keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trichotillo*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920483/salivary-inflammatory-markers-in-trichotillomania-a-pilot-study
#1
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Immune dysregulation has been hypothesized to be important in the development and pathophysiology of compulsive disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), which has a high comorbid overlap with trichotillomania (both are OC-related disorders). The role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of trichotillomania has garnered little research to date. METHODS: Individuals with trichotillomania provided saliva sample for analysis of inflammatory cytokines...
June 19, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893105/trikotillomani
#2
Shirin Olga Eskeland, Erna Moen, Benjamin Hummelen
Trichotillomania, or hair-pulling disorder, is a mental disorder that typically strikes in adolescence and has a chronic course. The condition is frequently accompanied by significant limitations as life unfolds. Comorbidity with depression and anxiety disorders is common.
June 12, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866920/ectoparasite-defence-in-humans-relationships-to-pathogen-avoidance-and-clinical-implications
#3
REVIEW
Tom R Kupfer, Daniel M T Fessler
Currently, disgust is regarded as the main adaptation for defence against pathogens and parasites in humans. Disgust's motivational and behavioural features, including withdrawal, nausea, appetite suppression and the urge to vomit, defend effectively against ingesting or touching sources of pathogens. However, ectoparasites do not attack their hosts via ingestion, but rather actively attach themselves to the body surface. Accordingly, by itself, disgust offers limited defence against ectoparasites. We propose that, like non-human animals, humans have a distinct ectoparasite defence system that includes cutaneous sensory mechanisms, itch-generation mechanisms and grooming behaviours...
July 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771216/mindfulness-based-cognitive-hypnotherapy-and-skin-disorders
#4
Philip D Shenefelt
Mindfulness-based cognitive hypnotherapy integrates mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and hypnotherapy to improve physical, emotional, mental, and/or spiritual aspects of skin disorders. Meditation, including mindfulness meditation, and hypnosis both utilize trance phenomena to help produce focalization and specific improvements in skin disorders through psycho-neuro-endocrine-immunologic mechanisms. Hypnosis, cognitive hypnotherapy, focused meditation, and mindfulness meditation are discussed with respect to improving various skin disorders including acne, acne excoriée, alopecia areata, atopic dermatitis, congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, dyshidrotic dermatitis, erythema nodosum, erythromelalgia, furuncles, glossodynia, herpes simplex, hyperhidrosis, ichthyosis vulgaris, lichen planus, neurodermatitis, nummular dermatitis, postherpetic neuralgia, prurigo nodularis, pruritus, psoriasis, rosacea, trichotillomania, urticaria, verruca vulgaris, and vitiligo...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769783/trichotillomania-ranging-from-ritual-to-illness-and-as-a-rare-clinical-manifestation-of-frontotemporal-dementia-review-of-literature-and-case-report
#5
Thomas Gregor Issac, Ashay Vivek Telang, Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the most common form of dementia in the younger age group and often exists with comorbid obsessions and compulsions in up to 80% of the patients. Trichotillomania or compulsive "hair-pulling" disorder is a rare manifestation of FTD and is a poorly evaluated symptom in this condition. The release of "grooming functions" due to frontal disinhibition is often attributed to the evolutionary perspective; however, recent findings also implicate the role of neurotransmitter dysfunction...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753253/salivary-sex-hormones-in-adolescent-females-with-trichotillomania
#6
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
Trichotillomania is several times more common in women and has peak onset around puberty. The role of sex hormones, however, has received little research. 11 adolescent girls with trichotillomania, post-menarche and not taking birth control, were examined on a variety of clinical measures. Participants provided saliva samples for analysis of estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone levels. Lower progesterone was associated with more severe symptoms and lower levels of all hormones were associated with worse overall functioning...
