keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sudden cardiac death risk factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765434/risk-factors-and-prognostic-role-of-an-electrical-storm-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction-with-an-implanted-icd-for-secondary-prevention
#1
Wojciech Kwaśniewski, Artur Filipecki, Michał Orszulak, Witold Orszulak, Dagmara Urbańczyk, Robert Roczniok, Maria Trusz-Gluza, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec
Introduction: The aim of our study was to determine the risk factors for electrical storm (ES) and to assess the impact of ES on the long-term prognosis in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Material and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 416 patients with coronary artery disease after MI who had an implanted ICD for secondary prevention of SCD. Fifty (12%) patients had one or more incidents of an electrical storm - the ES (+) group...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764968/how-to-prevent-and-manage-radiation-induced-coronary-artery-disease
#2
REVIEW
Jason R Cuomo, Sean P Javaheri, Gyanendra K Sharma, Deepak Kapoor, Adam E Berman, Neal L Weintraub
Radiation-induced coronary heart disease (RICHD) is the second most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients treated with radiotherapy for breast cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma and other prevalent mediastinal malignancies. The risk of RICHD increases with radiation dose. Exposed patients may present decades after treatment with manifestations ranging from asymptomatic myocardial perfusion defects to ostial, triple-vessel disease and sudden cardiac death. RICHD is insidious, with a long latency and a tendency to remain silent late into the disease course...
May 15, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761861/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-heart-failure-patients-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-and-diabetes
#3
Abhinav Sharma, Sana M Al-Khatib, Justin A Ezekowitz, Lauren B Cooper, Christopher B Fordyce, G Michael Felker, Gust H Bardy, Jeanne E Poole, J Thomas Bigger, Alfred E Buxton, Arthur J Moss, Daniel J Friedman, Kerry L Lee, Richard Steinman, Paul Dorian, Riccardo Cappato, Alan H Kadish, Peter J Kudenchuk, Daniel B Mark, Eric D Peterson, Lurdes Y T Inoue, Gillian D Sanders
AIM: There is limited information on the outcomes after primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation in patients with heart failure (HF) and diabetes. This analysis evaluates the effectiveness of a strategy of ICD plus medical therapy vs. medical therapy alone among patients with HF and diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A patient-level combined-analysis was conducted from a combined dataset that included four primary prevention ICD trials of patients with HF or severely reduced ejection fractions: Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial I (MADIT I), MADIT II, Defibrillators in Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Treatment Evaluation (DEFINITE), and Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure Trial (SCD-HeFT)...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759496/j-waves-for-predicting-cardiac-events-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#4
Toyonobu Tsuda, Kenshi Hayashi, Tetsuo Konno, Kenji Sakata, Takashi Fujita, Akihiko Hodatsu, Yoji Nagata, Ryota Teramoto, Akihiro Nomura, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Furusho, Masayuki Takamura, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, Noboru Fujino, Masakazu Yamagishi
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate whether the presence of J waves was associated with cardiac events in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: It has been uncertain whether the presence of J waves predicts life-threatening cardiac events in patients with HCM. METHODS: This study evaluated consecutive 338 patients with HCM (207 men; age 61 ± 17 years of age). A J-wave was defined as J-point elevation >0...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750680/long-term-effects-of-antihypertensive-therapy-on-cardiovascular-events-and-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-in-high-risk-hypertensive-patients-in-japan
#5
Jinliang Liu, Shinji Yasuno, Koji Oba, Manako Konda, Chikako Ichihara, Hiromi Kitao, Yoshihiro Kuwabara, Kenji Ueshima
OBJECTIVE: During the Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan (CASE-J) trial, patients with hypertension who received amlodipine had similar cardiovascular risks as those who received candesartan. We conducted a post-trial study, the Candesartan Antihypertensive Survival Evaluation in Japan 10-year follow-up (CASE-J 10). This study aimed to confirm the long-term cardiovascular effects of candesartan and amlodipine. METHODS: Case report forms were sent to CASE-J investigators who agreed to participate in the CASE-J 10...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749082/effect-of-induced-chronic-atrial-fibrillation-on-exercise-performance-in-standardbred-trotters
