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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212827/longitudinal-associations-between-maternal-feeding-and-overweight-in-low-income-toddlers
#1
Julie C Lumeng, Niko Kaciroti, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Alison L Miller
Maternal feeding is a frequent intervention target for the prevention of early childhood obesity but longitudinal associations between feeding and child overweight are poorly understood. This observational cohort study sought to examine the cross-lagged associations between maternal feeding and overweight across ages 21, 27, and 33 months. Feeding was measured by maternal self-report (n = 222) at each age. Child weight and length were measured. Cross-lagged analysis was used to evaluate longitudinal associations between feeding and overweight, adjusting for infant birth weight, maternal body mass index, maternal education, and maternal depressive symptoms...
February 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209703/determining-rates-of-overweight-and-obese-status-in-children-using-electronic-medical-records-cross-sectional-study
#2
Catherine S Birken, Karen Tu, William Oud, Sarah Carsley, Miranda Hanna, Gerald Lebovic, Astrid Guttmann
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obese status in children by age, sex, and visit type, using data from EMRALD(®) (Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database). DESIGN: Heights and weights were abstracted for children 0 to 19 years of age who had at least one well-child visit from January 2010 to December 2011. Using the most recent visit, the proportions and 95% CIs of patients defined as overweight and obese were compared by age group, sex, and visit type using the World Health Organization growth reference standards...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208833/family-environment-and-childhood-obesity-a-new-framework-with-structural-equation-modeling
#4
Hui Huang, Che Wan Jasimah Bt Wan Mohamed Radzi, Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi
The main purpose of the current article is to introduce a framework of the complexity of childhood obesity based on the family environment. A conceptual model that quantifies the relationships and interactions among parental socioeconomic status, family food security level, child's food intake and certain aspects of parental feeding behaviour is presented using the structural equation modeling (SEM) concept. Structural models are analysed in terms of the direct and indirect connections among latent and measurement variables that lead to the child weight indicator...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205275/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-youth-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#5
Andrea E Kass, Kelly Theim Hurst, Rachel P Kolko, Elizabeth B Ruzicka, Richard I Stein, Brian E Saelens, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Kenneth B Schechtman, Leonard H Epstein, Denise E Wilfley
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Youth Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (YEDE-Q) and its utility for detecting loss of control (LOC) eating (i.e., eating episodes, regardless of size, involving a perceived inability to control what or how much one is eating) among school-age children with overweight or obesity. Identifying eating pathology, particularly LOC eating, in this population may facilitate treatment that improves weight outcomes and reduces eating disorder risk. Children with overweight or obesity (N = 241; 7-11 years) completed the YEDE-Q and abbreviated Child EDE (ChEDE) to assess LOC eating, prior to entering a weight management treatment trial...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205158/understanding-food-fussiness-and-its-implications-for-food-choice-health-weight-and-interventions-in-young-children-the-impact-of-professor-jane-wardle
#6
REVIEW
E Leigh Gibson, Lucy Cooke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the concepts of fussy eating and food neophobia in the context of key determinants of the development of children's food preferences. We discuss the evidence for genetic versus parental and other environmental influences on the ontogeny of these behavioural traits and the implications of current knowledge for interventions that attempt to lessen the impact of these traits on children's diets. Finally, we consider whether these traits increase the risk of a child becoming obese, or alternatively, underweight and malnourished...
February 16, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196965/genomic-microdiversity-of-bifidobacterium-pseudocatenulatum-underlying-differential-strain-level-responses-to-dietary-carbohydrate-intervention
#7
Guojun Wu, Chenhong Zhang, Huan Wu, Ruirui Wang, Jian Shen, Linghua Wang, Yufeng Zhao, Xiaoyan Pang, Xiaojun Zhang, Liping Zhao, Menghui Zhang
The genomic basis of the response to dietary intervention of human gut beneficial bacteria remains elusive, which hinders precise manipulation of the microbiota for human health. After receiving a dietary intervention enriched with nondigestible carbohydrates for 105 days, a genetically obese child with Prader-Willi syndrome lost 18.4% of his body weight and showed significant improvement in his bioclinical parameters. We obtained five isolates (C1, C15, C55, C62, and C95) of one of the most abundantly promoted beneficial species, Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum, from a postintervention fecal sample...
