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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422576/mechanisms-of-action-contributing-to-reductions-in-suicide-attempts-following-brief-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-military-personnel-a-test-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#1
Craig J Bryan, David S Wood, Alexis May, Alan L Peterson, Evelyn Wertenberger, M David Rudd
Brief cognitive behavioral therapy (BCBT) is associated with significant reductions in suicide attempts among military personnel. However, the underlying mechanisms of action contributing to reductions in suicide attempts in effective psychological treatments remain largely unknown. The present study conducted a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of BCBT versus treatment as usual (TAU) to examine the mechanisms of action hypothesized by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPT): perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and fearlessness about death...
April 19, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384904/indian-soldiers-need-eye-protection
#2
REVIEW
Kirti Nath Jha
Combat-related eye injuries entail enormous financial, social and psychological cost. Military Combat Eye Protection (MCEP) decreases both the incidence and severity of eye injuries. Experts have recognised the need for MCEP for Indian soldiers. We aim to review the combat-related eye injuries and combat eye protection among the Indian soldiers. Global practices of MCEP are also reviewed. We also aim to offer our recommendations for Indian soldiers. We carried out Medline search for combat-related eye injuries and MCEP and separately searched for eye injuries among Indian soldiers during war and other operations...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362333/the-promise-and-the-challenge-of-technology-facilitated-methods-for-assessing-behavioral-and-cognitive-markers-of-risk-for-suicide-among-u-s-army-national-guard-personnel
#3
Brian R W Baucom, Panayiotis Georgiou, Craig J Bryan, Eric L Garland, Feea Leifker, Alexis May, Alexander Wong, Shrikanth S Narayanan
Suicide was the 10th leading cause of death for Americans in 2015 and rates have been steadily climbing over the last 25 years. Rates are particularly high amongst U.S. military personnel. Suicide prevention efforts in the military are significantly hampered by the lack of: (1) assessment tools for measuring baseline risk and (2) methods to detect periods of particularly heightened risk. Two specific barriers to assessing suicide risk in military personnel that call for innovation are: (1) the geographic dispersion of military personnel from healthcare settings, particularly amongst components like the Reserves; and (2) professional and social disincentives to acknowledging psychological distress...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341891/homecoming-of-citizen-soldiers-postdeployment-problems-and-service-use-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#4
James Griffith
The present study described the types and amount of problems and services sought among returned deployed Army National Guard soldiers (4568 soldiers in 50 units). The study responds to gaps in the research literature to better understand community intervention needs of reservists. About half (48%) of the soldiers reported one or two problems, mostly those of psychological well-being, such as feelings of anger and frustration, upsetting memories, and troubled sleep (34% of the study sample), followed by problems of social support (18%), alcohol use (17%), feelings of isolation including suicidal thoughts (13%), and financial difficulties (11%)...
March 24, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295837/compromised-hippocampus-striatum-pathway-as-a-potential-imaging-biomarker-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
D Rangaprakash, Gopikrishna Deshpande, Thomas A Daniel, Adam M Goodman, Jennifer L Robinson, Nouha Salibi, Jeffrey S Katz, Thomas S Denney, Michael N Dretsch
OBJECTIVES: Military service members risk acquiring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild-traumatic brain injury (mTBI), with high comorbidity. Owing to overlapping symptomatology in chronic mTBI or postconcussion syndrome (PCS) and PTSD, it is difficult to assess the etiology of a patient's condition without objective measures. Using resting-state functional MRI in a novel framework, we tested the hypothesis that their neural signatures are characterized by functionally hyperconnected brain regions which are less variable over time...
