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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340245/effects-of-the-visual-feedback-based-force-platform-training-with-functional-electric-stimulation-on-the-balance-and-prevention-of-falls-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Zhen Li, Xiu-Xia Wang, Yan-Yi Liang, Shu-Yan Chen, Jing Sheng, Shao-Jun Ma
Background: Force platform training with functional electric stimulation aimed at improving balance may be effective in fall prevention for older adults. Aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of the visual-feedback-based force platform balance training with functional electric stimulation on balance and fall prevention in older adults. Methods: A single-centre, unblinded, randomized controlled trial was conducted. One hundred and twenty older adults were randomly allocated to two groups: the control group (n = 60, one-leg standing balance exercise, 12 min/d) or the intervention group (n = 60, force platform training with functional electric stimulation, 12 min/d)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339206/objective-sleep-measures-in-subacute-stroke-inpatients-associated-with-levels-and-improvements-in-activities-of-daily-living
#2
Ren-Jing Huang, Ching-Hsiang Lai, Shin-Da Lee, Fang-Yu Pai, Shen-Wen Chang, Ai-Hui Chung, Yi-Fang Chang, Hua Ting
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether objective polysomnographic measures of prevalent sleep problems such as sleep-disordered-breathing (SDB) and insomnia are associated with activities of daily living levels in inpatients at rehabilitation units DESIGN: Retrospective and observational study SETTING: Single rehabilitation center PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-three enrolled subacute stroke inpatients (61.6 ± 13.1 years; 23.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2; 33% female; 90.5 ± 36.7 days post-stroke) underwent a one-night polysomnography study and one-month-long inpatient rehabilitation program...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334273/the-barthel-index-and-the-cumulated-ambulation-score-are-superior-to-the-de-morton-mobility-index-for-the-early-assessment-of-outcome-in-patients-with-a-hip-fracture-admitted-to-an-acute-geriatric-ward
#3
Signe Hulsbæk, Rikke Faebo Larsen, Susanne Rosthøj, Morten Tange Kristensen
PURPOSE: To examine clinimetric properties of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) in patients with hip fracture in comparison with the modified Barthel Index (BI), Cumulated Ambulation Score (CAS), and 30-s Chair Stand Test (30-s CST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and twenty two patients with a hip fracture admitted to a geriatric ward following surgery were assessed on day 1 and at discharge (mean of 9 [SD 5.1] post-surgery days). RESULTS: Ninety eight percent and 89% of patients were not able to perform the 30-s CST at baseline and at discharge (large floor effect), respectively...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333801/efficacy-of-the-regent-suit-based-rehabilitation-on-gait-emg-patterns-in-hemiparetic-subjects-a-pilot-study
#4
Luigi Iuppariello, Giovanni D'Addio, Maria Romano, Paolo Bifulco, Nicola Pappone, Bernardo Lanzillo, Mario Cesarelli
BACKGROUND: The recovery of the functional limb mobility of patients with cerebral damages can take great benefit of the role offered by proprioceptive rehabilitation. Recently have been developed a special Regent Suit (RS) for rehabilitative applications. Actually, there are preliminary studies which describes the effects of RS on gait recovery of stroke patients in acute stage, but none in chronic stage. Moreover, it is known that motor recovery does not always reflect improvements of the muscle activity and coactivity...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331842/predicting-1-year-disability-and-mortality-of-injured-older-adults
#5
Alvin D Jeffery, Mary S Dietrich, Cathy A Maxwell
PURPOSE: The growing incidence of elderly patients injured from falls, combined with a growing understanding of the contribution of cognition and frailty to mortality, prompted this work. Our objective was to develop a clinical risk prediction model for prognosticating disability and mortality among injured older adults 1 year after hospitalization. METHODS: Secondary analysis of prospective longitudinal data from an urban Level 1 trauma center. A proportional odds regression model was used to model mortality and functional status as ordinal outcomes...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330838/the-potential-impact-of-multidimesional-geriatric-assessment-in-the-social-security-system
#6
Graziamaria Corbi, Immacolata Ambrosino, Marco Massari, Onofrio De Lucia, Sirio Simplicio, Michele Dragone, Giuseppe Paolisso, Massimo Piccioni, Nicola Ferrara, Carlo Pietro Campobasso
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of multidimensional geriatric assessment (MGA/CGA) in patients over 65 years old in predicting the release of the accompaniment allowance (AA) indemnity by a Local Medico-Legal Committee (MLC-NHS) and by the National Institute of Social Security Committee (MLC-INPS). METHODS: In a longitudinal observational study, 200 Italian elder citizens requesting AA were first evaluated by MLC-NHS and later by MLC-INPS. Only MLC-INPS performed a MGA/CGA (including SPMSQ, Barthel Index, GDS-SF, and CIRS)...
