Read by QxMD icon Read


Stefano Fiorucci, Angela Zampella, Giuseppe Cirino, Mariarosaria Bucci, Eleonora Distrutti
Bile acids are end product of cholesterol metabolism generated in the liver and released in the intestine. In addition to their role in nutrient absorption, bile acids are increasingly recognized as regulatory signals which exert their function beyond the intestine by activating a network of membrane and nuclear receptors. The best characterized of these bile acid activated receptors, GPBAR1 (also known as TGR5) and the Farnesosid-x-receptor (FXR) have also been detected in the vascular system and their activation mediate the vasodilatory effects of bile acids in the systemic and splanchnic circulation...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Jihe Li, Dongxia Tong, Juan Liu, Fuyang Chen, Yongbin Shen
Oroxylin A, a natural flavonoid isolated from the medicinal herb Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. However, the effect of oroxylin A on cigarette smoke (CS)-induced lung inflammation remains unclear. In this study, the ability of oroxylin A to protect against CS-induced lung inflammation was detected in vivo and in vitro. Oroxylin A was administered intraperitoneally to mice 2h prior CS exposure every day for five consecutive days. BEAS-2B bronchial epithelial cells and RAW264...
October 17, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Achim Elfering, Anita C Keller, Martial Berset, Laurenz L Meier, Simone Grebner, Wolfgang Kälin, Françoise Monnerat, Franziska Tschan, Norbert K Semmer
Core self-evaluations (CSE) might account for relative gains in job resources across time, especially in situations when these individual differences affect behavior that is relevant for development of job resources. This longitudinal study tests CSE as an individual resource that predicts relative gain in job resources and job satisfaction among job beginners who change or stay with their employer. A questionnaire was filled in by 513 adolescents shortly before the end of vocational training and one year later...
2016: SpringerPlus
Heng-Jing Hu, Zhi-Sheng Jiang, Sheng-Hua Zhou, Qi-Ming Liu
The effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway in angiotensin II (AngII)-induced endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression and subsequent cytotoxicity remain unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the hypothesis that H2S protects human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) against AngII‑stimulated ET‑1 generation and subsequent cytotoxicity‑induced endoplasmic reticulum stress via the NF‑κB signaling pathway. The results of the present study demonstrated that AngII significantly upregulated the expression levels of ET‑1, glucose‑regulated protein 78, CCAAT‑enhancer‑binding protein homologous protein, phosphorylated (p)‑p65 and inducible nitric oxide synthase; stimulated nitric oxide production; suppressed the expression and activity of cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), a H2S synthetase; and decreased cell viability...
October 12, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Akbar Ahmad, Domokos Gerö, Gabor Olah, Csaba Szabo
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has been proposed to exert pro- as well as anti-inflammatory effects in various models of critical illness. In this study, we compared bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced changes in inflammatory mediator production, indices of multiple organ injury and survival in wild‑type (WT) mice and in mice with reduced expression of one of the three H2S‑producing enzymes, cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) or 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST)...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Yao Yao, Chen Kong, Liang Yin, Atul D Jain, Kiira Ratia, Gregory R Thatcher, Terry W Moore, Tom Driver, Lawrence W Miller
Herein, we report the design, synthesis and characterization of a lanthanide(III) complex-based probe for the time-gated luminescence detection of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) in aqueous media. The probe's unique sensing mechanism relies on the selective reduction of azide to amine by sulfide, followed by intramolecular cyclization to form a quinolinone. The quinolinone is a sensitizer that absorbs near-UV light and transfers excitation energy to coordinated Tb(III) or Eu(III) ions to trigger a strong "turn-on" luminescence response with ms-scale lifetimes characteristic of lanthanide complexes...