March 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290945/frequency-of-improvised-explosive-devices-and-suicide-attempts-in-the-u-s-army
#6
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Paul D Bliese, Gary H Wynn, Pablo A Aliaga, Christina Wryter, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Lisa J Colpe, Michael Schoenbaum, Kenneth L Cox, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were a prominent and initially new threat in the Iraq and Afghanistan war which raised concerns and anticipatory fear in and out of theater. This study examined the association of monthly IED rates with risk of soldier suicide attempt among those deployed and nondeployed. METHODS: Person-month records for all active duty Regular Army suicide attempters from 2004 through 2009 (n = 9,791) and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 183,826) were identified...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290934/health-related-coping-behaviors-and-mental-health-in-military-personnel
#7
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller
BACKGROUND: Our previous research has highlighted the important link between coping behaviors and mental health symptoms in military personnel. This study seeks to extend these findings by examining each coping behavior and mental health issue individually. This study has four specific aims: (1) test cross-sectional relationships between coping and mental health at baseline and follow-up, (2) examine stability of each variable over time, (3) determine the predictive nature of baseline mental health and coping on subsequent mental health and coping, (4) assess the magnitude of each effect to evaluate the differential predictive value of coping behaviors and mental health symptoms...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165265/minority-stress-psychosocial-resources-and-psychological-distress-among-sexual-minority-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Charles Kamen, Jennifer M Jabson, Karen M Mustian, Ulrike Boehmer
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined unique factors predicting psychological distress among sexual minority (i.e., lesbian and bisexual) women postbreast cancer diagnosis. The present study assessed the association of minority stress and psychosocial resource factors with depression and anxiety symptoms among sexual minority breast cancer survivors. METHOD: Two hundred one sexual minority women who had ductal carcinoma in situ or Stage I-IV breast cancer participated in this study through the Love/Avon Army of Women...
February 6, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110673/-points-of-light
#9
S Rachman
Important developments took place during the past decade. Two major nationwide treatment/training programmes were initiated: IAPT and the US Army Resiliency Program. Work on the psychological immune system presages a major advance in scientific knowledge. The reformulation of human actions, moving the emphasis from retrospection to prospection has wide implications. The concept of wellbeing has had a major impact on health psychology. The topics covered include the U.K. scheme for improving access to psychological therapies, resilience training in the military, wellbeing, the psychological immune system, the concept of prospection, some recent trends in psychopathology, mental contamination...
January 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068139/do-acceptance-and-mindfulness-moderate-the-relationship-between-maladaptive-beliefs-and-posttraumatic-distress
#10
Jillian C Shipherd, Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault
OBJECTIVE: Maladaptive pre- and posttraumatic beliefs are reliable predictors of distress in the wake of trauma. Acceptance and mindfulness skills may be associated with less distress in the presence of these beliefs, but few studies have explored these relationships. This study examined whether individual differences in acceptance and mindfulness moderate the relationship between maladaptive thoughts and distress in postdeployment soldiers. METHOD: We explored the relationships between posttraumatic maladaptive beliefs, acceptance, mindfulness, and posttraumatic distress (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and general psychological symptoms) in a sample of recently postdeployed active duty U...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038317/risk-factors-for-lower-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-during-basic-military-training-in-the-maltese-armed-forces
#11
Matthew Psaila, Craig Ranson
OBJECTIVES: Basic military training is physically and psychologically demanding placing recruits at high risk of injury and premature discharge. This study aimed to identify risk factors for lower leg, ankle and foot injury in Maltese military recruits during basic training. DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study. SETTING: An armed forces barracks. PARTICIPANTS: 127 recruits commencing one basic military training course agreed to participate in the study...
March 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005475/parental-deployment-adolescent-academic-and-social-behavioral-maladjustment-and-parental-psychological-well-being-in-military-families
#12
Nancy Nicosia, Elizabeth Wong, Victoria Shier, Samira Massachi, Ashlesha Datar
OBJECTIVE: Increases in the frequency and length of military deployments have raised concerns about the well-being of military families. We examined the relationship between a military parent's deployment and (1) adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment and (2) parental psychological well-being. METHODS: We collected data from April 2013 through January 2014 from 1021 families of enlisted US Army personnel with children aged 12 or 13 during the Military Teenagers' Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885790/hardiness-avoidance-coping-and-alcohol-consumption-in-war-veterans-a-moderated-mediation-study
#13
Paul T Bartone, Bjorn H Johnsen, Jarle Eid, Sigurd W Hystad, Jon C Laberg
Military personnel often engage in excessive alcohol use after returning from deployments. Thus far, research has paid scant attention to personality factors that may increase or diminish the risk for increased alcohol consumption in this population. The present study explores how psychological hardiness, avoidance coping, and stress exposure may interact to influence alcohol consumption patterns in soldiers following deployment. U.S. Army National Guard soldiers (N = 357) were surveyed shortly after returning from combat operations in Afghanistan...
