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Senja Barthel, Eugeny V Alexandrov, Davide M Proserpio, Berend Smit
We consider two metal-organic frameworks as identical if they share the same bond network respecting the atom types. An algorithm is presented that decides whether two metal-organic frameworks are the same. It is based on distinguishing structures by comparing a set of descriptors that is obtained from the bond network. We demonstrate our algorithm by analyzing the CoRe MOF database of DFT optimized structures with DDEC partial atomic charges using the program package ToposPro.
March 7, 2018: Crystal Growth & Design
Marius Georg Kaschner, Julian Caspers, Christian Rubbert, Raul Lande, Bastian Kraus, John-Ih Lee, Michael Gliem, Sebastian Jander, Bernd Turowski
Introduction While effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy (MTE) in M1 segment occlusion is approved for patients with severe impairment, there is a lack of evidence for a potential benefit of MTE in patients with minor to moderate symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate neurological outcome and occurrence of periprocedural complications after MTE in patients with low National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores. Materials and methods A retrospective analysis of 1081 consecutive patients with anterior circulation ischemic stroke due to M1 occlusion detected by computed tomography angiography and treated with MTE at our hospital between February 2012 and November 2017 was performed...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
Albert Ariza-Solé, Carme Guerrero, Francesc Formiga, Jaime Aboal, Emad Abu-Assi, Francisco Marín, Héctor Bueno, Oriol Alegre, Ramón López-Palop, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Pau Vilardell, Alessandro Sionis, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Juan Sanchís, Jordi Bañeras, Agnès Rafecas, Cinta Llibre, Javier López, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier
BACKGROUND:  Bleeding risk scores have shown a limited predictive ability in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No study explored the role of a comprehensive geriatric assessment to predict in-hospital bleeding in this clinical setting. METHODS:  The prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry included 532 unselected patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS (NSTEACS) aged 80 years or older. Comorbidity (Charlson index), frailty (FRAIL scale), disability (Barthel index and Lawton-Brody index), cognitive status (Pfeiffer test) and nutritional risk (mini nutritional assessment-short form test) were assessed during hospitalization...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Yueh-Min Liu, Hong-Jer Chang, Ru-Hwa Wang, Li-King Yang, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Yi-Chou Hou
Background: Patients who undergo hemodialysis encounter challenges including role changes, physical degeneration, and difficulty in performing activities of daily living (ADLs) and self-care. These challenges deteriorate their physiological and psychosocial conditions, resulting in depression. High resilience (RES) and social support can alleviate stress and depression. This study evaluated the importance of RES and social support in managing depression in elderly patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Izabela Wróblewska, Iwona Zborowska, Anna Dąbek, Robert Susło, Zuzanna Wróblewska, Jarosław Drobnik
Background: The incidence of chronic diseases increases with age; about 73% of people who are aged ≥60 years suffer from at least 1 chronic disease, and among those older than 70 years, chronic diseases afflict more than >84% of the population. According to epidemiological data, at least 4 chronic disease types coexist in senior citizens, causing their disability. These are mainly cardiovascular diseases; motor system diseases; ophthalmological, auditory, neurological, and mental diseases; and mental impairment...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
So Young Lee, Eun Young Han, Bo Ryun Kim, Sang Hee Im
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a motorized aquatic treadmill exercise program improve the isometric strength of the knee muscles, cardiorespiratory fitness, arterial stiffness, motor function, balance, functional outcomes and quality of life in subacute stroke patients. DESIGN: Thirty-two patients were randomly assigned to 4-week training sessions of either aquatic therapy(n=19) or land-based aerobic exercise(n=18). Isometric strength was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Matthew Witman, Sanliang Ling, Peter Boyd, Senja Barthel, Maciej Haranczyk, Ben Slater, Berend Smit
Scientific interest in two-dimensional (2D) materials, ranging from graphene and other single layer materials to atomically thin crystals, is quickly increasing for a large variety of technological applications. While in silico design approaches have made a large impact in the study of 3D crystals, algorithms designed to discover atomically thin 2D materials from their parent 3D materials are by comparison more sparse. We hypothesize that determining how to cut a 3D material in half (i.e., which Miller surface is formed) by severing a minimal number of bonds or a minimal amount of total bond energy per unit area can yield insight into preferred crystal faces...
