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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777749/burden-of-liver-disease-in-europe-epidemiology-and-analysis-of-risk-factors-to-identify-prevention-policies
#1
REVIEW
Laura Pimpin, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Francesco Negro, Emily Corbould, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Laura Webber, Nick Sheron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The burden of liver disease in Europe continues to grow. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of liver diseases and their risk factors in European countries, and identify public health interventions that could impact on these risk factors to reduce the burden of liver disease. METHODS: As part of the HEPAHEALTH project, commissioned by EASL, we extracted information on historical and current prevalence and mortality from national and international literature and databases on liver disease in 35 countries in the WHO European region, as well as historical and recent prevalence data on their main determinants; alcohol consumption, obesity and hepatitis B and C virus infections...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777245/growth-assessment-and-monitoring-during-childhood
#2
Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Marion Margaret Hy Aw
Growth is an indicator of the health and nutritional status of infants and children. Health organisations and professionals worldwide advocate monitoring the growth of children with the primary aim of identifying and preventing malnutrition and/or obesity. Growth monitoring should be part of every health care consultation for children. However, physicians during health care consultations are often so busy addressing acute health issues, that they miss the opportunity to monitor the child's growth and provide anticipatory guidance...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776476/institute-of-medicine-early-infant-feeding-recommendations-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-implementation-by-immigrant-mothers-from-central-america
#3
Kathleen F Gaffney, Albert V Brito, Panagiota Kitsantas, Deborah A Kermer, Graciela Pereddo, Katya M Ramos
PURPOSES: Describe implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) early infant feeding recommendations for child obesity prevention by immigrant mothers from Central America; examine potential relationships with food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 318 mothers of 2month old infants at a large pediatric setting for low income families. Logistic regression models assessed feeding practices, food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774708/-communicating-data-of-the-italian-ninfea-birth-cohort
#4
Lorenzo Richiardi, Maja Popovic, Daniela Zugna, Franca Rusconi, Franco Merletti, Costanza Pizzi
"In March 2016, the website of the NINFEA project (an Internet-based cohort set up to investigate the effects of exposures acting early in life) was enriched with the section «Data», which reports aggregated data for selected variables of the cohort. This article discusses the rationale for this new section, available data and their possible uses are described, and some results are compared with figures accessible from surveillance studies. The Italian birth cohort NINFEA includes 7,500 pregnant women, recruited through the Internet from 2005 to June 2016, and of their children, followed up with repeated questionnaires...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771333/multiple-comorbid-conditions-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-academic-performance-in-urban-children-with-asthma
#5
Katharine C Reynolds, Julie Boergers, Sheryl J Kopel, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell
Objective: Common comorbid medical conditions including allergic rhinitis (AR), obesity, and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) have been linked with asthma exacerbations; however, these conditions also impact sleep and academic functioning. The current study sought to examine unique and combined associations of these common comorbidities on sleep and academic performance among urban minority children with persistent asthma. We expected additional comorbid diagnoses would be associated with poorer sleep and academic functioning...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#6
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#7
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765163/polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-at-birth-childhood-growth-and-cardiometabolic-risk-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-mefab-and-rhea-cohorts
#8
Nikos Stratakis, Marij Gielen, Katerina Margetaki, Renate H M de Groot, Maria Apostolaki, Georgia Chalkiadaki, Marina Vafeiadi, Vasiliki Leventakou, Marianna Karachaliou, Roger W Godschalk, Manolis Kogevinas, Euripides G Stephanou, Maurice P Zeegers, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status during pregnancy has been suggested to influence offspring obesity and cardiometabolic health. We assessed whether prenatal PUFA exposure is associated with rapid infant growth, childhood BMI, and cardiometabolic profile. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Dutch MEFAB (n = 266) and Greek RHEA (n = 263) cohorts, we measured n-3 and n-6 PUFA concentrations in cord blood phospholipids, which reflect fetal exposure in late pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764530/influence-of-maternal-adiposity-preterm-birth-and-birth-weight-centiles-on-early-childhood-obesity-in-an-indigenous-australian-pregnancy-through-to-early-childhood-cohort-study
