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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639483/assessing-narcissism-using-rorschach-based-imagery-and-behavior-validated-by-clinician-reports-studies-with-adult-patients-and-nonpatients
#1
Emanuela S Gritti, David P Marino, Margherita Lang, Gregory J Meyer
We evaluate 11 Rorschach variables with potential for assessing grandiosity and narcissism. Seven of these variables were drawn from previous literature: Omnipotence, Idealization, Reflection, Personal Knowledge Justification, Exhibitionism, Magic, and Elevated Mood States; four were developed for this research: Expanded Personal Reference, Narcissistic Devaluation, Narcissistic Deflation, and Narcissistic Denial. Using Rorschach protocols from American normative adults and Italian adult outpatients, the dimensional structure of these variables was evaluated by principal components analysis, and validity was tested by correlations with clinician ratings of narcissism on two scales from the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 that were made after at least five sessions with the primary clinician...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628966/the-inkblots-hermann-rorschach-his-iconic-test-and-the-power-of-seeing-by-damion-searls
#2
Aaron H Esman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590204/differentiation-between-schizophreniform-configurations-and-psychotic-personality-structures
#3
Julie Dauphin
The symptom overlap between primary psychotic and severe personality disorders renders timely diagnosis challenging, which often results in ambiguous treatment and poorly defined outcomes. Kernberg's (1984) structural model of personality, treating symptoms as a non-pathognomonic higher order construct, has much contributed to our understanding of the nature of some severe disorders, highlighting fundamental facets of personality function. However, the model's main focus is on borderline personality organization and thus offers an incomplete formulation of psychotic structure...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556944/queer-signs-the-women-of-the-british-projective-test-movement
#4
Katherine Hubbard
As queer history is often hidden, historians must look for "signs" that hint at queer lives and experiences. When psychologists use projective tests, the search for queer signs has historically been more literal, and this was especially true in the homophobic practices of Psychology in the mid-twentieth century. In this paper, I respond to Elizabeth Scarborough's call for more analytic history about the lesser known women in Psychology's history. By focusing on British projective research conducted by lesbian psychologist June Hopkins, I shift perspective and consider, not those who were tested (which has been historically more common), but those who did the testing, and position them as potential queer subjects...
May 30, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541717/correction-to-an-investigation-of-interrater-reliability-for-the-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-in-a-nonpatient-u-s-sample
#5
Trisha M Kivisalu, Jennifer H Lewey, Thomas W Shaffer, Merle L Canfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526662/attachment-style-and-internet-addiction-an-online-survey
#6
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott, Oliver Decker, Brigitte Sindelar
BACKGROUND: One of the clinically relevant problems of Internet use is the phenomenon of Internet addiction. Considering the fact that there is ample evidence for the relationship between attachment style and substance abuse, it stands to reason that attachment theory can also make an important contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine people's tendency toward pathological Internet usage in relation to their attachment style...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499837/information-processing-of-the-rorschach-s-traumatic-content-index-in-trauma-exposed-adults-an-event-related-potential-erp-study
#7
Gil Zukerman, Esther Ben- Itzchak, Leah Fostick, Rinat Armony-Sivan
PTSD elicits hypervigilance to trauma-related stimuli. Our novel research examined event-related potentials from Blood, Anatomy, and Morbid content derived from the Rorschach's traumatic content index (TCI). Participants included: 16 with PTSD, 24 trauma-exposed without PTSD (non-PTSD), and 16 non-traumatized Controls. P3 oddball paradigms were used with TCI-derived Distractors and neutral Targets/Standards. We predicted larger P3 amplitudes in the context of TCI-related Distractors among trauma-exposed participants...
