keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Healthy eating

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456780/attitudes-of-jordanian-adolescent-students-toward-overweight-and-obesity
#1
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455760/developing-a-partnership-for-change-the-national-collaborative-on-childhood-obesity-research
#2
The Writing Group For The National Collaborative On Childhood Obesity Research Nccor
Rising obesity rates in the U.S. over the past several decades, particularly among children and adolescents, led to an increased focus on research addressing obesity prevention and public- and private-sector initiatives on healthy eating and physical activity. Groups conducting prevention initiatives recognized that their ability to achieve and sustain cross-sector environmental, policy, and systems-level solutions was hampered by limited evidence in those areas. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began to discuss forming a partnership that could accelerate progress to prevent childhood obesity by coordinating research and evaluation agendas and collaboratively building an evidence base...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455756/a-randomized-trial-of-weight-change-in-a-national-home-visiting-program
#3
Debra Haire-Joshu, Cynthia D Schwarz, Karen Steger-May, Christy Lapka, Kenneth Schechtman, Ross C Brownson, Rachel G Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials have demonstrated significant impact in reducing weight and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the intensity of these trials limits their scalability to real world settings. The purpose of this study was to embed a lifestyle intervention for overweight and obese mothers within the routine practice of a parent education, home visiting organization. DESIGN: Pragmatic trial that used a stratified random design. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Overweight or obese mothers of preschool children located across St...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454080/is-the-childhood-home-food-environment-a-confounder-of-the-association-between-child-maltreatment-exposure-and-adult-body-mass-index
#4
S M Mason, N J Santaularia, J M Berge, N Larson, D Neumark-Sztainer
Childhood maltreatment is consistently associated with adult obesity, leading to calls for tailored weight interventions for people with maltreatment histories. However, it is possible that the maltreatment-obesity association is spurious and driven by unmeasured confounding, in which case such interventions would be misplaced. The home food environment in childhood is a potential confounder, but its role in the association of maltreatment with obesity has not been examined. We used a longitudinal dataset (Project EAT) to examine the association of adult retrospective reports of maltreatment history in childhood (1+ types of maltreatment before age 18 years) with previously-collected prospective childhood reports of home food environment characteristics (availability of healthy foods, availability of sweet/salty snack food, family meal frequency, and food insufficiency)...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449657/neural-activity-induced-by-visual-food-stimuli-presented-out-of-awareness-a-preliminary-magnetoencephalography-study
#5
Katsuko Takada, Akira Ishii, Takashi Matsuo, Chika Nakamura, Masato Uji, Takahiro Yoshikawa
Obesity is a major public health problem in modern society. Appetitive behavior has been proposed to be partially driven by unconscious decision-making processes and thus, targeting the unconscious cognitive processes related to eating behavior is essential to develop strategies for overweight individuals and obese patients. Here, we presented food pictures below the threshold of awareness to healthy male volunteers and examined neural activity related to appetitive behavior using magnetoencephalography. We found that, among participants who did not recognize food pictures during the experiment, an index of heart rate variability assessed by electrocardiography (low-frequency component power/high-frequency component power ratio, LF/HF) just after picture presentation was increased compared with that just before presentation, and the increase in LF/HF was negatively associated with the score for cognitive restraint of food intake...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449292/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-delivered-multicomponent-intervention-compared-with-enhanced-standard-care-of-obese-adolescents-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-help-trial
#6
Monica Panca, Deborah Christie, Tim J Cole, Silvia Costa, John Gregson, Rebecca Holt, Lee D Hudson, Anthony S Kessel, Sanjay Kinra, Anne Mathiot, Irwin Nazareth, Jay Wataranan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Russell M Viner, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of a motivational multicomponent lifestyle-modification intervention in a community setting (the Healthy Eating Lifestyle Programme (HELP)) compared with enhanced standard care. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community settings in Greater London, England. PARTICIPANTS: 174 young people with obesity aged 12-19 years. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention participants received 12 one-to-one sessions across 6 months, addressing lifestyle behaviours and focusing on motivation to change and self-esteem rather than weight change, delivered by trained graduate health workers in community settings...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448922/a-randomised-control-crossover-trial-of-a-theory-based-intervention-to-improve-sun-safe-and-healthy-behaviours-in-construction-workers-study-protocol
#7
Amanda Nioi, Charlotte Wendelboe-Nelson, Sue Cowan, Hilary Cowie, Shahzad Rashid, Peter Ritchie, Mark Cherrie, Terry C Lansdown, John W Cherrie
BACKGROUND: Exposure to sunlight can have both positive and negative health impacts. Excessive exposure to ultra-violet (UV) radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer, however insufficient exposure to sunlight has a detrimental effect on production of Vitamin D. In the construction industry there are onsite proactive behaviours for safety, but sun-safety remains a low priority. There is limited research on understanding the barriers to adopting sun-safe behaviours and the association this may have with Vitamin D production...