February 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194417/developing-intervention-strategies-to-optimise-body-composition-in-early-childhood-in-south-africa
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Catherine E Draper, Simone A Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris
Purpose. The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessments were conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193268/adipokines-insulin-resistance-and-adiposity-as-a-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-child-survivors-of-lymphoma-and-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-of-a-developing-country
#9
Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, Mardia López-Alarcón, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, María Del Carmen Rodríguez-Zepeda, Hugo Rivera-Márquez, Alan de la Vega-Martínez, Jorge Martin-Trejo, Juan Shum-Luis, Karina Solis-Labastida, Enrique López-Aguilar, Guadalupe Matute-González, Roberto Bernaldez-Rios
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence indicating that pediatric survivors of cancer are at a greater risk of developing metabolic syndrome. This study evaluated some probable predictors of metabolic syndrome (MS), such as leptin and adiponectin concentrations, the leptin/adiponectin ratio, insulin resistance, and adiposity, in a sample of child survivors of lymphoma and leukemia in Mexico City. METHODS: Fifty two children (leukemia n = 26, lymphoma n = 26), who were within the first 5 years after cessation of therapy, were considered as eligible to participate in the study...
February 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191881/assessment-of-child-anthropometry-in-a-large-epidemiologic-study
#10
Amy L Louer, Denise N Simon, Karen M Switkowski, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Emily Oken
A high proportion of children have overweight and obesity in the United States and other countries. Accurate assessment of anthropometry is essential to understand health effects of child growth and adiposity. Gold standard methods of measuring adiposity, such as dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), may not be feasible in large field studies. Research staff can, however, complete anthropometric measurements, such as body circumferences and skinfold measurements, using inexpensive portable equipment. In this protocol we detail how to obtain manual anthropometric measurements from children, including standing and sitting height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and subscapular skinfold thickness, and procedures to assess the quality of these measurements...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188472/the-effect-of-postpartum-depression-and-current-mental-health-problems-of-the-mother-on-child-behaviour-at-eight-years
#11
R Closa-Monasterolo, M Gispert-Llaurado, J Canals, V Luque, M Zaragoza-Jordana, B Koletzko, V Grote, M Weber, D Gruszfeld, K Szott, E Verduci, A ReDionigi, J Hoyos, G Brasselle, J Escribano Subías
Background Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) could affect children's emotional development, increasing later risk of child psychological problems. The aim of our study was to assess the association between child's emotional and behavioural problems and mother's PPD, considering maternal current mental health problems (CMP). Methods This is a secondary analysis from the EU-Childhood Obesity Project (NCT00338689). Women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at, 2, 3 and 6 months after delivery and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) to assess CMP once the children reached the age of 8 years...
February 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188053/exposure-of-portuguese-children-to-the-novel-non-phthalate-plasticizer-di-iso-nonyl-cyclohexane-1-2-dicarboxylate-dinch
#12
Luísa Correia-Sá, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
Di-(iso-nonyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (DINCH) is used as substitute for high molecular weight phthalate plasticizers such as di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and di-(iso-nonyl) phthalate (DINP). Due to a rapid substitution process, we must assume omnipresent and increasing DINCH exposures. The aim of this study was to evaluate DINCH exposure in 112 children (4-18years old) from Portugal, divided in two groups: 1) normal-/underweight following the usual diet; and 2) obese/overweight but under strict nutritional guidance...
