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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535643/-clinical-analysis-of-10-patients-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-associated-with-arachnoid-cyst
#1
J Sun, W Wang, D Wang, S An, L Xue, Y Wang, S G Zhu, R C Jiang, X J Yang, S Y Yue
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, pathogenesis and surgical strategy for the chronic subdural hematoma associated with arachnoid cyst (AC). Method: Ten patients of chronic subdural hematoma associated with AC were retrospectively enrolled from the Neurosurgery Department of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2012 to September 2015, with a mean age of 27.5±5.6 years (range, 18-37 years). All patients simply performed a burr hole drainage of hematoma and left the AC intact, then followed up for 12 to 18 months after discharge respectively...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534490/quantifying-similarity-of-pore-geometry-in-nanoporous-materials
#2
Yongjin Lee, Senja D Barthel, Paweł Dłotko, S Mohamad Moosavi, Kathryn Hess, Berend Smit
In most applications of nanoporous materials the pore structure is as important as the chemical composition as a determinant of performance. For example, one can alter performance in applications like carbon capture or methane storage by orders of magnitude by only modifying the pore structure. For these applications it is therefore important to identify the optimal pore geometry and use this information to find similar materials. However, the mathematical language and tools to identify materials with similar pore structures, but different composition, has been lacking...
May 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530142/a-targeted-self-management-approach-for-reducing-stroke-risk-factors-in-african-american-men-who-have-had-a-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#3
Martha Sajatovic, Curtis Tatsuoka, Elisabeth Welter, Kari Colon-Zimmermann, Carol Blixen, Adam T Perzynski, Shelly Amato, Jamie Cage, Johnny Sams, Shirley M Moore, Svetlana Pundik, Sophia Sundararajan, Charles Modlin, Cathy Sila
PURPOSE: This study compared a novel self-management (TargetEd MAnageMent Intervention [TEAM]) versus treatment as usual (TAU) to reduce stroke risk in African American (AA) men. DESIGN: Six-month prospective randomized controlled trial with outcomes evaluated at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. SETTING: Academic health center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight (age < 65) AA men who had a stroke or transient ischemic attack and a Barthel index score of >60 were randomly assigned to TEAM (n = 19) or TAU (n = 19)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527267/assessment-of-factors-associated-with-functional-status-in-60-years-old-and-older-adults-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#4
Carlos Cano-Gutiérrez, Miguel Germán Borda, Carlos Reyes-Ortiz, Antonio J Arciniegas, Rafael Samper-Ternent
INTRODUCTION: Functional impairment produces a wide range of negative effects such as difficulty in mobility, social isolation, decreased quality of life, disability and institutionalization. Thus, functional status measurement is a marker of social wellbeing. OBJECTIVE: To determine and characterize the socio-demographic factors and health conditions related to functional impairment in older adults in Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from the SABE Bogotá Study...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522098/study-of-association-of-severity-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-functional-outcome-in-stroke-patients
#5
Rohit Kumar, J C Suri, Rajesh Manocha
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent yet underrecognized condition that may have major adverse consequences for those affected by it. We performed a prospective observational study to seek a correlation of severity of SDB with the severity of stroke and its functional outcome. METHODS: Patients with history of recent-onset stroke were recruited and underwent overnight polysomnography (PSG) after the acute phase of the stroke was over; for defining hypopneas, 3% and 4% desaturation limits were used, and the apnea-hypopnea index was respectively calculated as AHI3% and AHI4%...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513800/sociodemographic-factors-and-functional-capacity-of-elderly-affected-by-stroke
#6
Michelinne Oliveira Machado Dutra, Alexsandro Silva Coura, Inacia Sátiro Xavier de França, Bertha Cruz Enders, Mayara Araújo Rocha
Introduction: Diseases of old age have shown increasing prevalence in society. One of them is stroke, which can be conceptualized as the interruption of cerebral blood supply due to a leakage or blood vessel obstruction caused by clots. Objective: To verify the associations between sociodemographic factors and the functional capacity of elderly affected by stroke. Methods: This is an epidemiological, cross-sectional, and quantitative study, including 118 elderly people with paralyses due to stroke, who were registered in one of the Family Health Strategies units of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511965/relationship-between-hospital-volume-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-retrospective-observational-study-using-a-national-inpatient-database-in-japan
#7
Tomoki Wada, Hideo Yasunaga, Kent Doi, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Yoichi Kitsuta, Susumu Nakajima
BACKGROUND: The relationship between hospital volume and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not completely understood in a real clinical setting. We investigated whether patients admitted with TBI achieved better outcomes in high-volume hospitals than in low-volume hospitals using a national inpatient database in Japan. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the Diagnosis Combination Procedure database in Japan. We included patients with TBI admitted to hospitals with a Japan Coma Scale (JCS) score ≥2 between April 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511639/physical-activity-among-hospitalized-older-adults-an-observational-study
#8
Sigurd Evensen, Olav Sletvold, Stian Lydersen, Kristin Taraldsen
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity is common among hospitalized older adults and is associated with worse prognosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the pattern and level of physical activity in a group of hospitalized older adults and to identify factors associated with physical activity. METHODS: We measured physical activity on day three after admission using accelerometer based activity monitors and time in upright position as outcome measure. We collected data of physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery, SPPB...
