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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593989/postoperative-care-of-symphysiotomy-performed-for-severe-shoulder-dystocia-with-fetal-demise
#1
Joy Anderson, R Moss Hampton, Jonathan Lugo
Background: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency which occurs in 0.2-3% of all births ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics and The American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (2002) . Symphysiotomy is a treatment option reserved primarily for developing countries where mortality rates of Cesarean delivery are 1-2% Monjok et al. (2013) . Case: A G3P2002 with a history of two prior vaginal deliveries had a term delivery complicated by a severe shoulder dystocia...
April 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470343/acog-practice-bulletin-no-193-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#2
(no author information available yet)
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. Most cases of tubal ectopic pregnancy that are detected early can be treated successfully either with minimally invasive surgery or with medical management using methotrexate. However, tubal ectopic pregnancy in an unstable patient is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention. The purpose of this document is to review information on the current understanding of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to provide guidelines for timely diagnosis and management that are consistent with the best available scientific evidence...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470342/acog-practice-bulletin-no-192-management-of-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy
#3
(no author information available yet)
When any fetal blood group factor inherited from the father is not possessed by the mother, antepartum or intrapartum fetal-maternal bleeding may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Maternal immune reactions also can occur from blood product transfusion. The formation of maternal antibodies, or "alloimmunization," may lead to various degrees of transplacental passage of these antibodies into the fetal circulation. Depending on the degree of antigenicity and the amount and type of antibodies involved, this transplacental passage may lead to hemolytic disease in the fetus and neonate...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470339/acog-practice-bulletin-no-193-summary-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#4
(no author information available yet)
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. Most cases of tubal ectopic pregnancy that are detected early can be treated successfully either with minimally invasive surgery or with medical management using methotrexate. However, tubal ectopic pregnancy in an unstable patient is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention. The purpose of this document is to review information on the current understanding of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to provide guidelines for timely diagnosis and management that are consistent with the best available scientific evidence...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470338/acog-practice-bulletin-no-192-summary-management-of-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy
#5
(no author information available yet)
When any fetal blood group factor inherited from the father is not possessed by the mother, antepartum or intrapartum fetal-maternal bleeding may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Maternal immune reactions also can occur from blood product transfusion. The formation of maternal antibodies, or "alloimmunization," may lead to various degrees of transplacental passage of these antibodies into the fetal circulation. Depending on the degree of antigenicity and the amount and type of antibodies involved, this transplacental passage may lead to hemolytic disease in the fetus and neonate...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370047/acog-practice-bulletin-no-190-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#6
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370045/acog-practice-bulletin-no-191-summary-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#7
(no author information available yet)
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. Most cases of tubal ectopic pregnancy that are detected early can be treated successfully either with minimally invasive surgery or with medical management using methotrexate. However, tubal ectopic pregnancy in an unstable patient is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention. The purpose of this document is to review information on the current understanding of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to provide guidelines for timely diagnosis and management that are consistent with the best available scientific evidence...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370044/acog-practice-bulletin-no-190-summary-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#8
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078938/defining-and-managing-normal-and-abnormal-second-stage-of-labor
#9
REVIEW
Yvonne W Cheng, Aaron B Caughey
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Practice Bulletin No. 49 on Dystocia and Augmentation of Labor defines a prolonged second stage as more than 2 hours without or 3 hours with epidural analgesia in nulliparous women, and 1 hour without, or 2 hours with epidural in multiparous women. This definition diagnoses 10% to 14% of nulliparous and 3% to 3.5% of multiparous women as having a prolonged second stage. Although current labor norms remained largely based on data established by Friedman in the 1950s, modern obstetric population and practice have evolved with time...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644335/practice-bulletin-number-179-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#10
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644328/practice-bulletin-no-179-summary-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#11
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334585/uptake-and-utilization-of-practice-guidelines-in-hospitals-in-the-united-states-the-case-of-routine-episiotomy
#12
Katy B Kozhimannil, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Cori J Blauer-Peterson, Neel T Shah, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: The gap between publishing and implementing guidelines differs based on practice setting, including hospital geography and teaching status. On March 31, 2006, a Practice Bulletin published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended against the routine use of episiotomy and urged clinicians to make judicious decisions to restrict the use of the procedure. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated changes in trends of episiotomy use before and after the ACOG Practice Guideline was issued in 2006, focusing on differences by hospital geographic location (rural/urban) and teaching status...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456311/patterns-of-internet-use-by-pregnant-women-and-reliability-of-pregnancy-related-searches
#13
Deepa Maheswari Narasimhulu, Scarlett Karakash, Jeremy Weedon, Howard Minkoff
Objective To assess patterns of e-health use in pregnancy in an underserved racially diverse inner-city population, and to assess the accuracy of pregnancy-related information obtained from the Internet. Methods A cross sectional study of 503 pregnant/postpartum women belonging to an underserved racially diverse inner-city population who completed a survey regarding e-health use. To assess accuracy, four independent expert-reviewers rated the first 10 webpages on Google searches for each of five questions based upon those in ACOG bulletins...
