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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#1
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804876/insulin-resistance-in-pregnant-women-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-measures-of-body-composition-in-offspring-at-birth-and-3-years-of-age
#2
Sara Kristín Finnbogadóttir, Dorte Glintborg, Tina Kold Jensen, Henriette Kyhl, Ellen A Nohr, Marianne Andersen
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity and insulin resistance in the non-pregnant state, but little is known about insulin sensitivity in the pregnant state. Our objective was to compare insulin resistance in pregnant women with and without PCOS and explore the impact of PCOS on body composition in offspring at birth and at 3 years of age MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study including 2548 live born singleton mother-child pairs residing in Odense municipality, Denmark, during 2010-2013...
August 14, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#3
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802895/physical-activity-and-obesity-among-nine-year-old-children-with-and-without-chronic-health-problems-illness-or-disabilities-in-ireland
#4
Justin A Haegele, Sean Healy, Xihe Zhu
BACKGROUND: Regular engagement in physical activity can help youth control their weight during childhood while decreasing one's chances of developing chronic diseases (e.g., coronary heart disease, diabetes) throughout the lifespan. While numerous studies have explored physical activity participation and weight status among typically developing children, few epidemiological studies utilizing nationally representative data has focused on children with chronic health problems, illness, or disabilities (CHID)...
August 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802300/media-exposure-and-parental-mediation-on-fast-food-consumption-among-children-in-metropolitan-and-suburban-indonesian
#5
May O Lwin, Shelly Malik, Hardinsyah Ridwan, Cyndy Sook Sum Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fast-food companies have been reproached for rising obesity levels due to aggressive marketing tactics targeted at children. They have countered that parents should be held responsible considering their critical role as nutritional gatekeepers. This study examined the comparative effects of media exposure and parental mediation on Indonesian children's fast food consumption and how the effects compare in the metropolitan versus suburban areas. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 394 child-mother pairs comprising grade three and four children and their mothers from two schools each in Jakarta and Bogor representing 40...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#6
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800894/examining-unanswered-questions-about-the-home-environment-and-childhood-obesity-disparities-using-an-incremental-mixed-methods-longitudinal-study-design-the-family-matters-study
#7
Jerica M Berge, Amanda Trofholz, Allan Tate, Maureen Beebe, Angela Fertig, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
There are disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity for children from low-income and minority households. Mixed-methods studies that examine home environments in an in-depth manner are needed to identify potential mechanisms driving childhood obesity disparities that have not been examined in prior research. The Family Matters study aims to identify risk and protective factors for childhood obesity in low-income and minority households through a two-phased incremental, mixed-methods, and longitudinal approach...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800840/comparing-low-income-mother-and-fathers-concern-for-young-children-s-weight
#8
Rachel L Vollmer, Amy R Mobley
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to compare the relationship of mother and father (1) perceived child weight and child body mass index (BMI) z-score, (2) concern for child's current weight and child BMI z-score, and (3) concern for child's future weight and child BMI z-score. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included low-income mothers (n=30) and fathers (n=30) with a young child (3 to 10years old) from the same household. Each parent completed select items from the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) with a trained interviewer...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799014/breakfast-habits-dairy-product-consumption-physical-activity-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-in-children-aged-6-18
#9
Tugba Koca, Mustafa Akcam, Filiz Serdaroglu, Selim Dereci
The purpose of this study was to determine breakfast habits, dairy product consumption, and physical activity and their relations with body mass index (BMI) in schoolchildren and adolescents. This cross-sectional, school-based study was performed with children aged 6-18 years. Height and weight were measured, and a BMI z-score was calculated for each child. Breakfast consumption frequency, intake of milk and other dairy products, physical activity habits, and mothers' employment status were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
August 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795415/joint-bayesian-weight-and-height-postnatal-growth-model-to-study-the-effects-of-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy
#10
Sophie Carles, Marie-Aline Charles, Barbara Heude, Ismaïl Ahmed, Jérémie Botton
Growth models used for describing the dynamics of body weight and height generally consider each trait independently. We proposed modeling height and weight trajectories jointly with a nonlinear heteroscedastic mixed model based on the Jenss-Bayley growth function with correlated individual random effects and using Bayesian inference techniques. Simulations showed that our model provides good estimates of the growth parameters. We illustrated how it can be used to assess the associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy, an early-life factor potentially involved in prenatal programming of obesity, and children's growth from birth to 5 years of age...
August 10, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794174/maternal-western-diet-age-specifically-alters-female-offspring-voluntary-physical-activity-and-dopamine-and-leptin-related-gene-expression
#11
Gregory N Ruegsegger, Kolter B Grigsby, Taylor J Kelty, Terese M Zidon, Thomas E Childs, Victoria J Vieira-Potter, David L Klinkebiel, Michael Matheny, Phillip J Scarpace, Frank W Booth
Prenatal overnutrition affects development into adulthood and influences risk of obesity. We assessed the transgenerational effect of maternal Western diet (WD) consumption on offspring physical activity. Voluntary wheel running was increased in juvenile (4-7 wk of age), but decreased in adult (16-19 wk of age), F1 female WD offspring In contrast, no wheel-running differences in F1 male offspring were observed. Increased wheel running in juvenile female WD offspring was associated with up-regulated dopamine receptor (DRD)-1 and -2 in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and with down-regulated Lepr in the ventral tegmental area (VTA)...
