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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100168/effects-of-pleistocene-sea-level-fluctuations-on-mangrove-population-dynamics-a-lesson-from-sonneratia-alba
#1
Yuchen Yang, Jianfang Li, Shuhuan Yang, Xinnian Li, Lu Fang, Cairong Zhong, Norman C Duke, Renchao Zhou, Suhua Shi
BACKGROUND: A large-scale systematical investigation of the influence of Pleistocene climate oscillation on mangrove population dynamics could enrich our knowledge about the evolutionary history during times of historical climate change, which in turn may provide important information for their conservation. RESULTS: In this study, phylogeography of a mangrove tree Sonneratia alba was studied by sequencing three chloroplast fragments and seven nuclear genes. A low level of genetic diversity at the population level was detected across its range, especially at the range margins, which was mainly attributed to the steep sea-level drop and associated climate fluctuations during the Pleistocene glacial periods...
January 18, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098580/an-investigation-of-treatment-engagement-among-returning-veterans-with-problematic-anger
#2
Kirsten H Dillon, Eric F Crawford, Harold Kudler, Kristy A Straits-Troster, Eric B Elbogen, Patrick S Calhoun
Anger is a commonly reported problem among returning veterans, yet little attention has been devoted to studying treatment engagement among veterans who report anger problems but do not have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study compares Iraq-Afghanistan veterans with anger/no PTSD (n = 159) to others reporting significant PTSD symptoms (n = 285) and those reporting neither anger nor PTSD (n = 716) on rates of treatment utilization, perceived barriers to treatment, and preferences for care. Relative to the PTSD group, the anger/no-PTSD group was significantly less likely to have received mental health treatment in the last year, despite endorsing barriers to treatment at a lower rate...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088980/indicators-for-continuous-quality-improvement-for-otitis-media-in-primary-health-care-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children
#3
Beverly Sibthorpe, Jason Agostino, Harvey Coates, Sharon Weeks, Deborah Lehmann, Marianne Wood, Francis Lannigan, Daniel McAullay
Otitis media is a common, generally self-limiting childhood illness that can progress to severe disease and have lifelong sequelae, including hearing loss and developmental delays. Severe disease is disproportionately prevalent among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. Primary health care is at the frontline of appropriate prevention and treatment. Continuous quality improvement in the prevention and management of important causes of morbidity in client populations is accepted best practice in primary health care and now a requirement of Australian Government funding to services providing care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children...
January 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078479/follow-up-cancer-care-perspectives-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-cancer-survivors
#4
J A Meiklejohn, G Garvey, R Bailie, E Walpole, J Adams, D Williamson, J Martin, C M Bernardes, B Arley, B Marcusson, P C Valery
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore Indigenous Australian cancer survivors' perspectives of follow-up cancer care and management.. METHODS: This is a qualitative study employing individual interviews with 21 Indigenous cancer survivors (13 females, 8 males) recruited from a rural primary health service and large tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Queensland. Yarning methods were used to conduct semi-structured interviews. Yarning is a culturally appropriate, informal conversational process emphasising the importance of storytelling...
January 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#5
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076432/development-of-a-humane-slaughter-device-for-green-turtles-for-use-by-traditional-owners-in-the-torres-strait-islands-australia
#6
Mark Flint, Paul C Mills, Frank Loban, Tristan Simpson, Stan Lui, Ronald Fujii, Don Whap, Jaylene B Flint, Helen Owen
Marine turtles are caught and slaughtered for consumption as part of traditional indigenous community harvest in Australia as well as in many countries in which marine turtles can be found. However, changes to the Animal Care and Protection Act 2001 in 2012 resulted in Australian indigenous hunters becoming potentially liable to prosecution for using traditional practices to slaughter marine turtles. To provide indigenous hunters with an alternative scientifically tested method to hunt, we developed and tested a humane method as an option to use in indigenous communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069870/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#7
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (39%) contributes substantially to health inequalities. This study assesses the impact of warning labels on quitting and related thoughts and behaviours for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited from communities served by 34 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services and communities in the Torres Strait, Australia, using quota sampling...