#6
Rikke Buhl, Helena Carstensen, Eva Zander Hesselkilde, Bjørg Zinkernagel Klein, Karen Margrethe Hougaard, Kirsten Bomberg Ravn, Ameli Victoria Loft-Andersen, Merle Friederike Fenner, Christian Pipper, Thomas Jespersen
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia affecting performance in horses. However, no previous studies have quantified the performance reduction in horses suffering from AF. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effect of AF on maximum velocity (Vmax ), maximum heart rate (HRmax ), heart rate recovery (T100 ), hematologic parameters and development of abnormal QRS complexes. ANIMALS: Nine Standardbred trotters. METHODS: Two-arm controlled trial...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735354/prediction-of-sudden-death-risk-in-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-potential-for-refinement-of-current-criteria
#7
Milind Y Desai, Nicholas G Smedira, Ashwat Dhillon, Ahmad Masri, Oussama Wazni, Mohamad Kanj, Kimi Sato, Maran Thamilarasan, Zoran B Popovic, Harry M Lever
BACKGROUND: In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the use of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) can prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD). In patients with obstructive HCM, we sought to determine the prognostic utility of European Society of Cardiology (ESC) SCD risk score and to evaluate whether additional factors modulate SCD risk. METHODS: We studied 1809 consecutive patients with obstructive HCM (mean age, 50 ± 14 years; 63% males; mean maximal outflow tract gradient, 93 ± 40 mm Hg)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731407/cardiovascular-disease-and-use-of-contemporary-protease-inhibitors-the-d-a-d-international-prospective-multicohort-study
#8
Lene Ryom, Jens D Lundgren, Wafaa El-Sadr, Peter Reiss, Ole Kirk, Matthew Law, Andrew Phillips, Rainer Weber, Eric Fontas, Antonella d' Arminio Monforte, Stéphane De Wit, Francois Dabis, Camilla I Hatleberg, Caroline Sabin, Amanda Mocroft
BACKGROUND: Although earlier protease inhibitors have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, whether this increased risk also applies to more contemporary protease inhibitors is unknown. We aimed to assess whether cumulative use of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir and ritonavir-boosted darunavir were associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in people living with HIV. METHODS: The prospective Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) study consists of people living with HIV-1 from 11 cohorts in Australia, Europe, and the USA...
May 3, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730085/diabetes-mellitus-and-the-risk-of-sudden-cardiac-death-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#9
D Aune, S Schlesinger, T Norat, E Riboli
BACKGROUND: Although diabetes mellitus is an established risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke, data on the association with sudden cardiac death are less extensive and the findings have not been entirely consistent. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies on diabetes mellitus and risk of sudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to July 18th 2017. Prospective studies that reported adjusted relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between a diabetes diagnosis or pre-diabetes and risk of sudden cardiac death were included...
February 24, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713356/sudden-unexpected-cardio-respiratory-arrest-after-venipuncture-in-children
#10
Goun Jeong, Son Moon Shin, Nam Su Kim, Young Min Ahn
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and socioenvironmental characteristics of sudden cardiorespiratory arrest after venipuncture in children. Methods: We conducted a retrospective email-based survey of all members of the Korean Pediatric Society. The questionnaire included items on patient demographics, socioenvironmental circumstances of the venipuncture, type of cardiorespiratory arrest, symptoms and signs, treatment, prognosis, and presumed cause of the arrest...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709578/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-risk-of-sudden-death-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#11
Yuichiro Minami, Shintaro Haruki, Keigo Kanbayashi, Ryosuke Itani, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
BACKGROUND: The association between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level and sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the impact of elevated BNP on sudden death risk in a cohort of patients with HCM. METHODS: This study included 346 patients with HCM. Plasma BNP levels were measured at initial evaluation. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range) BNP level in the study patients was 197...
