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Cervical Adjustments

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456913/investigating-the-7-year-cost-effectiveness-of-single-level-cervical-disc-replacement-compared-to-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#1
Steven J McAnany, Robert K Merrill, Samuel C Overley, Jun S Kim, Robert L Brochin, Sheeraz A Qureshi
Study Design: Cost-effectiveness analysis. Objectives: To determine the 7-year cost-effectiveness of cervical disc replacement (CDR) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Methods: We analyzed 7-year Short Form-36 Health Survey data collected from the Prestige Cervical Disc investigational device exemption study (IDE). The SF-6D algorithm was used to convert this data into health state utilities. Costs were calculated from the payer perspective, and quality adjusted life years (QALYs) were used to represent effectiveness...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454382/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-prevalence-and-genotype-distribution-among-women-infected-with-hiv-in-manaus-amazonas
#2
Monique Figueiredo Teixeira, Meritxell Sabidó, André Luiz Leturiondo, Cynthia de Oliveira Ferreira, Kátia Luz Torres, Adele Schwartz Benzaken
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive women have a high prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV), and are infected with a broader range of HPV types than HIV-negative women. We aimed to determine the prevalence of cervical cytologic abnormalities, high-risk (HR)-HPV prevalence, type distribution according to the severity of cervical lesions and CD4 cell count and identify factors associated with HR-HPV infection among women living with HIV in Manaus, Amazonas. METHODS: We enrolled 325 women living with HIV that attended an infectious diseases referral hospital...
February 17, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450884/is-sonographically-measured-cervical-length-at-37-weeks-gestation-associated-with-intrapartum-cesarean-section-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Bradley de Vries, Rajit Narayan, Kevin McGeechan, Stanley Santiagu, Ramesh Vairavan, Minke Burke, Hala Phipps, Jon Hyett
Cesarean section rates continue to increase globally. Prediction of intrapartum cesarean section could lead to preventative measures. Our aim was to assess the association between sonographically measured cervical length at 37 weeks' gestation and cesarean section among women planning a vaginal birth. The population was women with a low risk pregnancy or with gestational diabetes MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. 212 women with a low risk pregnancy or with gestational diabetes were recruited including 158 nulliparous and 54 parous women...
February 16, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444997/efficacy-of-multicomponent-culturally-tailored-hiv-sti-prevention-interventions-targeting-foreign-female-entertainment-workers-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#4
Raymond B T Lim, Olive N Y Cheung, Bee Choo Tai, Mark I-C Chen, Roy K W Chan, Mee Lian Wong
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the efficacy of a multicomponent culturally tailored HIV/STI prevention intervention programme on consistent condom use and STI incidence among foreign Thai and Vietnamese female entertainment workers (FEWs) in Singapore. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-experimental pretest and post-test intervention trial with a comparison group. We recruited 220 participants (115 Vietnamese and 105 Thai) for the comparison group, followed by the intervention group (same number) from the same sites which were purposively selected after a 3-month interval period...
February 14, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444689/comprehensive-knowledge-on-cervical-cancer-attitude-towards-its-screening-and-associated-factors-among-women-aged-30-49-years-in-finote-selam-town-northwest-ethiopia
#5
Alehegn Bishaw Geremew, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Telake Azale
BACKGROUND: Screening services for cervical pre-cancerous lesions is currently available for all women aged 30-49 years at public hospitals in Ethiopia. Though women's knowledge and their attitude are determinants for the uptake the screening service, there is limited information on these regards. Therefore, this study aimed to assess comprehensive knowledge on cervical cancer, attitudes towards the screening, and associated factors among women aged 30-49 years at Finote Selam town, northwest Ethiopia...
February 14, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441700/knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-and-barriers-toward-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hiv-positive-women-attending-public-health-centers-in-addis-ababa-city-ethiopia
#6
Saba Shiferaw, Adamu Addissie, Muluken Gizaw, Selamawit Hirpa, Wondimu Ayele, Sefonias Getachewe, Eva J Kantelhardt, Mathewos Assefa, Ahmedin Jemal
Screening rate for cervical cancer among HIV-infected women and among women overall is low in Ethiopia despite the high burden of the disease and HIV infection, which increases cervical cancer risk. In this paper, we assessed knowledge about cervical cancer symptoms, prevention, early detection, and treatment and barriers to screening among HIV-positive women attending community health centers for HIV-infection management in Addis Ababa. A cross-sectional survey of 581 HIV-positive women aged 21-64 years old attending 14 randomly selected community health centers without cervical cancer screening service in Addis Ababa...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438790/cervical-spinal-fusion-16-year-trends-in-epidemiology-indications-and-in-hospital-outcomes-by-surgical-approach
#7
Stephan N Salzmann, Peter B Derman, Lukas P Lampe, Janina Kueper, Ting Jung Pan, Jingyan Yang, Jennifer Shue, Federico P Girardi, Stephen Lyman, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND: The rate of cervical spinal fusion has been increasing significantly. However, there is paucity of literature describing trends based on surgical approach using complete population databases. We investigated the approach-based trends in epidemiology, indications and in-hospital outcomes of cervical spinal fusion. METHODS: New York's Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database was queried to identify patients who underwent primary subaxial cervical fusion from 1997-2012...
