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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636519/how-we-eat-may-be-as-important-as-what-we-eat-eating-behaviour-and-heart-rate-variability
#1
Mehmet Emre Ozpelit, Ebru Ozpelit
Objective Diet exerts a crucial role on cardiovascular health. Evidence is mainly based on the content and the amount of dietary intakes. Some recent reports demonstrated that eating behaviour may also be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of eating behaviour on heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy subjects. Methods and results In total, 521 healthy subjects with 24-hour Holter ECG recordings filled out a special questionnaire about their eating behaviour and lifestyles...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635334/timing-of-food-intake-during-simulated-night-shift-impacts-glucose-metabolism-a-controlled-study
#2
Crystal L Grant, Alison M Coates, Jillian Dorrian, David J Kennaway, Gary A Wittert, Leonie K Heilbronn, Maja Pajcin, Chris Della Vedova, Charlotte C Gupta, Siobhan Banks
Eating during the night may increase the risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes in shift workers. This study examined the impact of either eating or not eating a meal at night on glucose metabolism. Participants underwent four nights of simulated night work (SW1-4, 16:00-10:00 h, <50 lux) with a daytime sleep opportunity each day (10:00-16:00 h, <3 lux). Healthy males were assigned to an eating at night (NE; n = 4, meals; 07:00, 19:00 and 01:30 h) or not eating at night (NEN; n = 7, meals; 07:00 h, 09:30, 16:10 and 19:00 h) condition...
June 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633687/facilitators-and-barriers-experienced-by-federal-cross-sector-partners-during-the-implementation-of-a-healthy-eating-campaign
#3
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Sophie Desroches, Marie Marquis, Mylène Turcotte, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To identify facilitators and barriers that Health Canada's (HC) cross-sector partners experienced while implementing the Eat Well Campaign: Food Skills (EWC; 2013-2014) and describe how these experiences might differ according to distinct partner types. DESIGN: A qualitative study using hour-long semi-structured telephone interviews conducted with HC partners that were transcribed verbatim. Facilitators and barriers were identified inductively and analysed according partner types...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630614/a-plant-based-diet-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Michelle McMacken, Sapana Shah
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, especially in older adults. Diet and lifestyle, particularly plant-based diets, are effective tools for type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Plant-based diets are eating patterns that emphasize legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds and discourage most or all animal products. Cohort studies strongly support the role of plant-based diets, and food and nutrient components of plant-based diets, in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629930/dining-with-dad-fathers-influences-on-family-food-practices
#5
Priya Fielding-Singh
Scholars have documented multiple barriers to healthy eating within families. This article examines an overlooked obstacle to a nutritious family diet: fathers. Using 109 in-depth interviews with middle and upper-middle class mothers, adolescents, and fathers in the United States, I show how fathers can undermine mothers' efforts to provision a healthy diet. While family members perceive mothers as committed to provisioning a healthy diet, many fathers are seen as, at best, detached and, at worst, a threat to mothers' dietary aspirations...
June 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#6
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#7
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628064/exercise-training-reduces-intrathoracic-fat-regardless-of-defective-glucose-tolerance
#8
Sanna M Honkala, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Anna Savolainen, Virva Saunavaara, Kirsi A Virtanen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jukka Kapanen, Juhani Knuuti, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
PURPOSE: Epicardial (EAT) and pericardial (PAT) fat masses and myocardial triglyceride content (MTC) are enlarged in obesity and insulin resistance. We studied whether the high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) similarly decrease ectopic fat in and around the heart and whether the decrease is similar in healthy subjects and subjects with defective glucose tolerance (DGT). METHODS: A total of 28 healthy men (body mass index = 20...
July 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626906/behavioural-implications-of-traditional-treatment-and-closed-loop-automated-insulin-delivery-systems-in-type-1-diabetes-applying-a-cognitive-restraint-theory-framework
#9
REVIEW
A R Kahkoska, E J Mayer-Davis, K K Hood, D M Maahs, K S Burger
As the prevalence of obesity in Type 1 diabetes rises, the effects of emerging therapy options should be considered in the context of both weight and glycaemic control outcomes. Artificial pancreas device systems will 'close the loop' between blood glucose monitoring and automated insulin delivery and may transform day-to-day dietary management for people with Type 1 diabetes in multiple ways. In the present review, we draw directly from cognitive restraint theory to consider unintended impacts that closed-loop systems may have on ingestive behaviour and food intake...
