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Peng Yu, Lili Hu, Jinyan Xie, Sisi Chen, Lin Huang, Zixuan Xu, Xiao Liu, Qiongqiong Zhou, Ping Yuan, Xia Yan, Jiejin Jin, Yang Shen, Wengen Zhu, Linghua Fu, Qi Chen, Jianhua Yu, Jianxin Hu, Qing Cao, Rong Wan, Kui Hong
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular complications are major causes of mortality and morbidity in diabetic patients. The mechanisms underlying the progression of diabetic heart (DH) to ventricular arrhythmias are unclear. O-linked GlcNAcylation (O-GlcNAc) is a reversible post-translational modification for the regulation of diverse cellular processes. The purpose of this study was to assess whether the cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav1.5) is subjected to O-linked GlcNAcylation (O-GlcNAc), which plays an essential role in DH-induced arrhythmias...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Jinghui Zhang, Chenchang Liu, Guofeng You
Human organic anion transporter-3 (hOAT3) is richly expressed in the kidney, where it plays critical roles in the secretion of clinically important drugs, including anti-viral therapeutics, anti-cancer drugs, antibiotics, antihypertensives, and anti-inflammatories. In the current study, we examined the role of AG490, a specific inhibitor of the Janus tyrosine kinase 2 (JAK2), in hOAT3 transport activity in the kidney COS-7 cells. AG490 induced a time- and concentration-dependent inhibition of hOAT3-mediated uptake of estrone sulfate, a prototypical substrate for the transporter...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Bettina Krueger, Limin Yang, Christoph Korbmacher, Robert Rauh
The epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) is a heteromeric channel composed of three subunits (α, β, γ). At the C-terminus of each subunit, a PY-motif allows binding of the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2 which plays a key role in promoting ENaC retrieval from the plasma membrane. Phosphorylation of Nedd4-2 by the serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (Sgk1) reduces Nedd4-2 binding to the PY-motifs. In β and γENaC, threonine residues (βT613, γT623) belong to an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) motif and directly precede the PY-motifs...
February 3, 2018: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Jessy Hasna, Frédéric Hague, Lise Rodat-Despoix, Dirk Geerts, Catherine Leroy, David Tulasne, Halima Ouadid-Ahidouch, Philippe Kischel
Orai proteins are highly selective calcium channels playing an important role in calcium entry. Orai3 channels are overexpressed in breast cancer (BC) tissues, and involved in their proliferation, cell cycle progression and survival. Herein, we sought to address the involvement of Orai3 in resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. Using high-throughput approaches, we investigated major changes induced by Orai3 overexpression, including downstream signaling mechanisms involved in BC chemotherapy resistance. Resistance was dependent on external calcium presence and thus Orai3 functionality...
January 11, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Christina Gross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Epilepsy Currents
Raquel G Utrilla, Paloma Nieto-Marín, Silvia Alfayate, David Tinaquero, Marcos Matamoros, Marta Pérez-Hernández, Sandra Sacristán, Lorena Ondo, Raquel de Andrés, F Javier Díez-Guerra, Juan Tamargo, Eva Delpón, Ricardo Caballero
Cardiac Kir2.1 and Nav1.5 channels generate the inward rectifier K+ (IK1 ) and the Na+ (INa ) currents, respectively. There is a mutual interplay between the ventricular INa and IK1 densities, because Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 channels exhibit positive reciprocal modulation. Here we compared some of the biological properties of Nav1.5 and Kir2.1 channels when they are expressed together or separately to get further insights regarding their putative interaction. First we demonstrated by proximity ligation assays (PLAs) that in the membrane of ventricular myocytes Nav1...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Martin Nybo Andersen, Lasse Skibsbye, Arnela Saljic, Martin Zahle Larsen, Hanne Borger Rasmussen, Thomas Jespersen
Over the last years extensive kinase-mediated regulation of a number of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels important in cardiac electrophysiology has been reported. This includes regulation of Kv1.5, Kv7.1 and Kv11.1 cell surface expression, where the kinase-mediated regulation appears to center around the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2. In the present study we examined whether Kv1.4, constituting the cardiac Ito,s current, is subject to similar regulation. In the epithelial Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cell line, which constitutes a highly reproducible model system for addressing membrane targeting, we find, by confocal microscopy, that Kv1...
