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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#1
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429962/predictors-of-restraint-use-among-child-occupants
#2
Marco Benedetti, Kathleen D Klinich, Miriam A Manary, Carol A Flannagan
OBJECTIVES: Identify factors that predict restraint use and optimal restraint use among children aged 0 to 13 years. METHODS: The dataset is a national sample of police-reported crashes for years 2010-2014 in which type of child restraint is recorded. The dataset was supplemented with demographic census data linked by driver zip code, as well as a score for the state child restraint law during the year of the crash relative to best practice recommendations for protecting child occupants...
April 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429614/are-mothers-protective-attachment-strategies-related-to-their-children-s-strategies
#3
Patricia M Crittenden, Katrina Robson, Alison Tooby, Charles Fleming
AIMS: We explored the relation between mothers' protective attachment strategies and those of their school-age children. METHODS: In total, 49 child-mother dyads participated in a short longitudinal study when the children were 5.5 and 6.0 years old. Their strategies were first assessed with the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and then with the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA). Mothers were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) was used to classify the assessments...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#4
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426649/the-importance-of-appropriate-initial-bacterial-colonization-of-the-intestine-in-newborn-child-and-adult-health
#5
REVIEW
W Allan Walker
The fetus does not reside in a sterile intrauterine environment and is exposed to commensal bacteria from the maternal gut/blood stream which crosses the placenta and enters the amniotic fluid. This intestinal exposure to colonizing bacteria continues at birth and during the first year of life and has a profound influence on lifelong health. Why is this important? Intestinal crosstalk with colonizing bacteria in the developing intestine affects the infant's adaptation to extrauterine life (immune homeostasis) and provides protection against disease expression (allergy, autoimmune disease, obesity, etc...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426294/the-interface-among-poverty-air-mattress-industry-trends-policy-and-infant-safety
#6
Jennifer J Doering, Trina C Salm Ward
Infants can suffocate on air mattresses, even when the mattress is fully inflated. The interfacing issues of poverty, the bedbug epidemic, and changes in the design and marketing of air mattresses may be increasing consumer use of air mattresses as primary sleep environments and thus increasing the potential for infant death. Despite recent changes to improve air mattress safety labeling, the National Child Death Review Case Reporting System found that between 2004 and 2015 across 24 states, an air mattress was the incident sleep place for 108 infants whose deaths were either during sleep or in a sleep environment...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425202/examining-solutions-to-missing-data-in-longitudinal-nursing-research
#7
Mary B Roberts, Mary C Sullivan, Suzy B Winchester
PURPOSE: Longitudinal studies are highly valuable in pediatrics because they provide useful data about developmental patterns of child health and behavior over time. When data are missing, the value of the research is impacted. The study's purpose was to (1) introduce a three-step approach to assess and address missing data and (2) illustrate this approach using categorical and continuous-level variables from a longitudinal study of premature infants. METHODS: A three-step approach with simulations was followed to assess the amount and pattern of missing data and to determine the most appropriate imputation method for the missing data...
April 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423755/why-are-children-s-interests-invisible-in-european-national-e-health-strategies
#8
Michael J Rigby, Grit Kühne, Azeem Majeed, Mitch E Blair
Harnessing the power of IT solutions in child primary care requires strategic thought at national level, and good health care delivery needs this support. The aim of this study was to investigate whether children's needs are considered in national e-health strategies in Europe. In 2016, a survey was carried out in all 28 European Member States plus 2 European Economic Area countries. Sixteen countries fail to mention children's needs at all. Only eleven of 27 countries mention children and adolescents in their national e-health strategy documents ranging from mere data protection concerns to comprehensive IT approaches for the improvement of child primary care...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421608/can-functional-emotion-regulation-protect-children-s-mental-health-from-war-trauma-a-palestinian-study
#9
Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen, Samir R Qouta, Esa Palosaari, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Effective emotion regulation (ER) is expected to protect mental health in traumatic stress. We first analysed the protective (moderator) function of different ER strategies and the associations between ER and mental health. Second, we tested gender differences in the protective function of ER and the associations between ER strategies and mental health. Participants were 482 Palestinian children (girls 49.4%; 10-13 years, M = 11.29, SD = .68) whose ER was assessed by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and mental health by post-traumatic stress (Children's Impact Event Scale), depressive, and psychological distress (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) symptoms, and by psychosocial well-being (Mental Health Continuum-Short Form)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421024/family-and-individual-risk-and-protective-factors-of-depression-among-chinese-migrant-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms
#10
Xu Liu, Xiuyun Lin, Qing Zhou, Nan Zhou, Yanbin Li, Danhua Lin
Migrant children reached 35.81 million in China and were vulnerable to serious emotional problems including depression. The present study aimed to identify the family and individual risk and protective factors for depression in an at-risk sample of Chinese migrant children. Participants were 368 children (9.47 ± 1.46 years old, 73.4% boys) who had at least one symptom of Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms (ODD) and their parents in Mainland China. Risk and protective factors within both family (i.e., family maltreatment and family functioning) and individual (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419887/unpacking-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-mental-health
#11
Melissa T Merrick, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Tracie O Afifi, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationship between an expanded ACE score that includes being spanked as a child and adult mental health outcomes by examining each ACE separately to determine the contribution of each ACE...