February 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186100/school-food-environments-associated-with-adiposity-in-children-attending-canadian-urban-schools
#13
C Fitzpatrick, G D Datta, M Henderson, K Gray-Donald, Y Kestens, T A Barnett
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Targeting obesogenic features of children's environment that are amenable to change represents a promising strategy for health promotion. The school food environment, defined as the services and policies regarding nutrition and the availability of food in the school and surrounding neighborhood, is particularly important given that students travel through the school neighborhood almost daily and that they consume a substantial proportion of their calories at school...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186098/postnatal-height-and-adiposity-gain-childhood-blood-pressure-and-prehypertension-risk-in-an-asian-birth-cohort
#14
I M Aris, J Y Bernard, L-W Chen, M T Tint, W Y Lim, S E Soh, S-M Saw, Lp-C Shek, K M Godfrey, P D Gluckman, Y-S Chong, F Yap, M S Kramer, Y S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There have been hypotheses that early life adiposity gain may influence blood pressure (BP) later in life. We examined associations between timing of height, body mass index (BMI) and adiposity gains in early life with BP at 48 months in an Asian pregnancy-birth cohort. METHODS: In 719 children, velocities for height, BMI and abdominal circumference (AC) were calculated at five intervals [0-3, 3-12, 12-24, 24-36 and 36-48 months]. Triceps (TS) and subscapular skinfold (SS) velocities were calculated between 0-18, 18-36 and 36-48 months...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181307/factors-associated-with-school-aged-children-s-body-mass-index-in-korean-american-families
#15
Myoungock Jang, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler, Sangchoon Jeon, Soohyun Nam, Hee-Jung Song, Robin Whittemore
AIMS: To examine factors associated with children's body mass index and obesity-risk behaviors in Korean American families. BACKGROUND: Limited data are available about family factors related to overweight and obesity in Korean American children. DESIGN: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY: METHODS: Convenient sampling was employed to recruit Korean American families in the Northeast of the United States between August 2014 - January 2015. Child, family and societal/demographic/community factors were measured with self-report questionnaires completed by mothers and children...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180017/obesity-in-nursery-school-children-in-corum-turkey
#16
Selen Ozakar Akca, Gulzade Uysal, Lale Aysegul Buyukgonenc
BACKGROUND: Regular body mass index (BMI) screenings in schools is important to ensure that 3- to 6-year-old children are not negatively affected by obesity in terms of their current and future health. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the overweight and obesity results of 3- to 6-year-old children and to guide children and their family in making healthier dietary choices by informing them. METHODS: This analytical-descriptive study was conducted in Corum, Turkey, in the year 2011...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179267/obesity-and-pregnancy-mechanisms-of-short-term-and-long-term-adverse-consequences-for-mother-and-child
#17
REVIEW
Patrick M Catalano, Kartik Shankar
Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Obesity causes problems with infertility, and in early gestation it causes spontaneous pregnancy loss and congenital anomalies. Metabolically, obese women have increased insulin resistance in early pregnancy, which becomes manifest clinically in late gestation as glucose intolerance and fetal overgrowth. At term, the risk of cesarean delivery and wound complications is increased...
February 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176229/charting-the-maternal-and-infant-microbiome-what-is-the-role-of-diabetes-and-obesity-in-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Sirtaj Singh, Margaret R Karagas, Noel T Mueller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the evidence on whether diabetes, obesity, and related metabolic derangements during pregnancy are associated with the maternal and infant microbiomes, and to identify gaps in the literature and offer guidance on future research on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: We found circumstantial evidence from four observational studies that the maternal gut microbiome was associated with either pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, gestational diabetes, and/or related metabolic biomarkers in pregnancy; we did not identify any studies that examined whether the vaginal microbiome varied according to these metabolic parameters...
February 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#19
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174231/should-bariatric-surgery-be-performed-in-adolescents
#20
REVIEW
Andrew J Beamish, Thomas Reinehr
Adolescent obesity has markedly increased worldwide in both its extent and prevalence in recent decades and obesity prevention strategies are failing. As a result, effective treatment strategies are urgently needed. As behavioral and pharmacological treatment approaches have only moderate effects in severe obesity, bariatric surgery has begun to emerge as a treatment option. In this debate article, we offer arguments opposing and supporting bariatric surgery in the treatment of severe obesity in adolescents...
April 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
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