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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536754/movement-amplitude-on-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-deep-spinal-muscle-activity-and-movement-control
#1
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, L Samson, T Weber, Nick Caplan
PURPOSE: Lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) show altered motor control, and LM is atrophied, in people with low-back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) involves cyclical lower-limb movement against minimal resistance in an upright posture. It has been shown to recruit LM and TrA automatically, and may have potential as an intervention for non-specific LBP. However, no studies have yet investigated the effects of changes in FRED movement amplitude on the activity of these muscles...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533585/comparison-of-abdominal-muscle-activity-and-peak-expiratory-flow-between-forced-vital-capacity-and-fast-expiration-exercise
#2
Hiroshi Ishida, Tadanobu Suehiro, Susumu Watanabe
[Purpose] The purpose of this investigation was to compare the activities of the abdominal muscles and peak expiratory flow between forced vital capacity and fast expiration exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen healthy male participated in this study. Peak expiratory flow and electromyographic activities of the rectus abdominis, external oblique, and internal oblique/transversus abdominis muscles were measured during forced vital capacity and fast expiration exercise and then peak amplitude and its appearance time were obtained...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532880/abdominal-muscle-activity-during-breathing-in-different-postural-sets-in-healthy-subjects
#3
António Mesquita Montes, Sara Gouveia, Carlos Crasto, Cristina Argel de Melo, Paulo Carvalho, Rita Santos, João Paulo Vilas-Boas
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of different postural sets on abdominal muscle activity during breathing in healthy subjects. METHODS: Twenty-nine higher education students (20.86 ± 1.48 years; 9 males) breathed at the same rhythm (inspiration: 2 s; expiration: 4 s) in supine, standing, tripod and 4-point-kneeling positions. Surface electromyography was performed to assess the activation intensity of rectus abdominis, external oblique and transversus abdominis/internal oblique muscles during inspiration and expiration...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528536/efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-rectus-sheath-block-with-ropivacaine-and-dexmedetomidine-in-elderly-high-risk-patients-undergoing-emergency-abdominal-surgery
#4
Lili Xu, Zhiyong Hu, Jianjun Shen, Patrick M McQuillan
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and rectus sheath (RS) blocks with ropivacaine and dexmedetomidine in elderly, high-risk patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery. METHODS: Sixty elderly patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery receiving both bilateral ultrasound-guided TAP and RS blocks were randomly divided into two groups: R+D (10 ml of 0.25% ropivacaine+0...
May 19, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526467/bloqueio-cir%C3%A3%C2%BArgico-do-plano-transverso-abdominal-versus-guiado-por-ultrassom-em-pacientes-obesas-ap%C3%A3-s-ces%C3%A3-rea-estudo-prospectivo-e-randomizado
#5
Aykut Urfalıoğlu, Murat Bakacak, Ömer Faruk Boran, Fatih Mehmet Yazar, Mahmut Arslan, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block demonstrated efficacy in providing post-operative analgesia by prolonging the time to first analgesic requirement and reducing the total analgesic consumption. The surgical transversus abdominis plane block, a novel technique, can be performed safely in obese patients in whom muscle layers cannot be sufficiently exposed. Here, we compared applicability, efficacy and complications of surgical transversus abdominis plane and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks in obese pregnant women following cesarean section under general anesthesia...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506947/comparison-of-bilateral-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-wound-infiltration-with-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-cesarean-delivery
#6
Ümit Görkem, Kamuran Koçyiğit, Cihan Toğrul, Tayfun Güngör
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare efficacy, safety, pain intensity and analgesic consumption in patients receiving either bilateral transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block or wound infiltration with bupivacaine after cesarean delivery (CD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 216 parturient women undergoing CD under general anesthesia were randomly allocated into five groups: i) controls (group 1), ii) TAP placebo (group 2), iii) TAP (group 3), iv) wound infiltration placebo (group 4), and, v) wound infiltration (group 5)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503815/body-mass-normalization-for-lateral-abdominal-muscle-thickness-measurements-in-adolescent-athletes
#7
Pawel Linek
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of allometric parameters for ultrasound measurements of the oblique external (OE), oblique internal (OI), and transversus abdominis (TrA) muscles in adolescent athletes. The allometric parameter is the slope of the linear regression line between the log-transformed body mass and log-transformed muscle size measurement. METHODS: The study included 114 male adolescent football players between the ages of 10 and 19 years. All individuals with no surgical procedures performed on the trunk area and who had played a sport for at least 2 years were included...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503534/effects-of-three-spinal-stabilization-techniques-on-activation-and-thickness-of-abdominal-muscle
#8
Byeong-Jo Kim, Su-Kyoung Lee
In this study, we examine the thickness of the abdominal muscle and its activity during the performance of the three drawing-in methods. The subjects were 20 healthy male and female students in their 20s. Using ultrasonography and electromyography, the experimenter measured the thickness of the transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle, internal oblique (IO) muscle and external oblique (EO) muscle. The ultrasonography measurements for the drawing-in manoeuver (DI), abdominal bracing, and posterior pelvic tilt (PT) techniques were 0...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494906/the-effect-of-morphine-added-to-bupivacaine-in-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-following-lower-abdominal-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Fatma Adel El Sherif, Sahar Abdel-Baky Mohamed, Shereen Mamdouh Kamal
OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block used for management of surgical abdominal pain by injecting local anesthetics into the plane between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. We aimed to explore the effect of adding morphine to bupivacaine in ultrasound guided TAP-block in patients undergoing lower abdominal cancer surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, prospective study. Clinical trial identifier: NCT02566096. SETTING: Academic medical center...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494892/postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-single-shot-and-continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Yun-Mi Choi, Gyeong-Jo Byeon, Soon-Ji Park, Young-Min Ok, Sang-Wook Shin, Kwangho Yang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided single-shot and continuous transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block to that of IV-PCA in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Post-anesthesia care unit and General ward. PATIENTS: 108 American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status I-II patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472015/laparoscopic-assisted-tranversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-versus-ultrasonography-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-postlaparoscopic-cholecystectomy-pain-relief-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Niranjan T Ravichandran, Sarath C Sistla, Pankaj Kundra, S Manwar Ali, Baskaran Dhanapal, Indira Galidevara
OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for postoperative analgesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy is usually given under ultrasound guidance. Laparoscopic-assisted TAP block has been suggested as an alternative to ultrasonogram (USG)-guided block as it is less time consuming and does not need extra equipments. This study was done to compare the efficacy of both the techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial between October 2012 and June 2014 involving adult patients with symptomatic gall stone disease...
