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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630734/open-treatment-of-dysplasia-other-than-pao-does-it-have-to-be-a-pao
#1
REVIEW
Kotaro R Shibata, Shuichi Matsuda, Marc R Safran
Hip dysplasia is a developmental disorder that results in anatomic abnormalities in which the acetabular coverage is insufficient. In the absence of severe degenerative changes, younger active patients with these symptomatic structural abnormalities are increasingly managed with joint-preserving operations. Historically there have been numerous reconstructive pelvic osteotomies. In recent years, the Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) has become the preferred osteotomy by many surgeons. Even so, as our understanding of the hip advances and new diagnostic and treatment techniques are developed, we sought to put a focus on the long-term results of augmental osteotomies and pelvic osteotomies other than the PAO, to see if any of these surgeries still have a place in the current algorithm of treatment for the dysplastic hip...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630725/endoscopic-repair-of-hip-abductor-tears-outcomes-with-two-year-follow-up
#2
J W Thomas Byrd, Kay S Jones
Abductor lesions are increasingly recognized as a source of recalcitrant laterally based hip pain and dysfunction. There is a growing body of evidence that many of these may be amenable to endoscopic repair. To report the demographic data and outcomes of endoscopic hip abductor repair. Twelve patients underwent endoscopic abductor repair with 2-year follow-up. These patients were prospectively assessed with modified Harris hip and iHOT scores. The indications for surgery were clinical and MRI findings of symptomatic abductor tears that had failed conservative treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629944/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-dislocation-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-multicenter-case-control-study-of-128-unstable-and-438-stable-hips
#3
M H Fessy, S Putman, A Viste, R Isida, N Ramdane, A Ferreira, A Leglise, B Rubens-Duval, N Bonin, F Bonnomet, A Combes, S Boisgard, D Mainard, S Leclercq, H Migaud
INTRODUCTION: Dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a leading reason for surgical revision. The risk factors for dislocation are controversial, particularly those related to the patient and to the surgical procedure itself. The differences in opinion on the impact of these factors stem from the fact they are often evaluated using retrospective studies or in limited patient populations. This led us to carry out a prospective case-control study on a large population to determine: 1) the risk factors for dislocation after THA, 2) the features of these dislocations, and 3) the contribution of patient-related factors and surgery-related factors...
June 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628519/comparative-efficacy-of-lifestyle-intervention-strategies-on-weight-outcomes-in-people-with-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-protocol
#4
Doreen W Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Mark McEvoy, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE:: (i) To systematically review and rank the efficacy of different types of lifestyle intervention strategies on weight outcomes (weight, body mass index [BMI], waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio) in people with psychosis. (The efficacy of different types of lifestyle intervention strategies will be ranked by comparing the effect size on weight outcomes in people with psychotic disorders.) (ii) To stratify lifestyle interventions that target weight outcomes (weight, BMI, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio) in people with psychosis, according to their inclusion of dietary information that adheres with Australian Dietary Guidelines (National Health and Medical Research Council...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626166/efficacy-of-denosumab-for-osteoporosis-in-three-female-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#5
Masashi Uehara, Yukio Nakamura, Jun Takahashi, Mikio Kamimura, Shota Ikegami, Takako Suzuki, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Tomomi Yamaguchi, Tomoki Kosho, Hiroyuki Kato
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited bone disorder that causes fractures due to impaired production of collagen type I. In recent years, denosumab, a human monoclonal antibody against receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), has become widely used as an anti-osteoclastic agent for osteoporosis. This study investigated osteoporotic cases of OI to examine effects of denosumab on bone fragility. This was a retrospective, consecutive case series that included 3 female patients aged 42, 40, and 14 years, respectively...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616051/omega-3-supplementation-effects-on-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-symptoms-and-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Behnaz Khani, Farahnaz Mardanian, Sajadeh Jafari Fesharaki
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common female endocrine disorder with unknown etiology and with different complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of omega-3 supplementation on PCOS symptoms and metabolic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This double-blind clinical trial was performed in 2015 in Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospitals, Isfahan, Iran, on 88 patients with PCOS. Intervention group took omega-3 supplements with dose of 2 g/day for 6 months (two capsules), but control group received two olive oil capsules...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611959/measuring-the-impact-of-femoral-head-size-on-dislocation-rates-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Min-Wook Kim, Young-Yool Chung, Ji-Won Lee, Chel-Hwan Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the femoral head's size has an impact on dislocation rates following total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundreds forty-three THA performed using a posterolateral approach in our hospital and followed up more than 6 months were included in this study. We evaluated dislocation rates based on the size of femoral head (28 mm vs. over 32 mm) and further investigated the dislocation rates classified into primary and revision surgery...
