Read by QxMD icon Read


Michael Akerman, Nada Pejčić, Ivan Veličković
The use of truncal nerve blocks has been described since 2001. Since then, there have been many studies trying to understand the ideal clinical scenarios for its use. Since 2001, the transversus abdominis plane block has evolved in many ways including from landmark based technique to ultrasound guided and more recently, into the quadratus lumborum (QL) block. Its anatomical placement, concentration of local anesthetic, volume of local anesthetic, and anatomic placement have all been raised as clinical questions...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
J D Hodgkinson, C A Leo, Y Maeda, P Bassett, S M Oke, C J Vaizey, J Warusavitarne
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the outcomes of posterior component separation and transversus abdominis release (PCSTAR) with the open anterior component separation (OACS) technique. OACS, first described by Ramirez et al. (Plast Reconstr Surg 86(3):519-526, 1990), has become an established technique for local myofascial advancement in abdominal hernia surgery. PCSTAR, described by Novitsky et al. (Am J Surg 204(5):709-716, 2012), is being used more frequently and is rapidly becoming the technique of choice in complex ventral hernia repair...
March 7, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Marcin Mieszko Mieszkowski, Ewa Mayzner-Zawadzka, Bułat Tuyakov, Marta Mieszkowska, Maciej Żukowski, Tomasz Waśniewski, Dariusz Onichimowski
OBJECTIVES: Quadratus Lumborum Block in contrast to Transversus Abdominis Plane Block contains a unique component which not only stops somatic pain but also inhibits visceral pain by spreading the local anesthetic to the paravertebral space. This study was designed to determine whether performing the Quadratus Lumborum Block type I in patients un-dergoing cesarean section would be associated with both decreased morphine consumption and decreased pain levels in the postoperative 48-hour period...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Karima Karam Khan, Robyna Irshad Khan
BACKGROUND: Pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is mild to moderate in intensity. Several modalities are employed for achieving safe and effective postoperative analgesia, the benefits of which adds to the early recovery of the patients. As a part of multimodal analgesia, various approaches of Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been used for management of parietal and incisional components of pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This study was designed to compare the analgesic efficacy of two different approaches of ultrasound guided TAP block, i...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Tamaya Van Criekinge, Steven Truijen, Chelsea Verbruggen, Lotte Van de Venis, Wim Saeys
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review to examine the effect of static or dynamic trunk training compared to standard care or control therapy on muscle activity and muscle thickness of the trunk and lower limb muscles in stroke survivors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was registered on PROSPERO (no: CRD42017063771) and was written according to the PRISMA guidelines. The search strategy included studies from the first indexed article until September 2017 and was performed in the electronical databases PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline and PEDro...
March 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Alvaro Robin-Lersundi, Luis Blazquez Hernando, Javier López-Monclús, Arturo Cruz Cidoncha, Carlos San Miguel Méndez, Elena Jimenez Cubedo, Miguel Angel García-Ureña
BACKGROUND: Posterior component separation with transversus abdominis release technique is increasingly being used for abdominal wall reconstruction in complex abdominal wall repair. The main purpose of this study is to present a modification of the surgical technique originally described that facilitates the surgical procedure and offers additional advantages. METHODS: Based on the knowledge of the anatomy of the retromuscular space and the preperitoneal aerolar tissue distribution, we start the incision on the posterior rectus sheath from the arcuate line in a down to up direction...
