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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890620/drug-induced-corneal-epithelial-changes
#1
REVIEW
Michael B Raizman, Pedram Hamrah, Edward J Holland, Terry Kim, Francis S Mah, Christopher J Rapuano, Roger G Ulrich
Drugs across many pharmacologic classes induce corneal epithelial changes. Many of these drugs have cationic amphiphilic structures, with a hydrophobic ring and hydrophilic cationic amine side chain that allow them to cross cell membranes. These drugs lead to intracellular phospholipid accumulation, often manifested in the cornea by vortex keratopathy, with no effect on visual acuity and few ocular symptoms. Other drugs, notably antineoplastic agents, produce a fine diffuse corneal haze, sometimes accompanied by decreased vision that can be dose limiting...
November 24, 2016: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816571/corneal-nerve-and-epithelial-cell-alterations-in-corneal-allodynia-an-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-case-series
#2
Pedram Hamrah, Yureeda Qazi, Bashar Shahatit, Mohammad H Dastjerdi, Deborah Pavan-Langston, Deborah S Jacobs, Perry Rosenthal
PURPOSE: To investigate the morphological changes of the corneal epithelium and sub-basal nerves in patients with corneal allodynia using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). DESIGN: Case-control study of patients with corneal allodynia and healthy controls. METHODS: Ten eyes of six patients were diagnosed with corneal allodynia at a single center and compared to fifteen healthy eyes. IVCM of the central cornea was performed on all subjects and controls...
November 2, 2016: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811567/patients-with-dry-eye-disease-and-low-subbasal-nerve-density-are-at-high-risk-for-accelerated-corneal-endothelial-cell-loss
#3
Ahmad Kheirkhah, Vannarut Satitpitakul, Pedram Hamrah, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in corneal endothelial cell density over time in patients with dry eye disease (DED) and to correlate endothelial cell loss with corneal subbasal nerve density. METHODS: This retrospective study included 40 eyes of 20 patients with DED. Laser in vivo confocal microscopy had been performed in the central cornea of both eyes at an initial visit and repeated after a mean follow-up of 33.2 ± 10.2 months. The densities of corneal endothelial cells and subbasal nerves were measured in both visits and compared with 13 eyes of 13 normal age-matched controls...
November 2, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811337/patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-demonstrate-reduced-subbasal-corneal-nerve-fibre-density
#4
Janine Mikolajczak, Hanna Zimmermann, Ahmad Kheirkhah, Ella Maria Kadas, Timm Oberwahrenbrock, Rodrigo Muller, Aiai Ren, Joseph Kuchling, Holger Dietze, Harald Prüss, Friedemann Paul, Pedram Hamrah, Alexander U Brandt
BACKGROUND: Many studies in multiple sclerosis (MS) have investigated the retina. Little, however, is known about the effect of MS on the cornea, which is innervated by the trigeminal nerve. It is the site of neural-immune interaction with local dendritic cells reacting in response to environmental stimuli. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effect of MS on corneal nerve fibres and dendritic cells in the subbasal nerve plexus using in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM)...
November 3, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772647/cystic-compound-melanocytic-nevus-in-a-pediatric-patient
#5
Catherine S Choi, Pedram Hamrah, Nora Laver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771327/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-of-corneal-nerves-in-health-and-disease
#6
Andrea Cruzat, Yureeda Qazi, Pedram Hamrah
In vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) is becoming an indispensable tool for studying corneal physiology and disease. Enabling the dissection of corneal architecture at a cellular level, this technique offers fast and noninvasive in vivo imaging of the cornea with images comparable to that of ex vivo histochemical techniques. Corneal nerves bear substantial relevance to clinicians and scientists alike, given their pivotal roles in regulation of corneal sensation, maintenance of epithelial integrity, and proliferation and promotion of wound healing...
October 19, 2016: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631352/translational-immunoimaging-and-neuroimaging-demonstrate-corneal-neuroimmune-crosstalk
#7
Pedram Hamrah, Yashar Seyed-Razavi, Takefumi Yamaguchi
Corneal immunoimaging and neuroimaging approaches facilitate in vivo analyses of the cornea, including high-resolution imaging of corneal immune cells and nerves. This approach facilitates the analyses of underlying immune and nerve alterations not detected by clinical slit-lamp examination alone. In this review, we describe recent work performed in our translational ocular immunology center with a focus on "bench-to-bedside" and "bedside-to-bench" research. The ability to visualize dendritiform immune cells (DCs) in patients with laser in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM), recently discovered in the central murine cornea, has allowed us to demonstrate their utility as a potential surrogate biomarker for inflammatory ocular surface diseases...
