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Practice bulletin ACOG

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794678/acog-practice-bulletin-no-195-prevention-of-infection-after-gynecologic-procedures
#1
(no author information available yet)
Surgical site infection remains the most common complication of gynecologic procedures. Reducing surgical site infections has become a priority in the United States as part of a strong national commitment to measuring processes and improving outcomes of care for surgery. Implementing programs to reduce surgical site infections requires a collaborative approach that involves clinicians, nurses, and staff. The purpose of this document is to review the recommended interventions, including antibiotic prophylaxis, used to prevent infection after gynecologic procedures...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794677/acog-practice-bulletin-no-194-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
(no author information available yet)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries. Its etiology remains unknown, and treatment is largely symptom based and empirical. PCOS has the potential to cause substantial metabolic sequelae, including an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and these factors should be considered when determining long-term treatment. The purpose of this document is to examine the best available evidence for the diagnosis and clinical management of PCOS...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794671/acog-practice-bulletin-no-195-summary-prevention-of-infection-after-gynecologic-procedures
#3
(no author information available yet)
Surgical site infection remains the most common complication of gynecologic procedures. Reducing surgical site infections has become a priority in the United States as part of a strong national commitment to measuring processes and improving outcomes of care for surgery. Implementing programs to reduce surgical site infections requires a collaborative approach that involves clinicians, nurses, and staff. The purpose of this document is to review the recommended interventions, including antibiotic prophylaxis, used to prevent infection after gynecologic procedures...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794670/acog-practice-bulletin-no-194-summary-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
(no author information available yet)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder characterized by hyperandrogenism, ovulatory dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries. Its etiology remains unknown, and treatment is largely symptom based and empirical. PCOS has the potential to cause substantial metabolic sequelae, including an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and these factors should be considered when determining long-term treatment. The purpose of this document is to examine the best available evidence for the diagnosis and clinical management of PCOS...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794660/acog-practice-bulletin-no-188-prelabor-rupture-of-membranes
#5
Kfier Kuba, Peter S Bernstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688040/commentary-acog-practice-bulletin-july-2017-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#6
Victoria Mango, Yolanda Bryce, Elizabeth Anne Morris, Elisabetta Gianotti, Katja Pinker
Screening mammography reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women. However, adverse consequences include false-positive findings possibly leading to benign breast biopsies and patient anxiety. There is also potential for overdiagnosis and overtreatment. Differences in how to balance benefits and harms have led to varying recommendations by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, the American Cancer Society, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network and the American College of Radiology/Society of Breast Imaging...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683896/acog-practice-bulletin-189-nausea-and-vomiting-of-pregnancy
#7
Miriam Erick, Jean T Cox, Kris M Mogensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593989/postoperative-care-of-symphysiotomy-performed-for-severe-shoulder-dystocia-with-fetal-demise
#8
Joy Anderson, R Moss Hampton, Jonathan Lugo
Background: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency which occurs in 0.2-3% of all births ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics and The American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (2002) . Symphysiotomy is a treatment option reserved primarily for developing countries where mortality rates of Cesarean delivery are 1-2% Monjok et al. (2013) . Case: A G3P2002 with a history of two prior vaginal deliveries had a term delivery complicated by a severe shoulder dystocia...
