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Mohamed Hussein Medhat El-Komy, Noha Adly Saleh, Marwah Adly Saleh
Oral erosions of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) represent a therapeutic challenge. In this work we compared intralesional injection of steroids (ILS) and autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment of oral erosions of PV. In this split-mouth randomized double blind study, one side of the buccal mucosa of 11 PV patients was injected with 10 mg/ml triamcinolone and the opposite side was injected with 1 millilitre of autologous PRP every 14 days for 3 months. The percentage of clinical improvement, pemphigus disease area index and pain score were recorded before and after therapy...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
Samuel K Muchemi, Claus P W Zebitz, Christian Borgemeister, Komivi S Akutse, Caroline N Foba, Sunday Ekesi, Komi K M Fiaboe
Agromyzid Liriomyza leafminer flies are a major threat to horticultural production in East Africa with low natural control reported. The endoparasitoid Chrysocharis flacilla (Walker; Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) was introduced from Peru into quarantine facilities at ICIPE in Kenya for a leafminer classical biological control program. Interaction assays with one of the dominant local parasitoids, Diglyphus isaea (Walker; Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), using Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard; Diptera: Agromyzidae) was assessed through sole, simultaneous and sequential releases...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
George Komis, Olga Šamajová, Miroslav Ovečka, Jozef Šamaj
Plant mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) constitute a network of signaling cascades responsible for transducing extracellular stimuli and decoding them to dedicated cellular and developmental responses that shape the plant body. Over the last decade, we have accumulated information about how MAPK modules control the development of reproductive tissues and gametes and the embryogenic and postembryonic development of vegetative organs such as roots, root nodules, shoots, and leaves. Of key importance to understanding how MAPKs participate in developmental and environmental signaling is the characterization of their subcellular localization, their interactions with upstream signal perception mechanisms, and the means by which they target their substrates...
February 28, 2018: Annual Review of Plant Biology
Rodney N Nagoshi, Georg Goergen, Kodjo Agbeko Tounou, Komi Agboka, Djima Koffi, Robert L Meagher
Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) is a noctuid moth pest endemic throughout the Western Hemisphere that has recently become widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a strong expectation of significant damage to African maize crop yield and a high likelihood of further dispersal, putting the rest of the Eastern Hemisphere at risk. Specimens from multiple locations in six countries spanning the northern portion of the infested region were analyzed for genetic markers. The similarity of haplotypes between the African collections was consistent with a common origin, but significant differences in the relative frequency of the haplotypes indicated limitations in migration...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yumiko Ohhashi, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Kurahashi, Yuji O Kamatari, Shinju Sugiyama, Boran Uluca, Timo Piechatzek, Yusuke Komi, Toshinobu Shida, Henrik Müller, Shinya Hanashima, Henrike Heise, Kazuo Kuwata, Motomasa Tanaka
Self-propagating β-sheet-rich fibrillar protein aggregates, amyloid fibers, are often associated with cellular dysfunction and disease. Distinct amyloid conformations dictate different physiological consequences, such as cellular toxicity. However, the origin of the diversity of amyloid conformation remains unknown. Here, we suggest that altered conformational equilibrium in natively disordered monomeric proteins leads to the adaptation of alternate amyloid conformations that have different phenotypic effects...
