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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097807/parent-adolescent-influences-on-everyday-dietary-practices-perceptions-of-adolescent-females-with-obesity-and-their-mothers
#1
Megan R Winkler, Elizabeth D Moore, Gary G Bennett, Sarah C Armstrong, Debra H Brandon
Parents demonstrate an important influence on adolescent obesity and dietary behavior; yet, family-based obesity interventions continue to exhibit limited success among adolescents. To further inform family-based approaches for adolescent obesity treatment, we examined the perceptions of adolescent females with obesity and their mothers of the influences experienced within the parent-adolescent relationship that affect everyday dietary practices. We conducted six focus group interviews (three adolescent female and three mother) among 15 adolescent (12-17 years old) females with obesity and 12 of their mothers...
January 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097514/cumulative-risk-exposure-and-waist-circumference-in-preschool-aged-children-the-mediating-role-of-television-and-moderating-role-of-sex
#2
Anna H Grummon, Amber Vaughn, Deborah J Jones, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Children exposed to multiple stressors are more likely to be overweight, but little is known about the mechanisms explaining this association. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined whether children exposed to multiple stressors had higher waist circumference, and whether this association was mediated through children's television time. METHODS: Participants were 319 parent-child dyads. Children were 2-5 years old and had at least one overweight parent (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2))...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094019/the-first-model-of-keeping-energy-balance-and-optimal-psycho-affective-development-breastfed-infants
#3
REVIEW
Carlo Agostoni, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Ludovica Leone, Valentina Ciappolino, Giuseppe Delvecchio, Carlo A Altamura, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Breastfed infants follow a peculiar growth fashion characterized by a rapid weight gain in the first weeks of life, then followed by a fast decrease in growth rates, a capacity to self-regulate the sense of hungry and satiety, and a minor propensity towards overweight and obesity later on, in parallel with a better neurodevelopmental performance. METHODS: We searched studies investigating the relationship between the feeding mode in infancy and the energy balance, so the possible associations with total energy expenditure and intake regulation...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093572/longitudinal-changes-in-body-mass-index-of-children-affected-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#4
W Zheng, H Yokomichi, H Matsubara, M Ishikuro, M Kikuya, T Isojima, S Yokoya, T Tanaka, N Kato, S Chida, A Ono, M Hosoya, S Tanaka, S Kuriyama, S Kure, Z Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The evacuation and disruption in housing caused by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and following nuclear radiation may have influenced child health in many respects. However, studies regarding longitudinal childhood growth are limited. Therefore, in this study we aimed to explore the influence of the earthquake on longitudinal changes in body mass index in preschool children. METHODS: Participants were children from nursery schools that cooperated with the study in the Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima Prefectures...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090350/longitudinal-quality-of-life-improvement-in-underserved-rural-youth-with-obesity
#6
S Engebretsen, R Sorrells, J P Yi-Frazier, K Briggs Early
OBJECTIVE: ACT! (Actively Changing Together) is a family- and community-based intervention targeting youth with obesity. The objective of this study was to establish the longitudinal impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) as well as the relationship with anthropometric and demographic factors. METHODS: Youth (n = 75) aged 8-14 years meeting criteria for overweight or obesity were referred to the programme. Twelve, 90-min classes in English and Spanish were held at the YMCA...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#7
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072856/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-body-mass-index-across-adulthood-coordinated-analyses-of-individual-participant-data-from-three-british-birth-cohort-studies-initiated-in-1946-1958-and-1970
#8
David Bann, William Johnson, Leah Li, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
BACKGROUND: High body mass index (BMI) is an important contributor to the global burden of ill-health and health inequality. Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood is associated with higher adult BMI, but how these associations have changed across time is poorly understood. We used longitudinal data to examine how childhood and adult SEP relates to BMI across adulthood in three national British birth cohorts. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The sample comprised up to 22,810 participants with 77,115 BMI observations in the 1946 MRC National Survey of Health and Development (ages 20 to 60-64), the 1958 National Child Development Study (ages 23 to 50), and the 1970 British Cohort Study (ages 26 to 42)...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071011/the-effects-of-a-low-calorie-diet-or-an-isocaloric-diet-combined-with-metformin-on-sex-hormones-in-obese-women-of-child-bearing-age
#9
Ewelina Swora-Cwynar, Magdalena Kujawska-Łuczak, Joanna Suliburska, Julita Reguła, Angelika Kargulewicz, Matylda Kręgielska-Narożna, Emilia Marcinkowska, Alina Kanikowska, Marzena Bielas, Marian Grzymisławski, Paweł Bogdański
BACKGROUND: The influence of weight loss treatment on sex hormones profile has been studied mainly in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but in obese premenopausal women without PCOS it still remains unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of two approaches to obesity treatment on the serum level of sex hormones in obese women of child-bearing age without PCOS. METHODS: 77 obese Caucasian women (aged 31.2 ±8.3 years) were randomized into two groups: 39 women received a low-calorie diet (LC) and 38 received an isocaloric diet plus metformin (IM), for 12 weeks...
