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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394435/real-world-clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-of-individuals-aged-80-and-older-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-real-life-multicenter-survey-evaluating-stroke-study
#1
Murat Biteker, Özcan Başaran, Volkan Doğan, İbrahim Altun, Fatma Özpamuk Karadeniz, Ahmet İlker Tekkesin, Yasin Çakıllı, Ceyhan Türkkan, Mehmet Hamidi, Vahit Demir, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy, Müjgan Tek Öztürk, Gökhan Aksan, Sabri Seyis, Mehmet Ballı, Mehmet Hayri Alıcı, Serdar Bozyel
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical characteristics of and use of oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy in individuals aged 80 and older with atrial fibrillation (AF) with those of individuals younger than 80 with AF in clinical practice. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: The ReAl-life Multicenter Survey Evaluating Stroke prevention strategies in Turkey trial (NCT02344901), a national observational registry. PARTICIPANTS: Turkish adults with nonvalvular AF (NVAF)...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390767/management-and-outcomes-of-carotid-artery-extension-of-aortic-dissections
#2
Adriana Laser, Charles B Drucker, Donald G Harris, Tanya Flohr, Shahab Toursavadkohi, Rajabrata Sarkar, Bradley Taylor, Robert S Crawford
BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is the most common aortic catastrophe. Carotid artery dissection due to extension of AD (CAEAD) is one severe complication of this condition. Despite years of refinement in the techniques for repair of AD, the optimal management strategy for CAEAD remains yet to be described. We hypothesized that CAEAD eventually resolves on antiplatelet therapy with a low but not insignificant risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA). METHODS: This was a single-institution retrospective review of patients admitted with nontraumatic coincident aortic and carotid dissection between 2001 and 2013...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364953/comparison-of-morphologic-features-and-flow-velocity-of-the-left-atrial-appendage-among-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-alone-transient-ischemic-attack-and-cardioembolic-stroke
#3
Yonggu Lee, Hwan-Cheol Park, Youkyung Lee, Soon-Gil Kim
The left atrial appendage (LAA) is a major source of emboli responsible for cardioembolic stroke (CES). We hypothesized that there could be differences in the morphologic and functional features of LAAs among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) alone, patients with cardioembolic transient ischemic attack (CETIA), and patients with CES. Patients with AF and CETIA/CES were included in either a CETIA group or a CES group. Patients with AF without past histories of stroke were included in an AF/non-CVA (cerebrovascular accident) group...
March 19, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241354/effect-of-fibrinogen-concentrate-on-intraoperative-blood-loss-among-patients-with-intraoperative-bleeding-during-high-risk-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Süleyman Bilecen, Joris A H de Groot, Cor J Kalkman, Alexander J Spanjersberg, George J Brandon Bravo Bruinsma, Karel G M Moons, Arno P Nierich
Importance: Fibrinogen concentrate might partly restore coagulation defects and reduce intraoperative bleeding. Objective: To determine whether fibrinogen concentrate infusion dosed to achieve a plasma fibrinogen level of 2.5 g/L in high-risk cardiac surgery patients with intraoperative bleeding reduces intraoperative blood loss. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial conducted in Isala Zwolle, the Netherlands (February 2011-January 2015), involving patients undergoing elective, high-risk cardiac surgery (ie, combined coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] surgery and valve repair or replacement surgery, the replacement of multiple valves, aortic root reconstruction, or reconstruction of the ascending aorta or aortic arch) with intraoperative bleeding (blood volume between 60 and 250 mL suctioned from the thoracic cavity in a period of 5 minutes) were randomized to receive either fibrinogen concentrate or placebo...
February 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218217/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-watchman-left-atrial-appendage-system-for-stroke-prevention-in-chinese-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-single-center-prospective-observational-study
#5
Wei-Ping Huang, Yong-Hua Zhang, Lei He, Xi Su, Xin-Wei Yang, Zai-Xiong Guo
BACKGROUND: In patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), embolic stroke is thought to be associated with left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi. The WATCHMAN LAA Occlusion Device has been shown to be noninferior to conventional oral anticoagulation with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with NVAF. This study aimed to evaluate the procedural feasibility, safety and 12-month outcomes of the WATCHMAN LAA Occlusion Device in NVAF patients with high risk for stroke in China...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045726/postoperative-hemiplegic-migraine-after-a-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#6
Joseph Happel, Albin S Quiko, Huy Phun, Martin Collier, Amy Mortensen
We report the case of a 35-year-old woman who developed severe right-sided hemiplegia and hemisensory loss shortly after emergence from general anesthesia for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Her medical history was significant for migraine with aura and a family history of transient hemiparesis thought to be a result of a transient ischemic attack. The patient's deficits slowly resolved, and she was ultimately diagnosed with familial hemiplegic migraine after a negative workup for cerebrovascular accidents.
