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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917068/iranocichla-persa-a-new-cichlid-species-from-southern-iran-teleostei-cichlidae
#1
Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Golnaz Sayyadzadeh, Ole Seehausen
Iranocichla persasp. n. is described from the Shur, Hasanlangi and Minab River drainages flowing into the Persian Gulf at the Strait of Hormuz in southern Iran. It is distinguished from Iranocichla hormuzensis, from the Mehran River drainage, by nuptial males having a bright orange breast and lower part of the head (vs. black), a poorly developed or invisible (vs. distinctive) "Tilapia-mark" in the dorsal fin and very clear white spots making almost wavy bars or stripes on the caudal fin (vs. without or with very few white spots)...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915283/distributions-and-relationships-of-virio-and-pico-plankton-in-the-epi-meso-and-bathy-pelagic-zones-of-the-western-pacific-ocean
#2
Yantao Liang, Yongyu Zhang, Yao Zhang, Tingwei Luo, Richard B Rivkin, Nianzhi Jiao
Virio- and pico-plankton mediate important biogeochemical processes and the environmental factors which regulates their dynamics and the virus-host interactions are incompletely known, especially in the deep sea. Here we report on their distributions and relationships with environmental factors at 21 stations covering a latitudinal range (2-23(o) N) in the Western Pacific Ocean. This region is characterized by a complex western boundary current system. Synechococcus, autotrophic picoeukaryotes, heterotrophic prokaryotes and virus-like particles (VLPs) were high (<2...
December 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914387/investigation-of-horizontal-refraction-on-florida-straits-continental-shelf-using-a-three-dimensional-gaussian-ray-bundling-model
#3
Sean M Reilly, Gopu R Potty, David Thibaudeau
Acoustic transmission loss measurements from the calibration operations (CALOPS) experiment for the Shallow Water Array Performance (SWAP) program included horizontally refracted returns that were as much as 30° away from the true bearing between source and receiver. In many cases, the in-shore refracted path was 20 dB stronger than the true bearing path. In this study CALOPS transmission loss measurements at 415 Hz are compared to predictions from a three-dimensional Gaussian ray bundling model. The geoacoustic model that provides good model-data comparison is consistent with the geologic and sediment core data collected at the location but differs slightly from the bottom model used at lower frequencies (206 and 52...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910386/spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-diii-d-3d-magnetic-diagnostic-data
#4
E J Strait, J D King, J M Hanson, N C Logan
An extensive set of magnetic diagnostics in DIII-D is aimed at measuring non-axisymmetric "3D" features of tokamak plasmas, with typical amplitudes ∼10(-3) to 10(-5) of the total magnetic field. We describe hardware and software techniques used at DIII-D to condition the individual signals and analysis to estimate the spatial structure from an ensemble of discrete measurements. Applications of the analysis include detection of non-rotating MHD instabilities, plasma control, and validation of MHD stability and 3D equilibrium models...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905923/navigating-the-journey-of-aboriginal-childhood-disability-a-qualitative-study-of-carers-interface-with-services
#5
Anna Green, Penelope Abbott, Patricia Delaney, Patrick Patradoon-Ho, John Delaney, Patricia Mary Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
BACKGROUND: The disadvantage experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children with a disability is well recognized. The long term consequences of failing to address disability on health, education and employment underlies the importance of early intervention. Caregivers experience a disproportionate burden and have challenges accessing services. The aim of this study was to describe the carer journey of accessing support and services. METHODS: We conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with nineteen parents and carers of Aboriginal children aged 0-8 years...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901352/the-social-amplification-of-haze-related-risks-on-the-internet
#6
Mark Chong, Murphy Choy
This study explores the implications of the digital network society for public health communication and management through an empirical study on communication related to the transboundary haze crisis in Singapore. Using the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF), the authors applied sentiment and thematic analysis on haze-related posts on an online discussion forum (HardwareZone) and a social networking site (Facebook), and to haze-related articles in The Straits Times (a newspaper). The study shows that the medium matters in social amplification of risk: Facebook had an effect on the amplification of emotions, while HardwareZone and The Straits Times did not...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894723/plastic-debris-and-microplastics-along-the-beaches-of-the-strait-of-hormuz-persian-gulf
#7
Abolfazl Naji, Zinat Esmaili, Farhan R Khan
Currently little is known about the prevalence of plastics and microplastics (MPs) in the Persian Gulf. Five sampling stations were selected along the Strait of Hormuz (Iran) that exhibited different levels of industrialization and urbanization, and included a marine protected area. Debris was observed and sediments were collected for MPs extraction via fluidization/floatation methodology. The order of MP abundance (par/kg) generally reflected the level of anthropogenic activity: Bostanu (1258±291)>Gorsozan (122±23)>Khor-e-Yekshabeh (26±6)>Suru (14±4)>Khor-e-Azini (2±1)...
