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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665730/comparative-assessment-and-suitability-of-iron-and-the-nutritional-composition-of-fortified-foods-for-young-children
#1
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665478/developing-an-obesity-intervention-in-micronesia-from-needs-assessment-to-planning
#2
Ann Futterman Collier, Suzanne Daiss, Everlynn Temengil, Samantha Cody Russell, Julia Caroline Miller, Fumiana M Renguul
Evidence-based obesity reduction programs in the Pacific are scarce to nonexistent. Using a community-based participatory research model (CBPR) we developed a collaboration between our university and a small Pacific Island nation. We established an advisory council of local stakeholders and then conducted an extensive needs assessment with youth, parents, professionals, and lay public. Only 9% of participants had tried a weight loss program. There was a strong tendency to engage in binge-eating cycles; difficulty eating healthy during frequent community celebrations with few healthy food options available in general; and limited traditions that involved physical activity...
April 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665460/emotional-intelligence-anxiety-and-emotional-eating-a-deeper-insight-into-a-recently-reported-association
#3
Leehu Zysberg
Recent studies reported a negative association between emotional intelligence (EI: defined here as individual predispositions associated with effective identification and regulation of emotions) and emotional eating. Although theory provides some insights into how the concept represents mechanisms that may serve as protective factors, empirical evidence of the mechanism behind the association has yet to be presented. This study tested a proposed model in which anxiety levels mediate the association between emotional intelligence and emotional-eating patterns in a normative sample of women in Israel...
April 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664975/estimation-of-unobservable-selection-effects-in-on-line-surveys-through-propensity-score-matching-an-application-to-public-acceptance-of-healthy-eating-policies
#4
Sara Capacci, Mario Mazzocchi, Sergio Brasini
The use of model-based propensity scores as matching tools opens the way to the indirect estimation of mode-related measurement effects and selection effects in web surveys, including a component of selection that cannot be traced back to observable characteristics. By matching and comparing respondents from real independent surveys that use the same questionnaire, but different administration modes, it becomes possible to isolate the selection effect induced by unobservable (or unobserved) respondent characteristics...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663977/development-and-testing-of-the-church-environment-audit-tool
#5
Andrew T Kaczynski, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Nathan A Peters, Caroline G Dunn, Sara Wilcox, Melinda Forthofer
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we describe development and reliability testing of a novel tool to evaluate the physical environment of faith-based settings pertaining to opportunities for physical activity (PA) and healthy eating (HE). METHODS: Tool development was a multistage process including a review of similar tools, stakeholder review, expert feedback, and pilot testing. Final tool sections included indoor opportunities for PA, outdoor opportunities for PA, food preparation equipment, kitchen type, food for purchase, beverages for purchase, and media...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663976/factors-related-to-weight-gain-loss-among-emerging-adults-with-obesity
#6
Ping H Johnson, James J Annesi
OBJECTIVES: We examined the reasons for weight gain and barriers to weight loss among emerging adults with obesity. METHODS: Eighty-one female undergraduate students with obesity completed 4-open ended questions in 2015-2016. Qualitative responses were analyzed using NVivo 11 Pro software. RESULTS: Most participants experienced weight gain prior to attending college. The most commonly reported reasons for weight gain include a lack of ability to control one's behaviors or overcome barriers (ie, poor eating habits, lack of physical activity, lack of time, easy access to food), emotional/mental health issues, physical health, and influence of significant others...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662966/healthy-eating-index-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#7
Mahbobeh Sadat Hosseini, Alireza Dizavi, Hosein Rostami, Karim Parastouei, Saeed Esfandiari
Background: Despite many effort to identify and control the factors involved in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), there are no available reports indicating the association of healthy eating index (HEI) and PCOS. Objective: The present study has been conducted to examine the relationship between HEI and PCOS. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, the study population comprised 297 women aged 20-40 yr referred to Baqiyatallah Hospital Clinics, Tehran, Iran in two groups: case group (n=99) and control group (n=198)...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662012/influence-of-highly-accessible-urban-food-environment-on-weight-management-a-qualitative-study-in-seoul