April 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470343/acog-practice-bulletin-no-193-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#9
(no author information available yet)
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. Most cases of tubal ectopic pregnancy that are detected early can be treated successfully either with minimally invasive surgery or with medical management using methotrexate. However, tubal ectopic pregnancy in an unstable patient is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention. The purpose of this document is to review information on the current understanding of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to provide guidelines for timely diagnosis and management that are consistent with the best available scientific evidence...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470342/acog-practice-bulletin-no-192-management-of-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy
#10
(no author information available yet)
When any fetal blood group factor inherited from the father is not possessed by the mother, antepartum or intrapartum fetal-maternal bleeding may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Maternal immune reactions also can occur from blood product transfusion. The formation of maternal antibodies, or "alloimmunization," may lead to various degrees of transplacental passage of these antibodies into the fetal circulation. Depending on the degree of antigenicity and the amount and type of antibodies involved, this transplacental passage may lead to hemolytic disease in the fetus and neonate...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470339/acog-practice-bulletin-no-193-summary-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#11
(no author information available yet)
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. Most cases of tubal ectopic pregnancy that are detected early can be treated successfully either with minimally invasive surgery or with medical management using methotrexate. However, tubal ectopic pregnancy in an unstable patient is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention. The purpose of this document is to review information on the current understanding of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to provide guidelines for timely diagnosis and management that are consistent with the best available scientific evidence...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470338/acog-practice-bulletin-no-192-summary-management-of-alloimmunization-during-pregnancy
#12
(no author information available yet)
When any fetal blood group factor inherited from the father is not possessed by the mother, antepartum or intrapartum fetal-maternal bleeding may stimulate an immune reaction in the mother. Maternal immune reactions also can occur from blood product transfusion. The formation of maternal antibodies, or "alloimmunization," may lead to various degrees of transplacental passage of these antibodies into the fetal circulation. Depending on the degree of antigenicity and the amount and type of antibodies involved, this transplacental passage may lead to hemolytic disease in the fetus and neonate...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370047/acog-practice-bulletin-no-190-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370045/acog-practice-bulletin-no-191-summary-tubal-ectopic-pregnancy
#14
(no author information available yet)
Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic pregnancy is the fallopian tube. Most cases of tubal ectopic pregnancy that are detected early can be treated successfully either with minimally invasive surgery or with medical management using methotrexate. However, tubal ectopic pregnancy in an unstable patient is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgical intervention. The purpose of this document is to review information on the current understanding of tubal ectopic pregnancy and to provide guidelines for timely diagnosis and management that are consistent with the best available scientific evidence...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370044/acog-practice-bulletin-no-190-summary-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078938/defining-and-managing-normal-and-abnormal-second-stage-of-labor
#16
REVIEW
Yvonne W Cheng, Aaron B Caughey
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Practice Bulletin No. 49 on Dystocia and Augmentation of Labor defines a prolonged second stage as more than 2 hours without or 3 hours with epidural analgesia in nulliparous women, and 1 hour without, or 2 hours with epidural in multiparous women. This definition diagnoses 10% to 14% of nulliparous and 3% to 3.5% of multiparous women as having a prolonged second stage. Although current labor norms remained largely based on data established by Friedman in the 1950s, modern obstetric population and practice have evolved with time...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644335/practice-bulletin-number-179-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#17
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644328/practice-bulletin-no-179-summary-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-screening-in-average-risk-women
#18
(no author information available yet)
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer death in American women (1). Regular screening mammography starting at age 40 years reduces breast cancer mortality in average-risk women (2). Screening, however, also exposes women to harm through false-positive test results and overdiagnosis of biologically indolent lesions. Differences in balancing benefits and harms have led to differences among major guidelines about what age to start, what age to stop, and how frequently to recommend mammography screening in average-risk women (2-4)...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334585/uptake-and-utilization-of-practice-guidelines-in-hospitals-in-the-united-states-the-case-of-routine-episiotomy
#19
Katy B Kozhimannil, Pinar Karaca-Mandic, Cori J Blauer-Peterson, Neel T Shah, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: The gap between publishing and implementing guidelines differs based on practice setting, including hospital geography and teaching status. On March 31, 2006, a Practice Bulletin published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended against the routine use of episiotomy and urged clinicians to make judicious decisions to restrict the use of the procedure. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated changes in trends of episiotomy use before and after the ACOG Practice Guideline was issued in 2006, focusing on differences by hospital geographic location (rural/urban) and teaching status...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456311/patterns-of-internet-use-by-pregnant-women-and-reliability-of-pregnancy-related-searches
#20
Deepa Maheswari Narasimhulu, Scarlett Karakash, Jeremy Weedon, Howard Minkoff
Objective To assess patterns of e-health use in pregnancy in an underserved racially diverse inner-city population, and to assess the accuracy of pregnancy-related information obtained from the Internet. Methods A cross sectional study of 503 pregnant/postpartum women belonging to an underserved racially diverse inner-city population who completed a survey regarding e-health use. To assess accuracy, four independent expert-reviewers rated the first 10 webpages on Google searches for each of five questions based upon those in ACOG bulletins...
December 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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