May 10, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448159/the-centrality-of-the-response-process-in-construct-validity-an-illustration-via-the-rorschach-space-response
#8
Joni L Mihura, Nicolae Dumitrascu, Manali Roy, Gregory J Meyer
Recently, psychologists have emphasized the response process-that is, the psychological operations and behaviors that lead to test scores-when designing psychological tests, interpreting their results, and refining their validity. To illustrate the centrality of the response process in construct validity and test interpretation, we provide a historical, conceptual, and empirical review of the main uses of the background white space of the Rorschach cards, called space reversal (SR) and space integration (SI) in the Rorschach Performance Assessment System...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418719/the-incremental-validity-of-self-report-and-performance-based-methods-for-assessing-hostility-to-predict-cardiovascular-disease-in-physicians
#9
Gregory J Meyer, Nicholas J Katko, Joni L Mihura, Michael J Klag, Lucy A Meoni
We evaluated the utility of an integrative, multimethod approach for assessing hostility-related constructs to predict premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature coronary heart disease (CHD) using participants from the Johns Hopkins Precursors Study, which was designed to identify risk factors for heart disease. Participants were assessed at baseline while in medical school from 1946 to 1962 (M age = 24.6) and have been followed annually since then. Baseline assessment included individually administered Rorschach protocols (N = 416) scored for aggressive imagery (i...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375651/an-interrater-reliability-study-of-rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-raw-and-complexity-adjusted-scores
#10
Claudia Pignolo, Luciano Giromini, Agata Ando', Davide Ghirardello, Marzia Di Girolamo, Francesca Ales, Alessandro Zennaro
Recently, the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) was introduced to overcome some possible limitations of the Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2003 ) while continuing its efforts to link Rorschach inferences to their evidence base. An important, technical modification to the scoring system is that R-PAS interpretations are based on both standard scores and complexity-adjusted scores. Two previous U.S. studies reported good to excellent interrater reliability (IRR) for the great majority of R-PAS variables; however, IRR of complexity-adjusted scores has never been investigated...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236781/antipsychotic-treatment-and-the-rorschach-perceptual-thinking-index-pti-in-psychotic-disorder-patients-effects-of-treatment
#11
Mario Biagiarelli, Martina Curto, Ileana Di Pomponio, Anna Comparelli, Ross J Baldessarini, Stefano Ferracuti
The Rorschach-based Perceptual Thinking Index (PTI) is used to identify and rate features of psychotic disorders, but effects of antipsychotic treatment on such ratings is not clear. Accordingly, we examined potential effects of antipsychotic drugs on PTI measures in 114 patients with a psychotic or bipolar-I disorder. Use and doses of antipsychotic drugs (as chlorpromazine-equivalent [CPZ-eq] mg/day) were unrelated to PTI total or subscale scores in any diagnostic group. PTI scores were independently and significantly associated with psychotic symptomatic severity (PANSS score) and less with female sex...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208069/neural-activity-during-production-of-rorschach-responses-an-fmri-study
#12
Luciano Giromini, Donald J Viglione, Alessandro Zennaro, Franco Cauda
Recently, a lot of effort has been made to ground Rorschach interpretations to their evidence base. To date, however, no studies have yet described, via fMRI, what brain areas get involved when one takes the Rorschach. To fill this gap in the literature, we administered the ten-inkblot stimuli to 26 healthy volunteers during fMRI. Analysis of BOLD signals revealed that, compared to fixating a cross, looking at the Rorschach inkblots while thinking of what they might be associated with higher temporo-occipital and fronto-parietal activations, and with greater activity in some small, sub-cortical regions included in the limbic system...
