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two spotted spider mite

Marie Shoorooei, Abdul Hadi Hoseinzadeh, Reza Maali-Amiri, Hossein Allahyari, Masoud Torkzadeh-Mahani
The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus uticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae), is globally one of the most devastating pests that feed on numerous crops, including common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of genotype and morphological attributes of common bean on T. uticae. Forty common bean accessions were used to investigate antixenosis and antibiosis through assessing mite feeding preference and reproduction under laboratory conditions. Three resistant (i.e., 56, 63, 238) and two susceptible (i...
March 9, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Moosa Saber, Zeinab Ahmadi, Gholamreza Mahdavinia
Two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, is one of the economically most important pests on a wide range of crops in greenhouses and orchards worldwide. Control of T. urticae has been largely based on the use of acaricides. Sublethal effects of spirodiclofen, pyridaben and abamectin were studied on life-table parameters of T. urticae females treated with the acaricides. LC25 values of spirodiclofen, abamectin and pyridaben (3.84, 0.04 and 136.96 µg a.i./ml, respectively) were used for sublethal studies...
March 8, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Wencai Lu, Yuan Hu, Peng Wei, Qiang Xu, Christian Bowman, Ming Li, Lin He
The carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus [Acarifonnes: Tetranychidae]) and the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae [Acarifonnes: Tetranychidae]) are two notorious pests of agricultural crops. Control of these pests has been dependent upon using different kinds of acaricides. The purpose of this study was to determine the differential responses of these two pest species collected from crops in the same field to acaricide treatments. Field trials have shown that without spraying acaricides, T...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Blas Agut, Victoria Pastor, Josep A Jaques, Victor Flors
Tetranychus urticae ( T. urticae ) Koch is a cosmopolitan, polyphagous mite which causes economic losses in both agricultural and ornamental plants. Some traits of T. urticae hamper its management, including a short life cycle, arrhenotokous parthenogenesis, its haplodiploid sex determination system, and its extraordinary ability to adapt to different hosts and environmental conditions. Currently, the use of chemical and biological control are the major control methods used against this mite. In recent years, some studies have focused on plant defence mechanisms against herbivores...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Owain R Edwards, Thomas K Walsh, Suzanne Metcalfe, Wee Tek Tay, Ary A Hoffmann, Peter Mangano, Alan Lord, Svetlana Micic, Paul A Umina
Resistance mechanisms are typically uncovered by identifying sequence variation in known candidate genes, however this strategy can be problematic for species with no reference data in known relatives. Here we take a genomic approach to identify resistance to pyrethroids in the redlegged earth mite, Halotydeus destructor, a member of the Penthalidae family of mites that are virtually uncharacterized genetically. Based on shallow genome sequencing followed by a genome assembly, we first identified contigs of the H...
January 2018: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Daniel E Martin, Mohamed A Latheef
The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, is an important pest of cotton in mid-southern USA and causes yield reduction and deprivation in fiber fitness. Cotton and pinto beans grown in the greenhouse were infested with spider mites at the three-leaf and trifoliate stages, respectively. Spider mite damage on cotton and bean canopies expressed as normalized difference vegetation index indicative of changes in plant health was measured for 27 consecutive days. Plant health decreased incrementally for cotton until day 21 when complete destruction occurred...
February 8, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Thiago Castro, Jørgen Eilenberg, Italo Delalibera
The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is an important pest of strawberry crops in Brazil and many other countries. Focus for biocontrol studies involving entomopathogenic fungi has been on three species from the genus Metarhizium: M. anisopliae sensu stricto (s.s.), M. brunneum and M. robertsii. Also, the species Beauveria bassiana has been studied for spider mite control and one isolate (ESALQPL63) is commercially available in Brazil. New and undescribed Metarhizium species have been found recently in Brazil and provide a pool of isolates with potential for biocontrol in Brazil and probably also elsewhere...
February 6, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Takeshi Suzuki, María Urizarna España, Maria Andreia Nunes, Vladimir Zhurov, Wannes Dermauw, Masahiro Osakabe, Thomas Van Leeuwen, Miodrag Grbic, Vojislava Grbic
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180658.].
2017: PloS One
Anna Barczak-Brzyżek, Małgorzata Kiełkiewicz, Magdalena Górecka, Karol Kot, Barbara Karpińska, Marcin Filipecki
Plants growing in constantly changeable environmental conditions are compelled to evolve regulatory mechanisms to cope with biotic and abiotic stresses. Effective defence to invaders is largely connected with phytohormone regulation, resulting in the production of numerous defensive proteins and specialized metabolites. In our work, we elucidated the role of the Abscisic Acid Insensitive 4 (ABI4) transcription factor in the plant response to the two-spotted spider mite (TSSM). This polyphagous mite is one of the most destructive herbivores, which sucks mesophyll cells of numerous crop and wild plants...
December 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Nina Xiaoning Zhang, Gerben J Messelink, Juan M Alba, Robert C Schuurink, Merijn R Kant, Arne Janssen
Plants possess various inducible defences that result in synthesis of specialized metabolites in response to herbivory, which can interfere with the performance of herbivores of the same and other species. Much less is known of the effects of plant feeding by omnivores. We found that previous feeding of the omnivorous predator Macrolophus pygmaeus on sweet pepper plants significantly reduced reproduction of the two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae and western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis on the same plants, also on leaves that had not been exposed to the omnivore...