June 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603900/mitochondrial-point-mutation-m-3243a%C3%A2-%C3%A2-g-associates-with-lower-bone-mineral-density-thinner-cortices-and-reduced-bone-strength-a-case-control-study
#8
Jakob Høgild Langdahl, Anja Lisbeth Frederiksen, Stinus Jørn Hansen, Per Heden Andersen, Knud Bonnet Yderstraede, Morten Dunø, John Vissing, Morten Frost
Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with several clinical manifestations including diabetes, neurological disorders, renal and hepatic diseases and myopathy. While mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with increased bone resorption and decreased bone formation in mouse models, effects of alterations in mitochondrial function on bone remodelling and mass have not been investigated in humans. We recruited 45 carriers (29 females, 16 males) with the m.3243A > G mutation and healthy controls matched for gender, age, height and menopausal status...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595800/treatment-strategy-for-amyloid-hip-arthropathy-in-long-term-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Shigeo Fukunishi, Shoji Nishio, Yu Takeda, Tomokazu Fukui, Yuki Fujihara, Shohei Okahisa, Shinichi Yoshiya
BACKGROUND: The number of hemodialysis patients has been progressively increasing in our country. On the other hand, chronic hip arthropathy associated with long-term hemodialysis is a devastating problems affecting patients' quality of life. In our previous study, we proposed a classification system for radiological abnormalities seen in hemodialysis-related hip lesions. The purpose of the study was to propose the surgical strategy for hip disorders caused by long-term hemodialysis. METHODS: Patients with a history of hemodialysis for more than 10 years, 191 hip lesions in 165 consecutive patients who visited our institute due to hip symptoms...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589778/relationship-between-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-anthropometric-indices-among-bus-drivers-in-zahedan-city
#10
Fereydoon Laal, Rohollah Fallah Madvari, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Elahe Dortaj, Abdolali Khammar, Hossein Ali Adineh
INTRODUCTION: Most of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are associated with improper postures and poorly designed workstations. This study is an attempt to examine the prevalence and severity of MSDs as well as anthropometric dimensions among city bus drivers. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 60 male bus drivers. Body discomfort chart (BDC) was used to evaluate MSDs. Spearman correlation was employed to examine the relationship between the body size and severity of discomfort...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587101/therapeutic-applications-of-rose-hips-from-different-rosa-species
#11
REVIEW
Inés Mármol, Cristina Sánchez-de-Diego, Nerea Jiménez-Moreno, Carmen Ancín-Azpilicueta, María Jesús Rodríguez-Yoldi
Rosa species, rose hips, are widespread wild plants that have been traditionally used as medicinal compounds for the treatment of a wide variety of diseases. The therapeutic potential of these plants is based on its antioxidant effects caused by or associated with its phytochemical composition, which includes ascorbic acid, phenolic compounds and healthy fatty acids among others. Over the last few years, medicinal interest in rose hips has increased as a consequence of recent research that has studied its potential application as a treatment for several diseases including skin disorders, hepatotoxicity, renal disturbances, diarrhoea, inflammatory disorders, arthritis, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and cancer...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580511/effect-of-recent-spinal-cord-injury-on-the-opg-rankl-system-and-its-relationship-with-bone-loss-and-the-response-to-denosumab-therapy
#12
L Gifre, S Ruiz-Gaspà, J L Carrasco, E Portell, J Vidal, A Muxi, A Monegal, N Guañabens, P Peris
There is marked bone loss after spinal cord injury (SCI); however, its pathogenesis and clinical management remain unclear. The increased circulating levels of receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand (RANKL) associated with bone loss shortly after SCI and the prevention of bone loss with denosumab treatment suggest a contributory role of RANKL in SCI-induced osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Bone turnover and bone loss are markedly increased shortly after SCI. However, the pathogenesis and clinical management of this process remain unclear, especially the role of the osteoprotegerin (OPG)/RANKL system in this disorder...
June 4, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580401/transient-osteoporosis-not-just-the-hip-to-worry-about
#13
Nicola Berman, Howard Brent, Gregory Chang, Stephen Honig
Transient osteoporosis (TO) is a clinical syndrome characterized by joint pain and the presence of bone marrow edema on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), both of which spontaneously resolve over time. Transient osteoporosis most commonly affects the hip, but also may involve other lower extremity sites. TO likely represents a disorder that may be monoarticular or "migratory" with involvement of two or more lower extremity sites sequentially affected over a number of months. We report on two cases of transient osteoporosis, one involving the knee and one involving the hip, demonstrating the utility of serial bone mineral density measurements at both sites...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578098/hip-spine-syndrome-a-cadaveric-analysis-between-osteoarthritis-of-the-lumbar-spine-and-hip-joints
#14
Douglas S Weinberg, Jeremy J Gebhart, Raymond W Liu
BACKGROUND: Authors have recently proposed the concept of "hip-spine syndrome," however there exists limited evidence available to differentiate whether these concomitant arthritides are due to anatomic/structural causes, or systemic/metabolic effects. Exploring this relationship has important implications during the evaluation and treatment of both spine and hip disorders-a common clinical presentation of many patients. The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the individual contribution of hip arthritis towards the development of spine arthritis, with knee arthritis also being analyzed as a negative(systemic) control...
