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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225336/paediatric-tuberculosis-in-queensland-australia-overrepresentation-of-cross-border-and-indigenous-children
#1
E J Donnan, C Coulter, G Simpson, J Clark, C Nourse
SETTING: Queensland, Australia. BACKGROUND: Understanding paediatric tuberculosis (TB) is important, as children with TB typically reflect recent community transmission. Children pose unique diagnostic challenges and are at risk of developing severe disseminated infection. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology, presentation and outcomes of children with TB disease in Queensland. DESIGN: This is a retrospective case series of children diagnosed with TB aged 0-16 years notified in 2005-2014...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220442/synechococcus-production-and-grazing-loss-rates-in-nearshore-tropical-waters
#2
Pei Li Heng, Joon Hai Lim, Choon Weng Lee
Temporal variation of Synechococcus, its production (μ) and grazing loss (g) rates were studied for 2 years at nearshore stations, i.e. Port Dickson and Port Klang along the Straits of Malacca. Synechococcus abundance at Port Dickson (0.3-2.3 × 10(5) cell ml(-1)) was always higher than at Port Klang (0.3-7.1 × 10(4) cell ml(-1)) (p < 0.001). μ ranged up to 0.98 day(-1) (0.51 ± 0.29 day(-1)), while g ranged from 0.02 to 0.31 day(-1) (0.15 ± 0.07 day(-1)) at Port Klang. At Port Dickson, μ and g averaged 0...
March 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215143/identifying-the-main-mosquito-species-in-the-taiwan-strait-using-dna-barcoding
#3
Bo Gao, Yiliang Fang, Jianqing Zhang, Rongquan Wu, Baohai Xu, Lianhui Xie
Mosquitoes can transmit many types of viruses such West Nile virus and Zika virus and are responsible for virus-causing diseases including malaria, Dengue fever, yellow fever, lymphatic filariasis, and Japanese B encephalitis. On January 19, 2016, the first case of Zika virus infection was identified in Taiwan, which presents the need for studying the mosquito species in the Taiwan Strait and evaluating the risk of the outbreak of this infection. In this study, we collected a total of 144 specimens from 42 mosquito specimens belonging to 9 genera from both sides of the Taiwan Strait during 2013 and 2014...
February 17, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202970/heinrich-events-triggered-by-ocean-forcing-and-modulated-by-isostatic-adjustment
#4
Jeremy N Bassis, Sierra V Petersen, L Mac Cathles
During the last glacial period, the Laurentide Ice Sheet sporadically discharged huge numbers of icebergs through the Hudson Strait into the North Atlantic Ocean, leaving behind distinct layers of ice-rafted debris in the ocean sediments. Perplexingly, these massive discharge events-Heinrich events-occurred during the cold portion of millennial-scale climate oscillations called Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. This is in contrast to the expectation that ice sheets expand in colder climates and shrink in warmer climates...
February 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202088/what-influences-the-home-range-size-of-free-roaming-domestic-dogs
#5
S Dürr, N K Dhand, C Bombara, S Molloy, M P Ward
In many regions of the world domestic dogs are free roaming and live in close relationship with humans. These free-roaming domestic dogs (FRDD) can cause public health problems such as dog bites and transmission of infectious diseases. To effectively control diseases transmitted by FRDD, knowledge on the dogs' behaviour is required. To identify predictors of home range (HR) size, we collected global positioning system data from 135 FRDD living in eight Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Northern Australia...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192520/holding-back-the-tiger-successful-control-program-protects-australia-from-aedes-albopictus-expansion
#6
Mutizwa Odwell Muzari, Gregor Devine, Joseph Davis, Bruce Crunkhorn, Andrew van den Hurk, Peter Whelan, Richard Russell, James Walker, Peter Horne, Gerhard Ehlers, Scott Ritchie
BACKGROUND: The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is an important vector of dengue, chikungunya and Zika viruses and is a highly invasive and aggressive biter. Established populations of this species were first recognised in Australia in 2005 when they were discovered on islands in the Torres Strait, between mainland Australia and Papua New Guinea. A control program was implemented with the original goal of eliminating Ae. albopictus from the Torres Strait. We describe the evolution of management strategies that provide a template for Ae...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188040/development-of-a-first-peoples-led-cultural-capability-measurement-tool-a-pilot-study-with-midwifery-students
#7
Roianne West, Somer Wrigley, Kyly Mills, Kate Taylor, Dale Rowland, Debra K Creedy
BACKGROUND: Midwives have a central role in closing the gap in health inequalities between Australias' First Peoples and other childbearing women. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Curriculum Framework (The Framework) identifies five core cultural capabilities (respect, communication, safety and quality, reflection and advocacy) to foster culturally safe health care. AIM: To use a decolonising, First Peoples-led approach to develop and validate a tool to measure the development students' cultural capabilities...
