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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646709/association-between-father-involvement-and-attitudes-in-early-child-rearing-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-pre-adolescent-period-in-a-uk-birth-cohort
#1
Charles Opondo, Maggie Redshaw, Maria A Quigley
BACKGROUND: Much of the research on parenting and its influence on child development has emphasised the mother's role. However, increasing evidence highlights the important role of fathers in the development, health and well-being of their children. We sought to explore the association between paternal involvement in early child-rearing and depressive symptoms in 9 and 11 year-old children. METHODS: We used data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort recruited in the southwest of England...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#2
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643457/eradication-of-hepatitis-c-virus-profoundly-prolongs-survival-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-receiving-transarterial-chemoembolization
#3
Wei Teng, Yi-Chung Hsieh, Kar-Wai Lui, Wei-Ting Chen, Chien-Fu Hung, Chien-Hao Huang, Yi-Cheng Chen, Wen-Juei Jeng, Chen-Chun Lin, Chun-Yen Lin, Shi-Ming Lin, I-Shyan Sheen
Adjuvant pegylated interferon plus ribavirin treatment (PegIFN/RBV) reduces recurrence and prolongs survival in early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection receiving resection or ablation. However, the impact of antiviral therapy in intermediate and advanced stage of CHC-HCC patients is uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the impact PegIFN/RBV treatment on recurrence free interval and survival in HCC patients receiving transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, 274 CHC patients from a 1073-patients based cohort composed of freshly diagnosed HCC and receiving TACE treatment the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center were recruited...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643117/children-s-family-experiences-development-of-the-promis-%C3%A2-pediatric-family-relationships-measures
#4
Katherine B Bevans, Anne W Riley, Jeanne M Landgraf, Adam C Carle, Rachel E Teneralli, Barbara H Fiese, Lisa J Meltzer, Anna K Ettinger, Brandon D Becker, Christopher B Forrest
PURPOSE: To describe the development of pediatric family relationships measures, with versions for child self-report (8-17 years) and parent-report for children 5-17 years old. Measures were created for integration into the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS(®)). METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 10 experts, 24 children, and 8 parents were conducted to elicit and clarify essential elements of family relationships. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify item concepts representative of each element...
June 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642509/in-our-opinion
#5
G Roberts, V S Lucas, F McDonald, S Camilleri, J Jayaraman, D Davies, K Moze
The misleading statements made in the British Dental Journal in the December 2016 issue relating to dental age assessment are assessed for inaccuracies and negligent omission of the issue of Child Protection. It is emphasised that there is a need for the approach of objective knowledge viz. not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts. The article by the Chair of the Education, Ethics, and Team Working Group implies that unsatisfactory consent procedures are followed...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641534/interest-of-single-hair-analysis-to-document-drug-exposure-literature-review-and-a-case-report-involving-zuclopenthixol
#6
Nathalie Allibe, Pascal Kintz, Amandine Faure, François Paysant, Anne-Pascale Michard-Lenoir, Françoise Stanke-Labesque, Virginie Scolan, Hélène Eysseric-Guerin
The analysis of hair to detect drugs and drugs of abuse is performed in various contexts, including child protection cases, abstinence control programs, and workplace drug testing. This alternative matrix offers several advantages, such as a large detection window (months) and non-invasive collection. Segmental analysis of multiple hair strands for drugs and metabolites has been widely reported in the literature over the past three decades, whereas a review of the literature showed that there are only 26 articles that report the analysis of a single hair...
June 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641361/maternal-alcohol-use-disorder-and-risk-of-child-contact-with-the-justice-system-in-western-australia-a-population-cohort-record-linkage-study
#7
Katherine Hafekost, David Lawrence, Colleen O'Leary, Carol Bower, James Semmens, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Early contact with the justice system is associated with a multitude of negative outcomes across the life course. This includes an increased risk of ongoing justice contact, social disadvantage and marginalization, and mental health and substance use issues. Children whose mothers have an alcohol use disorder may be at risk of early justice system contact, and we sought to quantify this relationship in a Western Australian cohort. METHODS: This population cohort study made use of linked administrative data...
