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Healthy eating

Zhiping Yu, Natalie Arce Indelicato, Paul Fuglestad, Michael Tan, Lindsay Bane, Caitlin Stice
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess sex differences and weight status differences in disordered eating behaviors (DEB) and food addiction (FA) along with their co-occurrence among college students. Self-reported demographic and weight information, the Eating Attitude Test (EAT-26), and Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) were collected from 965 college students. Participants included 703 (72.8%) female, 720 (74.8%) white, and ranged in age from 18 to 25 years old. Female college students had a significantly higher prevalence of DEB (11...
June 20, 2018: Appetite
Márton Kiss-Leizer, Adrien Rigó
PURPOSE: Our aim was to measure the personality profile of people with high orthorexic tendency using an assessment method which is acknowledged in the research of the classical eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: In our research, 739 participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire consisting of two measures: Temperament and Character Inventory-56 (TCI-56) and Ortho-11-Hu. RESULTS: The orthorexia nervosa (ON) grouping variable has a significant effect on three factors of TCI: MANOVA revealed higher harm avoidance (F (2, 736) = 19...
June 22, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Laura Saez, Karine Legrand, Camille Alleyrat, Serge Ramisasoa, Johanne Langlois, Laurent Muller, Abdou Yacoubou Omorou, Rozenn De Lavenne, Joëlle Kivits, Edith Lecomte, Serge Briançon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of an innovative peer intervention promoting healthy eating and physical activity, which purposefully selected peer facilitators according to socioeconomic status to target less-advantaged overweight receivers. SETTING: Nine high schools, two middle schools. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and fifty-six adolescents were approached to become facilitators, of whom 18 were trained. Thirty-two of 56 potential receivers agreed to participate...
June 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Terence Tong, Anna Rangan, Luke Gemming
Breakfast is an important contributor to the daily dietary intake of children. This study investigated the nutritional composition of ready to eat (RTE) children’s breakfast cereals, which display fictional cartoon characters and themes, compared to other cereals available in Australia. Nutrient content claims on packaging were also examined. Data were collected from RTE breakfast cereal packages ( N = 347) from four major supermarkets in Sydney. Cereals were classified based on product type and promotional information displayed...
June 21, 2018: Children
Barbara A Fowler, Joyce Newman Giger
Numerous researchers have examined the serious consequences of food insecurity and food deserts affecting the nutritional health of poor or low-income African-American women and their families. Food insecurity is defined as having limited or uncertain capacityfor acquiring sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet one's dietary needs, while food deserts refer to economically and socially-deprived inner city areas with inadequate food supply that are often inhabited by low-income groups. Researchers have found that despite the capacity of community-level resources such as SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) and WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) supporting healthy nutrition, food insecurity persists among some recipients of both nutritional resources...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
Mary J Christoph, Nicole Larson, Katie C Hootman, Jonathan M Miller, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, consumer demand for gluten-free products has increased, but little is known about the public health impact of and factors correlated with valuing gluten-free food. OBJECTIVE: Describe the sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics of young adults valuing gluten-free as an important food attribute, and compare their dietary intake with other young adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey data collected in 2015 to 2016 as part of the fourth wave of the Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) cohort study...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Sally H Adams, M Jane Park, Lauren Twietmeyer, Claire D Brindis, Charles E Irwin
PURPOSE: Despite decades of emphasizing the delivery of adolescent preventive care visits and evidence that many preventive services reduce risk, little evidence links preventive visits to increased preventive service delivery. This study examined whether a preventive healthcare visit versus any nonpreventive healthcare visit was associated with higher rates of adolescent and young adult preventive services. METHODS: Analyzed Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data (2013-2015) to determine whether those with a preventive versus nonpreventive healthcare visit had higher rates of past-year preventive services receipt; adolescents (N = 8,474, ages 10-17) and young adults (N = 5,732, ages 18-25)...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Gang Liu, Yanping Li, Yang Hu, Geng Zong, Shanshan Li, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu, JoAnn E Manson, Kathryn M Rexrode, Hyun Joon Shin, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Evidence is limited regarding the impact of healthy lifestyle practices on the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events among patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of an overall healthy lifestyle, defined by eating a high-quality diet (top two-fifths of Alternative Healthy Eating Index), nonsmoking, engaging in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (≥150 min/week), and drinking alcohol in moderation (5 to 15 g/day for women and 5 to 30 g/day for men), with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
June 26, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Gabriela Arandia, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Elva M Arredondo, Mercedes R Carnethon, Alan M Delamater, Linda C Gallo, Carmen R Isasi, Ashley N Marchante, David Pritchard, Linda Van Horn, Krista M Perreira
BACKGROUND: Acculturation among Hispanic/Latinos has been linked to deteriorating dietary quality that may contribute to obesity risks. This study examined the relationship between acculturation, ethnic identity, and dietary quality in U.S. Hispanic/Latino youth. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1298 Hispanic/Latino youth ages 8-16 from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (HCHS/SOL Youth), an ancillary study of offspring of participants in the adult HCHS/SOL cohort...
