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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545600/hydrocarbon-assessment-and-prediction-due-to-the-gulf-war-oil-disaster-north-kuwait
#1
Yohannes Yihdego, Radwan A Al-Weshah
  Oil spill in the Gulf was the biggest disaster in history. The scale of damage was enormous, ranging from destruction caused by oil fires and oil spills, to economic decline for the Kuwaiti oil industry. The transport modelling of the freshwater aquifers in north Kuwait was undertaken to assess potential remediation scenarios using the MODFLOW-SURFACT numerical code. Three interlinked models were calibrated: flow, density (salinity), and transport. The model domain is a subregional area encompassing the Al-Raudhatain and Umm Al-Aish Basins...
June 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544458/the-prevalence-of-asthma-and-related-symptoms-in-middle-east-countries
#2
REVIEW
Azam Alavinezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by reversible airway constriction and airway hyperresponsiveness. Asthma is a worldwide problem and its prevalence varies among different parts of the world. There are insufficient data about the prevalence and risk factors of this disease in Middle East countries. DATA SOURCE: The objective of this review article was to determine the prevalence of asthma in Middle East countries by searching EMBASE, Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles about asthma prevalence in children and adults in this region...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509124/metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-undetectable-renal-mass-presenting-as-lymphadenopathy
#3
Mohamed Salah Fayaz, Aishah Ebrahim Al-Qaderi, Mustafa Shawki El-Sherify
Renal cell carcinoma has the ability to metastasize to any organ; about 16 % of affected patients present initially with metastasis. However, it is rare for this tumor to present with metastasis from an unidentified primary. The current use of immunohistochemistry and molecular genetics has enabled clinicians to reach a precise diagnosis. It has been hypothesized that the treatment protocol for metastatic renal cell carcinoma can be applied to cases with undetectable primary. In this paper, a novel case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma presenting with lymphadenopathy with no evidence of a primary renal lesion is reported from Kuwait cancer center...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501963/salinity-driven-decadal-changes-in-phytoplankton-community-in-the-nw-arabian-gulf-of-kuwait
#4
Turki Al-Said, Aws Al-Ghunaim, D V Subba Rao, Faiza Al-Yamani, Kholood Al-Rifaie, Ali Al-Baz
Evaluation of hydrological data obtained between 2000 and 2013 from a time series station in Kuwait Bay (station K6) and an offshore southern location (station 18) off Kuwait showed drastic increase in salinity by 6 units. We tested the hypothesis that increased salinity impacted phytoplankton community characteristics in these semiarid waters. The Arabian Gulf receives seasonal freshwater discharge in the north via Shatt Al-Arab estuary with a peak during March-July. A north to south gradient in the proportion of the freshwater exists between station A in the vicinity of Shatt Al-Arab estuary and station 18 in the southern offshore area...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501914/skermanella-mucosa-sp-nov-isolated-from-crude-oil-contaminated-soil
#5
Y Subhash, Da-Eun Yoon, Sang-Seob Lee
A novel Gram-stain negative, small rod-shaped bacterium (strain 8-14-6(T)) was isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated desert soil collected from Kuwait. Strain 8-14-6(T) grew at 5-37 °C, pH 6.0-8.8 and 0-2% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Casein, starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80 were hydrolyzed while urea, chitin, DNA and carboxymethyl-cellulose were not hydrolyzed by strain 8-14-6(T). The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and iso-C16:1I/C14:03-OH. Strain 8-14-6(T) produced diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids and five unidentified amino lipids as polar lipids...
May 13, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483746/a-web-based-graphical-food-frequency-assessment-system-design-development-and-usability-metrics
#6
Rodrigo Zenun Franco, Balqees Alawadhi, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Faustina Hwang
BACKGROUND: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are well established in the nutrition field, but there remain important questions around how to develop online tools in a way that can facilitate wider uptake. Also, FFQ user acceptance and evaluation have not been investigated extensively. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a Web-based graphical food frequency assessment system that addresses challenges of reproducibility, scalability, mobile friendliness, security, and usability and also presents the utilization metrics and user feedback from a deployment study...
