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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640870/dominance-of-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-clones-in-a-maternity-hospital
#1
Edet E Udo, Noura Al-Sweih
BACKGROUND: Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major pathogen causing healthcare- and community- acquired infections. The purpose of this study was to characterize MRSA isolated at the Maternity Hospital between 2006 and 2011 for their genetic relatedness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MRSA isolates were investigated using a combination of antibiogram, Staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) and spa typing to determine their relatedness to MRSA isolated in other Kuwait hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635976/supporting-change-in-oncology-nursing-practice-in-kuwait
#2
Veronica Nickerson, Jennifer Deering, Suha Alazmei
As countries around the world struggle to provide oncology care and treatment to their populations, nurses, as the largest healthcare workforce, are faced with the challenge of obtaining, maintaining, and developing specialized oncology nursing knowledge and expertise. Strategies that can be deployed at a local level to support nurses with integrating new knowledge into practice are important in meeting and overcoming this challenge. This article describes a theory-based model for implementing oncology nursing best practices in the Middle Eastern country of Kuwait...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#3
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628477/is-age-of-menarche-among-school-girls-related-to-academic-performance
#4
Radhia Al-Mathkoori, Ula Nur, Abdullah Al-Taiar
Background There is strong evidence that the mean age of menarche has declined over the last few decades in developed and developing countries. This is of a major concern because of its enormous public health implications. This study aimed to estimate the age of menarche in Kuwait and investigate the association between menarcheal age and academic performance among high school girls in Kuwait. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected female high school students from private and public high schools in all governorates in Kuwait...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627910/at-home-partner-sleep-functioning-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#5
Katherine E Miller, Erin Koffel, Mark D Kramer, Christopher R Erbes, Paul A Arbisi, Melissa A Polusny
Although the negative effects of deployment on the health of military spouses have been studied, research on sleep disruptions remains limited. This study investigates trajectories of sleep complaints over the course of deployment and predictors of these changes among a cohort of at-home partners. Data were drawn from the Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers (RINGS-2) project, a prospective, longitudinal study of National Guard soldiers deployed to Iraq/Kuwait (2011-2012) and their intimate partners...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626312/bacterial-contamination-in-physical-therapy-departments-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#6
Sameera H Aljadi, Mashael Al-Shemmari, Jumana Al-Ramzi, Shoug Al-Abdullatif, Zahraa Hajeyah, Laila Jamal, Sara Al-Bahar
[Purpose] Interferential therapy and electrical stimulation are electrophysical modalities commonly used in physical therapy departments to treat patients with musculoskeletal problems. These machines are applied directly to the patient's skin via a medium or electrodes, which can facilitate the transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of microorganism contamination in the machines sponges at physical therapy departments in Kuwait hospitals...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612363/the-effect-of-dental-health-education-on-pregnant-women-s-adherence-with-toothbrushing-and-flossing-a-randomized-control-trial
#7
Suad Al Khamis, Koula Asimakopoulou, Tim Newton, Blanaid Daly
OBJECTIVES: In a three-arm randomized control trial, this study compared the efficacy of dental health education (DHE) with or without a planning intervention on adherence to oral health-related behaviours. METHODS: Women (N=154) in their second trimester of pregnancy attending three maternal healthcare clinics in Kuwait completed an assessment of social cognitions and oral health behaviours before a debris and gingival assessment (Plaque Index [PI], Gingival Index [GI]) was undertaken; this was repeated at 1 month...
June 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608736/corrigendum
#8
(no author information available yet)
R Alroughani, S F Ahmed, R Behbehani, et al. Increasing prevalence and incidence rates of multiple sclerosis in Kuwait. Multiple Sclerosis 2014; 20: 543-547. DOI: 10.1177/1352458513504328 . In this article, the third author's name was misspelled in the OnlineFirst and print versions. It should have appeared as R Behbehani. This has been corrected in the online article.
