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Army psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767345/metastatic-breast-cancer-collateral-damage-project-mbccd-scale-development-and-preliminary-results-of-the-survey-of-health-impact-needs-and-experiences-shine
#1
Timothy J Williamson, Susan M Love, Jessica N Clague DeHart, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Leah Eshraghi, Heather Cooper Ortner, Annette L Stanton
PURPOSE: Until recently, people with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) had a very poor prognosis. New treatment approaches have prolonged the time that people with MBC live, but their quality of life has received less attention. Consequently, the needs and concerns across financial, vocational, psychological, social, and physical domains in MBC patients are poorly understood-particularly regarding the collateral damage or longer-term, life-altering impacts of MBC and its treatments. This study's aims were to characterize MBC-related collateral damage, identify groups most likely to experience collateral damage, and examine its associations with psychological health, illness management, and health behaviors...
May 16, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734488/virtual-reality-exposure-versus-prolonged-exposure-for-ptsd-which-treatment-for-whom
#2
Aaron M Norr, Derek J Smolenski, Andrea C Katz, Albert A Rizzo, Barbara O Rothbaum, JoAnn Difede, Patricia Koenen-Woods, Mark A Reger, Greg M Reger
BACKGROUND: The majority of studies comparing active psychological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) do not find significant differences at posttreatment. This was the case in a recent trial examining prolonged exposure (PE) and virtual reality exposure (VRE) among active-duty soldiers with combat-related PTSD. Matching individual patients to specific treatments provides a potential avenue to improve significantly the public health impact of effective treatments for PTSD...
May 7, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#3
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665517/depression-and-impulsiveness-among-soldiers-who-died-by-suicide-a-psychological-autopsy-study
#4
Leah Shelef, Neta Korem, Nirit Yavnai, Rinat Yedidya, Keren Ginat, Golan Shahar, Assaf Yacobi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the accumulated knowledge about suicide, suicidal acts remain difficult to predict, and many suicides are acted out impulsively. METHODS: We performed a psychological autopsy study based on inquiries about the deaths of all male soldiers aged 18-21 years who served in the Israeli army and died by suicide between 2009 and 2013 (n = 69). The study population was first divided into two groups: those who had depressive disorder (n = 31); and those who did not (n = 38)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607248/quality-of-care-for-ptsd-and-depression-in-the-military-health-system-final-report
#5
Kimberly A Hepner, Carol P Roth, Elizabeth M Sloss, Susan M Paddock, Praise O Iyiewuare, Martha J Timmer, Harold Alan Pincus
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) strives to maintain a physically and psychologically healthy, mission-ready force, and the care provided by the Military Health System (MHS) is critical to meeting this goal. Attention has been directed to ensuring the quality and availability of programs and services for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. This study is a comprehensive assessment of the quality of care delivered by the MHS in 2013-2014 for over 38,000 active-component service members with PTSD or depression...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601288/emotional-numbing-symptoms-partially-mediate-the-association-between-exposure-to-potentially-morally-injurious-experiences-and-sexual-anxiety-for-male-service-members
#6
Arjun Bhalla, Elizabeth Allen, Keith Renshaw, Jessica Kenny, Brett Litz
Service members (SMs) returning from deployment are at risk of a range of sexual problems, some of which are thought to be related to psychological issues that may arise during deployment or combat. The current study sought to examine whether exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) was associated with sexual anxiety (SA) above and beyond combat exposure and whether any such association was mediated by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. These questions were tested using data from self-report surveys collected from 221 partnered male Army (Active Duty, National Guard, or Reserve) SMs at three separate time points...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590406/medical-evaluation-board-involvement-non-credible-cognitive-testing-and-emotional-response-bias-in-concussed-service-members
#7
Scott R Mooney, Jane Stafford, Elizabeth Seats
Introduction: Military Service Members (SMs) with post-concussive symptoms are commonly referred for further evaluation and possible treatment to Department of Defense Traumatic Brain Injury Clinics where neuropsychological screening/evaluations are being conducted. Understudied to date, the base rates of noncredible task engagement/performance validity testing (PVT) during cognitive screening/evaluations in military settings appears to be high. The current study objectives are to: (1) examine the base rates of noncredible PVTs of SMs undergoing routine clinical or Medical Evaluation Board (MEB) related workups using multiple objective performance-based indicators; (2) determine whether involvement in MEB is associated with PVT or symptom exaggeration/symptom validity testing (SVT) results; (3) elucidate which psychiatric symptoms are associated with noncredible PVT performances; and (4) determine whether MEB participation moderates the relationship between psychological symptom exaggeration and whether or not SM goes on to demonstrate PVTs failures - or vice versa...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578729/mental-health-disorders-and-mental-health-problems-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#8
Shauna Stahlman, Alexis A Oetting
Mental health disorders have historically accounted for significant morbidity, healthcare utilization, disability, and attrition from military service. From 2007 through 2016, a total of 853,060 active component service members were diagnosed with at least one mental health disorder and 115,378 were diagnosed with mental health problems related to family/support group problems, maltreatment, lifestyle problems, or substance abuse counseling. Annual incidence rates of at least one mental health disorder decreased by approximately 6...