February 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447996/sleep-food-cravings-and-taste
#8
Wen Lv, Graham Findlayson, Robin Dando
OBJECTIVE: Taste is influenced by factors from our environment, psychology, and from our own physiological state. The objective of the study was to determine whether sleep influences our sense of taste or our cravings for food. METHOD: 57 healthy panelists, predominantly of college age, submitted to sleep tracking, and subsequently underwent a series of sensory tests, using basic prototypic tastants as well as real foods. Panelists were also evaluated to quantify food cravings, using both the Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire, and the Control of Eating Questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447201/estimation-model-for-habitual-24-hour-urinary-sodium-excretion-using-simple-questionnaires-from-normotensive-koreans
#9
Ji-Sook Kong, Yeon-Kyung Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Young-Ran Heo, Taisun Hyun, Sun Mee Kim, Eun-Soon Lyu, Se-Young Oh, Hae-Ryun Park, Moo-Yong Rhee, Hee-Kyong Ro, Mi Kyung Song
This study was conducted to develop an equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion that can serve as an alternative to 24-h dietary recall and 24-h urine collection for normotensive Korean adults. In total, data on 640 healthy Korean adults aged 19 to 69 years from 4 regions of the country were collected as a training set. In order to externally validate the equation developed from that training set, 200 subjects were recruited independently as a validation set. Due to heterogeneity by gender, we constructed a gender-specific equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion by using a multivariable linear regression model and assessed the performance of the developed equation in validation set...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444663/gender-related-differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-lifestyle-behaviors-in-treatment-seeking-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#10
Lisa Ha Barstad, Pétur B Júlíusson, Line Kristin Johnson, Jens Kristoffer Hertel, Samira Lekhal, Jøran Hjelmesæth
BACKGROUND: Obesity during adolescence is associated with cardiovascular mortality in adulthood. The adverse obesity-related cardiometabolic risk profile is already observed in adolescence. We aimed to examine possible gender differences in cardiometabolic risk factors and lifestyle behaviors among adolescents with severe obesity, hypothesizing that boys would have both a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome as well as less healthy lifestyle behaviors than girls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of treatment-seeking adolescents with severe obesity who attended the Morbid Obesity Centre at Vestfold Hospital Trust and who were consecutively enrolled in the Vestfold Register of Obese Children between September 2009 and September 2015...
February 14, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444610/evaluation-of-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-medical-students-at-kocaeli-university-turkey
#11
Canan Baydemir, Emrah Gokay Ozgur, Sibel Balci
Introduction This study was conducted to evaluate the eating habits of medical students at Kocaeli University in northwest Turkey in terms of their ability to apply their academic knowledge regarding healthy lifestyles to their own lives using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED). Methods In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire including demographic information and the KIDMED index was administered to 354 medical school students (206 first-year and 148 third-year students). The students' sex, body mass index, KIDMED score, place of residence, smoking habit, media screen time, and regular exercising variables were evaluated...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444583/barriers-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-for-three-to-four-year-old-children-of-australian-born-and-overseas-born-mothers-with-post-gestational-diabetes-an-australian-qualitative-study
#12
Tehzeeb Zulfiqar, Christopher J Nolan, Cathy Banwell, Rosemary Young, Lynelle Boisseau, Martha Ingle, Fiona E Lithander
Children of mothers affected by gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at higher risk of long-term cardio-metabolic diseases. We explore the diet and physical activity knowledge and practices of Australian-born and overseas-born mothers with GDM history, for their three- to four-year-old children following antenatal health promotion education at a tertiary hospital. We conducted face-to-face, semi-structured interviews with 8 Australian-born and 15 overseas-born mothers with a history of GDM. Findings indicated that mothers of both groups were unaware of the increased health risks of their GDM for their children and could not recall receiving specific dietary or physical activity advice aimed at future child health...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443064/assessment-of-social-transmission-of-food-preferences-behaviors
#13
Ann Van der Jeugd, Rudi D'Hooge
