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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922825/catholic-understandings-of-female-sexuality-in-1960s-britain
#1
David Geiringer
Recent interpretations of religious change in modern Britain have stressed the importance of a sudden and abrupt 'sexual revolution' during the 1960s. The role the Churches played in bringing about their own demise remains a point of debate, particularly in the case of the Catholic Church. This article attempts to move beyond existing historical disputes over a 'religious crisis' and whether it was rooted in 'internal' causes (problems within the Church) or 'external', secular developments. It explores the way sexual knowledge was discussed and disseminated by Catholic authorities during this decade of perceived cultural transition, drawing on the previously unpublished papers of the Papal Commission for Birth Control 1963-5 and the training manuals of the Catholic Marriage Advisory Council (CMAC)...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922735/assessing-the-interplay-of-childhood-adversities-with-more-recent-stressful-life-events-and-conditions-in-predicting-panic-pathology-among-adults-from-the-general-population
#2
E Asselmann, J Stender, H J Grabe, J König, C O Schmidt, A O Hamm, C A Pané-Farré
BACKGROUND: Although research suggests that (a) childhood adversities and more recent stressful life events/conditions are risk factors for panic pathology and that (b) early life stress increases vulnerability to later psychopathology, it remains unclear whether childhood adversities amplify the association between more recent stressful life events/conditions and panic pathology. METHODS: Data were derived from a general population sample (Study of Health in Pomerania, SHIP)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920706/do-night-and-around-the-clock-firefighters-shift-schedules-induce-deviation-in-tau-from-24-hours-of-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-circadian-rhythms
#3
Alain E Reinberg, Michael H Smolensky, Marc Riedel, Cedric Riedel, Eric Brousse, Yvan Touitou
Systolic (S) and diastolic (D) blood pressures (BP) [SBP and DBP] are circadian rhythmic with period (τ) in healthy persons assumed to be maintained at 24.0h. We tested this assumption in a sample of 30 healthy career (mean >12 yrs) 30-to-46 yr-old male Caucasian French firefighters (FFs) categorized into three groups according to work schedule and duties: Group A - 12 FFs working 12h day, 12h night, and occasionally 24h shifts and whose primary duties are firefighting plus paramedical and road rescue services; Group B - 9 FFs working mostly 12h day and 12h night shifts and whose duties are answering incoming emergency calls and coordinating service vehicle dispatch from fire stations with Group A personnel; Group C - 9 day shift (09:00-17:00h) FFs charged with administrative tasks...
September 18, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#4
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919870/stress-time-pressure-strategy-selection-and-math-anxiety-in-mathematics-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Sara Caviola, Emma Carey, Irene C Mammarella, Denes Szucs
We review how stress induction, time pressure manipulations and math anxiety can interfere with or modulate selection of problem-solving strategies (henceforth "strategy selection") in arithmetical tasks. Nineteen relevant articles were identified, which contain references to strategy selection and time limit (or time manipulations), with some also discussing emotional aspects in mathematical outcomes. Few of these take cognitive processes such as working memory or executive functions into consideration. We conclude that due to the sparsity of available literature our questions can only be partially answered and currently there is not much evidence of clear associations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919723/effect-of-caregivers-expressed-emotion-on-the-care-burden-and-rehospitalization-rate-of-schizophrenia
#6
Xia Wang, Qiongni Chen, Min Yang
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the effect of expressed emotion (EE) among caregivers of schizophrenia patients on their care burden and the illness rehospitalization rate. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 64 schizophrenia patients hospitalized for the first time and their key caregivers were recruited. The Chinese version of the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI-CV) was used to evaluate the EE of the key caregivers. A family burden questionnaire was used to evaluate the care burden...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918360/do-bacteria-shape-our-development-crosstalk-between-intestinal-microbiota-and-hpa-axis
#7
REVIEW
Carolina de Weerth
The human body contains as many bacteria in the intestine as the total number of human body cells. These bacteria have a central position in human health and disease, and would also play a role in the regulation of emotions, behavior, and even higher cognitive functions. The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal axis (HPA axis) is a major physiological stress system that produces cortisol. This hormone is involved in responding to environmental stress and also shapes many aspects of brain development. Both the HPA axis and the intestinal microbiota show rapid and profound developmental changes during the first years of life...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917394/childhood-maltreatment-severity-and-alcohol-use-in-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#8
