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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088646/bone-microarchitecture-in-adolescent-boys-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Ann M Neumeyer, Natalia Cano Sokoloff, Erin McDonnell, Eric A Macklin, Christopher J McDougle, Madhusmita Misra
BACKGROUND: Boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have lower areal bone mineral density (aBMD) than typically developing controls (TDC). Studies of volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone microarchitecture provide information about fracture risk beyond that provided by aBMD but are currently lacking in ASD. OBJECTIVES: To assess ultradistal radius and distal tibia vBMD, bone microarchitecture and strength estimates in adolescent boys with ASD compared to TDC. DESIGN/METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 34 boys (16 ASD, 18 TDC) that assessed (i) aBMD at the whole body (WB), WB less head (WBLH), hip and spine using dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), (ii) vBMD and bone microarchitecture at the ultradistal radius and distal tibia using high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HRpQCT), and (iii) bone strength estimates (stiffness and failure load) using micro-finite element analysis (FEA)...
January 11, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073139/-influence-of-comorbidities-on-revision-rate-within-the-first-year-after-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Roman Nesslage, Kerstin Radtke, Lisa Hohloch, Thilo Flörkemeier, Henning Windhagen, Gabriela von Lewinski
: Background Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is very frequently performed. Despite low complication rates, revisions play an important clinical and economical role. The aim of this study was to identify comorbid diseases of patients undergoing primary THA and their potential influence on the survival of hip replacements. Patients/Material and Methods A total of 867 patients were included in this retrospective study. All revisions were reviewed that took place at our hospital within one year of primary implantation of THA...
January 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070457/the-concurrent-validity-and-reliability-of-the-leg-motion-system-for-measuring-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-in-older-adults
#3
Carlos Romero Morales, César Calvo Lobo, David Rodríguez Sanz, Irene Sanz Corbalán, Beatriz Ruiz Ruiz, Daniel López López
BACKGROUND: New reliable devices for range of motion (ROM) measures in older adults are necessary to improve knowledge about the functional capability in this population. Dorsiflexion ROM limitation is associated with ankle injuries, foot pain, lower limb disorders, loss of balance, gait control disorders and fall risk in older adults. The aim of the present study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Leg Motion device for measuring ankle dorsiflexion ROM in older adults. METHODS: Adescriptive repeated-measures study was designed to test the reliability of Leg Motion in thirty-three healthy elderly patients older than 65 years...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066748/the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-to-augment-conservative-and-surgical-treatment-of-hip-and-pelvic-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Tigran Garabekyan, Omer Mei-Dan
BACKGROUND: In recent years, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has gained popularity within the orthopaedic community as a treatment modality to enhance tissue healing. PURPOSE: This review aims to concisely present the current indications for PRP injections in the treatment of hip and pelvic pathologies and to describe some novel applications for PRP which have not yet been reported in the literature. METHODS: We reviewed the literature on the non-operative and operative indications for PRP in the treatment of hip and pelvic pathologies...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066745/deep-gluteal-space-problems-piriformis-syndrome-ischiofemoral-impingement-and-sciatic-nerve-release
#5
Luis Perez Carro, Moises Fernandez Hernando, Luis Cerezal, Ivan Saenz Navarro, Ana Alfonso Fernandez, Alexander Ortiz Castillo
BACKGROUND: Deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is an underdiagnosed entity characterized by pain and/or dysesthesias in the buttock area, hip or posterior thigh and/or radicular pain due to a non-discogenic sciatic nerve entrapment in the subgluteal space. Multiple pathologies have been incorporated in this all-included "piriformis syndrome", a term that has nothing to do with the presence of fibrous bands, obturator internus/gemellus syndrome, quadratus femoris/ischiofemoral pathology, hamstring conditions, gluteal disorders and orthopedic causes...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066739/hip-instability-a-review-of-hip-dysplasia-and-other-contributing-factors
#6
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Tigran Garabekyan, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Omer Mei-Dan
BACKGROUND: Hip instability has classically been associated with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in newborns and children. However, numerous factors may contribute to hip instability in children, adolescents, and adults. PURPOSE: This review aims to concisely present the literature on hip instability in patients of all ages in order to guide health care professionals in the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of the various disorders which may contribute to an unstable hip...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066738/ligamentum-teres-tendinopathy-and-tears
