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Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630186/loss-of-c-5-sterol-desaturase-activity-results-in-increased-resistance-to-azole-and-echinocandin-antifungals-in-a-clinical-isolate-of-candida-parapsilosis
#1
Jeffrey M Rybak, C Michael Dickens, Josie E Parker, Kelly Caudle, Kayihura Manigaba, Sarah G Whaley, Andrew Nishimoto, Arturo Luna-Tapia, Sujoy Roy, Qing Zhang, Katherine S Barker, Glen E Palmer, Thomas R Sutter, Ramin Homayouni, Nathan P Wiederhold, Steven L Kelly, P David Rogers
Among emerging non-albicans Candida species, C. parapsilosis is of particular concern as a cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections in neonatal and intensive care unit patients. While fluconazole and echinocandins are considered effective treatment of such infections, recent reports of fluconazole and echinocandin resistance in C. parapsilosis indicate a growing problem. The present study describes a novel mechanism of antifungal resistance in this organism affecting the susceptibility of azole and echinocandin antifungals in a clinical isolate obtained from a patient with prosthetic valve endocarditis...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629781/position-paper-for-the-evaluation-and-management-of-oral-status-in-patients-with-valvular-disease-groupe-de-travail-valvulopathies-de-la-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-cardiologie-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-chirurgie-orale-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-de-parodontologie-et-d-implantologie
#2
REVIEW
Sarah Millot, Philippe Lesclous, Marie-Laure Colombier, Loredana Radoi, Clément Messeca, Mathieu Ballanger, Jean-Luc Charrier, Philippe Tramba, Stéphane Simon, Alain Berrebi, Fabien Doguet, Emmanuel Lansac, Christophe Tribouilloy, Gilbert Habib, Xavier Duval, Bernard Iung
Oral health is of particular importance in patients with heart valve diseases because of the risk of infective endocarditis. Recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis before dental procedures have been restricted, but the modalities of oral evaluation and dental care are not detailed in guidelines. Therefore, a multidisciplinary working group reviewed the literature to propose detailed approaches for the evaluation and management of buccodental status in patients with valvular disease. Simple questions asked by a non-dental specialist may draw attention to buccodental diseases...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611136/a-rare-case-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-subspecies-abscessus-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-and-the-clinical-importance-of-inducible-erm-41-gene-testing
#3
Norman Beatty, Craig Brown, Tirdad Zangeneh, Mayar Al Mohajer
A 56-year-old man with a history of injection drug use and two prior episodes of native valve infective endocarditis presented with dyspnoea on exertion. Our preliminary work-up revealed bacteraemia with reported growth of 'Mycobacterium abscessus group' on multiple blood cultures. The patient was later found to have eustachian valve and prosthetic pulmonic valve endocarditis. Initially, he responded to standard antimycobacterial therapy for rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) with supporting laboratory susceptibilities...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608662/prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-caused-by-hacek-organisms-a-case-reports-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Ha Na Choi, Ki Ho Park, Soyoung Park, Jae Min Kim, Hyun Joon Kang, Jae Hun Park, Mi Suk Lee
HACEK is a rare cause of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). We describe 42-year-old male patient who presented with Aggregatibacter aphrophilus PVE and cerebral infarct. A. aphrophilus was isolated from his blood cultures as the sole pathogen, which was confirmed by subsequent 16S rRNA sequencing. He was treated with valve replacement surgery and an 8 week course of pathogen-directed antibiotic therapy and followed for 20 months without recurrence.
May 26, 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592789/are-sutureless-aortic-valves-suitable-for-severe-high-risk-patients-suffering-from-active-infective-aortic-valve-endocarditis
#5
Alexander Weymann, Johanna Konertz, Michael Laule, Karl Stangl, Pascal M Dohmen
BACKGROUND Sutureless aortic valves were introduced to facilitate minimally invasive aortic valve surgery. Since sutureless aortic valves are a feasible procedure, we evaluated if any benefits could be identified in severe high-risk patients with active infective endocarditis of the aortic valve. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between April 2014 and April 2015, a total of 42 patients received a sutureless Perceval® aortic valve (Sorin Biomedica Cardio Srl, Saluggia, Italy) for different indications. Nine of these patients (median age 71 years, range 47-83 years) suffered from active infective endocarditis, including four patients with prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis...