May 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682419/inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-nos2-knockout-mice-as-a-model-of-trichotillomania
#7
Plinio C Casarotto, Caroline Biojone, Karina Montezuma, Fernando Q Cunha, Samia R L Joca, Eero Castren, Francisco S Guimaraes
Background: Trichotillomania (TTM) is an impulse control disorder characterized by repetitive hair pulling/trimming. Barbering behavior (BB) observed in laboratory animals is proposed as a model of TTM. The neurobiological basis of TTM is unclear, but involves striatal hyperactivity and hypoactivation of the prefrontal cortex. Methods: In this study, we evaluated the BB in knockout mice for the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS2KO) and the consequences of silencing this enzyme in PC12 cell differentiation...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667792/habit-reversal-training-for-body-focused-repetitive-behaviors-a-practical-guide-for-the-dermatologist
#8
Amber B Dunbar, Michelle Magid, Jason S Reichenberg
Habit reversal training (HRT) is a clinically effective treatment for body-focused repetitive disorders (BFRDs) such as trichotillomania, onychophagia, and dermatillomania. Despite many dermatology providers knowing the term HRT, very few understand what HRT is and how it actually works. In this article, we give a detailed explanation of HRT and walk the reader through a six-session HRT protocol. We will briefly discuss adjunct interventions for BFRDs, including pharmacological approaches. We aim to make dermatologists more comfortable in offering basic HRT within their clinics and to close the gap that currently exists between patients who are HRT candidates and those who receive HRT treatment...
August 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664510/rapunzel-syndrome-with-double-simultaneous-trichobezoar-in-a-teenager-clinical-case-report
#9
Miguel Bargas Ochoa, María Xacur Hernández, Mariela Espadas Torres, Alexis Quintana Gamboa, Iddar Tappan Lavadores, Nina Méndez Domínguez
Resumen: Introduction: Trichobezoars are an intraluminal accumulation of ingested hair. The Rapunzel syndrome refers to the presence of gastric trichobezoars which extend to the small intestine together with trichotillomania and trichophagia, that occur predominantly in psychiatric patients of pediatric age. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical course and resolution of this syndrome in a case report. Likewise, we provide information about the family environment and psycho-emotional context of the patients and help the reader identify similar circumstances in their clinical practice...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618231/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
Keuthen, N.J., Tung, E.S., Woods, D.W., Franklin, M.E., Altenburger, E.M., Pauls, D.L., & Flessner, C.A. (2015). Replication study of the Milwaukee inventory for subtypes of trichotillomania-adult version in a clinically-characterized sample. Behavior Modification. 39(4):580-599. DOI: 10.1177/0145445515580533 The authors regret that there is an error in the first paragraph of page 595. It should read as follows and the changes are shown in bold. "Thus, strategies likely to enhance awareness (e.g., stimulus control and habit reversal) would now be primarily appropriate for those with low scores on the Intention scale...
April 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614986/rapunzel-syndrome-an-infrequent-cause-of-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-abdominal-pain-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Giuseppe Cannalire, Luigi Conti, Maurizio Celoni, Carmine Grassi, Andrea Cella, Giulia Bensi, Patrizio Capelli, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and abdominal pain are commonly seen in a pediatric emergency department (8 and 18% incidence respectively in our center). They are manifestations of a wide variety of diseases ranging from benign to immediately life-threatening. Trichobezoar is an under-diagnosed entity that has to be considered in children and adolescents, expecially female, suffering from trichotillomania (compulsion to pull hair) and trichophagy (compulsion to swallow hair)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607291/awareness-enhancing-and-monitoring-device-plus-habit-reversal-in-the-treatment-of-trichotillomania-an-open-feasibility-trial
#12
Joseph A Himle, Deborah Bybee, Lisa A O'Donnell, Addie Weaver, Sarah Vlnka, Daniel T DeSena, Jessica M Rimer
Habit Reversal Therapy (HRT) is helpful for many persons suffering from trichotillomania. However successful habit reversal therapy requires awareness of hair pulling behaviors. Available methods to monitor hair pulling behaviors are less than ideal, particularly when sufferers are unaware of their pulling-related behaviors. This open feasibility trial included 20 persons with trichotillomania who were treated with nine weeks of HRT with experienced clinicians following a well-established HRT protocol. HRT was augmented with an electronic Awareness Enhancing and Monitoring Device (AEMD) designed to alert users of hand to head contact and to monitor the frequency of pulling-related behaviors...