February 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187664/-i-uroptychus-i-i-nitidus-i-a-milne-edwards-1880-and-related-species-crustacea-decapoda-anomura-chirostylidae-from-the-western-atlantic
#8
Keiji Baba, Mary K Wicksten
Eight species of squat lobsters of the genus Uroptychus are reported from the western Atlantic based on the collections of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard, the Smithsonian Institution and Texas A&M University. Uroptychus nitidus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1880) is reviewed and redescribed, with a syntype taken at Blake Station 200 off Martinique designated as the lectotype. Uroptychus alphonsei n. sp. is named for U. nitidus variety C Chace, 1942, U. fenneri n. sp. for U. nitidus variety A Chace, 1942, and U...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185560/inequalities-in-socio-economic-characteristics-and-health-and-wellbeing-of-men-with-and-without-disabilities-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-baseline-wave-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health
#9
Anne M Kavanagh, Zoe Aitken, Eric Emerson, Sash Sahabandu, Allison Milner, Rebecca Bentley, Anthony D LaMontagne, Jane Pirkis, David Studdert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, men with disabilities have higher rates of social and economic disadvantage and poorer health and wellbeing than men without disabilities. No single study has provided comprehensive, population-level information about the magnitude of such differences among adult men using a well-validated instrument to measure disability. METHODS: We analysed baseline data from Ten to Men - an Australian longitudinal study of male health. Ten to Men used a stratified multi-stage cluster random sample design to recruit a national sample of males aged 10 to 55 years residing in private dwellings...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180903/the-effect-of-pack-warning-labels-on-quitting-and-related-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-a-national-cohort-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#10
Anna Nicholson, Ron Borland, Pele Bennet, Maureen Davey, Jasmine Sarin, Anke Van der Sterren, Matthew Stevens, David Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178320/variations-in-the-structural-and-functional-diversity-of-zooplankton-over-vertical-and-horizontal-environmental-gradients-en-route-to-the-arctic-ocean-through-the-fram-strait
#11
Marta Gluchowska, Emilia Trudnowska, Ilona Goszczko, Anna Maria Kubiszyn, Katarzyna Blachowiak-Samolyk, Waldemar Walczowski, Slawomir Kwasniewski
A multi-scale approach was used to evaluate which spatial gradient of environmental variability is the most important in structuring zooplankton diversity in the West Spitsbergen Current (WSC). The WSC is the main conveyor of warm and biologically rich Atlantic water to the Arctic Ocean through the Fram Strait. The data set included 85 stratified vertical zooplankton samples (obtained from depths up to 1000 metres) covering two latitudinal sections (76°30'N and 79°N) located across the multi-path WSC system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173917/-i-m-not-sure-it-paints-an-honest-picture-of-where-my-health-s-at-identifying-community-health-and-research-priorities-based-on-health-assessments-within-an-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-community-a-qualitative-study
#12
Geoffrey K Spurling, Chelsea J Bond, Philip J Schluter, Corey I Kirk, Deborah A Askew
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health assessments are conducted annually in Australian primary care to detect risk factors, chronic diseases and implement preventive health measures. At the Inala Indigenous Health Service, health assessment data have also been used for research purposes. This research has been investigator-driven, which risks misinterpreting or ignoring community priorities compared with community-led research. The objective of this research was to learn about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community's health priorities that could be translated into research themes, and investigate these using health assessment data...
February 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169446/honey-buzzards-don-t-always-make-a-beeline
#13
Jason W Chapman
(a) European honey buzzards breeding in Western Europe primarily use soaring flight to make annual long-range migrations via the Strait of Gibraltar to winter in West Africa; this adult male was photographed on migration near Gibraltar. Photo: Javier Elloriaga. (b) Autumn migration routes of 12 satellite tagged adult European honey buzzards (colour-coded lines); compared with the shortest possible straight-line routes (dashed lines), most routes involved substantial westerly detours in Africa. Adapted from Vansteelant et al...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162218/workforce-insights-on-how-health-promotion-is-practised-in-an-aboriginal-community-controlled-health-service
#14
Kathryn McFarlane, Sue Devine, Jenni Judd, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt
Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services deliver holistic and culturally appropriate primary health care to over 150 communities in Australia. Health promotion is a core function of comprehensive primary health care; however, little has been published on what enables or challenges health promotion practice in an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service. Apunipima Cape York Health Council (Apunipima) delivers primary health care to 11 remote north Queensland communities. The workforce includes medical, allied health, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workers and health practitioners and corporate support staff...