May 8, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483143/spatial-and-temporal-analysis-of-the-risks-posed-by-total-petroleum-hydrocarbon-and-trace-element-contaminants-in-coastal-waters-of-kuwait
#7
E E M Nicolaus, S R Wright, J Barry, T P C Bolam, K Ghareeb, M Ghaloom, N Al-Kanderi, B F M Harley, W J F Le Quesne, M J Devlin, B P Lyons
Nine trace elements including As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg, Ni, Pb, V and Zn, and total petroleum hydrocarbons were analysed from water samples collected from 23 stations since 1984 from Kuwaiti coastal waters. Here it was investigated whether concentrations of these determinants are at levels above Kuwaiti and internationally established assessment criteria (AC). The results indicate that Cu and Cd had the most Kuwaiti AC breaches over time. Comparing the data of the last sampled year to the least stringent international AC, then Cu and Cd showed breaches at all stations...
May 5, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474321/three-year-follow-up-of-laparoscopic-reduced-port-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-808-consecutive-patients
#8
Mohammad Al Jarallah, Radwan Kassir, Mohab El-Barbari, Shaaban Ali, Tarek Debs, Elie Chouillard
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a very popular technique for the treatment of morbid obesity. Less and less invasive laparoscopic approaches to SG have been proposed and shown to be safe and feasible. OBJECTIVES: We developed a reduced port laparoscopic approach to sleeve gastrectomy (RLSG) with the aim to further optimize the advantages of laparoscopy. Preliminary and safety profile of RLSG as well as 3 years weight loss outcome are hereby discussed. SETTING: University Hospital, Kuwait...
May 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473191/anemia-in-diabetes-experience-of-a-single-treatment-center-in-kuwait
#9
Faisal Alsayegh, Mohammad Waheedi, Tania Bayoud, Asma Al Hubail, Faisal Al-Refaei, Prem Sharma
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder in Kuwait. Anemia is a known outcome of diabetes and its related complications. This study examined the prevalence of anemia in diabetic subjects in Kuwait as well as any association between the presence of anemia with Hemoglobin A1c and diabetes complications. METHODS: The study subjects were diabetic patients with complete records and two or more visits at Dasman Diabetes Institute. Patient's data included demographics, complications, medications and laboratory results...
May 1, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461630/stress-level-of-dental-and-medical-students-comparison-of-effects-of-a-subject-based-curriculum-versus-a-case-based-integrated-curriculum
#10
Fatemah A Ahmad, Anfal A Karimi, Naela A Alboloushi, Qasem D Al-Omari, Fatimah J AlSairafi, Muawia A Qudeimat
The aim of this study was to investigate the stress level of medical and dental students at Kuwait University after a case-based integrated curriculum replaced the former subject-based curriculum. A modified version of the Dental Environment Stress questionnaire was used to measure possible stressors for both medical and dental students. The investigators administered the questionnaire for the first time in 2008, when Kuwait University medical and dental schools followed a subject-based curriculum (group A)...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441790/eradicating-breast-cancer-longevity-impact-on-kuwaiti-women
#11
Muhammad Ali Al Ramadhan
Objective: To explore salient trends in incidence and mortality from breast cancer among Kuwaiti females and to quantify the number of years that could be saved if breast cancer deaths were eliminated. Methods: Appling life table technique, the paper constructs a bridged, multiple decrement and cancer-elimination life tables for Kuwaiti females. Data sources include Kuwait Cancer Control Center Registry along with vital statistics on mortality by age groups, nationality, and causes of death according to ICD-10 revision...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435312/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-with-neuropathic-characteristics-a-randomized-telephone-survey-among-medical-center-patients-in-kuwait
#12
Nadia Zghoul, Edgar L Ross, Robert R Edwards, Adel Ahmed, Robert N Jamison
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain with neuropathic characteristics is considered to be an international health problem. However, surveys on the actual incidence of neuropathic pain have not been conducted in many Middle East countries, including Kuwait. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of pain and medical comorbidities among a random sample of patients treated at a large medical center in Kuwait. METHODS: A list of 1,000 patients was created from the hospital medical record system, and a telephone survey was conducted on 759 patients who responded to the phone call, of which 67...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417558/the-tcn2-variant-of-rs9606756-ile23val-acts-as-risk-loci-for-obesity-related-traits-and-mediates-by-interacting-with-apo-a1
#13
Prashantha Hebbar, Fadi Alkayal, Rasheeba Nizam, Motasem Melhem, Naser Elkum, Sumi Elsa John, Mohamed Abufarha, Osama Alsmadi, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj
OBJECTIVE: Despite alarming obesity levels in the Arabian Peninsula, its population lacks convincingly identified genetic determinants of obesity. A genome-wide association study was performed for obesity-related anthropometric traits in Arabs and to decipher mechanisms by which the variants mediate traits. METHODS: The Illumina HumanOmniExpress BeadChip was used to genotype 1,353 Arab individuals (largely with Class I obesity) from Kuwait. Genome-wide association tests for obesity-related anthropometric traits were performed...
