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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537851/family-characteristics-and-structure-as-determinants-of-sexual-abuse-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria-a-brief-report
#1
Chigozirim Nlewem, Olukemi K Amodu
Child sexual abuse is associated with factors that enhance the vulnerability of the child, raising physical and mental health complications in adulthood. Three hundred and fifty students participated in this cross-sectional study. Important determinants of sexual abuse were parents not living together, not living with parents, family type, and current parents' marital status (p < 0.05). Respondents living with both parents were two times less likely to experience sexual abuse (OR = 0.5, CI: 0.3, 0.9) than respondents living with their guardians...
May 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534841/is-neighborhood-green-space-protective-against-associations-between-child-asthma-neighborhood-traffic-volume-and-perceived-lack-of-area-safety-multilevel-analysis-of-4447-australian-children
#2
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
Heavy traffic is a source of air pollution and a safety concern with important public health implications. We investigated whether green space lowers child asthma risk by buffering the effects of heavy traffic and a lack of neighborhood safety. Multilevel models were used to analyze affirmative asthma cases in nationally representative cross-sectional data from 4447 children aged 6-7 years old in Australia. Case-finding was based upon a triangulation of affirmative responses to three questions on doctor-diagnosed asthma, asthma-related medications and illness with wheezing lasting for at least 1 week within the 12 months prior...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534715/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-related-to-child-safety-restraint-in-citizens-of-shenzhen-municipality-china-and-the-associations-between-these-factors
#3
Shengyuan Liu, Haibin Zhou, Jianping Ma, Changyi Wang, Zhongwei Chen, Sihan Chen, Yingzhou Yang, Xiaoli Liu, Ji Peng, Leilei Duan, Xiao Deng
Objective-A child safety restraint (CSR) is an effective measure to reduce the risk of child injury from traffic collisions. This study aims to explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding CSR in a Chinese population. Methods-A cross-sectional survey regarding CSR use was conducted from April to May 2014 in Shenzhen Municipality. Respondents were parents who had at least one child 0 to 6 years of age and simultaneously owned a car. These parents provided a self-report of demographic characteristics as well as information about their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors toward CSR use...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532515/what-do-we-know-about-assessing-healthcare-students-and-professionals-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Lale Say, Christina Pallitto
INTRODUCTION: Improving healthcare providers' capacities of prevention and treatment of female genital mutilation (FGM) is important given the fact that 200 million women and girls globally are living with FGM. However, training programs are lacking and often not evaluated. Validated and standardized tools to assess providers' knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) regarding FGM are lacking. Therefore, little evidence exists on the impact of training efforts on healthcare providers' KAP on FGM...
May 22, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528172/cannabis-and-pregnancy-maternal-child-health-implications-during-a-period-of-drug-policy-liberalization
#5
Katrina Mark, Mishka Terplan
Cannabis use is common and increasing among women in the United States. State policies are changing with a movement towards decriminalization and legalization. We explore the implications of cannabis liberalization for maternal and child health. Most women who use cannabis quit or cut back during pregnancy. Although women are concerned about the possible health effects of cannabis, providers do a poor job of counseling. There is a theoretical potential for cannabis to interfere with neurodevelopment, however human data have not identified any long-term or long lasting meaningful differences between children exposed in utero to cannabis and those not...
May 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524230/the-etiology-of-autistic-traits-in-preschoolers-a-population-based-twin-study
#6
Eveline L de Zeeuw, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Rosa A Hoekstra, Meike Bartels, Dorret I Boomsma
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are highly heritable, but the exact etiological mechanisms underlying the condition are still unclear. METHODS: Using a multiple rater twin design in a large sample of general population preschool twins, this study aimed to (a) estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to autistic traits, controlling for the possible effects of rater bias, (b) to explore possible sex differences in etiology and (c) to investigate the discordance in autistic traits in monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twin pairs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523887/parent-and-child-characteristics-associated-with-child-sunburn-and-sun-protection-among-u-s-hispanics
#7
Ashley K Day, Jerod L Stapleton, Ana M Natale-Pereira, James S Goydos, Elliot J Coups
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Skin cancer incidence has been increasing in U.S. Hispanics over several decades and the postdiagnosis outcomes are worse for Hispanics than for non-Hispanic whites. Parents are influential in children's health preventive behaviors, but little is known about parental factors associated with children's skin cancer-related behaviors in the U.S. Hispanic population. The present study examined parental and child correlates of skin cancer-related behaviors (sunburns, sunbathing, sun-protective clothing use, and sunscreen use) of children of Hispanic parents...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523647/computational-investigation-of-growth-hormone-receptor-trp169arg-heterozygous-mutation-in-a-child-with-short-stature
#8
William Farias Porto, Felipe Albuquerque Marques, Huri Brito Pogue, Maria Teresinha de Oliveira Cardoso, Maria Gabriela Rodrigues do Vale, Állan da Silva Pires, Octavio Luiz Franco, Sérgio Amorim de Alencar, Robert Pogue
Mutations in the growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene can cause disruption of the growth hormone signaling pathway, resulting in growth deficiency due to growth hormone (GH) resistance. Both recessive and apparently dominant mutations have been described in the literature. In order to shed some light on the molecular mechanism of partial growth hormone resistance caused by heterozygous mutations we performed an in-depth in silico analysis of a mutation found in a girl with a previous diagnosis of idiopathic short stature...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#9
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#10
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520880/children-s-health-in-europe-challenges-for-the-next-decades
#11
Lennart Köhler
These reflections from a Child Public Health perspective underline the dramatic changes in children's conditions in Europe over this last century, including a considerable improvement in health. However, we still face problems, disturbing facts and alarming signs. There are important gaps in our knowledge about essential areas of children's health panorama and about particularly vulnerable sub-groups of children, which are less healthy, less well cared for and not enjoying the good conditions of life. We also see an evident lack of the child's perspective, implying acknowledgement and action on the views of the children themselves...
