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workers compensation neuropsychology

Annette Colangelo, Abigail Abada, Calvin Haws, Joanne Park, Riikka Niemeläinen, Douglas P Gross
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive validity of the Word Memory Test (WMT), a verbal memory neuropsychological test developed as a performance validity measure to assess memory, effort, and performance consistency. DESIGN: Cohort study with 1-year follow-up. SETTING: Workers' compensation rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included workers' compensation claimants with work-related head injury (N=188; mean age, 44y; 161 men [85...
May 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Dominic A Carone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Ken Silver, Rick Bird, Alex Smith, Daniel Valerio, Hilario Romero
Harriet Hardy, protégé of Alice Hamilton, spent 1948 in the Health Division of Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. The contemporary campaign for federal legislation to compensate nuclear workers brought to the fore living retirees in whose cases of occupational illness Hardy had a role in diagnosis or case management. A third case is documented in archival records. Methods of participatory action research were used to better document the cases and strategize in light of the evidence, thereby assisting the workers with compensation claims...
November 2014: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
Willie F McBride, Adam H Crighton, Dustin B Wygant, Robert P Granacher
This study examined the relationship between lesion presence and localization and performance on measures of cognitive response bias, specifically in individuals purporting to have a traumatic brain injury. Ninety-two participants, all of whom were involved in workers' compensation or personal injury litigation, were administered an extensive neuropsychological battery, including neuroimaging (magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography), at a neuropsychiatric clinic in Lexington, KY. Those with evidence of intracranial injury on neuroimaging findings were placed in the head injury lesion litigation group and were coded based on the anatomical location and type of intracranial injury...
November 2013: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
Anthony M Tarescavage, Dustin B Wygant, Roger O Gervais, Yossef S Ben-Porath
The current study examined the over-reporting Validity Scales of the MMPI-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011) in relation to the Slick, Sherman, and Iverson (1999) criteria for the diagnosis of Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction in a sample of 916 consecutive non-head injury disability claimants. The classification of Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction was based on scores from several cognitive symptom validity tests and response bias indicators built into traditional neuropsychological tests...
2013: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Laurence M Binder, Jack Spector, James R Youngjohn
Three cases are presented of peculiar speech and language abnormalities that were evaluated in the context of personal injury lawsuit or workers compensation claims of brain dysfunction after mild traumatic brain injuries. Neuropsychological measures of effort and motivation showed evidence of suboptimal motivation or outright malingering. The speech and language abnormalities of these cases probably were not consistent with neurogenic features of dysfluent speech including stuttering or aphasia. We propose that severe dysfluency or language abnormalities persisting after a single, uncomplicated, mild traumatic brain injury are unusual and should elicit suspicion of a psychogenic origin...
August 2012: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Victor H Chang, Lisa A Lombard, Michael R Greher
The evaluation and management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in the occupational setting may pose significant challenges for even the most-seasoned practitioner. Providers must simultaneously address the clinical management of mTBI and be familiar with the systematic and administrative requirements related to the management of injured workers with mTBI who are covered by workers' compensation insurance, including causation, return to work, and the potential of permanent impairment. Given the primarily subjective nature of many mTBI symptoms, an injured worker with a delayed recovery may raise the question, if not suspicion, of symptom magnification and secondary gain...
October 2011: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
T Merten, G Krahi, C Krahl, H W Freytag
Against the background of a growing interest in symptom validity assessment in European countries, new data on base rates of negative response bias is presented. A retrospective data analysis of forensic psychological evaluations was performed based on 398 patients with workers' compensation claims. 48 percent of all patients scored below cut-off in at least one symptom validity test (SVT) indicating possible negative response bias. However, different SVTs appear to have differing potential to identify negative response bias...
September 1, 2010: Versicherungsmedizin
Rael T Lange, Grant L Iverson, Brian L Brooks, V Lynn Ashton Rennison
When considering a diagnosis of postconcussion syndrome, clinicians must systematically evaluate and eliminate the possible contribution of many differential diagnoses, comorbidities, and factors that may cause or maintain self-reported symptoms long after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). One potentially significant contributing factor is symptom exaggeration. The purpose of the study is to examine the influence of poor effort on self-reported symptoms (postconcussion symptoms and cognitive complaints) and neurocognitive test performance following MTBI...
November 2010: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Kevin W Greve, Jonathan S Ord, Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis
OBJECTIVE: To provide an empirical estimate of the prevalence of malingered disability in patients with chronic pain who have financial incentive to appear disabled. DESIGN: Retrospective review of cases. SETTING: A private neuropsychologic clinic in a southeastern metropolitan area. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive patients (N=508) referred for psychologic evaluation related to chronic pain over a 10-year period (1995-2005)...
July 2009: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Richard Rogers, Joshua W Payne, David T R Berry, Robert P Granacher
The Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (SIRS; Rogers et al., Structured interview of reported symptoms (SIRS) and professional manual, 1992) is a well-validated psychological measure for the assessment of feigned mental disorders (FMD) in clinical, forensic, and correctional settings. Comparatively little work has evaluated its usefulness in compensation and disability contexts. The present study examined SIRS data from 569 individuals undergoing forensic neuropsychiatric examinations for the purposes of workers' compensation, personal injury, or disability proceedings...