#7
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Tigran Garabekyan, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Omer Mei-Dan
BACKGROUND: The ligamentum teres (LT) consists of two bands that originate on the ischial and pubic sides of the acetabular notch and insert on the fovea capitis of the femoral head. Recent studies have established the LT as an important hip stabilizer in a squatting position, particularly in patients with osseous instability. PURPOSE: This review aims to concisely present the literature on LT tendinopathy and tears in order to guide health care professionals in the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of these disorders...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066733/viscosupplementation-with-intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-for-hip-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Eleonora Piccirilli, Francesco Oliva, Mihaela Aconstantinesei Murè, Asmaa Mahmoud, Calogero Foti, Umberto Tarantino, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Hip joint diseases are common in adult population and their prevalence increases with age. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and femoroacetabular impingement are the most common chronic diseases in the hip joint. Viscosupplementation with exogenous hyaluronic acid (HA) is one of the most widely used conservative treatment aiming to improve synovial fluid properties and to decrease pain. There is no global consensus on the type of HA, method of injection and frequency, or on its efficacy in hip joint...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066731/imaging-of-the-hip-a-systematic-approach-to-the-young-adult-hip
#9
Sara Muñoz Chiamil, Claudia Astudillo Abarca
BACKGROUND: Great advances in knowledge and understanding of the biomechanics of the hip, both in arthroscopic procedures and imaging techniques, have expanded and improved the diagnosis of pathologies of the young adult hip. The anatomy of the hip joint is complex due to its morphology and orientation. The inter-pretation of the images requires deep knowledge of the osseous and soft tissue anatomy: muscles, tendons, ligaments, vessels and nerves. There are multiple imaging tools. Diagnostic techniques have different utilities and often are complementary...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063674/predictors-of-30-day-hospital-readmission-after-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Adam M Ali, Charles E R Gibbons
BACKGROUND: Early readmission to hospital after hip fracture is associated with increased mortality and significant costs to the healthcare system. There is growing interest in the use of 30-day readmission rates as a metric of hospital performance. Identifying patients at increased risk of readmission after hip fracture may enable pre-emptive action to mitigate this risk and the development of effective methods of risk-adjustment to allow readmission to be used as a reliable measure of hospital performance...
January 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063649/biologic-drugs-as-analgesics-for-the-management-of-osteoarthritis
#11
REVIEW
Theodoros Dimitroulas, Tosin Lambe, Rainer Klocke, George D Kitas, Rui V Duarte
BACKGROUND: Biologic drugs are novel therapeutic agents with demonstrated effectiveness in the management of a variety of chronic inflammatory disorders. Unmet needs in the treatment of chronic pain have led physicians to utilize a similar approach to patients suffering from conditions not characterized by systemic inflammation such as osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this review is to discuss the current knowledge on the use of commonly used biologic agents [i.e., anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF alpha) and anti-nerve growth factor (anti-NGF)] for the management of OA...
December 5, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063258/eating-attitudes-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-a-micro-level-study-on-a-group-of-adolescent-girls-in-the-city-of-howrah-west-bengal
#12
Nadira Mallick, Susmita Mukhopadhyay, Subha Ray
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between eating attitudes and nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adolescent girls (258 aged 14-17 years and 142 aged 18-21 years) from the city of Howrah, West Bengal. Eating attitude was measured using eating distress syndrome (EDS) questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed using body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BF%). RESULTS: Participants with disordered eating attitudes revealed significantly higher values for body mass index (BMI), WHR and BF% than those with normal eating attitudes (p≤0...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061881/moebius-sequence-a-multidisciplinary-clinical-approach
#13
Line Kjeldgaard Pedersen, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Jens Michael Hertz, Hans Gjørup, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen, John Rosendahl Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Moebius Sequence (MS) is a rare disorder defined by bilateral congenital paralysis of the abducens and facial nerves in combination with various odontological, craniofacial, ophthalmological and orthopaedic conditions. The aetiology is still unknown; but both genetic (de novo mutations) and vascular events in utero are reported. The purpose of present study was through a multidisciplinary clinical approach to examine children diagnosed with Moebius-like symptoms. Ten children underwent odontological, ophthalmological, obstetric, paediatric, orthopaedic, genetic, radiological and photographical evaluation...
