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Philosophy of medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905860/a-scoping-review-on-models-of-integrative-medicine-what-is-known-from-the-existing-literature
#1
Eun Jin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeong Sang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) has been recognized and introduced into Western healthcare systems over the past two decades. Limited information on IM models is available to guide development of an optimal healthcare service. A scoping review was carried out to evaluate IM models in the extant literature, including the distinctive features of each model, to gain an understanding of the core requirements needed to develop models of IM that best meet the needs of patients. DESIGN: Directed content analysis was used to classify the IM models into systems based on coding schema developed from theoretical models and to identify the key concepts of each system...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900588/modeling-informatics-at-vertex-pharmaceuticals-incorporated-our-philosophy-for-sustained-impact
#2
Georgia McGaughey, W Patrick Walters
Molecular modelers and informaticians have the unique opportunity to integrate cross-functional data using a myriad of tools, methods and visuals to generate information. Using their drug discovery expertise, information is transformed to knowledge that impacts drug discovery. These insights are often times formulated locally and then applied more broadly, which influence the discovery of new medicines. This is particularly true in an organization where the members are exposed to projects throughout an organization, such as in the case of the global Modeling & Informatics group at Vertex Pharmaceuticals...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870346/divided-zygomatic-bone-in-primates-with-implications-of-skull-morphology-and-biomechanics
#3
Qian Wang, Paul C Dechow
Typically the zygoma is a single bone in the facial skeleton whose shape uniquely copes with loads associated with mastication. Rarely but naturally, the zygoma is divided into two or more parts by supernumerary sutures. These extra intrazygomatic sutures are located at an area of critical morphological and biomechanical importance, yet their impacts have not been studied. In this study, the morphological and possible biomechanical consequences of the divided zygoma (DZ) were investigated in primates including rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta), orangutans (Pongo abelii and P...
December 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856643/the-journal-of-medicine-and-philosophy-would-like-to-thank-the-following-guest-reviewers-for-their-help-during-the-past-year
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796511/neuromolecular-imaging-a-nanobiotechnology-for-parkinson-s-disease-advancing-pharmacotherapy-for-personalized-medicine
#5
P A Broderick, L Wenning, Y-S Li
Evaluating each patient and animal as its own control achieves personalized medicine, which honors the hippocratic philosophy, explaining that "it is far more important to know what person has the disease than what disease the person has." Similarly, individualizing molecular signaling directly from the patient's brain in real time is essential for providing prompt, patient-based treatment as dictated by the point of care. Fortunately, nanotechnology effectively treats many neurodegenerative diseases. In particular, the new medicinal frontier for the discovery of therapy for Parkinson's disease is nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785941/new-development-in-traditional-chinese-medicine-symbolism-digit-therapy-as-a-special-naturopathic-treatment
#6
Shanyu Li, Stevenson Xutian
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) grew out of traditional Chinese culture. For example, the eight-diagram symbol is composed of the Yang and the Yin. According to oriental philosophy, everything in the universe has a two-sided property, namely an image (or symbol) and a number (or digit). This paper introduces the new concept and historical background of symbolism-digit therapy (SDT), which is a natural therapy for the treatment of various kinds of diseases. SDT is of TCM heritage, which can be traced back to the ancient publications such as Yi Jing, and this heritage has been incorporated into modern development and practices...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763385/introduction-voluntarily-stopping-eating-and-drinking
#7
Thaddeus Mason Pope
This symposium includes twelve personal narratives from those who have personally participated in voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED). This issue also includes three commentaries on these narratives by experts in philosophy, palliative care, and hospice medicine. The successes, challenges, and observations described by these narrative and commentary authors will not only inform the academic debate about the legitimacy of VSED but will also inform much needed practical guidance for patients, clinicians, and family members on how they can best implement and support VSED...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742179/a-guide-to-writing-academic-portfolios-for-radiologists
#8
John V Thomas, Rupan Sanyal, Janis P O'Malley, Satinder P Singh, Desiree E Morgan, Cheri L Canon
The academic educator's portfolio is a collection of materials that document academic performance and achievements, supplementing the curriculum vitae, in order to showcase a faculty member's most significant accomplishments. A decade ago, a survey of medical schools revealed frustration in the nonuniform methods of measuring faculty's medical education productivity. A proposed solution was the use of an academic educator's portfolio. In the academic medical community, compiling an academic portfolio is always a challenge because teaching has never been confined to the traditional classroom setting and often involves active participation of the medical student, resident, or fellow in the ongoing care of the patient...
October 11, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649834/disciplinary-crossings
#9
Ilina Singh
Eighteen months ago, I left a permanent professorship in a generously interdisciplinary department of sociology and took an impermanent, lower-paying job at a university where I had to apply to something called the "Committee on Distinction" to retain the title of "Professor." Some people say, "That's what happens when Oxford calls." But it wasn't just that. It was the opportunity to engage in a groundbreaking experiment: to embed and integrate ethics within the Oxford Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639046/-the-establishment-of-medical-school-in-zagreb-in-world-war-i
#10
REVIEW
Vlatka Dugački, Krešimir Regan
World War I irrevocably changed the face of the world, including Croatia and its capital Zagreb. While between 1880 and 1910 Zagreb became a modern European city, World War I (1914-1918) was marked by new municipal regulations that overturned the everyday life of the city. Social conditions reached catastrophic proportions, especially in the later years of the war. Soldiers and refugees swarmed the city, and famine and the Spanish flu epidemic hit it hard. In such harsh social and economic circumstances Milan Rojc, head of the Theology and Education Department and three doctors from the Sisters of Mercy Hospital, namely, Theodor Wikerhauser, Miroslav Čačković pl...
