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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531301/a-political-case-of-penetrating-cranial-trauma-the-injury-of-james-scott-brady
#1
Richard Menger, Piyush Kalakoti, Rimal Hanif, Osama Ahmed, Anil Nanda, Bharat Guthikonda
James Brady, the White House press secretary during President Ronald Reagan's first term in office, was 1 of 4 people (including the President) wounded during an attempted assassination attempt on President Reagan's life on March 30, 1981. John Hinckley, Jr. was found not guilty of this attempt by reason of insanity. The assassination attempt was a ploy by Hinckley, Jr. to impress the actress Jodie Foster. Brady was the most seriously injured of the 4 who were wounded. He suffered a gunshot wound to the left forehead that traveled through the left frontal lobe, corpus callosum, and then into the right frontal and temporal lobes...
May 22, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526047/the-paradigm-of-eave-tubes-scaling-up-house-improvement-and-optimizing-insecticide-delivery-against-disease-transmitting-mosquitoes
#2
Fredros Okumu
Control of mosquito-borne diseases is greatly compromised by spread of insecticide resistance, high implementation costs and sub-optimal compliance among users. Improved housing has potential to reduce malaria transmission nearly as much as long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs), while also preventing other arthropod-borne diseases and improving overall well-being. Yet, it is hardly promoted as mainstream intervention, partly because of high costs, minimal communal benefits to people in non-improved houses, and low scalability...
May 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525991/correcting-for-day-of-the-week-and-public-holiday-effects-improving-a-national-daily-syndromic-surveillance-service-for-detecting-public-health-threats
#3
Elizabeth Buckingham-Jeffery, Roger Morbey, Thomas House, Alex J Elliot, Sally Harcourt, Gillian E Smith
BACKGROUND: As service provision and patient behaviour varies by day, healthcare data used for public health surveillance can exhibit large day of the week effects. These regular effects are further complicated by the impact of public holidays. Real-time syndromic surveillance requires the daily analysis of a range of healthcare data sources, including family doctor consultations (called general practitioners, or GPs, in the UK). Failure to adjust for such reporting biases during analysis of syndromic GP surveillance data could lead to misinterpretations including false alarms or delays in the detection of outbreaks...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472461/patient-reported-impact-of-after-hours-house-call-services-on-the-utilization-of-emergency-department-services-in-australia
#4
Chris O Ifediora, Gary D Rogers
Objectives.: This paper explores, from the patients' perspective, the likely impact of the Australian after-hours house-call (AHHC) medical services on emergency department (ED) presentations. This has become imperative given the significant cost difference between patient presentations to either the AHHC or ED and their practical implications for health care funding. Design, setting and participants.: A cross-sectional, self-reported survey of all 10 838 patients in Australia known to have patronized AHHC services over the last week of January 2016...
May 2, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464935/provision-of-peer-specialist-services-in-va-patient-aligned-care-teams-protocol-for-testing-a-cluster-randomized-implementation-trial
#5
Matthew Chinman, Karin Daniels, Jeff Smith, Sharon McCarthy, Deborah Medoff, Amanda Peeples, Richard Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Over 1100 Veterans work in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) as peer specialists (PSs). PSs are Veterans with formal training who provide support to other Veterans with similar diagnoses, primarily in mental health settings. A White House Executive Action mandated the pilot reassignment of VHA PSs from mental health to 25 primary care Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACT) in order to broaden the provision of wellness services that can address many chronic illnesses. An evaluation of this initiative was undertaken to assess the impact of outside assistance on the deployment of PS in PACT, as implementation support is often needed to prevent challenges commonly experienced when first deploying PSs in VHA settings...