February 28, 2018: ACS Central Science
Sławomir Tobis, Krystyna Jaracz, Dorota Talarska, Sylwia Kropińska, Ewa Zasadzka, Mariola Pawlaczyk, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Ian Philp, Aleksandra Suwalska
EASYCare Standard 2010 is a brief instrument identifying concerns in health, functional independence, and well-being, from older persons' perspective. It has not previously been validated for self-assessment. Our aim was to determine whether self-assessment (EC1) can give comparable results to an evaluation performed by professionals (EC2), for older people living at home. The study included community-dwelling individuals (aged at least 60 years, n  = 100; 67 females) without dementia (abbreviated mental test score [AMTS] above 6)...
March 2018: European Journal of Ageing
Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Sylvain Frascarolo, Christophe J Büla
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between isolated and combined affective and cognitive impairments with functional outcomes and discharge destination in older patients admitted to rehabilitation after a hip fracture. METHODS: Prospective study in 612 community-dwelling patients aged 65 years and over, admitted to rehabilitation after surgery for hip fracture. Information on socio-demographics, medical, functional, affective, and cognitive status was systematically collected at admission...
March 12, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Giovanni Morone, Stefano Masiero, Paola Coiro, Domenico De Angelis, Vincenzo Venturiero, Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa
BACKGROUND: Robotic walking training improves probability to reach an autonomous walking in non-ambulant patients affected by subacute stroke. However, little information is available regarding the prognostic factors for identifying best responder patients. The purpose of the present study is therefore to investigate the clinical features of patients with subacute stroke that might benefit more from robotic walking therapy. METHODS: One hundred subacute inpatients randomized in robotic or conventional gait training were assessed at baseline and after 4 weeks of training performed 5 times per week...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Yayuan Liu, Li Chen, Jinseng Zeng, Wenmei Li, Sudan Zeng, Bin Ye, Zhijian Liang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the reorganization in ipsilesional and contralesional thalamic radiation fibers after unilateral focal thalamic stroke in sensory disturbance patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 12 patients with acute unilateral thalamic infarction and sensory disturbance and 12 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. All patients underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and were assessed with National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS), Barthel index (BI), and paragraph 8 of NIHSS (NIHSS8) at 1 week (W1), 4 weeks (W4), 3 months (M3), and 6 months (M6) after thalamic infraction...
March 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Núria López-Matons, Dolors Conill Badell, Gloria Obrero Cusidó, Domènec Gil Saladié, Jaume Padrós Selma, Adela Martin-López
OBJECTIVE: Describe the prevalence of the anticholinergic drugs (AD) used in patients who consult in regard to loss of memory. Assess the cognitive and functional repercussion of these drugs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the clinic history of the patients who consulted the clinic in 2015 and 2016. We used the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale. We explored cognition with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and function with the Barthel Index and the Lawton and Brody Scale...
March 7, 2018: Medicina Clínica
Yun Dong, Dax Steins, Shanbin Sun, Fei Li, James D Amor, Christopher J James, Zhidao Xia, Helen Dawes, Hooshang Izadi, Yi Cao, Derick T Wade
BACKGROUND: Practicing activities improves recovery after stroke, but many people in hospital do little activity. Feedback on activity using an accelerometer is a potential method to increase activity in hospital inpatients. This study's goal is to investigate the effect of feedback, enabled by a Smart watch, on daily physical activity levels during inpatient stroke rehabilitation and the short-term effects on simple functional activities, primarily mobility. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial will be undertaken within the stroke rehabilitation wards of the Second Affiliated hospital of Anhui University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hefei, China...