#8
Nan-He Yoon, Seunghyun Yoo, Soonman Kwon
We explored the characteristics of the food environment and its influence on weight management in Seoul, Korea. Photo elicitation interviews were conducted with 73 participants who took three photographs per topic related to their food environment and discussed these photographs in groups. Through thematic analysis, we identified four themes concerning participants' perceptions of the food environment and weight management: (1) "convenience comes first," (2) "tempting food environment," (3) "alcohol and anju ," and (4) "burden of individual effort to manage weight...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661995/greater-glycaemic-response-to-an-oral-glucose-load-in-healthy-lean-active-and-young-chinese-adults-compared-to-matched-caucasians
#9
Trevor Simper, Caroline Dalton, David Broom, Waleed Ibrahim, Lingjin Li, Charles Bankole, Sisi Chen
There are ethnic differences recorded in glycaemic response and rates of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) between Chinese and Caucasian populations. Whether these differences are evident in matched healthy, lean, active, young adults is unclear. This study compares the postprandial glycaemic response of a group of Chinese participants ( n = 49) with a group of similar Caucasians, ( n = 48) aged 23.8 (±4.35 years), body mass index (BMI) 22.7 (±2.6) kg/m², healthy (free from non-communicable disease), and lean (body fat % 23...
April 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660198/food-advertising-on-australian-television-frequency-duration-and-monthly-pattern-of-advertising-from-a-commercial-network-four-channels-for-the-entire-2016
#10
Lisa G Smithers, Dandara G Haag, Benjamin Agnew, John Lynch, Matthew Sorell
AIM: To estimate the frequency, duration and monthly pattern of discretionary food advertising on Australian free-to-air television. METHODS: We logged 30 000 h of television collected in Adelaide during 2016 from one network that has four channels. The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating was used to identify discretionary foods. Data were examined according to all times, to children's peak viewing times (PVTs) and to when C-(children's) rated programmes may be broadcast...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659965/a-healthy-asian-a-posteriori-dietary-pattern-correlates-with-a-priori-dietary-patterns-and-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-multiethnic-asian-population
#11
Clare Whitton, Salome A Rebello, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Rob M van Dam
Background: Healthful dietary patterns are associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Western populations. However, a consistent healthful dietary pattern across major Asian ethnic groups has yet to be identified. Objective: We aimed to identify a posteriori dietary patterns for Chinese, Malay, and Indian ethnic groups in an urban Asian setting, compare these with a priori dietary patterns, and ascertain associations with cardiovascular disease risk factors including hypertension, obesity, and abnormal blood lipid concentrations...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659952/abo-genotype-does-not-modify-the-association-between-the-blood-type-diet-and-biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-disease-in-overweight-adults
#12
Jingzhou Wang, Joseph Jamnik, Bibiana García-Bailo, Daiva E Nielsen, David J A Jenkins, Ahmed El-Sohemy
Background: Although 7 million copies of Eat Right 4 Your Type have been sold in >60 languages, there has been a lack of evidence supporting the "blood-type" diet hypothesis. Objective: The present study aimed to examine the validity of this diet in overweight adults. Methods: A total of 973 adults [mean ± SEM age: 44.6 ± 0.4 y; mean ± SEM body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): 32.5 ± 0.2; 758 women, 215 men] were participants of the Toronto Healthy Diet Study...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659816/the-relative-price-of-healthy-and-less-healthy-foods-available-in-australian-school-canteens
#13
Natassja Billich, Marijke Adderley, Laura Ford, Isabel Keeton, Claire Palermo, Anna Peeters, Julie Woods, Kathryn Backholer
School canteens have an important role in modelling a healthy food environment. Price is a strong predictor of food and beverage choice. This study compared the relative price of healthy and less healthy lunch and snack items sold within Australian school canteens. A convenience sample of online canteen menus from five Australian states were selected (100 primary and 100 secondary schools). State-specific canteen guidelines were used to classify menu items into 'green' (eat most), 'amber' (select carefully) and 'red' (not recommended in schools)...