May 2, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462028/the-determinants-and-engagement-patterns-of-chaperones-and-chauffeurs-by-australian-doctors-in-after-hours-house-call-services
#6
Chris Onyebuchi Ifediora
OBJECTIVES: The use of escorts (chauffeurs and chaperones) while on duty in after-hours-house-call (AHHC) is one key protective option available to doctors in the service, and has been linked to low burnout and increased satisfaction in AHHC. This study aims to explore the patterns of engagement of escorts in Australian AHHC. METHOD: This is a questionnaire-based, electronic survey of all 300 doctors involved in AHHC through the National Home Doctor Service (NHDS), Australia's largest providers of the service...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458558/impact-of-around-the-clock-in-house-cardiology-fellow-coverage-on-door-to-balloon-time-in-an-academic-medical-center
#7
Luke C Kohan, Vijaiganesh Nagarajan, Michael A Millard, Michael J Loguidice, Nancy M Fauber, Ellen C Keeley
OBJECTIVES: To assess if a change in our cardiology fellowship program impacted our ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) program. BACKGROUND: Fellows covering the cardiac care unit were spending excessive hours in the hospital while on call, resulting in increased duty hours violations. A night float fellow system was started on July 1, 2012, allowing the cardiac care unit fellow to sign out to a night float fellow at 5:30 pm. The night float fellow remained in-house until the morning...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458058/sanitary-evaluation-of-domestic-water-supply-facilities-with-storage-tanks-and-detection-of-aeromonas-enteric-and-related-bacteria-in-domestic-water-facilities-in-okinawa-prefecture-of-japan
#8
Kazufumi Miyagi, Kouichi Sano, Itaru Hirai
To provide for temporary restrictions of the public water supply system, storage tanks are commonly installed in the domestic water systems of houses and apartment buildings in Okinawa Prefecture of Japan. To learn more about the sanitary condition and management of these water supply facilities with storage tanks (hereafter called "storage tank water systems") and the extent of bacterial contamination of water from these facilities, we investigated their usage and the existence of Aeromonas, enteric and related bacteria...
April 5, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448549/there-was-not-they-did-not-may-negation-cause-the-negated-ideas-to-be-remembered-as-existing
#9
Józef Maciuszek, Romuald Polczyk
In this article we demonstrate that negation of ideas can have paradoxical effects, possibly leading the listener to believe that the negated ideas actually existed. In Experiment 1, participants listened to a description of a house, in which some objects were mentioned, some were negated, and some were not mentioned at all. When questioned about the existence of these objects a week later, the participants gave more false positives for items that were negated in the original material than for items that were not mentioned at all, an effect we call negation related false memories (NRFM)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448353/newscap-nps-made-more-house-calls-to-medicare-patients-in-2013-than-all-other-providers-delivering-primary-health-care
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441208/the-modern-iteration-of-the-house-call
#11
Brian Kwan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441127/physician-recruitment-and-retention-in-manitoba-results-from-a-survey-of-physicians-preferences-for-rural-jobs
#12
Julia Witt
INTRODUCTION: Rural recruitment and retention continues to present challenges to health workforce planners. This paper reports and analyzes the results of a survey sent to physicians in Manitoba, eliciting their opinions regarding rural jobs. METHODS: A survey was sent to all physicians in Manitoba. Part 1 of the survey included questions about background and demographic information; part 2 was a set of job satisfaction questions regarding respondents' current job; and part 3 included 2 sets of stated-choice questions eliciting preferences for a set of attributes relevant to rural recruitment and retention...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438642/diagnostic-microarray-for-14-water-and-foodborne-pathogens-using-a-flatbed-scanner
#13
Vidya Srinivasan, Robert D Stedtfeld, Dieter M Tourlousse, Samuel W Baushke, Yu Xin, Sarah M Miller, Trinh Pham, Jean-Marie Rouillard, Erdogan Gulari, James M Tiedje, Syed A Hashsham
Parallel detection approaches are of interest to many researchers interested in identifying multiple water and foodborne pathogens simultaneously. Availability and cost-effectiveness are two key factors determining the usefulness of such approaches for laboratories with limited resources. In this study, we developed and validated a high-density microarray for simultaneous screening of 14 bacterial pathogens using an approach that employs gold labeling with silver enhancement (GLS) protocol. In total, 8887 probes (50-mer) were designed using an in-house database of virulence and marker genes (VMGs), and synthesized in quadruplicate on glass slides using an in-situ synthesis technology...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421180/usability-evaluations-of-a-wearable-inertial-sensing-system-and-quality-of-movement-metrics-for-stroke-survivors-by-care-professionals
#14
Bart Klaassen, Bert-Jan F van Beijnum, Jeremia P Held, Jasper Reenalda, Fokke B van Meulen, Peter H Veltink, Hermie J Hermens