April 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017214/stroke-severity-may-predict-causes-of-readmission-within-one-year-in-patients-with-first-ischemic-stroke-event
#7
Cheng-Yang Hsieh, Huey-Juan Lin, Ya-Han Hu, Sheng-Feng Sung
INTRODUCTION: Readmissions after stroke are costly. Risk assessment using information available upon admission could identify high-risk patients for potential interventions to reduce readmissions. Baseline stroke severity has been suspected to be a factor in readmission; however, the exact nature of the impact has not been adequately understood. METHODS: Hospitalized adult patients with first-ever ischemic stroke were identified from a nationwide administrative database...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009096/in-vivo-ischemia-detection-by-luminescent-nanothermometers
#8
Erving Clayton Ximendes, Uéslen Rocha, Blanca Del Rosal, Alberto Vaquero, Francisco Sanz-Rodríguez, Luis Monge, Fuqiang Ren, Fiorenzo Vetrone, Dongling Ma, José García-Solé, Carlos Jacinto, Daniel Jaque, Nuria Fernández
There is an urgent need to develop new diagnosis tools for real in vivo detection of first stages of ischemia for the early treatment of cardiovascular diseases and accidents. However, traditional approaches show low sensitivity and a limited penetration into tissues, so they are only applicable for the detection of surface lesions. Here, it is shown how the superior thermal sensing capabilities of near infrared-emitting quantum dots (NIR-QDs) can be efficiently used for in vivo detection of subcutaneous ischemic tissues...
December 23, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904593/the-role-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-transient-ischemic-attack-patients-for-future-cerebrovascular-events
#9
Rokhsareh Meamar, Hamidreza Nikyar, Leila Dehghani, Maedeh Talebi, Marzieh Dehghani, Marzieh Ghasemi, Behnaz Ansari, Mohammad Saadatnia
BACKGROUND: The role of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in the maintenance of vascularization following ischemic brain after experimental stroke has been established. Accordingly, in this study, we evaluated the role of circulating EPCs in transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients for future cerebrovascular (CV) events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The level of circulating EPCs (staining markers: CD34, CD309) were determined using flow cytometry at 24 h after TIA in thirty consecutive patients...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788301/prasugrel-use-following-pci-and-associated-patient-outcomes-insights-from-the-national-va-cart-program
#10
Vikas Aggarwal, Ehrin J Armstrong, Wenhui Liu, Thomas M Maddox, P Michael Ho, Evan Carey, Tracy Wang, Matthew Sherwood, Thomas T Tsai, John S Rumsfeld, Steven M Bradley
BACKGROUND: Prasugrel is more effective than clopidogrel in preventing thrombotic complications after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), but it increases the risk of bleeding in subgroups of patients. There is limited data on whether prasugrel use in routine practice is targeted to clinical settings with greatest anticipated patient benefit. METHODS: In a national cohort of 11 617 veterans who underwent PCI between 2010 and 2013 at Veterans Administration hospitals nationwide, we assessed overall trends in the use of prasugrel and the frequency of prasugrel use in patients with contraindications (prior transient ischemic attack or cerebrovascular accident), higher bleeding risk (age ≥75 or weight <60 kg), and nonindicated settings (non-acute coronary syndrome [non-ACS])...
October 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786543/assessment-of-safety-of-performing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-after-a-recent-episode-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#11
Saima Karim, Sweetheart T Ador-Dionisio, Munira Karim, Mohammad Karim, Sadaf S Khan, Ashish Atreja, Stephen Ellis
BACKGROUND: Little literature exists on the risk of performing coronary intervention (PCI) on patients who have had recent gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), although bleeding after PCI has been identified as a risk factor for long-term mortality. METHODS: Patients within the Cleveland Clinic PCI database who had acute GIB within 30 days preceding PCI during the same hospitalization (n = 79) were retrospectively compared to those who had PCI without recent GIB (n = 10 979) for mortality and need for revascularization...
March 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692749/-atypical-form-of-cor-triatrium-in-a-59-year-old-man
#12
F Aboukhoudir, I Aboukhoudir, O Rica, B Khennine, M Pansieri, S Rekik
Cor triatrium is a rare congenital heart disease typically diagnosed amongst very young patients. Delayed diagnosis in the elderly is much more unusual. We report the case of a 59-year-old male with unremarkable medical history in whom we have discovered, on an echocardiography performed for an exploration of transient ischemic accident with atrial fibrillation, a particular form of an isolated cor triatrium dextrum investigated with multimodality imaging.
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571767/the-influence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-short-and-long-term-outcome-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#13
Linda Visser, Bas M Wallis de Vries, Douwe J Mulder, Maarten Uyttenboogaart, Sterre van der Veen, Clark J Zeebregts, Robert A Pol
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of MetS on short- and long-term outcome and survival after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Between January 2005 and December 2014, data from all patients undergoing CEA were prospectively recorded. The metabolic syndrome was defined based on the presence of ≥3 of the following criteria: hypertension, high serum triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high fasting serum glucose, and obesity...
