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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131066/human-polyomavirus-wu-in-patients-with-respiratory-tract-infection-in-kuwait
#1
Sahar Essa, Wassim Chehadeh, Widad Al-Nakib
OBJECTIVE: To determine the circulating polyomavirus Washington University (WUV) strains among hospitalized patients with respiratory tract infections (RTI) in Kuwait. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from 459 hospitalized children and adult patients with respiratory tract infections were screened for respiratory viruses by Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques from April 2013 to April 2016. The VP2 gene from WUV-positive samples was sequenced and subjected to phylogenetic analysis...
November 7, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123605/evaluation-of-modified-alvarado-scoring-system-and-ripasa-scoring-system-as-diagnostic-tools-of-acute-appendicitis
#2
Abdullah Shuaib, Ali Shuaib, Zainab Fakhra, Bader Marafi, Khalid Alsharaf, Abdullah Behbehani
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical condition presented in emergency departments worldwide. Clinical scoring systems, such as the Alvarado and modified Alvarado scoring systems, were developed with the goal of reducing the negative appendectomy rate to 5%-10%. The Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Appendicitis (RIPASA) scoring system was established in 2008 specifically for Asian populations. The aim of this study was to compare the modified Alvarado with the RIPASA scoring system in Kuwait population...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083040/metagenomic-analysis-of-viral-diversity-in-respiratory-samples-from-patients-with-respiratory-tract-infections-in-kuwait
#3
N Madi, W Al-Nakib, A S Mustafa, N Habibi
A metagenomic approach based on target independent next-generation sequencing has become a known method for the detection of both known and novel viruses in clinical samples. This study aimed to use the metagenomic sequencing approach to characterise the viral diversity in respiratory samples from patients with respiratory tract infections. We have investigated 86 respiratory samples received from various hospitals in Kuwait between 2015 and 2016 for the diagnosis of respiratory tract infections. A metagenomic approach using the next-generation sequencer to characterise viruses was used...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082238/coliform-bacteria-for-bioremediation-of-waste-hydrocarbons
#4
Majida Khanafer, Husain Al-Awadhi, Samir Radwan
Raw, domestic sewage of Kuwait City contained about 10(6) ml(-1) colony forming units of Enterobacter hormaechei subsp. oharae (56.6%), Klebsiella spp. (36%), and Escherichia coli (7.4%), as characterized by their 16S rRNA-gene sequences. The isolated coliforms grew successfully on a mineral medium with crude oil vapor as a sole source of carbon and energy. Those strains also grew, albeit to different degrees, on individual n-alkanes with carbon chains between C9 and C36 and on the individual aromatic hydrocarbons, toluene, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and biphenyl as sole sources of carbon and energy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079300/baseline-screening-for-the-presence-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-e-coli-isolated-from-kuwait-s-marine-environment
#5
Hanan A Al-Sarawi, Awadhesh N Jha, Craig Baker-Austin, Mohammad A Al-Sarawi, Brett P Lyons
Here we present the findings of a study where 598 isolates of Escherichia coli (351 derived from seawater; 247 derived from the Venus clam, Circenita callipyga) were obtained from Kuwait's marine environment. Isolates were screened for their potential resistance to an array of 23 commonly deployed frontline antibiotics. Results demonstrate the resistant was widespread across all sites with high-levels of resistance (seawater: summer 89-64%; winter 90-57% and biota: summer 77%; winter 88%) observed to at least 1 of the 23 antibiotics tested...
October 24, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064483/coupling-external-with-internal-exposure-metrics-of-trihalomethanes-in-young-females-from-kuwait-and-cyprus
#6
Stephanie Gängler, Konstantinos C Makris, Walid Bouhamra, Douglas W Dockery
The Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle Eastern regions are both understudied in terms of possible environmental health risks for their populations. Water scarcity and desalination treatment provide the general population of countries from these regions (e.g., Kuwait and Cyprus) with unique tap water characteristics. This study investigated the association between external (tap water and 24 h personal air samples) and internal (urine) THM exposure metrics that reflected information about THM-related habits and activities collected using questionnaires and time activity diaries...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058577/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-pediatricians-on-infantile-colic-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-region
#7
Flavia Indrio, Mohamad Miqdady, Fahd Al Aql, Joseph Haddad, Berkouk Karima, Katayoun Khatami, Nehza Mouane, Aiman Rahmani, Sulaiman Alsaad, Mohamed Salah, Gamal Samy, Silvio Tafuri
BACKGROUND: Regional evidence-based guidelines for the prophylaxis and management of infantile colic are not available for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The Allied Against Infantile Functional GI Disorders (ACT) Working Group was created in January, 2015 to determine the knowledge gaps and the current management practices of infantile colic by physicians in the MENA region. The ACT group determined the need for a survey to address these questions. The objectives of the survey were to highlight current clinical practices on the management of infantile colic and to raise awareness on colic severity in the MENA region...