June 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626171/association-between-overall-lifestyle-changes-and-the-incidence-of-proteinuria-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro Kazama, Ichiei Narita, Kunitoshi Iseki, Shouichi Fujimoto, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Tsuneo Konta, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Koichi Asahi, Masahide Kondo, Issei Kurahashi, Yasuo Ohashi, Kenjiro Kimura, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Objective This study aimed to examine the association between the changes in an overall healthy lifestyle, as quantified by the number of unhealthy lifestyle factors and obesity status, and the incidence of proteinuria in the general Japanese population. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 99,404 (men, 36.9%) participants aged from 40-74 years of age who underwent two health check-ups with a 1-year interval in Japan between 2008 and 2009. Any participants with chronic kidney disease at baseline were excluded...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625854/promoting-healthier-children-s-meals-at-quick-service-and-full-service-restaurants-results-from-a-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#11
Nanette V Lopez, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca
High-calorie restaurant foods contribute to childhood overweight. Increased consumer demand for healthier kids' meals may motivate the restaurant industry to provide additional healthy options. This study pilot-tested a combination of four strategies (toy incentive, placemats, server prompts, signage) designed to increase demand for healthier kids' meals, which were defined as those eligible for the National Restaurant Association's Kids LiveWell program. Relative sales of healthier kids' meals were examined before (n = 3473 total kids' meal orders) and during Month 1 (n = 3546 total kids' meal orders) and Month 2 of implementation (n = 3645 total kids' meal orders) of an 8-week intervention in two locations each of a quick-service (QSR) and full-service (FSR) restaurant chain...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625211/paying-for-convenience-comparing-the-cost-of-takeaway-meals-with-their-healthier-home-cooked-counterparts-in-new-zealand
#12
Sally Mackay, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Pei Xie, Amanda Lee, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVE: Convenience and cost impact on people's meal decisions. Takeaway and pre-prepared foods save preparation time but may contribute to poorer-quality diets. Analysing the impact of time on relative cost differences between meals of varying convenience contributes to understanding the barrier of time to selecting healthy meals. DESIGN: Six popular New Zealand takeaway meals were identified from two large national surveys and compared with similar, but healthier, home-made and home-assembled meals that met nutrition targets consistent with New Zealand Eating and Activity Guidelines...
June 19, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624990/nutrition-literacy-among-cancer-survivors-feasibility-results-from-the-healthy-eating-and-living-against-breast-cancer-heal-bca-study-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Niyati Parekh, Jieying Jiang, Marissa Buchan, Marleen Meyers, Heather Gibbs, Paul Krebs
Knowledge of nutrition among breast cancer patients is insufficient, despite their motivation to seek valid information about healthy food choices. This study examines the feasibility of nutrition education workshops for cancer survivors, to inform the design of a multi-center intervention. Fifty-nine female English-speaking breast cancer patients, who had completed treatment, were enrolled. Participants were randomized to the intervention or control group. The intervention group attended six nutrition education sessions, and the control group received brochures...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624258/incentivizing-healthy-eating-in-children-an-investigation-of-the-ripple-and-temporal-effects-of-a-reward-based-intervention
#14
Saied Toossi
Although previous studies have established the effectiveness of using small reward-based incentives in inducing the choice and consumption of healthier foods among children, little is known about their impact outside of experimental settings or their effectiveness over time when administered daily. This paper presents the results of a field experiment conducted to provide insight on these matters. The study employs a removed treatment within-subject design and was conducted at a summer program catering to low-income children between the ages of 5 and 12...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621721/perceived-health-and-nutrition-concerns-as-predictors-of-dietary-patterns-among-polish-females-aged-13-21-years-gebahealth-project
#15
Marzena Jezewska-Zychowicz, Lidia Wadolowska, Joanna Kowalkowska, Marta Lonnie, Jolanta Czarnocinska, Ewa Babicz-Zielinska
Health-related concerns can often be factors influencing health-related behaviours. It remains unclear whether a high level of concerns is associated with pro-healthy or unhealthy dietary behaviours and whether any associations between nutrition-related concerns and dietary behaviours exist in a population of girls and young women. The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived health and nutrition concerns and dietary patterns in a representative sample of Polish young females. Data was collected in 2012 through a cross-sectional quantitative survey within the GEBaHealth (Girls Eating Behaviours and Health) project in a group of 1107 Polish girls aged 13-21 years old...