April 27, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707106/inhibition-of-aldose-reductase-2-by-a-benzofuroxane-derivative-bf-5m-increases-the-expression-of-kcne1-kcnq1-in-high-glucose-cultured-h9c2-cardiac-cells-and-sudden-cardiac-death
#12
Maria Consiglia Trotta, Monica Salerno, Anna Lisa Brigida, Vincenzo Monda, Antonietta Messina, Carmela Fiore, Roberto Avola, Renato Bernardini, Francesco Sessa, Gabriella Marsala, Guido N Zanghì, Giovanni Messina, Michele D'Amico, Clara Di Filippo
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolonged QT interval, leading to sudden cardiac death. Hyperglycemia is an important risk factor for LQTS, inhibiting the cardiac rapid component delayed rectifier K+ current (Iks), responsible for QT interval. We previously showed that the new ALR2 inhibitor BF-5m supplies cardioprotection from QT prolongation induced by high glucose concentration in the medium, reducing QT interval prolongation and preserving morphology. Here we investigated the effects of BF-5m on cell cytotoxicity and viability in H9c2 cells, and on cellular potassium ion channels expression...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697139/increased-cardiac-stiffness-is-associated-with-autonomic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#13
Guilherme L Fialho, Peter Wolf, Roger Walz, Katia Lin
Autonomic dysfunction is linked to sudden death regardless of the presence of structural heart disease. The pathway from autonomic dysfunction to sudden death is not fully understood, but myocardial sympathetic stimulation leading to arrhythmia and/or cardiac fibrosis might play a role. Our goal was to evaluate cardiac stiffness by echocardiography and its association with clinical, structural, and autonomic variables in people with epilepsy (PWE) compared to healthy controls. A 12-lead electrocardiogram, treadmill testing, and transthoracic echocardiography from 30 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) without any known cardiovascular disorders were compared to 30 individuals without epilepsy matched by sex, age, and body mass index...
April 26, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686877/how-to-manage-various-arrhythmias-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-cardiovascular-intensive-care
#14
REVIEW
Yoshinori Kobayashi
In the clinical practice of cardiovascular critical care, we often observe a variety of arrhythmias in the patients either with (secondary) or without (idiopathic) underlying heart diseases. In this manuscript, the clinical background and management of various arrhythmias treated in the CCU/ICU will be reviewed. The mechanism and background of lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmias vary as time elapses after the onset of MI that should be carefully considered to select a most suitable therapy. In the category of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, several diseases are known to be complicated by the various ventricular tachyarrhythmias with some specific mechanisms...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686789/a-case-of-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-presenting-with-acute-anterior-wall-myocardial-infarction-in-a-young-adult-male-an-increasingly-recognized-rare-disease
#15
Mohamed Taha, Htun Latt, Jaafar Al-Khafaji, Mohamed Ali, Richard Seher
Background : Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is increasingly recognized as an important cause of myocardial infarction and sudden death. Although some correlations have been noted in relation to aetiology, no direct causes have been identified in a large number of patients. Most of the patients are women in peripartum period or of childbearing age, with few if any risk factors for coronary heart disease. In men, however, risk factors for atherosclerosis are more prevalent in cases of SCAD Case report : We report a case of a 43-years-old healthy male, with no known risk factors, who presented with ischemic chest pain and elevated troponin levels...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678335/arrhythmic-risk-stratification-in-patients-with-idiopathic-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#16
Davide Stolfo, Nicole Ceschia, Massimo Zecchin, Antonio De Luca, Marco Gobbo, Giulia Barbati, Marta Gigli, Marco Masè, Bruno Pinamonti, Alberto Pivetta, Marco Merlo, Gianfranco Sinagra
Arrhythmic risk stratification in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) remains a major concern. As the ventricles remodel in time, risk factors for arrhythmic death may change. A cohort of 710 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, without previous ventricular arrhythmias, was retrospectively studied to understand how risks vary in time. The primary end point was a composite of sudden cardiac death, ventricular fibrillation, sustained ventricular tachycardia, and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator interventions...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667458/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-ongoing-challenges-in-finding-mechanisms-and-prevention