January 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068977/alcohol-management-plans-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-indigenous-australian-communities-in-queensland-community-residents-have-experienced-favourable-impacts-but-also-suffered-unfavourable-ones
#8
Alan R Clough, Stephen A Margolis, Adrian Miller, Anthony Shakeshaft, Christopher M Doran, Robyn McDermott, Robert Sanson-Fisher, Valmae Ypinazar, David Martin, Jan A Robertson, Michelle S Fitts, Katrina Bird, Bronwyn Honorato, Simon Towle, Caryn West
BACKGROUND: In Australia, 'Alcohol Management Plans' (AMPs) provide the policy infrastructure for State and Commonwealth Governments to address problematic alcohol use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. We report community residents' experiences of AMPs in 10 of Queensland's 15 remote Indigenous communities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a two-stage sampling strategy: N = 1211; 588 (48%) males, 623 (52%) females aged ≥18 years in 10 communities...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068374/a-five-year-in-situ-growth-study-on-shallow-water-populations-of-the-gorgonian-octocoral-calcigorgia-spiculifera-in-the-gulf-of-alaska
#9
Robert P Stone, Patrick W Malecha, Michele M Masuda
Gorgonian octocorals are the most abundant corals in Alaska where they provide important structural habitat for managed species of demersal fish and invertebrates. Fifty-nine gorgonian species have been reported from Alaska waters but little is known about their life history characteristics to help us gauge their ability to recover from seafloor disturbance. Colonies of the holaxonian Calcigorgia spiculifera were tagged beginning in 1999 at three sites in Chatham Strait, Southeast Alaska, using scuba and their growth measured annually for up to 5 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056974/an-evaluation-of-the-telehealth-facilitation-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-care-in-remote-australian-indigenous-communities-protocol-for-the-telehealth-eye-and-associated-medical-services-network-teamsnet-project-a-pre-post-study-design
#10
Laima Brazionis, Alicia Jenkins, Anthony Keech, Chris Ryan, Sven-Erik Bursell
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial investment in detection, early intervention and evidence-based treatments, current management strategies for diabetes-associated retinopathy and cardiovascular disease are largely based on real-time and face-to-face approaches. There are limited data re telehealth facilitation in type 2 diabetes management. Therefore, we aim to investigate efficacy of telehealth facilitation of diabetes and cardiovascular disease care in high-risk vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in remote/very remote Australia...
January 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054417/aboriginal-prisoners-and-cognitive-impairment-the-impact-of-dual-disadvantage-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#11
S M Shepherd, J R P Ogloff, D Shea, J E Pfeifer, Y Paradies
BACKGROUND: Negligible information is available regarding the Social and Emotional Wellbeing (SEWB) needs of Aboriginal Australian individuals in custody with cognitive impairment. This is problematic given that Aboriginal people with cognitive impairment often experience dual disadvantage in the context of the justice system. This study sought to ascertain the relationship between cognitive impairment and mental health/cultural needs (SEWB) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031799/assessing-polar-bear-ursus-maritimus-population-structure-in-the-hudson-bay-region-using-snps
#12
Michelle Viengkone, Andrew Edward Derocher, Evan Shaun Richardson, René Michael Malenfant, Joshua Moses Miller, Martyn E Obbard, Markus G Dyck, Nick J Lunn, Vicki Sahanatien, Corey S Davis
Defining subpopulations using genetics has traditionally used data from microsatellite markers to investigate population structure; however, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have emerged as a tool for detection of fine-scale structure. In Hudson Bay, Canada, three polar bear (Ursus maritimus) subpopulations (Foxe Basin (FB), Southern Hudson Bay (SH), and Western Hudson Bay (WH)) have been delineated based on mark-recapture studies, radiotelemetry and satellite telemetry, return of marked animals in the subsistence harvest, and population genetics using microsatellites...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030331/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-cucullanus-bourdini-petter-et-le-bel-1992-ascaridida-cucullanidae-from-the-yellowback-fusilier-caesio-xanthonota-bleeker-perciformes-caesionidae
#13
Zhen Xu, Hui-Xia Chen, Hui-Dong Ju, Liang Li
The detailed morphology of Cucullanus bourdini Petter et Le Bel, 1992 was further studied using both light and scanning electron microscopy, based on specimens collected from the yellowback fusilier Caesio xanthonota Bleeker (Perciformes: Caesionidae) from off the Taiwan Strait. In addition, C. bourdini was characterized genetically for the first time using molecular approaches by sequencing and analysing ribosomal [small ribosomal subunit (18S rDNA) and internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS-2)] and mitochondrial [cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1)] target regions...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017908/the-child-protection-and-juvenile-justice-nexus-in-australia-a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relationship-between-maltreatment-and-offending
#14
Catia G Malvaso, Paul H Delfabbro, Andrew Day
There is convincing evidence that many young people who are in the justice system have had contact with child protection services and that victims of childhood maltreatment are at increased risk of subsequent youth justice involvement. In Australia, however, there have been few longitudinal studies that have examined these associations and relatively less is known in this area. This study examines the overlap between the child protection and youth justice involvement in South Australia, and determines how substantiated maltreatment and variations in these experiences (e...
