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digestive tract bleeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110990/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-as-a-bridge-to-non-hepatic-surgery-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-severe-portal-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Eylon Lahat, Chetana Lim, Prashant Bhangui, Liliana Fuentes, Michael Osseis, Toufic Moussallem, Chady Salloum, Daniel Azoulay
BACKGROUND: Portal hypertension (PHTN) increases the risk of non-hepatic surgery in cirrhotic patients. This first systematic review analyzes the place of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in preparation for non-hepatic surgery in such patients. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched from 1990 to 2017 to identify reports on outcomes of non-hepatic surgery in cirrhotic patients with PHTN prepared by TIPS. Feasibility of TIPS and the planned surgery, and the short- and long-term outcomes of the latter were assessed...
October 27, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109349/-a-case-of-an-elderly-patient-with-inverted-meckel-s-diverticulum-with-small-intestinal-bleeding-detected-using-capsule-and-double-balloon-endoscopies
#2
Takashi Ibuka, Hiroshi Araki, Tomohiko Sugiyama, Jun Takada, Masaya Kubota, Youhei Shirakami, Makoto Shiraki, Masahito Shimizu, Natsuko Suzui, Tatsuhiko Miyazaki
An 80-year-old man was examined with esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy because of digestive tract hemorrhage;however, no specific cause was found. Small intestinal capsule endoscopy revealed a reddish elevated lesion in the ileum. This lesion was also detected using double-balloon endoscopy as a 5-cm reddish elevated lesion covered with normal villous architecture in the 95-cm part of the Bauhin valve on the oral side. The lesion was laparoscopically resected and diagnosed as inverted Meckel's diverticulum based on pathological examination...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063771/-hamartoma-of-the-abdominal-cavity-and-retroperitoneum-a-review-and-a-case-report
#3
A Paclík, P Dytrych, D Hoskovec, R Jakša, Z Krška
METHODS: We have reviewed recent as well as older literature with the intention of compiling a summary report on hamartomas of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneum. INTRODUCTION: Hamartoma of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneum is a rare condition which has received relatively little attention. RESULTS: The most commonly affected organs are the liver, spleen, digestive tract, pancreas and kidneys. By its nature, hamartoma is a benign lesion with a good prognosis...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988888/small-bowel-tumors-a-digestive-endoscopy-society-of-taiwan-dest-multicenter-enteroscopy-based-epidemiologic-study
#4
Chen-Shuan Chung, Chi-Ming Tai, Tien-Yu Huang, Chen-Wang Chang, Kuan-Chih Chen, Chao-Ming Tseng, Horng-Yuan Wang, Cheng-Hsin Chu, Jiann-Ming Wu, Yun Chen, Hsiu-Po Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Small bowel (SB) accounts for the majority of gastrointestinal tract but its tumors are rare and always overlooked. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of SB tumors. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study utilized endoscopy database from 2006/11 to 2016/07. Baseline demographic characteristics, clinical, radiologic and endoscopic findings were collected. RESULTS: Totally 103 (34 benign, 69 malignant lesions) patients with SB tumors in 1070 enteroscopic examinations were enrolled...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883296/multifocal-angiosarcoma-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-case-report
#5
Yosho Fukita, Ikuma Yasuda, Hiroyuki Ishibashi, Tsutoshi Asaki, Seitaro Adachi, Michifumi Toyomizu, Takefumi Takeda, Naomi Suematsu
An 80-year-old man presented to our hospital with complaints of tarry stool and shortness of breath. A blood test confirmed marked anemia. On abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography, neither hemorrhagic lesions nor tumorous lesions could be pointed out. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple erythematous flat elevated lesions, which were about 10mm in diameter, located between the stomach and the horizontal part of the duodenum. Colonoscopy revealed similar lesions throughout the entire colon...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882969/successful-resection-and-vascular-ligation-of-a-large-hepatic-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Iulian Brezean, Claudiu Anghel, Ion Barbu, Mihai Pautov, Irina Balescu, Vladislav Brasoveanu
The occurrence of hepatic artery aneurysms is rare and might be incidentally diagnosed, as the patient remains asymptomatic for a long period of time. However, due to the fact that these lesions are associated with a high risk of developing life threatening complications, such as intraperitoneal rupture, it has been stated that all cases should be submitted to treatment by endovascular or surgical approach. We present the case of a 68-year-old patient, who presented with recurrent upper digestive tract bleedings and was diagnosed with a large aneurysm of the common and the proper hepatic artery, and the gastroduodenal artery...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874632/duodenal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-a-case-report
#7
Antonino Tornambe, Giuseppe Tornambe
AIM: To report an another case of duodenal GIST in patient that was treated with Whipple procedure. MATERIAL OF STUDY: We report a case of 69 years old men that was admitted with melena. The preoperative investigations suggested a suspected duodenal GIST.A Whipple pancreatico-duodenectomy was performed. Only 3-5% of GISTs occur in the duodenum. DISCUSSION: GIST were described as a separate entity by Mazur and Clark in 1983. These tumors are the most common among mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointeninal tract...