October 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054665/spatial-and-temporal-variations-in-the-atmospheric-concentrations-of-stockholm-convention-organochlorine-pesticides-in-kuwait
#8
Bondi Gevao, Massimiliano Porcelli, Smitha Rajagopalan, Divya Krishnan, Karell Martinez-Guijarro, Hassan Alshemmari, Majed Bahloul, Jamal Zafar
The study reports fortnightly atmospheric concentrations of organochlorine pesticides concomitantly measured at an urban, "industrial" and a remote location over a twelve month period in Kuwait to examine seasonal variability and urban-rural concentration gradients. The average±SD (and range) of the ΣOC concentrations measured throughout the study period in decreasing order were urban, 505±305 (range, 33-1352) pgm(-3), remote, 204±124 (4.5-556) pgm(-3), and "industrial" 155±103 (8.8-533) pgm(-3). The concentrations of most OCs measured in this study, except for DDT and its metabolites, were higher at urban locations relative to their concentrations at remote location, in line with the literature on POPs regarding urban conurbations being sources of industrial chemicals...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051008/dna-recombination-defects-in-kuwait-clinical-immunologic-and-genetic-profile
#9
Waleed Al-Herz, Michel J Massaad, Janet Chou, Luigi D Notarangelo, Raif S Geha
Defects in DNA Recombination due to mutations in RAG1/2 or DCLRE1C result in combined immunodeficiency (CID) with a range of disease severity. We present the clinical, immunologic and molecular characteristics of 21 patients with defects in RAG1, RAG2 or DCLRE1C, who accounted for 24% of combined immune deficiency cases in the Kuwait National Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders Registry. The distribution of the patients was as follow: 8 with RAG1 deficiency, 6 with RAG2 deficiency and 7 with DCLRE1C deficiency...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033614/fusion-of-lower-limbs-with-severe-urogenital-malformation-in-a-newborn-a-rare-congenital-clinical-syndrome-case-report
#10
Fatemah Al Hadhoud, Abeer H Kamal, Abdulmohsen Al Anjari, Michael Fe Diejomaoh
BACKGROUND: Fused lower limbs combined with severe urogenital malformation, also known as sirenomelia, is a rare congenital clinical syndrome. The etiology is unknown, and the outcome for the affected fetus is rather uncertain. CASE REPORT: Mrs RB, a Kuwaiti woman primigravida, married to a non-consanguineous husband, had uneventful antenatal care in a private health service, until she was admitted to the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, at 31 weeks of gestation with a 3-hour history of ruptured membranes...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033172/environmental-characterization-of-a-semiarid-hyper-saline-system-based-on-dissolved-trace-metal-macronutrient-synergy-a-multivariate-spatio-temporal-approach
#11
Turki Al-Said, Rakhesh Madhusoodhanan, Tanuspong Pokavanich, Faiza Al-Yamani, Raziya Kedila, Aws Al-Ghunaim, Ali Al-Hashem
Trace metals and macronutrients play key roles in marine biogeochemical processes. Despite their higher availability, no reliable information is available on their ecological role in the hypersaline waters of NW Arabian Gulf. The present study identifies their synergistic effect on environmental characteristics and autotrophic biomass in the shallow coastal and offshore waters, off Kuwait on a seasonal basis. Surface water samples collected along four predefined transects were analyzed for physico-chemical and biological variables during summer (n=27) and winter (n=27) seasons...
October 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030731/burden-of-migraine-in-a-kuwaiti-population-a-door-to-door-survey
#12
Jasem Yousef Al-Hashel, Samar Farouk Ahmed, Raed Alroughani
BACKGROUND: Migraine prevalence and disability imprints on Kuwaiti population are underreported. We aimed to measure the prevalence of migraine and to assess its burden in Kuwait. METHODS: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted which included biologically unrelated Kuwaiti adult population aged 18-65 years. They were randomly recruited from all six governments of Kuwait using stratified multistage cluster sampling. Trained interviewers visited the samples in door-to-door approach...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029725/bluetongue-virus-from-btv-1-to-btv-27
#13
Guillaume Belbis, Stéphan Zientara, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Grégory Caignard, Damien Vitour, Houssam Attoui
Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the type species of genus Orbivirus within family Reoviridae. Bluetongue virus is transmitted between its ruminant hosts by the bite of Culicoides spp. midges. Severe BT cases are characterized by symptoms including hemorrhagic fever, particularly in sheep, loss of productivity, and death. To date, 27 BTV serotypes have been documented. These include novel isolates of atypical BTV, which have been almost fully characterized using deep sequencing technologies and do not rely on Culicoides vectors for their transmission among hosts...
