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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158980/north-atlantic-oscillation-drives-the-annual-occurrence-of-an-isolated-peripheral-population-of-the-brown-seaweed-fucus-guiryi-in-the-western-mediterranean-sea
#1
Ignacio J Melero-Jiménez, A Enrique Salvo, José C Báez, Elena Bañares-España, Andreas Reul, Antonio Flores-Moya
The canopy-forming, intertidal brown (Phaeophyceae) seaweed Fucus guiryi is distributed along the cold-temperate and warm-temperate coasts of Europe and North Africa. Curiously, an isolated population develops at Punta Calaburras (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean) but thalli are not present in midsummer every year, unlike the closest (ca. 80 km), perennial populations at the Strait of Gibraltar. The persistence of the alga at Punta Calaburras could be due to the growth of resilient, microscopic stages as well as the arrival of few-celled stages originating from neighbouring localities, and transported by the permanent Atlantic Jet flowing from the Atlantic Ocean into the Mediterranean...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151893/defining-the-gap-a-systematic-review-of-the-difference-in-rates-of-diabetes-related-foot-complications-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-australians-and-non-indigenous-australians
#2
REVIEW
Matthew West, Vivienne Chuter, Shannon Munteanu, Fiona Hawke
Background: The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community has an increased risk of developing chronic illnesses including diabetes. Among people with diabetes, foot complications are common and make a significant contribution to the morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. The aim of this review was to systematically evaluate the literature comparing the rates of diabetes related foot complications in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians to non-Indigenous Australians...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149856/naukan-ethnobotany-in-post-soviet-times-lost-edibles-and-new-medicinals
#3
Kevin A Jernigan, Olga S Belichenko, Valeria B Kolosova, Darlene J Orr
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on health-related plant use among speakers of the critically endangered Naukan language (Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family) in the Russian Far East. The Naukan people were forced, in 1958, under Soviet consolidation, to move from their original settlement on Cape Dezhnev, leading to significant changes in spiritual worldview, subsistence, social structure, and language proficiency in the years that followed. Here, we focus on changes that elders report in their edible, medicinal, and spiritual uses of local plant species since their childhood...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143435/risk-factors-for-falls-among-older-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-urban-and-regional-communities
#4
Caroline Lukaszyk, Kylie Radford, Kim Delbaere, Rebecca Ivers, Kris Rogers, Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Julieann Coombes, Gail Daylight, Brian Draper, Tony Broe
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between fall risk factors identified previously in other populations and falls among Aboriginal people aged 60 years and older, living in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with older Aboriginal people in five urban and regional communities. Associations between past falls and 22 fall predictor variables were examined using linear and multiple regression analyses. RESULTS: Of the 336 participants, 80 people (24%) reported at least one fall in the past year, and 34 (10%) reported two or more falls...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139642/matrilineal-heritage-in-southern-iberia-reveals-deep-genetic-links-between-continents
#5
Candela L Hernández, Rosario Calderón
Within the Mediterranean Basin, the Iberian Peninsula has been a focus of attraction for several cultures and civilizations from its prehistory and history, making it a target territory for studying human migration patterns and peopling processes using a wide and heterogeneous spectrum of genomic markers. While its Cantabrian fringe represents the most regularly analysed area in terms of its mitochondrial diversity, the absence of monographic surveys on the maternal genetic composition of southern Iberians (i...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131469/do-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-leaving-prison-meet-their-health-and-social-support-needs
#6
REVIEW
Penelope Abbott, Jane E Lloyd, Chandni Joshi, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Eileen Baldry, Elizabeth McEntyre, Juanita Sherwood, Jennifer Reath, Devon Indig, Mark F Harris
The objective of this review was to synthesise evidence on the health and social support needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people leaving prison and on programs which aid successful community re-entry. A systematic literature review was undertaken of peer-reviewed and grey literature published between 2001 and 2013, focusing on the post-release needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults and pre- and post-release programs. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have high health and social support needs on leaving prison...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129320/an-evaluation-of-cumulative-risks-from-offshore-produced-water-discharges-in-the-bass-strait
#7
T F Parkerton, M Bok, A W Ireland, C M Prosser
Chemical analyses and toxicity testing using six marine species were used to characterize the hazard of produced waters (PW) to marine life from twelve Australian offshore platforms. Hazard data were used in conjunction with platform-specific plume discharge dilution and species sensitivity distribution modeling to estimate cumulative risks by calculating the multiple substance potentially affected fraction of species in the local marine environment. Results provided two independent lines of evidence demonstrating that cumulative risks to marine life from these discharges meet intended 95% species protection goals at the edge of the mixing zone...
