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Kei Mizuno, Junko Kawatani, Kanako Tajima, Akihiro T Sasaki, Tetsuya Yoneda, Masanori Komi, Toshinori Hirai, Akemi Tomoda, Takako Joudoi, Yasuyoshi Watanabe
Motivational signals influence a wide variety of cognitive processes and components of behavioral performance. Cognitive dysfunction in patients with childhood chronic fatigue syndrome (CCFS) may be closely associated with a low motivation to learn induced by impaired neural reward processing. However, the extent to which reward processing is impaired in CCFS patients is unclear. The aim of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was to determine whether brain activity in regions related to reward sensitivity is impaired in CCFS patients...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
Yuko Hakamata, Eisuke Sato, Shotaro Komi, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Shuhei Izawa, Norio Murayama, Takashi Hanakawa, Yusuke Inoue, Hirokuni Tagaya
The pulvinar is important in selective attention, particularly to visual stimuli under the focus of attention. However, the pulvinar is assumed to process emotional stimuli even outside the focus of attention, because of its tight connection with the amygdala. We therefore investigated how unattended emotional stimuli affect the pulvinar and its effective connectivity (EC) while considering individual differences in selective attention. fMRI in 41 healthy human subjects revealed that the amygdala, but not the pulvinar, more strongly responded to unattended fearful faces than to unattended neutral faces (UF > UN), although we observed greater EC from the pulvinar to the amygdala...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hiroyuki Oda, Kanae Sano, Yoko Kunimasa, Paavo V Komi, Masaki Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Patients who have had an Achilles tendon (AT) rupture repaired are potentially at higher risk for re-rupture than those without previous rupture. Little attention has been given to the neuromechanical modulation of muscle-tendon interaction and muscle activation profiles during human dynamic movements after AT rupture repair. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine muscle-tendon behavior and muscle activation during bilateral hopping. METHODS: We enrolled nine subjects who had undergone surgical repair of unilateral AT rupture within the past 1-2 years...
October 3, 2016: Sports Medicine
Vonor Kokou, Maneh Nidain, Nononsaa Batomguela Kassoula, Fiaty-Amenouvor Kwassi, Banla Meba, Balo Komi Patrice
INTRODUCTION: Describe the epidemiology of neonatal conjunctivitis in the Canton of Glidji in southern Togo. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 4 Satellite Health Care Units in the Canton of Glidji from 19 March to 13 May 2009 (8 weeks). All newborns were included in the study and neonatal conjunctivitis was defined by the presence in a newborn of at least two of the following signs: conjunctival hyperemia, eyelid swelling, chemosis, purulent discharges, lacrimation...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Motoyuki Nakamura, Fumitaka Tanaka, Ryousuke Komi, Kentarou Tanaka, Masayuki Onodera, Mikio Kawakami, Yorihiko Koeda, Toshiaki Sakai, Kozo Tanno, Toshiyuki Onoda, Yuki Matsura, Takashi Komatsu
This study investigated the long-term impact of the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami on the incidence of acute decompensated heart failure (HF) in the disaster area. This was a population-based study using comprehensive registration for all hospitals within the study area. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for new onset of HF during the disaster year (2011) and postdisaster years (2012 to 2014) were determined. When SIR were compared between the low- and high-impact areas, as defined by the extent of tsunami inundation in residential areas, SIR showed a significant increase in high-impact areas in 2011 (1...
August 13, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
M Riga, A Komis, P Maragkoudakis, G Korres, V Danielides
OBJECTIVE: Normative otoacoustic emission (OAE) suppression values are currently lacking and the role of cochlear efferent innervation in tinnitus is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between tinnitus and medial olivocochlear bundle (MOCB) malfunction. Potential suppression amplitude cut-off criteria that could differentiate participants with tinnitus from those without were sought. DESIGN: Mean suppression amplitudes of transient evoked OAEs and distortion product OAEs by contralateral white noise (50 dBSL) were recorded...