July 25, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854945/comparison-of-the-outcomes-between-thoracoscopic-and-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-via-retrosternal-and-prevertebral-lifting-paths-by-the-same-surgeon
#8
Bing Lv, Yong-Zhong Tao, Yu Zhu, Jing Wu, Bin Zhong, Fu-Chao Luo, Yang Liu, Ze-Xue Zhang
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study is to explore the effects of retrosternal and prevertebral lifting paths of the tubular stomach on postoperative complications of patients undergoing cervical anastomosis in thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy. METHODS: Sixty-three patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy by the same surgeon. According to the path by which the stomach was lifted upward, the patients were divided into two groups: the retrosternal path group (32 patients) and the prevertebral path group (31 patients)...
August 30, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853302/novel-approach-of-laparoscopic-and-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery-lecs-for-cholecystectomy
#9
Nobuya Kobayashi, Hirohito Mori, Hideki Kobara, Noriko Nishiyama, Masao Fujiwara, Keiichi Okano, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) techniques, such as generating an artificial space between digestive tract layers for safer dissection, were thought to be safer for the resection of organs in cholecystectomy. We investigated whether combinations of endoscopic techniques and laparoscopic techniques could be performed more safely and rapidly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative-cholecystectomy (LEC-chole) and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lapa-chole) were performed in six dogs...
August 30, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765976/safety-and-efficacy-of-transcatheter-embolization-with-glubran-%C3%A2-2-cyanoacrylate-glue-for-acute-arterial-bleeding-a-single-center-experience-with-104-patients
#10
Gilles Abdulmalak, Olivier Chevallier, Nicolas Falvo, Lucy Di Marco, Aurélie Bertaut, Benjamin Moulin, Célina Abi-Khalil, Sophie Gehin, Pierre-Emmanuel Charles, Marianne Latournerie, Marco Midulla, Romaric Loffroy
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and the safety of Glubran(®)2 n-butyl cyanoacrylate metacryloxysulfolane (NBCA-MS) transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for acute arterial bleeding from varied anatomic sites and to evaluate the predictive factors associated with clinical success and 30-day mortality. METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent emergent NBCA-MS Glubran(®)2 TAE between July 2014 and August 2016 was conducted. Variables including age, sex, underlying malignancy, cardiovascular comorbidities, coagulation data, systolic blood pressure, and number of red blood cells units (RBC) transfused before TAE were collected...
August 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698416/-second-pneumothorax-in-an-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-patient-initially-treated-by-bullaectomy-twenty-two-years-ago
#11
Yamato Suzuki, Shinsaku Ueda, Satoshi Suzuki
A 2nd pneumothorax developed in a 40-years-old man after his 1st bilateral pneumothoraces were successfully treated by bullaectomies 22 years ago. For the past 10 years, he has suffered major complications such as repeated bleeding into the digestive tract due to vascular-type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS). Although preoperative computed tomography demonstrated multiple bullae at the apex of the right lung, any abnormal findings suggesting tissue fragility was not found. At surgery, visceral pleura of the right lung had an almost normal appearance through a thoracoscope...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685802/hemorrhagic-meckel-s-diverticulum-interest-of-the-digestive-pertechnetate-scintigraphy
#12
Aida Mhiri, Ihsen Slim, Faouzi Ben Slimène
Meckel's diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical symptoms can result in pain, bleeding and perforation caused by peptic ulceration. Among all imaging modalities, Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy is the most sensitive method for Meckel's diverticulum diagnosis, but only mentioned in a few publications. We report the case of a young child with rectal bleeding related hemorrhagic Meckel's diverticulum. Endoscopy and ultrasound were normal. The diagnosis was done by scintigraphy with technetium revealing an accumulation of radiotracer by mucous cells in ectopic gastric mucosa, which allows a detection of Meckel's diverticulum...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611935/gastrointestinal-amyloidosis-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Kyle Rowe, Jon Pankow, Fredy Nehme, William Salyers
Gastrointestinal amyloidosis (GIA), a protein deposition disorder, represents a complex common pathway that encompasses multiple etiologies and presentations. It represents a significant diagnostic and treatment challenge. The disease results from the deposition of insoluble extracellular protein fragments that have been rendered resistant to digestion. GIA can be acquired or genetic, and most commonly results from chronic inflammatory disorders (AA amyloidosis), hematologic malignancy (AL amyloidosis), and end-stage renal disease (Beta-2 amyloidosis)...
