a large community-based sample. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2495 participants (age 39-90 years, 57% women) of the Framingham Offspring and Omni cohorts, free of cardiovascular disease, we performed tonometry to measure arterial hemodynamics and echocardiography to assess cardiac function...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067321/methylome-wide-association-study-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-framingham-heart-study
#13
Honghuang Lin, Xiaoyan Yin, Zhijun Xie, Kathryn L Lunetta, Steven A Lubitz, Martin G Larson, Darae Ko, Jared W Magnani, Michael M Mendelson, Chunyu Liu, David D McManus, Daniel Levy, Patrick T Ellinor, Emelia J Benjamin
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms associated with AF arrhythmogenesis. DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mechanism that regulates gene expression and downstream biological processes. We hypothesize that DNA methylation might play an important role in the susceptibility to develop AF. A total of 2,639 participants from the Offspring Cohort of Framingham Heart Study were enrolled in the current study. These participants included 183 participants with prevalent AF and 220 with incident AF during up to 9 years follow up...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065488/utility-of-normal-findings-on-electrocardiogram-and-echocardiogram-in-subjects-%C3%A2-65%C3%A2-years
#14
Sanjay Venkatesh, Wesley T O'Neal, Stephen T Broughton, Amit J Shah, Elsayed Z Soliman
The lack of abnormalities found on noninvasive cardiac testing possibly improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk stratification efforts and conveys reduced risk despite the presence of traditional risk factors. This analysis included 3,805 (95% white and 61% women) participants from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) without baseline CVD. The combination of a normal electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram was assessed for the development of CVD. A normal ECG was defined as the absence of major or minor Minnesota code abnormalities...
December 18, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064231/effects-of-therapy-with-maraviroc-on-the-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-1-hcv-co-infected-patients
#15
Paolo Maggi, Giuseppe Bruno, Francesco Perilli, Annalisa Saracino, Anna Volpe, Carmen Santoro, Nicoletta Ladisa, Gioacchino Angarano
AIM: To evaluate, in human immunodeficiency virus-hepatitis C virus co-infected patients, the impact of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) antagonist maraviroc-based antiretroviral therapy on the carotid intima media thickness and on atheromasic plaques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this pilot prospective study, 12 HIV-HCV co-infected patients underwent color-Doppler ultrasonography before and 48 weeks after switching to a dual therapy based on maraviroc plus protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir...
January 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063515/the-benefits-of-%C3%AF-3-supplementation-depend-on-adiponectin-basal-level-and-adiponectin-increase-after-the-supplementation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Milena Maria de Araújo Lima Barbosa, Alexandra Lorenzzi Trinanes Raposo de Melo, Nágila Raquel Teixeira Damasceno
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze whether ω-3 supplementation improves cardiometabolic profile in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors and to determine the effect of adiponectin levels on these changes. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-mo clinical trial, we randomized 80 individuals of both sexes (mean age 52 y) with at least one cardiovascular risk factor (excess weight, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, or smoking) into two groups: ω-3 (supplemented with 3 g/d of fish oil containing 37% eicosapentaenoic acid and 23% docosahexaenoic acid) and placebo (3 g/d of sunflower oil containing 65% linoleic acid)...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062624/plasma-n-terminal-prosomatostatin-and-risk-of-incident-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-prospective-observational-cohort-the-prevend-study
#17
Ali Abbasi, Lyanne M Kieneker, Eva Corpeleijn, Ron T Gansevoort, Rijk O B Gans, Joachim Struck, Rudolf A de Boer, Hans L Hillege, Ronald P Stolk, Gerjan Navis, Stephan J L Bakker
BACKGROUND: Somatostatin is a component of the well-known insulin-like growth factor-1/growth hormone (GH) longevity axis. There is observational evidence that increased GH is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate the potential association of plasma N-terminal fragment prosomatostatin (NT-proSST) with incident CVD and all-cause mortality in apparently healthy adults. METHODS: We studied 8134 participants without history of CVD (aged 28-75 years; women, 52...
January 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062468/comparison-of-self-perceived-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-smokers-with-framingham-and-procam-scores-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-baseline-data-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Benoît Desgraz, Tinh-Hai Collet, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacques Cornuz, Carole Clair
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies suggest that smokers have a misperception of their 10-year cardiovascular risk. We aimed to compare 10-year cardiovascular risk self-perception and calculated risk among smokers willing to quit and assess the determinants of a possible misperception. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of baseline data from a randomised controlled trial of smoking cessation. PARTICIPANTS: 514 participants, mean age 51.1 years, 46% women, 98% Caucasian...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058805/biomarker-signatures-of-aging
#19
Paola Sebastiani, Bharat Thyagarajan, Fangui Sun, Nicole Schupf, Anne B Newman, Monty Montano, Thomas T Perls
Because people age differently, age is not a sufficient marker of susceptibility to disabilities, morbidities, and mortality. We measured nineteen blood biomarkers that include constituents of standard hematological measures, lipid biomarkers, and markers of inflammation and frailty in 4704 participants of the Long Life Family Study (LLFS), age range 30-110 years, and used an agglomerative algorithm to group LLFS participants into clusters thus yielding 26 different biomarker signatures. To test whether these signatures were associated with differences in biological aging, we correlated them with longitudinal changes in physiological functions and incident risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and mortality using longitudinal data collected in the LLFS...
January 6, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058053/survival-regression-modeling-strategies-in-cvd-prediction
#20
Mahnaz Barkhordari, Mojgan Padyab, Mahsa Sardarinia, Farzad Hadaegh, Fereidoun Azizi, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh
BACKGROUND: A fundamental part of prevention is prediction. Potential predictors are the sine qua non of prediction models. However, whether incorporating novel predictors to prediction models could be directly translated to added predictive value remains an area of dispute. The difference between the predictive power of a predictive model with (enhanced model) and without (baseline model) a certain predictor is generally regarded as an indicator of the predictive value added by that predictor...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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