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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727545/role-of-age-and-acculturation-in-diet-quality-among-mexican-americans-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2012
#1
Yilin Yoshida, Richard Scribner, Liwei Chen, Stephanie Broyles, Stephen Phillippi, Tung-Sung Tseng
Age and acculturation may play a role in diet quality among Mexican Americans. This study examined diet quality in Mexican Americans by age and whether acculturation influences diet quality across different age groups, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Diet quality, measured by the Healthy Eating Index 2010, improved with age except in categories of dairy, sodium, and refined grains. More acculturation was associated with lower scores in overall diet quality and categories of vegetables, fruits, and sodium and empty calories across almost all ages, but higher scores in grain categories, especially in younger groups...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722217/personal-and-situational-predictors-of-everyday-snacking-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#2
Katherine G Elliston, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at testing predictions derived from temporal self-regulation theory (TST) in relation to discretionary food choices (snacks). TST combines a motivational sphere of influence (cognitions and temporal valuations resulting in intentions) with a momentary sphere (encompassing social and physical environmental cues). This dual approach differs from current health behaviour theories, but can potentially improve our understanding of the interplay of personal and environmental factors in health behaviour self-regulation...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#3
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717809/racial-differences-in-misclassification-of-healthy-eating-based-on-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-24-hour-dietary-recalls
#4
B Olendzki, E Procter-Gray, M F Magee, G Youssef, K Kane, L Churchill, J Ockene, W Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternate healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by race, among urban older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Urban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling White and Black women aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: In 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24-hour recalls...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714434/altered-interoceptive-activation-before-during-and-after-aversive-breathing-load-in-women-remitted-from-anorexia-nervosa
#5
L A Berner, A N Simmons, C E Wierenga, A Bischoff-Grethe, M P Paulus, U F Bailer, A V Ely, W H Kaye
BACKGROUND: The neural mechanisms of anorexia nervosa (AN), a severe and chronic psychiatric illness, are still poorly understood. Altered body state processing, or interoception, has been documented in AN, and disturbances in aversive interoception may contribute to distorted body perception, extreme dietary restriction, and anxiety. As prior data implicate a potential mismatch between interoceptive expectation and experience in AN, we examined whether AN is associated with altered brain activation before, during, and after an unpleasant interoceptive state change...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712432/alexithymia-in-eating-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-studies-using-the-toronto-alexithymia-scale
#6
REVIEW
Heather Westwood, Jess Kerr-Gaffney, Daniel Stahl, Kate Tchanturia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to synthesise the literature on the use of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS) in eating disorder populations and Healthy Controls (HCs) and to compare TAS scores in these groups. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched systematically for studies using the TAS and meta-analyses were performed to statistically compare scores on the TAS between individuals with eating disorders and HCs. RESULTS: Forty-eight studies using the TAS with both a clinical eating disorder group and HCs were identified...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711465/factors-that-predict-consumer-acceptance-of-enriched-processed-meats
#7
Liran C Shan, Maeve Henchion, Aoife De Brún, Celine Murrin, Patrick G Wall, Frank J Monahan
The study aimed to understand predictors of consumers' purchase intention towards processed meat based functional foods (i.e. enriched processed meat). A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 486 processed meat consumers in spring 2016. Results showed that processed meats were perceived differently in healthiness, with sausage-type products perceived less healthy than cured meat products. Consumers were in general more uncertain than positive about enriched processed meat but differences existed in terms of the attitudes and purchase intention...
July 8, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710052/rationale-and-design-of-feeding-america-s-bravest-mediterranean-diet-based-intervention-to-change-firefighters-eating-habits-and-improve-cardiovascular-risk-profiles
#8
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sean B Cash, Costas Christophi, Sara Folta, Steven Moffatt, Carolyn Muegge, Maria Korre, Dariush Mozaffarian, Stefanos N Kales
Among US firefighters, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of on-duty death. Poor diet contributes to this burden, but effective strategies to encourage healthy eating in the fire service are not established. "Feeding America's Bravest" motivates firefighters and their families to modify their food culture and reduce cardiometabolic risk profiles by adopting Mediterranean diet principles. Feeding America's Bravest is a cluster-randomized, controlled trial within the 44 stations of the Indianapolis Fire Department, including about 1000 firefighters...
