keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child protection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168394/documentation-of-child-maltreatment-in-electronic-health-records
#1
Canan Karatekin, Brandon Almy, Susan Marshall Mason, Iris Borowsky, Andrew Barnes
International Classification of Diseases codes for child maltreatment can aid surveillance and research, but the extent to which they are used is not well established. We documented prevalence of the use of maltreatment-related codes, examined demographic characteristics of youth assigned these codes, and compared results with previous studies. Data were extracted from electronic health records of 0- to 21-year-olds assigned 1 of 15 maltreatment-related International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes who had encounters in a large medical system over a 4-year period...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168294/association-of-prenatal-folate-status-with-early-childhood-wheeze-and-atopic-dermatitis
#2
Aditi Roy, Mehmet Kocak, Terryl J Hartman, Shanda Vereen, Margaret Adgent, Chandrika Piyathilake, Frances A Tylavsky, Kecia N Carroll
BACKGROUND: Prenatal folic acid supplementation is recommended to prevent birth defects. Some foods are fortified in the U.S.to ensure sufficient intake among reproductive-aged women. However, high prenatal folate exposure may be a risk factor for childhood atopic diseases. We investigated associations between prenatal folate and early childhood wheeze and atopic dermatitis in a U.S. cohort. METHODS: We studied 858 mother-child dyads, enrolled prenatally. Folate was measured in 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimester maternal plasma...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167697/young-lives-disrupted-gender-and-well-being-among-adolescent-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#3
Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M Fouad, Seema Manohar, Courtland Robinson
Background: The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. While some are living in tented settlements, the majority are living in strained conditions in rented accommodation or collective shelters in the Bekaa Valley next to Syria. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable in any crisis. In 2013-4, the American University in Beirut in collaboration with the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins and Save the Children, sought to understand the specific experiences of very young adolescents, those 10-14 years of age, in this protracted crisis context...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165831/external-validation-of-the-ita-li-ca-prognostic-system-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-multicenter-cohort-study-hep-17-0903
#4
Mauro Borzio, Elena Dionigi, Angelo Rossini, Massimo Marignani, Rodolfo Sacco, Ilario De Sio, Emanuela Bertolini, Giampiero Francica, Anna Giacomin, Giancarlo Parisi, Susanna Vicari, Anna Toldi, Andrea Salmi, Sergio Boccia, Mario Mitra, Fabio Fornari
Several staging systems for HCC have been developed. BCLC is considered the best in predicting survival, although limitations have emerged. Recently the Italian-Liver-Cancer (ITA.LI.CA) prognostic system, integrating the ITA.LI.CA tumor-staging (stages 0, A, B1-3; C) with Child-Pugh score, ECOG-PST, and AFP with a strong ability to predict survival was proposed. Aim of our study was to provide an external validation of the ITA.LI.CA system in an independent real-life occidental cohort of HCCs. METHODS: From September 2008 to April 2016, 1508 cirrhotics with incident HCC were consecutively enrolled in 27 Italian institutions (EpaHCC multi-institutional cohort)...
November 22, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165332/the-economic-burden-of-violence-against-children-in-south-africa
#5
Xiangming Fang, Xiaodong Zheng, Deborah A Fry, Gary Ganz, Tabitha Casey, Celia Hsiao, Catherine L Ward
The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic burden of violence against children in South Africa. We assembled summative estimates of lifetime prevalence, calculated the magnitude of associations with negative outcomes, and thereby estimated the economic burden of violence against children. According to our calculations, 2.3 million and 84,287 disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost in South Africa in 2015 were attributable to nonfatal and fatal violence against children, respectively. The estimated economic value of DALYs lost to violence against children (including both fatal and nonfatal) in South Africa in 2015 totalled ZAR173 billion (US $13...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164762/recalibrated-meld-and-hepatic-encephalopathy-are-prognostic-factors-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-acute-variceal-bleeding
#6
Marika Rudler, Christophe Bureau, Nicolas Carbonell, Philippe Mathurin, Faouzi Saliba, Arianne Mallat, Julien Massard, Jean-Louis Golmard, Brigitte Bernard-Chabert, Nina Dib, Dominique Thabut
BACKGROUND: Early TIPS placement must be considered in patients with Child-Pugh B and active bleeding at endoscopy or in patients with Child-Pugh C 10-13 and variceal bleeding. However, active bleeding at endoscopy is a subjective criterion. Moreover, a previous study has shown that a MELD-based score accurately predicted 6-week mortality and helped to stratify patients. Using a prospective series of patients included in a multicentre study before the era of early TIPS, we aimed (1) to identify factors associated with 6-week mortality, focusing on the prognostic value of active bleeding; and (2) to assess whether a recalibrated MELD-based score accurately predicted 6-week mortality...
