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Pertussis purification PT

Zenglan Li, Yan Zhang, Qi Wang, Zhengjun Li, Yongdong Liu, Songping Zhang, Guifeng Zhang, Guanghui Ma, Jian Luo, Zhiguo Su
Development of acellular pertussis vaccine (aPV) requires purification of several components from Bordetella pertussis. While the components pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) have been successfully purified, the third component, pertactin, proves to be a difficult target due to its very low concentration. In order to solve its purification problem, we performed the surface potential analysis with GRASP2 program. The results demonstrated that there are two major charge patches, one negative and one positive, which are located separately on this linear protein...
July 25, 2016: Vaccine
Tie Wu, Jingxiu Bi, Yongdong Huang, Yan Zhang, Lijing Sun, Chunbao Sun, Zhiguo Su
The low recovery of pertussis toxin (PT) and the low resolving efficiency of chromatography, due to the instability of PT in low salt condition, are the main challenges for its purification. We aplied 2 mol/L urea to prevent the aggregation and disassociation of PT during the purification by ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) and gel filtration chromatography (GFC). The effect of urea on the purification of PT was studied by ELISA assay and non-reduced SDS-PAGE. The activity recoveries of PT and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) in IEC and GFC, the resolution efficiency in GFC and the purities of PT and FHA were improved obviously by adding 2 mol/L urea in the mobile phase...
July 2008: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Christopher J Easley, James M Karlinsey, Joan M Bienvenue, Lindsay A Legendre, Michael G Roper, Sanford H Feldman, Molly A Hughes, Erik L Hewlett, Tod J Merkel, Jerome P Ferrance, James P Landers
We describe a microfluidic genetic analysis system that represents a previously undescribed integrated microfluidic device capable of accepting whole blood as a crude biological sample with the endpoint generation of a genetic profile. Upon loading the sample, the glass microfluidic genetic analysis system device carries out on-chip DNA purification and PCR-based amplification, followed by separation and detection in a manner that allows for microliter samples to be screened for infectious pathogens with sample-in-answer-out results in < 30 min...
December 19, 2006: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Erkan Ozcengiz, Kamer Kilinç, Ozlem Büyüktanir, Ayfer Günalp
Pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) were purified from culture supernatant of Bordetella pertussis Saadet and Tohama strains, using CM-Sepharose CL-6B cation-exchange chromatography. By the rapid purification method described here, both proteins were separately eluted from the same column in pure forms. The PT and FHA in the extract of culture supernatant were bounded to CM-Sepharose CL-6B cation-exchange column in 50 mM phosphate buffer containing 2 M urea (Buffer A), pH 6.0. Then the PT was eluted from the column with Buffer A (pH 7...
March 29, 2004: Vaccine
Song F Lee, Scott A Halperin, Jennifer B Knight, Aaron Tait
Acellular pertussis vaccines typically consist of antigens isolated from Bordetella pertussis, and pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) are two prominent components. One of the disadvantages of a multiple-component vaccine is the cost associated with the production of the individual components. In this study, we constructed an in-frame fusion protein consisting of PT fragments (179 amino acids of PT subunit S1 and 180 amino acids of PT subunit S3) and a 456-amino-acid type I domain of FHA...
September 2002: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
G C Sheu, Y Y Wo, C H Lu
Pertussis toxin (PT), a typical A-B oligomer exotoxin of Bordetella pertussis, has been demonstrated to be an essential protective antigen for acellular pertussis vaccine against whooping cough. In order to investigate the associated functionality ascribed to its components, we have purified A and B oligomers for the activity study. The A oligomer (S1 subunit) of PT was expressed in E. coli B834 (DE3) harboring expression vector (pET-20b) with the insert of S1 coding region and purified by metal-chelating column...
August 1997: Zhonghua Minguo Wei Sheng Wu Ji Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
C L Ju, G C Sheu, Y Cheng, C H Lu
Pertussis toxin (PT) is the major protective antigen of acellular pertussis vaccine (aP). We have established an optimal culture condition for the growth of B. pertussis and the production of PT in a laboratory scale fermentor. It was found that when the dissolved oxygen in medium was supplied with pure oxygen instead of air, the yield of PT was dramatically increased (i.e. from 2-3 mg/l using air to 8-10 mg/l using pure oxygen). PT was purified by affinity chromatography using hydroxyapatite and fetuin-sepharose columns...