November 25, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885060/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-adults-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Karl E Minges, Kelly M Strait, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Sarah M Camhi, Judith Lichtman, Mary Geda, Rachel P Dreyer, Héctor Bueno, John F Beltrame, Jeptha P Curtis, Harlan M Krumholz
AIMS: Despite the benefits of regular physical activity participation following acute myocardial infarction, little is known about gender differences in physical activity among patients after acute myocardial infarction. We described, by gender, physical activity trajectories pre- and post-acute myocardial infarction, and determined whether gender was independently associated with physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI patients (VIRGO) study, conducted at 103 US, 24 Spanish, and three Australian hospitals, was designed, in part, to evaluate gender differences in lifestyle behaviors following acute myocardial infarction...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876203/impact-of-the-national-targeted-hepatitis-a-immunisation-program-in-australia-2000-2014
#9
Craig Thompson, Aditi Dey, Emily Fearnley, Benjamin Polkinghorne, Frank Beard
In November 2005, hepatitis A vaccine was funded under the Australian National Immunisation Program for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) children aged 12-24months in the targeted jurisdictions of Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. We reviewed the epidemiology of hepatitis A from 2000 to 2014 using data from the Australian National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, the National Hospital Morbidity Database, and Australian Bureau of Statistics causes-of-death data...
November 18, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870351/review-of-in-vivo-bone-strain-studies-and-finite-element-models-of-the-zygomatic-complex-in-humans-and-nonhuman-primates-implications-for-clinical-research-and-practice
#10
Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Ana Cláudia Rossi, Justin A Ledogar, Amanda L Smith, Paul C Dechow, David S Strait, Tilman Voigt, Callum F Ross
The craniofacial skeleton is often described in the clinical literature as being comprised of vertical bony pillars, which transmit forces from the toothrow to the neurocranium as axial compressive stresses, reinforced transversely by buttresses. Here, we review the literature on bony microarchitecture, in vivo bone strain, and finite-element modeling of the facial skeleton of humans and nonhuman primates to address questions regarding the structural and functional existence of facial pillars and buttresses...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870347/internal-bone-architecture-in-the-zygoma-of-human-and-pan
#11
Leslie Pryor McIntosh, David S Strait, Justin A Ledogar, Amanda L Smith, Callum F Ross, Qian Wang, Lynne A Opperman, Paul C Dechow
The internal and external anatomy of the primate zygoma is central to orofacial function, health, and disease. The importance of variation in its gross morphology across extinct and extant primate forms has been established using finite element analysis, but its internal structure has yet to be explored. In this study, µCT is used to characterize trabecular bone morphometry in two separate regions of the zygoma of humans and Pan. Trabecular anisotropy and orientation are compared with strain orientations observed in trabecular regions of finite element models of four Pan crania...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870344/elastic-properties-of-chimpanzee-craniofacial-cortical-bone
#12
Poorva Gharpure, Elias D Kontogiorgos, Lynne A Opperman, Callum F Ross, David S Strait, Amanda Smith, Leslie C Pryor, Qian Wang, Paul C Dechow
Relatively few assessments of cranial biomechanics formally take into account variation in the material properties of cranial cortical bone. Our aim was to characterize the elastic properties of chimpanzee craniofacial cortical bone and compare these to the elastic properties of dentate human craniofacial cortical bone. From seven cranial regions, 27 cylindrical samples were harvested from each of five chimpanzee crania. Assuming orthotropy, axes of maximum stiffness in the plane of the cortical plate were derived using modified equations of Hooke's law in a Mathcad program...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868300/outcomes-of-using-telehealth-for-the-provision-of-healthcare-to-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review
#13
Liam J Caffery, Natalie K Bradford, Sumudu I Wickramasinghe, Noel Hayman, Anthony C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine reported outcomes of health services delivered by telehealth to Indigenous Australians. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Searches were conducted to identify articles that reported a telehealth service used to provide clinical services to Indigenous Australians. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria. Findings were synthesised narratively and reported using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865132/a-network-approach-to-policy-framing-a-case-study-of-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-plan
#14
Jennifer Browne, Evelyne de Leeuw, Deborah Gleeson, Karen Adams, Petah Atkinson, Rick Hayes
Aboriginal health policy in Australia represents a unique policy subsystem comprising a diverse network of Aboriginal-specific and "mainstream" organisations, often with competing interests. This paper describes the network structure of organisations attempting to influence national Aboriginal health policy and examines how the different subgroups within the network approached the policy discourse. Public submissions made as part of a policy development process for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan were analysed using a novel combination of network analysis and qualitative framing analysis...