#9
K G Pringle, Y Q Lee, L Weatherall, L Keogh, C Diehm, C T Roberts, S Eades, A Brown, R Smith, E R Lumbers, L J Brown, C E Collins, K M Rae
Childhood obesity rates are higher among Indigenous compared with non-Indigenous Australian children. It has been hypothesized that early-life influences beginning with the intrauterine environment predict the development of obesity in the offspring. The aim of this paper was to assess, in 227 mother-child dyads from the Gomeroi gaaynggal cohort, associations between prematurity, Gestation Related-Optimal Weight (GROW) centiles, maternal adiposity (percentage body fat, visceral fat area), maternal non-fasting plasma glucose levels (measured at mean gestational age of 23...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762532/pregnancy-trimester-specific-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-child-respiratory-health-outcomes-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-effect-modification-by-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi
#10
Shu-E Soh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yap-Seng Chong
Prenatal exposure to air pollution is associated with childhood respiratory health; however, no previous studies have examined maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as a potential effect modifier. We investigated whether maternal pre-pregnancy BMI modified the association of trimester-specific air pollution divided into quartiles of exposure (Q1⁻4) on respiratory health in the Growing Up in Singapore towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study ( n = 953) in 2-year-old children. For episodes of wheezing, children of overweight/obese mothers and who were exposed to particulate matter less than 2...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759068/childhood-retinol-binding-protein-4-rbp4-levels-predicting-the-10-year-risk-of-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome-the-bcams-study
#11
Ge Li, Issy C Esangbedo, Lu Xu, Junling Fu, Lujiao Li, Dan Feng, Lanwen Han, Xinhua Xiao, Mingyao Li, Jie Mi, Ming Li, Shan Gao, Steven M Willi
BACKGROUND: Elevated retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels may contribute to the development of metabolic abnormalities, but prospective studies evaluating the association between childhood RBP4 levels and metabolic syndrome (MS) in adulthood are lacking. We investigated whether RBP4 levels during childhood predict cardiometabolic risk at 10-year follow-up. METHODS: The relationships between RBP4 levels, the established adipokines (leptin and adiponectin) and the components of MS were examined in 3445 school-aged children recruited in 2004 for the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study...
May 14, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757941/exploring-how-the-home-environment-influences-eating-and-physical-activity-habits-of-low-income-latino-children-of-predominantly-immigrant-families-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Faith D Lees, Mary L Greaney
Latinos are the largest and fastest growing minority population group in the United States, and children in low-income Latino families are at elevated risk of becoming overweight or having obesity. A child’s home is an important social environment in which he/she develops and maintains dietary and physical activity (PA) habits that ultimately impact weight status. Previous research suggests the parents are central to creating a home environment that facilitates or hinders the development of children’s early healthy eating and PA habits...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757927/association-between-actual-and-perceived-obesity-weaker-among-black-than-white-children
#13
Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Shervin Assari
Although actual obesity is expected to be associated with perceived overweight, some recent studies in adults have suggested that this link may be smaller for Blacks than Whites. It is unknown, however, whether the same trend holds for children or not. This study explored the heterogeneity of the association between actual and perceived obesity in a national sample of American children by race, gender, and their intersection. Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2009⁻2010, is a national study of children 17 years or less in the United States...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756984/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-obesity-in-children-s-meta-analyses-reaching-wrong-answers-for-right-questions
#14
Mariela Nissensohn, Daniel Fuentes Lugo, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Recent studies assert that sugar-containing drinks may play a key role in the etiology of obesity. However, scientific reviews show contradictory results. Whether there is just association or clear causation still is a matter of debate. It is also subject to discussion whether the quality/adequacy of the different studies may influence their outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the most recent scientific evidence focused on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and child obesity and to further analyze the adequacy of the meta-analyses in terms of their results, with special emphasis in the methodology, clarity and transparence of their procedures...
