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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339638/the-impact-of-older-parents-pain-symptoms-on-adult-children
#1
Karl Pillemer, Catherine Riffin, J Jill Suitor, Siyun Peng, M C Reid
Objective. : Not only is persistent pain a debilitating health problem for older adults, it also may have negative effects on family relationships. Studies have documented the effects of pain on spouses and on parents of young children. However, research has not extended this line of inquiry to later life, and specifically to the impact of older parents' pain symptoms on adult children. This study addresses the question: Does older mothers' pain affect the quality of relations with offspring? Subjects and Design...
February 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334466/home-care-services-for-sick-children-healthcare-professionals-conceptions-of-challenges-and-facilitators
#2
Charlotte Castor, Inger Hallström, Helena Hansson, Kajsa Landgren
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore healthcare professionals' conceptions of caring for sick children in home care services. BACKGROUND: Families often prefer home care to hospital care and the number of home care services for children is increasing. Caring for children at home has been recognised as challenging for healthcare professionals in home care services used to providing care predominately for adults. DESIGN: An inductive qualitative design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329940/-effectiveness-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-henan-province-2002-2013
#3
Q Wang, D Y Sun, P Y Fan, Y M Ma, N Ma, H Si, N Li, Z Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on preventing mother to child transmission of HIV and identify the influencing factors. Methods: The data regarding the pregnant women and their infants were collected, including demographic characteristics, pregnancy and delivery, access to antiviral therapy, HIV infection status at age 18 months and survival of infants between 2002 and 2013 through follow-up, Multivariate logistic regression model were used to identify the influencing factors. Results: By the end of 2013, a total of 8 621 554 pregnant women received HIV test, among them 2 264 were infected with HIV...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329430/maintaining-family-life-balance-while-facing-a-child-s-imminent-death-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco
AIM: To understand parents' experiences and needs during a child's end-of-life care at home and to identify systemic factors that influence its provision. BACKGROUND: A child's end-of-life phase is an extremely difficult time for the whole family. Parents have specific needs, especially when they care for a dying child at home. DESIGN: Concurrent embedded mixed methods design. METHODS: This sub-study of the nationwide survey, 'Paediatric End-of-Life Care Needs in Switzerland' (2012-2015) included 47 children who received EOL care at home from 2011-2012...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329417/nursing-judgement-and-decision-making-using-the-sedation-withdrawal-score-sws-in-children
#5
Jennie Craske, Bernie Carter, Ian H Jarman, Lyvonne N Tume
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate registered children's nurses' approaches to the assessment and management of withdrawal syndrome in children. BACKGROUND: Assessment of withdrawal syndrome is undertaken following critical illness when the child's condition may be unstable with competing differential diagnoses. Assessment tools aim to standardise and improve recognition of withdrawal syndrome. Making the right decisions in complex clinical situations requires a degree of mental effort and it is not known how nurses make decisions when undertaking withdrawal assessments...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329160/maternal-microchimerism-predicts-increased-infection-but-decreased-disease-due-to-p-falciparum-during-early-childhood
#6
Whitney E Harrington, Sami B Kanaan, Atis Muehlenbachs, Robert Morrison, Philip Stevenson, Michal Fried, Patrick E Duffy, J Lee Nelson
BACKGROUND: A mother's infection with placental malaria (PM) can affect her child's susceptibility to malaria, although the mechanism remains unclear. The fetus acquires a small amount of maternal cells and DNA known as maternal microchimerism (MMc), and we hypothesized that PM increases MMc and that MMc alters risk of P. falciparum malaria during infancy. METHODS: In a nested cohort from Muheza, Tanzania, we evaluated the presence and level of cord blood MMc in offspring of women with and without PM...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328809/infectious-diseases-prevalence-vaccination-coverage-and-diagnostic-challenges-in-a-population-of-internationally-adopted-children-referred-to-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Sara Sollai, Francesca Ghetti, Leila Bianchi, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli, Elena Chiappini