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592190/genetic-variants-associated-with-warfarin-dosage-in-kuwaiti-population
#9
Sumi Elsa John, Dinu Antony, Muthukrishnan Eaaswarkhanth, Prashantha Hebbar, Fadi Alkayal, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Osama Alsmadi, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj
Assessing the distinct prevalence or absence of genetic variants associated with differential response to the anticoagulant medication of warfarin in different population groups is actively pursued by pharmacogenomics community. Populations from Arabian Peninsula are underrepresented in such studies. By way of examining exome- and genome-wide genotype data from 1395 Arab individuals in Kuwait, we report distinct occurrence of warfarin response-related variants rs12460590_A/CYP2A7, rs2108622_T/CYP4F2, rs2884737_C/VKORC1 and distinct absence of rs11150606_C/PRSS53 in Kuwaiti population...
June 8, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582351/teenagers-awareness-of-peers-substance-and-drug-use-in-kuwait
#10
Florence E Omu, Al-Wadaany Bader, Delles Helen, Shukriya Slabeeb, Hanan Safar, Alexander E Omu
BACKGROUND: Teenage substance use is a global challenge, and youths residing in Kuwait are not immune from it. Tobacco products are licit; however, alcohol and other mood-altering illicit substance are prohibited with severe penalties including imprisonment. Youths residing in Kuwait are being initiated into the use of mood-altering substances like tobacco at an early age, and it is postulated that, as they grow older, they may progress into using alcohol and other prohibited illicit drugs...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579375/assessment-of-thunderstorm-induced-asthma-using-google-trends
#11
Jean Bousquet, Robyn E O'Hehir, Josep M Anto, Genaro D'Amato, Ralf Mösges, Peter W Hellings, Michiel Van Eerd, Aziz Sheikh
An asthma outbreak of hospitalizations and deaths was noticed in Australia (November 2016) and in Kuwait (December 2016). This outbreak was clearly demonstrated using Google Trends (GT), a Web-based surveillance tool of interest in clinical practice.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577519/drug-allergy-evaluation-for-betalactam-hypersensitivity-cross-reactivity-with-cephalosporines-carbapenems-and-negative-predictive-value
#12
Mona Al-Ahmad, Tito Rodriguez-Bouza
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on cross-reactivity of betalactams among patients allergic to penicillin, or on the negative predictive value (NPV) of penicillin allergy evaluation from Arabian Gulf countries OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the role and NPV of drug provocation test (DPT) for betalactam hypersensitivity reactions in patients referred for allergy evaluation in Kuwait METHODS: Skin test (ST) was performed for all patients with a history of betalactam hypersensitivity, other than anaphylaxis...
June 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550979/status-of-blood-transfusion-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-region-who-emr-successes-and-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Arezoo Darbandi, Pargol Mashati, Amir Yami, Arshia Gharehbaghian, Mehdi Tabrizi Namini, Ahmad Gharehbaghian
BACKGROUND: Blood products are used for patient treatment and survival in the cases of major surgery, hematological disorders or cancer therapy. Presently the main blood components are not yet replaceable by artificial products and all activities related to blood transfusion is highly dependent on the healthcare development of each country. The World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO-EMR) comprises of 21 member states with variable socio-economic status effective on blood transfusion activities...
May 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545600/hydrocarbon-assessment-and-prediction-due-to-the-gulf-war-oil-disaster-north-kuwait
#14
Yohannes Yihdego, Radwan A Al-Weshah
  Oil spill in the Gulf was the biggest disaster in history. The scale of damage was enormous, ranging from destruction caused by oil fires and oil spills, to economic decline for the Kuwaiti oil industry. The transport modelling of the freshwater aquifers in north Kuwait was undertaken to assess potential remediation scenarios using the MODFLOW-SURFACT numerical code. Three interlinked models were calibrated: flow, density (salinity), and transport. The model domain is a subregional area encompassing the Al-Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish Basins...