April 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069560/does-usage-of-an-ehealth-intervention-reduce-the-risk-of-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Meredith Leigh Graham, Myla S Strawderman, Margaret Demment, Christine Marie Olson
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) contributes to the development of obesity in mother and child. Internet-based interventions have the potential for delivering innovative and interactive options for prevention of excessive GWG to large numbers of people. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to create a novel measure of Internet-based intervention usage patterns and examine whether usage of an Internet-based intervention is associated with reduced risk of excessive GWG...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069006/methods-and-design-of-a-10-week-multi-component-family-meals-intervention-a-two-group-quasi-experimental-effectiveness-trial
#11
Catherine Rogers, Sarah E Anderson, Jamie S Dollahite, Tisa F Hill, Chris Holloman, Carla K Miller, Keeley J Pratt, Carolyn Gunther
BACKGROUND: Given the ongoing childhood obesity public health crisis and potential protective effect of family meals, there is need for additional family meals research, specifically experimental studies with expanded health outcomes that focus on the at-risk populations in highest need of intervention. Future research, specifically intervention work, would also benefit from an expansion of the target age range to include younger children, who are laying the foundation of their eating patterns and capable of participating in family meal preparations...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068960/nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-public-health-challenge-for-a-country-with-high-child-health-standards
#12
N P G C R Naotunna, M Dayarathna, H Maheshi, G S Amarasinghe, V S Kithmini, M Rathnayaka, L Premachandra, N Premarathna, P C Rajasinghe, G Wijewardana, T C Agampodi, S B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status of pre adolescent children is not widely studied in Sri Lanka. The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional status among pre-adolescent school children in a rural province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A school based cross sectional study was carried out in North Central Province in 100 rural schools, selected using multi stage cluster sampling with probability proportionate to size. Children in grade one to five were enrolled with a maximum cluster size of fifty...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068930/self-reported-diabetes-during-pregnancy-in-the-south-african-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-extent-and-social-determinants
#13
Lumbwe Chola, Chipo Mutyambizi, Ronel Sewpaul, Whadi-Ah Parker, Zandile Mchiza, Demetre Labadarios, Charles Hongoro
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a serious and growing public health concern in South Africa, but its prevalence and distribution in pregnant women is not well known. Women diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy have a substantially greater risk of adverse health outcomes for both mother and child. This study aims to determine the prevalence and social determinants of diabetes during pregnancy in South Africa. METHODS: Data used in this study were from the 2012 South African National Nutrition and Health Examination Survey; a nationally representative cross-sectional household survey...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068899/maternal-bmi-as-a-predictor-of-methylation-of-obesity-related-genes-in-saliva-samples-from-preschool-age-hispanic-children-at-risk-for-obesity
#14
Kathryn Tully Oelsner, Yan Guo, Sophie Bao-Chieu To, Amy L Non, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: The study of epigenetic processes and mechanisms present a dynamic approach to assess complex individual variation in obesity susceptibility. However, few studies have examined epigenetic patterns in preschool-age children at-risk for obesity despite the relevance of this developmental stage to trajectories of weight gain. We hypothesized that salivary DNA methylation patterns of key obesogenic genes in Hispanic children would 1) correlate with maternal BMI and 2) allow for identification of pathways associated with children at-risk for obesity...