November 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164754/interventions-to-significantly-improve-service-uptake-and-retention-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-and-hiv-exposed-infants-along-the-pmtct-continuum-of-care-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Alexandra C Vrazo, Jacqueline Firth, Anouk Amzel, Rebecca Sedillo, Julia Ryan, B Ryan Phelps
OBJECTIVES: Despite the success of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs, low uptake of services and poor retention pose a formidable challenge to achieving the elimination of vertical HIV transmission in low and middle-income countries. This systematic review summarizes interventions that demonstrate statistically significant improvements in service uptake and retention of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women and their infants along the PMTCT cascade...
November 22, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162173/change-in-fk506-binding-protein-5-fkbp5-methylation-over-time-among-preschoolers-with-adversity
#8
Stephanie H Parade, Justin Parent, Kantoniony Rabemananjara, Ronald Seifer, Carmen J Marsit, Bao-Zhu Yang, Huiping Zhang, Audrey R Tyrka
FK506 binding protein 5 (FKBP5) alters stress response system functioning, and childhood maltreatment is associated with methylation of the FKBP5 gene. Yet it is unknown if maltreatment contributes to change in FKBP5 methylation over time. The current study draws upon a sample of 231 preschoolers, including 123 with child welfare documentation of moderate to severe maltreatment in the past 6 months, to understand if maltreatment contributes to change in FKBP5 methylation over a 6-month period. Review of child protection records and semistructured interviews in the home were used to assess maltreatment and exposure to other contextual stressors, as well as service utilization...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162170/dynamic-stress-related-epigenetic-regulation-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor-gene-promoter-during-early-development-the-role-of-child-maltreatment
#9
Justin Parent, Stephanie H Parade, Laura E Laumann, Kathryn K Ridout, Bao-Zhu Yang, Carmen J Marsit, Ronald Seifer, Audrey R Tyrka
Epigenetics processes may play a vital role in the biological embedding of early environmental adversity and the development of psychopathology. Accumulating evidence suggests that maltreatment is linked to methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor gene, nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C, member 1 (NR3C1), which is a key regulator of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, prior work has been exclusively cross-sectional, greatly constraining our understanding of stress-related epigenetic processes over time...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162169/stress-exposure-and-psychopathology-alter-methylation-of-the-serotonin-receptor-2a-htr2a-gene-in-preschoolers
#10
Stephanie H Parade, Andrew M Novick, Justin Parent, Ronald Seifer, Samantha J Klaver, Carmen J Marsit, Asi Polly Gobin, Bao-Zhu Yang, Audrey R Tyrka
Serotonin signaling pathways play a key role in brain development, stress reactivity, and mental health. Epigenetic alterations in the serotonin system may underlie the effect of early life stress on psychopathology. The current study examined methylation of the serotonin receptor 2A (HTR2A) gene in a sample of 228 children including 119 with child welfare documentation of moderate to severe maltreatment within the last 6 months. Child protection records, semistructured interviews in the home, and parent reports were used to assess child stress exposure, psychiatric symptoms, and behavior...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161472/a-young-child-with-fever-alopecia-and-skin-nodules-a-clinicopathological-conference
#11
Pandiarajan Vignesh, Aman Gupta, Deepti Suri, Debajyoti Chatterjee, Uma Nahar Saikia, Amita Trehan, Surjit Singh
The illness started as a continuous high-grade fever noted up to 103°F.. Subsequently, he also developed red painful skin nodules that initially appeared over shins and later progressed to involve thighs, trunks, upper extremities, and face. The nodules also appeared over scalp and there was a was a progressive loss of scalp hair. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160719/geographical-proximity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-adult-child-caregivers-social-support-as-a-moderator
#12
Mengting Li, Weiyu Mao, Iris Chi, Vivian W Q Lou
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether geographical proximity is a predictor of depressive symptoms, and whether family and friend support can moderate the relationship between geographical proximity and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A survey of 557 adult child primary caregivers was conducted in Shanghai, China in 2013. Geographical proximity was measured as a categorical variable: coresidence, short distance (less than 30 minutes' travel time), and long distance (more than 30 minutes' travel time)...