March 2018: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497708/telepain-primary-care-chronic-pain-management-through-weekly-didactic-and-case-based-telementoring
#9
Diane M Flynn, Linda H Eaton, Honor McQuinn, Ashley Alden, Alexa R Meins, Tessa Rue, David J Tauben, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Chronic pain is a significant problem among military personnel and a priority of the military health system. The U.S. Army Surgeon General's Pain Management Task Force recommends using telehealth capabilities to enhance pain management. This article describes the development and evaluation of a telehealth intervention (TelePain) designed to improve access to pain specialist consultation in the military health system. The study uses a wait-list controlled clinical trial to test: 1) effectiveness of the intervention, and 2) interviews to assess barriers and facilitators of the intervention implementation...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444660/volunteers-in-ethiopia-s-women-s-development-army-are-more-deprived-and-distressed-than-their-neighbors-cross-sectional-survey-data-from-rural-ethiopia
#10
Kenneth Maes, Svea Closser, Yihenew Tesfaye, Yasmine Gilbert, Roza Abesha
BACKGROUND: Many Community Health Workers (CHWs) experience the same socioeconomic and health needs as their neighbors, given that they are by definition part of their communities. Yet very few studies aim to measure and characterize experiences of deprivation, poverty, and wellbeing among community health workers. This study quantitatively examines deprivation and wellbeing in Ethiopia's Women's Development Army (WDA), a massive unpaid community health workforce intended to improve population health and modernize the country...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425375/impact-of-hypothermic-stress-during-special-operations-training-of-chilean-military-forces
#11
Claudio Nieto Jimenez, Jorge Cajigal Vargas, Vjera Sofia Triantafilo Vladilo, Jose Naranjo Orellana
Introduction: The Chilean Army considers processes that can optimize physical capacities for responding to the impact of situations and given stressors. The study of the effect of hypothermia as a stressor agent (HSA) and its relationship with cardiovascular, hematological, anthropometric, endocrine, and immunological parameters has not been fully addressed experimentally in military populations. Objective: To identify the endocrine, hematological, cardiovascular, and immunological changes caused by HSA and to associate these variables with body composition and physical fitness in the military special operation courses of the Chilean Army...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420813/sport-psychology-for-the-soldier-athlete-a-paradigm-shift
#12
Vanessa M Meyer
Background: Competitive athletes train body and mind in preparation for competition with mental fortitude often providing the "winning edge." Similarly, the current-day warfighter faces significant physical and psychological challenges and must be prepared to respond to life-threatening danger with mental and physical agility. Sport Psychology for the Soldier Athlete recognizes the soldier as an elite athlete and provides training required to perform at the highest caliber. Through this curriculum, mental skills coaching in goal setting, imagery, positive self-talk, and heart rate control is integrated into routine physical fitness training...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409552/dying-for-the-group-towards-a-general-theory-of-extreme-self-sacrifice
#13
Harvey Whitehouse
Whether upheld as heroic or reviled as terrorism, throughout history people have been willing to lay down their lives for the sake of their groups. Why? Previous theories of extreme self-sacrifice have highlighted a range of seemingly disparate factors such as collective identity, outgroup hostility, and kin psychology. This paper attempts to integrate many of these factors into a single overarching theory based on several decades of collaborative research with a range of special populations, from tribes in Papua New Guinea to Libyan insurgents, and from Muslim fundamentalists in Indonesia to Brazilian football hooligans...