June 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616872/culture-and-healthy-lifestyles-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-role-of-food-and-physical-activity-in-three-urban-australian-indigenous-communities
#16
Ruth Crowe, Rebecca Stanley, Yasmine Probst, Anne McMahon
OBJECTIVE: 1) To explore the links between Indigenous Australian children's perspectives on culture, and healthy lifestyle behaviours. 2) To provide insight into how to approach the development of a health intervention targeting lifestyle behaviours in Australian Indigenous children. METHODS: Seven semi-structured focus groups sessions were conducted with Australian Indigenous children aged 5-12 years living on the South Coast of New South Wales. Audio-recordings were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted and related to principles of grounded theory...
June 14, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616763/associations-between-fruit-and-vegetable-variety-and-low-grade-inflammation-in-portuguese-adolescents-from-labmed-physical-activity-study
#17
Juliana Almeida-de-Souza, Rute Santos, Luis Lopes, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Patrícia Padrão, Jorge Mota, Pedro Moreira
PURPOSE: The dietary guidelines for the consumption of a variety of fruits and vegetables have been recognized as an important factor for achieving healthy eating patterns to reduce the risk of chronic disease throughout the lifespan. Our aim is to assess the association between fruit and vegetable variety and low-grade inflammation in adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted with 412 adolescents (ages 14.4 ± 1.7 years; 52% girls). The consumption of a variety of fruits and vegetables was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire, considering the number of individual/category of fruit or vegetable intake at least once month, and categorized into tertiles...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616251/physical-micro-environment-interventions-for-healthier-eating-in-the-workplace-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-controlled-pilot-trial
#18
Milica Vasiljevic, Emma Cartwright, Rachel Pechey, Gareth J Hollands, Dominique-Laurent Couturier, Susan A Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: An estimated one third of energy is consumed in the workplace. The workplace is therefore an important context in which to reduce energy consumption to tackle the high rates of overweight and obesity in the general population. Altering environmental cues for food selection and consumption-physical micro-environment or 'choice architecture' interventions-has the potential to reduce energy intake. The first aim of this pilot trial is to estimate the potential impact upon energy purchased of three such environmental cues (size of portions, packages and tableware; availability of healthier vs...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614498/the-impact-of-the-bolsa-fam%C3%A3-lia-program-on-food-consumption-a-comparative-study-of-the-southeast-and-northeast-regions-of-brazil
#19
Naiara Sperandio, Cristiana Tristão Rodrigues, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Bolsa Família Program (PBF) on food consumption in the northeast and southeast regions of Brazil. The database was obtained from the individual food consumption module of the Household Budget Survey conducted in 2008-09. Consumption was assessed through two food records. The food was categorized into four groups: fresh or minimally processed food; culinary ingredients; processed food; and ultra-processed food. To analyze the impact, the propensity score matching method was used, which compares the individual recipients and non-recipients of the PBF in relation to a group of socioeconomic characteristics...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613925/implications-of-domestic-food-practices-for-the-presence-of-bioactive-components-in-meats-with-special-reference-to-meat-based-functional-foods
#20
Francisco Jiménez-Colmenero, Susana Cofrades, Ana M Herrero, Claudia Ruiz-Capillas
Although an essential component of the diet, the consumption of meat is in question. Meat is a major source of beneficial compounds but it also contains other substances with negative health implications. Functional foods, which are leading trends in the food industry, constitute an excellent opportunity for the meat sector to improve healthier meat options. Most studies on meat-based functional foods have focused mainly on the application of different strategies (animal production practices and meat transformation systems) to improve (increase/reduce) the presence of bioactive (healthy/unhealthy) compounds; these have led to the development of numerous products, many of them by the meat industry...
June 14, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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