June 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544458/the-prevalence-of-asthma-and-related-symptoms-in-middle-east-countries
#15
REVIEW
Azam Alavinezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by reversible airway constriction and airway hyperresponsiveness. Asthma is a worldwide problem and its prevalence varies among different parts of the world. There are insufficient data about the prevalence and risk factors of this disease in Middle East countries. DATA SOURCE: The objective of this review article was to determine the prevalence of asthma in Middle East countries by searching EMBASE, Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles about asthma prevalence in children and adults in this region...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509124/metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-undetectable-renal-mass-presenting-as-lymphadenopathy
#16
Mohamed Salah Fayaz, Aishah Ebrahim Al-Qaderi, Mustafa Shawki El-Sherify
Renal cell carcinoma has the ability to metastasize to any organ; about 16 % of affected patients present initially with metastasis. However, it is rare for this tumor to present with metastasis from an unidentified primary. The current use of immunohistochemistry and molecular genetics has enabled clinicians to reach a precise diagnosis. It has been hypothesized that the treatment protocol for metastatic renal cell carcinoma can be applied to cases with undetectable primary. In this paper, a novel case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma presenting with lymphadenopathy with no evidence of a primary renal lesion is reported from Kuwait cancer center...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501963/salinity-driven-decadal-changes-in-phytoplankton-community-in-the-nw-arabian-gulf-of-kuwait
#17
Turki Al-Said, Aws Al-Ghunaim, D V Subba Rao, Faiza Al-Yamani, Kholood Al-Rifaie, Ali Al-Baz
Evaluation of hydrological data obtained between 2000 and 2013 from a time series station in Kuwait Bay (station K6) and an offshore southern location (station 18) off Kuwait showed drastic increase in salinity by 6 units. We tested the hypothesis that increased salinity impacted phytoplankton community characteristics in these semiarid waters. The Arabian Gulf receives seasonal freshwater discharge in the north via Shatt Al-Arab estuary with a peak during March-July. A north to south gradient in the proportion of the freshwater exists between station A in the vicinity of Shatt Al-Arab estuary and station 18 in the southern offshore area...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501914/skermanella-mucosa-sp-nov-isolated-from-crude-oil-contaminated-soil
#18
Y Subhash, Da-Eun Yoon, Sang-Seob Lee
A novel Gram-stain negative, small rod-shaped bacterium (strain 8-14-6(T)) was isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated desert soil collected from Kuwait. Strain 8-14-6(T) grew at 5-37 °C, pH 6.0-8.8 and 0-2% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Casein, starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80 were hydrolyzed while urea, chitin, DNA and carboxymethyl-cellulose were not hydrolyzed by strain 8-14-6(T). The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and iso-C16:1I/C14:03-OH. Strain 8-14-6(T) produced diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids and five unidentified amino lipids as polar lipids...
May 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483746/a-web-based-graphical-food-frequency-assessment-system-design-development-and-usability-metrics
#19
Rodrigo Zenun Franco, Balqees Alawadhi, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Faustina Hwang
BACKGROUND: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are well established in the nutrition field, but there remain important questions around how to develop online tools in a way that can facilitate wider uptake. Also, FFQ user acceptance and evaluation have not been investigated extensively. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a Web-based graphical food frequency assessment system that addresses challenges of reproducibility, scalability, mobile friendliness, security, and usability and also presents the utilization metrics and user feedback from a deployment study...
May 8, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483143/spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-risks-posed-by-total-petroleum-hydrocarbon-and-trace-element-contaminants-in-coastal-waters-of-kuwait
#20
E E M Nicolaus, S R Wright, J Barry, T P C Bolam, K Ghareeb, M Ghaloom, N Al-Kanderi, B F M Harley, W J F Le Quesne, M J Devlin, B P Lyons
Nine trace elements including As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg, Ni, Pb, V and Zn, and total petroleum hydrocarbons were analysed from water samples collected from 23 stations since 1984 from Kuwaiti coastal waters. Here it was investigated whether concentrations of these determinants are at levels above Kuwaiti and internationally established assessment criteria (AC). The results indicate that Cu and Cd had the most Kuwaiti AC breaches over time. Comparing the data of the last sampled year to the least stringent international AC, then Cu and Cd showed breaches at all stations...
May 5, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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