April 4, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754863/relationships-of-anxiety-and-depression-with-cardiovascular-health-in-youth-with-normal-weight-to-severe-obesity
#15
Amy C Gross, Alexander M Kaizer, Justin R Ryder, Claudia K Fox, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Aaron S Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships of depression and anxiety symptoms with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and measures of vascular health in youth. Major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are considered CVD risk factors in youth. STUDY DESIGN: Participants (n = 202) were 8- to 18-year-olds from a cross-sectional study evaluating cardiovascular health across a wide range of body mass index values (normal weight to severe obesity). CVD risk measurement included blood pressure, fasting lipids, glucose, insulin, carotid artery intima-media thickness, compliance and distensibility, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation, carotid-radial artery pulse wave velocity, body fat percentage, and a metabolic syndrome cluster score...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754459/metabolism-obesity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#16
EDITORIAL
Pontus B Persson, Anja Bondke Persson
The current obesity epidemic has not only spread from Western to developing economies, but is affecting ever younger individuals. While oftentimes blamed on a slow metabolism or a hereditary component, one might consider whether family recipes and dietary habits are hereditary to a much higher degree than slow metabolism or big bones could ever be. Education is critical, so how do we explain metabolism to a layman, e.g. a parent of an obese child? - Metabolism denotes all the processes, which turn nutrients from our food into energy...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751757/assessment-of-the-knowledge-and-attitude-of-infants-mothers-from-bushehr-iran-on-food-security-using-anthropometric-indicators-in-2016-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sedigheh Yeganeh, Niloofar Motamed, Saeid NajafpourBoushehri, Maryam Ravanipour
BACKGROUND: Among the main elements of food security, in terms of food usage, are knowledge and attitude. These are particularly important during the initial two years of a child's life. The present study was conducted in 2016 and aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of infants' mothers from Bushehr (Iran) towards food security using anthropometric indicators. METHODS: The present cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study was performed on 400 mothers of children aged 1-2 years in Bushehr, Iran...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750675/maternal-pre-pregnancy-weight-status-and-adolescent-eating-disorder-behaviors-a-longitudinal-study-of-risk-pathways
#18
Nadia Micali, Rhian M Daniel, George B Ploubidis, Bianca L De Stavola
BACKGROUND: Maternal characteristics and childhood growth have been identified as risk factors for eating disorders. Most studies to date have been unable to investigate these factors prospectively while accounting for their interdependencies. We address this by investigating whether the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (ppBMI) with adolescent eating disorder behaviors can be explained by childhood growth and/or a concurrent environmental pathway captured by maternal eating habits...
May 10, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748661/one-child-policy-weight-status-lifestyles-and-parental-concerns-in-chinese-children-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Li Cai, Lizi Lin, Meixia Dai, Yajun Chen, Xiuhong Li, Jun Ma, Jin Jing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: China's one-child policy has been in place for 35 years, yet its impact on the differences of weight status including thinness and overweight/obesity, lifestyles, and parental concerns between only children (OC) and non-only children (NOC) were seldom discussed. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 62,444 children aged 6-17 years were recruited in 2013. Thinness and overweight/obesity were calculated from anthropometric measurements. Information on dietary consumption, dietary behaviors, physical activities (PA)-related behaviors, and parental concerns were obtained via questionnaires...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748660/the-association-of-problematic-eating-behaviours-with-food-quality-and-body-mass-index-at-7-years-of-age
#20
Sara Costa, Andreia Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, Andreia Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is scarce evidence of how certain eating behaviours compromise the compliance with dietary guidelines and weight status in school-aged children. This study aims to evaluate the association of children's problematic eating behaviours with food quality and body mass index at 7 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were children aged 7 years old from a population-based cohort study from Porto, Portugal-Generation XXI. Children's quantity and speed of ingestion, food refusal at the table and food rewards requesting were evaluated by caregiver's perception...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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