February 3, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160783/prevalence-of-hiv-among-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Simon Graham, Catherine C O'Connor, Stephen Morgan, Catherine Chamberlain, Jane Hocking
Background: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (Aboriginal) are Australia's first peoples. Between 2006 and 2015, HIV notifications increased among Aboriginal people; however, among non-Aboriginal people, notifications remained relatively stable. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to examine the prevalence of HIV among Aboriginal people overall and by subgroups. Methods: In November 2015, a search of PubMed and Web of Science, grey literature and abstracts from conferences was conducted. A study was included if it reported the number of Aboriginal people tested and those who tested positive for HIV...
February 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152345/the-burden-of-invasive-infections-in-critically-ill-indigenous-children-in-australia
#16
Justyna A Ostrowski, Graeme MacLaren, Janet Alexander, Penny Stewart, Sheena Gune, Joshua R Francis, Subodh Ganu, Marino Festa, Simon J Erickson, Lahn Straney, Luregn J Schlapbach
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence and mortality of invasive infections in Indigenous children admitted to paediatric and general intensive care units (ICUs) in Australia. DESIGN: Retrospective multi-centre cohort study of Australian and New Zealand Paediatric Intensive Care Registry data. PARTICIPANTS: All children under 16 years of age admitted to an ICU in Australia, 1 January 2002 - 31 December 2013. Indigenous children were defined as those identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander in a mandatory admissions dataset...
February 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143604/what-factors-contribute-to-the-continued-low-rates-of-indigenous-status-identification-in-urban-general-practice-a-mixed-methods-multiple-site-case-study
#17
Heike Schütze, Lisa Jackson Pulver, Mark Harris
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples experience worse health and die at younger ages than their non-indigenous counterparts. Ethnicity data enables health services to identify inequalities experienced by minority populations and to implement and monitor services specifically targeting them. Despite significant Government intervention, Australia's Indigenous peoples, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, continue to be under identified in data sets. We explored the barriers to Indigenous status identification in urban general practice in two areas in Sydney...
January 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133664/thermal-source-fourier-transform-infrared-microtomography-applied-to-arctic-sea-ice-diatoms
#18
Catherine Findlay, Jason Morrison, C J Mundy, Julia Sedlmair, Carol J Hirschmugl, Kathleen M Gough
We have used thermal source Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microtomographic imaging to compare sea ice diatoms growing under different light conditions. A prototype tomography accessory was designed to have sufficient degrees of freedom to align any tilted cylindrical sample relative to the axis of rotation, minimizing the off-axis path traced during rotation. The lightweight device rests on the motorized stage to position the sample in the field-of-view and enable mosaic imaging. Reconstruction routines were tested with simulated and real phantoms, to assess limitations in the Radon back-projection method employed...
January 30, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116044/geographic-structure-in-the-southern-ocean-circumpolar-brittle-star-ophionotus-victoriae-ophiuridae-revealed-from-mtdna-and-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-data
#19
Matthew P Galaska, Chester J Sands, Scott R Santos, Andrew R Mahon, Kenneth M Halanych
Marine systems have traditionally been thought of as "open" with few barriers to gene flow. In particular, many marine organisms in the Southern Ocean purportedly possess circumpolar distributions that have rarely been well verified. Here, we use the highly abundant and endemic Southern Ocean brittle star Ophionotus victoriae to examine genetic structure and determine whether barriers to gene flow have existed around the Antarctic continent. Ophionotus victoriae possesses feeding planktotrophic larvae with presumed high dispersal capability, but a previous study revealed genetic structure along the Antarctic Peninsula...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110644/a-snapshot-of-physical-activity-programs-targeting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-australia
#20
Rona Macniven, Michelle Elwell, Kathy Ride, Adrian Bauman, Justin Richards
Issue addressed: Participation in physical activity programs can be an effective strategy to reduce chronic disease risk factors and improve broader social outcomes. Health and social outcomes are worse among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders than non-Indigenous Australians, who represent an important group for culturally specific programs. The extent of current practice in physical activity programs is largely unknown. This study identifies such programs targeting this population group and describes their characteristics...
January 19, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
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