2017: Advances in Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028812/occurrence-of-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-across-the-gulf-corporation-council-countries-four-years-update
#14
Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Elrobh, Maha Alzayer, Sameera Aljuhani, Hanan Balkhy
The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections has become a global issue of dire concerns. MERS-CoV infections have been identified in many countries all over the world whereas high level occurrences have been documented in the Middle East and Korea. MERS-CoV is mainly spreading across the geographical region of the Middle East, especially in the Arabian Peninsula, while some imported sporadic cases were reported from the Europe, North America, Africa, and lately Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024927/identifying-a-potential-summary-measure-for-overall-caries-level-in-children-examined-with-the-international-caries-detection-and-assessment-system
#15
Mohamed ElSalhy, Aishah Alsumait, Hollis Lai, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Chaiana Piovesan, Carlos Flores-Mir, Maryam Amin
OBJECTIVE: To identify a potential summative summary measure that reflects a patient's overall caries level in children examined with the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Participants were 1- to 15-year-old children from Kuwait, Brazil, and Spain. Children's teeth were examined using the ICDAS. Multiple measures of central tendency and dentition-specific indices were considered as potential summative measures. The relationship between the summative measures and number of caries lesions was evaluated considering degrees of caries severity using Spearman's correlation analysis...
October 13, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019334/brain-metastasis-from-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#16
Jaroslav Nemec, Abdulsalam Alnajjar, Jasem Albarrak, Shaban A, Mariam Al Otaibi, Asit Mohanty
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of cancer death in the Western world, accounting for approximately 140,000 new cases and more than 51,000 deaths in 2010 in the United States. In Kuwait, CRC is the first most-diagnosed neoplasm among males and overall, the second leading cause of death from cancer. The 5-year survival rate in 2002-2004 was 61% for men and 62% for women. Even after complete resection of the colorectal tumor, distant metastases have been noted to develop in 10%-15% of patients...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019328/second-primary-tumors-associated-with-breast-cancer-kuwait-cancer-control-center-experience
#17
Salah Fayaz, Gerges Attia Demian, Heba El-Sayed Eissa, Sadeq Abuzalouf
OBJECTIVES: To review the clinico-epidemiologic characteristics of patients who presented with two or more primary cancers, one of which was breast cancer (BC) and to develop a follow-up program for the high risk patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with BC and one or more non breast cancer (NBC) were retrospectively reviewed. Medical files were retrieved and epidemiological as well as clinical data were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients were retrieved...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989057/a-prospective-pilot-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-elipse-intragastric-balloon-a-single-center-single-surgeon-experience
#18
Saud Al-Subaie, Salman Khalifa, Waleed Buhaimed, Shahad Al-Rashidi
BACKGROUND: Elipse™ is the least invasive IGB for weight loss that needs no sedation or endoscopy. It is a swallowable capsule filled with 550 mL of fluid, which stays in the stomach for 16 weeks and is excreted from the gastrointestinal tract. Kuwait is one of the first countries to start using Elipse™ as a weight loss device. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Elipse™ intragastric balloon (IGB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single-center prospective pilot study of 51 Elipse™ insertions at our clinic...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977793/antibiotic-resistance-trends-in-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-in-kuwait-hospitals-2011-2015
#19
Edet Udo, Samar Boswihi
<br>The aim of this study was to determine antibiotic resistance trends and carriage of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) genetic elements in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated in Kuwait hospitals to ascertain whether they were healthcare-associated (HA-MRSA) or community-associated (CA-MRSA). <br> Materials (Subjects) and Methods<br>In total 6,922 MRSA isolates obtained from different clinical samples were tested for resistance to antibiotics, urease production and carriage of SCCmec elements...
October 4, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967328/molecular-detection-of-haemosporidian-parasites-of-birds-in-culex-pipiens-diptera-culicidae-in-kuwait
#20
Will K Reeves
A molecular surveillance of haemosporidian parasites from 19,521 Culex pipiens (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) from Kuwait detected 2 pools with a unique Haemoproteus (Haemoproteus) sp. (Haemospororida: Haemoproteidae) most likely parasitizing columbiform birds and probably represented contaminated blood meals or aborted infections in mosquitoes. Haemoproteus spp. have been previously reported in Kuwait based on microscopic examination of avian blood smears. I report on molecular detection and subgenus level identification of a novel Haemoproteus (Haemoproteus) sp...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
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