Read by QxMD icon Read


Ina Rudloff, Steven X Cho, Jason C Lao, Devi Ngo, Matthew McKenzie, Claudia A Nold-Petry, Marcel F Nold
The interleukin (IL)-1 family member IL-37 is one of few anti-inflammatory cytokines, and it is capable of countering a broad spectrum of proinflammatory assaults. Although it is known that leukocytes are a major source of IL-37, knowledge on IL-37 production and secretion in specific immune cell types remains limited. Thus, we investigated IL-37 mRNA expression as well as protein production and secretion in human PBMCs. In PBMCs stimulated with agonists of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 1-6 and 9, IL1F7 (the IL-37-encoding gene) was induced up to 9-fold, peaked at 6-8 h and returned to steady-state at 72 h...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Ayoub Abulkhir, Suzanne Samarani, Devendra Amre, Michel Duval, Elie Haddad, Daniel Sinnett, Jean-Marie Leclerc, Caroline Diorio, Ali Ahmad
IL-37 is a cytokine belonging to the IL-1 family. Although discovered in silico in 2000, significant advances in the understanding of its biology were made only in recent years. It is a member of the family with potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. It is produced as a precursor without a classic signal peptide. The precursor is cleaved into mature form in the cytoplasm by caspase-1. A small fraction of the cleaved IL-37 binds SMAD-3, translocates to the nucleus, and suppresses transcription of several proinflammatory genes...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Daiju Hu
Asthma is a chronic airway inflammation that is characterized by intense eosinophil infiltrates, mucus hypersecretion, airway remodeling, and airway hyperresponsiveness. Interleukin (IL)-35 and IL-37 are two cytokines with anti-inflammatory effects found in immune response. Recent findings suggested that expressions of IL-35 and IL-37 are abnormal in asthma. Functional analysis further confirmed the important roles of them in the pathogenesis of asthma. The present study reviewed the updated evidence indicating the roles of IL-35 and IL-37 in asthma...
November 23, 2016: Inflammation
Lei Liu, Yu Xue, Yingfeng Zhu, Dandan Xuan, Xue Yang, Minrui Liang, Juan Wang, Xiaoxia Zhu, Jiong Zhang, Hejian Zou
BACKGROUND: Interleukin (IL)-37 has emerged as a fundamental inhibitor of innate immunity. Acute gout is a self-limiting inflammatory response to monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. In the current study, we assessed the preventive and therapeutic effect of recombinant human IL-37 (rhIL-37) in human and murine gout models. METHODS: We investigated the expression of IL-37 in patients with active and inactive gouty arthritis and assessed the effect of rhIL-37 in human and murine gout models: a human monocyte cell line (THP-1) and human synovial cells (containing macrophage-like and fibroblast-like synoviocytes) exposed to MSU crystals, a peritoneal murine model of gout and a murine gouty arthritis model...
November 18, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Rui Liu, Chengyong Tang, Ai Shen, Huating Luo, Xufu Wei, Daofeng Zheng, Chao Sun, Zhongtang Li, Di Zhu, Tingting Li, Zhongjun Wu
IL-37 has been characterized as a fundamental inhibitor of innate immunity and a tumor suppressor in several cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of IL-37 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is largely unclear. In this study we found IL-37 expression was down-regulated in human HCC tissues and cell lines, and was negatively correlated with tumor size, vascular invasion, as well as overall-survial and disease-free survival (OS and DFS) of HCC. Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that IL-37 was an independent prognostic indicator for OS and DFS in HCC...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Areum Kwak, Youngmin Lee, Hyunwoo Kim, Soohyun Kim
The interleukin (IL)-1 family is the largest family of interleukins. Eleven members of the IL-1 family of ligands are intracellular molecules, except a single isoform of an IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra; also known as IL-1RN), which contains a signal peptide at the N-terminus for effective secretion. The inflammasome is a complex of intracellular molecules that is responsible for the processing of IL-1β and IL-18, whereas the remaining IL-1 family members, including IL-1α, are processed in an inflammasome caspase-1-independent pathway...
November 9, 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Mengmeng Zhao, Yongguang Hu, Juanjuan Shou, Shao Bo Su, Jianhua Yang, Tianshu Yang
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive intracellular bacterium that was transmitted through contaminated food and causes sepsis and even death. IL-37 has been described as an important anti-inflammatory factor, but little is known about the function of IL-37 in host defense against Liseria monocytogenes (Lm) infection. In mice model of systemic infection, we found that mice treated with IL-37 were more sensitive to Lm infection compared with PBS-treated mice. This reduced resistance to Lm in IL-37-treated mice is accompanied with increased bacterial burden and liver damage...