January 2018: Oecologia
A K Barczak-Brzyżek, M Kiełkiewicz, P Gawroński, K Kot, M Filipecki, B Karpińska
Little is known about how plants deal with arthropod herbivores under the fluctuating light intensity and spectra which occur in natural environments. Moreover, the role of simultaneous stress such as excess light (EL) in the regulation of plant responses to herbivores is poorly characterized. In the current study, we focused on a mite-herbivore, specifically, the two-spotted spider mite (TSSM), which is one of the major agricultural pests worldwide. Our results showed that TSSM-induced leaf damage (visualized by trypan blue staining) and oviposition rate (measured as daily female fecundity) decreased after EL pre-treatment in wild-type Arabidopsis plants, but the observed responses were not wavelength specific...
October 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Vimal Kumar Dubey, Ung Gyu Lee, Deok Ho Kwon, Si Hyeock Lee
The coatomer subunit alpha (COPA) and aquaporin 9 (AQ9) genes from the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, were previously determined to exhibit RNA interference (RNAi)-based lethality when their double-stranded RNAs were systemically delivered via multi-unit chambers (Kwon et al., 2016 [8]). In current study, the hairpin RNAs of the COPA and AQ9 were transiently expressed in soybean plants by agroinfiltration. When T. urticae was fed with the soybean plants agroinfiltrated with the COPA and AQ9 hairpin RNA cassettes, the cumulative mortality increased significantly at 6days post-infestation...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Yasumasa Murata, Masahiro Osakabe
Exposure to ambient ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation generates DNA lesions, such as cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers and 6-4 pyrimidine-pyrimidine photoproducts in Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae). Larvae appeared normal and healthy after UVB irradiation. Conversely, many mites were trapped in their old epidermis or experienced retarded development and shrunk, thus failing to molt from protochrysalises to protonymphs and died. This suggested that DNA lesions per se were not causing lethality in mites unless damaged genes were expressed...
October 24, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Asgar Ebadollahi, Jalal Jalali Sendi, Alireza Aliakbar
Inspite of well-established potentiality of plant essential oils as biopesticides, their environmentally low persistence is considered as a hindering obstacle for its commercialization. In the present study, chemical composition and toxicity of essential oils isolated from leaves of Thymus eriocalyx and Thymus kotschyanus were evaluated against two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae. The chemicals present in the crude oil were found to be thymol (28.83%), oleic acid (11.51%), palmitic acid (8.60%), borneol (5...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Ok-Kyung Kim, Tadashi Ishikawa, Yoshihiro Yamada, Takuma Sato, Hirosuke Shinohara, Ken Takahata
BACKGROUND: The solanaceous fruit crop pepino (Solanum muricatum Ait.), originating in the Andes, is grown commercially in South American countries and New Zealand. In these areas, pests and diseases of pepino have been identified well; however, to date, these have seldom been investigated in detail in Japan. Herein, we attempt to reconstruct an agricultural production system for commercial pepino crops in Japan, and evaluate the incidence of pests and viral diseases on pepino. The findings of this study will facilitate in developing a better crop system for the commercial cultivation of healthy pepino fruits...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
Enikő Gyuris, Erna Szép, Jenő Kontschán, Attila Hettyey, Zoltán Tóth
Applying predatory mites as biological control agents is a well established method against spider mites which are major pests worldwide. Although antipredator responses can influence the outcome of predator-prey interactions, we have limited information about what cues spider mites use to adjust their behavioural antipredator responses. We experimentally exposed two-spotted spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) to different predator-borne cues (using a specialist predator, Phytoseiulus persimilis, or a generalist predator, Amblyseius swirskii), conspecific prey-borne cues, or both, and measured locomotion and egg-laying activity...
November 2017: Behavioural Processes
Cristina Rioja, Vladimir Zhurov, Kristie Bruinsma, Miodrag Grbic, Vojislava Grbic
Plant-herbivore interactions evolved over long periods of time, resulting in an elaborate arms race between interacting species. While specialist herbivores evolved specific strategies to cope with the defenses of a limited number of hosts, our understanding of how generalist herbivores deal with the defenses of a plethora of diverse host plants is largely unknown. Understanding the interaction between a plant host and a generalist herbivore requires an understanding of the plant's mechanisms aimed at defending itself and the herbivore's mechanisms intended to counteract diverse defenses...
December 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Jiangtao He, Lijuan Zhou, Qiang Yao, Bo Liu, Hanhong Xu, Jiguang Huang
BACKGROUND: The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch is an important pest of cotton. We investigated the efficacy of dimethoate in controlling T. urticae by drip irrigation. Greenhouse and field experiments were carried out to determine the efficacy of dimethoate to T. urticae and the absorption and distribution of dimethoate in cotton. RESULTS: Greenhouse results showed that cotton leaves received higher amount of dimethoate compared to cotton roots and stems, with young leaves higher than old leaves and cotyledon the lowest among leaves...
August 18, 2017: Pest Management Science
Marcilio M DE Moraes, Claudio A G DA Camara, Milena M C DA Silva
Essential oils from the leaves of two species of the genus Ocotea that occur in the Atlantic Forest in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The acaricidal activity of these oils as well as 11 selected components and blends were evaluated in fumigation and residual contact tests against the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae). Sixty-seven constituents were identified, totaling 97.3 ± 0.3% and 97.8 ± 0.5% of the oils from O. duckei and O. glomerata, respectively...
July 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Catherine Mermans, Wannes Dermauw, Sven Geibel, Thomas Van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: The macrocyclic lactones abamectin and milbemectin are frequently used to control phytophagous mites such as Tetranychus urticae. Consequently, resistance has developed and was genetically linked with substitutions in the glutamate-gated chloride channel (GluCl) subunits TuGluCl1 and TuGluCl3. Here, we functionally validated a G326E substitution in TuGluCl3 by functional expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes followed by two-electrode voltage-clamp electrophysiology. RESULTS: Homomeric wild-type and mutated GluCl3 were successfully expressed...
July 24, 2017: Pest Management Science
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