July 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709960/eating-behavior-style-predicts-craving-and-anxiety-experienced-in-food-related-virtual-environments-by-patients-with-eating-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#9
Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Isabel Sánchez, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado
Eating behavior style (emotional, restrictive, or external) has been proposed as an explanation for the differences in response to food-related cues between people who overeat and those who do not, and has been also considered a target for the treatment of eating disorders (EDs) characterized by lack of control over eating and weight-related (overweight/obesity) conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between eating behavior style and psychophysiological responses (self-reported food craving and anxiety) to food-related virtual reality (VR) environments in outpatients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) and to compare them with healthy participants...
July 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709630/validity-and-reliability-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-weight-control-behaviors-scale
#10
Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Angelica Medeiros Claudino
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the weight-control behaviors (WCBs) scale and to evaluate its psychometric properties. STUDY DESIGN: We made use of data from a cluster-randomized trial assessing the effectiveness of the Brazilian New Moves Program. The Brazilian New Moves Program was a multicomponent intervention aimed at preventing weight-related problems among adolescent girls in public schools in São Paulo, Brazil. RESULTS: Healthy and unhealthy WCBs were strongly associated...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709414/effects-of-selected-socio-demographic-characteristics-on-nutrition-knowledge-and-eating-behavior-of-elementary-students-in-two-provinces-in-china
#11
Ling Qian, Fan Zhang, Ian M Newman, Duane F Shell, Weijing Du
BACKGROUND: National and international child health surveys have indicated an increase in childhood obesity in China. The increase has been attributed to a rising standard of living, increasing availability of unhealthy foods, and a lack of knowledge about healthy diet. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of selected socio-demographic characteristics on the BMI, nutrition knowledge, and eating behavior of elementary school children. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was used...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708572/diet-quality-overweight-and-daily-monetary-allowance-of-greek-adolescents
#12
Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Dimitrios Vlachos, Maria I Maraki, Efstratia Daskalou, Melpomene Grammatikopoulou, Lenia Karathanou, Emma Kotsias, Fotini Tsofliou, Maria Tsigga, Maria G Grammatikopoulou
Objective To investigate cross-correlates of pocket-money on diet quality and weight status of Greek adolescents. Methods A total of 172 adolescents (55.2% boys), aged between 10 and 15 years old were recruited. Body weight and height were measured, body mass index (BMI) was computed. Weight status was assessed according to the International Obesity Task Force criteria and diet quality was evaluated via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) - 2010. Results Adolescents were allowed a mean allowance of €4.63 ± 3...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708245/health-equity-issues-related-to-childhood-obesity-a-scoping-review
#13
Clemencia M Vargas, Elsie M Stines, Herta S Granado
PURPOSE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the health-equity issues that relate to childhood obesity. METHODS: Health-equity issues related to childhood obesity were identified by analyzing food environment, natural and built environment, and social environment. The authors searched Medline, PubMed, and Web of Science, using the keywords "children" and "obesity." Specific terms for each environment were added: "food desert," "advertising," "insecurity," "price," "processing," "trade," and "school" for food environment; "urban design," "land use," "transportation mode," "public facilities," and "market access" for natural and built environment; and "financial capacity/poverty," "living conditions," "transport access," "remoteness," "social support," "social cohesion," "working practices," "eating habits," "time," and "social norms" for social environment...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707605/self-reported-use-of-nutrition-labels-to-make-food-choices-is-associated-with-healthier-dietary-behaviours-in-adolescents
#14
Amier Haidar, Felicia R Carey, Nalini Ranjit, Natalie Archer, Deanna Hoelscher
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine nutrition label use and dietary behaviours among ethnically diverse middle- and high-school students, in Texas, USA. DESIGN: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) survey is a cross-sectional statewide study using a self-administered questionnaire to assess nutrition and physical activity behaviours. Height and weight measurements were used to determine BMI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine associations between nutrition label use and dietary behaviours, with gender, grade, ethnicity, BMI, parent education, socio-economic status and nutrition knowledge as covariates...