BACKGROUND: Inertial motion capture systems are used in many applications such as measuring the movement quality in stroke survivors. The absence of clinical effectiveness and usability evidence in these assistive technologies into rehabilitation has delayed the transition of research into clinical practice. Recently, a new inertial motion capture system was developed in a project, called INTERACTION, to objectively measure the quality of movement (QoM) in stroke survivors during daily-life activity...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418835/costs-and-effectiveness-of-treating-homeless-persons-with-cocaine-addiction-with-alternative-contingency-management-strategies
#15
Stephen T Mennemeyer, Joseph E Schumacher, Jesse B Milby, Dennis Wallace
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2006 in Birmingham, Alabama USA, 4 separate randomized controlled studies, called "Homeless 1" through "Homeless 4", treated cocaine substance abuse among chronically homeless adults, largely black men, many with non-psychotic mental health problems. The 4 studies had 9 treatment arms that used various counseling methods plus, in some arms, the provision of housing and work therapy usually with a contingent requirement of urine-test verified abstinence from substances...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410391/cilia-and-sensory-signaling-the-journey-from-animalcules-to-human-disease
#16
Piali Sengupta
Nearly all cell types in mammals contain cilia, small rod-like or more elaborate structures that extend from the cell surface. Cilia house signaling proteins that allow the cell to sample their environment and respond appropriately. Mutations in ciliary genes alter the functions of a broad range of cell and tissue types, including sensory and central neurons, and underlie a collection of heterogeneous human disorders called ciliopathies. Here, I highlight the critical contributions of nearly three centuries of research in diverse organisms to our current knowledge of cilia function in sensory signaling and human disease...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409485/cohesion-network-analysis-of-cscl-participation
#17
Mihai Dascalu, Danielle S McNamara, Stefan Trausan-Matu, Laura K Allen
The broad use of computer-supported collaborative-learning (CSCL) environments (e.g., instant messenger-chats, forums, blogs in online communities, and massive open online courses) calls for automated tools to support tutors in the time-consuming process of analyzing collaborative conversations. In this article, the authors propose and validate the cohesion network analysis (CNA) model, housed within the ReaderBench platform. CNA, grounded in theories of cohesion, dialogism, and polyphony, is similar to social network analysis (SNA), but it also considers text content and discourse structure and, uniquely, uses automated cohesion indices to generate the underlying discourse representation...
April 13, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405385/cranial-arterial-patterns-of-the-alpaca-camelidae-vicugna-pacos
#18
Haley D O'Brien
Artiodactyl cranial arterial patterns deviate significantly from the standard mammalian pattern, most notably in the possession of a structure called the carotid rete (CR)-a subdural arterial meshwork that is housed within the cavernous venous sinus, replacing the internal carotid artery (ICA). This relationship between the CR and the cavernous sinus facilitates a suite of unique physiologies, including selective brain cooling. The CR has been studied in a number of artiodactyls; however, to my knowledge, only a single study to date documents a subset of the cranial arteries of New World camelids (llamas, alpacas, vicugñas and guanacoes)...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404677/comparison-of-two-whole-genome-sequencing-methods-for-analysis-of-three-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-outbreaks
#19
Scott A Cunningham, Nicholas Chia, Patricio R Jeraldo, Daniel J Quest, Julie A Johnson, Dave J Boxrud, Angela J Taylor, Jun Chen, Gregory D Jenkins, Travis M Drucker, Heidi Nelson, Robin Patel
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) can provide excellent resolution in global and local epidemiological investigations of Staphylococcus aureus outbreaks. A variety of sequencing approaches and analytical tools have been used; it is not clear which is ideal. We compared two WGS strategies and two analytical approaches to the standard method of SmaI restriction digestion pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) for typing S. aureus Forty-two S. aureus isolates from three outbreaks and 12 reference isolates were studied...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395349/examining-the-usefulness-of-iso-10819-anti-vibration-glove-certification
#20
Diandra Budd, Ron House
Anti-vibration gloves are commonly worn to reduce hand-arm vibration exposure from work with hand-held vibrating tools when higher priority and more effective controls are unavailable. For gloves to be marketed as 'anti-vibration' they must meet the vibration transmissibility criteria described in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard 10819 (2013). Several issues exist with respect to the methodology used for glove testing as well as the requirements for glove design and composition in ISO 10819 (2013)...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
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