February 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Eyram Fianyo, Owonayo Oniankitan, C Tagbor Komi, Kodjo Kakpovi, Prénam Houzou, E S Koffi-Tessio Viwalé, Moustafa Mijiyawa
BACKGROUND: The cost of low back pain was the subject of few studies in black Africa. AIM: To assess the cost of common low back pain and lumbar radiculopathy in Lomé. METHODS: A six months study was realised in the rheumatologic department of CHU Sylvanus Olympio. 103 consecutive patients suffering from a common low back pain or lumbar radiculopathy were included. To assess direct, indirect and non-financial costs they were questioned about their expense during the year...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Collins S K Ahorlu, Eric Koka, Susan Adu-Amankwah, Joseph Otchere, Dziedzom Komi de Souza
BACKGROUND: The Global Program for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) started operation in 2000 and aimed at eliminating the disease by the year 2020, following 5-6 rounds of effective annual Mass Drug Administration (MDA). The MDA programme took off in Ghana in 2001 and has interrupted transmission in many areas while it has persisted in some areas after 10 or more rounds of MDA. This study was to appreciate community members' perspectives on MDA after over 15 years of implementation...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Yoshihiro Tokudome, Tatsuya Komi, Ami Omata, Marie Sekita
Restoring hyaluronic acid (HA) content is important for maintaining the function of photo-aged skin. This study aimed to evaluate the passive delivery into skin of HA nanoparticles formed by the polyion complex method. Nanoparticles were prepared by mixing and stirring anionic HA with a cationic polymer, protamine, at the charge ratio 55:45. The permeation of fluorescently-labelled HA nanoparticles (HANP) or free HA through hairless mouse skin was characterized in vitro. HANP or free HA was applied to ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated mice in vivo, and their transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was measured after 4 days...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Komi Mati, Korede K Adegoke, Abimbola Michael-Asalu, Hamisu M Salihu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of the newly introduced national health insurance plan on access to skilled birth attendance (SBA). METHODS: The present secondary analysis used data from the 2014 Togo Demographic and Health Survey. The study sample comprised women aged 15-49 years who had at least one delivery in the 5 years preceding the survey. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: The adjusted sample included 4826 women...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Ebekalisai Piten, Marcus Beissner, Yiragnima Kobara, Komlan Kossi, Kossi Badziklou, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Gisela Bretzel, Damintoti Simplice Karou
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected mycobacterial skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This disease mostly affects poor rural populations, especially in areas with low hygiene standards and sanitation coverage. The objective of this study was to identify these risk factors in the districts of Zio and Yoto of the Maritime Region in Togo. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in Zio and Yoto, two districts proved BU endemic from November 2014 to May 2015...
January 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Petr Triska, Nikolay Chekanov, Vadim Stepanov, Elza K Khusnutdinova, Ganesh Prasad Arun Kumar, Vita Akhmetova, Konstantin Babalyan, Eugenia Boulygina, Vladimir Kharkov, Marina Gubina, Irina Khidiyatova, Irina Khitrinskaya, Ekaterina E Khrameeva, Rita Khusainova, Natalia Konovalova, Sergey Litvinov, Andrey Marusin, Alexandr M Mazur, Valery Puzyrev, Dinara Ivanoshchuk, Maria Spiridonova, Anton Teslyuk, Svetlana Tsygankova, Martin Triska, Natalya Trofimova, Edward Vajda, Oleg Balanovsky, Ancha Baranova, Konstantin Skryabin, Tatiana V Tatarinova, Egor Prokhortchouk
BACKGROUND: The history of human populations occupying the plains and mountain ridges separating Europe from Asia has been eventful, as these natural obstacles were crossed westward by multiple waves of Turkic and Uralic-speaking migrants as well as eastward by Europeans. Unfortunately, the material records of history of this region are not dense enough to reconstruct details of population history. These considerations stimulate growing interest to obtain a genetic picture of the demographic history of migrations and admixture in Northern Eurasia...