January 6, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061383/increased-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-is-associated-with-dementia-and-diabetes-but-not-amyloid-pathology-or-apoe-genotype
#14
Shorena Janelidze, Joakim Hertze, Katarina Nägga, Karin Nilsson, Christer Nilsson, Malin Wennström, Danielle van Westen, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Oskar Hansson
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction might be an important component of many neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we investigated its role in dementia using large clinical cohorts. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/plasma albumin ratio (Qalb), an indicator of BBB (and blood-CSF barrier) permeability, was measured in a total of 1015 individuals. The ratio was increased in patients with Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies or Parkinson's disease dementia, subcortical vascular dementia, and frontotemporal dementia compared with controls...
December 5, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050422/yoga-practice-for-reducing-the-male-obesity-and-weight-related-psychological-difficulties-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
P B Rshikesan, Pailoor Subramanya, Ram Nidhi
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a health disorder and increasing all over the world. It is also a cause for many non-communicable diseases. Yoga practice reduces the stress level which may improve the eating habits and help in weight reduction. AIM: To assess the final outcome of the effects after 3 months of the 14 weeks yoga training on obesity of adult male in an urban setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with parallel groups (Yoga and Control groups) on male obese...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050186/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-version-of-compulsive-eating-scale-ces-in-overweight-or-obese-women-and-its-relationship-with-some-body-composition-and-dietary-intake-variables
#16
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Maryam Chamari, Zeinab Sari, Shahin Akhondzadeh
Objective: Compulsive or binge eating is a kind of disturbed eating behavior, which is mostly observed among dieting women, and is integrated with appetite disorder, and uncontrolled eating of plenty of junk food. The Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) created first by Kagan & Squires in 1984, is an eight-item self-reporting instrument that is made to measure the severity of binge eating disorder. The aim of this study was to provide the reliability and validity of the Persian version of Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) among overweight and obese women in Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049234/chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-bone-disorder-in-korean-patients-a-report-from-the-korean-cohort-study-for-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-know-ckd
#17
Chang Seong Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Seung Hyeok Han, Kyu Beck Lee, Joongyub Lee, Kook Hwan Oh, Dong Wan Chae, Soo Wan Kim
This study examined the characteristics of biochemical parameters, bone diseases, and vascular calcification in Korean patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not yet on dialysis. Serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25D), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D); lumbar spine, total hip, and femur neck bone mineral densities; and brachial-to-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) representing vascular calcification were measured at baseline for 2,238 CKD patients in the KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients With CKD (KNOW-CKD)...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039046/bone-quality-assessment-as-measured-by-trabecular-bone-score-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-dialysis
#18
Maria P Yavropoulou, Vasilios Vaios, Maria Pikilidou, Ioannis Chryssogonidis, Melina Sachinidou, Symeon Tournis, Konstantinos Makris, Kalliopi Kotsa, Michalis Daniilidis, Afroditi Haritanti, Vassilios Liakopoulos
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) exhibit osteoporosis and increased fracture risk. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan measurements and calculation of fracture risk assessment toll score underestimate fracture risk in these patients and do not estimate bone quality. Trabecular bone score (TBS) has been recently proposed as an indirect measure of bone microarchitecture. In this study, we investigated alterations of bone quality in patients with ESRD on HD, using TBS...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034591/women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-have-comparable-hip-bone-geometry-to-age-matched-control-women
#19
Laura E McBreairty, Gordon A Zello, Julianne J Gordon, Shani B Serrao, Roger A Pierson, Donna R Chizen, Philip D Chilibeck
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age manifesting with polycystic ovaries, menstrual irregularities, hyperandrogenism, hirsutism, and insulin resistance. The oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea characteristic to PCOS are associated with low bone mineral density (BMD); conversely, the hyperandrogenism and hyperinsulinemia may elicit a protective effect on BMD. As bone geometric properties provide additional information about bone strength, the objective of this study was to compare measures of hip geometry in women with PCOS to a healthy female population...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027040/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
Julie Dorsey, Michelle Bradshaw
Lower-extremity (LE) musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can have a major impact on the ability to carry out daily activities. The effectiveness of interventions must be examined to enable occupational therapy practitioners to deliver the most appropriate services. This systematic review examined the literature published between 1995 and July 2014 that investigated the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for LE MSDs. Forty-three articles met the criteria and were reviewed. Occupational therapy interventions varied on the basis of population subgroup: hip fracture, LE joint replacement, LE amputation or limb loss, and nonsurgical osteoarthritis and pain...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
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