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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815895/health-professional-students-rural-placement-satisfaction-and-rural-practice-intentions-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Tony Smith, Keith Sutton, Sabrina Pit, Kuda Muyambi, Daniel Terry, Annie Farthing, Claire Courtney, Merylin Cross
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to profile students undertaking placements at University Departments of Rural Health (UDRHs) and investigate factors affecting students' satisfaction and intention to enter rural practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey comprising 21 core questions used by all UDRHs. SETTING: Eleven UDRHs across Australia that support students' placements in regional, rural and remote locations. PARTICIPANTS: Medical, nursing and allied health students who participated in UDRH placements between July 2014 and November 2015 and completed the questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813515/correction-the-effects-of-marine-traffic-on-the-behaviour-of-black-sea-harbour-porpoises-phocoena-phocoena-relicta-within-the-istanbul-strait-turkey
#2
Aylin Akkaya Bas, Fredrik Christiansen, Ayaka Amaha Öztürk, Bayram Öztürk, Caley McIntosh
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172970.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807104/understanding-practitioner-professionalism-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-lessons-from-student-and-registrar-placements-at-an-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-healthcare-service
#3
Deborah A Askew, Vivian J Lyall, Shaun C Ewen, David Paul, Melissa Wheeler
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to be pathologised in medical curriculum, leaving graduates feeling unequipped to effectively work cross-culturally. These factors create barriers to culturally safe health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In this pilot pre-post study, the learning experiences of seven medical students and four medical registrars undertaking clinical placements at an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary healthcare service in 2014 were followed...
August 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805283/closing-the-gap-avian-lineage-splits-at-a-young-narrow-seaway-imply-a-protracted-history-of-mixed-population-response
#4
S A Trewick, S Pilkington, L D Shepherd, G C Gibb, M Morgan-Richards
The evolutionary significance of spatial habitat gaps has been well recognised since Alfred Russel Wallace compared the faunas of Bali and Lombok. Gaps between islands influence population structuring of some species, and flightless birds are expected to show strong partitioning even where habitat gaps are narrow. We examined the population structure of the most numerous living flightless land bird in New Zealand and the world, Weka (Gallirallus australis). We surveyed Weka and their feather lice in native and introduced populations using genetic data gathered from DNA sequences of mitochondrial genes and nuclear β-fibrinogen and five microsatellite loci...
August 14, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803197/sources-and-accumulation-of-plutonium-in-a-large-western-pacific-marginal-sea-the-south-china-sea
#5
Junwen Wu, Minhan Dai, Yi Xu, Jian Zheng
In order to examine the sources of plutonium (Pu) and elaborate its scavenging and accumulation processes, (240)Pu/(239)Pu atom ratios and (239+240)Pu activities in the water column of the South China Sea (SCS) were determined and compared with our previously reported data for the sediments. Consistently high (240)Pu/(239)Pu atom ratios that ranged from 0.184-0.250 (average=0.228±0.015), indicative of non-global fallout Pu sources were observed both in the surface water and at depth during 2012-2014. The spatial distribution of the (240)Pu/(239)Pu atom ratio in the SCS showed a decreasing trend away from the Luzon Strait, which was very consistent with the introduction pathway of the Kuroshio Current...