January 12, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327212/a-composite-of-functional-status-and-pneumonia-severity-index-improves-the-prediction-of-pneumonia-mortality-in-older-patients
#7
Francisco Sanz, María Morales-Suárez-Varela, Estrella Fernández, Luis Force, María José Pérez-Lozano, Vicente Martín, Mikel Egurrola, Jesús Castilla, Jenaro Astray, Diana Toledo, Ángela Domínguez
BACKGROUND: The baseline health status may be a determinant of interest in the evolution of pneumonia. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the predictive ability of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) mortality by combining the Barthel Index (BI) and Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) in patients aged ≥ 65 years. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MAIN MEASURES: In this prospective, observational, multicenter analysis of comorbidities, the clinical data, additional examinations and severity of CAP were measured by the PSI and functional status by the BI...
January 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326899/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-exercise-rehabilitation-program-on-walking-capacity-and-functionality-after-a-stroke
#8
Montserrat Grau Pellicer, Andrés Chamarro Lusar, Josep Medina Casanovas, Bernat-Carles Serdà Ferrer
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking ability and activities of daily living (ADLs) among people who had suffered a stroke. Thirty-one stroke survivors who had completed a conventional rehabilitation program voluntarily participated in the study. Twenty-six participants completed the multimodal exercise rehabilitation program (2 days/wk, 1 hr/session). Physical outcome measures were: walking speed (10-m walking test), walking ability (6-min walking test and functional ambulation classification) and ADLs (Barthel Index)...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326085/frailty-and-leucocyte-count-are-predictors-of-all-cause-mortality-and-hospitalization-length-in-non-demented-institutionalized-older-women
#9
Julio Fernandez-Garrido, Vicente Ruiz-Ros, Rut Navarro-Martínez, Cristina Buigues, Mary Martínez-Martínez, Yolanda Verdejo, Laura Sanantonio-Camps, Mª Carmen Mascarós, Omar Cauli
Alteration in the immune system such as the number of white blood cells count (WBC) has been associated with frailty syndrome but their role in institutionalized older individuals have been rarely investigated. We evaluated the relationships between white blood cell subtypes, geriatric assessment, depression and frailty syndrome based on the criteria of physical phenotype. In particular, we aimed to analyze by a two-year follow-up and prospective study the predictive value of alterations in WBC, frailty and functional impairment in terms of hospitalizations and all-cause mortality in institutionalized older women...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322962/etiologic-spectrum-and-prognosis-in-noncompressive-acute-transverse-myelopathies-an-experience-of-80-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-facility
#10
Shuchit Pandey, Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Amita Jain, Kiran P Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Rajesh Verma, Praveen K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the spectrum of acquired demyelinating and inflammatory disorders in patients presenting with an acute transverse myelopathy. We also studied differences between an acute idiopathic transverse myelitis and myelitis resulting from other etiologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with acute transverse myelopathy were included. At inclusion, clinical profile, serum and cerebrospinal fluid parameters, brain and spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging, and visual evoked potentials were obtained...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319397/relationship-between-pain-and-functional-status-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#11
Natsuko Ishida, Shuya Hongo, Ayaka Kumano, Hiroyuki Hatta, Nobuyuki Zakoji, Makiko Hirutani, Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Hirohumi Aono, Moe Tuigi, Ryohei Suzuki, Hiroshi Hanamitsu, Eisaku Wakasugi, Masaaki Takahashi, Akimasa Yamatani
BACKGROUND: Pain is a widely neglected symptom in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), even though it may be common and have a significant impact on the quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and characteristics of pain and its treatment in ALS patients. DESIGN: A multicenter cross-sectional study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Eighty patients with ALS from eight hospitals...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318859/-xingnao-kaiqiao-acupuncture-acupuncture-technique-for-restoring-consciousness-combined-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-in-patients-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-clinical-observation-and-its-influence-on-blood-rheology
#12
Sheng-Yu Zhang, Shao-Bing Liu, Hong-Wu Xie, Yi-Min Chen, Kang-Lin Liao, Yong Xiang, Dun Pan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of "Xingnao Kaiqiao" acupuncture(acupuncture technique for restoring consciousness) combined with hyperbaric oxygen in patients with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and assess its influence on blood rheology. METHODS: Forty patients with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy were randomly divided into treatment group and control group with 20 cases in each group. The treatment group received "Xingnao Kaiqiao" acupuncture combined with hyperbaric oxygen, and the control group received hyperbaric oxygen only...