November 9, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128437/participatory-action-research-opens-doors-mentoring-indigenous-researchers-to-improve-midwifery-in-urban-australia
#8
Sophie D Hickey, Sarah-Jade Maidment, Kayla M Heinemann, Yvette L Roe, Sue V Kildea
PROBLEM: There is increasing demand for capacity building among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) maternal and infant health workforce to improve health outcomes for mothers and babies; yet few studies describe the steps taken to mentor novice Indigenous researchers to contribute to creating a quality evidence-base in this space. BACKGROUND: The Indigenous Birthing in an Urban Setting study is a partnership project aimed at improving maternity services for Indigenous families in South East Queensland...
November 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122797/association-between-respiratory-syncytial-viral-disease-and-the-subsequent-risk-of-the-first-episode-of-severe-asthma-in-different-subgroups-of-high-risk-australian-children-a-whole-of-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Nusrat Homaira, Nancy Briggs, Christopher Pardy, Mark Hanly, Ju-Lee Oei, Lisa Hilder, Barbara Bajuk, Kei Lui, William Rawlinson, Tom Snelling, Adam Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) to the subsequent development of severe asthma in different subgroups of children at risk of severe RSV disease. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised all children born in NSW between 2000 and 2010 with complete follow-up till 31 December 2011. The cohort was divided into three subgroups: (1) non-Indigenous high-risk children: non-Indigenous children born preterm or born with a low birth weight; (2) Indigenous children: children of mothers whose Indigenous status was recorded as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander and (3) non-Indigenous standard risk children: all other non-Indigenous term children...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118635/a-new-species-of-monstrillopsis-crustacea-copepoda-monstrilloida-from-the-lower-northwest-passage-of-the-canadian-arctic
#10
Aurélie Delaforge, Eduardo Suárez-Morales, Wojciech Walkusz, Karley Campbell, C J Mundy
A new species of monstrilloid copepod, Monstrillopsis planifronssp. n., is described from an adult female that was collected beneath snow-covered sea ice during the 2014 Ice Covered Ecosystem - CAMbridge bay Process Study (ICE-CAMPS) in Dease Strait of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Currently, up to six species of this order are known to occur in polar latitudes. The new species described herein shares similarities with Monstrillopsis dubia (Scott, 1904) but differs in its body proportions and cephalothorax ornamentation; the cephalothorax is covered by minute scattered papillae on dorsal and ventral surfaces; this species has a reduced fifth leg endopod, fifth leg exopod armed with three setae, antennule with fused segments 3-4, and the genital double-somite bears unique posterolateral processes...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114717/the-quality-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#11
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Jamie K Fernando, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of the study: Primary health care research focused on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people is needed to ensure that key frontline services provide evidence based and culturally appropriate care. We systematically reviewed the published primary health care literature to identify research designs, processes and outcomes, and assess the scientific quality of research focused on social and emotional wellbeing. This will inform future research to improve evidence based, culturally appropriate primary health care...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114715/identifying-research-priorities-to-improve-cancer-control-for-indigenous-australians
#12
Bronwyn A Morris, Kate Anderson, Joan Cunningham, Gail Garvey
OBJECTIVES: The cancer burden is high among Australia's Indigenous population. Following a period of increasing attention by researchers, policy makers and consumers, this study aimed to identify emerging research priorities in Indigenous cancer control. METHODS: A survey was administered to a network of individuals with an interest in cancer and Indigenous Australians. Respondents (N = 255) described what they thought was the most significant research priority for cancer control for Indigenous Australians and ranked prespecified research areas relating to components of the cancer continuum...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114713/the-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smoking-epidemic-what-stage-are-we-at-and-what-does-it-mean
#13
Ray Lovett, Katherine A Thurber, Raglan Maddox
Smoking is the leading contributor to the burden of disease among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and there is considerable potential for change. Understanding the epidemic stage may provide insight into probable trends in smoking-attributable mortality, and inform program and policy development. Tobacco use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians has declined substantially, accompanied by declining tobacco-related cardiovascular mortality. Based on the available evidence, we expect tobacco-related cancer mortality to remain high, but peak within the next decade; however, there is a critical need for improved evidence to make an accurate assessment...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114712/the-australian-burden-of-disease-study-impact-and-causes-of-illness-and-death-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-2011
#14
Fadwa Al-Yaman
This study estimates fatal and nonfatal disease burden among Indigenous Australians in 2011 and compares it with non-Indigenous Australians. The study found that there were 284 years lost per 1000 people because of premature death or living with ill health. Most of the disease burden was from chronic diseases (64%), particularly mental and substance-use disorders, injuries, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and respiratory diseases. The burden of disease was higher among males (54%) than females (46%) and higher for fatal (53%) than for nonfatal burden (47%)...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105981/the-function-of-the-floral-corona-in-the-pollination-of-a-mediterranean-style-dimorphic-daffodil
#15
Rocío Pérez-Barrales, César A Abarca, Rocío Santos-Gally, Florian P Schiestl, Juan Arroyo
Narcissus papyraceus is a style dimorphic species with two floral forms, with anthers at similar height and stigmas above (long-styled L) and below (short-styled S) the anther level. The species is self-incompatible, but intra and inter-morph compatible. Populations are either dimorphic (including both morphs) in the region of the Strait of Gibraltar, or L-monomorphic (with only L plants) in the inland of the Iberian Peninsula. This variation correlates with the most common floral visitors, be these primarily long-tongued and short-tongued pollinators respectively, a rare condition in Mediterranean plants...
