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Cervical Adjustments

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716685/the-use-of-alfaxalone-for-premedication-induction-and-maintenance-of-anaesthesia-in-pigs-a-pilot-study
#1
Sarah E Bigby, Jennifer E Carter, Sébastien Bauquier, Thierry Beths
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of alfaxalone as a premedication agent and intravenous anaesthetic in pigs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Nine healthy, 6-8-week-old female Landrace pigs weighing 22.2 ± 1.0 kg, undergoing epidural catheter placement. METHODS: All pigs were premedicated with 4 mg kg(-1) alfaxalone, 40 μg kg(-1) medetomidine and 0.4 mg kg(-1) butorphanol administered in the cervical musculature...
March 21, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706406/health-related-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-breast-cancer-screening
#2
Joke Schoofs, Katrien Krijger, Jan Vandevoorde, Dirk Devroey
INTRODUCTION: In Belgium, an effective preventive program for breast cancer exists but as in many countries to few women participates in the screening. This study aims to describe the factors that affect the participation in the national breast cancer screening program. METHODS: The participants were aged between 50 and 69 years and were recruited during an exhibition at the Brussels Exhibition Centre. Medical history and health-related parameters of the participants were recorded...
April 2017: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704326/single-marital-status-and-infectious-mortality-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-in-the-united-states
#3
Hiroko Machida, Sarah E Eckhardt, Castaneda Antonio, Erin A Blake, Huyen Q Pham, Lynda D Roman, Koji Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: Unmarried status including single marital status is associated with increased mortality in women bearing malignancy. Infectious disease weights a significant proportion of mortality in patients with malignancy. Here, we examined an association of single marital status and infectious mortality in cervical cancer. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study examining 86,555 women with invasive cervical cancer identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program between 1973 and 2013...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702925/utilization-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hispanic-immigrant-women-in-coastal-south-carolina
#4
John S Luque, Yelena N Tarasenko, Hong Li, Caroline B Davila, Rachel N Knight, Rosa E Alcantar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine prevalence and correlates of cervical cancer screening utilization and adherence among a growing population of Hispanic immigrant women in coastal South Carolina. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 196 women to assess recency of screening and hypothesized study predictors (health status, beliefs, self-efficacy, having a regular provider, barriers to screening, and trust in providers). Multiple ordinal logistic regressions identified final covariates which would predict recency of screening...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702501/patterns-of-cervical-cancer-care-in-argentina-applying-asco-recommendations-adjusted-by-local-resources
#5
REVIEW
Agustín Apás Pérez De Nucci, Lucas Minig, Myriam Perrotta
There are significant differences in cervical cancer incidence and mortality between low-middle and high-income countries. The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) resource-stratified clinical practice guideline was designed to provide an appropriate cervical cancer treatment based on the best available evidence in scenarios with different diagnostic and therapeutic resources. Argentina, a Latin American high middle income country, shows however, that cervical cancer rates are similar to those of low-income countries...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697106/readmission-after-gynecologic-surgery-a-comparison-of-procedures-for-benign-and-malignant-indications
#6
Lori Cory, Nawar Latif, Colleen Brensinger, Xiaochen Zhang, Robert L Giuntoli, Robert A Burger, Mark Morgan, Emily Ko
OBJECTIVE: To compare 30-day postsurgical readmission rates and associated risk factors for readmission among women undergoing gynecologic surgery for benign and malignant conditions. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we identified patients after surgery for benign and malignant gynecologic conditions in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2012. Data collected included surgical factors, perioperative characteristics, surgical complications, and 30-day readmissions...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697092/outpatient-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-is-associated-with-fewer-short-term-complications-in-one-and-two-level-cases-a-propensity-adjusted-analysis
#7
Michael C Fu, Jordan A Gruskay, Andre M Samuel, Evan D Sheha, Peter B Derman, Sravisht Iyer, Jonathan N Grauer, Todd J Albert
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. OBJECTIVE: To determine the postoperative morbidity of one- and two-level outpatient anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) relative to inpatient cases, and risk factors for postdischarge complications. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is increasingly performed as an outpatient procedure, with evidence demonstrating outpatient one-level ACDF to be associated with fewer postoperative complications than inpatients...
