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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104227/inter-species-host-gene-expression-differences-in-response-to-human-and-avian-influenza-a-virus-strains
#1
Biruhalem Taye, Dawn Yeo, Raphael Tze Chuen Lee, Boon Huan Tan, Richard J Sugrue, Sebastian Maurer-Stroh
Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses are a source of sporadic human infections and could also contribute to future pandemic outbreaks but little is known about inter-species differences in the host responses to these viruses. Here, we studied host gene expression signatures of cell lines from three species (human, chicken, and canine) in response to six different viruses (H1N1/WSN, H5N2/F59, H5N2/F118, H5N2/F189, H5N3 and H9N2). Comprehensive microarray probe set re-annotation and ortholog mapping of the host genes was necessary to allow comparison over extended functionally annotated gene sets and orthologous pathways...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923850/increasing-the-unneddylated-cullin1-portion-rescues-the-csn-phenotypes-by-stabilizing-adaptor-modules-to-drive-scf-assembly
#2
Qingqing Liu, Yike Zhou, Ruiqi Tang, Xuehong Wang, Qiwen Hu, Ying Wang, Qun He
The dynamic SCF (Skp1-cullin1-F-box protein) assembly is controlled by cycles of cullin neddylation/deneddylation based on the deneddylation activity of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and global sequestration of cullins by CAND1. However, acceptance of this prediction was hampered by the results of recent studies, and the regulatory mechanism and key players remain to be identified. We found that maintaining a proper Cul1(Nedd8)/Cul1 ratio is crucial to ensure SCF functions. Reducing the high Cul1(Nedd8)/Cul1 ratios in csn mutants through ectopic expression of the nonneddylatable Cul1(K722R) proteins or introducing the endogenous cul1(K722R) point mutation significantly rescues their defective phenotypes...
December 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919423/cops5-inhibition-arrests-the-proliferation-and-growth-of-serous-ovarian-cancer-cells-via-the-elevation-of-p27-level
#3
Hongqin Zhang, Ailing Zhong, Jiajun Sun, Miaomiao Chen, Suhong Xie, Hui Zheng, Yanchun Wang, Yiwen Yu, Lin Guo, Renquan Lu
The fifth component of the COP9 signalosome complex (COPS5), which plays an essential role in ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation, has been found as a prognostic biomarker for multiple cancers, however, the role of COPS5 in serous ovarian cancer (SOC) remain to be clarified. In this study, we found that COPS5 expression was significantly increased in SOC cells and tissues compared with those controls. Mechanistically, COPS5 and p27was proved to interact with each other, with COPS5 acts as a negative regulator of p27...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891468/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-neddylation-is-regulated-by-a-desmosomal-cop9-constitutive-photomorphogenesis-9-signalosome-complex
#4
Nicole Ann Najor, Gillian Nicole Fitz, Jennifer Leigh Koetsier, Lisa Marie Godsel, Lauren Veronica Albrecht, Robert Harmon, Kathleen Janee Green
Cell junctions are scaffolds that integrate mechanical and chemical signaling. We previously showed that a desmosomal cadherin promotes keratinocyte differentiation in an adhesion-independent manner by dampening Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) activity. Here we identify a potential mechanism by which desmosomes assist the de-neddylating COP9 signalosome (CSN) in attenuating EGFR through an association between the Cops3 subunit of the CSN and desmosomal components, Desmoglein1 (Dsg1) and Desmoplakin (Dp), to promote epidermal differentiation...
September 11, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869038/the-genomic-landscape-of-human-cellular-circadian-variation-points-to-a-novel-role-for-the-signalosome
#5
Ludmila Gaspar, Cedric Howald, Konstantin Popadin, Bert Maier, Daniel Mauvoisin, Ermanno Moriggi, Maria Gutierrez-Arcelus, Emilie Falconnet, Christelle Borel, Dieter Kunz, Achim Kramer, Frederic Gachon, Emmanouil T Dermitzakis, Stylianos E Antonarakis, Steven A Brown
The importance of natural gene expression variation for human behavior is undisputed, but its impact on circadian physiology remains mostly unexplored. Using umbilical cord fibroblasts, we have determined by genome-wide association how common genetic variation impacts upon cellular circadian function. Gene set enrichment points to differences in protein catabolism as one major source of clock variation in humans. The two most significant alleles regulated expression of COPS7B, a subunit of the COP9 signalosome...