May 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511591/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-signs-of-depression-scale-with-a-revised-scoring-mechanism-in-stroke-patients-with-communicative-impairment
#9
Mariska J van Dijk, Janneke M de Man-van Ginkel, Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir, Marieke J Schuurmans
OBJECTIVES: To investigate (1) the diagnostic value of the Signs of Depression Scale (SODS) in a Likert scale format and (2) whether the Likert scale improves the diagnostic value compared with the original dichotomous scale. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicentre study. SETTING: One general and one university hospital in the Netherlands. SUBJECTS: A total of 116 consecutive hospitalized stroke patients, of whom 53 were patients with communicative impairment...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510288/the-relationship-of-physiopsychosocial-factors-and-spiritual-well-being-in-elderly-residents-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#10
Yi-Heng Chen, Li-Chan Lin, Li-Lan Chuang, Mei-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Older adults in residential settings frequently suffer from functional decline, mental illness, and social isolation, which make them more vulnerable to spiritual distress. However, empirical evidence of the interrelationships between physiopsychosocial variables and spiritual well-being are still lacking, limiting the application of the biopsychosocial-spiritual model in institutional healthcare practice. AIMS: To explain the mechanisms by which these variables are linked, this cross-sectional study tested a causal model of predictors of spiritual well-being among 377 institutionalized older adults with disability using a structural equation modeling approach...
May 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506697/inflammation-and-hemostasis-in-older-octogenarians-implication-in-5-year-survival
#11
Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Francesc Formiga, Assumpta Ferrer, Glòria Padrós, Esther Peña, Lina Badimon
Social changes and medical advances have increased longevity, but the conditions governing healthy vs unhealthy cardiovascular (CV) aging are not fully known. Factors beyond classical CV risk factors may have an important unrecognized value. We sought to identify proteins differentially expressed in healthy octogenarians (HOs) without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and preserved functional and cognitive state compared with octogenarians with a history of CVD and cognitive decline (UHOs) using a systems biology approach, and investigated how these proteins relate to CV mortality at 5-year follow-up...
April 26, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503533/effect-of-core-strengthening-with-pelvic-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-on-trunk-balance-gait-and-function-in-chronic-stroke
#12
Vishal Sharma, Jaskirat Kaur
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of core strengthening combined with pelvic proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on trunk impairment, balance, gait, and functional ability of chronic stroke patients. Twenty-three participants with chronic stroke were recruited and randomly allocated to one of the two groups: core strengthening combined with pelvic PNF (group 1, n=13), and pelvic PNF with trunk flexibility exercises (group 2, n=10). Intervention was given to both groups for 60 min per session 5 times per week for 4 weeks...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503452/relation-of-urinary-retention-and-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-during-rehabilitation-program
#13
Seok Beom Son, Seong Yun Chung, Seok Kang, Joon Shik Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary retention and short-term functional recovery in subacute stage after stroke. METHODS: The medical records of 94 patients admitted to the rehabilitation unit of Korea University Guro Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The postvoid residual urine (PVR) was measured at least once a day using a bladder scan, and urinary retention (UR) was defined when the daily PVR volume consistently checked more than 100 mL...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503450/balance-assessment-in-subacute-stroke-patients-using-the-balance-control-trainer-balpro
#14
Jin Won Song, Jong Min Kim, Youn Soo Cheong, Yang-Soo Lee, Seong Min Chun, Yu-Sun Min, Tae-Du Jung
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of the balance control trainer (BCT), developed for training patients with balance problems, as a balance assessment tool in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out on 38 subacute stroke patients in their first episode of a stroke, and having the ability to maintain a standing position without aid for at least 5 minutes. Patients were assessed using the BCT (BalPro) 43.7±35.7 days after stroke...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502177/leveraging-colloidal-aggregation-for-drug-rich-nanoparticle-formulations