October 12, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Mei Wang, Youyang Hu, Yifei Fan, Yan Guo, Fanglin Chen, Shuo Chen, Qinglin Li, Zhiwu Chen
BACKGROUND/AIM: H2S is a novel vasoactivator. To verify the hypothesis that H2S may act as an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in the rat cerebrovasculature, the role of H2S in endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF)-mediated responses was investigated. METHODS: Cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) was knocked down with an siRNA technique. Artery diameter, hyperpolarization and Ca2+-activated K+ (KCa) current were measured. RESULTS: CSE knockdown was indicated by a decrease in protein and mRNA expression in the rat middle cerebral artery (MCA) and cerebral basilar artery (CBA)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Vascular Research
Anelise Fernandes Montagner, Niek J Opdam, Jan L Ruben, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans
This study evaluated the effect of mechanical loading with a new device on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of adhesive systems to dentin. Forty molars were divided according to adhesive systems: self-etch (Clearfil(TM) SE Bond -CSE) and etch-and-rinse (Adper Scotchbond(TM) 1XT -ASB); and to aging (n=5): control; MC1-250,000; MC2-500,000; and MC3-750,000 mechanical cycles. Microtensile bond strength was measured and fracture modes were analyzed. Data for µTBS were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis and post hoc tests (p<0...
October 1, 2016: Dental Materials Journal
Na-Rae Shin, Hyung-Won Ryu, Je-Won Ko, Ji-Won Park, Ok-Kyoung Kwon, Sei-Ryang Oh, Jong-Choon Kim, In-Sik Shin, Kyung-Seop Ahn
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A standardized bark extract of Pinus pinaster Aiton (Pycnogenol(®); PYC) used as an herbal medicine to treat various diseases in Europe and North America. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study evaluates the ability of PYC to inhibit chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-stimulated human airway epithelial cell line NCI-H292 and in a cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shuiqing Zhang, Shaomin Huang, Jianwei Li, Doudou Guo, Shan Lin, Guoan Lu
BACKGROUND: The carbon sequestration potential is affected by cropping system and management practices, but soil organic carbon(SOC) sequestration potential under fertilizations remains unclear in north China. This study examined SOC change, total C input to soil, and via integration of these estimates over years, C sequestration efficiency (CSE, the ratio of SOC change over C input) under no fertilization (CK), chemical nitrogen fertilizer alone (N) or combined with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers (NP, NK, PK, NPK), or chemical fertilizers combined with low or high (1...
October 8, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Praveen Mannam, Navin Rauniyar, TuKiet T Lam, Ruiyan Luo, Patty J Lee, Anup Srivastava
Cigarette smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD which is characterized by excessive inflammation and airflow obstruction of the lung. While inflammation is causally related to initiation and progression of COPD, the mitochondrial mechanisms that underlie the associated inflammatory responses are poorly understood. In this context, we have studied the role played by Mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase 3 (MKK3), a dual-specificity protein kinase, in cigarette smoke induced-inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction...
October 4, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Junwei Xu, Lu Lu, Jing Lu, Jihui Xia, Hongjin Lu, Lin Yang, Wensheng Xia, Shihai Shen
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that CD200 fusion protein (CD200Fc), a CD200R1 agonist may attenuate inflammatory responses in autoimmune diseases and neuro-degeneration. While, little is known about the function of CD200Fc in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced mouse Cardiac Microvascular Endothelial Cells (mCMECs). The present study was designed to elucidate the effects of CD200Fc on CSE-induced vascular endothelial barrier (VEB) dysfunction and inflammatory responses, which is a highly clinically relevant model of smoking related cardiovascular diseases...