November 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855703/working-at-the-interface-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-focussing-on-the-individual-health-professional-and-their-organisation-as-a-means-to-address-health-equity
#15
Annabelle M Wilson, Janet Kelly, Anthea Magarey, Michelle Jones, Tamara Mackean
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experience inequity in health outcomes in Australia. Health care interactions are an important starting place to seek to address this inequity. The majority of health professionals in Australia do not identify as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people and the health care interaction therefore becomes an example of working in an intercultural space (or interface). It is therefore critical to consider how health professionals may maximise the positive impact within the health care interaction by skilfully working at the interface...
November 17, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852181/high-quality-data-are-the-key-to-understanding-inequalities-in-cancer-outcomes-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians
#16
David M Roder, Elizabeth Buckley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846119/in-hospital-communication-experiences-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Janet Kelly, Anna Dowling, Katharine McBride, Wendy Keech, Alex Brown
The objective of this systematic review is to identify and synthesize available qualitative evidence to understand the in-hospital communication experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults, their family members and hospital staff, and the factors that impact on these experiences.Specifically, the review questions are as follows.
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842585/immunisation-timeliness-in-a-cohort-of-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children
#18
Yolanda G Lovie-Toon, Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
BACKGROUND: To evaluate immunisation coverage, timeliness and predictors of delayed receipt in urban Australian Indigenous children during the first 18 months of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective analysis of data collected from 140 Australian Indigenous children aged < 5 years at the time of enrolment in a prospective cohort study on respiratory illness between 14 February 2013 and 28 January 2015. Children were recruited through an urban community primary health care centre in the Northern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland...
November 14, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834004/unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-with-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#19
Patricia C Valery, Christina M Bernardes, Vanessa Beesley, Anna L Hawkes, Peter Baade, Gail Garvey
PURPOSE: The purposes of the present study are to describe changes over time in the prevalence of unmet supportive care needs of Indigenous Australians newly diagnosed with cancer and to identify factors associated with greater needs at diagnosis. METHODS: Unmet needs were assessed by the Supportive Care Needs Assessment Tool for Indigenous People (SCNAT-IP) within 3 months and at 6 months post-diagnosis. Overall needs and specific need domains were modelled using generalized estimating equations...
November 10, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828201/statistical-approach-for-the-retrieval-of-phytoplankton-community-structures-from-in-situ-fluorescence-measurements
#20
Shengqiang Wang, Cong Xiao, Joji Ishizaka, Zhongfeng Qiu, Deyong Sun, Qian Xu, Yuanli Zhu, Yu Huan, Yuji Watanabe
Knowledge of phytoplankton community structures is important to the understanding of various marine biogeochemical processes and ecosystem. Fluorescence excitation spectra (F(λ)) provide great potential for studying phytoplankton communities because their spectral variability depends on changes in the pigment compositions related to distinct phytoplankton groups. Commercial spectrofluorometers have been developed to analyze phytoplankton communities by measuring the field F(λ), but estimations using the default methods are not always accurate because of their strong dependence on norm spectra, which are obtained by culturing pure algae of a given group and are assumed to be constant...
October 17, 2016: Optics Express
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