November 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160184/awareness-use-and-information-sources-of-folic-acid-supplementation-to-prevent-neural-tube-defects-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#13
Shumi Yamamoto, Yoshinao Wada
OBJECTIVE: Folic acid supplementation and folate-rich diets are recommended for women of childbearing age worldwide to prevent congenital anomalies. We aimed to determine the current status of folic acid supplementation among pregnant Japanese women and identify means to increase the intake of these supplements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1862 pregnant women who consulted the perinatal centre from September 2014 to December 2015 completed a questionnaire concerning knowledge about folic acid, sources of information and the use of folic acid supplements...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159910/patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-need-a-personalized-management-a-lesson-from-clinical-practice
#14
Edoardo G Giannini, Laura Bucci, Francesca Garuti, Matteo Brunacci, Barbara Lenzi, Matteo Valente, Eugenio Caturelli, Giuseppe Cabibbo, Fabio Piscaglia, Roberto Virdone, Martina Felder, Francesca Ciccarese, Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Rodolfo Sacco, Gianluca Svegliati Baroni, Fabio Farinati, Gian Lodovico Rapaccini, Andrea Olivani, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maria Di Marco, Filomena Morisco, Marco Zoli, Alberto Masotto, Franco Borzio, Luisa Benvegnù, Fabio Marra, Antonio Colecchia, Gerardo Nardone, Mauro Bernardi, Franco Trevisani
The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer advanced stage (BCLC C) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) includes a heterogeneous population, where sorafenib alone is the recommended treatment. In this study our aim was to assess treatment and overall survival (OS) of BCLC C patients sub-classified according to clinical features (Performance Status [PS], macro-vascular invasion [MVI], extra-hepatic spread [EHS] or MVI+EHS) determining their allocation to this stage. From the Italian Liver Cancer database, we analysed 835 consecutive BCLC C patients diagnosed between 2008 and 2014...
November 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157504/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#15
REVIEW
Amy Goldberg, Jessica Moore
Commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sex trafficking is a major public health issue globally. Domestic minor sex trafficking has become increasingly recognized within the United States. Sexually exploited minors are commonly identified as having psychosocial risk factors, including histories of abuse or neglect, running away, substance use or abuse, and involvement with child protective services. Youth also suffer a variety of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and suicidality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156094/multiple-transmissions-of-chromosomally-integrated-human-herpesvirus-6-in-one-family
#16
Armin Rashidi, Karam Obeid, Joshua Hill, Erica D Warlick, Daniel J Weisdorf
Chromosomally integrated human herpesvirus-6 (ciHHV-6) can be transmitted from parent to child or via allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We report a case of ciHHV-6 transmitted via syngeneic HCT, and vertically across three generations. ciHHV-6 was transmitted from a parent to the patient and her identical twin, and from the patient to her son. The patient underwent syngeneic HCT as rescue from chemotherapy-induced aplasia during which ciHHV-6 was re-transmitted to her, this time from her identical twin...
November 20, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154142/child-trafficking-and-the-european-migration-crisis-the-role-of-forensic-practitioners
#17
Zuzana Obertová, Cristina Cattaneo
Trafficking in children is one of the worst forms of human rights violation and is categorised as a serious crime. Children at high risk of becoming victims of trafficking are runaways, children with a history of abuse, and migrant children. Internationally, cases of child trafficking are increasing the most in Europe, which is likely the result of the current migration crisis. In crises, preventing and combating human trafficking needs to be prioritized, considering that the aims of humanitarian action include saving lives, easing suffering and preserving human dignity...
November 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154020/skeletal-surveys-in-young-injured-children-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Christine W Paine, Joanne N Wood
Skeletal surveys (SSs) have been identified as a key component of the evaluation for suspected abuse in young children, but variability in SS utilization has been reported. Thus, we aimed to describe the utilization patterns, yield, and risks of obtaining SS in young children through a systematic literature review. We searched PubMed/MEDLINE and CINAHL databases for articles published between 1990 and 2016 on SS. We calculated study-specific percentages of SS utilization and detection of occult fractures and examined the likelihoods that patient characteristics predict SS utilization and detection of occult fractures...
November 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151834/late-introduction-of-fish-and-eggs-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-allergy-development-results-from-the-farmflora-birth-cohort
#19
K Jonsson, M Barman, H K Brekke, B Hesselmar, S Johansen, A-S Sandberg, A E Wold
The prevalence of allergy is markedly low in children growing up on farms. An increasing number of studies indicate that the timing of food introduction may affect allergy development. We aimed to investigate if protection against allergy in farm environments may be mediated through differences in food-introduction practices between farm and non-farm families, using an explorative approach. Twenty-eight farm and 37 non-farm children were included in the FARMFLORA birth cohort. Practices of breastfeeding and introduction of formulas and complementary foods were collected by questionnaires at 6, 12, and 18 months of age...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150869/maternal-mood-disorders-and-lithium-exposure-in-utero-were-not-associated-with-poor-cognitive-development-during-childhood
#20
L Forsberg, M Adler, I Römer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide
AIM: This study evaluated whether maternal mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, and lithium treatment during pregnancy influenced the neonatal health and cognition of children born from 2006- 2010. METHODS: Our study at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, focused on women with and without mood disorders and their children. Information on pharmacotherapy, mental health, delivery and neonatal complications was retrospectively collected from electronic patient records...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
keyword
keyword
67926
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"