June 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592753/recent-surgical-results-for-active-endocarditis-complicated-with-perivalvular-abscess
#6
Daisuke Yoshioka, Koichi Toda, Jun-Ya Yokoyama, Ryohei Matsuura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yukitoshi Shirakawa, Toshiki Takahashi, Taichi Sakaguchi, Hirotsugu Fukuda, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for endocarditis patients with a perivalvular abscess is still challenging.Methods and Results:From 2009 to 2016, 470 patients underwent surgery for active endocarditis at 11 hospitals. Of these, 226 patients underwent aortic valve surgery. We compared the clinical results of 162 patients without a perivalvular abscess, 37 patients who required patch reconstruction of the aortic annulus (PR group) and 27 who underwent aortic root replacement (ARR group)...
June 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589481/surgical-case-of-isolated-pulmonary-valve-endocarditis-in-a-patient-without-predisposing-factors
#7
Kyohei Hatori, Satoshi Ohki, Tamiyuki Obayashi, Kiyomitsu Yasuhara, Hanako Hirai, Takao Miki
We report a case of isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis in a 47-year-old woman without predisposing factors. She had episodes of low-grade fever and non-productive cough and was initially diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia. With antibiotic treatment, her condition improved transiently, but she had repeated respiratory events. Forty days after her first visit, she complained of severe dyspnea. Echocardiography revealed a large vegetation adhering to the pulmonary valve and she was diagnosed with isolated pulmonary valve endocarditis...
June 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586598/an-unusual-pathogen-causing-native-valve-endocarditis
#8
Aneela Hussain, Nosheen Nasir, Bushra Jamil
We present the case of a gentleman who was being evaluated for restrictive lung disease and was incidentally found to have mitral valve stenosis on an HRCT. During the surgical procedure for valve replacement, he was found to have an abscess around the native mitral valve which was drained. Pus from the abscess as well as the valve tissue grew Propionibacterium acnes after holding the cultures long. The patient was treated with IV ceftriaxone with good response to therapy. While Propionibacterium acnes is known to cause prosthetic valve infections there are rare case reports with native valves...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585029/another-potential-step-to-improve-prosthetic-heart-valve-endocarditis-imaging-with-18-f-fdg-pet-ct
#9
EDITORIAL
Thomas H Schindler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585026/standardized-uptake-values-in-fdg-pet-ct-for-prosthetic-heart-valve-endocarditis-a-call-for-standardization
#10
Asbjørn M Scholtens, Laurens E Swart, Henryk J Te Kolste, Ricardo P J Budde, Marnix G E H Lam, Hein J Verberne
BACKGROUND: The significance of and threshold values for the standardized uptake value (SUV) in FDG PET/CT to diagnose prosthetic heart valve (PHV) endocarditis (PVE) are unclear at present. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the PubMed and EMBASE medical databases, comprising the following terms: (FDG OR *fluorode* OR *fluoro-de*) AND (endocarditis OR prosthetic heart valve OR valve replacement). Studies reporting SUVs correlated to the diagnosis of PVE were selected for analysis...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575189/prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-predictors-of-early-outcome-of-surgical-therapy-a-multicentric-study
#11
Nicola Luciani, Eugenio Mossuto, Davide Ricci, Marco Luciani, Marco Russo, Antonio Salsano, Alberto Pozzoli, Michele D Pierri, Augusto D'Onofrio, Giovanni A Chiariello, Franco Glieca, Alberto Canziani, Mauro Rinaldi, Paolo Nardi, Valentina Milazzo, Enrico M Trecarichi, Francesco Santini, Michele De Bonis, Lucia Torracca, Eleonora Bizzotto, Mario Tumbarello
OBJECTIVES: Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is an uncommon yet dreadful complication in patients with prosthetic valves that requires a distinct analysis from native valve endocarditis. The present study aims to investigate independent risk factors for early surgical outcomes in patients with PVE. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 8 Italian Cardiac Surgery Units from January 2000 to December 2013 by enrolling all PVE patients undergoing surgical treatment...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574530/quality-of-care-of-hospitalized-infective-endocarditis-patients-report-from-a-tertiary-medical-center
#12
Mohammad Amin Kashef, Jennifer Friderici, Jaime Hernandez-Montfort, Auras R Atreya, Peter Lindenauer, Tara Lagu
OBJECTIVE: There have been no recent studies describing the management and outcomes of patients with infective endocarditis (IE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients admitted to a tertiary medical center from 2007 to 2011 with a Duke criteria consistent discharge diagnosis of IE. We examined concordance with guideline recommendations. Outcomes included embolic events, inhospital and 1-year mortality, length of stay (LOS) and cardiac surgery...