November 2, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Zun-Chang Li, Ming-Dong Sun, Yong-Qing Zheng, Hong-Jie Fu
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis plays a significant role in complex inflammatory and angiogenic processes and is also involved in multiple myeloma (MM) pathogenesis. IL-37 is a proinflammatory cytokine in antitumor activity. Our purpose was to evaluate the IL-37 clinical significance on MM. MATERIAL AND METHODS We measured serum levels of IL-37 in 45 patients with different stages of MM and 30 healthy control subjects and correlated IL-37 with numerous cytokines, such as angiogenesis factors including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiotensin-2 (Ang-2)...
November 3, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Vivi A Ding, Ziwen Zhu, Alyse A Mantz, Huaping Xiao, Mark R Wakefield, Qian Bai, Yujiang Fang
IL-37 is a newly discovered cytokine belonging to IL-1 family consisting of 11 members, which have similar β-barrel structures and associate with Ig-like receptors. Extensive studies have been done with IL-37 since its discovery. These studies suggest that IL-37 does not only play a role in tumorigenesis, but also has anti-inflammatory properties in immune responses through the down regulation of pro-inflammatory molecules. We have previously reviewed the role of IL-37 in cancer. Here, we will focus on the role of IL-37 in non-cancerous Diseases...
October 27, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Handan Tan, Bolin Deng, Hongsong Yu, Yi Yang, Lin Ding, Qi Zhang, Jieying Qin, Aize Kijlstra, Rui Chen, Peizeng Yang
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and the IL-1 receptor (IL-1R) family play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL-1 and IL-1R family genes with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) and Behcet's disease (BD) in Han Chinese. The case-control study was divided into two stages and included 419 VKH cases, 1063 BD cases and 1872 healthy controls. The MassARRAY platform (Sequenom), iPLEX Gold Assay and TaqMan SNP assays were used to score genotypes of 24 SNPs...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Gamal Allam, Imad A A Mohamed, Khaled A Alswat, Said H Abbadi, Raad Nassif, Bader J Alharthi, Amre Nasr
Tuberculosis (TB) considers one of the most common infectious diseases all over the world. IL-37, a novel member of the IL-1 family, exhibits anti-inflammatory activities. Various cytokine genes polymorphisms have been reported to be associated with susceptibility to TB infection. However, association between genetic variations in the IL-37 gene with susceptibility to TB infection is not known. Therefore, the aim of this investigation was to identify the association of IL-37 genetic polymorphisms with TB infection in Saudi population...
October 20, 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
M Zeinali, A Hadian Amree, H Khorramdelazad, H Karami, M Abedinzadeh
Varicocele is one of causes of the declined sperm quality and low sperm production, which can lead to infertility in males. There are several experimental and epidemiological findings which support the idea that inflammatory mechanisms play an essential role in varicocele pathogenesis. Besides, in this pathological state, interleukin-37 (IL-37) as an anti-inflammatory cytokine is able to bind interleukin-18-binding protein (IL-18BP), and subsequently binds IL-18 receptor β, inhibiting the pro-inflammatory activity of IL-18...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Jack Godsell, Ina Rudloff, Rangi Kandane-Rathnayake, Alberta Hoi, Marcel F Nold, Eric F Morand, James Harris
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the development of autoantibodies to nuclear antigens and inflammatory responses mediated by multiple cytokines. Although previous studies have determined clinical associations between SLE and the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and IL-37, their role in the disease, or their potential as biomarkers, remains unclear. We examined serum levels of IL-10 and IL-37 in a large cohort of SLE patients, with detailed longitudinal clinical data...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jun-Ai Zhang, Gan-Bin Liu, Bi-Ying Zheng, Yuan-Bin Lu, Yu-Chi Gao, Xiao-Zhen Cai, You-Chao Dai, Shi-Yan Yu, Yan Jia, Chen Chen, Ze-Gang Zhuang, Xin Wang, Wan-Dang Wang, Xiao-Xia Fu, Lai-Long Yi, Ling Shen, Zheng W Chen, Jun-Fa Xu
Roles of human IL-37 in infections remain poorly characterized. Although plasma IL-37 is elevated in patients with tuberculosis (TB), IL-37 source and immune correlate in TB have not been investigated. It is also unknown whether and how TB can influence the ability of immune cells to mount innate responses of IL-37 and pre-inflammatory cytokines. Here, we demonstrated that IL-37b-producing monocytes coincided with a source of elevated plasma IL-37b in TB patients. While IL-37b production in TB was associated with prolonged/complicated TB, TB burdens and inflammatory reactions, it negatively correlated with immune responses of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α or IL-10...