April 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659064/beliefs-and-advice-seeking-behaviours-for-fertility-and-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-global-sample
#14
R Walker, M Blumfield, H Truby
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can motivate individuals to adopt lifestyle behaviours that protect the health of their offspring. The aims of the present study were to explore men's and women's beliefs about lifestyle, fertility and pregnancy, as well as where they seek advice. METHODS: Participants (2185 women and 221 men, six unspecified) from 104 countries completed a questionnaire that explored their beliefs about what was important for a healthy pregnancy and their advice-seeking behaviours...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657502/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-patients-attending-outpatient-clinic-in-kuantan-malaysia
#15
Nursyafiza B Mohammad, Nor Azlina A Rahman, Mainul Haque
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death around the world including Malaysia. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the single largest cause of death in the developed countries and is one of the main contributors to the disease burden in developing countries. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted to determine knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding the risk of CVD in patients attending an outpatient clinic in Kuantan, Malaysia...
January 2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656913/faith-activity-and-nutrition-randomized-dissemination-and-implementation-study-countywide-adoption-reach-and-effectiveness
#16
Sara Wilcox, Ruth P Saunders, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melinda Forthofer, Patricia A Sharpe, Cheryl Goodwin, Margaret Condrasky, Vernon L Kennedy, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Deborah Kinnard, Brent Hutto
INTRODUCTION: Faith-based organizations can contribute to improving population health, but few dissemination and implementation studies exist. This paper reports countywide adoption, reach, and effectiveness from the Faith, Activity, and Nutrition dissemination and implementation study. DESIGN: This was a group-randomized trial. Data were collected in 2016. Statistical analyses were conducted in 2017. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Churches in a rural, medically underserved county in South Carolina were invited to enroll, and attendees of enrolled churches were invited to complete questionnaires (n=1,308 participated)...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655761/the-relationship-between-culinary-skills-and-eating-behaviors-challenges-and-opportunities-for-parents-and-families
#17
Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Darin Leonard
Unhealthy dietary intake among American children and adults is of great concern to public health practitioners, nutritional scientists, and child development experts. Cooking skills are related to healthier dietary intake among Americans of all ages, but remain a substantial barrier for many parents who want to serve healthy meals for their families at home. Culinary education interventions are effective solutions for many parents who do not know how to cook, but issues with participation bias mean that these programs are not effective solutions for all individuals...
April 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652820/diet-quality-and-nutrient-intake-of-urban-overweight-and-obese-primarily-african-american-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#18
Sevasti Vergis, Linda Schiffer, Tiffany White, Andrew McLeod, Neda Khudeira, Andrew Demott, Marian Fitzgibbon, Susan Hughes, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys
Diet quality may be a unique target for preventing and managing obesity-related osteoarthritis (OA). Using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), this study examined the nutrient intake and diet quality of 400 urban overweight and obese primarily African American older adults with self-reported lower extremity OA. Associations between sociodemographic and health-related factors and diet quality were explored. Participants (mean age 67.8 years, SD 5.9) were included. Habitual dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
April 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652666/effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-treatment-program-on-eating-behavior-in-overweight-and-obese-preschool-children
#19
Gianni Bocca, Mirije W B Kuitert, Pieter J J Sauer, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The effects of multidisciplinary treatment programs on eating behavior in overweight preschool-aged children are largely unknown. We evaluated a multidisciplinary intervention program on eating behavior in 3- to 5-year-old overweight children, comparing them with children given standard treatment. We also assessed the parental eating behavior changes and investigated associations between parents and children. METHODS: We randomized 75 children to a multidisciplinary intervention or to a standard care program...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652579/assessment-of-the-contribution-of-dietary-and-beverage-intake-quality-to-obesity-development
#20
Saniye Bilici, Hande Mortaş, Betül Kocaadam, Eda Köksal
OBJECTIVE: Low dietary quality is an important indicator of unhealthy eating patterns that can lead to some consequences such as obesity, so policy is a very powerful tool that can affect the consumption of both healthy and unhealthy foods. Indices that assess whether nutritional policies are applied contribute to the assessment of the quality of the population's diet. This study was conducted to investigate the quality of diets and beverages consumed by Turkish adults, and the factors affecting them...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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