May 1997: Zhonghua Minguo Wei Sheng Wu Ji Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
H Watanabe, K Kanbe, M Chigira
We have previously shown that a protein-independent growing fibrosarcoma, Gc-4 PF has a high motile response to its cultured medium, which is associated with an increase in expression of gp78, a cell surface receptor for autocrine motility factor (AMF). Here we show that the cultured medium contains two motile activities, acidic and basic AMFs with regard to binding features on ion exchange chromatography. These two AMFs were purified by sequential DEAE anion exchange, CM cation exchange, and gel filtration chromatographies...
March 1994: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
P Askelöf, M Granström, P Gillenius, A A Lindberg
The fimbrial haemagglutinin (F-HA) of Bordetella pertussis grown on solid medium was extracted with 1M sodium acetate for 72 h at 20 degree C, and partially purified by Sephacryl S-300 gel chromatography. A pooled fraction with fimbrial haemmagglutinating activity was shown to contain fimbriae haemagglutinating activity was shown to contain fimbriae of the expected morphology by electron microscopy. Chemical and biological assays showed that the F-HA fraction contained some heat-labile agglutinogen and lipopolysaccharide but no measureable lymphocytosis-promoting factor or heat-labile toxin...
February 1982: Journal of Medical Microbiology
L Z Aleksandrova, E A Baeva, E V Glinskaia, A V Auzinia, E A El'nitskaia
The similarity of the heterogeneous antigens, types A and B, of human red blood cells to the most of B. pertussis strains constituting the pertussis component of commercial batches of adsorbed DPT vaccine has been established. This property makes the vaccine strains different from B. pertussis isolated from pertussis patients. One of the reasons of the insufficient effectiveness of immunization against pertussis has been determined: the intensity of immune response depends on the antigenic heterogeneity of the pertussis component of the vaccine and the AB0 group factors in the blood of the vaccinees...
June 1982: Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii
K H Wong, S K Skelton
A new, practical method for determining antibody to pertussis toxin (PT) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for public health and clinical laboratories is possible because of recent advances in understanding the pathobiology of Bordetella pertussis and the physicochemical properties of PT. The new approach does not require the use of highly purified PT antigen, which is difficult and expensive for most laboratories to obtain. Moreover, it employs only reagents that are commercially readily available. The method combines the purification of PT antigen and an assay for PT antibody into one process...
July 1988: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
M Chazono, I Yoshida, T Konobe, K Fukai
An acellular pertussis vaccine manufactured by Biken was investigated for purity, potency and toxicity. The vaccine was composed of almost equal proportions of pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA). The purity of the vaccine was 97-99%. The protective effects of component vaccines containing various ratios of PT and FHA were tested and it was found that the ratio of 1:1 provided the most effective vaccine.
April 1988: Journal of Biological Standardization
P Ibsen, I Heron
The quantitation of pertussis toxin (PT) in two sandwich ELISAs was tested for specificity. The detection of the captured PT was obtained by using either polyspecific rabbit anti Bordetella pertussis serum (RaBp-ELISA) or a monoclonal anti-PT antibody (McaPT-ELISA). No major differences in the estimation of PT in highly purified preparations were noted using either ELISA variants. In contrast, the quantitation of PT in crude extracts of B. pertussis cultures by the RaBp-ELISA was found to be over-estimated and showed greater variability when compared to the McaPT-ELISA...
April 1990: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
S K Skelton, K H Wong
Two major antigens of Bordetella pertussis, filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and pertussis toxin (PT), were efficiently purified from culture filtrate by exploiting their relative hydrophobicities and differences in affinity to sialic acid-containing protein. High yields of FHA (40 to 80 mg/liter) and PT (8 to 16 mg/liter) were first produced by growing the bacteria in the modified CL medium. The FHA and PT in the culture filtrate were adsorbed onto butyl-Sepharose by hydrophobic interaction at appropriately high ionic strength...