December 28, 2017: BMC Genetics
Nidain Maneh, Kossivi Apetse, Bénédicte Marèbe Diatewa, Sidik Abou-Bakr Domingo, Aidé Isabelle Agba, Koffi Didier Ayena, Koffi Agnon Balogou, Komi Patrice Balo
Myasthenia gravis is a rare acquired autoimmune pathology causing neuromuscular transmission impairment. Juvenile onset of myasthenia gravis is often characterized by ocular involvement. We report two cases of ocular juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) in two siblings. They were two young girls, XA and XB, aged 11 and 9 years, of Malian origin, residing in Togo, born from first-degree of consanguinity presenting to Ophthalmology due to progressive decrease in visual acuity. XA showed visual acuity 8/10 on both eyes while XB showed improvement in visual acuity from 3/10 to 7/10 using a pinhole occluder, suggesting ametropia...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Ivan Luptovčiak, George Komis, Tomáš Takáč, Miroslav Ovečka, Jozef Šamaj
KATANIN is a well-studied microtubule severing protein affecting microtubule organization and dynamic properties in higher plants. By regulating mitotic and cytokinetic and cortical microtubule arrays it is involved in the progression of cell division and cell division plane orientation. KATANIN is also involved in cell elongation and morphogenesis during plant growth. In this way KATANIN plays critical roles in diverse plant developmental processes including the development of pollen, embryo, seed, meristem, root, hypocotyl, cotyledon, leaf, shoot, and silique...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Mohammed A El-Magd, Ayman A Saleh, Abeer A Nafeaa, Shymaa M El-Komy, Mohamed A Afifi
The insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) gene is a member of the group of somatotropin axis genes that play a significant role in cell proliferation and growth of muscles. Here, we searched for polymorphisms in buffalo IGF1 and found two novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), G64A and G280A, in the noncoding sequences of exon 1 and exon 4, respectively. Statistical analysis of different genotypes showed that the individuals with GG genotypes had significantly (P<0.05) higher body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) than those with other genotypes at ages of 3-6 months in G64A SNP and 6-9 months in G280A SNP...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Jozef Samaj, George Komis, Dominik Novak, Miroslav Ovecka, Olga Samajova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Plant Physiology
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Oded Komy, Arik Wolak, Yoash Chassidim, Rachel Golan, Hilla Avni-Hassid, Avital Bilitzky, Benjamin Sarusi, Eyal Goshen, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background -We aimed to assess whether distinct lifestyle strategies can differentially affect specific body adipose depots. Methods -We performed an eighteen-month randomized controlled trial among 278 sedentary adults with abdominal obesity (75%) or dyslipidemia in an isolated workplace with a monitored provided lunch. Participants were randomized to iso-caloric low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet+28g walnuts/day with/without added moderate physical activity (PA;80% aerobic; supervised/free gym membership)...
November 15, 2017: Circulation
D Elieh Ali Komi, T Rambasek, L Bielory
The conjunctiva is a common site for the allergic inflammatory response due to it being highly vascularized, having constant exposure to environmental pollutants and allergenic pollens and having a unique conjunctival associated lymphoid tissue. The primary morbidity of anterior surface conjunctival disorders that include allergic conjunctivitis and tear film disorders is associated with its high frequency of involvement rather than its severity, although the more chronic forms can involve the cornea and lead to sight-threatening conditions...
November 6, 2017: Allergy
Atchi Walla, Faré Gnandi-Piou, Pilakimwé Egbohou, Komi Assogba, Mawuko Quacoe
INTRODUCTION: The literature review revealed that nowadays only about 15 cases of bilateral shoulder dislocation associated with the fracture of the upper end of the humerus have been published. The triad of lesional mechanism designated by the triple syndrome E composed of epilepsy, electrocution, and external trauma was the circumstances noted in which these fractures dislocations occur with migration of the two humeral heads either forward or backward. CASE REPORT: An architect of 36-year-old, right-handed, was admitted in emergency department for loss of knowledge of progressive installation...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Daniel Elieh Ali Komi, Korneel Grauwet
Mast cells secrete a wide spectrum of stored or newly synthesized pro-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory, and/or immunosuppressive mediators and express several costimulatory and inhibitory surface molecules. Mast cells finely tune activities of T cells, B cells, and regulatory cells and effectively contribute to the development of different T cell-associated responses by influencing their recruitment, activation, proliferation, and differentiation. The interaction between mast cells and T cells, with regard to cellular functionality and immune responses, can be assessed in both activating and inhibitory regulations...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Dziedzom Komi de Souza, Irene Offei Owusu, Joseph Otchere, Michelle Adimazoya, Kwadwo Frempong, Collins Stephen Ahorlu, Daniel Adjei Boakye, Michael David Wilson
The development of antibody testing for the diagnosis of lymphatic filariasis (LF) is intended to enhance the monitoring and evaluation activities of the Global Program for the Elimination of LF. This is due to the fact that antibody tests are expected to be the most sensitive at detecting exposure to LF compared to antigen that takes longer to develop. To this end a new antibody-based enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to Wuchereria bancrofti antigen Wb123 has been developed and further designed into a point of care rapid diagnostic test, under evaluation...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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