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Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska, Maciej Gryczyński, Katarzyna Starska, Wioletta Pietruszewska, Marcin Durko, Marek Lukomski
UNLABELLED: Otoneurologic bedside examination with testing eye movements gives valuable information about static and dynamic properties of balance system and may give topodiagnostyc information about the side of lesion in patients with vertigo, dizziness and disequilibrium. THE AIM OF THE STUDY: was to present the scheme of otoneurological bedside examination and usefulness of ocular motor disturbances index in evaluation of Multiple Sclerosis patients status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with diagnosis of MS, seen in outpatient neurology clinic, Medical University of Lodz, from 2002 to 2004, were enrolled into the study...
March 2009: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Magdalena Jozefowicz-Korczynska, Marek Lukomski, Anna Pajor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), due to the diverse nature of the disease, have many types of eye movement disorders, particularly internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO). The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of a quantitative statistical saccade test analysis for identification of INO in MS patients. METHODS: Sixty MS patients and 50 volunteers underwent clinical bedside ocularmotor examination and electrooculographic evaluation in a tertiary referral university hospital...
July 2008: Journal of Neurology
Magdalena Józefowicz-Korczyńska, Anna Pajor
UNLABELLED: The study of eye movement presents a unique opportunity to investigate the integrity of central ocular-motor pathways and structures, involved in the generation and control of ocularmotor reflexes, which is important in the diagnosis of rate balance system in otoneurology. In psychiatry, oculography is useful for the evaluation of schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive and affective disorders as well as the effectiveness of psychoactive drugs. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the results of smooth pursuit and saccadic tests in healthy persons in respect to age and stimulus paradigm...
July 2006: Psychiatria Polska
E Noé, M Alegre, M Otano, P de Castro
Although up to 5-20% of the patients who underwent surgery with hypothermia and cardiac arrest may present neurological complications, just a few cases of ocularmotor disorders have been described. Acquired supranuclear ocular motor paresis (ASOMP) is a rare disorder characterized by impairment in volitional and reflex saccades and smooth pursuit in one or more directions of gaze with intact extraocular movements in response to vestibular estimulation. We present two cases of acquired supranuclear ocular motor paresis associated with a peculiar gait disorder...
January 2000: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
A Jones, R P Friedland, B Koss, L Stark, B A Thompkins-Ober
Horizontal eye-movement responses of four patients with Alzheimer-type dementia were recorded using the infrared oculographic technique. Abnormally frequent saccadic intrusions occurred during the fixation and slow, smooth pursuit tasks in all four patients. Saccadic intrusions have previously been reported in the literature to occur in normals, in strabismus, in patients with certain neurological disorders, and in schizophrenic patients. This is the first report of a group of Alzheimer-type dements with an eye movement abnormality which cannot be regarded as an ocularmotor reflection of diffuse cerebral dysfunction...
1983: Journal of Neurology
R Manon-Espaillat, T H Burnstine, B Remler, R C Reed, I Osorio
A retrospective chart review (1979-1985) was performed to identify probable causes of intoxication with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We identified 141 patients meeting clinical and laboratory criteria for intoxication and 17 with clinical signs but with serum concentrations within the therapeutic range. The majority were epileptic patients; almost half were treated with monotherapy, most with phenytoin (PHT). The causes of intoxication in the epileptic patients were iatrogenic (41%), inappropriate dose self-adjustment (34%), suicide attempt (18%), inappropriate caretaker dose adjustment (9%), accidental ingestion (8%), unrecognized drug interaction (6%), and association with intercurrent illness (2%)...
January 1991: Epilepsia
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