September 4, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861005/murine-myocardial-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-a-critical-role-of-cops8-in-the-gene-expression-of-cullin-ring-ligase-substrate-receptors-and-redox-and-vesicle-trafficking-pathways
#6
Ammara Abdullah, Kathleen M Eyster, Travis Bjordahl, Peng Xiao, Erliang Zeng, Xuejun Wang
Background: The COP9 signalosome (CSN) consisting of 8 unique protein subunits (COPS1 through COPS8) serves as the cullin deneddylase, regulating the catalytic dynamics of cullin RING ligases (CRLs), the largest family of ubiquitin ligases Background: The COP9 signalosome (CSN) consisting of 8 unique protein subunits (COPS1 through COPS8) serves as the cullin deneddylase, regulating the catalytic dynamics of cullin RING ligases (CRLs), the largest family of ubiquitin ligases. Supported primarily by the decrease of substrate receptor (SR) proteins of CRLs in cells deficient of a CSN subunit, CSN-mediated cullin deneddylation is believed to prevent autoubiquitination and self-destruction of the SR in active CRLs...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837346/genetic-manipulation-of-the-cop9-signalosome-subunit-pfcsne-leads-to-the-discovery-of-pestaloficins-in-pestalotiopsis-fici
#7
Yanjing Zheng, Ke Ma, Haining Lyu, Ying Huang, Hongwei Liu, Ling Liu, Yongsheng Che, Xingzhong Liu, Huixi Zou, Wen-Bing Yin
By deleting the COP9 signalosome subunit PfcsnE from Pestalotiopsis fici, seven compounds that were newly produced by the mutant could be characterized, including five new structures, pestaloficins A-E (1 and 3-6). Pestaloficin A (1) represents a new type of dimeric cyclohexanone derivative linked through an unprecedented pentacyclic spiral ring.
August 24, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744713/genome-wide-analysis-of-gene-expression-profiling-revealed-that-cop9-signalosome-is-essential-for-correct-expression-of-fe-homeostasis-genes-in-arabidopsis
#8
Seckin Eroglu, Emre Aksoy
In plant cells, either excess or insufficient iron (Fe) concentration triggers stress responses, therefore it is strictly controlled. Proteasome-mediated degradation through ubiquitination of Fe homeostasis proteins has just become the focus of research in recent years. Deactivating ubiquitin ligases, COP9 signalosome has a central importance in the translational control of various stress responses. The aim of the study was to investigate COP9 signalosome in Fe deficiency response of Strategy I plants. In silico analysis of a set of Fe-deficiency-responsive genes was conducted against the transcriptome of Arabidopsis csn mutant lines using Genevestigator software...
October 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729662/erratum-the-arabidopsis-cop9-signalosome-subunit-4-csn4-is-involved-in-adventitious-root-formation
#9
Daniel Ioan Pacurar, Monica Lacramioara Pacurar, Abdellah Lakehal, Andrea Mariana Pacurar, Alok Ranjan, Catherine Bellini
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623958/knockdown-of-subunit-3-of-the-cop9-signalosome-inhibits-c2c12-myoblast-differentiation-via-nf-kappab-signaling-pathway
#10
Mariam A Ba, Jeffrey Surina, Cherie A Singer, Maria L Valencik
BACKGROUND: The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex composed of 8 subunits designated CSN1-CSN8. CSN3 represents the third subunit of the CSN and maintains the integrity of the complex. CSN3 binds to the striated muscle-specific β1D integrin tail, and its subcellular localization is altered in differentiated skeletal muscle cells. However, the role of CSN3 in skeletal muscle differentiation is unknown. The main goal of this study was to identify whether CSN3 participates in myoblast differentiation and the signalling mechanisms involved using C2C12 cells as a skeletal muscle cell model...
June 17, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619822/cop9-signalosome-subunits-protect-capicua-from-mapk-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms-of-degradation
#11
Annabelle Suisse, DanQing He, Kevin Legent, Jessica E Treisman
The COP9 signalosome removes Nedd8 modifications from the Cullin subunits of ubiquitin ligase complexes, reducing their activity. Here, we show that mutations in the Drosophila COP9 signalosome subunit 1b (CSN1b) gene increase the activity of ubiquitin ligases that contain Cullin 1. Analysis of CSN1b mutant phenotypes revealed a requirement for the COP9 signalosome to prevent ectopic expression of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) target genes. It does so by protecting Capicua, a transcriptional repressor of EGFR target genes, from EGFR pathway-dependent ubiquitylation by a Cullin 1/SKP1-related A/Archipelago E3 ligase and subsequent proteasomal degradation...