August 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802377/an-innovative-approach-to-improve-ear-nose-and-throat-surgical-access-for-remote-living-cape-york-indigenous-children
#6
Susan P Jacups, Denise Newman, Deborah Dean, Ann Richards, Kate M McConnon
INTRODUCTION: On a background of high rates of severe otitis media (OM) with associated hearing loss, children from the Torres Strait and Cape York region requiring ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, faced waiting times exceeding three years. After numerous clinical safety incidents were raised, indicating a failure of the current system to deliver appropriate care, the governing Hospital and Health service opted to deliver surgical care through an alternate process. ENT surgeries were performed on 16 consented children from two remote locations via the private health care system, funded by a health provider partnership...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801644/intrusion-of-the-kuroshio-into-the-south-and-east-china-seas
#7
Chau-Ron Wu, You-Lin Wang, Yong-Fu Lin, Shenn-Yu Chao
The northward-flowing Kuroshio often intrudes westward and modulates the water masses of the South and East China Seas. These intrusions transcend multiple scales in time and space, which we demonstrate here using various independent data sets. There are two hot spots of intrusion, one in the Luzon Strait and the other off northeast Taiwan, which occur synchronously when the upstream Kuroshio weakens during winter. Beyond seasonal time scales, the two intrusions were not synchronous during 1993-2013. While intrusions into the South China Sea echoed the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, the intrusion northeast of Taiwan decreased markedly before 2002 but regularly reached the shelf thereafter...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790044/access-3-project-protocol-young-people-and-health-system-navigation-in-the-digital-age-a-multifaceted-mixed-methods-study
#8
Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Lena Sanci, Katharine Steinbeck, Stephen Jan, Catherine Hawke, Marlene Kong, Tim Usherwood
BACKGROUND: The integration of digital technology into everyday lives of young people has become widespread. It is not known whether and how technology influences barriers and facilitators to healthcare, and whether and how young people navigate between face-to-face and virtual healthcare. To provide new knowledge essential to policy and practice, we designed a study that would explore health system access and navigation in the digital age. The study objectives are to: (1) describe experiences of young people accessing and navigating the health system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to healthcare for young people and how these vary between groups; (3) describe health system inefficiencies, particularly for young people who are marginalised; (4) provide policy-relevant knowledge translation of the research data...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780876/the-pituri-learning-circle-central-australian-aboriginal-women-s-knowledge-and-practices-around-the-use-of-i-nicotiana-i-spp-as-a-chewing-tobacco
#9
Angela M Ratsch, Andrea Mason, Linda Rive, Fiona E Bogossian, Kathryn J Steadman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco smoking has a range of known and predictable adverse outcomes, and across the world sustained smoking reduction campaigns are targeted towards reducing individual and public risk and harm. Conversely, more than 87 million women, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, use smokeless tobacco, yet the research examining the effect of this form of tobacco exposure on women is remarkably scant. In central Australia, the chewing of wild <i>Nicotiana</i> spp...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776620/the-status-and-characteristics-of-eutrophication-in-tropical-coastal-water
#10
Nooshin Peyman, Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany, Mohammad Tajfard, Rosli Hashim, Majid Rezayi, David J Karlen
A set of methodological tools was tested to assess the sensitivity of several ecological and biological indices to eutrophication while at the same time attempting to explore a linkage among pressures, classification assessment and drivers. Industrial discharges, harbor activities, natural interactions and river discharges are the pressures most related to the eutrophication process in tropical coastal water bodies. Among the eutrophication indices used, TRIX and operational indicators overestimated the eutrophication status in the study area, but EI and chl-a seems to be a rather responsive index to reflect the first stage of eutrophication...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774291/health-service-changes-to-address-diabetes-in-pregnancy-in-a-complex-setting-perspectives-of-health-professionals
#11
R Kirkham, J A Boyle, C Whitbread, M Dowden, C Connors, S Corpus, L McCarthy, J Oats, H D McIntyre, E Moore, K O'Dea, A Brown, L Maple-Brown
BACKGROUND: Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have high rates of gestational and pre-existing type 2 diabetes in pregnancy. The Northern Territory (NT) Diabetes in Pregnancy Partnership was established to enhance systems and services to improve health outcomes. It has three arms: a clinical register, developing models of care and a longitudinal birth cohort. This study used a process evaluation to report on health professional's perceptions of models of care and related quality improvement activities since the implementation of the Partnership...
August 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770045/semi-supervised-determination-of-pseudocryptic-morphotypes-using-observer-free-characterizations-of-anatomical-alignment-and-shape
#12
Natasha S Vitek, Carly L Manz, Tingran Gao, Jonathan I Bloch, Suzanne G Strait, Doug M Boyer
Accurate, quantitative characterization of complex shapes is recognized as a key methodological challenge in biology. Recent development of automated three-dimensional geometric morphometric protocols (auto3dgm) provides a promising set of tools to help address this challenge. While auto3dgm has been shown to be useful in characterizing variation across clades of morphologically very distinct mammals, it has not been adequately tested in more problematic cases where pseudolandmark placement error potentially confounds interpretation of true shape variation...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768547/assisting-an-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-person-with-gambling-problems-a-delphi-study
#13
Kathy S Bond, Katrina M Dart, Anthony F Jorm, Claire M Kelly, Betty A Kitchener, Nicola J Reavley