March 3, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Tadanobu Suehiro, Hiroshi Ishida, Kenichi Kobara, Hiroshi Osaka, Susumu Watanabe
Changes in the recruitment pattern of trunk muscles may contribute to the development of recurrent or chronic symptoms in people with low back pain (LBP). However, the recruitment pattern of trunk muscles during lifting tasks associated with a high risk of LBP has not been clearly determined in recurrent LBP. The present study aimed to investigate potential differences in trunk muscles recruitment patterns between individuals with recurrent LBP and asymptomatic individuals during lifting. The subjects were 25 individuals with recurrent LBP and 20 asymptomatic individuals...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
E Johnson, S Bauquier, J Carter, T Whittem, T Beths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Takamune Sugimoto, Masami Yokogawa, Hiroichi Miaki, Sachiko Madokoro, Takao Nakagawa
[Purpose] It has been reported that exercises focusing upon the transversus abdominis (TrA) ameliorate low back pain (LBP). We investigated whether expiratory muscle training (EMT) can promote activity of the TrA to the same degree as the abdominal drawing-in manoeuvre (ADIM) in elderly individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-one elderly subjects (9 males, 12 females; mean age, 84.9 ± 6.6 years) without LBP symptoms were included. Using ultrasound imaging we measured changes in thickness of the lateral abdominal muscles, TrA, internal oblique muscle (IO), and external oblique muscle (EO) during ADIM and EMT...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
S C Ng, A S Habib, S Sodha, B Carvalho, P Sultan
BACKGROUND: The optimal local-anaesthetic (LA) dose for transversus-abdominis-plane (TAP) block is unclear. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to determine whether TAP blocks for Caesarean delivery (CD) with low-dose (LD) LA demonstrated non-inferiority in terms of analgesic efficacy, compared with high-dose (HD) LA. METHODS: A literature search was performed for randomised controlled trials examining the analgesic efficacy of TAP blocks vs control after CD. The different dosing used in these studies was classified as HD or LD (bupivacaine equivalents >50 or ≤50 mg per block side, respectively)...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Lucas W Thornblade, Yongwoo D Seo, Tracy Kwan, Jane H Cardoso, Eric Pan, Gregory Dembo, Raymond S W Yeung, James O Park
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are now commonplace in many fields of surgery, but only limited data exists for their use in hepatobiliary surgery. We implemented standardized ERAS protocols for all open hepatectomies and replaced thoracic epidurals with a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing open hepatectomy during the 14 months before and 19 months after implementation of an ERAS protocol at our institution (January 2014-September 2016)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Lin Liu, Yan-Hu Xie, Wei Zhang, Xiao-Qing Chai
<br><br>Objectives: To assess the analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in patients undergoing colorectal surgery (CRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases of PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Embase were searched, and randomized controlled studies (RCTs) that compared TAP block to control for relief of postoperative pain in patients who underwent CRS were included. Outcomes including postoperative pain at rest and at movement, morphine use, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), and the length of hospital stay, were analyzed using STATA software...
February 1, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Di Zhang, Xianda Gao, Jiang Jiang, Yong Shen, Wenyuan Ding, Huixian Cui
PURPOSE: This study aims to find a safe and easy-to-perform strategy for lumbar pedicle screw insertion based on anatomical landmarks. METHODS: From March 2011 to January 2012, 74 patients underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion using the new-designed screw insertion technique. During the operation, the entry site for screw insertion was on the outer edge of the superior facet joint, 4 mm downward from upper border of processus transversus...
February 2, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Takahiro Tamura, Kana Kitamura, Shuichi Yokota, Shigeki Ito, Yasuyuki Shibata, Kimitoshi Nishiwaki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several types of quadratus lumborum block (QLB) are used for postoperative analgesia and are believed to be effective against both somatic and visceral pain via a local anesthetic (LA) effect in the paravertebral space (PVS). However, it remains unclear whether all QLB techniques result in LA spread into the PVS. We hypothesized that LA administered via intramuscular QLB would spread into the paravertebral space and investigated the spread and sensory block area of LA in intramuscular QLB...
January 31, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Elisabeth Hain, Léon Maggiori, Justine Prost À la Denise, Yves Panis
AIM: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a locoregional anesthesia technique of growing interest in abdominal surgery. However, its efficacy following laparoscopic colorectal surgery is still debated. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of TAP-block after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHOD: All comparative studies focusing on TAP-block after laparoscopic colorectal surgery have been systematically identified through the MEDLINE database, reviewed and included...
January 30, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
J J Staker, D Liu, R Church, D J Carlson, M Panahkhahi, A Lim, T LeCong
This study investigated the efficacy of a new ilioinguinal-transversus abdominis plane block when used as a component of multimodal analgesia. We conducted a prospective, triple-blind, placebo-controlled randomised study of 100 women undergoing elective caesarean section. All women had spinal anaesthesia with hyperbaric bupivacaine, 15 μg fentanyl and 150 μg morphine, as well as 100 mg diclofenac and 1.5 g paracetamol rectally. Women were randomly allocated to receive the ilioinguinal-transversus abdominis plane block or a sham block at the end of surgery...
January 29, 2018: Anaesthesia
Wenjing Du, Huihui Li, Olatunji Mumini Omisore, Lei Wang, Wenmin Chen, Xiangjun Sun
BACKGROUND: Muscular performance is an important factor for the mechanical stability of lumbar spine in humans, in which, the co-contraction of lumbar muscles plays a key role. We hypothesized that when executing different daily living motions, the performance of the lumbar muscle co-contraction stabilization mechanism varies between patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and healthy controls. Hence, in this study, co-contraction performance of lumbar muscles between patients with LDH and healthy subjects was explored to check if there are significant differences between the two groups when performing four representative movements...
January 24, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Ahmad M Abd El-Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Pain Physician
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"