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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108818/association-between-bone-scan-index-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Ikuno Ito, Kimiteru Ito, Shinichi Takahashi, Mitsuko Horibe, Rui Karita, Chika Nishizaka, Takako Nagai, Kohei Hamada, Hiroyuki Sato, Naoko Shindo
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between the bone scan index (BSI) and activities of daily living (ADL) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Among patients with advanced NSCLC, subjects who underwent bone scintigraphy were recruited from this study. Clinical information about patients, including the Barthel Index of ADL, was extracted from their medical charts. Variables including the age, sex, BSI, presence/absence skeletal-related events (SREs), diagnostic state (initial vs...
January 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102296/surface-reconstructions-and-related-local-properties-of-a-bifeo3-thin-film
#2
L Jin, P X Xu, Y Zeng, L Lu, J Barthel, T Schulthess, R E Dunin-Borkowski, H Wang, C L Jia
Coupling between lattice and order parameters, such as polarization in ferroelectrics and/or polarity in polar structures, has a strong impact on surface relaxation and reconstruction. However, up to now, surface structures that involve the termination of both matrix polarization and polar atomic planes have received little attention, particularly on the atomic scale. Here, we study surface structures on a BiFeO3 thin film using atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy. Two types of surface structure are found, depending on the polarization of the underlying ferroelectric domain...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102163/does-mobility-of-the-elderly-with-hip-fractures-improve-at-one-year-following-surgery-a-5-year-prospective-survey
#3
Babak Pourabbas, Mohammad Jafar Emami, Amir Reza Vosoughi, Hamid Namazi
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture and its consequences are one of the major causes of morbidity and disability in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to collect epidemiologic data and assess the daily activities and walking ability of patients 3 months and 1 year following surgery because of a hip fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively obtained data of all consecutive patients more than 50 years of age with any type of hip fracture from 2008 to 2013. After excluding pathologic fractures, hip fracture dislocations, non-surgically treated cases, and dead patients, functional status of the subjects at 3 months and 1 year after surgery was evaluated using a 10-degree scale of pain, modified Barthel index of daily activity, and independent walking ability...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101148/cell-therapy-for-cerebral-hemorrhage-five-year-follow-up-report
#4
Zhitian Chang, Gengsheng Mao, Lizhong Sun, Qiang Ao, Yongquan Gu, Ying Liu
The aim of the study was to examine treatment of cerebral hemorrhages with bone-marrow or human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs or Hu-MSCs) and conventional surgical approaches, and determine and compare the effectiveness, feasibility, safety and reproducibility of each method. A retrospective analysis was performed on a cohort of cell-treated cerebral hemorrhage patients from October 1, 2007 to October 1, 2009. A total of 24 patients, all of whom received conventional surgical treatment, were classified as follows: i) The control group consisted of 8 patients who received only hematoma removal surgery, ii) the autologous group consisted of 7 patients who received additional autologous bone marrow mononuclear cell transplantation, and iii) the allograft group consisted of 9 patients who received additional umbilical cord mononuclear cell transplantation...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097113/clinical-and-functional-outcomes-of-treatment-for-type-a1-intertrochanteric-femoral-fracture-in-elderly-patients-comparison-of-dynamic-hip-screw-and-proximal-femoral-nail-antirotation
#5
Hong Man Cho, Kyujung Lee
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the clinical and functional outcomes of dynamic hip screw (DHS) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) treatment of AO type 1 intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 194 consecutive patients with type A1 intertrochanteric femoral fractures who were treated with DHS (n=113) or PFNA (n=81). We evaluated operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and functional outcomes, walking ability, and the Barthel activities index...