June 2009: Law and Human Behavior
Vicki L Kristman, Pierre Côté, Dwayne Van Eerd, Marjan Vidmar, Mana Rezai, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Richard A Wennberg, J David Cassidy
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To test the usefulness of a method to improve the measurement of prevalent mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) among injured workers with a workers compensation claim. METHODS: Database codes were selected to identify MTBI cases in the Ontario workers compensation lost-time claims database. A random sample of 210 claims was selected, classified as MTBI or not, and used to calculate proportions with MTBI among code groups. The annual prevalence of MTBI in 1997 and 1998 was calculated by weighting the numerators with the appropriate proportions of MTBI within each code group...
January 2008: Brain Injury: [BI]
Gerald M Aronoff, Steven Mandel, Elizabeth Genovese, Edward A Maitz, Anthony J Dorto, Edwin H Klimek, Thomas E Staats
An interdisciplinary task force of physicians and neuropsychologists with advanced training in impairment and disability assessment provided a review of the literature on malingering in chronic pain, medical disorders, and mental/cognitive disorders. Our review suggests that treating health care providers often do not consider malingering, even in cases of delayed recovery involving work injuries or other personal injuries, where there may be a significant incentive to feign or embellish symptoms or delay recovery...
June 2007: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Lloyd Flaro, Paul Green, Ellen Robertson
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Motivation has an important influence on neuropsychological test performances. This study examined effort on the Word Memory Test (WMT) in groups with differing external incentives. RESEARCH DESIGN: 774 adults with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), tested as part of a Workers' Compensation, disability or personal injury claim stood to gain financially by appearing impaired on testing. In contrast, parents ordered by the Court to undergo a parenting assessment were highly motivated to do their best on cognitive tests because their goal was to regain custody of their children...
April 2007: Brain Injury: [BI]
David W Loring, Glenn J Larrabee, Gregory P Lee, Kimford J Meador
We retrospectively reviewed Victoria Symptom Validity Test (VSVT) in 374 patients who underwent neuropsychological assessment in an academic hospital-based practice. Patients were classified as either non-TBI clinically referred (generally patients referred from neurology, neurosurgery, or medicine), clinically referred TBI (no known external financial incentive), and non-clinical referrals (e.g., attorney-referred, Worker's Compensation). Three patients were not classified into any group and considered separately...
May 2007: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Kevin W Greve, Steven Springer, Kevin J Bianchini, F William Black, Matthew T Heinly, Jeffrey M Love, Douglas A Swift, Megan A Ciota
This study examined the sensitivity and false-positive error rate of reliable digit span (RDS) and the WAIS-III Digit Span (DS) scaled score in persons alleging toxic exposure and determined whether error rates differed from published rates in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and chronic pain (CP). Data were obtained from the files of 123 persons referred for neuropsychological evaluation related to alleged exposure to environmental and industrial substances. Malingering status was determined using the criteria of Slick, Sherman, and Iverson (1999)...
March 2007: Assessment
Kevin J Bianchini, Kelly L Curtis, Kevin W Greve
The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a dose-response relationship between potential monetary compensation and failure on psychological indicators of malingering in traumatic brain injury. 332 traumatic brain injury patients were divided into three groups based on incentive to perform poorly on neuropsychological testing: no incentive; limited incentive as provided by State law; high incentive as provided by Federal law. The rate of failure on five well-validated malingering indicators across these groups was examined...
December 2006: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Myling Sumanti, Kyle Brauer Boone, Irwin Savodnik, Richard Gorsuch
Information is lacking regarding the prevalence of fraudulent psychiatric and cognitive symptoms in the "stress" claim workers' compensation population. Using various validity indices (Negative Impression Scale, the Malingering Index, and the Rogers Discriminant Function) of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), between 9 and 29% of 233 workers' compensation "stress" claim litigants were identified as exhibiting noncredible psychiatric symptoms. In addition, 15% of the subjects were determined to have noncredible cognitive symptoms on the Dot Counting Test, although only 8% displayed suspect effort on the 15-Item Memorization Test, with 5% of subjects failing both cognitive effort tests...
December 2006: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Barbaranne Branca
The management of patients with chronic refractory head pain remains a treatment challenge. Treatment focus should be multidisciplinary as patients evolve into a deteriorated status with psychologic, social, vocational, and cognitive dysfunction. The neuropsychologist will gather premorbid and comorbid information, assess cognitive functioning, and be involved in every behavioral medicine and treatment decision. The patient with post-traumatic head pain copes with head injury sequelae. Issues related to worker's compensation, insurance, disability decisions, and litigation are intrinsic to these patient groups...
February 2006: Current Pain and Headache Reports
G Mooney, J Speed, S Sheppard
PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To study the variables that relate to outcome after mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Sixty-seven adults with disappointing recoveries after mild TBI most occurring in a compensation or litigation context were studied with regard to pre-injury, neuro-trauma, physical, emotional and cognitive variables on outcome. Validity of physical, emotional and cognitive symptoms was controlled for. MAIN OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Except for prior psychological traumatization, neither pre-injury, neuro-trauma or cognitive variables were related to outcome...
November 2005: Brain Injury: [BI]
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