May 3, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465030/twente-spine-model-a-complete-and-coherent-dataset-for-musculo-skeletal-modeling-of-the-thoracic-and-cervical-regions-of-the-human-spine
#12
Riza Bayoglu, Leo Geeraedts, Karlijn H J Groenen, Nico Verdonschot, Bart Koopman, Jasper Homminga
Musculo-skeletal modeling could play a key role in advancing our understanding of the healthy and pathological spine, but the credibility of such models are strictly dependent on the accuracy of the anatomical data incorporated. In this study, we present a complete and coherent musculo-skeletal dataset for the thoracic and cervical regions of the human spine, obtained through detailed dissection of an embalmed male cadaver. We divided the muscles into a number of muscle-tendon elements, digitized their attachments at the bones, and measured morphological muscle parameters...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446926/are-we-ready-for-the-eras-protocol-in-colorectal-surgery
#13
Michał Kisielewski, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Marcin Migaczewski, Marcin Dembiński, Piotr Major, Kazimierz Rembiasz, Andrzej Budzyński
INTRODUCTION: Modern perioperative care principles in elective colorectal surgery have already been established by international surgical authorities. Nevertheless, barriers to the introduction of routine evidence-based clinical care and changing dogmas still exist. One of the factors is the surgeon. AIM: To assess perioperative care trends in elective colorectal surgery among general surgery consultants in surgical departments in Malopolska Voivodeship, Poland...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437332/ultrasound-assessment-of-the-abdominal-muscles-at-rest-and-during-the-aslr-test-among-adolescents-with-scoliosis
#14
Paweł Linek, Edward Saulicz, Michał Kuszewski, Tomasz Wolny
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. OBJECTIVE: Are there deviations in the thickness of abdominal muscles at rest in individuals with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS)? Are there deviations in abdominal muscular activity in people with AIS during the active straight leg raise (ASLR) test? SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ultrasound imaging can be used to assess the lateral abdominal muscle. Some authors suggest that scoliosis develops through a weakness or improper functioning of the abdominal muscles that cannot provide adequate support to the spinal segments...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431724/retrosternal-implantation-of-the-cardioverter-defibrillator-lead-in-an-infant
#15
Hiroaki Hata, Naokata Sumitomo, Toshiko Nakai, Atsushi Amano
Using an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in small children is still challenging, but the need is increasing. We present a new approach to overcoming ICD problems caused by growth in infants. A redundant ICD lead was fixed to the superior border of the sternum and tunneled retrosternally to the subxiphoid region for connection to the generator, which was placed in a pocket beneath the left transversus abdominis muscle. The redundant retrosternal part of the lead straightened during growth, while cardiac coverage by the cardioversion energy field and the defibrillation vector were maintained appropriately...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413294/response-to-the-letter-for-the-article-use-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-as-an-anesthetic-technique-in-a-high-risk-patient-for-abdominal-wall-surgery
#17
Samina Ismail, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Sana Urooj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413286/transversus-abdominis-plane-catheters-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Sumitra G Bakshi, Jeson R Doctor, Bhakti D Trivedi, Sajid S Qureshi
Regional techniques provides excellent post operative pain relief in pediatric patients. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a newer regional technique available. Though there is emerging evidence proving the efficacy of TAP blocks, there is limited literature on use of TAP catheters in pediatric patients. TAP catheters were placed in two children following laparotomy with transverse incisions and in both epidural was avoided, with good post operative pain relief. Ultrasound guidance was used in one child, while in the other the catheter was placed under direct vision after dissection of the plane between transversus abdominis and internal oblique...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410762/ultrasound-assessment-of-abdominal-muscle-thickness-in-women-with-and-without-low-back-pain-during-pregnancy
#19
Carol Ann Weis, Jennifer Nash, John J Triano, Jon Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary study was to determine the differences in abdominal musculature thickness, within 1 month of delivery, in women who experienced back pain during pregnancy compared with those who did not. METHODS: B-mode ultrasound imaging was used to measure abdominal muscle thickness on 76 postpartum participants who participated in a larger study; 47 women experienced back pain during pregnancy, and 29 did not. Participant data were stratified by group, and primary comparisons were based on these grouping across the abdominal muscles, including rectus abdominis (upper and lower fibers), external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominis...
May 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408712/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-surgery-using-transversus-abdominis-plane-block
#20
Dean Markić, Božidar Vujičić, Mladen Ivanovski, Kristian Krpina, Antun Gršković, Dražen Rahelić, Nino Rubinić, Željko Župan, Hrvoje Lasić, Mauro Materljan, Sanjin Rački
♦Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter surgery can be performed using regional anesthesia. We present our PD catheter placement and extraction experience using ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. ♦ Methods: In the present study, we analyzed 74 patients from our center with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent PD catheter placement (60 patients) and removal (14 patients) using a TAP block between June 2011 and December 2015. ♦ Results: The TAP block was successful for 55/60 (91...
April 13, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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