June 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406962/ethnic-differences-in-association-of-high-body-mass-index-with-early-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-arab-ethnicity-as-case-study
#14
Arshad M Channanath, Naser Elkum, Dalia Al-Abdulrazzaq, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Azza Shaltout, Thangavel Alphonse Thanaraj
OBJECTIVE: The "accelerator hypothesis" predicts early onset of Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in heavier children. Studies testing direction of correlation between body mass index (BMI) and age at onset of T1D in different continental populations have reported differing results-inverse, direct, and neutral. Evaluating the correlation in diverse ethnic populations is required to generalize the accelerator hypothesis. METHODS: The study cohort comprised 474 Kuwaiti children of Arab ethnicity diagnosed with T1D at age 6 to 18 years during 2011-2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400862/an-audit-of-clinical-practice-in-a-single-centre-in-kuwait-management-of-children-on-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-screening
#15
Dina Omar, Hala Alsanae, Mona Al Khawari, Majedah Abdulrasoul, Zahraa Rahme, Faisal Al Refaei, Kazem Behbehani, Azza Shaltout
OBJECTIVES: To audit the current clinical practice of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in children and adolescents attending a single centre in Kuwait. METHODS: A one year retrospective audit was performed in children and adolescents with T1D on CSII, who attended the paediatric diabetes clinic, Dasman Diabetes Institute during 2012. The primary outcome measure was glycaemic control as evidenced by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level and the secondary outcome measures were the frequency of monitoring of the risk for microvascular complications and occurrence of acute complications and adverse events...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390697/smoking-prevalence-and-attributable-disease-burden-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed...
May 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387897/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-the-arab-world-impact-of-gdp-and-energy-consumption
#17
S A Meo, A M Usmani, E Qalbani
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a rapidly growing and most challenging health issue of the 21st century. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of type-2 DM and its association with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and energy consumption in the Arab world countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 88 articles through systematic searches including Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science, PubMed and EMBASE databases published between 1980-2015...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380072/population-structure-and-molecular-genetic-characterization-of-5-flucytosine-susceptible-and-resistant-clinical-candida-dubliniensis-isolates-from-kuwait
#18
Mohammad Asadzadeh, Suhail Ahmad, Noura Al-Sweih, Ziauddin Khan
Candida dubliniensis and Candida albicans are two closely related species. Although C. dubliniensis is less pathogenic, it has a higher propensity to develop resistance to fluconazole and some strains exhibit intrinsic resistance to 5-flucytosine (5-FC). All 5-FC-resistant isolates from Kuwait were previously shown to belong to one of seven internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of rDNA-based haplotypes. This study performed fingerprinting of C. dubliniensis isolates by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to determine population structure of 5-FC-resistant and -susceptible strains and compared the results with data from a global collection of isolates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353392/epidemiology-and-molecular-basis-of-resistance-to-fluconazole-among-clinical-candida-parapsilosis-isolates-in-kuwait
#19
Mohammad Asadzadeh, Suhail Ahmad, Noura Al-Sweih, Ziauddin Khan
Fluconazole resistance among clinical Candida parapsilosis isolates is an emerging problem in many countries, including Kuwait. Resistance to fluconazole is mediated by amino acid substitutions in ERG11 and/or by overexpression of efflux pumps MDR1 and CDR1. Clinical C. parapsilosis sensu stricto isolates (n = 442) were tested for susceptibility to fluconazole by Etest, Vitek II, and broth microdilution methods. ERG11 was analyzed from fluconazole-resistant, fluconazole-susceptible dose-dependent, and selected fluconazole-susceptible isolates...
March 29, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348603/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-peer-victimization-bullying-among-grades-7-and-8-middle-school-students-in-kuwait
#20
Ahmad J Abdulsalam, Abdullah E Al Daihani, Konstantinos Francis
Background. Peer victimization (bullying) is a universal phenomenon with detrimental effects. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and factors of bullying among grades 7 and 8 middle school students in Kuwait. Methods. The study is a cross-sectional study that includes a sample of 989 7th and 8th grade middle school students randomly selected from schools. The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire was used to measure different forms of bullying. After adjusting for confounding, logistic regression identified the significant associated factors related to bullying...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
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