May 18, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516500/healthcare-utilisation-induced-labour-and-caesarean-section-in-the-pregnancy-after-stillbirth-a-prospective-study
#12
Ida Kathrine Gravensteen, Eva-Marie Jacobsen, Per Morten Sandset, Linda Björk Helgadottir, Ingela Rådestad, Leiv Sandvik, Øivind Ekeberg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate healthcare utilisation, induced labour and caesarean section (CS) in the pregnancy after stillbirth and assess anxiety and dread of childbirth as mediators for these outcomes. DESIGN: Population-based pregnancy cohort study. SETTING: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. SAMPLE: 901 pregnant women; 174 pregnant after stillbirth, 362 pregnant after live birth and 365 previously nulliparous...
May 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516128/parental-experiences-of-raising-a-child-with-medium-chain-acyl-coa-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#13
Hilary Piercy, Katarzyna Machaczek, Parveen Ali, Sufin Yap
Newborn screening enabling early diagnosis of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) has dramatically improved health outcomes in children with MCADD. Achieving those outcomes depends on effective management by parents. Understanding parental management strategies and associated anxieties and concerns is needed to inform provision of appropriate care and support. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of parents of children aged 2 to 12 years. Thematic analysis identified two main themes...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#14
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514530/curious-thoughtful-and-affirmative-young-children-s-meanings-of-participation-in-healthcare-situations-when-using-an-interactive-communication-tool
#15
Anna Stålberg, Anette Sandberg, Thomas Larsson, Imelda Coyne, Maja Söderbäck
AIM: to describe young children's demonstrated participation in healthcare situations while using an interactive communication tool. BACKGROUND: participation is a multidimensional concept influenced by situational and contextual issues. In child participation, verbal and non-verbal communicative expressions are of interest, as both demonstrate the child's perspective. Children have a right to participate in all situations that matter to them, for instance healthcare situations...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514143/community-level-sanitation-coverage-is-more-strongly-associated-with-child-growth-and-household-drinking-water-quality-than-access-to-a-private-toilet-in-rural-mali
#16
Michael Harris, Maria Laura Alzua, Nicolas Osbert, Amy J Pickering
Sanitation access can provide positive externalities; for example, safe disposal of feces by one household prevents disease transmission to households nearby. However, little empirical evidence exists to characterize the potential health benefits from sanitation externalities. This study investigated the effect of community sanitation coverage versus individual household sanitation access on child health and drinking water quality. Using a census of 121 villages in rural Mali, we analyzed the association of community latrine coverage (defined by a 200-meter radius surrounding a household) and individual household latrine ownership with child growth and household stored water quality...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513263/mortality-benefits-of-vitamin-a-are-not-affected-by-varying-frequency-total-dose-or-duration-of-supplementation
#17
Sarah Kranz, Laura Pimpin, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Patrick Webb, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin A supplementation reduces child mortality, it remains unclear whether dosing frequency, total dose, or duration modifies effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether mortality effects of vitamin A vary by dosing frequency, total dose, or duration. METHODS: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, identified by systematic review and expert opinion, utilizing relatively standard World Health Organization doses in children <5 years...
June 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#18
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510997/impact-of-m-health-application-used-by-community-health-volunteers-on-improving-utilization-of-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-care-services-in-a-rural-area-of-uttar-pradesh-india
#19
Shankar Prinja, Ruby Nimesh, Aditi Gupta, Pankaj Bahuguna, Madhu Gupta, Jarnail Singh Thakur
OBJECTIVE: To raise the quality of counselling by community health volunteers resulting in improved uptake of maternal, neonatal and child health services (MNCH), an m-health application was introduced under a project named 'Reducing Maternal and Newborn Deaths (ReMiND)' in district Kaushambi in India. We report the impact of this project on coverage of key MNCH services. METHODS: A pre and post quasi-experimental design was undertaken to assess the impact of intervention...
May 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510345/use-of-mandarin-parents-evaluation-of-developmental-status-in-the-detection-of-delays
#20
Teck-Hock Toh, Boon-Chuan Lim, Mohamad Adam Bin Bujang, Jamaiyah Haniff, See-Chang Wong, Muhamad Rais Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: We examined the parental perception and accuracy of Mandarin translated Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status, a screening questionnaire for parents' concerns on their child's various developmental skills. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated into Mandarin. Upon enrollment, caregivers completed the Mandarin PEDS and answered four questions about its acceptability and usefulness, and its ease of understanding and completing. The Mandarin PEDS were independently evaluated by a pediatrician and a community nurse, and classified as 'high' risk (> 2 predictive concerns), 'medium' risk (1 predictive concern), 'low' risk (any non-predictive concerns) or 'no' risk (if no concern) for developmental delays...
May 16, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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