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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646629/mechanisms-of-inhibitory-effects-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-photosynthetic-primary-processes-in-pea-leaves-and-thylakoid-preparations
#1
V D Kreslavski, M Brestic, S K Zharmukhamedov, V Yu Luybimov, A V Lankin, A Jajoo, S I Allakhverdiev
Inhibitory effects of Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on plants is studied in pea leaves in order to elucidate the mechanisms of action of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) such as naphthalene (Naph) and phenanthrene (Phen) on activity of photosystem 2 (PS-2). The changes in different Chl fluorescence parameters were calculated on the basis of Chl fluorescence induction curves. Hydrogen peroxide content was measured in leaf homogenates by luminol-dependent chemiluminescence method. We demonstrated that due to PAH treatment, the total energy dissipation (DI0 /ABS) and amount of QB -non-reducing complexes of PS-2 significantly increased...
June 24, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646418/in-vivo-nmr-as-a-tool-for-probing-molecular-structure-and-dynamics-in-intact-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-cells
#2
Fatemeh Azadi-Chegeni, Christo Schiphorst, Anjali Pandit
We report the application of NMR dynamic spectral editing for probing the structure and dynamics of molecular constituents in fresh, intact cells and in freshly prepared thylakoid membranes of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Cr.) green algae. For isotope labeling, wild-type Cr. cells were grown on (13)C acetate-enriched minimal medium. 1D (13)C J-coupling based and dipolar-based MAS NMR spectra were applied to distinguish (13)C resonances of different molecular components. 1D spectra were recorded over a physiological temperature range, and whole-cell spectra were compared to those taken from thylakoid membranes, evaluating their composition and dynamics...
June 23, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645570/quantitative-proteomics-analysis-by-itraq-revealed-underlying-changes-in-thermotolerance-of-arthrospira-platensis
#3
Rong Chang, Bingxin Lv, Bosheng Li
Growth temperature is a critical factor that affects cultivation of Arthrospira platensis which is a type of cyanobacterium widely known as Spirulina that has significant commercial value. To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the thermotolerance of Spirulina, differential protein expression profiling was carried out using iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis. This study only analyzed changes in thylakoids. Among the 2085 proteins quantified, 43 differentially expressed proteins were selected based on the fold change cutoff scores of ≥2 or ≤0...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637830/a-light-harvesting-complex-like-protein-in-maintenance-of-photosynthetic-components-in-chlamydomonas
#4
Lei Zhao, Dongmei Cheng, Xiahe Huang, Mei Chen, Luca Dall'Osto, Jiale Xing, Liyan Gao, Lingyu Li, Yale Wang, Roberto Bassi, Lianwei Peng, Yingchun Wang, Jean-David Rochaix, Fang Huang
Using a genetic approach we have identified and characterized a novel protein, named Msf1 (Maintenance Factor for PSI), which is required for the maintenance of specific components of the photosynthetic apparatus in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Msf1 belongs to the superfamily of light-harvesting complex (LHC) proteins with three trans-membrane domains and consensus chlorophyll binding sites. Loss of Msf1 leads to reduced accumulation of PSI and chlorophyll-binding proteins/complexes. Msf1 is a component of a thylakoid complex containing key enzymes of the tetrapyrrole biosynthetic pathway thus revealing a possible link between Msf1 and chlorophyll biosynthesis...
June 21, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636143/tetratricopeptide-repeat-protein-pyg7-is-essential-for-photosystem-i-assembly-by-interacting-with-psac-in-arabidopsis
#5
Huixia Yang, Pin Li, Aihong Zhang, Xiaogang Wen, Lixin Zhang, Congming Lu
Although progress has been made in determining the structure and understanding the function of photosystem I (PSI), the PSI assembly process remains poorly understood. PsaC is an essential subunit of PSI and participates in the transfer of electrons to ferredoxin. However, how PsaC is assembled during accumulation of the PSI complex is unknown. In the present study, we showed that Pyg7 localized to the stromal thylakoid and associated with the PSI complex. We also showed that Pyg7 interacted with PsaC. Furthermore, we found that the PSI assembly process was blocked following formation of the PsaAB heterodimer in the pyg7 mutant...
