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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224297/fracture-reduction-by-postoperative-mobilisation-for-the-treatment-of-hyperextension-injuries-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spinal-disorders
#1
Richard A Lindtner, Christian Kammerlander, Michael Goetzen, Alexander Keiler, Davud Malekzadeh, Dietmar Krappinger, Rene Schmid
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate results of surgical stabilisation of hyperextension injuries of the thoracolumbar spine in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders using two different treatment strategies: the conventional open rigid posterior instrumentation and percutaneous less rigid posterior instrumentation. Surgical and non-surgical complications, the postoperative radiological course, and clinical outcome at final follow-up were comparatively assessed. Moreover, we sought to discuss important biomechanical and surgical aspects specific to posterior instrumentation of the ankylosed thoracolumbar spine as well as to elaborate on the advantages and limitations of the proposed new treatment strategy involving percutaneous less rigid stabilisation and fracture reduction by postoperative mobilisation...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222568/severe-disorders-of-consciousness-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-single-centre-long-term-follow-up-study
#2
Alex Lopez-Rolon
OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term clinical outcome, functional independence and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in acquired brain injury (ABI) patients with a disorder of consciousness at admission to inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: We selected patients from a cohort of ABI patients from a single centre. In addition to mortality, we measured level of consciousness with the Coma Remission Scale, functional independence with the Barthel Index, as well as generic and condition-specific HRQOL with the EQ5D and the "Quality of Life after Brain Injury" (QOLIBRI) respectively...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222555/effects-of-scapulohumeral-rehabilitation-protocol-on-trunk-control-recovery-in%C3%A2-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a%C3%A2-pilot%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Dell'Uomo Daniela, Morone Giovanni, Centrella Antonio, Paolucci Stefano, Caltagirone Carlo, Grasso Maria Grazia, Traballesi Marco, Iosa Marco
BACKGROUND: Despite upper limb rehabilitation is widely investigated in patients with stroke, the effects of rehabilitation of scapulohumeral on trunk stabillization are mainly unknown. OBJECTIVE: To test the effects of scapulohumeral rehabilitation protocol on trunk control recovery in patients with subacute stroke. METHODS: A pilot randomized controlled trial with two groups of 14 patients each one performing 20 minutes per day, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks in add on to standard therapy...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222545/effect-of-medical-complications-on-the-after-stroke-rehabilitation-outcome
#4
Barbara Janus-Laszuk, Dagmara Mirowska-Guzel, Iwona Sarzynska-Dlugosz, Anna Czlonkowska
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke rehabilitation should begin immediately and continue while improvement is seen. After stroke, patients are at risk of developing medical complications, which can hinder optimal recovery. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the incidence of complications occurring during early inpatient rehabilitation and to assess their influence on patients' functionality. METHODS: For 1075 patients (585 men), we recorded neurological deficits, activities of everyday living, functionality before and after rehabilitation, and the incidence of complications...
January 31, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215922/early-postdischarge-stop-hf-clinic-reduces-30-day-readmissions-in-old-and-frail-patients-with-heart-failure
#5
Cristina Pacho, Mar Domingo, Raquel Núñez, Josep Lupón, Pedro Moliner, Marta de Antonio, Beatriz González, Javier Santesmases, Emili Vela, Jordi Tor, Antoni Bayes-Genis
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Heart failure (HF) is associated with a high rate of readmissions within 30 days postdischarge. Strategies to lower readmission rates generally show modest results. To reduce readmission rates, we developed a STructured multidisciplinary outpatient clinic for Old and frail Postdischarge patients hospitalized for HF (STOP-HF-Clinic). METHODS: This prospective all-comers study enrolled patients discharged from internal medicine or geriatric wards after HF hospitalization...
February 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215198/correlating-atom-probe-tomography-with-atomic-resolved-scanning-transmission-electron-microscopy-example-of-segregation-at-silicon-grain-boundaries
#6
Andreas Stoffers, Juri Barthel, Christian H Liebscher, Baptiste Gault, Oana Cojocaru-Mirédin, Christina Scheu, Dierk Raabe
In the course of a thorough investigation of the performance-structure-chemistry interdependency at silicon grain boundaries, we successfully developed a method to systematically correlate aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography. The correlative approach is conducted on individual APT and TEM specimens, with the option to perform both investigations on the same specimen in the future. In the present case of a Σ9 grain boundary, joint mapping of the atomistic details of the grain boundary topology, in conjunction with chemical decoration, enables a deeper understanding of the segregation of impurities observed at such grain boundaries...