July 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607586/knockdown-of-cops3-inhibits-lung-cancer-tumor-growth-in-nude-mice-by-blocking-cell-cycle-progression
#12
Jianan Pang, Xu Yan, He Cao, Lei Qian, Hua He, Huimin Tian, Fujun Han, Guanjun Wang, Xiao Chen, Yuguang Zhao, Ji-Fan Hu, Jiuwei Cui
COPS3 encodes the third subunit of the COP9 signalosome and its aberrant expression is associated with many RITE ("Region of Increased Tumor Expression") genes in lung cancer tissues. To elucidate the specific role of COPS3 in lung cancer, we examined its expression in lung cancer tissues by immunohistochemical staining. We found that COPS3 was overexpressed in most of the lung cancer samples examined, particularly in small cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. The expression of COPS3 protein was positively correlated with the level of Ki-67 cell proliferation index (p=0...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550524/cop9-signalosome-subunit-pfcsne-regulates-secondary-metabolism-and-conidial-formation-in-pestalotiopsis-fici
#13
Yanjing Zheng, Xiuna Wang, Xiaoling Zhang, Wei Li, Gang Liu, Shihua Wang, Xiufeng Yan, Huixi Zou, Wen-Bing Yin
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a highly conserved multiprotein complex in all eukaryotes and involved in regulation of organism development. In filamentous fungi, several lines of evidence indicate that fungal development and secondary metabolism (SM) are mediated by the fifth subunit of CSN, called CsnE. Here we uncover a connection with CsnE and conidial formation as well as SM regulation in the plant endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis fici. A homology search of the P. fici genome with CsnE, involved in sexual development and SM in Aspergillus nidulans, identified PfCsnE...
May 25, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539160/phosphorylation-of-p53-at-threonine-155-is-required-for-jab1-mediated-nuclear-export-of-p53
#14
Eun-Woo Lee, Wonkyung Oh, Hosung Paul Song, Won Kon Kim
The Jun activation-domain binding protein 1 (Jab1) induces p53 nuclear export and cytoplasmic degradation, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we show that phosphorylation at the threonine 155 residue is essential for Jab1-mediated p53 nuclear export. Jab1 stimulated phosphorylation of p53 at T155 was inhibited by curcumin, an inhibitor of COP9 signalosome (CSN)-associated kinases. The T155E mutant, which mimics phosphorylated p53, exhibited spontaneous cytoplasmic localization in the absence of Jab1...
July 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526399/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-chronic-antidepressant-drug-treatments-in-the-hippocampal-mitochondria-a-proteomic-study-in-an-animal-model-of-depression
#15
Katarzyna Głombik, Aneta Stachowicz, Ewa Trojan, Rafał Olszanecki, Joanna Ślusarczyk, Maciej Suski, Katarzyna Chamera, Bogusława Budziszewska, Władysław Lasoń, Agnieszka Basta-Kaim
Several lines of evidence indicate that adverse experience in early life may be a triggering factor for disturbances in the brain mitochondrial proteins and lead to the development of depression in adulthood. On the other hand, little is known about the impact of chronic administration of various antidepressant drugs on the brain mitochondria, as a target for the pharmacotherapy of depression. The purpose of our study was to compare the impact of chronic treatment with two antidepressant drugs with different mechanisms of action, a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA), imipramine, and an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class, fluoxetine, on the mitochondria-enriched subproteome profile in the hippocampus of 3-month-old male rats following a prenatal stress procedure (an animal model of depression)...