December 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012216/clones-or-clans-the-genetic-structure-of-a-deep-sea-sponge-aphrocallistes-vastus-in-unique-sponge-reefs-of-british-columbia-canada
#15
Rachel R Brown, Corey S Davis, Sally P Leys
Understanding patterns of reproduction, dispersal and recruitment in deep sea communities is increasingly important with the need to manage resource extraction and conserve species diversity. Glass sponges are usually found in deep water (>1000 m) worldwide but form kilometer-long reefs on the continental shelf of British Columbia and Alaska that are under threat from trawling and resource exploration. Due to their deep water habitat, larvae have not yet been found and the level of genetic connectivity between reefs and non-reef communities is unknown...
December 24, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011808/cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-developing-an-advanced-cancer-data-system-for-aboriginal-people-in-south-australia-a-mixed-methods-research-protocol
#16
Paul Henry Yerrell, David Roder, Margaret Cargo, Rachel Reilly, David Banham, Jasmine May Micklem, Kim Morey, Harold Bundamurra Stewart, Janet Stajic, Michael Norris, Alex Brown
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People carry a greater burden of cancer-related mortality than non-Aboriginal Australians. The Cancer Data and Aboriginal Disparities Project aims to develop and test an integrated, comprehensive cancer monitoring and surveillance system capable of incorporating epidemiological and narrative data to address disparities and advocate for clinical system change. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Advanced Cancer Data System will integrate routinely collected unit record data from the South Australian Population Cancer Registry and a range of other data sources for a retrospective cohort of indigenous people with cancers diagnosed from 1990 to 2010...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007382/analysis-of-bloom-conditions-in-fall-2013-in-the-strait-of-hormuz-using-satellite-observations-and-model-simulations
#17
Jun Zhao, Marouane Temimi, Muchamad Al Azhar, Hosni Ghedira
In this study an algal bloom event in fall 2013 in the Strait of Hormuz was thoroughly investigated using satellite remote sensing and hydrodynamic modeling. The motivation of this study is to deduce ambient conditions prior to and during the bloom outbreak and understand its trigger. Bloom tracking was achieved by sequential MODIS imagery and numerical simulations. Satellite observations showed that the bloom was initiated in late October 2013 and dissipated in early June 2014. Trajectories of bloom patches were simulated using a Lagrangian transport model...
December 19, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006006/the-gulf-of-aden-intermediate-water-intrusion-regulates-the-southern-red-sea-summer-phytoplankton-blooms
#18
Denis Dreano, Dionysios E Raitsos, John Gittings, George Krokos, Ibrahim Hoteit
Knowledge on large-scale biological processes in the southern Red Sea is relatively limited, primarily due to the scarce in situ, and satellite-derived chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) datasets. During summer, adverse atmospheric conditions in the southern Red Sea (haze and clouds) have long severely limited the retrieval of satellite ocean colour observations. Recently, a new merged ocean colour product developed by the European Space Agency (ESA)-the Ocean Color Climate Change Initiative (OC-CCI)-has substantially improved the southern Red Sea coverage of Chl-a, allowing the discovery of unexpected intense summer blooms...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003522/patterns-of-migrating-soaring-migrants-indicate-attraction-to-marine-wind-farms
#19
Henrik Skov, Mark Desholm, Stefan Heinänen, Johnny A Kahlert, Bjarke Laubek, Niels Einar Jensen, Ramūnas Žydelis, Bo Præstegaard Jensen
Monitoring of bird migration at marine wind farms has a short history, and unsurprisingly most studies have focused on the potential for collisions. Risk for population impacts may exist to soaring migrants such as raptors with K-strategic life-history characteristics. Soaring migrants display strong dependence on thermals and updrafts and an affinity to land areas and islands during their migration, a behaviour that creates corridors where raptors move across narrow straits and sounds and are attracted to islands...
December 2016: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001336/decadal-shifts-in-autumn-migration-timing-by-pacific-arctic-beluga-whales-are-related-to-delayed-annual-sea-ice-formation
#20
Donna D W Hauser, Kristin L Laidre, Kathleen M Stafford, Harry L Stern, Robert S Suydam, Pierre R Richard
Migrations are often influenced by seasonal environmental gradients that are increasingly being altered by climate change. The consequences of rapid changes in Arctic sea ice have the potential to affect migrations of a number of marine species whose timing is temporally matched to seasonal sea ice cover. This topic has not been investigated for Pacific Arctic beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) that follow matrilineally maintained autumn migrations in the waters around Alaska and Russia. For the sympatric Eastern Chukchi Sea ('Chukchi') and Eastern Beaufort Sea ('Beaufort') beluga populations, we examined changes in autumn migration timing as related to delayed regional sea ice freeze-up since the 1990s, using two independent data sources (satellite telemetry data and passive acoustics) for both populations...
December 21, 2016: Global Change Biology
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