September 27, 2016: Molecular Immunology
Jingjing Yan, Yuling Zhang, Shimeng Cheng, Bin Kang, Jinbiao Peng, Xiaodan Zhang, Meichun Yuan, Wenqi Chu, Wen Zhang, Jiayin Shen, Shuye Zhang
Interleukin-37 (IL-37) is an inhibitory member of the IL-1 family of cytokines. We previously found that balanced selection maintains common variations of the human IL37 gene. However, the functional consequences of this selection have yet to be validated. Here, using cells expressing exogenous IL-37 variants, including IL-37 Ref and IL-37 Var1 and Var2, we found that the three variants of IL-37 exhibited different immunoregulatory potencies in response to immune stimulation. The protein level of IL-37 Var2 was found to be significantly less than that of IL-37 Ref or Var1, despite the comparable mRNA levels of all three variants...
September 26, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Giulio Cavalli, Marije Koenders, Vassili Kalabokis, Jihye Kim, Aik Choon Tan, Cecilia Garlanda, Alberto Mantovani, Lorenzo Dagna, Leo A B Joosten, Charles A Dinarello
OBJECTIVES: The IL-1 family member IL-37 was recently characterized as a fundamental inhibitor of innate inflammation. We investigated the effects of recombinant IL-37 in joint inflammation and joint pathology in a mouse model of arthritis. In addition, we explored the potential for therapeutic use in human joint inflammation. METHODS: Wild-type mice were treated systemically with a recombinant form of the naturally occurring human IL-37, and then the knee joints were injected with streptococcal cell wall fragments; joint inflammation, synovial cytokine concentrations and histology were evaluated after 24 h...
August 26, 2016: Rheumatology
Anissa Berraïes, Besma Hamdi, Jamel Ammar, Kamel Hamzaoui, Agnès Hamzaoui
OBJECTIVE: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) plays a role in amplifying the inflammatory response in asthmatics. TSLP is also a critical factor in airway remodeling airways. The aim of this study was to assess the expression of TSLP in induced sputum from asthmatic children and to look to the impact of TNF-α and IL-37 on TSLP production in induced sputum from asthmatic children. METHODS: Forty children with well-controlled asthma (20 moderate and 20 mild asthmatics) were studied...
October 2016: Immunology Letters
Yu-Hua Chen, Bi-Yun Zhou, Xian-Jing Wu, Jun-Fa Xu, Jun-Ai Zhang, Yong-Hua Chen, Si-Si Liang
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of CC chemokine ligand 22 (CCL22) and interleukin-37 (IL-37) on the proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells. pDsRed-CCL22 and pEGFP-IL-37 plasmids were constructed. A549 cells were divided into six groups: the control, the pDsRed-N1 blank plasmid, the pEGFP-C1 blank plasmid, the pDsRed-CCL22 plasmid, the pEGFP‑IL-37 plasmid and the pDsRed-CCL22 + pEGFP-IL-37 plasmid group. Expression levels and localization of CCL22 and IL-37 in cells were detected by confocal microscopy...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Kunwu Yu, Xiaohong Min, Yingzhong Lin, Ying Huang, Song Huang, Ling Liu, Yudong Peng, Kai Meng, Dazhu Li, Qingwei Ji, Qiutang Zeng
BACKGROUND: Our previous study indicates that IL-37 plays a critical role in both atherosclerosis and arterial calcification. However, whether IL-37 concentrations are significantly changed in patients with arterial calcification has not yet been investigated. METHODS: Anterior tibial arterial wall specimens were obtained from 8 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 8 patients who experienced a traffic accident. IL-37 expression was measured by immunohistochemistry in the calcified and the normal samples...
October 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
J Huang, F L Hou, A Y Zhang, Z L Li
As an anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-37 (IL-37) provides certain protective effects against inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Recent reports indicate that IL-37 is expressed in foam cells of atherosclerotic plaques in both the coronary and carotid arteries of humans, suggesting the possible involvement of IL-37 in the pathogenesis and progression of atherosclerosis. Current evidence supports the protective role that IL-37 plays against atherosclerosis via the regulation of different subtypes of macrophage...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"