October 3, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Angela Corvino, Beatrice Severino, Ferdinando Fiorino, Francesco Frecentese, Elisa Magli, Elisa Perissutti, Vincenzo Santagada, Mariarosaria Bucci, Giuseppe Cirino, Geoff Kelly, Luigi Servillo, Grzegorz Popowicz, Annalisa Pastore, Giuseppe Caliendo
Hydrogen sulfide is an essential catabolite that intervenes in the pathophysiology of several diseases from hypertension to stroke, diabetes and pancreatitis. It is endogenously synthesized mainly by two pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes involved in L-cysteine metabolism: cystathionine-ß-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE). Research in this field is currently impaired by the lack of pharmacological tools such as selective enzymatic inhibitors that could target specifically only one of these pathways...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
J C van den Born, R Mencke, S Conroy, C J Zeebregts, H van Goor, J L Hillebrands
Atherosclerotic plaques are classically divided into stable and vulnerable plaques. Vulnerable plaques are prone to rupture with a risk for infarction. High intraplaque microvessel density predisposes to plaque vulnerability. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a proangiogenic gasotransmitter which is endogenously produced by cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE), and is believed to have vasculoprotective effects. However, due to its proangiogenic effects, H2S may result in pathological angiogenesis in atherosclerotic plaques, thereby increasing plaque vulnerability...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Huan-Sheng Yang, Fei Wu, Li-Na Long, Tie-Jun Li, Xia Xiong, Peng Liao, Hong-Nan Liu, Yu-Long Yin
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of a mixture of yeast culture, cell wall hydrolysates, and yeast extracts (collectively "yeast products," YP) on the performance, intestinal physiology, and health of weaned piglets. A total of 90 piglets weaned at 21 d of age were blocked by body weight, sex, and litter and randomly assigned to one of three treatments for a 14-d feeding experiment, including (1) a basal diet (control), (2) 1.2 g/kg of YP, and (3) 20 mg/kg of colistin sulfate (CSE). No statistically significant differences were observed in average daily feed intake, average daily weight gain, or gain-to-feed ratio among CSE, YP, and control piglets...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Candice A Gellner, Daisy D Reynaga, Frances M Leslie
Animal models are used to study many human diseases, one of which is tobacco addiction. Most preclinical models use nicotine alone, although there are >7000 constituents present in tobacco smoke. The clinical literature suggests that cigarettes have a strong addictive potential, which is not paralleled in preclinical studies using nicotine alone. In order to address the gap between clinical and preclinical literature on tobacco dependence, cigarette smoke extracts containing tobacco constituents have been developed...
October 3, 2016: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
Meetali Deori, Dipali Devi, Sima Kumari, Ankita Hazarika, Himadri Kalita, Rahul Sarma, Rajlakshmi Devi
This study evaluated the antioxidant effect of crude sericin extract (CSE) from Antheraea assamensis in high cholesterol fed rats. Investigation was conducted by administering graded oral dose of 0.25 and 0.5 gm/kg body weight (b.w.)/day of CSE for a period of 28 days. Experiments were conducted in 30 rats and were divided into five groups: normal control, high cholesterol fed (HCF), HCF + 0.065 gm/kg b.w./day fenofibrate (FF), HCF + sericin 0.25 gm/kg b.w./day (LSD), and HCF + sericin 0.5 gm/kg b.w./day (HSD)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Alden King-Yung Leung, Tsz-Piu Kwok, Raymond Wan, Ming Xiao, Pui-Yan Kwok, Kevin Y Yip, Ting-Fung Chan
MOTIVATION: Optical mapping is a technique for capturing fluorescent signal patterns of long DNAmolecules (in the range of 0.1 Mbp to 1 Mbp). Recently, it has been complementing the widely-used short-read sequencing technology by assisting with scaffolding and detecting large and complex structural variations. Here, we introduce a fast, robust and accurate tool called OMBlast for aligning optical maps, the set of signal locations on the molecules generated from optical mapping. Our method is based on the seed-and-extend approach from sequence alignment, with modifications specific to optical mapping...
September 30, 2016: Bioinformatics
Clair Hartmann, Sebastian Hafner, Angelika Scheuerle, Peter Möller, Markus Huber-Lang, Birgit Jung, Benedikt Nubaum, Oscar McCook, Michael Gröger, Florian Wagner, Sandra Weber, Bettina Stahl, Enrico Calzia, Michael Georgieff, Csaba Szabó, Rui Wang, Peter Radermacher, Katja Wagner
Pre-traumatic cigarette smoke (CS) exposure aggravates post-traumatic acute lung injury (ALI). Cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) protects against ALI and CS exposure-induced chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD). Therefore, we tested the hypothesis whether genetic CSE knockout (CSE) would aggravate post-traumatic ALI after CS exposure. After 3-4 weeks of CS exposure, anesthetized wild type (WT) and CSE mice underwent blunt chest trauma, surgical instrumentation and 4 hours of lung-protective mechanical ventilation...
September 28, 2016: Shock
Hiroki Daijo, Yuma Hoshino, Shinichi Kai, Kengo Suzuki, Kenichiro Nishi, Yoshiyuki Matsuo, Hiroshi Harada, Kiichi Hirota
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major contributor to the development of a large number of fatal and debilitating disorders. However, the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of CS in lung disease are largely unknown. To elucidate these pathophysiological processes, we examined the in vitro and in vivo effects of CS extract (CSE) and CS on the transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). CSE induced concentration- and time-dependent accumulation of HIF-1α protein in human lung epithelial-like cells under non-hypoxic conditions...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"