December 2016: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096834/does-the-apache-ii-score-predict-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-discharged-from-a-weaning-center
#6
Anna Rojek-Jarmuła, Rainer Hombach, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the functional status of patients after prolonged mechanical ventilation are scarce, and little is known about its clinical predictors. AIM: To investigate whether the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score on admission may predict performance in activities of daily living on discharge from a weaning center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 were enrolled (n = 130)...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096671/local-mild-hypothermia-therapy-as-an-augmentation-strategy-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
Yu Han, Ke Sheng, Meilan Su, Nan Yang, Dong Wan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that the mild hypothermia therapy (MHT) could significantly improve the clinical outcomes for patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH). Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to systematically assess whether the addition of local MHT (LMHT) could significantly improve the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in treating HICH. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials on the combined application of MIS and LMHT (MIS+LMHT) vs MIS alone for treating HICH were searched up to September 2016 in databases...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092244/-depression-and-burden-on-primary-caregivers-of-elderly-persons-with-physical-dependence-of-the-umf-171
#8
Cristina Navarro-Sandoval, Lizbeth Carlota Uriostegui-Espíritu, Edna Gabriela Delgado-Quiñones, Minerva Natalia Sahagún-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: According to the National Health and Nutrition Survey of 2012, more than a quarter of older adults (26.9%) have some degree of disability, requiring a primary caregiver to perform basic activities of daily living. The aim is to determine the prevalence of depression and burden on primary caregivers of elderly persons with physical dependence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with non-probability sampling that included the primary caregivers of elderly patients with physical dependence...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089226/-coping-and-subjective-burden-in-primary-caregivers-of-dependent-elderly-relatives-in-andalusia-spain
#9
Margarita Pérez-Cruz, M Ángeles Muñoz-Martínez, Laura Parra-Anguita, Rafael Del-Pino-Casado
PURPOSE: To analyse the relationship between the type of coping and subjective burden in caregivers of dependent elderly relatives in Andalusia (Spain). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LOCATION: Primary Health Care (autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain). PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 198 primary caregivers of dependent elderly relatives. KEY MEASUREMENTS: Coping (Brief COPE), subjective burden (caregiver stress index), objective burden (functional capacity [Barthel Index], cognitive impairment [Pfeiffer Test], behavioural problems of the care recipient [Neuropsychiatric Inventory], and caregivers' dedication to caring), gender and kinship...
January 11, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088807/posterior-versus-anterior-circulation-stroke-in-young-adults-a-comparative-study-of-stroke-aetiologies-and-risk-factors-in-stroke-among-young-fabry-patients-sifap1
#10
Bettina von Sarnowski, Ulf Schminke, Ulrike Grittner, Christian Tanislav, Tobias Böttcher, Michael G Hennerici, Turgut Tatlisumak, Jukka Putaala, Manfred Kaps, Franz Fazekas, Christian Enzinger, Arndt Rolfs, Christof Kessler
BACKGROUND: Although 20-30% of all strokes occur in the posterior circulation, few studies have explored the characteristics of patients with strokes in the posterior compared to the anterior circulation so far. Especially data on young patients is missing. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of data of the prospective multi-centre European sifap1 study that investigated stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients aged 18-55 years, we compared vascular risk factors, stroke aetiology, presence of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and cerebral microbleeds (CMB) between patients with ischaemic posterior circulation stroke (PCS) and those having suffered from anterior circulation stroke (ACS) based on cerebral MRI...
January 14, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087954/functional-limitation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-long-term-stroke-survivors-in-a-malaysian-community
#11
M N Nor Azlin, N A Aziz, B S Saperi, S M Aljunid
PURPOSE: this study aimed to evaluate function and quality of life (QoL) and associated factors among long term stroke survivors in the Malaysian community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving stroke survivors living in the community at two or more years post-stroke. Eligible participants with the diagnosis of stroke were identified from 2005-2010 case mix database of a tertiary hospital. the patients' medical records were analysed and data on demographic and clinical profiles were collected...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075218/the-relationship-between-stroke-survivors-perceived-identity-and-mood-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life
#12
Irina Lapadatu, Reg Morris
OBJECTIVES: To examine change in identity after stroke and to elucidate its relationship with mood and quality of life. To test Higgins' theory of the impact of identity (self-discrepancy) on anxiety and depression. To examine the role of self-esteem in mediating the relationship between identity and outcomes. METHOD: Sixty-five community-living first-time stroke survivors, mean age 61.58 and time since stroke 5.60 years, were recruited from stroke charities. A cross-sectional study used the Head Injury Semantic Differential Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (adapted) and the Barthel Index...