February 20, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214983/pooled-analysis-of-four-non-interventional-studies-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-the-antidepressant-agomelatine-in-daily-practice
#7
Gerd Laux, Bettina Barthel, Göran Hajak, Matthias Lemke, Hans-Peter Volz
INTRODUCTION: Meta-analyses are useful to increase knowledge and strengthen evidence about antidepressant treatment supplementary to individual studies. METHODS: A pooled analysis of four multicenter, open-label, prospective, non-interventional studies (2009-2013) was performed to provide further evidence about the antidepressant effectiveness and tolerability of agomelatine (25-50 mg/day) in a large number of non-selected German outpatients with major depressive disorder...
February 18, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214613/the-effectiveness-of-standardized-skin-care-regimens-on-skin-dryness-in-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-pragmatic-trial
#9
Elisabeth Hahnel, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Carina Trojahn, Gabor Dobos, Andrea Stroux, Natalie Garcia Bartels, Irina Jahnke, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Heike Neels-Herzmann, Anja Klasen, Jan Kottner
BACKGROUND: Aged residents of institutional long-term care facilities are at high risk for developing skin and tissue diseases. Besides various common skin problems, dry skin (xerosis cutis) is one of the most frequent skin conditions in this setting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of two structured skin care regimens in comparison to routine skin care on xerosis cutis in nursing home residents. DESIGN: A multi-center, pragmatic, randomized, controlled, investigator blinded study with three parallel groups...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214400/association-between-bisphosphonate-therapy-and-outcomes-from-rehabilitation-in-older-people
#10
James A Goodbrand, Lloyd D Hughes, Lynda Cochrane, Peter T Donnan, Mark McGilchrist, Helen Frost, Marion E T McMurdo, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonate therapy may have actions beyond bone, including effects on cardiovascular, immune and muscle function. We tested whether bisphosphonate treatment is associated with improved outcomes in older people undergoing inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected, linked routine clinical datasets. Participants were divided into never users of bisphosphonates, use prior to rehabilitation only, use after rehabilitation only, and current users (use before and after rehabilitation)...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197685/test-retest-measurements-of-dopamine-d1-type-receptors-using-simultaneous-pet-mri-imaging
#11
Simon Kaller, Michael Rullmann, Marianne Patt, Georg-Alexander Becker, Julia Luthardt, Johanna Girbardt, Philipp M Meyer, Peter Werner, Henryk Barthel, Anke Bresch, Thomas H Fritz, Swen Hesse, Osama Sabri
PURPOSE: The role of dopamine D1-type receptor (D1R)-expressing neurons in the regulation of motivated behavior and reward prediction has not yet been fully established. As a prerequisite for future research assessing D1-mediated neuronal network regulation using simultaneous PET/MRI and D1R-selective [(11)C]SCH23390, this study investigated the stability of central D1R measurements between two independent PET/MRI sessions under baseline conditions. METHODS: Thirteen healthy volunteers (7 female, age 33 ± 13 yrs) underwent 90-min emission scans, each after 90-s bolus injection of 486 ± 16 MBq [(11)C]SCH23390, on two separate days within 2-4 weeks using a PET/MRI system...
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196305/soft-wet-chemical-synthesis-of-metastable-superparamagnetic-nickel-hcp-nanoparticles-in-different-ionic-liquids
#12
Christina Rutz, Kai Schütte, Juri Barthel, Alexey Bushmelev, Annette Schmidt, Katharina Dilchert, Roland Fischer, Christoph Janiak
The microwave-induced decomposition of bis{N,N'-diisopropylacetamidinate}nickel(II) [Ni{MeC(NiPr)2}2] or bis(1,5-cyclooctadiene)nickel(0) [Ni(COD)2] in imidazolium-, pyridinium- or thiophenium-based ionic liquids with different anions (tetrafluoroborate, [BF4]-, hexafluorophosphate, [PF6]- and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, [NTf2]-) yields small, uniform nickel nanoparticles (Ni-NPs) which are stable in the absence of capping ligands (surfactants) for more than eight weeks. The soft wet-chemical synthesis yield the metastable Ni(hcp) and not the stable Ni(fcc) phase...