Olfactory recognition deficits are suggested to be able to serve as clinical marker to differentiate Alzheimer's disease (AD) subjects from healthy aging groups. For example, olfactory dysfunction in AD can present as impairment in olfactory recognition, emerging during early stages of the disease and worsening while the disease progresses. The social transmission of food preferences (STFP) task is based on a rudimentary form of communication between rodents concerning distant foods dependent on the transmission of olfactory cues...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442460/do-medical-students-adhere-to-advice-regarding-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-pilot-study-of-bmi-and-some-aspects-of-lifestyle-in-medical-students-in-poland
#14
Dominika Kanikowska, Dorota Sikorska, Barbara Kuczyńska, Marian Grzymisławski, Andrzej Bręborowicz, Janusz Witowski
BACKGROUND: The components of lifestyle of medical students, with comprehensive reporting of their physical activity and drinking and eating behavior, are rarely evaluated. Being overweight (increased body mass index - BMI) is associated with health problems, an unhealthy lifestyle (inadequate sleep, diet and exercise) being implicated. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine if there were discrepancies between assessments of actual lifestyle and advice regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442406/supporting-youth-wellbeing-with-a-focus-on-eating-well-and-being-active-views-from-an-aboriginal-community-deliberative-forum
#15
Jackie Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson
OBJECTIVE: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. METHODS: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441030/multisensory-technology-for-flavor-augmentation-a-mini-review
#16
REVIEW
Carlos Velasco, Marianna Obrist, Olivia Petit, Charles Spence
There is growing interest in the development of new technologies that capitalize on our emerging understanding of the multisensory influences on flavor perception in order to enhance human-food interaction design. This review focuses on the role of (extrinsic) visual, auditory, and haptic/tactile elements in modulating flavor perception and more generally, our food and drink experiences. We review some of the most exciting examples of recent multisensory technologies for augmenting such experiences. Here, we discuss applications for these technologies, for example, in the field of food experience design, in the support of healthy eating, and in the rapidly growing world of sensory marketing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438844/top-down-expectation-effects-of-food-labels-on-motivation
#17
Joost Wegman, Ilke van Loon, Paul A M Smeets, Roshan Cools, Esther Aarts
Labels on food packages inform our beliefs, shaping our expectations of food properties, such as its expected taste and healthiness. These beliefs can influence the processing of caloric rewards beyond objective sensory properties and have the potential to impact decision making. However, no studies, within or beyond the food domain, have assessed how written information, such as food labels, affect implicit motivation to obtain rewards, even though choices in daily life might be strongly driven by implicit motivational biases...
February 10, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437667/effectiveness-of-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-programme-delivered-through-schools-targeting-6-and-7-year-olds-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-waves-study
#18
Peymane Adab, Miranda J Pallan, Emma R Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew, Tim Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Joanne L Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan J Deeks, Joan L Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Eleanor McGee, Kiya Hurley, James Martin, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore, K K Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a school and family based healthy lifestyle programme (WAVES intervention) compared with usual practice, in preventing childhood obesity. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING: UK primary schools from the West Midlands. PARTICIPANTS: 200 schools were randomly selected from all state run primary schools within 35 miles of the study centre (n=980), oversampling those with high minority ethnic populations...
February 7, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436364/the-west-midlands-active-lifestyle-and-healthy-eating-in-school-children-waves-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-obesity-prevention-intervention-programme-targeted-at-children
#19
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436213/gastric-reflux-comparison-between-the-gastroenterologist-and-the-otorhinolaryngologist%C3%A2-s-approach-pragmatic-conclusive-remarks
#20
G Ciprandi, M Gelardi
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a normal physiological process that usually happens after eating in healthy infants, children, young people and adults. In contrast, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when the effect of GER leads to symptoms severe enough to merit medical treatment. In clinical practice, it is difficult to differentiate between GER and GERD, and health professionals and families use the terms interchangeably alike. There is no simple, reliable and accurate diagnostic test to confirm whether the condition is GER or GERD, and this in turn affects research and clinical decisions (1-6)...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
keyword
keyword
67900
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"