January 11, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074998/-prognostic-factors-of-functional-recovery-from-a-stroke-at-one-year
#13
J A Moreno-Palacios, I Moreno-Martinez, A Bartolome-Nogues, E Lopez-Blanco, R Juarez-Fernandez, I Garcia-Delgado
INTRODUCTION: Recovery of the ability to walk and independence is fundamental for any patient who suffers a stroke, and it can be influenced by a number of factors. AIM: To determine what variables are more important to achieve a good functional recovery at one year after the stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An observational, longitudinal prospective study was conducted with 231 patients diagnosed with a stroke in the year 2013. An analysis was performed of the clinical characteristics, socio-demographic data, neurological situation at the time of hospitalisation -National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)-, functional situation (Rankin Scale and Barthel Index) and ability to walk, both on hospitalisation and on discharge from rehabilitation and at one year...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074658/hyperglycemia-as-a-prognosis-predictor-of-length-of-stay-and-functional-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#14
Abdul Gofir, Budi Mulyono, Sri Sutarni
Background Hyperglycemia has been shown to influence prognosisoutcome of stroke. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation betweenhyperglycemia with length of stay (LOS) and functional outcomes in ischemic stroke patients. This is the first study to correlate hyperglycemia in ischemic stroke patients with their functional outcome as assessed by using Barthel index. Methods This is a prospective cohort study of patients admitted to the Stroke Unit of Dr. Sardjito General Hospital for ischemic stroke from January 2012 to June 2014...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071146/cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Gustavo S Ribeiro, Rosangela D Melo, Luís F Deresz, Pedro Dal Lago, Mauro Rn Pontes, Marlus Karsten
Background Aortic stenosis is a valvular heart disease characterised by fixed obstruction of the left ventricular outflow. It can be managed by surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This review aimed to describe the evidence supporting a cardiac rehabilitation programme on functional capacity and quality of life in aortic stenosis patients after sAVR or TAVI. Methods The search was conducted on multiple databases from January to March 2016. All studies were eligible that evaluated the effects of a post-interventional cardiac rehabilitation programme in aortic stenosis patients...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068375/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-icecap-o-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#16
Carmen M Sarabia-Cobo, Paula Parás-Bravo, Francisco José Amo-Setién, Ana Rosa Alconero-Camarero, María Sáenz-Jalón, Blanca Torres-Manrique, Raquel Sarabia-Lavín, Angela Fernández-Rodríguez, Tamara Silio-García, Rosario Fernández-Peña, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibáñez-Margüello
BACKGROUND: Measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is important for a chronic disease, such as dementia, which impairs the quality of life of affected patients in addition to their length of life. This is important in the context of economic evaluations when interventions do not (only) affect HRQoL and these other factors also affect overall quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To validate the Spanish translation of the ICECAP-O's capability to measure Health-related quality of life in elderly with dementia who live in nursing homes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064172/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-prevent-frailty-in-pre-frail-community-dwelling-older-people-consulting-in-primary-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
M Serra-Prat, X Sist, R Domenich, L Jurado, A Saiz, A Roces, E Palomera, M Tarradelles, M Papiol
BACKGROUND: evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent frailty is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to assess the effect of an intervention in preventing frailty progression in pre-frail older people. STUDY DESIGN: a randomised, open label, controlled trial with two parallel arms. POPULATION: community-dwelling pre-frail older people (≥70 years) consulting in primary care. INTERVENTION: nutritional assessment (and derivation to a Nutritional Unit for usual care in the event of nutritional risk) and a physical activity programme including aerobic exercise and a set of mixed strengthening, balance and coordination exercises CONTROL GROUP: patients receiving the usual care...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060986/-ultrastructural-alterations-in-renal-biopsy-leading-to-the-diagnosis-of-hiv-infection
#18
Jorge Vega, M Elizabeth Barthel, Gonzalo P Méndez
HIV infection has different clinical presentations. We report a 21-year-old male with longstanding isolated microscopic hematuria attributed to thin glomerular basement membrane disease, who after 15 years of follow-up presented with significant proteinuria. A kidney biopsy was performed, revealing the presence of tubulo-reticular inclusions in the glomerular endothelial cells. This finding led to suspect an HIV infection, which was verified. Antiretroviral therapy, angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II receptor blockers were prescribed...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055959/preoperative-low-tri-iodothyronine-concentration-is-associated-with-worse-health-status-and-shorter-five-year-survival-of-primary-brain-tumor-patients
#19
Adomas Bunevicius, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Sarunas Tamasauskas, Timothy Smith, Edward R Laws, Robertas Bunevicius, Giorgio Iervasi, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: Low tri-iodothyronine syndrome is associated with worse prognosis of severely ill patients. We investigated the association of thyroid hormone levels with discharge outcomes and 5-year mortality in primary brain tumor patients. METHODS: From January, 2010 until September, 2011, 230 patients (70% women) before brain tumor surgery were evaluated for cognitive (Mini mental State Examination; MMSE) and functional (Barthel index; BI) status, and thyroid function profile...
December 30, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053514/clinical-outcome-and-predictors-of-adverse-events-of-an-enhanced-older-adult-psychiatric-liaison-service-rapid-assessment-interface-and-discharge-newport
#20
Inderpal Singh, Priya Fernando, Jane Griffin, Chris Edwards, Kathryn Williamson, Patrick Chance
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are currently admitting an increasing number of older people, and more than one-third could have an underlying mental health problem. The existing Older Adult Mental Health (OAMH) liaison service was increasingly unable to meet the escalating needs of older and frail patients. Therefore, the service was modernized and enhanced on an "invest-to-save" principle to provide a prompt holistic assessment for older adults with mental health problems. The objective of this study was a service evaluation to appraise clinical outcome, minimize the length of stay, and measure the predictors of adverse outcomes to streamline this enhanced service...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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