November 2015: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629568/collective-enquiry-and-reflective-action-in-research-towards-a-clarification-of-the-terminology
#11
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
Moving from evidence-based medicine through knowledge translation into evidence-based practice presents many challenges. Implementation research requires collaboration of researchers and end users to adapt interventions in response to different contexts. Such research progresses iteratively in response to feedback, reflection and then action, using theory of change and interactive response to diversity. The proliferation of terminology used to describe this research genre requires development of a robust taxonomy to categorize overlapping concepts where engagement of end users in the research process is core...
September 14, 2016: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613279/making-good-choices-toward-a-theory-of-well-being-in-medicine
#12
Alicia Hall
The principle of beneficence directs healthcare practitioners to promote patients' well-being, ensuring that the patients' best interests guide treatment decisions. Because there are a number of distinct theories of well-being that could lead to different conclusions about the patient's good, a careful consideration of which account is best suited for use in the medical context is needed. While there has been some discussion of the differences between subjective and objective theories of well-being within the bioethics literature, less attention has been given to the questions of what work a theory of well-being needs to do in bioethics and which standards of success ought to be used in selecting a theory of well-being for use in medicine...
October 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610909/nursing-in-the-mercy-traditions-engaging-students-in-the-life-of-catherine-mcauley
#13
Andrea Kwasky, Catherine Corrigan
The Institute of Medicine and the American Association of Colleges of Nursing advise that professional nursing education include development of a high level of cultural competency. A 10-day learning experience to Ireland for nursing students at the University of Detroit Mercy, an independent Catholic university, sponsored by the Sisters of Mercy and the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Fathers), helped them develop a philosophy of Mercy care and build cultural competence. Learning focused on the life of Catherine McAuley, Irish culture, spirituality, social justice, reflective thinking, and a value-centered professional education...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516684/proteomics-approaches-shed-new-light-on-traditional-iranian-medicine
#14
Mina Movahhed, Zohreh Poursaleh
BACKGROUND: Until now, Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) had been extensively based on Iranian philosophy in theoretical approach in diagnosis and treatment, with doubts on academic medicine. Nevertheless, the diagnosis of temperaments, herbal standardization, and quality control had been with the obscurity of functional molecules and their action mechanisms. Proteomics is a potent board to the mechanistic investigation of ITM and has been comprehensively applied profile drug-regulated proteins...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487699/-history-of-pneumology-in-antiquity-part-2
#15
Ph Demaeyer
Nowadays, Hippocrate, "The Father of Medicine", still influences our medicine. He was famous because of the great medical corpus texts preserved in his name. Only recently, our universities have updated the famous Hippocratic Oath to avoid contradictions with our modern ethics. Hippocrate was a great clinician but a poor anatomist. Hippocratical humourism remained accurate until the age of the enlightenment (18th century). Furthermore, it is difficult to distinguish medicine from philosophy in Greek antiquity...
March 2016: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473410/bioethics-and-moral-agency-on-autonomy-and-moral-responsibility
#16
John Skalko, Mark J Cherry
Two clusters of essays in this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provide a critical gaze through which to explore central moral, phenomenological, ontological, and political concerns regarding human moral agency and personal responsibility. The first cluster challenges common assumptions in bioethics regarding the voluntariness of human actions. The second set turns the debate towards morally responsible choice within the requirements of distributive justice. The force of their collective analysis leaves us with a well-founded basis critically to approach any account of bioethics or health policy that is insufficiently attentive to the central challenges of human freedom and responsible free choice...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447654/environment-and-health-not-only-cancer
#17
EDITORIAL
Annamaria Colao, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Prisco Piscitelli
The Hippocratic tradition emphasized environmental causes of diseases and the need for harmony between the individual and the natural environment as the right philosophy to maintain a good health status. Public awareness and scientific attention concerning environmental pollution is usually focused on the consequent increased risk of developing cancer. Air pollution has been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) to cause cardiovascular and respiratroy diseases, as well as lung cancer, after acute/chronic exposure to fine particulates (PM2...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386638/-discussion-on-clinical-and-diagnosis-program-of-integrative-medicine
#18
Yi-di Zeng, Ze-biao Cao, Jia Du, Jing-jie Tao, Xiao-qing Zhou
Facing current situation of integrative medicine (IM), authors put forward that clinical and diagnosis program of IM could be carried out from clinical path, pathogenesis, treatment theory and philosophy, and so on, but with different integration degrees. Meanwhile, formulation of concrete program should be disease-targetedly set up, and adjusted from person to person, from place to place, from time to time. As for settled IM program , authors could evaluate it from whether Chinese medicine and Western medicine have formed complementary, synergistic, excitatory actions, and toxicity attenuation; whether more problems could be solved in efficacy, safety, practicability, and economy than previous single mode...
May 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346808/introduction-political-influence-on-bioethical-deliberation
#19
James M DuBois, Ana S Iltis, Susan G DuBois
Twelve personal narratives address the impact of political influence on bioethics. Three commentary articles explore these stories and suggest lessons that can be learned from them. The commentators come from backgrounds that include bioethics, medicine, educational psychology, health care management, and philosophy.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344904/blood-transfusion-and-the-body-in-early-modern-france
#20
Benjamin H Chin-Yee, Ian H Chin-Yee
This article examines medical discourse surrounding the first animal-to-human blood transfusion performed in 1667 by the French physician Jean-Baptiste Denis. During this period, new physiologies interacted with Galenic medicine in various social milieus that shaped discourse over the body. Although the practice of transfusion was based in contemporary theories of circulation, the therapeutic rationale for transfusion largely appealed to Galenic humouralism. This case reveals how social and intellectual contexts engendered an eclectic corporality, which integrated contemporary natural philosophy within a framework of medical Galenism...
2016: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
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