June 21, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633304/molecular-aspects-of-the-biophysical-co2-concentrating-mechanism-and-its-regulation-in-marine-diatoms
#6
Yoshinori Tsuji, Kensuke Nakajima, Yusuke Matsuda
Diatoms operate a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) that drives upwards of 20% of annual global primary production. Recent progress in CCM research in the marine pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum revealed that this diatom directly takes up HCO3- from seawater through low-CO2-inducible plasma membrane HCO3- transporters, which belong to the solute carrier (SLC) 4 family. Apart from this, studies of carbonic anhydrases (CAs) in diatoms have revealed considerable diversity in classes and localization among species...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631733/plastid-thylakoid-architecture-optimizes-photosynthesis-in-diatoms
#7
Serena Flori, Pierre-Henri Jouneau, Benjamin Bailleul, Benoit Gallet, Leandro F Estrozi, Christine Moriscot, Olivier Bastien, Simona Eicke, Alexander Schober, Carolina Río Bártulos, Eric Maréchal, Peter G Kroth, Dimitris Petroutsos, Samuel Zeeman, Cécile Breyton, Guy Schoehn, Denis Falconet, Giovanni Finazzi
Photosynthesis is a unique process that allows independent colonization of the land by plants and of the oceans by phytoplankton. Although the photosynthesis process is well understood in plants, we are still unlocking the mechanisms evolved by phytoplankton to achieve extremely efficient photosynthesis. Here, we combine biochemical, structural and in vivo physiological studies to unravel the structure of the plastid in diatoms, prominent marine eukaryotes. Biochemical and immunolocalization analyses reveal segregation of photosynthetic complexes in the loosely stacked thylakoid membranes typical of diatoms...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629321/the-biocontrol-agent-pseudomonas-chlororaphis-pa23-primes-brassica-napus-defenses-through-distinct-gene-networks
#8
Kelly A Duke, Michael G Becker, Ian J Girard, Jenna L Millar, W G Dilantha Fernando, Mark F Belmonte, Teresa R de Kievit
BACKGROUND: The biological control agent Pseudomonas chlororaphis PA23 is capable of protecting Brassica napus (canola) from the necrotrophic fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum via direct antagonism. While we have elucidated bacterial genes and gene products responsible biocontrol, little is known about how the host plant responds to bacterial priming on the leaf surface, including global changes in gene activity in the presence and absence of S. sclerotiorum. RESULTS: Application of PA23 to the aerial surfaces of canola plants reduced the number of S...
June 19, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627163/molecular-structures-and-functions-of-chlorophylls-a-esterified-with-geranylgeranyl-dihydrogeranylgeranyl-and-tetrahydrogeranylgeranyl-groups-at-the-17-propionate-residue-in-a-diatom-chaetoceros-calcitrans
#9
Tadashi Mizoguchi, Megumi Isaji, Nami Yamano, Jiro Harada, Ritsuko Fujii, Hitoshi Tamiaki
The 17-propionate ester group of chlorophyll(Chl)-a in some oxygenic phototrophs was investigated using HPLC. Chls-a esterified with partially dehydrogenated forms of a phytyl group were found in fully grown cells of a diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans: geranylgeranyl (GG), dihydrogeranylgeranyl (DHGG), and tetrahydrogeranylgeranyl (THGG). Chls-a bearing such esterifying groups were reported to be found only in greening processes of higher plants, and thus these Chls-a have been thought to be biosynthetic precursors for phytylated Chl-a...
June 19, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608391/the-chloroplast-localized-small-heat-shock-protein-hsp21-associates-with-the-thylakoid-membranes-in-heat-stressed-plants
#10
Katja Bernfur, Gudrun Rutsdottir, Cecilia Emanuelsson
The small heat shock protein (sHsp) chaperones are crucial for cell survival and can prevent aggregation of client proteins that partially unfold under destabilizing conditions. Most investigations on the chaperone activity sHsps are based on a limited set of thermosensitive model substrate client proteins since the endogenous targets are often not known. There is a high diversity among sHsps, with a single conserved β-sandwich fold domain defining the family, the α-crystallin domain, whereas the N-terminal and C-terminal regions are highly variable in length and sequence among various sHsps and conserved only within orthologues...