#15
Ahil N Ganesh, Jennifer Logie, Christopher K McLaughlin, Benjamin L Barthel, Tad H Koch, Brian K Shoichet, Molly S Shoichet
While limited drug loading continues to be problematic for chemotherapeutics formulated in nanoparticles, we found that we could take advantage of colloidal drug aggregation to achieve high loading when combined with polymeric excipients. We demonstrate this approach with two drugs, fulvestrant and pentyl-PABC doxazolidine (PPD; a prodrug of doxazolidine, which is a DNA cross-linking anthracycline), and two polymers, polysorbate 80 (UP80) and poly(d,l-lactide-co-2-methyl-2-carboxytrimethylene carbonate)-graft-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLAC-PEG; a custom-synthesized, self-assembling amphiphilic polymer)...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489141/home-based-exercise-program-in-tsp-ham-individuals-a-feasibility-and-effectiveness-study
#16
Lívia D Facchinetti, Abelardo Q Araújo, Marcus Tt Silva, Ana Claudia C Leite, Mariana F Azevedo, Gisele L Chequer, Raquel Vc Oliveira, Arthur S Ferreira, Marco Antonio Lima
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of a home-based exercise program in TSP/HAM individuals. Methods: Twenty-three TSP/HAM individuals divided in two groups according to Timed Up and Go (TUG) score (<20s vs ≥20s) performed a 20-week home-based exercise program. The primary outcomes were exercise adherence, maximum voluntary isometric contraction of lower limbs (MVIC), Barthel Index and SF-36. Secondary outcomes were adverse effects and barriers to exercise practice...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486330/the-impact-of-dry-land-sprint-start-training-on-the-short-track-speed-skating-start
#17
William B Haug, Eric J Drinkwater, Nicholas J Cicero, J Anthony Barthell, Dale W Chapman
This investigation sought to determine the effects of dry-land sprint start training on short track speed skating (STSS) start performance. Nine highly trained short track athletes completed a control period of normal STSS training followed by a four-week training intervention. Before and after the control and intervention periods, athletes performed three electronically timed dry-land and on-ice 14.43 m maximal sprint start efforts. The intervention consisted of two sprint sessions per week consisting of nine electronically timed 14...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483654/validity-of-robot-based-assessments-of-upper-extremity-function
#18
Alison McKenzie, Lucy Dodakian, Jill See, Vu Le, Erin Burke Quinlan, Claire Bridgford, Daniel Head, Vy L Han, Steven C Cramer
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of 5 robot-based assessments of arm motor function post-stroke. DESIGN: Cross sectional. SETTING: Outpatient clinical research center. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 40 participants, age >18 years, 3-6 months post-stroke, with arm motor deficits that had plateaued. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical standards included the Fugl-Meyer Arm Motor Scale (FMA), and 5 secondary motor outcomes: hand/wrist subsection of the FMA; Action Research Arm Test (ART); Box & Blocks test (B/B); hand subscale of Stroke Impact Scale-2 (SIS); and the Barthel Index (BI)...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482740/effects-of-three-different-chair-based-exercise-programs-on-people-over-80-years-old
#19
José Cancela, Estrella Pallin, Ander Orbegozo, Carlos Ayán
This study aimed at comparing the effects of three chair-based exercise programs on people over 80 years. Thirty-six participants (87.91 ± 4.70 years) were randomly allocated to an elastic-band, pedal exerciser or range of motion exercise program. The participants exercised three days per week during three months. A hand-held dynamometer, the Tinetti Gait Balance, the Barthel Index and the Timed Up & Go tests (assessed by means of the Wiva® science sensor) were used to evaluate the effects of the programs on the participants strength, balance, functional independence and functional mobility, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481408/the-physical-and-cognitive-performance-test-for-residents-in-assisted-living-facilities
#20
Mary Elizabeth Bowen, Meredeth Rowe, Mary Ersek, Said Ibrahim, Judy A Shea
OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a new performance-based instrument (Physical and Cognitive Performance Test for Assisted Living Facilities (PCPT ALF)) designed to assess the physical and cognitive skills associated with performance of activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs). DESIGN: There were three stages in this study: development of instrument items and validity testing, a feasibility pilot study, and a cross-sectional trial to establish construct and criterion validity and reliability...
May 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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