February 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196082/seeing-shapes-in-seemingly-random-spatial-patterns-fractal-analysis-of-rorschach-inkblots
#13
R P Taylor, T P Martin, R D Montgomery, J H Smith, A P Micolich, C Boydston, B C Scannell, M S Fairbanks, B Spehar
Rorschach inkblots have had a striking impact on the worlds of art and science because of the remarkable variety of associations with recognizable and namable objects they induce. Originally adopted as a projective psychological tool to probe mental health, psychologists and artists have more recently interpreted the variety of induced images simply as a signature of the observers' creativity. Here we analyze the relationship between the spatial scaling parameters of the inkblot patterns and the number of induced associations, and suggest that the perceived images are induced by the fractal characteristics of the blot edges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183942/revealing-rorschach
#14
Erin McKay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120766/-complicities-and-ambivalences-of-psychiatry-m%C3%A3-nsterlingen-and-the-1954-feast-of-fools
#15
Elisabetta Basso
In March 1954, Foucault visited the psychiatric asylum of Münsterlingen (Canton Thurgau), on the Swiss side of Lake Constance. Münsterlingen was the chosen place of activity for well-known psychiatrists, including Hermann Rorschach (1910-1913), and it became famous in the history of psychiatry especially through the work of Roland Kuhn, who was active in the asylum from 1939 to 1979. Kuhn was an expert in the Rorschach psycho-diagnostic test, as well as the discoverer of the first antidepressant in the early 1950s...
January 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997227/aggressive-drive-derivatives-in-the-rorschachs-of-maltreated-children-and-adolescents-latent-structure-and-clinical-correlates
#16
David Joubert, Linda Webster
Psychological assessment can play an important role in informing the intervention process with child and adolescent victims of maltreatment. This study investigated the validity of the Rorschach in assessing aggressive drive derivatives using a profile-based approach, with a sample of 108 children and adolescents in foster care. Aggression indicators were derived from the work of Gacono and Meloy ( 1994 ). Latent class analysis yielded a 4-class model including gender and age as covariates. The first 2 classes were characterized by low prevalence rates across all indicators of aggression, and were distinguished primarily on the basis of participant's age...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928247/the-comparison-of-iranian-normative-reference-data-with-five-countries-%C3%A2-across-variables-in-eight-rorschach-comprehensive-system-cs-clusters
#17
Abufazel Hosseininasab, Mohammadreza Mohammadi, Samira Jouzi, Maryam Esmaeilinasab, Ali Delavar
Objective: This study aimed to provide a normative study documenting how 114 five-seven year-old non-‎patient Iranian children respond to the Rorschach test. We compared this especial sample to ‎international normative reference values for the Comprehensive System (CS).‎ Method: One hundred fourteen 5- 7- year-old non-patient Iranian children were recruited from public ‎schools. Using five child and adolescent samples from five countries, we compared Iranian ‎Normative Reference Data- based on reference means and standard deviations for each sample...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849362/comment-on-addressing-issues-in-the-development-and-use-of-the-composite-international-reference-values-as-rorschach-norms-for-adults-meyer-shaffer-erdberg-horn-2015
#18
Anthony D Sciara, Barry A Ritzler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767341/a-survey-of-challenges-experienced-by-new-learners-coding-the-rorschach
#19
Donald J Viglione, Gregory J Meyer, Ana Cristina Resende, Claudia Pignolo
Learning to code the imagery, communication, and behavior associated with Rorschach responding is challenging. Although there is some survey research on graduate students' impressions of their Rorschach training, research has not identified which coding decisions students find to be the most problematic and time-consuming. We surveyed students to identify what they struggled with most when learning coding and to quantify how difficult it is to learn how to code. Participants (n = 191) from the United States, Brazil, Denmark, Israel, and Italy rated 57 aspects of coding using a 4-point scale that encompassed both the time required to code and the subjective difficulty of doing so...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716539/rorschach-performance-assessment-system-r-pas-and-vulnerability-to-stress-a-preliminary-study-on-electrodermal-activity-during-stress
#20
Luciano Giromini, Agata Ando', Rosalba Morese, Adriana Salatino, Marzia Di Girolamo, Donald J Viglione, Alessandro Zennaro
This study investigated the predictive validity of the ten Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS) variables from the Stress and Distress domain, by testing whether they predicted increased sympathetic reactivity to a mild, laboratory-induced stress, occurred one week after Rorschach administration. A relatively small student sample (N=52) contributed to this research: During a first meeting (T1) participants were administered the Rorschach task according to R-PAS guidelines; about one week later (T2) their electrodermal activity (EDA) was recorded during exposure to a mild laboratory stress-inducing task...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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