November 23, 2017: Channels
Jantina A Manning, Tanya L Henshall, Sharad Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Cell Cycle
Jianzhu Zhao, Bijun Zhang, Guangrui Lai, Runhong Xu, Guoming Chu, Yanyan Zhao
The present study aimed to test whether 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20‑HETE) affected neddylation modification of E3‑ligase Nedd4‑2 (neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down‑regulated 4‑like, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase). A cytochrome P450 family 4 subfamily F member 2 (CYP4F2) transgenic mouse model that overproduces 20‑HETE in the kidney and the liver was used in the present study. Transgenic mice with high salt intake exhibited increased activation of Nedd4‑2‑mediated ubiquitin‑proteasome pathway...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Dustin R Todaro, Allison C Augustus-Wallace, Jennifer M Klein, Arthur L Haas
The mechanism of Nedd4-2 has been quantitatively explored for the first time using biochemically defined kinetic assays examining rates of125 I-polyubiquitin chain assembly as a functional readout. We demonstrate that Nedd4-2 exhibits broad specificity for E2 paralogs of the Ubc4/5 clade to assemble Lys63 -linked polyubiquitin chains. Full-length Nedd4-2 catalyzes free125 I-polyubiquitin chain assembly by hyperbolic Michaelis-Menten kinetics with respect to Ubc5B∼ubiquitin thioester concentration ( Km = 44 ± 6 nm; k cat = 0...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Tanya L Henshall, Jantina A Manning, Omri S Alfassy, Pranay Goel, Natasha A Boase, Hiroshi Kawabe, Sharad Kumar
NEDD4-2 (NEDD4L), a ubiquitin protein ligase of the Nedd4 family, is a key regulator of cell surface expression and activity of the amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). While hypomorphic alleles of Nedd4-2 in mice show salt-sensitive hypertension, complete knockout results in pulmonary distress and perinatal lethality due to increased cell surface levels of ENaC. We now show that Nedd4-2 deficiency in mice also results in an unexpected progressive kidney injury phenotype associated with elevated ENaC and Na+ Cl- cotransporter expression, increased Na+ reabsorption, hypertension and markedly reduced levels of aldosterone...
December 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
Shintaro Minegishi, Tomoaki Ishigami, Hisho Kawamura, Tabito Kino, Lin Chen, Rie Nakashima-Sasaki, Hiroshi Doi, Kengo Azushima, Hiromichi Wakui, Yumi Chiba, Kouichi Tamura
We have previously shown that neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally downregulated gene 4-2 (Nedd4-2) isoforms with a C2 domain are closely related to ubiquitination of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), resulting in salt-sensitive hypertension by Nedd4-2 C2 targeting in mice. The sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 5 (SCN5A) gene encodes the α subunit of the human cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel (I Na), and the potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 (KCNH2) gene encodes rapidly activating delayed rectifier K channels (I Kr)...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Haoxun Wang, Guofeng You
Human organic anion transporter 3 (hOAT3) is localized at the basolateral membrane of renal proximal tubule cells and facilitates the renal secretion of numerous clinical drugs, including anti-HIV therapeutics, anti-tumor drugs, antibiotics, antihypertension drugs and anti-inflammatories. The present study explored the role of serum and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (sgk1) in the regulation of hOAT3. It was shown that over-expression of sgk1 in hOAT3-expressing cells stimulated hOAT3 transport activity by enhancing the transporter expression at the plasma membrane, kinetically reflected as an increased maximal transport velocity Vmax without substantial change in the substrate-binding affinity Km ...