June 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560560/fdg-pet-ct-in-prosthetic-heart-valve-endocarditis-there-is-no-need-to-wait
#13
EDITORIAL
A M Scholtens, R P J Budde, M G E H Lam, H J Verberne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554883/streptococcus-bovis-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-associated-with-silent-colonic-carcinoma
#14
Fatehi E Elzein, M Yasin Akhtar, Hatim Khairallah, Ali Albenmousa
A 75-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 3-month history of fever. Of note, she had a bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement 1 year prior to admission. Streptococcus bovis was isolated from three sets of blood cultures. An echocardiogram showed a flickering mass attached to the bioprosthesis. Her blood culture became sterile by the fourth day of ceftriaxone therapy. In spite of the absence of gastrointestinal symptoms, screening colonoscopy revealed an invasive colonic adenocarcinoma. The association linking S...
May 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544837/candida-endocarditis-a-review-of-twelve-episodes-in-eleven-patients
#15
Tatjana Lejko Zupanc, Mateja Logar
BACKGROUND: Candida spp. are a rare but important cause of infective endocarditis. The study aim was to describe pertinent clinical data on consecutive patients with Candida endocarditis treated at a tertiary referral center between 1984 and 2013. METHODS: A retrospective search of the authors' endocarditis database was performed and the medical records of patients with confirmed Candida endocarditis were reviewed. Important data relating to demographics, medical history and clinical data, as well as information on outcome and treatment, were extracted...
January 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530122/low-pacemaker-incidence-with-continuous-sutured-valves-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Lars Niclauss, Dominique Delay, Raymond Pfister, Sebastien Colombier, Matthias Kirsch, René Prêtre
Background Permanent pacemaker implantation after surgical aortic valve replacement depends on patient selection and risk factors for conduction disorders. We aimed to identify risk criteria and obtain a selected group comparable to patients assigned to transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Methods Isolated sutured aortic valve replacements in 994 patients treated from 2007 to 2015 were reviewed. Demographics, hospital stay, preexisting conduction disorders, surgical technique, and etiology in patients with and without permanent pacemaker implantation were compared...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498907/complicated-infective-aortic-endocarditis-comparison-of-different-surgical-strategies%C3%A2
#17
Miriam Silaschi, Niki Nicou, Ranjit Deshpande, Sanjay Chaubey, Max Baghai, Rafal Dworakowski, Olaf Wendler
OBJECTIVES: The choice of substitute during aortic valve replacement for infective endocarditis (IE) is still widely debated. We retrospectively reviewed all patients operated for aortic IE and compared groups according to the complexity of IE and substitutes implanted. METHODS: From 2000 to 2015, 187 patients were treated using stentless bioprostheses (SBP) as root replacement ( n  = 30), mechanical prostheses (MP, n  = 45) or stented bioprostheses (SP, n  = 112) (mean follow-up 4...
May 11, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491879/listeria-endocarditis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#18
Wilhelmina J A R M Valckx, Suzanne P M Lutgens, Hortence E Haerkens-Arends, Peter C Barneveld, Jaap J Beutler, Ellen K Hoogeveen
A 74-year-old hemodialysis patient with a history of an atrial septum defect closure, coronary bypass surgery, and a St. Jude aortic prosthetic valve was diagnosed with pneumonia and volume overload. Blood cultures were positive for Listeria monocytogenes, and amoxicillin was given for 2 weeks. Immediately after discontinuation of amoxicillin, fever relapsed. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography showed no sign of endocarditis. Given the fever relapse and 3 positive minor Duke criteria, an (18)F-FDG PET-CT scan ((18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography-computed tomography) scan was performed...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487168/clinical-predictors-and-clinical-prediction-rules-to-estimate-initial-patient-risk-for-infective-endocarditis-in-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Anthony D Bai, Arnav Agarwal, Marilyn Steinberg, Adrienne Showler, Lisa Burry, George A Tomlinson, Chaim M Bell, Andrew M Morris
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize diagnostic properties of risk factors and clinical prediction rules for diagnosing infective endocarditis (IE) in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Database from inception to January 6, 2016 to identify studies evaluating risk factors and clinical prediction rules for IE in SAB patients. Pooled estimates of diagnostic properties for main risk factors were calculated using a bivariate random effects model...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484654/exophiala-wangiella-dermatitidis-prosthetic-aortic-valve-endocarditis-and-prosthetic-graft-infection-in-an-immune-competent-patient
#20
Jay S Berger, Lucas R Cusumano, Joseph J Derose, Uzma N Sarwar
Exophiala (Wangiella) dermatitidis is an emerging dematiaceous fungus associated with high mortality rates and is a rare cause of endocarditis. We describe the first case of E. dermatitidis endocarditis of a prosthetic aortic valve and aortic graft in an immune competent patient with no clear risk factors of hematological acquisition.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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