December 2016: International Journal of Audiology
Roland Csépányi-Kömi, Éva Wisniewski, Balázs Bartos, Petra Lévai, Tamás Németh, Bernadett Balázs, Angela R M Kurz, Susanne Bierschenk, Markus Sperandio, Erzsébet Ligeti
ARHGAP25 is a Rac-specific GTPase-activating protein that is expressed primarily in hematopoietic cells. The involvement of ARHGAP25 in regulating the recruitment of leukocytes to inflammatory sites was investigated in genetically modified mice. Using intravital microscopy, we show that Arhgap25 deficiency affects all steps of leukocyte recruitment with a predominant enhancement of transendothelial migration of neutrophilic granulocytes. Increased transmigration of Arhgap25-deficient leukocytes is demonstrated in inflamed cremaster muscle venules, in a peritonitis model, and in an in vitro chemotaxis assay...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Alexander Markov, Iuriy Solonin, Evgeniy Bojko
OBJECTIVES: It is known that professional occupation affects the heart rate variability (HRV). However, most studies have not taken into account seasonal features of the HRV. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the HRV differences in winter and in summer in the case of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM) workers and scientific workers from the Komi Science Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences...
2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Shotaro Komi, Yusuke Inoue, Hirofumi Hata, Ai Nakajima, Hiroki Miyatake
BACKGROUND: We investigated a practical method to measure peak filling rate (PFR) as an indicator of diastolic function of the left ventricle. Ten adult volunteers underwent cine MR imaging using steady-state free precession (SSFP) and phase contrast (PC) sequences to measure PFR. Two PC image sets were acquired at the mitral valve orifice, and PFR was determined from the set with high true temporal resolution (temporal PC method) or with high spatial resolution (spatial PC method). SSFP images covering the left ventricle were acquired, and a time-volume curve was generated around the peak filling phase...
2016: SpringerPlus
Komi Mati, Korede K Adegoke, Hamisu M Salihu
BACKGROUND: Despite the protective effect of male circumcision (MC) against HIV in men, the acceptance of voluntary MC in priority countries for MC scale-up such as Uganda remains limited. This study examined the role of women's sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge of HIV and sexual bargaining power as determinants of women's support of male circumcision (MC). METHODS: Data from the Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey, 2011 were analyzed (n = 4,874). Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses with random intercept were conducted to identify factors that influence women's support of MC...
2016: BMC Public Health
Emerson Franchini, Ursula F Julio, Valéria L G Panissa, Fábio S Lira, José Gerosa-Neto, Braulio H M Branco
PURPOSE: The present study investigated the effects of high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) on lower- and upper-body graded exercise and high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE, four Wingate bouts) performance, and on physiological and muscle damage markers responses in judo athletes. METHODS: Thirty-five subjects were randomly allocated to a control group (n = 8) or to one of the following HIIT groups (n = 9 for each) and tested pre- and post-four weeks (2 training d·wk(-1)): (1) lower-body cycle-ergometer; (2) upper-body cycle-ergometer; (3) uchi-komi (judo technique entrance)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Daniel Elieh Ali Komi, Tohid Kazemi, Anton Pieter Bussink
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: CHI3L1 (also known as YKL-40), a member of "mammalian chitinase-like proteins," is a serum protein lacking enzymatic activity. Although the protein is highly conserved in mammals, a consensus regarding its role in human pathologies is currently lacking. In an attempt to shed light on the many physiological functions of the protein, specifically with regard to asthma, a comprehensive overview of recent studies is provided. RECENT FINDINGS: In asthma, CHI3L1 is secreted from macrophages and airway epithelial cells through an IL-13 related mechanism...
August 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Anat Yaskolka Meir, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Yftach Gepner, Lilac Tene, Hila Zelicha, Gal Tsaban, Avital Bilitzky, Oded Komy, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Yoash Chassidim, Lior Zeller, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Meir J Stampfer, Assaf Rudich, Iris Shai
It remains unclear whether intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) has any metabolic influence or whether it is merely a marker of abnormalities, as well as what are the effects of specific lifestyle strategies for weight loss on the dynamics of both IMAT and thigh muscle area (TMA). We followed the trajectory of IMAT and TMA during 18-mo lifestyle intervention among 278 sedentary participants with abdominal obesity, using magnetic resonance imaging. We measured the resting metabolic rate (RMR) by an indirect calorimeter...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Tatiana M Tiunova, Nikita Kluge
The taxon Paraleptophlebia Lestage 1917 is accepted here in generic rank, so rank of Neoleptophlebia Kluge 1997 is also raised from subgenus to genus, and the following new combinations are proposed: Neoleptophlebia adoptiva (McDunnough 1929) comb. n., N. assimilis (Banks 1914) comb. n., N. erratica (Kang & Yang 1994) comb. n., N. heteronea (McDunnough 1924) comb. n., N. japonica (Matsumura 1931) comb. n. (= Paraleptophlebia chocolata Imanishi 1937), N. mollis (Eaton 1871) comb. n., N. memorialis (Eaton 1884) comb...
