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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207739/assessment-of-palliative-care-awareness-among-undergraduate-healthcare-students
#1
Rajaragupathy Sujatha, Karthikeyan Jayagowri
Introduction: Palliative care knowledge is being given meager importance in the curriculum of medical and other allied medical sciences. It is vital that all health care practitioners including medical, pharmacy, physiotherapy and nursing are aware and apply the best principles of palliative care. Aim: To assess the awareness of palliative care among undergraduate students of medical, nursing, pharmacy and physiotherapy. Materials and Methods: The study population included total of 200 students...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187522/surgical-academic-reach-the-higher-degree-effect-quantified
#2
Chris Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Charlotte Thomas, John Pollitt, Wyn G Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Proof of professional specific academic attainment is embedded within the Joint Committee on Surgical Training 2013 general surgery curriculum, mandating that all higher general surgical trainees (HST) obtain three peer-reviewed publications to qualify for Certification of Completion of Training. Yet, Modernising Medical Careers (MMC) has been associated with a trend away from the gold standard postgraduate credentials of higher degrees by research. This study aimed to evaluate the academic achievements of a post-MMC UK Deanery HST cohort to determine what additional benefits higher degree study might confer...
November 29, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156540/the-new-old-and-old-new-medical-model-four-decades-navigating-the-biomedical-and-psychosocial-understandings-of-health-and-illness
#3
REVIEW
Albert Farre, Tim Rapley
The importance of how disease and illness are conceptualised lies in the fact that such definition is paramount to understand the boundaries and scope of responsibility associated with medical work. In this paper, we aim to provide an overview of the interplay of these understandings in shaping the nature of medical work, philosophically, and in practice. We first discuss the emergence of the biopsychosocial model as an attempt to both challenge and broaden the traditional biomedical model. Then, we outline the main criticisms associated with the biopsychosocial model and note a range of contributions addressing the shortcomings of the model as initially formulated...
November 18, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130420/-there-are-more-things-in-heaven-and-earth-how-knowledge-about-traditional-healing-affects-clinical-practice-interviews-with-conventional-health-personnel
#4
Anette Langås-Larsen, Anita Salamonsen, Agnete Egilsdatter Kristoffersen, Torunn Hamran, Bjørg Evjen, Trine Stub
People with Sami and Norwegian background are frequent users of traditional folk medicine (TM). Traditional healing, such as religious prayers of healing (reading) and the laying on of hands, are examples of commonly used modalities. The global aim of this study is to examine whether health personnel's knowledge, attitudes and experiences of traditional healing affect their clinical practice. Semi-structured individual interviews (n=32) and focus group interviews (n=2) were conducted among health personnel in two communities in Northern Norway...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121942/ethical-aspects-of-brain-computer-interfaces-a-scoping-review
#5
Sasha Burwell, Matthew Sample, Eric Racine
BACKGROUND: Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a set of technologies that are of increasing interest to researchers. BCI has been proposed as assistive technology for individuals who are non-communicative or paralyzed, such as those with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or spinal cord injury. The technology has also been suggested for enhancement and entertainment uses, and there are companies currently marketing BCI devices for those purposes (e.g., gaming) as well as health-related purposes (e...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111798/perioperative-medicine-a-new-model-of-care
#6
Lena Al-Shammari, Deborah Douglas, Geetha Gunaratnam, Chris Jones
The discipline of perioperative medicine provides a foundation for the consistent delivery of safe and good quality care to surgical patients. Its goals include the identification and optimal care of the high-risk surgical patient, fostering patient-centred decision making throughout the surgical perioperative pathway, and reducing unwarranted variation in practice. In turn, this should reduce preventable complications and improve patient satisfaction, long-term morbidity and survival. This review concludes a series of articles which have described the epidemiology of surgical disease, the growth in the objective means of risk assessment, and novel outcome measures...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110258/miriam-solomon-jeremy-r-simon-and-harold-kincaid-eds-the-routledge-companion-to-philosophy-of-medicine-new-york-and-london-routledge-2017-564%C3%A2-pp-240-00-hardback-isbn-978-1-138-84679-1
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110257/marcum-james-a-ed-the-bloomsbury-companion-to-contemporary-philosophy-of-medicine-bloomsbury-academic-london-2017-424-pp-172-00-hardback-isbn-9781474233002
#8
Mary Jean Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110256/philosophy-of-medicine-2017-reviewing-the-situation
#9
EDITORIAL
Patrick Daly
In this introduction to a special subsection of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics comprising separate reviews of the Springer Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine, and The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine, I compare the three texts with respect to their overall organization and their approach to the relation between the science and the art of medicine. I then indicate two areas that merit more explicit attention in developing a comprehensive philosophy of medicine going forward: health economics and systematic relations within the field as a whole...