April 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419671/pediatric-oral-injuries-presented-to-a-japanese-pediatric-emergency-room
#12
Nobuaki Inoue
BACKGROUND: Oral injuries are common among children, but the study comparing oral injuries between oral injuries with foreign objects in children's mouth and without objects is limited. The aim of this study is to compare injury patterns and their effects to children who presented to a Japanese pediatric emergency room (ER) with and without foreign objects in their mouth. METHODS: Children who were brought to the emergency room in Tokyo Metropolitan Medical Center for oral injuries from January 1(st) , 2011 to December 31(st) , 2012, were included...
April 17, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419538/receiving-early-information-and-trusting-swedish-child-health-centre-nurses-increased-parents-willingness-to-vaccinate-against-rotavirus-infections
#13
Lina Schollin Ask, Anders Hjern, Ann Lindstrand, Ola Olen, Eva Sjögren, Margareta Blennow, Åke Örtqvist
AIM: Rotavirus vaccines are effective against severe infections, but have a modest impact on mortality in high-income countries. Parental knowledge and attitudes towards vaccines are crucial for high vaccination coverage. This study aimed to identify why parents refused to let their infant have the vaccination or were unsure. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on 1,063 questionnaires completed by the parents of newborn children in 2014. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify the main predictors...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#14
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418415/-role-of-the-oral-care-provider-to-call-attention-to-child-abuse
#15
R J M Gruythuysen, J M Wiggelendam
The focus on child abuse has increased in recent years. In 2015, the Royal Dutch Association of Dentists (KNMT) revised the Sign Code 'child abuse and domestic violence'. The core of the Sign Code is formed by the compulsory 5-step action plan for the signalling of, among other things, (a suspicion of) child abuse that must be followed. Dealing professionally with child abuse places high demands on the knowledge and communication skills of the health care provider. If the demands are met, the health care provider is by law adequately protected against complaints...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417252/effects-of-parental-monitoring-and-knowledge-on-substance-use-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-results-from-three-studies
#16
Brian Mustanski, Gregory Swann, Michael E Newcomb, Nikhil Prachand
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS and have elevated rates of substance use. Parenting practices, such as knowledge of child whereabouts and monitoring of behavioral rules, protect against these outcomes among heterosexual youth. This article examined the relationship between these parenting practices and substance use and HIV risk behaviors among YMSM. Data are reported from three similar studies of YMSM: ChiGuys (ages 14-18), Crew 450 (ages 16-22), and RADAR (ages 16-29)...
April 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414738/barriers-and-facilitators-for-men-to-attend-prenatal-care-and-obtain-hiv-voluntary-counseling-and-testing-in-brazil
#17
Nava Yeganeh, Mariana Simon, Deborah Mindry, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Cristina Chaves, Breno Santos, Marineide Melo, Brenna Mendoza, Pamina Gorbach
BACKGROUND: Providing HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) to men who attend their partner's prenatal care is an intervention with potential to reduce HIV transmission to women and infants during the vulnerable period of pregnancy. Little is known about the acceptability of this intervention in global settings outside of Africa. METHODS: We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews to evaluate potential barriers and facilitators to prenatal care attendance for HIV VCT with 20 men who did and 15 men who did not attend prenatal care with their partners at Hospital Conceiçao in Porto Alegre, Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413921/preventing-the-onset-of-child-sexual-abuse-by-targeting-young-adolescents-with-universal-prevention-programming
#18
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Cindy M Schaeffer, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth A Feder
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem that increases risk for physical and mental health problems across the life course. Young adolescents are responsible for a substantial portion of CSA offending, yet to our knowledge, no validated prevention programs that target CSA perpetration by youth exist. Most existing efforts to address CSA rely on reactive criminal justice policies or programs that teach children to protect themselves; neither approach is well validated. Given the high rates of desistance from sexual offending following a youth's first CSA-related adjudication, it seems plausible that many youth could be prevented from engaging in their first offense...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#19
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409557/randomised-controlled-trial-of-silk-therapeutic-garments-for-the-management-of-atopic-eczema-in-children-the-clothes-trial
#20
Kim S Thomas, Lucy E Bradshaw, Tracey H Sach, Fiona Cowdell, Jonathan M Batchelor, Sandra Lawton, Eleanor F Harrison, Rachel H Haines, Amina Ahmed, Taraneh Dean, Nigel P Burrows, Ian Pollock, Hannah K Buckley, Hywel C Williams, Joanne Llewellyn, Clare Crang, Jane D Grundy, Juliet Guiness, Andrew Gribbin, Eileen V Wake, Eleanor J Mitchell, Sara J Brown, Alan A Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a chronic, itchy, inflammatory skin condition that affects the quality of life of children and their families. The role of specialist clothing in the management of AE is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of silk garments for the management of AE in children with moderate to severe disease. DESIGN: Parallel-group, observer-blind, randomised controlled trial of 6 months' duration, followed by a 2-month observational period...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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