May 31, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574119/imaging-of-impingement-syndromes-around-the-hip-joint
#15
Evangelia E Vassalou, Aristeidis H Zibis, Michail E Klontzas, Apostolos H Karantanas
Impingement syndromes are increasingly recognised as significant causes of hip pain and dysfunction. A broad spectrum of intraarticular and extraarticular conditions has been implicated in their pathophysiology. Physical examination is often inconclusive as clinical findings may be unclear or misleading, often simulating other disorders. With current improvements in imaging techniques and better understanding of hip impingement related pathomechanisms, these entities can be accurately diagnosed. In addition, preoperative imaging has allowed for targeted treatment planning...
May 29, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565766/a-recurrent-mutation-in-bone-morphogenetic-proteins-2-inducible-kinase-gene-is-associated-with-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip
#16
Lihua Zhao, Zaiwei Zhou, Sun Wang, Qing Jiao, Jing Wu, Feng Ma, Lingyan Fan, Mengjie Chen, Hao Ying
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a complex disorder of the hip joint affecting 1-5‰ of newborns. While genetic influence on DDH has been long known, DDH has not been ascribed to any specific genetic event. The present study reported on variants contributing to DDH susceptibility in a family with four individuals affected across three generations. Whole-exome sequencing was performed in three affected and two unaffected individuals of a pedigree with DDH. Candidate variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing and then validated in available family members and 37 sporadic DDH patients...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560139/arthroscopic-decompression-of-a-type-iii-subspine-impingement
#17
Víctor M Ilizaliturri, Rubén Arriaga Sánchez, Carlos Suarez-Ahedo
Extra-articular hip impingement refers to a variety of hip disorders causing pain and limited function in young, non-arthritic patients. Recently, there has been an increased focus on analyzing the degree of anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) dysmorphism and its correlation with subspine impingement (SSI), defined as abutment between a prominent distal aspect of the AIIS and the anterior aspect of the femoral head-neck junction. Arthroscopic decompression of the AIIS is recognized as an effective treatment for SSI...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560045/correlation-of-neuter-status-and-expression-of-heritable-disorders
#18
Janelle M Belanger, Thomas P Bellumori, Danika L Bannasch, Thomas R Famula, Anita M Oberbauer
BACKGROUND: Gonadectomy, or neutering, is a very common surgery for dogs having many positive effects on behavior, health, and longevity. There are also certain risks associated with neutering including the development of orthopedic conditions, cognitive decline, and a predisposition to some neoplasias. This study was designed specifically to identify if a correlation exists between neuter status and inherited conditions in a large aggregate cohort of dogs representing many different breeds...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550971/case-report-a-10-years-follow-up-of-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-osteopetrosis
#19
Zhan-Feng Zhang, Dan Wang, Li-Dong Wu, Xue-Song Dai
Osteopetrosis is an inherited disorder characterized by increased bone density and brittle bone quality. Degenerative changes often occur after the age of 40 in patients with osteopetrosis. Operative intervention is the primary treatment option if the clinical manifestation of secondary osteoarthritis is severe. A 44-year-old male suffering autosomal dominant osteopetrosis and progressive unilateral hip osteoarthritis required a total hip arthroplasty. However, there were several technical challenges associated with this procedure including creating a femoral medullary canal and developing a Vancouver type B2 periprosthetic femoral fracture postoperatively...
May 10, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545554/whipple-s-disease-mimicking-rheumatoid-arthritis-can-cause-misdiagnosis-and-treatment-failure
#20
Cornelia Glaser, Siegbert Rieg, Thorsten Wiech, Christine Scholz, Dominique Endres, Oliver Stich, Peter Hasselblatt, Walter Geißdörfer, Christian Bogdan, Annerose Serr, Georg Häcker, Reinhard E Voll, Jens Thiel, Nils Venhoff
BACKGROUND: Whipple's disease, a rare chronic infectious disorder caused by Tropheryma whipplei, may present with predominant joint manifestations mimicking rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A retrospective single-center cohort study of seven patients was performed. Clinical symptoms were assessed by review of medical charts and Whipple's disease was diagnosed by periodic-acid-Schiff-stain and/or Tropheryma whipplei-specific polymerase-chain-reaction. RESULTS: Median age at disease onset was 54 years, six patients were male...
May 25, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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