November 6, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110255/thomas-schramme-and-steven-edwards-eds-handbook-of-the-philosophy-of-medicine-springer-dordrecht-2017-1144-pp-339-cloth-339-ereference-509-print%C3%A2-%C3%A2-ebook-isbn-978-94-017-8687-4
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105237/scientism-conflicts-of-interest-and-the-marginalization-of-ethics-in-medical-education
#11
Christopher Mayes, Jane Williams, Ian Kerridge, Wendy Lipworth
AIM: This paper reports on the findings from 6 focus groups conducted with Australian medical students. The focus groups sought students' perspectives on how the influence of commercial interests on medical practice and education could be managed. METHOD: We conducted 6 focus groups with medical students in New South Wales, Australia. Participants were recruited via student-run medical society and faculty e-mail lists. Forty-nine students from 6 medical schools in New South Wales participated...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072512/ibn-mandevaih-isfahani-949-983-ad-a-physician-from-isfahan-s-medical-school
#12
Mahboobeh Farkhondehzadeh, Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Mohammad Reza Sanaye, Babak Daneshfard
There have arisen a number of prominent Iranian-Islamic physicians throughout the history of the fertile medicine landscape of Iran, some of whom are not very well known. Abu Ali Ahmad ibn Abd al-Rahman Mandevaih Isfahani (949-983(?) AD) was a great medical figure with scientific activities in the Hospital of Isfahan and al-Adudi Hospital of Baghdad in the golden age of Iranian-Islamic history, culture, and civilization during the reign of the Buyid dynasty and Abbasid Caliphate. He was also a prominent physician during the reign of Adud al-Dawla Deylami (949-983 AD)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047353/precision-medicine-for-all-challenges-and-opportunities-for-a-precision-medicine-approach-to-critical-illness
#13
REVIEW
Christopher W Seymour, Hernando Gomez, Chung-Chou H Chang, Gilles Clermont, John A Kellum, Jason Kennedy, Sachin Yende, Derek C Angus
All of medicine aspires to be precise, where a greater understanding of individual data will lead to personalized treatment and improved outcomes. Prompted by specific examples in oncology, the field of critical care may be tempted to envision that complex, acute syndromes could bend to a similar reductionist philosophy-where single mutations could identify and target our critically ill patients for treatment. However, precision medicine faces many challenges in critical care. These include confusion about terminology, uncertainty about how to divide patients into discrete groups, the challenges of multi-morbidity, scale, and the need for timely interventions...
October 18, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030730/introduction-eric-davidson-and-the-molecular-biology-of-evolution-and-development
#14
EDITORIAL
Michel Morange, Ute Deichmann
Between November 30th and December 2nd, 2015, the Jacques Loeb Centre for the History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beer Sheva (Israel) held its Eighth International Workshop under the title "From Genome to Gene: Causality, Synthesis and Evolution". Eric Davidson, the founder of the concept of developmental Gene Regulatory Networks, had regularly attended the previous meetings, and his participation in this one was expected, but he suddenly passed away 3 months before...