August 9, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794060/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-enrolled-in-a-new-zealand-community-based-intervention-programme-an-observational-study
#12
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Katharine F Treves, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Trecia A Wouldes, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological well-being of children and adolescents at enrolment in a multidisciplinary community-based obesity programme and to determine association with ethnicity. This programme targeted indigenous people and those from most deprived households. Further, this cohort was compared with other populations/normative data. METHODS: This study examines baseline demographic data of an unblinded randomised controlled clinical trial...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780659/preconception-counseling-for-women-with-cardiac-disease
#13
REVIEW
Mark A Clapp, Sarah N Bernstein
All providers who care for reproductive-aged women with cardiac disease should assess these patients' desires and plans for pregnancy at every encounter. For those considering pregnancy, preconception counseling, often performed by a maternal-fetal medicine specialist, can help patients understand the potential implications of pregnancy on their health and estimate the risks of an adverse cardiac event prior to conceiving. There are cardiac conditions, such as pulmonary hypertension and aortic stenosis, in which pregnancy may be contraindicated given the high morbidity and mortality; there are tools available to help quantify a patient's risk...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777773/comparative-performance-of-pediatric-weight-estimation-techniques-a-human-factor-errors-analysis
#14
Susan M Abdel-Rahman, Ryan Jacobsen, Jennifer L Watts, Stacy L Doyle, Donna M OʼMalley, Tiffany D Hefner, M Denise Dowd
OBJECTIVE: We compared performance characteristics of 7 weight estimation methods examining predictive performance and human factors errors. METHODS: This was a prospective study of 80 emergency care providers (raters) and 80 children aged 2 months to 16 years. Raters estimated weights in 5 children with the following 7 strategies: visual estimation, Advanced Pediatric Life Support, Luscombe and Owens, Broselow tape, devised weight estimation method, 2D Mercy TAPE (2DT), and 3D Mercy TAPE (3DT)...
August 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775375/the-relationship-between-maternal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-in-pregnancy-and-childhood-adiposity-and-allergy-an-observational-study
#15
V T Boyle, E B Thorstensen, J M D Thompson, L M E McCowan, E A Mitchell, K M Godfrey, L Poston, C R Wall, R Murphy, W Cutfield, T Kenealy, L C Kenny, P N Baker
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency (defined as <75 nmol/l) is widespread amongst pregnant women around the world and has been proposed to influence offspring outcomes in childhood and into adult life, including adiposity and allergy. Disorders including asthma and eczema are on the rise amongst children. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D status in pregnancy and offspring adiposity, asthma and eczema in childhood. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were analysed in serum samples collected at 15 weeks' gestation from 1710 participants of the prospective Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775373/association-of-maternal-gestational-weight-gain-with-their-offspring-s-anthropometric-outcomes-at-late-infancy-and-6-years-old-mediating-roles-of-birth-weight-and-breastfeeding-duration
#16
J X Liu, X Xu, J H Liu, J W Hardin, R Li
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies examining the potential mediating roles of birth weight and breastfeeding duration on the pathways between maternal gestational weight gain (GWG) and offspring anthropometric outcomes are lacking. METHODS: We analyzed data from the mother-child pairs in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (IFPS II) in late infancy (n=1 548) and at the year six follow-up (n=1 514) study. Child anthropometrics included age- and sex-specific Z scores for weight-for-age (WAZ), height/length-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-height/length (WHZ), and body mass index (BMIZ)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774733/current-child-but-not-maternal-snoring-is-bi-directionally-related-to-adiposity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-a-cross-sectional-and-a-prospective-cohort-analysis
#17
Olivia M Farr, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Emily Oken, Elsie M Taveras, Christos S Mantzoros
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), typically manifested as snoring, is closely associated with obesity. However, the directionality of associations of OSA with cardiometabolic risk markers is unclear, as obesity increases risk for OSA, and OSA results in excess weight gain and its metabolic consequences. Less is known about how obesity and OSA may relate in children and adolescents and whether maternal OSA may influence the development of obesity and cardiometabolic dysfunction in offspring...
June 29, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#18
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
August 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#19
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771983/obesity-risk-behaviors-and-their-associations-with-body-mass-index-bmi-in-korean-american-children
#20
Myoungock Jang, Margaret Grey, Lois Sadler, Sangchoon Jeon, Soohyun Nam, Hee-Jung Song, Robin Whittemore
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the paper was to describe obesity-risk behaviors (diet, physical activity, and sedentary behavior) and examine the relationships of the obesity-risk behaviors with body mass index (BMI) in school-aged Korean American children. BACKGROUND: Korean American children have a risk of becoming overweight or obese and developing obesity-related complications; however, there is limited research about obesity-risk behaviors in Korean American children...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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