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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944084/hope-coping-and-psychosocial-adjustment-after-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Pat Dorsett, Timothy Geraghty, Anne Sinnott, Rick Acland
INTRODUCTION: The study was a prospective, longitudinal design. The purpose was to explore the role of hope in the coping and psychosocial adjustment process following a spinal cord injury. The study was conducted at Spinal cord injury rehabilitation units in Queensland, Australia and Christchurch, New Zealand. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a longitudinal study conducted in two SCI rehabilitation centres, one in Australia and one in New Zealand. A total of 47 participants with newly acquired traumatic SCI were administered a survey consisting of the Adult Hope Scale; the Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale; the Centre for Epidemiology Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D); Life Satisfaction, Self-Rated Adjustment and Life Problems Subscales of the Life Situation Questionnaire and selected subscales from the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire (SCL-CSQ) and the COPE scales at 6 weeks post injury and 3 months post discharge...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944083/white-matter-changes-in-corticospinal-tract-associated-with-improvement-in-arm-and-hand-functions-in-incomplete-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-pilot-case-series
#2
Nuray Yozbatiran, Zafer Keser, Khader Hasan, Argyrios Stampas, Radha Korupolu, Sam Kim, Marcia K O'Malley, Felipe Fregni, Gerard E Francisco
INTRODUCTION: This is a prospective clinical pilot case series. Improvement of arm and hand functions after spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the major rehabilitation goals. Electrical stimulation of the primary motor cortex via transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) coupled with high-intensity repetitive motor training may have potential to facilitate improvement in motor function in chronic, incomplete cervical SCI. We investigated the relationship between motor recovery and changes in white matter integrity in response to treatment intervention...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942681/the-factor-structure-of-the-disability-rating-scale-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Denise Krch, Anthony H Lequerica
PURPOSE: To examine the factor structure of the Disability Rating Scale and the predictive validity of the scale's factors among individuals with traumatic brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred and eight individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury were administered the Disability Rating Scale. The sample was randomly divided into two groups. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted on Group 1, and a confirmatory factor analysis on Group 2...
September 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941531/disentangling-how-the-brain-is-wired-in-cortical-cerebral-visual-impairment
#4
Lotfi B Merabet, D Luisa Mayer, Corinna M Bauer, Darick Wright, Barry S Kran
Cortical (cerebral) visual impairment (CVI) results from perinatal injury to visual processing structures and pathways of the brain and is the most common cause of severe visual impairment or blindness in children in developed countries. Children with CVI display a wide range of visual deficits including decreased visual acuity, impaired visual field function, as well as impairments in higher-order visual processing and attention. Together, these visual impairments can dramatically influence a child's development and well-being...
May 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937044/priming-of-the-cells-hypoxic-preconditioning-for-stem-cell-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Zheng Z Wei, Yan-Bing Zhu, James Y Zhang, Myles R McCrary, Song Wang, Yong-Bo Zhang, Shan-Ping Yu, Ling Wei
OBJECTIVE: Stem cell-based therapies are promising in regenerative medicine for protecting and repairing damaged brain tissues after injury or in the context of chronic diseases. Hypoxia can induce physiological and pathological responses. A hypoxic insult might act as a double-edged sword, it induces cell death and brain damage, but on the other hand, sublethal hypoxia can trigger an adaptation response called hypoxic preconditioning or hypoxic tolerance that is of immense importance for the survival of cells and tissues...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936883/taking-back-a-little-of-what-you-have-lost-the-meaning-of-using-an-environmental-control-system-ecs-for-people-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Michele Verdonck, Maeve Nolan, Gill Chard
PURPOSE: Assistive technologies have deep and personal meanings for people with disabilities. This study sought to provide an in-depth exploration of the subjective meaning of Environmental Control System (ECS) use for people with high cervical spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to explore the personal meaning of ECS. In-depth interviews with five participants were analyzed according to recommended IPA guidelines to produce a rich phenomenological account of lived experience...
September 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933033/sleep-disturbance-after-tbi
#7
REVIEW
Surendra Barshikar, Kathleen R Bell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Present relevant literature to update knowledge on sleep science, identify common sleep disturbances seen in TBI, discuss evidence for available treatment options, and illuminate future areas for research. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep disturbances, including insomnia, circadian rhythm disturbances, and sleep apnea, are prevalent for all severities of traumatic brain injury (TBI), can be chronic, and affect both rehabilitation and recovery from the TBI...