January 9, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068675/nutrition-habits-and-health-outcomes-of-breastfeeding-hiv-positive-mothers-in-the-dschang-health-district-west-region-cameroon
#15
Martin Sanou Sobze, Tsi Kien-Atsu, Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Armand TiotsiaTsapi, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Sali Ben Bechir, Augusto Pana, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
BACKGROUND: Amongst the different at-risk periods for mother-to-child HIV transmission that is, during pregnancy, labor and delivery and breastfeeding, much care and attention needs to be given, not only to the child as concerns its feeding options, but also to the mother. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional habits and health outcomes of HIV-positive breastfeeding mothers in the Dschang Health District, in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065514/review-of-childhood-obesity-from-epidemiology-etiology-and-comorbidities-to-clinical-assessment-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Seema Kumar, Aaron S Kelly
Childhood obesity has emerged as an important public health problem in the United States and other countries in the world. Currently 1 in 3 children in the United States is afflicted with overweight or obesity. The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is associated with emergence of comorbidities previously considered to be "adult" diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and dyslipidemia. The most common cause of obesity in children is a positive energy balance due to caloric intake in excess of caloric expenditure combined with a genetic predisposition for weight gain...
January 5, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065195/programming-maternal-and-child-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-context-of-undernutrition-current-evidence-and-key-considerations-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Lindsay M Jaacks, Justine Kavle, Abigail Perry, Albertha Nyaku
The goals of the present targeted review on maternal and child overweight and obesity were to: (i) understand the current situation in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) with regard to recent trends and context-specific risk factors; and (ii) building off this, identify entry points for leveraging existing undernutrition programmes to address overweight and obesity in LMIC. Trends reveal that overweight and obesity are a growing problem among women and children in LMIC; as in Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, where the prevalence among urban women is approaching 50 %...
January 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065168/functional-outcomes-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-current-disorder-most-important-but-psychiatric-history-matters-as-well
#18
J Ormel, A M Oerlemans, D Raven, O M Laceulle, C A Hartman, R Veenstra, F C Verhulst, W Vollebergh, J G M Rosmalen, S A Reijneveld, A J Oldehinkel
BACKGROUND: Various sources indicate that mental disorders are the leading contributor to the burden of disease among youth. An important determinant of functioning is current mental health status. This study investigated whether psychiatric history has additional predictive power when predicting individual differences in functional outcomes. METHOD: We used data from the Dutch TRAILS study in which 1778 youths were followed from pre-adolescence into young adulthood (retention 80%)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064525/healthy-children-strong-families-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-american-indian-families-designed-using-community-based-approaches
#19
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Tassy Parker, Kyungmann Kim, Vernon M Grant, Judith N Sheche, Alexandra K Adams
Background/Aims Few obesity prevention trials have focused on young children and their families in the home environment, particularly in underserved communities. Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 is a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle intervention for American Indian children and their families, a group at very high risk of obesity. The study design resulted from our long-standing engagement with American Indian communities, and few collaborations of this type resulting in the development and implementation of a randomized clinical trial have been described...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063217/maternal-acculturation-and-the-growth-of-impoverished-mexican-american-infants
#20
Linda J Luecken, Shannon L Jewell, David P MacKinnon
OBJECTIVE: Identification of early life risk factors that predispose low-income Hispanic children to obesity is critical. For low-income Mexican American mothers, the cultural context may influence maternal experience and behaviors relevant to infant weight and growth. METHODS: In a longitudinal study of 322 low-income Mexican American mother-infant dyads, linear growth modeling examined the relation of maternal acculturation to infant weight gain across the first year and evaluated birth outcomes, breastfeeding, and maternal BMI as mediators...
January 7, 2017: Obesity
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