November 2017: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
Tabito Kino, Tomoaki Ishigami, Tsumugi Murata, Hiroshi Doi, Rie Nakashima-Sasaki, Lin Chen, Michiko Sugiyama, Kengo Azushima, Hiromichi Wakui, Shintaro Minegishi, Kouichi Tamura
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays critical roles in maintaining fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and is located in the aldosterone-sensitive distal nephron (ASDN). We previously found that Nedd4-2 C2 knockout (KO) mice showed salt-sensitive hypertension with paradoxically enhanced ENaC gene expression in ASDN under high oral salt intake. Eplerenone (EPL), a selective aldosterone blocker, is a promising therapeutic option for resistant or/and salt-sensitive hypertension. We examined the effect of EPL on Nedd4-2 C2 KO mice with respect to blood pressure, metabolic parameters, and molecular level changes in ASDN under high oral salt intake...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Paulina Gwoździńska, Benno A Buchbinder, Konstantin Mayer, Susanne Herold, Rory E Morty, Werner Seeger, István Vadász
Acute lung injury is associated with formation of pulmonary edema leading to impaired gas exchange. Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) require mechanical ventilation to improve oxygenation; however, the use of relatively low tidal volumes (to minimize further injury of the lung) often leads to further accumulation of carbon dioxide (hypercapnia). Hypercapnia has been shown to impair alveolar fluid clearance (AFC), thereby causing retention of pulmonary edema, and may lead to worse outcomes; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain incompletely understood...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Da Xu, Jinghui Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Yunzhou Fan, Chenchang Liu, Guofeng You
Human organic anion transporter-1 (hOAT1) regulates the absorption, distribution, and excretion of a wide range of clinically important drugs. Our previous work demonstrated that hOAT1 is a dynamic membrane transporter, constitutively internalizing from and recycling back to the cell plasma membrane. Short-term activation (<30 minutes) of protein kinase C (PKC) promotes the attachment of a lysine 48-linked polyubiquitin chain to hOAT1, a process catalyzed by ubiquitin ligase neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-2 (Nedd4-2)...
August 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Naritoshi Shirata, Kan-Ichiro Ihara, Kanae Yamamoto-Nonaka, Takuto Seki, Shin-Ichi Makino, Juan Alejandro Oliva Trejo, Takafumi Miyake, Hiroyuki Yamada, Kirk Nicholas Campbell, Takahiko Nakagawa, Kiyoshi Mori, Motoko Yanagita, Peter Mundel, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Katsuhiko Asanuma
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 (MAGI-2) is a component of the slit diaphragm (SD) of glomerular podocytes. Here, we investigated the podocyte-specific function of MAGI-2 using newly generated podocyte-specific MAGI-2-knockout (MAGI-2-KO) mice. Compared with podocytes from wild-type mice, podocytes from MAGI-2-KO mice exhibited SD disruption, morphologic abnormalities of foot processes, and podocyte apoptosis leading to podocyte loss. These pathologic changes manifested as massive albuminuria by 8 weeks of age and glomerulosclerosis and significantly higher plasma creatinine levels at 12 weeks of age; all MAGI-2-KO mice died by 20 weeks of age...
September 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Soo-Kyoung Choi, Soo-In Yeon, Youngin Kwon, Seonhee Byeon, Young-Ho Lee
Hypertension is characterized by increased peripheral vascular resistance which is related with elevated myogenic response. Recent findings have indicated that epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is involved in mechanotransduction of the myogenic response. The purpose of this study was to investigate the involvement of ENaC in the elevated myogenic response of posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Sixteen to eighteen weeks old male wistar kyoto rats (WKYs) and SHRs were used in this study...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
L Luo, F Ning, Y Du, B Song, D Yang, S C Salvage, Y Wang, J A Fraser, S Zhang, A Ma, T Wang
AIM: Reductions in voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav1.5) function/expression provide a slowed-conduction substrate for cardiac arrhythmias. Nedd4-2, which is activated by calcium, post-translationally modulates Nav1.5. We aim to investigate whether elevated intracellular calcium ([Ca2+ ]i ) reduces Nav1.5 through Nedd4-2 and its role in heart failure (HF). METHODS: Using a combination of biochemical, electrophysiological, cellular and in vivo methods, we tested the effect and mechanism of calcium on Nedd4-2 and in turn Nav1...
September 2017: Acta Physiologica
Lama Al-Qusairi, Denis Basquin, Ankita Roy, Renuga Devi Rajaram, Marc P Maillard, Arohan R Subramanya, Olivier Staub
Adaptation of the organism to potassium (K+) deficiency requires precise coordination among organs involved in K+ homeostasis, including muscle, liver, and kidney. How the latter performs functional and molecular changes to ensure K+ retention is not well understood. Here, we investigated the role of ubiquitin-protein ligase NEDD4-2, which negatively regulates the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), Na+/Cl- cotransporter (NCC), and with no-lysine-kinase 1 (WNK1). After dietary K+ restriction for 2 weeks, compared with control littermates, inducible renal tubular NEDD4-2 knockout (Nedd4LPax8/LC1 ) mice exhibited severe hypokalemia and urinary K+ wasting...
August 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
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