April 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566126/papillary-fibroelastoma-clinical-and-echocardiographic-features-and-initial-approach-in-54-cases
#14
Tomás Francisco Cianciulli, Juan Bautista Soumoulou, Jorge Alberto Lax, María Cristina Saccheri, Alberto Cozzarin, Martín Alejandro Beck, Daniel Ernesto Ferreiro, Horacio Alberto Prezioso
INTRODUCTION: Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) is a benign cardiac tumor that is currently detected more often due to the technological improvements in echocardiography. OBJECTIVES: To describe the echocardiographic features of PFE and correlate them with the clinical presentation and initial treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective analysis of patients with a diagnosis of PFE was conducted between 2000 and 2015. We assessed the clinical history, symptoms at the time of diagnosis, echocardiographic features, and initial treatment...
December 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548469/long-term-outcome-of-non-sustained-ventricular-tachycardia-in-structurally-normal-hearts
#15
Chin-Yu Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Fa-Po Chung, Yun-Yu Chen, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Yao-Ting Chang, Chung-Hsing Lin, Suresh Allamsetty, Rohit Walia, Abigail Louise D Te, Shinya Yamada, Shuo-Ju Chiang, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: The impact of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) on the risk of thromboembolic event and clinical outcomes in patients without structural heart disease remains undetermined. This study aimed to evaluate the association between NSVT and clinical outcomes. METHODS: The study population of 5903 patients was culled from the "Registry of 24-hour ECG monitoring at Taipei Veterans General Hospital" (REMOTE database) between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479069/clinical-echocardiographic-and-electrocardiographic-predictors-of-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-after-dual-chamber-pacemaker-implantation-an-integrated-scoring-model-approach
#16
Min Soo Cho, Jun Kim, Ju Hyeon Kim, Minsu Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, You Mi Hwang, Uk Jo, Gi-Byoung Nam, Kee-Joon Choi, You-Ho Kim
Persistent atrial fibrillation (PeAF) predictors after dual-chamber pacemaker (PM) implantation remain unclear. We sought to determine these predictors and establish an integrated scoring model. Data were retrospectively reviewed for 649 patients (63.8 ± 12.3 years, 48.6% male, mean CHA2DS2-VASC score 2.7 ± 2.0) undergoing dual-chamber PM implantation. PeAF was defined as documented AF on two consecutive electrocardiograms acquired ≥7 days apart. During a 7.1-year median follow-up (interquartile range 4...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450386/an-analysis-of-transient-ischemic-attack-practices-does-hospital-admission-improve-patient-outcomes
#17
Alexandra M Lesenskyj, Christina R Maxwell, Erol Veznedaroglu, Kenneth Liebman, Zakaria Hakma, Mandy J Binning
INTRODUCTION: Immediate treatment has been shown to decrease the recurrence of cerebrovascular accidents following transient ischemic attacks (TIA), prompting the use of a specialized neurologic emergency department (Neuro ED) to triage patients. Despite these findings, there is little evidence supporting the notion that hospital admission improves post-TIA outcomes. Through the lens of a Neuro ED, this retrospective chart review of TIA patients examines whether hospital admission improves 90-day outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241270/lack-of-evidence-for-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-after-endovascular-arterial-procedures-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
S M O Peeters Weem, S T W van Haelst, H M den Ruijter, F L Moll, G J de Borst
INTRODUCTION: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) has mainly replaced mono antiplatelet therapy (MAPT) and is recommended after arterial endovascular revascularization. The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the available evidence for DAPT after endovascular revascularization throughout the arterial system. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Register. Two reviewers independently performed data extraction and quality assessment using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias assessment tool...
August 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211977/robotic-excision-of-a-papillary-fibroelastoma-of-the-mitral-chordae
#19
Mani Arsalan, Robert L Smith, John J Squiers, Alex Wang, J Michael DiMaio, Michael J Mack
Papillary fibroelastomas of the mitral chordae tendineae are rare, primary benign tumors. They are either incidentally diagnosed during echocardiography or discovered after transient ischemic attack, stroke, or myocardial infarction. Removal of papillary fibroelastomas should be considered, given the increased risk for embolization causing cerebrovascular accident or mortality in patients with echocardiographic evidence of papillary fibroelastoma not undergoing surgical procedures. Although fibroelastoma removal can be performed in most cases without disrupting mitral valve competency, sternotomy and minithoracotomy are the typical approaches for excision...
June 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209401/predictors-of-poor-outcome-after-carotid-intervention
#20
Anahita Dua, Michael Romanelli, Gilbert R Upchurch, James Pan, Douglas Hood, Kim J Hodgson, Sapan S Desai
BACKGROUND: A variety of patient factors are known to adversely impact outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS). However, their specific impact on complications and mortality and how they differ between CEA and CAS is unknown. The purpose of this study is to identify patient and hospital factors that adversely impact outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent CEA or CAS between 1998 and 2012 (N = 1,756,445) were identified using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality National Inpatient Sample and State Ambulatory Services Databases...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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