December 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316430/tumor-evolution-of-glioma-intrinsic-gene-expression-subtypes-associates-with-immunological-changes-in-the-microenvironment
#13
Qianghu Wang, Baoli Hu, Xin Hu, Hoon Kim, Massimo Squatrito, Lisa Scarpace, Ana C deCarvalho, Sali Lyu, Pengping Li, Yan Li, Floris Barthel, Hee Jin Cho, Yu-Hsi Lin, Nikunj Satani, Emmanuel Martinez-Ledesma, Siyuan Zheng, Edward Chang, Charles-Etienne Gabriel Sauvé, Adriana Olar, Zheng D Lan, Gaetano Finocchiaro, Joanna J Phillips, Mitchel S Berger, Konrad R Gabrusiewicz, Guocan Wang, Eskil Eskilsson, Jian Hu, Tom Mikkelsen, Ronald A DePinho, Florian Muller, Amy B Heimberger, Erik P Sulman, Do-Hyun Nam, Roel G W Verhaak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315202/the-effects-of-white-noise-on-agitated-behaviors-mental-status-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-older-adults-with-dementia
#14
Li-Wei Lin, Shu-Chuan Weng, Hua-Shan Wu, Lu-Jen Tsai, Ya-Ling Lin, Shu-Hui Yeh
BACKGROUND: The aging of society is a global trend, and care of older adults with dementia is an urgent challenge. As dementia progresses, patients exhibit negative emotions, memory disorders, sleep disorders, and agitated behavior. Agitated behavior is one of the most difficult problems for family caregivers and healthcare providers to handle when caring for older adults with dementia. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of white noise in improving agitated behavior, mental status, and activities of daily living in older adults with dementia...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306359/the-culturally-adapted-italian-version-of-the-barthel-index-icabi-assessment-of-structural-validity-inter-rater-reliability-and-responsiveness-to-clinically-relevant-improvements-in-patients-admitted-to-inpatient-rehabilitation-centers
#15
S F Castiglia, G Galeoto, A Lauta, A Palumbo, F Tirinelli, F Viselli, Valter Santilli, M L Sacchetti
The Barthel Index (BI) is widely used to determine eligibility criteria for inpatient rehabilitation and to monitor patients' recovery, irrespective of the illnesses that affect them. The culturally adapted Italian version of the Barthel Index (IcaBI) was recently validated. This paper reports the structural validity and inter-rater reliability of the IcaBI and its responsiveness to the results of inpatient rehabilitation. The IcaBI was administered to a cohort of 264 patients hospitalized in two rehabilitation centers in Rome, Italy...
October 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306255/adaptation-reliability-and-validity-study-of-the-hwalek-sengstockelder-abuse-screening-test-h-s-east-a-turkish-version
#16
Nilgün Özçakar, Akça Toprak Ergönen, Mehtap Kartal, Hakan Baydur
Background/aim: The most important issues in elder abuse and neglect are lack of awareness and difficulties in determining the situation. Our aim is to determine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test (H-S/EAST).Materials and methods: The H-S/EAST (15-itemed, three-dimensional: direct abuse, characteristics of vulnerability, and potentially abusive situation) was translated according to the guidelines and experts evaluated it for content validity and cultural adaptation...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302537/morbidity-pattern-and-its-relation-to-functional-limitations-among-old-age-rural-population-in-kerala-india
#17
R Anil Das, S Ganesh Kumar, Gautam Roy
Background: In the present era of demographic transition, morbidity pattern among geriatric population and its relation to functional limitations is an important health issue in developing countries. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the reported morbidities and its relation to functional limitations among rural geriatric population. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 167 old age participants aged ≥60 years to assess morbidities and its relation to functional limitations in a rural area of Kerala, India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300435/orthostatic-hypotension-and-associated-factors-among-home-care-clients-aged-75-years-or-older-a-population-based-study
#18
A Luukkonen, M Tiihonen, T Rissanen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine orthostatic hypotension (OH) and associated factors among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 244 home care clients aged 75 years or older living in Eastern and Central Finland. MEASUREMENTS: Nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists collected clinical data including orthostatic blood pressure, depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale GDS-15), nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA), drug use, self-rated health, daily activities (Barthel ADL Index and Lawton and Brody IADL scale) and self-rated ability to walk 400 metres...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300422/occlusal-support-dysphagia-malnutrition-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-aged-individuals-needing-long-term-care-a-path-analysis
#19
H Wakabayashi, M Matsushima, H Ichikawa, S Murayama, S Yoshida, M Kaneko, R Mutai
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the interrelationships among occlusal support, dysphagia, malnutrition, and activities of daily living in aged individuals needing long-term care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study and path analysis. SETTING: Long-term health care facilities, acute care hospitals, and the community. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and fifty-four individuals aged ≥ 65 years with dysphagia or potential dysphagia in need of long-term care...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299383/the-short-and-long-term-efficacy-analysis-of-stereotactic-surgery-combined-external-ventricular-drainage-in-the-treatment-of-the-secondary-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#20
Wei Yi Han, Ying Qun Tao, Feng Xu, You Qian Zhang, Zhi Yong Li, Guo Biao Liang
Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of minimally invasive stereotactic puncture therapy (MISPT) combined with external ventricular drainage (EVD) on secondary intraventricular hemorrhage (SIVH). Methods: A retrospective analysis of the patients of intraventricular hemorrhage from May 2013 to January 2015 was conducted in our hospital, according to the enrollment criterion; of which 40 patients were treated by MISPT combined with EVD (ME group) and 45 patients by conventional craniotomy combined with EVD (CE group)...
December 2017: Brain and Behavior
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