October 13, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985725/factors-influencing-the-clinical-decision-making-of-midwives-a-qualitative-study
#15
Darie O A Daemers, Evelien B M van Limbeek, Hennie A A Wijnen, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Raymond G de Vries
BACKGROUND: Although midwives make clinical decisions that have an impact on the health and well-being of mothers and babies, little is known about how they make those decisions. Wide variation in intrapartum decisions to refer women to obstetrician-led care suggests that midwives' decisions are based on more than the evidence based medicine (EBM) model - i.e. clinical evidence, midwife's expertise, and woman's values - alone. With this study we aimed to explore the factors that influence clinical decision-making of midwives who work independently...
October 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960759/philosophical-determinants-of-obesity-as-a-disease
#16
REVIEW
D Kilov, G Kilov
Is obesity a disease? Much ink has been spilled over this debate and for good reasons. The global prevalence of obesity has more than doubled since the 1980s and is now of pandemic proportions. Whether obesity is a disease has consequences for what kind of treatments are appropriate, as well as how we ought to allocate funding and access to healthcare resources. In most cases, there is no dispute over the medical facts, yet disagreement persists. This is because whether obesity is a disease is not determined by medical facts alone; the issue is, in part, conceptual...
September 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960730/reasoning-evidence-and-clinical-decision-making-the-great-debate-moves-forward
#17
EDITORIAL
Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Kirstin Borgerson, Jonathan Fuller
When the editorial to the first philosophy thematic edition of this journal was published in 2010, critical questioning of underlying assumptions, regarding such crucial issues as clinical decision making, practical reasoning, and the nature of evidence in health care, was still derided by some prominent contributors to the literature on medical practice. Things have changed dramatically. Far from being derided or dismissed as a distraction from practical concerns, the discussion of such fundamental questions, and their implications for matters of practical import, is currently the preoccupation of some of the most influential and insightful contributors to the on-going evidence-based medicine debate...
October 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936750/person-centered-care-and-personalized-medicine-irreconcilable-opposites-or-potential-companions
#18
Leila El-Alti, Lars Sandman, Christian Munthe
In contrast to standardized guidelines, personalized medicine and person centered care are two notions that have recently developed and are aspiring for more individualized health care for each single patient. While having a similar drive toward individualized care, their sources are markedly different. While personalized medicine stems from a biomedical framework, person centered care originates from a caring perspective, and a wish for a more holistic view of patients. It is unclear to what extent these two concepts can be combined or if they conflict at fundamental or pragmatic levels...
September 21, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932930/understanding-and-resolving-conflicting-traditions-a-macintyrean-approach-to-shared-deliberation-in-medical-ethics
#19
Jessica Adkins
The position of clinical ethicist exists to help resolve conflicts in the hospital. Sometimes these conflicts arise because of fundamental cultural differences between the patient and the medical team, and such cases present special challenges. Should the ideology of modern medicine reject the wishes of those who hold ideologies from differing cultures? How can the medical ethicist help resolve such conflicts? To answer these questions, I rely on the works of Alasdair MacIntyre. Using MacIntyre's philosophy, we can better understand why traditions exist, how conflicts arise, and how opposing traditions can collaborate in shared decision making...
September 20, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922907/organ-vouchers-and-barter-markets-saving-lives-reducing-suffering-and-trading-in-human-organs
#20
Mark J Cherry
The essays in this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy explore an innovative voucher program for encouraging kidney donation. Discussions cluster around a number of central moral and political/theoretical themes: (1) What are the direct and indirect health care costs and benefits of such a voucher system in human organs? (2) Do vouchers lead to more effective and efficient organ procurement and allocation or contribute to greater inequalities and inefficiencies in the transplantation system? (3) Do vouchers contribute to the inappropriate commodification of human body parts? (4) Is there a significant moral difference between such a voucher system and a market in human organs for transplantation? This paper argues that while kidney vouchers constitute a step in the right direction, fuller utilization of market-based incentives, including, but not limited to, barter exchanges (e...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
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