November 4, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102990/process-evaluation-of-a-primary-healthcare-validation-study-of-a-culturally-adapted-depression-screening-tool-for-use-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-study-protocol
#16
Sara Farnbach, John Evans, Anne-Marie Eades, Graham Gee, Jamie Fernando, Belinda Hammond, Matty Simms, Karrina DeMasi, Maree Hackett
INTRODUCTION: Process evaluations are conducted alongside research projects to identify the context, impact and consequences of research, determine whether it was conducted per protocol and to understand how, why and for whom an intervention is effective. We present a process evaluation protocol for the Getting it Right research project, which aims to determine validity of a culturally adapted depression screening tool for use by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. In this process evaluation, we aim to: (1) explore the context, impact and consequences of conducting Getting It Right, (2) explore primary healthcare staff and community representatives' experiences with the research project, (3) determine if it was conducted per protocol and (4) explore experiences with the depression screening tool, including perceptions about how it could be implemented into practice (if found to be valid)...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096973/multiple-field-based-methods-to-assess-the-potential-impacts-of-seismic-surveys-on-scallops
#17
Rachel Przeslawski, Zhi Huang, Jade Anderson, Andrew G Carroll, Matthew Edmunds, Lynton Hurt, Stefan Williams
Marine seismic surveys are an important tool to map geology beneath the seafloor and manage petroleum resources, but they are also a source of underwater noise pollution. A mass mortality of scallops in the Bass Strait, Australia occurred a few months after a marine seismic survey in 2010, and fishing groups were concerned about the potential relationship between the two events. The current study used three field-based methods to investigate the potential impact of marine seismic surveys on scallops in the region: 1) dredging and 2) deployment of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) were undertaken to examine the potential response of two species of scallops (Pecten fumatus, Mimachlamys asperrima) before, two months after, and ten months after a 2015 marine seismic survey; and 3) MODIS satellite data revealed patterns of sea surface temperatures from 2006-2016...
October 30, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094657/morphological-variability-and-molecular-characterization-of-mawsonascaris-australis-johnston-mawson-1943-nematoda-ascaridoidea-acanthocheilidae-from-the-brown-guitarfish-rhinobatos-schlegelii-m%C3%A3-ller-henle-rhinopristiformes-rhinobatidae
#18
W-T Zhao, Z Xu, L Li
A rare ascaridoid species, Mawsonascaris australis (Johnston & Mawson, 1943), is reported from the Taiwan Strait for the first time, and the brown guitarfish Rhinobatos schlegelii Müller & Henle (Rhinopristiformes: Rhinobatidae) represents a new fish host. The detailed morphology of M. australis was studied using light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) based on the newly collected specimens. The results revealed some important, but previously unreported or erroneous, morphological features, including the lateral alae starting well posterior to the base of the ventrolateral lips, the presence of one pair of double paracloacal papillae and a single, small precloacal median papilla on the anterior margin of the cloaca...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093999/molecular-phylogeny-and-evolutionary-history-of-moricandia-dc-brassicaceae
#19
Francisco Perfectti, José M Gómez, Adela González-Megías, Mohamed Abdelaziz, Juan Lorite
Background: The phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) has not yet been resolved because of its complex evolutionary history. This tribe comprises economically relevant species, including the genus Moricandia DC. This genus is currently distributed in North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia and Southern Europe, where it is associated with arid and semi-arid environments. Although some species of Moricandia have been used in several phylogenetic studies, the phylogeny of this genus is not well established...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092535/eastern-arctic-ambient-noise-on-a-drifting-vertical-array
#20
Emma Ozanich, Peter Gerstoft, Peter F Worcester, Matthew A Dzieciuch, Aaron Thode
Ambient noise in the eastern Arctic was studied from April to September 2013 using a 22 element vertical hydrophone array as it drifted from near the North Pole (89° 23'N, 62° 35'W) to north of Fram Strait (83° 45'N, 4° 28'W). The hydrophones recorded for 108 min/day on six days per week with a sampling rate of 1953.125 Hz. After removal of data corrupted by non-acoustic transients, 19 days throughout the transit period were analyzed. Noise contributors identified include broadband and tonal ice noises, bowhead whale calling, seismic airgun surveys, and earthquake T phases...
October 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
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