Christina D Dutcher, Anka A Vujanovic, Daniel J Paulus, Brooke A Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation difficulties are a potentially key mechanism underlying the association between childhood maltreatment and alcohol use in adulthood. The current study examined the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between childhood maltreatment severity (i.e., Childhood Trauma Questionnaire total score) and past-month alcohol use severity, including alcohol consumption frequency and alcohol-related problems (i.e., number of days of alcohol problems, ratings of "bother" caused by alcohol problems, ratings of treatment importance for alcohol problems)...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917188/assessing-the-factor-structure-of-the-childhood-trauma-questionnaire-and-cumulative-effect-of-abuse-and-neglect-on-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-conflict-affected-burundi
#9
Ruby Charak, J T V M de Jong, Lidewyde H Berckmoes, Herman Ndayisaba, Ria Reis
The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ; Bernstein & Fink, 1998), highlight rates of abuse and neglect among Burundian adolescents, compare these rates with those found in high-income nations, and examine the cumulative effect of multiple types of abuse and neglect on depression and PTSD symptoms. Participants were 231 adolescents and youth (M=14.9, SD=1.99, 58.4% female) from five provinces of Burundi, a country in Central Africa affected by war and political violence...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917022/epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management-of-takotsubo-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Shams Y-Hassan, Per Tornvall
Takotsubo syndrome is a recently recognized acute cardiac disease entity with a clinical presentation resembling that of an acute coronary syndrome. The typical takotsubo syndrome patient has a unique circumferential left (bi-) ventricular contraction abnormality profile that extends beyond a coronary artery supply territory and appears to follow the anatomical cardiac sympathetic innervation. The syndrome predominantly affects postmenopausal women and is often preceded by emotional or physical stress. Patients with predisposing factors such as malignancy and other chronic comorbidities are more prone to suffer from takotsubo syndrome...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916500/early-life-stress-modulates-neural-networks-associated-with-habitual-use-of-reappraisal
#11
Elissa El Khawli, Yan Fan, Sabine Aust, Katharina Wirth, Luisa Bönke, Amie Stevense, Ana Herrera, Sophie Metz, Andrea Loayza, Malek Bajbouj, Simone Grimm
Recent evidence shows that early life stress (ELS) is associated with altered resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) between amygdala and the prefrontal cortex, as well as with maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and negative mood. However, the relation between ELS and maladaptive emotion regulation is not deterministic. Adaptive emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal can also ensue from experience and learning in adulthood and can prevent negative mood. The present study aims to investigate the joint influence of ELS, in particular early-life emotional abuse (EA), and habitual use of reappraisal on amygdala-centered RSFC and mood...
September 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915145/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-trauma-exposed-inpatient-adolescents-the-role-of-emotional-nonacceptance-and-anxiety-symptom-severity
#12
Andres G Viana, Abigail E Hanna, Elizabeth M Raines, Emma C Woodward, Daniel J Paulus, Erin C Berenz, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the role of anxiety symptom severity in the relation between emotional nonacceptance and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a diverse sample of trauma-exposed adolescents admitted for acute psychiatric care at an inpatient state hospital (N = 50; 52.0% women; 44% white; mean [SD] age, 15.1 [0.51] years; range, 12-17 years). Anxiety symptom severity partially accounted for the association between emotional nonacceptance and PTSD total symptoms, and fully accounted for the association between emotional nonacceptance and PTSD symptom cluster severity, even after controlling for covariates...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915072/parent-driven-campaign-videos-an-analysis-of-the-motivation-and-affect-of-videos-created-by-parents-of-children-with-complex-healthcare-needs
#13
Bernie Carter, Lucy Bray, Paula Keating, Catherine Wilkinson
Caring for a child with complex health care needs places additional stress and time demands on parents. Parents often turn to their peers to share their experiences, gain support, and lobby for change; increasingly this is done through social media. The WellChild #notanurse_but is a parent-driven campaign that states its aim is to "shine a light" on the care parents, who are not nurses, have to undertake for their child with complex health care needs and to raise decision-makers' awareness of the gaps in service provision and support...
September 15, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914226/comprehensive-care
#14
David Ring
Illness is a combination of pathophysiology and associated thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Given the large number of treatments that are discretionary and preference sensitive, one goal is accurate diagnosis of patient preferences. Reliance on biomedical treatments (e.g., medication and procedures) may overlook important opportunities for improved health such as amelioration of stress and distress and training in more effective coping strategies.