February 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193590/fast-identification-of-microplastics-in-complex-environmental-samples-by-a-thermal-degradation-method
#13
Erik Dümichen, Paul Eisentraut, Claus Gerhard Bannick, Anne-Kathrin Barthel, Rainer Senz, Ulrike Braun
In order to determine the relevance of microplastic particles in various environmental media, comprehensive investigations are needed. However, no analytical method exists for fast identification and quantification. At present, optical spectroscopy methods like IR and RAMAN imaging are used. Due to their time consuming procedures and uncertain extrapolation, reliable monitoring is difficult. For analyzing polymers Py-GC-MS is a standard method. However, due to a limited sample amount of about 0.5 mg it is not suited for analysis of complex sample mixtures like environmental samples...
February 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188597/orthorexia-nervosa-moving-forward-in-the-field
#14
EDITORIAL
Benjamin Missbach, Friederike Barthels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187962/atomic-resolution-imaging-of-yalo3-ce-in-the-chromatic-and-spherical-aberration-corrected-pico-electron-microscope
#15
Lei Jin, Juri Barthel, Chun-Lin Jia, Knut W Urban
The application of combined chromatic and spherical aberration correction in high-resolution transmission electron microscopy enables a significant improvement of the spatial resolution down to 50 pm. We demonstrate that such a resolution can be achieved in practice at 200kV. Diffractograms of images of gold nanoparticles on amorphous carbon demonstrate corresponding information transfer. The Y atom pairs in [010] oriented yttrium orthoaluminate are successfully imaged together with the Al and the O atoms. Although the 57 pm pair separation is well demonstrated separations between 55 pm and 80 pm are measured...
January 31, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184971/yes-we-can-analyse-amyloid-images-now-what
#16
EDITORIAL
Henryk Barthel, John Seibyl, Osama Sabri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184153/multimorbidity-as-specific-disease-combinations-an-important-predictor-factor-for-mortality-in-octogenarians-the-octabaix-study
#17
Assumpta Ferrer, Francesc Formiga, Héctor Sanz, Jesús Almeda, Glòria Padrós
BACKGROUND: The population is aging and multimorbidity is becoming a common problem in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of multimorbidity patterns on mortality for all causes at 3- and 5-year follow-up periods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective community-based cohort (2009-2014) embedded within a randomized clinical trial was conducted in seven primary health care centers, including 328 subjects aged 85 years at baseline. Sociodemographic variables, sensory status, cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidity, and geriatric tests were analyzed...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182164/minimal-invasive-puncture-and-drainage-versus-endoscopic-surgery-for-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-basal-ganglia
#18
Zhihong Li, Yuqian Li, Feifei Xu, Xi Zhang, Qiang Tian, Lihong Li
Two prevalent therapies for the treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in basal ganglia are, minimally invasive puncture and drainage (MIPD), and endoscopic surgery (ES). Because both surgical techniques are of a minimally invasive nature, they have attracted greater attention in recent years. However, evidence comparing the curative effect of MIPD and ES has been uncertain. The indication for MIPD or ES has been uncertain till now. In the present study, 112 patients with spontaneous ICH in basal ganglia who received MIPD or ES were reviewed retrospectively...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181920/can-early-rehabilitation-on-the-general-ward-after-an-intensive-care-unit-stay-reduce-hospital-length-of-stay-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Wolfgang Gruther, Karin Pieber, Irene Steiner, Cornelia Hein, Jörg Michael Hiesmayr, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if an early rehabilitation program for survivors of critical illness improves functional recovery, reduces length of stay, and reduces hospital costs. DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Fifty-three consecutive survivors of critical illness were included in the study. After discharge from the intensive care unit, the intervention group received an early rehabilitation program, and the standard-care group received physical therapy as ordered by the primary care team...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178771/test-retest-reliability-and-responsiveness-of-the-barthel-index-based-supplementary-scales-in-patients-with-stroke
#20
Ya C Lee, Wan H Yu, I P Hsueh, Sheng S Chen, Ching L Hsieh
BACKGROUND: A lack of evidence on the test-retest reliability and responsiveness limits the utility of the BI-based Supplementary Scales (BI-SS) in both clinical and research settings. AIM: To examine the test-retest reliability and responsiveness of the BI-based Supplementary Scales (BI-SS) in patients with stroke. DESIGN: A repeated-assessments design (1 week apart) was used to examine the test-retest reliability of the BI-SS. For the responsiveness study, the participants were assessed with the BI-SS and BI (treated as an external criterion) at admission to and discharge from rehabilitation wards...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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