June 22, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641135/variation-in-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-by-dutch-child-healthcare-professionals
#8
Simeon J A Visscher, Henk F van Stel
Child maltreatment (CM) is a common condition with a large impact on the victim and society. In the Netherlands, the preventive child healthcare (CHC) aims to protect children against such threats. However, several studies indicate that the efficacy in this area may be suboptimal for many CHC professionals. Therefore, this study aims to map the practice variation in the primary and secondary prevention of CM, by CHC physicians and nurses. This mixed-methods study used interviews to identify relevant topics and develop an online questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641063/launching-adoptees-into-adulthood-mothers-and-fathers-promotion-of-volitional-functioning
#9
Sonia Ranieri, Laura Ferrari, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
In the psychological literature, there is growing evidence that parental support of children's volitional functioning is one of the most prominent protective factors during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. According to the Self-Determination Theory, children cope best with developmental tasks when they acquire a sense of self-governance and self-endorsed functioning. In the field of adoption research, however, the parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF) and its relation to the adopted child's development are still underinvestigated...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639383/longitudinal-associations-between-low-morning-cortisol-in-infancy-and-anger-dysregulation-in-early-childhood-in-a-cps-referred-sample
#10
Allison Frost, Caitlin Jelinek, Kristin Bernard, Teresa Lind, Mary Dozier
Children who experience early adversity are at increased risk for developing psychopathology, and dysfunction of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis is a possible mechanism conferring this risk. This study sought to characterize the association between morning cortisol during different developmental periods and deficits in children's emotion regulation, a core feature of many psychological disorders. Morning cortisol was collected at two time points (i.e., during infancy, M = 13.0 months old, and during early childhood, M = 36...
June 21, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639284/soft-tissue-angiofibroma-clinicopathologic-immunohistochemical-and-molecular-analysis-of-14-cases
#11
Elise M Bekers, Patricia Jta Groenen, Marian Aj Verdijk, Winny L Raaijmakers-van Geloof, Paul Roepman, Robert Vink, Nathalie D B Gilhuijs, Joost M van Gorp, Judith Vmg Bovée, David H Creytens, Adrienne M Flanagan, Albert Jh Suurmeijer, Thomas Mentzel, Elsa Arbajian, Uta Flucke
Soft tissue angiofibroma is rare and has characteristic histomorphological and genetic features. For diagnostic purposes, there are no specific antibodies available. Fourteen lesions (6 females, 8 males; age range 7 - 67 years) of the lower extremities (12) and trunk (2) were investigated by immunohistochemistry, including for the first time NCOA2. NCOA2 was also tested in a control group of other spindle cell lesions. The known fusion-genes (AHRR-NCOA2 and GTF2I-NCOA2) were examined using RT-PCR in order to evaluate their diagnostic value...
June 22, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637312/the-provision-of-healthcare-to-young-and-dependent-children-the-principles-concepts-and-utility-of-the-children-act-1989
#12
Jo Bridgeman
This article undertakes a thorough analysis of the case law concerned with the provision of healthcare to young and dependent children. It demonstrates how, despite the procedural changes introduced by the Children Act 1989 at an early stage in this body of case law, cases have continued to be brought to court by way of applications for the court to exercise its inherent jurisdiction or in wardship rather than using the orders introduced by the Act. In determining these cases, the court is focused upon its protective duty to the vulnerable but proceedings appear to be adversarial contests between the claims of adults to know what is best for the child in which the medical view normally prevails...