June 12, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607067/a-recruiting-protein-of-geranylgeranyl-diphosphate-synthase-controls-metabolic-flux-toward-chlorophyll-biosynthesis-in-rice
#11
Fei Zhou, Cheng-Yuan Wang, Michael Gutensohn, Ling Jiang, Peng Zhang, Dabing Zhang, Natalia Dudareva, Shan Lu
In plants, geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP) is produced by plastidic GGPP synthase (GGPPS) and serves as a precursor for vital metabolic branches, including chlorophyll, carotenoid, and gibberellin biosynthesis. However, molecular mechanisms regulating GGPP allocation among these biosynthetic pathways localized in the same subcellular compartment are largely unknown. We found that rice contains only one functionally active GGPPS, OsGGPPS1, in chloroplasts. A functionally active homodimeric enzyme composed of two OsGGPPS1 subunits is located in the stroma...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603983/food-components-in-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention
#12
Wolfgang Langhans
The current obesity epidemic with its deleterious effects on public health, and the increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases in our aging society have dramatically increased public awareness of nutrition-related health issues. Food components such as fat, sugar, flavors and spices are major determinants of the hedonic value of food, and the constant and almost ubiquitous availability of good-tasting food in our affluent societies promotes overeating and weight gain. On the other hand, several food components, including flavoring compounds and the active ingredients of many plants including spices and herbs (e...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600559/transcriptome-of-pterospermum-kingtungense-provides-implications-on-the-mechanism-underlying-its-rapid-vegetative-growth-and-limestone-adaption
#13
Yandong Ren, Yanan Zhu, Qi Wang, Hui Xiang, Boyi Wang
Pterospermum kingtungense C.Y.Wu ex Hsue is a typical tree species living in the relatively adverse limestone habitat. Due to its excellent wood quality and big size, it is an important timber resource which caused its endangered. We firstly provide the data resources by reporting an annotated transcriptome assembly. 203 million unique Illumina RNA-seq reads were produced with totally 50,333 transcripts, among which 48,778 transcripts were annotated. By a global comparison of homology between P. kingtungense and cacao, we identified 9,507 single copy orthologues and 990 P...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593495/association-of-ferredoxin-nadp-oxidoreductase-with-the-photosynthetic-apparatus-modulates-electron-transfer-in-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii
#14
Laura Mosebach, Claudia Heilmann, Risa Mutoh, Philipp Gäbelein, Janina Steinbeck, Thomas Happe, Takahisa Ikegami, Guy Hanke, Genji Kurisu, Michael Hippler
Ferredoxins (FDX) and the FDX:NADP(+) oxidoreductase (FNR) represent a key junction of electron transport downstream of photosystem I (PSI). Dynamic recruitment of FNR to the thylakoid membrane has been considered as a potential mechanism to define the fate of photosynthetically derived electrons. In this study, we investigated the functional importance of the association of FNR with the photosynthetic apparatus in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. In vitro assays based on NADP(+) photoreduction measurements as well as NMR chemical shift perturbation analyses showed that FNR preferentially interacts with FDX1 compared to FDX2...
June 7, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576442/comparative-study-of-thylakoid-membranes-in-terminal-heterocysts-and-vegetative-cells-from-two-cyanobacteria-rivularia-m-261-and-anabaena-variabilis-by-fluorescence-and-absorption-spectral-microscopy
#15
Shuho Nozue, Mitsunori Katayama, Masahide Terazima, Shigeichi Kumazaki
Heterocyst is a nitrogen-fixing cell differentiated from a cell for oxygen-evolving photosynthesis (vegetative cell) in some filamentous cyanobacteria when fixed nitrogen (e.g., ammonia and nitrate) is limited. Heterocysts appear at multiple separated positions in a single filament with an interval of 10-20 cells in some genera (including Anabaena variabilis). In other genera, a single heterocyst appears only at the basal terminal in a filament (including Rivularia M-261). Such morphological diversity may necessitate different properties of heterocysts...