Infectious diseases are common in internationally adopted children (IAC).With the objective to evaluate infectious diseases prevalence in a large cohort of IAC and to explore possible risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) and parasitic infections, clinical and laboratory data at first screening visit of all IAC (<18 years) consecutively referred to our Center in 2009 to 2015 were collected and analyzed.In total, 1612 children (median age: 5.40 years; interquartile range: 3.00-7.90) were enrolled, 123/1612 (7...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327415/identifying-families-with-complex-needs-after-an-initial-child-abuse-investigation-a-comparison-of-demographics-and-needs-related-to-domestic-violence-mental-health-and-substance-use
#8
James David Simon, Devon Brooks
Families with complex needs related to domestic violence, mental health, and substance use have some of the worst child protective services (CPS) outcomes. Although many of these families are identified during a CPS investigation and subsequently referred to home-based postinvestigation services (HBPS), many are re-reported to CPS, so it is important to understand the postinvestigation experiences of this vulnerable group. Therefore, this study compared families with and without complex needs to understand their uniquedemographics, needs, and postinvestigation outcomes...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327118/sociodemographic-and-delivery-risk-factors-for-developing-postpartum-depression-in-a-sample-of-3233-mothers-from-the-czech-elspac-study
#9
Adam Fiala, Jan Švancara, Jana Klánová, Tomáš Kašpárek
BACKGROUND: In the postpartum period, certain groups of women are at a higher risk for developing depressive episodes. Several studies have described risk factors for developing postpartum depression (PPD). However, these studies have used limited numbers of participants, and therefore the estimated prevalence of PPD varies greatly. METHODS: The objective of this study is to identify the main risk factors for developing PPD by using data collected via the Czech version of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC)...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324791/spatio-temporal-neighborhood-impacts-on-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-u-s-elementary-school-children-effect-modification-by-child-and-family-socio-demographics
#10
Jamie L Humphrey, Elisabeth D Root
Increasing evidence from experimental and non-experimental research has shown that children residing in disadvantaged neighborhoods exhibit greater levels of internalizing and externalizing behaviors, above and beyond individual characteristics, and family or school contexts. Using the ECLS-K, a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of U.S. school children, this study examined direct neighborhood effects on internalizing (N = 14,870; N = 10,610) and externalizing (N = 14,960; N = 10,730) behaviors at the beginning and end of elementary school...
March 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323542/organized-abuse-in-adulthood-survivor-and-professional-perspectives
#11
Michael Salter
This paper reports on the preliminary findings of a qualitative study of Australian women disclosing organized abuse in adulthood and the mental health professionals who treat them. Drawing on interviews with survivors and mental health professionals, the paper analyses the fraught relationship between mental health and physical safety for adults subject to organized abuse. The therapeutic progress of adult organized abuse victims can be disrupted by ongoing threats, stalking, and group violence, which in turn reinforces the dissociative responses and pathological attachments that render them vulnerable to revictimization...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323475/universal-mandatory-reporting-policies-and-the-odds-of-identifying-child-physical-abuse
#12
Grace W K Ho, Deborah A Gross, Amie Bettencourt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between universal mandatory reporting (UMR), child physical abuse reporting, and the moderating effect of UMR on physical abuse report outcomes by report source. METHODS: We used a national data set of 204 414 children reported for physical abuse in 2013 to compare rates of total and confirmed reports by states or territories with and without UMR. We estimated odds and predicted probabilities of confirming a physical abuse report made by professional versus nonprofessional reporters, accounting for the moderating effect of UMR and individual-level characteristics...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320387/case-report-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-triggered-by-influenza-b
#13
Robin Kobbe, Raphael Schild, Martin Christner, Jun Oh, Sebastian Loos, Markus J Kemper
BACKGROUND: Influenza A infections have been described to cause secondary hemolytic uremic syndrome and to trigger atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) in individuals with an underlying genetic complement dysregulation. To date, influenza B has not been reported to trigger aHUS. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-month-old boy presented with hemolytic uremic syndrome triggered by influenza B infection. Initially the child recovered spontaneously. When he relapsed Eculizumab treatment was initiated, resulting in complete and sustained remission...