June 14, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632958/decreased-portal-vein-velocity-is-predictive-of-the-development-of-portal-vein-thrombosis-a-matched-case-control-study
#13
Jonathan G Stine, Jennifer Wang, Puja M Shah, Curtis K Argo, Nicolas Intagliata, Andre Uflacker, Stephen H Caldwell, Patrick G Northup
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhosis may lead to hepatic decompensation and increased mortality. We aimed to investigate if decreased portal vein (PV) velocity is associated with future PVT. METHODS: Data on adult patients with cirrhosis and PVT between January 1, 2005 and July 30, 2015 were obtained. Cases with PVT were matched by age, gender and Model for End stage Liver Disease (MELD) score to corresponding controls without PVT. Cox proportional hazards models, receiver operator curves and Kaplan Meier curves were constructed...
June 20, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632946/emerging-biomarkers-of-illness-severity-urinary-metabolites-associated-with-sepsis-and-necrotizing-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-pneumonia
#14
Lilliam Ambroggio, Todd A Florin, Samir S Shah, Richard Ruddy, Larisa Yeomans, Julie Trexel, Kathleen A Stringer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the potential of metabolomics to identify novel biomarkers of illness severity in a child with fatal necrotizing pneumonia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). DESIGN: Case report with two control groups and a metabolomics analysis. PATIENTS: An infant with fatal MRSA pneumonia, four children with influenza pneumonia (pneumonia control group), and seven healthy children with no known infections (healthy control group)...
June 20, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632331/the-validity-of-register-data-to-identify-children-with-atopic-dermatitis-asthma-or-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#15
Lone Graff Stensballe, Lotte Klansø, Andreas Jensen, Ann Haerskjold, Simon Francis Thomsen, Jacob Simonsen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of atopic dermatitis, wheezing, asthma and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis have been increasing. Register-based studies are essential for research in subpopulations with specific diseases, and facilitate epidemiological studies to identify causes and evaluate interventions. Algorithms have been developed to identify children with atopic dermatitis, asthma or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis using register information on disease-specific dispensed prescribed medication and hospital contacts, but the validity of the algorithms has not been evaluated...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632319/child-shyness-and-peer-likeability-the-moderating-role-of-pragmatics-and-vocabulary
#16
Hoi Shan Cheung, John M Elliott
The association between shyness and children's likeability by peers was examined, with pragmatic difficulty and receptive and expressive vocabularies as moderators. Participants were 164 preschoolers (72 boys, 92 girls) between 52 and 79 months old in Singapore. A cross-informant methodology was used, with peers and teachers contributing to separate peer likeability ratings. The findings highlighted a conceptual distinction between peer- and teacher-rated likeability by peers. For the latter only, a 3-way interaction involving shyness, vocabulary, and pragmatic difficulty was found, indicating that for shy children with low vocabulary scores, those who experienced less pragmatic difficulty tended to be seen by teachers as more well-liked by peers than those with more pragmatic difficulty...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631850/a-parent-infant-music-therapy-intervention-improved-neurodevelopment-after-neonatal-intensive-care
#17
Ellyn L Hamm, Olena D Chorna, Alicia Flanery, Nathalie L Maitre
Parental involvement is often essential to ensure that early intervention strategies that aim to improve the outcomes of former neonatal intensive care (NICU) patients are successful. However, hospitalisation can strain the caregiver-infant bond (1) and perception of the child's development. Structured music therapy programmes that focus on the progressive development of infant and caregiver dyads after hospital discharge have been associated with improvements in infants' social skills and positive parenting behaviours (2)...
June 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#18
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631138/college-student-attitudes-towards-smart-guns-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Lacey N Wallace, Kaylin C Dunn
Existing studies focusing on "smart" guns, weapons that can only be fired by an authorized user, have focused largely on overall views towards the topic. Little is known about how views differ within key demographics or why Americans feel positively or negatively towards smart guns. This study used data from a nationwide web survey of 520 college students to address these concerns. Multinomial regression was used to identify patterns of smart gun preference in quantitative data. Respondents' open-ended reasoning for their views was examined through common themes and descriptive statistics...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630558/the-child-s-right-to-protection-from-drugs-understanding-history-to-move-forward
#20
Damon Barrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
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