2016: Zootaxa
Leo D Wang, Scott B Ficarro, John N Hutchinson, Roland Csepanyi-Komi, Phi T Nguyen, Eva Wisniewski, Jessica Sullivan, Oliver Hofmann, Erzsebet Ligeti, Jarrod A Marto, Amy J Wagers
Protein phosphorylation is a central mechanism of signal transduction that both positively and negatively regulates protein function. Large-scale studies of the dynamic phosphorylation states of cell signaling systems have been applied extensively in cell lines and whole tissues to reveal critical regulatory networks, and candidate-based evaluations of phosphorylation in rare cell populations have also been informative. However, application of comprehensive profiling technologies to adult stem cell and progenitor populations has been challenging, due in large part to the scarcity of such cells in adult tissues...
September 15, 2016: Blood
Xia Yang, Komi Nambou, Liujing Wei, Qiang Hua
Herein, we studied the heterologous production of α-farnesene, a valuable sesquiterpene with various biotechnological applications, by metabolic engineering of Yarrowia lipolytica. Different overexpression vectors harboring combinations of tHMG1, IDI, ERG20 and codon-optimized α-farnesene synthase (OptFS) genes were constructed and integrated into the genome of Y. lipolytica Po1h. The engineered strain produced 57.08±1.43mg/L of α-farnesene corresponding to 20.8-fold increase over the initial production of 2...
September 2016: Bioresource Technology
Girish Ramachandran, Komi Aheto, Mark E Shirtliff, Sharon M Tennant
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, an enteric pathogen that causes a self-limiting gastroenteritis, forms biofilms on different surfaces. In sub-Saharan Africa, Salmonella Typhimurium of a novel sequence type (ST) 313 was identified and produces septicemia in the absence of gastroenteritis. No animal reservoir has been identified, and it is hypothesized that transmission occurs via human to human. In this study, we show that invasive Salmonella Typhimurium ST313 strains from Mali are poor biofilm producers compared to Salmonella Typhimurium ST19 strains, which are found worldwide and are known to be associated with gastroenteritis...
July 2016: Pathogens and Disease
Hirofumi Hata, Yusuke Inoue, Ai Nakajima, Shotaro Komi, Hiroki Miyatake
PURPOSE: We quantitatively investigated hepatic enhancement in gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at 1.5T and 3.0T. METHODS: A total of 40 patients who underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MR imaging were included in the study. Precontrast and hepatobiliary-phase images acquired at a low flip angle (FA, 12°) and hepatobiliary-phase images acquired at a high FA (30°) were analyzed. From these images, the liver-to-muscle signal intensity ratio (LMR) and liver-to-spleen signal intensity ratio (LSR) were estimated, and the contrast enhancement ratio (CER) was calculated from the liver signal, LMR, and LSR as the ratio of the low-FA hepatobiliary-phase value to the precontrast value...
April 28, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Krisztina Ella, Roland Csépányi-Kömi, Krisztina Káldi
Neutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes in human blood. Beside being essential responders in bacterial and fungal infections, they also contribute to tissue reactions in many autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Although several immune responses linked to neutrophil functions have been described to be rhythmic, the mechanism of the circadian regulation of these cells is still not understood. Characterization of the time-of-day-specific control of neutrophil responsiveness could help to better understand the pathomechanism of these inflammatory responses and design effective chronotherapy...
October 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Artem S Polugrudov, Alexander S Panev, Vasily V Smirnov, Nikita M Paderin, Mikhail F Borisenkov, Sergey V Popov
The discrepancy between biological and social rhythms known as social jetlag (SJL) is common in modern society and has a range of negative consequences for cognitive functioning, well-being and health. Social jetlag is typical for people with late chronotypes. As shown earlier, the prevalence of individuals with a late chronotype is higher among the residents of high latitudes. Therefore, a higher rate of detection of people with SJL should be expected in the North. In this study we assessed the detection rate of SJL among 62 young inhabitants of the European North of Russia (the Komi Republic), and the relationship between SJL, the circadian rhythm of the wrist temperature, and the cortisol awakening response (CAR)...
2016: Chronobiology International
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