August 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505193/the-drosophila-orthologue-of-the-int6-onco-protein-regulates-mitotic-microtubule-growth-and-kinetochore-structure
#16
Fioranna Renda, Claudia Pellacani, Anton Strunov, Elisabetta Bucciarelli, Valeria Naim, Giuseppe Bosso, Elena Kiseleva, Silvia Bonaccorsi, David J Sharp, Alexey Khodjakov, Maurizio Gatti, Maria Patrizia Somma
INT6/eIF3e is a highly conserved component of the translation initiation complex that interacts with both the 26S proteasome and the COP9 signalosome, two complexes implicated in ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation. The INT6 gene was originally identified as the insertion site of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV), and later shown to be involved in human tumorigenesis. Here we show that depletion of the Drosophila orthologue of INT6 (Int6) results in short mitotic spindles and deformed centromeres and kinetochores with low intra-kinetochore distance...
May 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459440/thiolutin-is-a-zinc-chelator-that-inhibits-the-rpn11-and-other-jamm-metalloproteases
#17
Linda Lauinger, Jing Li, Anton Shostak, Ibrahim Avi Cemel, Nati Ha, Yaru Zhang, Philipp E Merkl, Simon Obermeyer, Nicolas Stankovic-Valentin, Tobias Schafmeier, Walter J Wever, Albert A Bowers, Kyle P Carter, Amy E Palmer, Herbert Tschochner, Frauke Melchior, Raymond J Deshaies, Michael Brunner, Axel Diernfellner
Thiolutin is a disulfide-containing antibiotic and anti-angiogenic compound produced by Streptomyces. Its biological targets are not known. We show that reduced thiolutin is a zinc chelator that inhibits the JAB1/MPN/Mov34 (JAMM) domain-containing metalloprotease Rpn11, a deubiquitinating enzyme of the 19S proteasome. Thiolutin also inhibits the JAMM metalloproteases Csn5, the deneddylase of the COP9 signalosome; AMSH, which regulates ubiquitin-dependent sorting of cell-surface receptors; and BRCC36, a K63-specific deubiquitinase of the BRCC36-containing isopeptidase complex and the BRCA1-BRCA2-containing complex...
July 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423737/rmp-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-through-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-csn2-snail-pathway-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Wei Zhou, Qi Wang, Yi Xu, Jingting Jiang, Jingchun Guo, Huijun Yu, Wenxiang Wei
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a significant risk factor for metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and with poor prognosis. In this study, we demonstrate the key role of RPB5-mediating protein (RMP) in EMT of HCC cells and the mechanism by which RMP promote EMT. RMP increases migration, invasion, and the progress of EMT of HCC cells, which facilitates the accumulation of Snail, a transcriptional repressor involved in EMT initiation. NF-κB is activated by RMP, which directly promotes the expression of COP9 signalosome 2 (CSN2) to repress the degradation of Snail...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377589/the-arabidopsis-cop9-signalosome-subunit-4-cns4-is-involved-in-adventitious-root-formation
#19
Daniel Ioan Pacurar, Monica Lacramioara Pacurar, Abdellah Lakehal, Andrea Mariana Pacurar, Alok Ranjan, Catherine Bellini
The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an evolutionary conserved multiprotein complex that regulates many aspects of plant development by controlling the activity of CULLIN-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs). CRLs ubiquitinate and target for proteasomal degradation a vast number of specific substrate proteins involved in many developmental and physiological processes, including light and hormone signaling and cell division. As a consequence of CSN pleiotropic function, complete loss of CSN activity results in seedling lethality...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292897/inhibition-of-atherogenesis-by-the-cop9-signalosome-subunit-5-in-vivo
#20
Yaw Asare, Miriam Ommer, Florence A Azombo, Setareh Alampour-Rajabi, Marieke Sternkopf, Maryam Sanati, Marion J Gijbels, Corinna Schmitz, Dzmitry Sinitski, Pathricia V Tilstam, Hongqi Lue, André Gessner, Denise Lange, Johannes A Schmid, Christian Weber, Martin Dichgans, Joachim Jankowski, Ruggero Pardi, Menno P J de Winther, Heidi Noels, Jürgen Bernhagen
Constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 (COP9) signalosome 5 (CSN5), an isopeptidase that removes neural precursor cell-expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8 (NEDD8) moieties from cullins (thus termed "deNEDDylase") and a subunit of the cullin-RING E3 ligase-regulating COP9 signalosome complex, attenuates proinflammatory NF-κB signaling. We previously showed that CSN5 is up-regulated in human atherosclerotic arteries. Here, we investigated the role of CSN5 in atherogenesis in vivo by using mice with myeloid-specific Csn5 deletion...
March 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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