December 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176162/monoamniotic-monochorionic-twins-can-they-be-delivered-safely-via-vaginal-route-9
#14
Meena Khandelwal, Vanitha B Revanasiddappa, Sindy C Moreno, Gunda Simpkins, Stuart Weiner, Thomas Westover
INTRODUCTION: Current ACOG technical bulletin #144, 2014 states "Women with monoamniotic twin gestations should undergo cesarean delivery to avoid an umbilical cord complication of the nonpresenting twin at the time of the initial twin's delivery." To assess feasibility of vaginal delivery, we compared neonatal outcomes after attempted VD versus planned cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study from 2 tertiary-care centers, reviewed all viable MoMo twin pregnancies beyond 24 weeks gestation, delivered over last 15 years...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26523741/false-alarms-pseudoepidemics-and-reality-a-case-study-with-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-practice-bulletins
#15
REVIEW
Suneet P Chauhan, Ibrahim A Hammad, Katherine L Weyer, Cande V Ananth
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to (1) ascertain the frequency with which odd ratio (OR) and relative risk (RR) are in the zone of potential bias or interest in the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) practice bulletins (PB); (2) the likelihood that false alarms have been linked to recommendations; and (3) if there are differences in obstetric versus gynecological PB, vis-à-vis OR and RR in the zone of bias or interest. DATA SOURCES: We reviewed all ACOG PBs published between May 1999 and March 2014...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26206828/use-of-the-combined-first-trimester-screen-in-high-and-low-risk-patient-populations-after-introduction-of-noninvasive-prenatal-testing
#16
Sebastian Larion, Steven L Warsof, Letty Romary, Margaret Mlynarczyk, David Peleg, Alfred Z Abuhamad
OBJECTIVES: To report changes in the use of the combined first-trimester screen (FTS) in patients classified as high and low risk for fetal aneuploidy, including after introduction of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT). METHODS: A prospectively collected database was reviewed to investigate changes in FTS use before and after American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Practice Bulletin No. 77 (Obstet Gynecol 2007; 109:217-227), which recommended that all patients be offered aneuploidy screening, and after NIPT introduction...
August 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25787526/-176-pos-evaluation-of-antepartum-fetal-vitality-in-pregnant-women-with-hypertensive-disorders-preliminary-results
#17
Clareana Ghiraldini Geraldes, Márcia Carneiro Saco, Pedro Luiz Spinelli Coelho, Gustavo Lacerda da Silva Calestini, Caio Barbosa Cury, Felipe Fernando Silveira Fuentes, Bárbara Bevilacqua Zeiger, José Marcelo Garcia, Sérgio Floriano de Toledo, Rogério Gomes Dos Reis Guidoni, Maurício Saito, Francisco Lázaro Pereira Sousa, Corintio Mariani Neto
OBJECTIVES: Comparison between two electronic methods of antepartum fetal assessment in hypertensive pregnant women. METHODS: Comparison of conventional cardiotocography tracing and transabdominal fetal electrocardiography with the use of the fetal monitor AN24 (Monica Healthcare), in women with gestational age ⩾34weeks, single fetus, with hypertensive disorders according to the criteria of NHBPEP-2000 at Guilherme Álvaro Hospital - Santos/SP - Brazil (Dec/2013-Jun/2014)...
January 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25545450/obstetric-recommendations-in-american-congress-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-practice-bulletins-versus-uptodate-a-comparison
#18
REVIEW
Emily N B Myer, Gloria T Too, Ibrahim A Hammad, Shilpa Babbar, Charley E Martin, James B Hill, Sean B Blackwell, Suneet P Chauhan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the obstetric recommendations in American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) practice bulletins (PB) with similar topics in UpToDate (UTD). STUDY DESIGN: We accessed all obstetric PB and cross-searched UTD (May 1999-May 2013). We analyzed only the PB which had corresponding UTD chapter with graded recommendations (level A-C). To assess comparability of recommendations for each obstetric topic, two maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) subspecialists categorized the statement as similar, dissimilar, or incomparable...
April 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25437740/acog-practice-bulletin-no-147-lynch-syndrome
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24829972/acog-practice-bulletin-no-15-premenstrual-syndrome
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2000: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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