March 20, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319300/children-s-mouthing-of-soil-contaminated-objects-is-associated-with-environmental-enteropathy
#14
Tomohiko Morita, Jamie Perin, Lauren Oldja, Shwapon Biswas, R Bradley Sack, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Rashidul Haque, Nurul Amin Bhuiyan, Tahmina Parvin, Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Mahmuda Akter, Kaisar A Talukder, Shahnaij Mohammad, Abu G Faruque, Christine Marie George
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between children's mouthing behaviors, diarrhea, and environmental enteropathy. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 216 children ≤ 30 months of age in rural Bangladesh. Mouthing contacts with soil and food and objects with visible soil was measured by five-hour structured observation. Stool was analyzed for four fecal markers of intestinal inflammation: alpha-1-antitrypsin, myeloperoxidase, neopterin, and calprotectin...
March 20, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318766/bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-at-birth-and-antibody-responses-to-childhood-vaccines-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Thomas Nørrelykke Nissen, Nina Marie Birk, Gaby Smits, Dorthe Lisbeth Jeppesen, Lone Graff Stensballe, Mihai G Netea, Fiona van der Klis, Christine Stabell Benn, Ole Pryds
INTRODUCTION: BCG vaccination has been associated with beneficial non-specific effects on child health. Some immunological studies have reported heterologous effects of vaccines on antibody responses to heterologous vaccines. Within a randomised clinical trial of Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination at birth, The Danish Calmette Study, we investigated the effect of BCG at birth on the antibody response to the three routine vaccines against DiTeKiPol/Act-Hib and Prevenar 13 in a subgroup of participants...
March 15, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316098/therapeutic-options-for-dysfunctional-breathing-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Bodo Niggemann, Christine Lehmann, Dorothea Pfeiffer-Kascha, Christa Weiss
Dysfunctional breathing is common and represents important differential diagnoses for respiratory discomfort. Typical examples include habit cough, sighing dyspnoea, hyperventilation syndrome, dysfunctional breathing patterns or vocal cord dysfunction (1,2). Comorbidities are frequent, especially with bronchial asthma. In some cases dysfunctional breathing may be a sequelae of child neglect or abuse. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315892/fortification-of-complementary-foods-a-review-of-products-and-program-delivery
#17
Lynnette M Neufeld, Saskia J M Osendarp, Wendy Gonzalez
Fortified complementary foods (FCF) and home fortificants - single-sachet micronutrient powders (MNP) or small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) to be added to a child's food immediately before consumption - have been shown to be efficacious to improve the micronutrient status and some functional outcomes in children 6-23 months of age. The objective of this chapter is to describe and discuss the latest advances related to the composition and delivery of FCF products, including home and commercial fortification...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302201/-risk-factors-for-allergic-diseases-in-children-aged-0-24-months-in-the-wuhu-urban-area-anhui-province-china
#18
Shou-Gui Wang, Xiang-Sheng Zhang, Yan-Fang Zhao, Li Sun, Xi-Tao Pan, Ning Wan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of allergic diseases in children aged 0-24 months in the Wuhu urban area of Anhui Province and risk factors for allergic diseases. METHODS: Cluster random sampling was performed to select 600 children aged 0-24 months and their mothers from the Wuhu urban area, and a questionnaire survey was conducted to collect the data of disease history, family history, mothers' conditions during pregnancy, and child-rearing situation...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301686/non-operative-control-of-cavitated-approximal-caries-lesions-in-primary-molars-a-prospective-evaluation-of-cases
#19
Niels V Hansen, Bente Nyvad
The effect of non-operative caries control at cavity level is often questioned. This prospective study of cases aims to evaluate the suitability of non-operative treatment of active cavitated approximal caries lesions in primary molars by assessing clinical changes of lesions over time. Further, we evaluate childrens and parents attitudes in response to non-operative cavity treatment. Thirty-nine children attending a community dental service, aged 5-11 years, joined the evaluation based on the following criteria: i) presence of at least one active cavitated caries lesion in the distal surface of first primary molar or mesial surface of the second primary molar extending up to two thirds into dentin assessed radiographically, ii) absence of spontaneous pain, iii) absence of pulpal or periapical pathology...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301061/the-sbu-report-a-different-view
#20
Alex V Levin
The paper by Lynøe and coworkers(1) is a summary of the previously published SBU report of 2016 (2) in which the authors correctly state, "The injuries in question in situations in which traumatic shaking is suspected may be serious in nature, both in acute terms and also in the longer term. The injuries may be life-threatening, or entail a risk of permanent consequences in terms of the child's development, health and future quality of life." This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 16, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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