February 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437305/adjustment-of-antidiabetic-treatment-regimens-on-discharge-from-the-emergency-department-effect-on-90-day-outcomes-in-patients-admitted-to-a-short-stay-unit
#8
Rafael Cuervo Pinto, Sol Hernández López, Nerea Aguirre Juaristi, David Chaparro Pardo, Juan Jorge González Armengol, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To measure cervical spine movement during removal of a motorcycle helmet by health care professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational study using biomechanical inertial sensors to detect movement in the spinal column during removal of helmets. RESULTS: Thirty-four emergency medicine specialists and nurses participated. The mean (SD) rotation was 1.14° (0.82°) to the left and 3.30° (1.69°) to the right (P<.001). Mean flexion was 9...
February 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427783/gout-drugs-use-and-risk-of-cancer-a-case-control-study
#9
Hsuan-Chia Yang, Phung Anh Alex Nguyen, Md Mohaimenul Islam, Chih-Wei Huang, Tahmina Nasrin Poly, Usman Iqbal, Yu-Chuan Jack Li
OBJECTIVE: Firm conclusion about whether short and long-term gout medications use has an impact on cancer risk remain inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between gout drugs use and risk of cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal population-based case-control study in Taiwan. Cases were identified all patients who were aged 20 years or above, and had a first time diagnosis of cancers for the period between 2001 and 2011...
February 7, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427549/linking-type-2-diabetes-and-gynecological-cancer-an-introductory-overview
#10
REVIEW
Emanuela Anastasi, Tiziana Filardi, Sara Tartaglione, Andrea Lenzi, Antonio Angeloni, Susanna Morano
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a chronic disease with a growing prevalence and a leading cause of death in many countries. Several epidemiological studies observed an association between T2D and increased risk of many types of cancer, such as gynecologic neoplasms (endometrial, cervical, ovarian and vulvar cancer). Insulin resistance, chronic inflammation and high free ovarian steroid hormones are considered the possible mechanisms behind this complex relationship. A higher risk of endometrial cancer was observed in T2D, even though this association largely attenuated after adjusting for obesity...
February 10, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419721/inter-surgeon-cost-variability-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#11
J Alex Sielatycki, Silky Chotai, Joseph Wick, Ahilan Sivaganesan, Clinton J Devin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective patient outcomes and cost data OBJECTIVE.: To analyze the contribution of surgeon-specific variability in cost and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to overall variability in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), while adjusting for patient comorbidities. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cost reduction in surgical care has received increased attention. Patient factors contributing to cost variability in ACDF have been described, however inter-surgeon cost and outcome variability has received less attention in the literature...
February 6, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417310/human-papillomavirus-genotype-and-viral-load-agreement-between-paired-first-void-urine-and-clinician-collected-cervical-samples
#12
Severien Van Keer, Wiebren A A Tjalma, Jade Pattyn, Samantha Biesmans, Zoë Pieters, Xaveer Van Ostade, Margareta Ieven, Pierre Van Damme, Alex Vorsters
The performance and acceptability of first-void urine as specimen for the detection of HPV DNA in a Belgian referral population was evaluated using an optimized sample collection and processing protocol. One hundred ten first-void urine and cervical samples were collected from 25- to 64-year-old women who were referred for colposcopy (January-November 2016). Paired samples were analyzed by the Riatol qPCR HPV genotyping assay. Acceptability data were gathered through questionnaires (NCT02714127). A higher high-risk HPV DNA prevalence was observed in first-void urine (n = 76/110) compared to cervical samples (n = 73/110), with HPV31 and HPV16/31 being most prevalent correspondingly...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417013/determinants-of-menstrual-hygiene-among-school-going-adolescent-girls-in-a-rural-area-of-west-bengal
#13
Ishita Sarkar, Madhumita Dobe, Aparajita Dasgupta, Rivu Basu, Bhaskar Shahbabu
Background: Menstrual hygiene is a neglected issue in rural India. Lack of menstrual hygiene in adolescent girls can make them susceptible to various morbidities, for example, reproductive tract infection and urinary tract infection and their long-term consequences, for example, cervical cancer, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. This study aims to find out the determinants of menstrual hygiene among the school going adolescent girls in a rural area of West Bengal. Objectives: To elicit the menstrual hygiene practices among the study population and to find out the association of poor menstrual hygiene practices with sociodemographic factors, such as age, occupation and education of the parents, housing, and presence of sanitary toilet...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412450/intrathoracic-versus-cervical-anastomosis-and-predictors-of%C3%A2-anastomotic-leakage-after-oesophagectomy-for-cancer
#14
J A H Gooszen, L Goense, S S Gisbertz, J P Ruurda, R van Hillegersberg, M I van Berge Henegouwen
BACKGROUND: Studies comparing the anastomotic leak rate in patients with an intrathoracic versus a cervical anastomosis after oesophagectomy are equivocal. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcome after oesophagectomy in patients with an intrathoracic or cervical anastomosis, and to identify predictors of anastomotic leakage in a nationwide audit. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2015, all consecutive patients who underwent oesophagectomy for cancer were identified from the Dutch Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Audit...