July 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695641/favorable-factors-for-preserving-bladder-function-after-nerve-sparing-radical-hysterectomy-a-protocol-based-validation-study
#8
Hee Seung Kim, Miseon Kim, Yanlin Luo, Maria Lee, Yong Sang Song
OBJECTIVES: To investigate favorable factors of nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) for preserving the pelvic autonomic nerves and subsequent bladder function and to compare the safety between NSRH and conventional radical hysterectomy (CRH) for cervical cancer. METHODS: We recruited 87 consecutive patients with IB1-IIA cervical cancer who underwent NSRH, and reviewed the information of 81 patients who received CRH for historical comparisons. One gynaecologic oncologist performed all operations...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694212/role-of-rs13117307-single-nuclear-polymorphism-in-the-risk-of-uterine-cervical-cancer-from-polish-population-and-its-impact-on-exocyst-complex-component-1-expression
#9
Sebastian Łaźniak, Andrzej Roszak, Adam Balcerek, Żaneta Wareńczak-Florczk, Edyta Prokop, Anna Sowińska, Emianka Sotiri, Alexander Tsibulski, Stefan Sajdak, Pawel P Jagodziński
We evaluated the role of NM_001024924.1:c.1330+1646C>T (rs13117307) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), situated in the intronic region of exocyst complex component 1 (EXCO1), in the development and spreading of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Utilizing high resolution melting curve analysis, we analyzed this polymorphism in patients with cervical SCC (n=485) and controls (n=509) in the Polish Caucasian population. Logistic regression analysis was used to adjust for age, parity, oral contraceptive use, tobacco smoking, and menopausal status...
July 7, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691334/the-health-and-economic-impact-of-scaling-cervical-cancer-prevention-in-50-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries
#10
Nicole G Campos, Monisha Sharma, Andrew Clark, Kyueun Lee, Fangli Geng, Catherine Regan, Jane Kim, Stephen Resch
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the health impact, financial costs, and cost-effectiveness of scaling-up coverage of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination (young girls) and cervical cancer screening (women of screening age) for women in countries that will likely need donor assistance. METHODS: We used a model-based approach to synthesize population, demographic, and epidemiological data from 50 low- and lower-middle-income countries. Models were used to project the costs (US $), lifetime health impact (cervical cancer cases, deaths averted), and cost-effectiveness (US $ per disability adjusted life year [DALY] averted) of: (1) two-dose HPV-16/18 vaccination of girls aged 10 years; (2) once-in-a-lifetime screening, with treatment when needed, of women aged 35 years with either HPV DNA testing or visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA); and (3) cervical cancer treatment over a 10-year roll-out...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683054/invasive-cancer-incidence-2004-2013-and-deaths-2006-2015-in-nonmetropolitan-and-metropolitan-counties-united-states
#11
S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Cheryll C Thomas, Greta M Massetti, Brandy Peaker, Lisa C Richardson
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Previous reports have shown that persons living in nonmetropolitan (rural or urban) areas in the United States have higher death rates from all cancers combined than persons living in metropolitan areas. Disparities might vary by cancer type and between occurrence and death from the disease. This report provides a comprehensive assessment of cancer incidence and deaths by cancer type in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan counties. REPORTING PERIOD: 2004-2015...
July 7, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673826/the-five-year-cost-effectiveness-of-two-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-or-cervical-disc-replacement-a-markov-analysis
#12
Samuel C Overley, Steven J McAnany, Robert L Brochin, Jun S Kim, Robert K Merrill, Sheeraz A Qureshi
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical disc replacement (CDR) are both acceptable surgical options for the treatment of cervical myelopathy and/or radiculopathy. To date, there are limited economic analyses assessing the relative cost-effectiveness of two-level ACDF versus CDR. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the five-year cost-effectiveness of two-level ACDF versus CDR. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data...
June 30, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673809/intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-with-cervicocephalic-dolichoarteriopathy
#13
Rahsan Gocmen, Ethem Murat Arsava, Kader Karli Oguz, Mehmet Akif Topcuoglu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cervicocephalic dolichoarteriopathy is not rare in patients with acute stroke. Results of intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment have not been documented in this specific population. METHODS: One hundred (58 females, age: 69 ± 13 years) consecutive patients treated with IV tPA for acute anterior circulation stroke were analyzed. Smoker's criteria were used to score basilar artery dolichoarteriopathy and combined criteria of Weibel-Fields and Metz for cervical carotid artery dolichoarteriopathy...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667278/anterior-cervical-spondylosis-surgical-interventions-are-associated-with-improved-lordosis-and-neurological-outcomes-at-latest-follow-up-a-meta-analysis
#14
Zengdong Meng, Jing Yu, Chong Luo, Xia Liu, Wei Jiang, Lehua Yu, Rongzhong Huang
Aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cervical spondylosis surgery on cervical lordosis and to identify factors affecting the change by latest follow-up. Literature search was carried out in electronic databases and study selection followed a priori eligibility criteria. Random effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate effect size/s of change in lordosis after surgery (at latest follow-up) and metaregression analyses were performed to identify factors affecting this change. Nineteen studies (1845 patients; age 55...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662991/inpatient-and-90-day-post-discharge-outcomes-in-elective-medicare-spine-fusion-surgery
#15
Donald E Fry, Susan M Nedza, Michael Pine, Agnes M Reband, Chun-Jung Huang, Gregory Pine
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Elective spine surgery is a commonly performed operative procedure. It is expected that this operation will come under increased scrutiny because of the frequency and costs of the procedure in an era of alternative payment models. Providers will need to know the risk-adjusted results of spine surgery to improve patient outcomes and reduce excess costs. PURPOSE: To develop risk-adjusted models to predict the adverse outcomes(AOs) of care during the inpatient and 90-day post-discharge period for spine fusion surgery...