June 18, 2018: Appetite
L S Donnelly, R L Shaw, M Pegington, C J Armitage, D G Evans, A Howell, M N Harvie
BACKGROUND: Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 13 women aged 39-62 years, who followed a 4-month intermittent energy restriction (2 days of low energy/low carbohydrate, 5 days of healthy eating)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
K-L Holmes, M E Rollo, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Childhood nutrition is important in optimising growth, development and future health. The present study compared dietary intakes of Australian children aged 4-8 years with (i) Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) food group recommendations and (ii) age-specific Nutrient Reference Values (NRVs), in addition to (iii) describing food group intakes of children meeting key NRVs. METHODS: Data were obtained from a representative sample of children (n = 789) from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey between May 2011 and June 2012...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
S Pamela K Shiao, James Grayson, Amanda Lie, Chong Ho Yu
To personalize nutrition, the purpose of this study was to examine five key genes in the folate metabolism pathway, and dietary parameters and related interactive parameters as predictors of colorectal cancer (CRC) by measuring the healthy eating index (HEI) in multiethnic families. The five genes included methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase ( MTHFR ) 677 and 1298, methionine synthase ( MTR ) 2756, methionine synthase reductase ( MTRR 66), and dihydrofolate reductase ( DHFR ) 19bp , and they were used to compute a total gene mutation score...
June 20, 2018: Nutrients
Elaine Fernanda Dornelas de Souza, Maria do Carmo Souza Soares, Sueyla Ferreira da Silva Dos Santos, Thais Reis Silva de Paulo, Maria Verinize Santos Brandão, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior
OBJECTIVE: This experience report presents the construction of the theoretical and logic model for intervention to promote physical activity and healthy eating habits of the public schools students in the city of Parintins, Amazonas, Brazil. METHOD: We carried out a theoretical research and also a documentary research on the School Health Program (PSE - Programa Saúde na Escola) on the national and local level, in addition to meetings with the PSE management committee for strategic planning of the actions...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Michelle Queally, Edel Doherty, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Elaine Toomey, John Cullinan, Janas M Harrington, Patricia M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Maternal recognition of overweight/obesity during early childhood is a key determinant in achieving healthy weight status in children. The aim of this study is to 1) investigate maternal perceptions of their child weight, focusing on whether or not mothers accurately identify if their child is overweight or obese at three years old and five years old; 2) identify the factors influencing maternal misperceptions regarding their child's weight at three years old and five years old, 3) ascertain if a failure to recognize overweight/obesity at three years old is associated with the likelihood of doing so at five years old...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
J A Schultz, V L Collie-Akers, S B Fawcett, W J Strauss, J Nagaraja, A J Landgraf, K L McIver, S A Weber, S S Arteaga, L C Nebeling, S M Rauzon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about whether characteristics of communities are associated with differential implementation of community programmes and policies to promote physical activity and healthy eating. This study examines associations between community characteristics (e.g. region and race/ethnicity) and the intensity of community programmes and policies implemented to prevent childhood obesity. It explores whether community characteristics moderate the intensity of community efforts to prevent childhood obesity...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Ashraful Kabir, Shahgahan Miah, Asraful Islam
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, Bangladesh has made substantial progress in improving higher education, and in part, this was achieved by promoting residence based higher education in public universities. University residency is considered a crucial period for students to develop healthy eating habits and adopt nutritious intake, which comprise a strong foundation for good health throughout life. Although, there is extensive literature on eating behaviors and dietary intake internationally, there appears to be relatively scarce research and analysis concerning Bangladesh...
2018: PloS One
Suzanne M M Zaremba, Iain F Gow, Sandra Drummond, Jane T McCluskey, Robert E Steinert
There is evidence that oat β-glucan lowers appetite and ad libitum eating; however, not all studies are consistent, and the underpinning mechanisms are not entirely understood. We investigated the effects of 4 g high molecular weight (MW) oat β-glucan on ad libitum eating, subjective appetite, glycemia, insulinemia and plasma GLP-1 responses in 33 normal-weight subjects (22 female/11 male, mean age (y): 26.9 ± 1.0, BMI (kg/m2 ): 23.5 ± 0.4). The study followed a randomised double-blind, cross-over design with subjects fed two test breakfasts with and without oat β-glucan followed by an ad libitum test meal on two different days...
June 16, 2018: Appetite
Nanette V Lopez, Susan Schembre, Britni R Belcher, Sydney O'Connor, Jaclyn P Maher, Reout Arbel, Gayla Margolin, Genevieve F Dunton
Parents exert a strong influence on their children's diet. While authoritative parenting style is linked to healthier weight and dietary outcomes in children, and authoritarian and permissive parenting styles with unhealthy eating, little is known about the mechanisms that mediate these relationships. Feeding styles are often examined in relation to child diet, but they do not consider the social and physical environmental contexts in which dietary behaviors occur. Therefore, this study examined whether parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive) were associated with three specific food-related parenting practices - mealtime structural practices (e...
June 16, 2018: Appetite
Benedetta Cappellini, Vicki Harman, Elizabeth Parsons
This study investigates how mothers respond to school surveillance of their children's packed lunches. In a context where increasing attention is focused on healthy eating, we adopt a biopedagogical approach to illustrate different positions and strategies which mothers occupy in relation to feeding their children in the school setting. We use photo-elicitation interviews and focus groups to trace both the discursive and practical significance of these biopedagogies. We find that the subjective experiences of feeding children at school are infused with classed notions of mothering in public...
June 19, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Merav Peled, Adi Enoch-Levy, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between general ability of mentalization, the specific aspect of affective mentalizing of self and others, emotion regulation strategies, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-five female adolescent and young adult inpatients with EDs, and 22 healthy subjects, were administered a semi-structured interview - the Reflective Function (RF) scale, self-rating scales assessing alexithymia, emotion regulation, depression and ED symptomatology, and a neurocognitive measure assessing Theory of Mind...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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