July 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706778/evaluation-of-healthy2go-a-country-store-transformation-project-to-improve-the-food-environment-and-consumer-choices-in-appalachian-kentucky
#15
Joshua A Rushakoff, Daniel E Zoughbie, Nancy Bui, Katerina DeVito, Leila Makarechi, Hitomi Kubo
Rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes in Kentucky's Cumberland Valley region are among the highest in the United States and limited access to healthy food contributes to these epidemics. The aim of Healthy2Go (H2G), a country store transformation project launched by Spread the Health Appalachia (STHA), was to improve awareness and availability of healthy options in small, rural stores. Ten country stores participated in H2G and received training and technical assistance to increase availability and awareness of healthy foods...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704419/a-pilot-feeding-study-for-adults-with-asthma-the-healthy-eating-better-breathing-trial
#16
Emily P Brigham, Elizabeth C Matsui, Lawrence J Appel, Deborah A Bull, Jean Curtin-Brosnan, Shuyan Zhai, Karen White, Jeanne B Charleston, Nadia N Hansel, Gregory B Diette, Meredith C McCormack
RATIONALE: Evidence from observational studies and to a lesser extent clinical trials suggest that a healthy diet may improve symptoms and lung function in patients with asthma. We conducted a pilot study to determine the feasibility of conducting a larger scale dietary trial and to provide preliminary evidence on the impact of a healthy diet on asthma outcomes. METHODS: In a randomized, two period cross-over trial, participants with asthma received a 4-week dietary intervention followed by a usual diet (or vice versa), separated by a 4-week washout...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701389/meal-frequency-and-timing-are-associated-with-changes-in-body-mass-index-in-adventist-health-study-2
#17
Hana Kahleova, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary E Fraser
Background: Scientific evidence for the optimal number, timing, and size of meals is lacking.Objective: We investigated the relation between meal frequency and timing and changes in body mass index (BMI) in the Adventist Health Study 2 (AHS-2), a relatively healthy North American cohort.Methods: The analysis used data from 50,660 adult members aged ≥30 y of Seventh-day Adventist churches in the United States and Canada (mean ± SD follow-up: 7.42 ± 1.23 y). The number of meals per day, length of overnight fast, consumption of breakfast, and timing of the largest meal were exposure variables...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701300/duodenal-and-ileal-glucose-infusions-differentially-alter-gastrointestinal-peptides-appetite-response-and-food-intake-a-tube-feeding-study
#18
Sally D Poppitt, Hyun Sang Shin, Anne-Thea McGill, Stephanie C Budgett, Kim Lo, Malcolm Pahl, Janice Duxfield, Mark Lane, John R Ingram
Background: Activation of the ileal brake through the delivery of nutrients into the distal small intestine to promote satiety and suppress food intake provides a new target for weight loss. Evidence is limited, with support from naso-ileal lipid infusion studies.Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate whether glucose infused into the duodenum and ileum differentially alters appetite response, food intake, and secretion of satiety-related gastrointestinal peptides.Design: Fourteen healthy male participants were randomly assigned to a blinded 4-treatment crossover, with each treatment of single-day duration...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700892/healthy-eating-and-active-living-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-heald-gdm-rationale-design-and-proposed-evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Steven T Johnson, Ana B Mladenovic, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Margie H Davenport, Sonia Butalia, Weiyu Qiu, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication in pregnancy and a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Most women who have had GDM are not engaging in health behaviours known to reduce their risk for developing future T2D. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a lifestyle modification program targeting healthy eating and active living behaviours after a GDM pregnancy. METHOD: This trial will randomize 100 women to either a lifestyle modification program or a control condition...
July 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700845/association-of-changes-in-diet-quality-with-total-and-cause-specific-mortality
#20
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Josiemer Mattei, Teresa T Fung, Yanping Li, An Pan, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between changes in diet quality over time and the risk of death. METHODS: We used Cox proportional-hazards models to calculate adjusted hazard ratios for total and cause-specific mortality among 47,994 women in the Nurses' Health Study and 25,745 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study from 1998 through 2010. Changes in diet quality over the preceding 12 years (1986-1998) were assessed with the use of the Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 score, the Alternate Mediterranean Diet score, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet score...
July 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
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