November 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617877/bilateral-alterations-in-corneal-nerves-dendritic-cells-and-tear-cytokine-levels-in-ocular-surface-disease
#8
Takefumi Yamaguchi, Pedram Hamrah, Jun Shimazaki
This review summarizes the recent literature regarding corneal imaging in human subjects using in vivo confocal microscopy. It also covers the recent literature on corneal immune cells, nerves, and tear cytokine levels in ocular surface diseases as well as corneal immune privilege. The significance of interactions between corneal immune cells and nerves in health, neurotrophic keratopathy, and infectious keratitis is discussed. Furthermore, bilateral alterations of immune cells and nerves in clinically unilateral corneal diseases and the link to changes of tear cytokines or neuropeptide levels in contralateral eyes are described...
November 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513904/acquired-corneal-neuropathy-and-photoallodynia-associated-with-malposition-of-an-ex-press-shunt
#9
Faith A Birnbaum, Pedram Hamrah, Deborah S Jacobs, Brian J Song
PURPOSE: Corneal neuropathy is a recently described disease process that is not well understood and is likely underdiagnosed as a result. This is the first reported case of an acquired corneal neuropathy associated with malposition of an Ex-PRESS shunt. METHODS: A single case report. RESULTS: We report the case of a 50-year-old man with a history of multiple procedures for glaucoma who subsequently developed photoallodynia and corneal neuropathy in association with malposition of an Ex-PRESS shunt in the peripheral cornea...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431440/erratum-pathological-lymphangiogenesis-is-modulated-by-galectin-8-dependent-crosstalk-between-podoplanin-and-integrin-associated-vegfr-3
#10
Wei-Sheng Chen, Zhiyi Cao, Satoshi Sugaya, Maria J Lopez, Victor G Sendra, Nora Laver, Hakon Leffler, Ulf J Nilsson, Jianxin Fu, Jianhua Song, Lijun Xia, Pedram Hamrah, Noorjahan Panjwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136674/a-fully-automated-tortuosity-quantification-system-with-application-to-corneal-nerve-fibres-in-confocal-microscopy-images
#11
Roberto Annunziata, Ahmad Kheirkhah, Shruti Aggarwal, Pedram Hamrah, Emanuele Trucco
Recent clinical research has highlighted important links between a number of diseases and the tortuosity of curvilinear anatomical structures like corneal nerve fibres, suggesting that tortuosity changes might detect early stages of specific conditions. Currently, clinical studies are mainly based on subjective, visual assessment, with limited repeatability and inter-observer agreement. To address these problems, we propose a fully automated framework for image-level tortuosity estimation, consisting of a hybrid segmentation method and a highly adaptable, definition-free tortuosity estimation algorithm...
August 2016: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089999/validity-and-reliability-of-a-novel-ocular-pain-assessment-survey-opas-in-quantifying-and-monitoring-corneal-and-ocular-surface-pain
#12
Yureeda Qazi, Shelley Hurwitz, Sarosh Khan, Ula V Jurkunas, Reza Dana, Pedram Hamrah
PURPOSE: To validate the Ocular Pain Assessment Survey (OPAS), specifically designed to measure ocular pain and quality of life for use by eye care practitioners and researchers. DESIGN: A single-center cohort study was conducted among patients with and without corneal and ocular surface pain at initial and follow-up visits over a 6-month period. The content of the OPAS was guided by literature review, a body of experts, and incorporating conceptual frameworks from existing pain questionnaires...
July 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086024/a-clinical-trial-comparing-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-topical-tacrolimus-versus-methylprednisolone-in-ocular-graft-versus-host-disease
#13
Tulio B Abud, Francisco Amparo, Ujwala S Saboo, Antonio Di Zazzo, Thomas H Dohlman, Joseph B Ciolino, Pedram Hamrah, Reza Dana
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of topical tacrolimus 0.05% versus topical methylprednisolone 0.5% in patients with ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). DESIGN: Phase 1/2 prospective, randomized, double-masked clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty eyes of 40 patients diagnosed with chronic ocular GVHD were enrolled. METHODS: Forty patients with ocular GVHD were randomized; 24 patients were treated with topical tacrolimus 0...