May 1990: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
J L Gould-Kostka, D L Burns, M J Brennan, C R Manclark
A purification scheme was devised for a 69-kDa outer membrane protein of Bordetella pertussis, a virulence-associated protein which may play a role in the pathogenesis of the organism. The protein was purified to apparent homogeneity by heating B. pertussis cells for 1 h at 60 degrees C followed by DEAE-Sepharose and Affi-Gel Blue chromatography. Antibodies found in sera obtained from patients diagnosed as having pertussis reacted with this protein. This purification scheme should be useful for the production of the 69 kDa protein which is currently being evaluated as a pertussis vaccine candidate...
February 1990: FEMS Microbiology Letters
P Saris, S Taira, U Airaksinen, A Palva, M Sarvas, I Palva, K Runeberg-Nyman
Pertussis toxin (PT) is a major component of today's acellular whooping cough vaccines. The use of acellular vaccines is predicted to increase sharply in the near future. There is therefore a need to produce PT in a way that makes its purification as easy as possible. Our approach was to express all five PT subunits individually in Bacillus subtilis. We have used vectors containing the promoter and signal sequences of the alpha-amylase gene of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens followed by an insert encoding the appropriate PT-subunit...
March 1, 1990: FEMS Microbiology Letters
R Magnusson, U Larsson, T Bartfai, P Askelöf
Pertussis toxin (PT), preactivated with 20 mm dithiothreitol (DTT), was incubated with different serum dilutions (1/10-1/200) before addition to the reaction mixture. Final concentrations of the reagents were: PT (50 ng/ml), dithiothreitol (DTT)(less than or equal to 0.3 mM), bovine transducin (2 micrograms/ml), ATP (1 mM). GTP (1 mM), lysophosphatidylcholine (LTC) (0.1 mg/ml), sodium acetate (NaAc) (0.1 M), Tris-HCl, pH 7.1 (0.06 M) and 32P-NAD+ (10 microCi 28 Ci/mM). The reaction was stopped by precipitation with 10% TCA (w/v), the pellet was collected and the samples were submitted to SDS-PAGE followed by autoradiography...
January 1991: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
L U Tan, R E Fahim, G Jackson, K Phillips, P Wah, D Alkema, G Zobrist, A Herbert, L Boux, P Chong
A novel process for preparing non-pyrogenic toxoids of pertussis toxin (PT) and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) is described. The process consists of chromatographies on perlite then on hydroxylapatite. Purification yields for PT and FHA are 62 and 68%, respectively. The purification process takes advantage of the novel use of perlite (a filter aid) for the simultaneous purification of PT and FHA. The hydroxylapatite, in addition to removing the remaining contaminants, also concentrates the antigens. The resulting PT and FHA are approximately 95% pure, and are non-pyrogenic as judged by the rabbit pyrogen test...
March 1991: Molecular Immunology
J P Himanen, T Hyvärinen, R M Olander, K Runeberg-Nyman, M Sarvas
The subunit S1 of pertussis toxin (PT) was purified as the recombinant product BacS1 from the culture supernatant of a Bacillus subtilis strain containing a secretion vector with a DNA fragment coding for the mature subunit S1 inserted downstream of the signal sequence of the alpha-amylase gene. The method of purification was successive ion exchange and adsorption chromatography. BacS1 occurred in two forms (28 and 20 kDa) of which the truncated 20-kDa peptide was the main one in the supernatant. The truncated BacS1 was purified and shown to have the same NH2-terminus as the full-size (28 kDa) BacS1...
March 15, 1991: FEMS Microbiology Letters
A Ginnaga, K Morokuma, S Furukawa, T Shigaki, N Katsuki, K Aihara, T Oka, M Sakoh, C Tamura, A Imaizumi
The heat-treated apoceruloplasmin (Apocp) is a useful protein as an affinity ligand for the purification of pertussis toxin (PT). The amounts of Apocp in the purified antigens or the pertussis component vaccine were determined. Anti-Apocp antibodies were not detected by the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) test in rats. No anti-Apocp antibody was detected after hyperimmunization of rabbits with the vaccine. Apocp was not detected in PT and filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) by ELISA using rabbit anti-Apocp IgG...
1991: Developments in Biological Standardization
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