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Fatima Ali, Faisal Alsayegh, Prem Sharma, Mohammad Waheedi, Tania Bayoud, Faisal Alrefai
BACKGROUND: The effects of diabetes mellitus on the differential white blood cell count are not widely studied in the Arab populations. The objective of this cross-sectional, retrospective study is to assess the influence of chronic diabetes mellitus on white blood cell counts, absolute neutrophil (ANC) and lymphocyte counts (ALC) as well as the prevalence of benign ethnic neutropenia among Arabs attending the Dasman Diabetes Institute (DDI) in Kuwait. METHODS AND FINDINGS: 1,580 out of 5,200 patients registered in the DDI database qualified for our study...
2018: PloS One
Salman AlSabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Saud Al-Subaie, Shehab Ekrouf, Khaled Alenezi, Ahmad Almulla, Mohannad Alhaddad
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most performed bariatric procedure as of 2015. However, inadequate weight loss may present the need for revisional procedures. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the efficacy of single-anastomosis gastric bypass (SAGB) in attaining successful weight loss following an initial LSG. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients who underwent LSG at Amiri Hospital, Kuwait from 2008 to 2017...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Abrar Alanzi, Anfal Faridoun, Katerina Kavvadia, Aghareed Ghanim
BACKGROUND: Molar-incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is considered as a global dental problem. There is little knowledge of general dental practitioners (GDPs) and dental specialists (DSs) about this condition in different parts of the world, particularly in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Hence, this study has been carried out to assess the knowledge of GDPS and DSs in Kuwait about MIH condition, its clinical presentation and management. Findings would help national school oral health program (SOHP) to promote good oral healthcare...
March 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Hayfaa Ali, Samaa Zenhom Ibrahem, Buthaina Al Mudaf, Talal Al Fadalah, Diana Jamal, Fadi El-Jardali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Wassim Chehadeh, Osama Albaksami, Sonia Elezebeth John, Widad Al-Nakib
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of non-polymorphic resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) in HIV-1 patients on first-line antiretroviral therapy in Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Total ribonucleic acid (RNA) was isolated from plasma samples of 42 patients who received first-line non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen. HIV-1 protease and reverse transcriptase genetic regions were then amplified by nested reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and directly sequenced...
March 5, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Dalal Alkazemi, Tasleem A Zafar, Mariam Ebrahim, Stan Kubow
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the presence of disordered eating attitudes and weight perception among young women at body mass index (BMI) values that correspond to underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese weight status. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,147 female undergraduate students (89% Kuwaiti nationals) recruited from Kuwait University through employment of the eating attitude test (EAT-26) together with an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire to determine the prevalence of symptomatology indicative of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Maram G Katoue, Jean Ker
BACKGROUND: Using the medicines reconciliation tool which involves preparing an updated list of patient's medications at each transition of care can significantly enhance patient safety. The pharmacist has been leading this process in western healthcare systems. Little is known about pharmacists' role in medicines reconciliation in Middle Eastern Countries. OBJECTIVES: To explore the implementation of medicines reconciliation in Kuwait hospitals, pharmacists' role in this process and perceptions of the challenges in implementing it in practice...
January 5, 2018: Health Policy
Y Alosairi, T Pokavanich, N Alsulaiman
Hydrodynamics and associated environmental processes have always been of major concern to coastal-dependent countries, such as Kuwait. This is due to the environmental impact that accompanies the economic and commercial activities along the coastal areas. In the current study, a three-dimensional numerical model is utilized to unveil the main dynamic and physical properties of Kuwait Bay during the critical season. The model performance over the summer months (June, July and August 2012) is assessed against comprehensive field measurements of water levels, velocity, temperature and salinity data before using the model to describe the circulation as driven by tides, gravitational convection and winds...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Saif Uddin, Montaha Behbehani
This study focuses on creating a baseline for40 K,210 Pb,137 Cs,90 Sr,226 Ra,228 Ra,238 U,235 U,234 U,239+240 Pu and238 Pu in marine sediments in the northwestern Gulf. The respective measured concentration ranges were 386-489, 32.3-48.8, 1.5-2.9, 4.53-5.42, 18.3-23.1, 18.8-23.0, 22.3-30.5, 0.99-1.33, 25.6-34.8, 0.30-0.93, and 0.0008-0.00018Bqkg-1 . The levels of these radionuclides are generally comparable to values reported for other marine waters in the northern hemisphere. The137 Cs activity in the Gulf sediments offshore Kuwait is an order of magnitude lower compared to sediments from northeastern Iran...
February 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
T Bayoud, M Waheedi, J Lemay, A Awad
OBJECTIVES: To report the types and frequency of drug therapy problems (DTPs) identified and the physician acceptance of the clinical pharmacist interventions in a private hospital in Kuwait. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 3500 patients admitted to the hospital between December 2010 and April 2013. A structured approach was used to identify DTPs and recommend interventions. Data were analyzed using MAXQDA version 11. KEY FINDINGS: A total of 670 DTPs were identified and recommendations were proposed to treating physicians for each DTP...
February 20, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Majda Khalil Suleiman, Narayana Ramachandra Bhat, Sheena Jacob, Meali Al-Burais
Plant physiological and morphological attributes should be critically evaluated for selecting any species for landscaping projects. The selection of a species should be based on the evaluation of its adaptability, noninvasiveness, growth potential, and performance under the prevailing local arid conditions for their aesthetic looks, soil stabilization, and afforestation values. Chrysopogon zizanoides (Vetiver), is suitable for Kuwait because it can withstand fluctuating temperatures ranging from -14 to 55 °C with unique physical and physiological characteristics...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
S Al Kandari, L Prasad, M Al Kandari, U Ramachandran, A Krassioukov
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational. OBJECTIVES: To compare objective (neurological examination) and subjective (patients perception) recovery in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) who chose to undergo cell transplantation therapies (CTT) outside of clinical trials abroad. SETTING: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Hospital, Kuwait. METHODS: Nine patients with SCI who had undergone CTT outside Kuwait were identified and their neurological pre-transplantation evaluation according the International Standards for Neurological Classification of SCI (ISNCSCI) was collected from hospital records...