May 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589146/gastrointestinal-bleeding-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-poor-prognosis-in-gist-patients
#14
Qi Liu, Yuji Li, Ming Dong, Fanmin Kong, Qi Dong
A retrospective analysis of prognosis of GIST was used to assess the prognostic effects of hemorrhage of digestive tract induced by mucosal invasion of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumors and related mechanisms. The conclusion is that GISTs with gastrointestinal hemorrhage are more likely to recur, which indicates poor prognosis. Therefore, gastrointestinal hemorrhage may be used as a significant indicator to assess the prognosis of patients.
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560398/toxic-proteins-from-croton%C3%A2-tiglium-l-exert-a-proinflammatory-effect-by-inducing-release-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-and-activating-the-p38-mapk-signaling-pathway
#15
Liping Liu, Hongli Yu, Hao Wu, Xiaolin Yang, Yaozong Pan, Yeqing Chen, Kuilong Wang, Wei Wang, Wenying Zhang, Yangping Jin, Chengchao Zhang, Ai Jiang, Chunyan Xia
The aim of the present study was to determine the toxic targets of proteins from Croton tiglium L. and to investigate the potential mechanism of their toxicity. The toxic targets were determined by oral medication and intraperitoneal injection. The median lethal dose of oral medication in mice was calculated using Bliss software (2,752.8-3,407.5 mg/kg), and that of intraperitoneal injection was 195.8‑272.69 mg/kg. The results of histopathological examination demonstrated that the kidney was primarily impaired by intraperitoneal injection, with slight degeneration of renal tubular epithelial cells...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554655/hemorrhagic-angiodysplasia-of-the-digestive-tract-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Aymeric Becq, Gabriel Rahmi, Guillaume Perrod, Christophe Cellier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463675/surgical-treatment-of-splenic-artery-pseudoaneurysm-with-digestive-tract-communication-presentation-of-two-cases
#17
Mihai Adrian Eftimie, Oana Maria Stanciulea, Leonard David, Vasile Lungu, Simona Dima, Iulian Mosteanu, Luiza Tirca, Irinel Popescu
Splenopancreatectomy performed for pancreatic pseudo-cyst with splenic artery pseudo-aneurysm and communication with the digestive tract (stomach or colon) is a very rare indication and a small number of these procedures are described in literature. Managing peri-pancreatic pseudo-aneurysm is complex and can be challenging. Surgical treatment is of curative intent and can involve multiple visceral resections. Surgery can be performed in an emergency setting, if the patient presents cataclysmic bleeding, or in a planned manner if the pseudo-aneurysm is discovered incidentally or if the patient manages to overcome the initial bleeding...
March 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226349/-prevention-and-treatment-of-complications-related-to-the-digestive-tract-reconstruction-in-laparoscopic-gastric-cancer-surgery
#18
Junsheng Peng, Shi Chen
With the development of laparoscopic techniques and equipments, laparoscopic-assisted, even total laparoscopic radical surgery for gastric cancer can be performed successfully. However, the incidence of postoperative complications is higher in the laparoscopy group as compared to the open-surgery group, which is still the barrier for the total laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Similar to open surgery, the major complications of digestive tract reconstruction after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy are anastomotic leakage, anastomotic bleeding, anastomotic stricture and stenosis of input or output loop...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223734/early-thrombomodulin-%C3%AE-administration-outcome-for-acute-disseminated-intravascular-coagulopathy-in-gastrointestinal-surgery
#19
Hirotaka Konishi, Kazuma Okamoto, Katsutoshi Shoda, Tomohiro Arita, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Ryo Morimura, Shuhei Komatsu, Yasutoshi Murayama, Atsushi Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Hisashi Ikoma, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Eigo Otsuji
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of thrombomodulin (TM)-α for treatment of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC) in the field of gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS: Thirty-six peri-operative DIC patients in the field of gastrointestinal surgery who were treated with TM-α were retrospectively investigated. The relationships between patient demographics and the efficacy of TM-α were examined. Analysis of survival at 28 d was also performed on some parameters by means of the Kaplan-Meier method...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211282/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-the-jejunum-an-uncommon-finding-within-the-reach-of-capsule-endoscopy
#20
José Francisco Juanmartiñena, Marta Montes, Ignacio Fernández-Urién
An 80 year-old female presented with ductal breast carcinoma (stage II) three years ago, complained of asthenia and iron-deficiency anemia. No diagnosis was obtained after conventional endoscopy and iron supplements were indicated. Ten months later visible digestive hemorrhage was presented. Upper and lower endoscopy was repeated but non-diagnosis was obtained. Thus, video capsule endoscopy was indicated identifying a stenotic lesion arising in the mucosa of distal jejunum. Histopathological examination revealed a poorly mucinous differentiated signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma with an intense peri-tumoral lymphoid (Crohn´s-like lymphoid reaction) and lympho-vascular infiltration with no nodal metastases (pT3N0;7ª edition TNM classification)...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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