November 24, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849489/early-intervention-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-mortuary-affairs-soldiers-postdeployment
#14
Quinn M Biggs, Carol S Fullerton, James E McCarroll, Xian Liu, Leming Wang, Nicole M Dacuyan, Douglas F Zatzick, Robert J Ursano
U.S. Army mortuary affairs (MA) soldiers experience stressors of deployment and exposure to the dead, increasing risk for post-traumatic stress and depression. This study examines Troop Education for Army Morale, a postdeployment early intervention based on Psychological First Aid. MA soldiers (N = 126) were randomized to intervention or comparison groups 1-month postdeployment. Intervention sessions were held at 2, 3, 4, and 7 months. Assessments of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and quality of life (QOL) were conducted at 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, and 10 months for both groups...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
March 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762655/traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-deployment-binge-drinking-among-male-and-female-army-active-duty-service-members-returning-from-operation-enduring-freedom-operation-iraqi-freedom
#16
Rachel Sayko Adams, John D Corrigan, Beth A Mohr, Thomas V Williams, Mary Jo Larson
This study examines whether the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-deployment binge drinking is independent of screening positive for mental health problems among male and female service members. Data are from the Substance Use and Psychological Injury Combat Study of Army members returning from deployment to Afghanistan or Iraq in fiscal years 2008-2011. The sample consists of 240,694 male and 26,406 female active duty members who completed initial and follow-up questionnaires. The initial questionnaire, completed at the end of deployment, included screens for TBI and mental health problems (post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, harmful thoughts)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622961/yoga-practice-improves-physiological-and-biochemical-status-at-high-altitudes-a-prospective-case-control-study
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gidugu Himashree, Latika Mohan, Yogesh Singh
UNLABELLED: Context • High altitude (HA) is a psychophysiological stressor for natives of lower altitudes. Reducing the morbidity and optimizing the performance of individuals deployed in an HA region has been attempted and reported with varied results. Objective • The present study intended to explore the effects of comprehensive yogic practices on the health and performance of Indian soldiers deployed at HAs. Design • The research team designed a prospective, randomized, case-control study...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612349/integrative-pain-management-centers-in-the-military-the-challenges
#18
Ian D Coulter, Lara Hilton, Joan Walter, Kathleen S Brown
OBJECTIVES: Biomedicine and complementary and alternative medicine are forming new relationships, under the rubric of integrative medicine. Recently, the military has adopted integrative medicine as the model for pain management. An evaluation was conducted on an integrative model for pain management at a major Army medical center to determine the distinct challenges that were encountered during the early stages of this integrative program. METHODS: The design is a case study evaluation...
September 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599228/evaluating-postdeployment-training-for-coping-with-intrusive-cognition-a-comparison-of-training-approaches
#19
Jillian C Shipherd, Kristalyn Salters-Pedneault, Joanne Fordiani
Objective: Although intrusive cognition (IC) is remarkably common in soldiers postdeployment and successful coping with ICs may predict better long-term psychological health, few elements of current programmatic postdeployment trainings have directly addressed adaptive strategies for managing intrusive deployment-related cognitions. The current study explored the efficacy of a brief acceptance-based skills training for coping with ICs relative to a change-based skills training, a psychoeducation-only training, or training as usual...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514254/-effects-of-job-content-on-psychological-stress-in-young-recruits
#20
J J Zhang, N Tao, J M Jia, X Qin, H Tian, E C Qiu, J W Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of job content on psychological stress in young recruits. METHODS: In October 2014, 625 young recruits enrolled in one troop of Xinjiang Military Command in 2014 were chosen as subjects by multi-stage stratified random sampling. The Chinese version of the job content questionnaire (JCQ)and the psychological stress self evaluation test (PEST)were used to investigate the subjects. The subjects were divided into two groups with scores higher and lower than the mean score of three subscales (job requirement, degree of autonomy, and social support)of JCQ to explore the effects of job content on psychological stress in young recruits...
April 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
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