December 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914102/5-httlpr-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-gene-interactions-and-early-adverse-life-events-effect-on-impulsivity-in-suicide-attempters
#15
Luis Jiménez-Treviño, Pilar Alejandra Saiz, Maria Paz García-Portilla, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Vladimir Carli, Miriam Iosue, Isabelle Jaussent, Jorge López-Castroman, Concepcion Vaquero-Lorenzo, Marco Sarchiapone, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Julio Bobes
OBJECTIVES: An expanding body of research suggests that childhood adverse experiences can lead to different negative health outcomes, including attempted suicide. Serotonergic genes such as the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) have been associated both with impulsivity in suicide attempts and reactivity to environmental stress exposure. BDNF gene may play an epigenetic role. METHODS: We studied the influence of childhood stressful events and 5-HTTLPR genotype on impulsivity measured by Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-10) in a multicentre sample of 1,655 suicide attempters (69...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914068/-the-extent-of-the-burnout-syndrome-among-pharmacists-partial-study
#16
Markéta Saligerová, Jozef Kolář
The paper deals with the possibilities of investigating the susceptibility to burnout syndrome in pharmacists and pharmaceutical assistants working in pharmacies. By using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, between November 2015 and January 2016, 53 healthcare professionals were contacted in 11 pharmacies (Brno, Vyškov). The results of the research show that with an increasing length of practice the average EE factor (emotional exhaustion) increases. The DP (depersonalization) factor does not increase significantly with the increase in the length of practice...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913886/what-s-parenting-got-to-do-with-it-emotional-autonomy-and-brain-and-behavioral-responses-to-emotional-conflict-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Hilary A Marusak, Moriah E Thomason, Kelsey Sala-Hamrick, Laura Crespo, Christine A Rabinak
Healthy parenting may be protective against the development of emotional psychopathology, particularly for children reared in stressful environments. Little is known, however, about the brain and behavioral mechanisms underlying this association, particularly during childhood and adolescence, when emotional disorders frequently emerge. Here, we demonstrate that psychological control, a parenting strategy known to limit socioemotional development in children, is associated with altered brain and behavioral responses to emotional conflict in 27 at-risk (urban, lower income) youth, ages 9-16...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912210/sex-differences-in-clinical-characteristics-psychosocial-factors-and-outcomes-among-patients-with-stable-coronary-heart-disease-insights-from-the-stability-stabilization-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-by-initiation-of-darapladib-therapy-trial
#18
Patricia Oliveira Guimarães, Christopher B Granger, Amanda Stebbins, Karen Chiswell, Claes Held, Judith S Hochman, Susan Krug-Gourley, Eva Lonn, Renato D Lopes, Ralph A H Stewart, Dragos Vinereanu, Lars Wallentin, Harvey D White, Emil Hagström, Nicolas Danchin
BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of differences between men and women with coronary heart disease is needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this post hoc analysis of the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) trial, we described psychosocial factors, treatments, and outcomes of men versus women with stable coronary heart disease and explored the association of sex with psychosocial characteristics and cardiovascular risk...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911938/-families-experiences-and-satisfaction-with-a-pediatric-emergency-service
#19
S Perret, M Gehri, J Pluies, I Rossi, C Akre
OBJECTIVE: Today, pediatric emergency services receive a rising number of "non-urgent" cases, which are due to parental anxiety or a miscomprehension of medical explanations. The aim of this study was therefore to understand what those families experience and need when they consult in such cases, in order to respond with adapted solutions. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires with parents, after the consultation or in the waiting room. RESULTS: Based on the families' narratives, we present the results in six steps, which correspond to the steps they experience from the decision to go to the hospital to the consultation...
September 11, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911803/sensory-overload-and-imbalance-resting-state-vestibular-connectivity-in-ptsd-and-its-dissociative-subtype
#20
Sherain Harricharan, Andrew A Nicholson, Maria Densmore, Jean Théberge, Margaret C McKinnon, Richard W J Neufeld, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: The vestibular system integrates multisensory information to monitor one's bodily orientation in space, and is influenced by interoceptive awareness. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) involves typically alterations in interoceptive and bodily self-awareness evidenced by symptoms of hyperarousal, as well as of emotional detachment, including emotional numbing, depersonalization, and derealization. These alterations may disrupt vestibular multisensory integration between the brainstem (vestibular nuclei) and key vestibular cortical regions (parieto-insular vestibular cortex, prefrontal cortex)...
September 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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