June 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660372/a-finite-element-study-of-traditional-chinese-cervical-manipulation
#16
Zhen Deng, Kuan Wang, Huihao Wang, Tianying Lan, Hongsheng Zhan, Wenxin Niu
PURPOSE: Traditional Chinese cervical manipulation (TCCM) has been claimed as an effective treatment for diseases of the cervical spine, but its biomechanical effects on the vertebral body and intervertebral discs remain unclear. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a detailed finite element model of cervical spine, which was then used to investigate the biomechanical response of the cervical spine to TCCM. METHODS: The model of a C2-T1 cervical spine was constructed based on CT images of a healthy male volunteer and validated against published in vitro studies under different loading conditions...
June 28, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660104/use-of-bivector-traction-for-stabilization-of-the-head-and-maintenance-of-optimal-cervical-alignment-in-posterior-cervical-fusions
#17
Isaac O Karikari, David B Bumpass, Jeffrey Gum, Patrick Sugrue, Todd M Chapman, Aladine A Elsamadicy, K Daniel Riew
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of consecutive case series. OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel method of stabilizing the cranium using bivector traction in posterior cervical fusions. METHODS: A retrospective review of 50 consecutive patients undergoing instrumented posterior cervical arthrodesis was performed. All patients had at least 3 levels of subaxial fusion using the bivector traction apparatus. Patients' demographic data was recorded for the following: pre- and postoperative cervical lordosis, pre- and postoperative cervical sagittal vertical alignment (cSVA), and intraoperative complications from pin placements...
May 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658899/correlation-between-maxillary-canine-calcification-and-skeletal-maturation
#18
Sushil Kumar, Abhishek Singha Roy, Ankit Garg, Saeed Bin Hamid, Sumit Tyagi, Atish Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Skeletal maturation assessment has a great role in many health professions especially in Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Functional appliances have proved to be more effective when used at the peak of mandibular growth, rather than before. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the calcification stages of permanent maxillary canine are useful to assess skeletal maturity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, samples were derived from panoramic radiographs and lateral cephalograms of 300 subjects (137 males and 163 females) with their age ranging from 9 to 18 years...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658376/magnitude-and-variation-of-the-burden-of-cancer-mortality-in-brazil-and-federation-units-1990-and-2015
#19
Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira, Camila Soares Lima Corrêa, Daisy Maria Xavier de Abreu, Maria Paula Curado, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Renato Teixeira, Elisabeth Barboza França, Deborah Carvalho Malta
Objective: To analyze the mortality rates from malignant neoplasia in Brazil and Federal Units (FU) in the years 1990 and 2015, according to sex and main types of cancer. Methods: Using estimates of global disease burden for Brazil made by the GBD 2015 study, age-adjusted cancer mortality rates and respective 95% uncertainty intervals were calculated for Brazil and FU in 1990 and 2015, as well as their percentage variation in the period. The main causes of cancer mortality by sex were analyzed, considering the five highest rates in the country and for each state...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658124/diagnosis-and-management-of-head-and-neck-cancers-in-a-high-incidence-area-in-france-a-population-based-study
#20
Anne-Valerie N Guizard, Olivier J Dejardin, Ludivine C Launay, Simona Bara, Bénédicte M Lapôtre-Ledoux, Emmanuel B Babin, Guy D Launoy, Karine A Ligier
Head and neck cancers have a very poor prognosis and are common in France. They are subject to various recommendations for early detection and management, but there is no detailed data in the French general population to fuel the public health debate on it.A high-resolution population-based study about cancer management was conducted, using cancers registries in the north-west of France, on 1729 tumors diagnosed between 2008 and 2010.The tumors were diagnosed late (70.3% stage III-IV), mainly after the onset of symptoms (93...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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