BACKGROUND: Gambling problems appear to be more prevalent in the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population than in the non-Indigenous population. Although gambling harms can be significant, treatment-seeking rates are low. The Delphi expert consensus method was used to develop a set of guidelines on how a family or community member can assist an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person with gambling problems. METHODS: Building on a previous systematic review of websites, books and journal articles a questionnaire was developed that contained items about the knowledge, skills and actions needed for supporting an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander person with gambling problems...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767686/structure-and-properties-of-the-egg-mass-of-the-ommastrephid-squid-todarodes-pacificus
#14
Pandey Puneeta, Dharmamony Vijai, Jun Yamamoto, Kohsuke Adachi, Yoshiki Kato, Yasunori Sakurai
The Japanese flying squid, Todarodes pacificus, is thought to spawn neutrally buoyant egg masses that retain a specific location in the water column by floating at the interface between water layers of slightly different densities. It is important to understand the physical process that determines the vertical distribution of the egg masses to predict their horizontal drift in relation to embryo survival and subsequent recruitment. Here, mesocosm experiments were conducted in a 300 m3 tank by creating a thermally stratified (17-22°C) water column to obtain egg masses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765858/history-development-and-future-of-cancer-screening-in-australia
#15
Ian N Olver, David Roder
INTRODUCTION: The aim of screening an asymptomatic population for cancer is to achieve better health outcomes, particularly a population survival benefit. Australia has three population screening programs: the National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP), BreastScreen Australia and the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP). METHODS: We reviewed the history and development of the three programs. NCSP: Women have a Pap smear every 2 years from age 18-20, or 2 years after first becoming sexually active, until age 69...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764677/yarning-about-fall-prevention-community-consultation-to-discuss-falls-and-appropriate-approaches-to-fall-prevention-with-older-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people
#16
Caroline Lukaszyk, Julieann Coombes, Norma Jean Turner, Elizabeth Hillmann, Lisa Keay, Anne Tiedemann, Cathie Sherrington, Rebecca Ivers
BACKGROUND: Fall related injury is an emerging issue for older Indigenous people worldwide, yet few targeted fall prevention programs are currently available for Indigenous populations. In order to inform the development of a new Aboriginal-specific fall prevention program in Australia, we conducted community consultation with older Aboriginal people to identify perceptions and beliefs about falls, and to identify desired program elements. METHODS: Yarning Circles were held with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 45 years and over...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763655/improved-source-apportionment-of-pahs-and-pb-by-integrating-pb-stable-isotopes-and-positive-matrix-factorization-application-pahs-a-historical-record-case-study-from-the-northern-south-china-sea
#17
Minggang Cai, Yan Lin, Meng Chen, Weifeng Yang, Huihong Du, Ye Xu, Shayen Cheng, Fangjian Xu, Jiajun Hong, Mian Chen, Hongwei Ke
To obtain the historical changes of pyrogenic sources, integrated source apportionment methods, which include PAH compositions, diagnostic ratios (DRs), Pb isotopic ratios, and positive matrix factorization (PMF) model, were developed and applied in sediments of the northern South China Sea. These methods provided a gradually clear picture of energy structural change. Spatially, Σ15PAH (11.3 to 95.5ng/g) and Pb (10.2 to 74.6μg/g) generally exhibited decreasing concentration gradient offshore; while the highest levels of PAHs and Pb were observed near the southern Taiwan Strait, which may be induced by accumulation of different fluvial input...
July 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760797/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-correlates-and-interventions-among-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-a-scoping-review-protocol
#18
Jodie C Avery, Jacqueline A Bowden, Joanne Dono, Odette R Gibson, Aimee Brownbill, Wendy Keech, David Roder, Caroline L Miller
INTRODUCTION: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities of Australia experience poorer health outcomes in the areas of overweight and obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Contributing to this burden of disease in the Australian community generally and in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, is the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). We have described a protocol for a review to systematically scope articles that document use of SSBs and interventions to reduce their consumption with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758235/great-expectations-an-analysis-of-researchers-and-policy-makers-perceptions-of-the-potential-value-of-the-australian-indigenous-burden-of-disease-study-for-policy
#19
Aaron Katz, Deepa Gajjar, Anthony B Zwi, Peter S Hill
The "Burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples" was commissioned by the Australian government as part of the Australian Burden of Disease study. This paper explores the extent to which key actors in the research and policy communities expected the Indigenous Burden of Disease study's findings to inform, influence, or drive federal decisions concerning Indigenous health in Australia. This qualitative research undertook interviews with 13 key informants with significant involvement in the Indigenous Burden of Disease study: six researchers, five policy makers, and two knowledge brokers...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749566/the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-physical-activity-among-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-regional-sport-participants
#20
Claudie Péloquin, Thomas Doering, Stephanie Alley, Amanda Rebar
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health perspectives between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations are major concerns in many of the world's well-developed nations. Indigenous populations are largely less healthy, more prone to chronic diseases, and have an earlier overall mortality than non-Indigenous populations. Low levels of physical activity (PA) contribute to the high levels of disease in Indigenous Australians. METHOD: Qualitative analysis of structured one-on-one interviews discussing PA in a regional setting...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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