February 7, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412045/the-risk-of-cervical-atypia-in-oral-contraceptive-users
#15
Indira Adhikari, Tiina Eriksson, Tapio Luostarinen, Matti Lehtinen, Dan Apter
BACKGROUND: The interactions of oral contraceptive (OC) use, risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and associated cellular atypia are complex. We investigated the association between history of OC-use, and cytological or histopathological abnormalities in a cohort of non-HPV vaccinated originally 16-17-year-old women participating the PATRICIA trial for 4 years. METHODS: The total number of hepatitis A-virus (control) vaccine recipients participating in the clinical PATRICIA trial in Finland was 2399...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410299/the-impact-of-the-difference-in-o-c2-angle-in-the-development-of-dysphagia-after-occipitocervical-fusion-a-simulation-study-in-normal-volunteers-combined-with-a-case-control-study
#16
Yang Meng, Tingkui Wu, Ziyang Liu, Daguang Wen, Xin Rong, Hua Chen, Jigang Lou, Hao Liu
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Dysphagia has been recognized as one of the most serious complications after occipitocervical fusion (OCF) and the difference between postoperative and preoperative O-C2 angle (dO-C2A) was proposed to be an indicator in predicting and preventing dysphagia. Therefore, in order to prevent postoperative dysphagia, previous studies recommend surgeons should correct the O-C2 angle (O-C2A) during surgery if the occipitocervical alignment was in an excessively flexed position...
February 1, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405797/new-immobilization-guidelines-change-ems-critical-thinking-in-older-adults-with-spine-trauma
#17
Linda Underbrink, Alice Twink Dalton, Jan Leonard, Pamela W Bourg, Abigail Blackmore, Holly Valverde, Thomas Candlin, Lisa M Caputo, Christopher Duran, Sherrie Peckham, Jeff Beckman, Brandon Daruna, Krista Furie, Debra Hopgood
OBJECTIVE: The impact of immobilization techniques on older adult trauma patients with spinal injury has rarely been studied. Our advisory group implemented a change in the immobilization protocol used by emergency medical services (EMS) professionals across a region encompassing 9 trauma centers and 24 EMS agencies in a Rocky Mountain state using a decentralized process on July 1, 2014. We sought to determine whether implementing the protocol would alter immobilization methods and affect patient outcomes among adults ≥60 years with a cervical spine injury...
February 6, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405083/cervical-cancer-does-the-morphological-subtype-affect-survival-rates
#18
Marta Emmett, Carolynn Gildea, Andrew Nordin, Lynn Hirschowitz, Jason Poole
A retrospective population-based observational study using cancer registration data of women diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer between 2006 and 2010, in England, was carried out to explore how different morphological subtypes affect survival rates. Age-standardised net survival rates by morphological subtype are presented alongside with excess mortality modelling accounting for the impact of demographic, diagnostic and tumour factors. The three main morphological subtypes (squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma) have similar one-year net survival rates of approximately 85%...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404843/perceived-stress-and-its-associated-demographic-clinical-characteristics-and-positive-expectations-among-chinese-cervical-kidney-and-bladder-cancer-patients
#19
Yi-Long Yang, Meng-Yao Li, Li Liu, Lie Wang
PURPOSE: Positive expectations about personal abilities and future outcomes are important in shaping human behavior and emotion, which may influence the psychological adjustment in cancer patients. We aimed to assess two basic kinds of perceived stress in Chinese cancer patients and to investigate their associations with demographic-clinical characteristics and positive expectations. METHODS: A multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in consecutive cervical, kidney, and bladder cancer inpatients from three general hospitals in Liaoning province from February 2013 to August 2014...
February 5, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400016/impact-of-institutional-accreditation-by-the-japan-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-on-the-treatment-and-survival-of-women-with-cervical-cancer
#20
Mikio Mikami, Masako Shida, Takeo Shibata, Hidetaka Katabuchi, Junzo Kigawa, Daisuke Aoki, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: The Japan Society of Gynecologic Oncology (JSGO) initiated a nation-wide training system for the education and certification for gynecologic oncologists in 2005. To assess the impact of the quality of the JSGO-accredited institutions, JSGO undertook an analysis of the Uterine Cervical Cancer Registry of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology (JSOG) to determine the effectiveness of the JSGO-accredited institutions on the treatment and survival of women with cervical cancer...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
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