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Pertussis fermentation broth

P Chong, M Klein
A general procedure for purifying biologically active pertussis toxin from Bordetella pertussis fermentation broth using affinity chromatography on heat-treated fetuin-Sepharose CL-4B is described. Diethanolamine is used as eluent in this single-step purification to prepare endotoxin-free pertussis toxin in good yield (70%) and high purity (greater than 95%). This one-step affinity chromatography procedure can be easily applied for large-scale preparation of pertussis toxin S1 subunit and its B-component. The affinity-purified S1 subunit is devoid of any of the histamine-sensitizing activity normally associated with pertussis toxin...
July 1989: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
P Chong, G Jackson, W Cwyk, M Klein
A simple and rapid method for the simultaneous determination of Bordetella pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA) concentrations in fermentation broths has been developed. The rapid single-step analysis performed by hydroxyapatite high-performance liquid chromatography using a salt gradient with UV detection allows both the separation of PT from FHA and the measurement of their respective concentrations. The assay is highly reproducible. Over 35 lots of acellular B. pertussis vaccine production lots were examined and PT concentrations measured by high-performance liquid chromatography were found to be in good agreement with the values obtained by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis densitometry...
July 20, 1990: Journal of Chromatography
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