May 30, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572458/the-dnaj-like-zinc-finger-protein-hcf222-is-required-for-thylakoid-membrane-biogenesis
#16
Stephanie Hartings, Susanne Paradies, Bianca Karnuth, Sabrina Eisfeld, Jasmin Mehsing, Christian Wolff, Tatjana Levey, Peter Westhoff, Karin Meierhoff
To understand the biogenesis of the thylakoid membrane in higher plants and to identify auxiliary proteins required to build up this highly complex membrane system, we have characterized the allelic nuclear mutants high chlorophyll fluorescence (hcf) 222-1 and 222-2 and isolated the causal gene by map based cloning. In the ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) induced mutant hcf222-1 the accumulation of the cytochrome b6f (Cytb6f) complex was reduced to 30% compared to the wild type. Other thylakoid membrane complexes accumulated to normal levels...
June 1, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559589/tuning-the-photoexcitation-response-of-cyanobacterial-photosystem-i-via-reconstitution-into-proteoliposomes
#17
Hanieh Niroomand, Dibyendu Mukherjee, Bamin Khomami
The role of natural thylakoid membrane housing of Photosystem I (PSI), the transmembrane photosynthetic protein, in its robust photoactivated charge separation with near unity quantum efficiency is not fundamentally understood. To this end, incorporation of suitable protein scaffolds for PSI incorporation is of great scientific and device manufacturing interest. Areas of interest include solid state bioelectronics, and photoelectrochemical devices that require bio-abio interfaces that do not compromise the photoactivity and photostability of PSI...
May 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559282/the-higher-plant-plastid-nad-p-h-dehydrogenase-like-complex-ndh-is-a-high-efficiency-proton-pump-that-increases-atp-production-by-cyclic-electron-flow
#18
Deserah D Strand, Nicholas Fisher, David M Kramer
Cyclic electron flow around photosystem I (CEF) is critical for balancing the photosynthetic energy budget of the chloroplast, by generating ATP without net production of NADPH. We demonstrate that the chloroplast NADPH dehydrogenase complex (NDH), a homolog to respiratory Complex I, pumps approximately two protons from the chloroplast stroma to the lumen per electron transferred from ferredoxin to plastoquinone, effectively increasing the efficiency of ATP production via CEF by two-fold compared to CEF pathways involving non-proton-pumping plastoquinone reductases...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538145/nmr-analysis-of-amide-hydrogen-exchange-rates-in-a-pentapeptide-repeat-protein-from-a-%C3%A2-thaliana
#19
Shenyuan Xu, Shuisong Ni, Michael A Kennedy
At2g44920 from Arabidopsis thaliana is a pentapeptide-repeat protein (PRP) composed of 25 repeats capped by N- and C-terminal α-helices. PRP structures are dominated by four-sided right-handed β-helices typically consisting of mixtures of type II and type IV β-turns. PRPs adopt repeated five-residue (Rfr) folds with an Rfr consensus sequence (STAV)(D/N)(L/F)(S/T/R)(X). Unlike other PRPs, At2g44920 consists exclusively of type II β-turns. At2g44920 is predicted to be located in the thylakoid lumen although its biochemical function remains unknown...
May 23, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534654/functions-and-substrates-of-plastoglobule-localized-metallopeptidase-pgm48
#20
Nazmul H Bhuiyan, Klaas J van Wijk
Plastoglobules (PGs) in chloroplasts are monolayer lipid-protein particles attached to thylakoids. The size and number of PGs per chloroplast respond dynamically to abiotic environmental stresses and developmental transitions. During senescence, the thylakoid membranes and its constituents are dismantled in controlled fashion. Leaf senescence coincides with a dramatic increase in the size of PGs, which is consistent with a functional role of PG in remobilization of thylakoid membrane components. In a recent publication (1) , we showed that PG-localized metallopeptidase PGM48 promotes natural senescence...
May 23, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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