February 7, 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294997/traumatic-events-exposure-and-psychological-trauma-in-children-victims-of-war-in-the-gaza-strip
#14
Antonio L Manzanero, María Crespo, Susana Barón, Teresa Scott, Sofián El-Astal, Fairouz Hemaid
The present article studies war-related trauma and its effects on children living in the Gaza Strip, 6 months after the attack launched by the Israeli army on July 8, 2014, which lasted for 51 days. The objective was twofold: (a) to identify the prevalence of exposure to traumatic events and (b) to examine the symptoms of traumatic stress in children as described by their parents or tutors using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ). Data from 1,850 male and female children aged between 6 and 15 years living in the Gaza Strip were collected throughout the months of February and April 2015, that is 6 months after the attack...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027043/clinical-psychological-features-and-quality-of-life-of-fibromyalgia-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-chinese-sample
#15
Ying Zhang, Dongfeng Liang, Ronghuan Jiang, Xiaojian Ji, Yiwen Wang, Jian Zhu, Jianglin Zhang, Feng Huang
This study aimed to determine the clinical, psychological features, and quality of life in Chinese fibromyalgia (FM) patients who fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2010 FM classification criteria at initial diagnosis. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) General Hospital. A hundred and seven Chinese FM patients (86 females, 21 males) were included. Eighty-six patients completed the questionnaires. Descriptive, differences, and correlation analyses were performed...
February 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981318/childhood-maltreatment-and-post-deployment-psychological-distress-the-indirect-role-of-emotional-numbing
#16
Candice Presseau, Ateka A Contractor, Madhavi K Reddy, M Tracie Shea
Childhood maltreatment is an increasingly established predictor of psychological problems. However, limited research addresses pathways though which childhood maltreatment influences the mental health of military personnel following deployment. The current study investigated the direct, and indirect through emotional numbing, relations between childhood maltreatment and psychological distress of recently deployed veterans. For a sample of 131 predominantly White, male Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom members of U...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978357/association-between-baseline-psychological-attributes-and-mental-health-outcomes-after-soldiers-returned-from-deployment
#17
Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes, Paul B Lester
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is vital for effective employees, especially in stressful occupations like military and public safety sectors. Yet, until recently little empirical work has made the link between requisite psychological resources and important mental health outcomes across time in those sectors. In this study we explore the association between 14 baseline psychological health attributes (such as adaptability, coping ability, optimism) and mental health outcomes following exposure to combat deployment...
October 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918388/association-of-the-alternative-healthy-eating-index-ahei-2010-with-depression-stress-and-anxiety-among-iranian-military-personnel
#18
Jamal Rahmani, A Milajerdi, A Dorosty-Motlagh
INTRODUCTION: Psychological disorders have a major role in the incidence of chronic diseases and may result in reductions in the cost-effectiveness of the Armed Forces. Previous civilian studies have shown a protective association between healthy eating guidelines and mental disorders, but evidence to support this for a military population is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the association of Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI-2010) with depression, stress and anxiety among Iranian military personnel...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845345/the-deployment-life-study-longitudinal-analysis-of-military-families-across-the-deployment-cycle
#19
Sarah O Meadows, Terri Tanielian, Benjamin Karney, Terry Schell, Beth Ann Griffin, Lisa H Jaycox, Esther M Friedman, Thomas E Trail, Robin Beckman, Rajeev Ramchand, Natalie Hengstebeck, Wendy M Troxel, Lynsay Ayer, Christine Anne Vaughan
In 2009, RAND launched the Deployment Life Study, a longitudinal study of military families across a deployment cycle in order to assess family readiness. Family readiness refers to the state of being prepared to effectively navigate the challenges of daily living experienced in the unique context of military service. The study surveyed families at frequent intervals throughout a complete deployment cycle---before a service member deploys (sometimes months before), during the actual deployment, and after the service member returns (possibly a year or more after she or he redeployed)...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844553/the-impact-of-symptom-burden-on-the-health-status-of-service-members-with-extremity-trauma
#20
Stacey Young-McCaughan, Mona O Bingham, Catherine A Vriend, Alice W Inman, Kathryn M Gaylord, Christine Miaskowski
BACKGROUND: Service members injured in combat undergo repeated surgeries and long recoveries following a traumatic injury that produce a myriad of physical and psychological symptoms. PURPOSE: To describe the severity of pain, sleep disturbance, depression, and anxiety in service members with extremity trauma sustained during combat operations at the time of discharge from the hospital and to evaluate for differences in health status between those with and without symptom burden...
September 2017: Nursing Outlook
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