#17
Doungporn Ruthirago, Parunyou Julayanont, Amputch Karukote, Mohamed Shehabeldin, Kenneth Nugent
Patients with epilepsy have a significantly higher risk of death than the general population. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the leading cause of sudden death among patients with epilepsy. Despite on-going research, there are still deficits in our knowledge about the mechanisms, genetic factors, and prevention of SUDEP. Current evidence suggests that cardiac arrhythmias, respiratory dysfunction, and brainstem arousal system dysfunction are the major mechanisms of SUDEP, and animal models support the role of neurotransmitters, especially serotonin and adenosine, in pathophysiology of SUDEP...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649615/fever-related-arrhythmic-events-in-the-multicenter-survey-on-arrhythmic-events-in-brugada-syndrome-sabrus
#18
Yoav Michowitz, Anat Milman, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Antoine Andorin, Jean Champagne, Pieter G Postema, Ruben Casado-Arroyo, Eran Leshem, Jimmy Jm Juang, Carla Giustetto, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Yanushi D Wijeyeratne, Christian Veltmann, Domenico Corrado, Sung-Hwan Kim, Pietro Delise, Shingo Maeda, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Frederic Sacher, Philippe Mabo, Yoshihide Takahashi, Tsukasa Kamakura, Takeshi Aiba, Giulio Conte, Aviram Hochstadt, Yuka Mizusawa, Michael Rahkovich, Elena Arbelo, Zhengrong Huang, Isabelle Denjoy, Carlo Napolitano, Ramon Brugada, Leonardo Calo, Silvia G Priori, Masahiko Takagi, Elijah R Behr, Fiorenzo Gaita, Gan-Xin Yan, Josep Brugada, Antoine Leenhardt, Arthur A M Wilde, Pedro Brugada, Kengo F Kusano, Kenzo Hirao, Gi-Byoung Nam, Vincent Probst, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: The literature on fever related arrhythmic events (AE) in Brugada syndrome (BrS) is currently limited to few case reports and small series. OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to describe the characteristics of fever-related AE in a large cohort of BrS patients. METHODS: SABRUS is a multicenter study on 678 BrS patients with first AE documented at time of aborted cardiac arrest (ACA) (n=426) or after prophylactic ICD implantation (n=252)...
April 9, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622589/genome-wide-associations-of-global-electrical-heterogeneity-ecg-phenotype-the-aric-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study-and-chs-cardiovascular-health-study
#19
Larisa G Tereshchenko, Nona Sotoodehnia, Colleen M Sitlani, Foram N Ashar, Muammar Kabir, Mary L Biggs, Michael P Morley, Jonathan W Waks, Elsayed Z Soliman, Alfred E Buxton, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Scott D Solomon, Wendy S Post, Thomas P Cappola, David S Siscovick, Dan E Arking
BACKGROUND: ECG global electrical heterogeneity (GEH) is associated with sudden cardiac death. We hypothesized that a genome-wide association study would identify genetic loci related to GEH. METHODS AND RESULTS: We tested genotyped and imputed variants in black (N=3057) and white (N=10 769) participants in the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study and CHS (Cardiovascular Health Study). GEH (QRS-T angle, sum absolute QRST integral, spatial ventricular gradient magnitude, elevation, azimuth) was measured on 12-lead ECGs...
April 5, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622001/clinical-and-molecular-genetic-risk-determinants-in-adult-long-qt-syndrome-type-1-and-2-patients-koponen-et-al-follow-up-of-adult-lqts-patients
#20
Mikael Koponen, Aki S Havulinna, Annukka Marjamaa, Annukka M Tuiskula, Veikko Salomaa, Päivi J Laitinen-Forsblom, Kirsi Piippo, Lauri Toivonen, Kimmo Kontula, Matti Viitasalo, Heikki Swan
BACKGROUND: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited cardiac disorder predisposing to sudden cardiac death (SCD). We studied factors affecting the clinical course of genetically confirmed patients, in particular those not receiving β-blocker treatment. In addition, an attempt was made to associate risk of events to specific types of KCNQ1 and KCNH2 mutations. METHODS: A follow-up study covering a mean of 18.6 ± 6.1 years was conducted in 867 genetically confirmed LQT1 and LQT2 patients and 654 non-carrier relatives aged 18-40 years...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
keyword
keyword
67874
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"