March 9, 2018: Trials
Yoav Eizenberg, Ehud Grossman, David Tanne, Silvia Koton
The impact of beta-blockers (BB) treatment on stroke outcome is unclear. We used data from a prospective national stroke registry to assess the associations between use of BB and poor outcome 3 months after stroke. Using the National Acute Stroke Israeli (NASIS) registry, we identified 1126 patients with ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage with pre-stroke hypertension treatment, who were followed for 3-months. Functional outcome and mortality at 3-month were compared by use of BB, adjusting for demographics and clinical factors...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Chunhua Ma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study are to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people with hypertension in rural areas of China and to clarify the predictors influencing depressive symptoms in these patients. BACKGROUND: Although many studies have described the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people, these studies mainly focused on those in urban areas. Few studies explicitly clarify the depressive symptoms of older patients with hypertension in rural China...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Louis Barthel, Juan José Hidalgo Diaz, Paul Vernet, Stéphanie Gouzou, Sybille Facca, Yuka Igeta, Philippe Liverneaux
BACKGROUNDS: The goal of this study was to compare trapeziectomy alone to trapeziectomy associated with a technique of suspensionplasty using the abductor pollicis longus with a minimum of 6 years of follow-up in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint. METHODS: Our series included 46 trapeziectomies in 35 patients, aged 69 years in average, among which 27 were women. In 27 cases group I, a trapeziectomy alone was performed, and in 19 cases group II, a trapeziectomy associated with an abductor pollicis longus suspensionplasty was performed...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
H J Arwert, J J L Meesters, J Boiten, F Balk, R Wolterbeek, T P M Vliet Vlieland
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the prevalence of depressive mood and its determinants in the chronic phase after stroke. DESIGN: 576 consecutive patients were invited to participate 2-5 years after hospitalization for a first-ever stroke. Stroke characteristics at hospitalization were collected retrospectively from medical records. Patients and their caregivers completed questionnaires on depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; HADS), socio-demographic characteristics, healthcare usage, daily activities, Quality of Life and caregiver strain...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Yong-Il Shin, Soo-Yeon Kim, Hae In Lee, Deog Young Kim, Jongmin Lee, Min Kyun Sohn, Sam-Gyu Lee, Gyung-Jae Oh, Yang-Soo Lee, Min Cheol Joo, Eun Young Han, Junhee Han, Myung Hoon Moon, Won Hyuk Chang, Youngtaek Kim, Yun-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between spasticity severity and functional outcomes during the first year after stroke. DESIGN: The Korean Stroke Cohort for Functioning and Rehabilitation is a large, multicenter, prospective cohort study of all patients with acute first-ever stroke admitted to participating hospitals in nine Korean areas. To investigate the correlation between spasticity severity and functional status measured by using the Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS), Modified Barthel Index(MBI), Functional Independence Measurement(FIM), Fugl-Meyer Assessment(FMA), Functional Ambulatory Category(FAC), modified Rankin scale(mRS), and American Speech-Language Hearing Association National Outcome Measurement System Swallowing Scale(ASHA-NOMS), data were analyzed at 3, 6, and 12 months after the occurrence of stroke...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Shanshan Li, Xinjiang Zhang, Qi Fang, Junshan Zhou, Meijuan Zhang, Hui Wang, Yan Chen, Biyun Xu, Yanfeng Wu, Lai Qian, Yun Xu
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) in acute ischaemic stroke and its impact on the recurrence of vascular events. Methods: We conducted a multicentre, prospective, randomised, open label, blinded, controlled clinical trial enrollingpatients with an onset of acute stroke within 7 days from five hospitals in China Jiangsu Province. Participants were assigned to the GBE group (450 mg GBE with 100 mg aspirin daily) or the control group (100 mg aspirin daily) for 6 months...
December 2017: Stroke and Vascular Neurology
Esmeralda Molina-Robles, Marta Colomer-Codinachs, Marta Roquet-Bohils, Emilia Chirveches-Pérez, Pep Ortiz-Jurado, Mireia Subirana-Casacuberta
OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of a standard hospital educational intervention including active physical exercises on personal well-being, functional capacity and knowledge of the benefits of prescribed physical activity for patients undergoing haemodialysis. METHOD: An uncontrolled, quasi-experimental, before-and-after study with repeated measures of response variables at 4, 8 and 12 weeks after participating in an educational and physical exercise hospital intervention...
March 1, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
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