February 22, 2018: Spinal Cord
Wafaa Jamal, Hayfaa Abdulkareem, Vincent O Rotimi
The objective was to test the in vitro activities of ceftaroline and comparator agents against clinical isolates of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Isolates were identified with VITEK II. Susceptibility testing was with E test. A total of 1264 isolates were tested. Compared to other cephalosporins, ceftaroline demonstrated excellent in vitro activities (MIC90 , ≤0.5 mg/L) against Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. and Haemophilus influenzae. When matched with the comparator cephalosporins, ceftaroline demonstrated the greatest activity against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), with MIC90 of 0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chemotherapy
Daniel Wibberg, Ileana P Salto, Felix G Eikmeyer, Irena Maus, Anika Winkler, Patrice Nordmann, Alfred Pühler, Laurent Poirel, Andreas Schlüter
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii strains appeared as serious emerging nosocomial pathogens in clinical environments and especially in intensive care units (ICUs). A. baumannii strain K50 recovered from a hospitalized patient in Kuwait exhibited resistance to carbapenems, and additionally to ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, sulfonamides, amikacin and gentamicin. Genome sequencing revealed that the strain possesses two plasmids, pK50a (79.6 kb) and pK50b (9.5 kb) and a 3.75 Mb chromosome. A. baumannii K50 exhibits an Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) value of 99...
February 20, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Juan P Rey-López, Rawan Hashem, Mark Hamer, Anne McMUNN, Peter H Whincup, Christopher G Owen, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Kuwait is one of the Arab countries with the highest prevalence of overweight or obesity. However, few studies have described the prevalence of obesity in this country. AIM: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Kuwaiti adolescents; and to examine the association of overweight and obesity status with familial socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 591 adolescent students (47% boys, median age: 16 years) from the Study of Health and Activity among Adolescents in Kuwait in 2012 and 2013...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Azhar H Alostad, Douglas T Steinke, Ellen I Schafheutle
Background: Herbal medicine (HM) regulation is less developed than that of allopathic medicines, with some countries lacking specific regulations. Objective: For the purpose of informing a registration system for HMs in Kuwait, which does not manufacture but imports all HMs, this study compared the similarities and differences between the current HM registration systems of five countries. Methods: The five countries were selected as major source countries of HM in Kuwait (United Kingdom (UK), Germany and United States of America (USA)) or because of geographical proximity or size and approach (United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kingdom of Bahrain)...
2018: Pharmaceutical Medicine
Wassim Chehadeh, Anfal Al-Adwani, Sonia Elezebeth John, Shaikhah Al-Dhufairi, Hessa Al-Dousari, Maha Alkhaledi, Widad Al-Nakib
Human adenovirus (HAdV) infection can result in a severe respiratory disease. The aim of this study was to identify HAdV types detected in patients hospitalized for severe respiratory illness. The study population consisted of 743 patients with severe respiratory disease admitted to four major hospitals in Kuwait between January 2013 and December 2016. Respiratory specimens were retrospectively screened for 20 respiratory viruses by real-time PCR. The HAdV hexon gene was amplified and directly sequenced, and HAdV types were identified by performing Bayesian phylogenetic analysis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
M Janik, D Al-Azmi, S K Sahoo
Indoor measurements of radon and thoron in Kuwait were conducted during the years 2015 and 2016. In this study, 65 dwellings were selected for the long-term radon-thoron survey using passive nuclear track monitors. The monitors (at least one) were used at various locations in the dwellings for 83-306 days. Some measurements were also repeated at the same locations in different seasons. This current study is a preliminary thoron survey with relatively small sample size. The results showed that the range of thoron concentration was from below the lower limit of detection to 35 Bq m-3, whereas the range of radon concentration was within 10-202 Bq m-3...
February 9, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Suzanne A Al-Bustan, Ahmad Al-Serri, Babitha G Annice, Majed A Alnaqeeb, Wafa Y Al-Kandari, Mohammed Dashti
The role interethnic genetic differences play in plasma lipid level variation across populations is a global health concern. Several genes involved in lipid metabolism and transport are strong candidates for the genetic association with lipid level variation especially lipoprotein lipase (LPL). The objective of this study was to re-sequence the full LPL gene in Kuwaiti Arabs, analyse the sequence variation and identify variants that could attribute to variation in plasma lipid levels for further genetic association...
2018: PloS One
Salwa Al-Mouqatea, Mohammad Alkhamis, Batool Akbar, Abdulmohsen Ali, Hameed Al-Aqeel, Ahmed Bin-Heji, Mohammed Razzaque, Julio Alvarez, Andres Perez
Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is endemic in Kuwait; cattle identified as TB-positive using the caudal fold test (CFT) are culled. We used a Bayesian approach to estimate the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of the IFNγ assay and ELISA, which are not routinely used in Kuwait in CFT-negative dairy cattle. Blood samples from CFT-negative cattle ( n = 384) collected from 38 dairy farms were tested by IFNγ assay and ELISA. The Se and Sp (95% CI) of the IFNγ were 85.0% (67.6-95.3%) and 90.4% (86.7-95.3%), respectively, whereas estimates for the ELISA were 61...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
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