July 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066737/pathological-lymphangiogenesis-is-modulated-by-galectin-8-dependent-crosstalk-between-podoplanin-and-integrin-associated-vegfr-3
#14
Wei-Sheng Chen, Zhiyi Cao, Satoshi Sugaya, Maria J Lopez, Victor G Sendra, Nora Laver, Hakon Leffler, Ulf J Nilsson, Jianxin Fu, Jianhua Song, Lijun Xia, Pedram Hamrah, Noorjahan Panjwani
Lymphangiogenesis plays a pivotal role in diverse pathological conditions. Here, we demonstrate that a carbohydrate-binding protein, galectin-8, promotes pathological lymphangiogenesis. Galectin-8 is markedly upregulated in inflamed human and mouse corneas, and galectin-8 inhibitors reduce inflammatory lymphangiogenesis. In the mouse model of corneal allogeneic transplantation, galectin-8-induced lymphangiogenesis is associated with an increased rate of corneal graft rejection. Further, in the murine model of herpes simplex virus keratitis, corneal pathology and lymphangiogenesis are ameliorated in Lgals8(-/-) mice...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989956/corneal-reinnervation-and-sensation-recovery-in-patients-with-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus-an-in-vivo-and-ex-vivo-study-of-corneal-nerves
#15
Andrea Cruzat, Pedram Hamrah, Bernardo M Cavalcanti, Lixin Zheng, Kathryn Colby, Deborah Pavan-Langston
PURPOSE: To study corneal reinnervation and sensation recovery in Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO). METHODS: Two patients with HZO were studied over time with serial corneal esthesiometry and laser in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). A Boston keratoprosthesis type 1 was implanted, and the explanted corneal tissues were examined by immunofluorescence histochemistry for βIII-tubulin to stain for corneal nerves. RESULTS: The initial central corneal IVCM performed in each patient showed a complete lack of the subbasal nerve plexus, which was in accordance with severe loss of sensation (0 of 6 cm) measured by esthesiometry...
May 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985802/subconjunctival-bevacizumab-for-the-treatment-of-keratoprosthesis-associated-cystoid-macular-edema
#16
Nora W Muakkassa, Kendra A Klein, Pedram Hamrah, Elias Reichel
The authors present a case of keratoprosthesis-associated cystoid macular edema (CME) responsive to subconjunctival bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA). A 40-year-old woman with a history of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and Boston keratoprosthesis type I implantation developed CME 10 months after surgery and received sub-Tenon's kenalog with minimal improvement. Sixteen months after surgery, she received a subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab and demonstrated visual and anatomic improvement...
March 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975024/two-dimensional-plane-for-multi-scale-quantification-of-corneal-subbasal-nerve-tortuosity
#17
Roberto Annunziata, Ahmad Kheirkhah, Shruti Aggarwal, Bernardo M Cavalcanti, Pedram Hamrah, Emanuele Trucco
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of a novel system for automated tortuosity estimation and interpretation. METHODS: A supervised strategy (driven by observers' grading) was employed to automatically identify the combination of tortuosity measures (i.e., tortuosity representation) leading to the best agreement with the observers. We investigated 18 tortuosity measures including curvature and density of inflection points, computed at multiple spatial scales. To leverage tortuosity interpretation, we propose the tortuosity plane (TP) onto which each image is mapped...
March 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26959131/understanding-neuropathic-corneal-pain-gaps-and-current-therapeutic-approaches
#18
REVIEW
Sunali Goyal, Pedram Hamrah
The richly innervated corneal tissue is one of the most powerful pain generators in the body. Corneal neuropathic pain results from dysfunctional nerves causing perceptions such as burning, stinging, eye-ache, and pain. Various inflammatory diseases, neurological diseases, and surgical interventions can be the underlying cause of corneal neuropathic pain. Recent efforts have been made by the scientific community to elucidate the pathophysiology and neurobiology of pain resulting from initially protective physiological reflexes, to a more persistent chronic state...
2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910325/e-selectin-mediates-immune-cell-trafficking-in-corneal-transplantation
#19
Thomas H Dohlman, Antonio Di Zazzo, Masahiro Omoto, Jing Hua, Julia Ding, Pedram Hamrah, Sunil K Chauhan, Reza Dana
BACKGROUND: Immune rejection continues to threaten all tissue transplants. Here we sought to determine whether platelet (P)- and endothelial (E)-selectin mediate T cell recruitment in corneal transplantation and whether their blockade can reduce T cell graft infiltration and improve long-term corneal allograft survival. METHODS: In a murine model of allogeneic corneal transplantation, we used PCR and immunohistochemistry to investigate expression of P- and E-selectin in rejected versus accepted allografts and lymph node flow cytometry to assess expression of selectin ligands by effector T cells...
April 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26737575/combining-efficient-hand-crafted-features-with-learned-filters-for-fast-and-accurate-corneal-nerve-fibre-centreline-detection
#20
Roberto Annunziata, Ahmad Kheirkhah, Pedram Hamrah, Emanuele Trucco
We propose a new approach to corneal nerve fibre centreline detection for in vivo confocal microscopy images. Relying on a combination of efficient hand-crafted features and learned filters, our method offers an excellent compromise between accuracy and running time. Unlike previous solutions using sparse coding to learn small filter banks, we employ K-means to efficiently learn the high amount of filters needed to cope with the multiple challenges involved, e.g., low contrast and resolution, non-uniform illumination, tortuosity and confounding non-target structures...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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