January 2018: Journal of Obsessive-compulsive and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587201/recurrent-rapunzel-syndrome-a-rare-tale-of-a-hairy-tail
#13
Antony Nettikadan, M J Ravi, M Shivaprasad
INTRODUCTION: Rapunzel syndrome is a rare condition predominantly found in trichophagic females that occurs when gastric trichobezoar extends beyond the pylorus and into duodenum, jejunum, ileum or even to colon. There are only five cases reported in literature. This case report has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year old female, with a history of trichotillomania with trichophagia, who presented with epigastric pain and vomiting for 12 months...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569271/trichoscopy-of-alopecia-areata-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Anna Waśkiel, Adriana Rakowska, Mariusz Sikora, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
The diagnosis of alopecia areata is usually based on clinical manifestations. However, there are several hair and scalp disorders that share similar clinical features with alopecia areata, such as tinea capitis, trichotillomania or traction alopecia. Trichoscopy as a fast, non-invasive and easy-to-perform technique may help to identify subtle details and establish the correct diagnosis. The aim of this review is to present the spectrum of trichoscopic findings in alopecia areata. A systematic review of the published work was performed by searching the PubMed, Scopus and EBSCO databases, complemented by a thorough hand search of reference lists...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546862/clinical-characteristics-and-comorbidity-of-pediatric-trichotillomania-the-study-of-38-cases-in-croatia
#15
Aleksandra Klobučar, Vera Folnegović-Šmalc, Dubravka Kocijan-Hercigonja, Slavica Sović, Ljiljana Gulić
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this study was to analyse and show clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in 38 participants aged between 10 and 17 with DSM-IV diagnoses of Trichotillomania (TTM) that we were treating at Children's Hospital Zagreb from 2008 to 2017. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data obtained from semi-structured interviews by the criteria of DSM-IV, Youth Self Report (YSR) (Achenbach & Rescorla 2001) and survey that we created...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533364/atomoxetine-in-the-treatment-of-adolescent-with-trichotillomania-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Serhat Türkoğlu, Fatih Hilmi Çetin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515968/striatal-abnormalities-in-trichotillomania-a-multi-site-mri-analysis
#17
Masanori Isobe, Sarah A Redden, Nancy J Keuthen, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner, Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
Trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) is characterized by the repetitive pulling out of one's own hair, and is classified as an Obsessive-Compulsive Related Disorder. Abnormalities of the ventral and dorsal striatum have been implicated in disease models of trichotillomania, based on translational research, but direct evidence is lacking. The aim of this study was to elucidate subcortical morphometric abnormalities, including localized curvature changes, in trichotillomania. De-identified MRI scans were pooled by contacting authors of previous peer-reviewed studies that examined brain structure in adult patients with trichotillomania, following an extensive literature search...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468679/remote-treatment-of-sleep-related-trichotillomania-and-trichophagia
#18
Katherine R Lichtblau, Patrick W Romani, Brian D Greer, Wayne W Fisher, Allie K Bragdon
We used a biobehavioral treatment consisting of melatonin and a standardized bed and wake time to decrease one girl's head and mouth touches associated with sleep-related trichotillomania and trichophagia. We remotely coached the girl's caregiver to implement all procedures and monitored response to treatment using a DropCam Pro video camera equipped with night-vision capabilities. Head and mouth touches decreased, and her sleep pattern improved with the combination of treatment strategies. We discuss our use of a novel mode of service delivery to treat sleep-related problem behavior...
April 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457007/the-dermoscopic-pluck-out-sign-for-beard-trichotillomania
#19
Mario Cutrone, Ramon Grimalt
Beard trichotillomania (TTM) is a rather uncommon entity. Hair is not easily plucked from the beard area, as patients need forceps or tweezers to perform their task. The diagnosis of beard TTM can be quite tricky as the location is not the most frequent one. Dermoscopy might in these cases be helpful to achieve the correct diagnosis. In this article, we describe for the first time the "pluck out sign" for beard TTM.
January 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438853/gastric-ulceration-and-perforation-secondary-to-large-trichobezoar-a-case-report-describing-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnosis
#20
M M Hennessy, I Ivanovski, C B Ó Súilleabháin
INTRODUCTION: Trichotillomania and trichotillophagia can result in huge intraluminal coagulations of hair. Rarely, these can present with gastric perforation. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria (Agha et al., 2016) [1]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 15 year old girl who attended the emergency department with abdominal pain and vomiting. Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis identified free fluid within the pelvis concerning for inflammatory bowel disease...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
keyword
keyword
67915
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"