September 20, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932245/electromagnetic-fields-for-the-regulation-of-neural-stem-cells
#8
REVIEW
Mengchu Cui, Hongfei Ge, Hengli Zhao, Yongjie Zou, Yujie Chen, Hua Feng
Localized magnetic fields (MFs) could easily penetrate the scalp, skull, and meninges, thus inducing an electrical current in both the central and peripheral nervous systems, which is primarily used in transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for inducing specific effects on different regions or cells that play roles in various brain activities. Studies of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have led to novel attractive therapeutic approaches. Neural stem cells (NSCs) in adult human brain are able to self-renew and possess multidifferential ability to maintain homeostasis and repair damage after acute central nervous system...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930870/hamstring-myoelectrical-activity-during-three-different-kettlebell-swing-exercises
#9
Michael J Del Monte, David A Opar, Ryan G Timmins, James Ross, Justin Wl Keogh, Christian Lorenzen
Kettlebell exercises have become an increasingly popular form of resistance training and component of lower body rehabilitative training programs; despite a lack of scientific literature illustrating internal mechanisms and effectiveness of these approaches. Participants (n=14) performed three different styles of kettlebell swings (hip hinge, squat and double knee extension) and were assessed for medial hamstrings (MH) and biceps femoris (BF) myoelectrical activity via surface electromyography (sEMG). Bipolar pre-gelled Ag/AgCl surface electromyography (sEMG) electrodes (10mm diameter, 20mm inter-electrode distance) were placed on the participant's dominant limb after correct skin preparation...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930819/recovery-of-an-injured-corticobulbar-tract-in-a-patient-with-stroke-a-case-report
#10
Sungho Jang, Jonghoon Kim, Yousung Seo, Soyoung Kwak
RATIONALE: The corticobulbar tract (CBT) is known to be involved in the motor function of the non-oculomotor cranial nuclei and controls the muscles of the face, head, and neck. Several studies have reported injury of the CBT in patients with brain injury, however, little is known about recovery of the injured CBT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old right-handed male underwent decompressive craniectomy for management of brain swelling and intracerebral hemorrhage following an infarction in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929919/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-therapy-assisted-walking-after-chronic-motor-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-effects-on-bone-biomarkers-and-bone-strength
#11
B Catharine Craven, Lora M Giangregorio, S Mohammad Alavinia, Lindsie A Blencowe, Naaz Desai, Sander L Hitzig, Kei Masani, Milos R Popovic
To determine the efficacy of functional electrical stimulation therapy assisted walking (FES-T) compared to a conventional aerobic and resistance training (CONV) with respect to bone biomarkers and lower extremity bone strength outcomes among adults with chronic motor incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Design Parallel group randomized controlled trial ( www.clinicaltrials.gov - NCT0020196819). Site Tertiary academic rehabilitation centre in Canada. Methods Adults with chronic (≥18 months) motor incomplete SCI (C2-T12 AIS C-D) were consented and randomized to FES-T or CONV training for 45 minutes thrice-weekly for 4 months...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929913/development-of-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-in-a-patient-with-tetraplegia-while-in-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-case-report
#12
Christopher A Beal, Michael C Krouse, Jeffrey T Tubbs
STUDY DESIGN: a single case report. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of a patient with tetraplegia who developed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) while in inpatient rehabilitation after 10.5 months. SETTING: A VA Medical Center Spinal Cord Injury Service and Disorders Unit Case Report: A 47 year-old male with a stage IV sacral pressure ulcer and C4 AIS A complete tetraplegia secondary to a motor vehicle collision, developed fever, thrombocytopenia, and anemia 20 months after his injury while in inpatient rehabilitation and was found to have APL, confirmed following bone marrow biopsy...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929311/tbi-rehabilomics-research-an-exemplar-of-a-biomarker-based-approach-to-precision-care-for-populations-with-disability
#13
REVIEW
Amy K Wagner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize how "-omics" technologies can inform rehabilitation-relevant outcomes for a range of populations with neurologically related disability by including outcome metrics linked to the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO-ICF) domains of impairments in body function, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, nearly every area of medicine uses biomarkers in some capacity to aid in understanding how personal biology informs clinical care...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928196/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-of-skin-self-care-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#14
Daniella Karine Souza Lima, Soraia Dornelles Schoeller, Neide da Silva Knihs, Caroline Porcelis Vargas, Adriana Dutra Tholl, Soraia Geraldo Rozza Lopes, Maria Manuela Martins, Karina Silveira de Almeida Hammerschmidt
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, increasing methodological references have been used in scientific research; these are points of support in the search for evidence, formulation and elaboration of instruments, scales, guideline and protocols. However, significant variability currently exists in scoping review conduct and reporting, thus limiting the potential of the methodology to advance research and practice about skin self-care of people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to perform a scoping review protocol within the health rehabilitation context of people with SCI, focusing on skin self-care...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928195/reach-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-trial-of-rehabilitation-very-early-in-congenital-hemiplegia
#15
Roslyn N Boyd, Jenny Ziviani, Leanne Sakzewski, Iona Novak, Nadia Badawi, Kerstin Pannek, Catherine Elliott, Susan Greaves, Andrea Guzzetta, Koa Whittingham, Jane Valentine, Cathy Morgan, Margaret Wallen, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Lisa Findlay, Robert Ware, Simona Fiori, Stephen Rose
OBJECTIVES: Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP). Children with unilateral CP show signs of upper limb asymmetry by 8 months corrected age (ca) but are frequently not referred to therapy until after 12 months ca. This study compares the efficacy of infant-friendly modified constraint-induced movement therapy (Baby mCIMT) to infant friendly bimanual therapy (Baby BIM) on upper limb, cognitive and neuroplasticity outcomes in a multisite randomised comparison trial...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928027/development-of-a-sexual-needs-rehabilitation-framework-in-women-post-spinal-cord-injury-a-study-from-iran
#16
Raziyeh Maasoumi, Fatemeh Zarei, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Taylor Lawson, Seyyed Hasan Emami-Razavi
OBJECTIVE: To develop a sexual needs rehabilitation framework in women post spinal cord injury (SCI) DESIGN: Mixed-methods study SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (BASIR), Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran PARTICIPANTS: Married women with at least one year passed injury INTERVENTION: Not applicable METHODS: This study was designed in three steps; primary needs assessment with quantitative and qualitative methods, prioritizing identified needs by expert panels, and developing framework...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927509/health-care-workers-experiences-of-aggression
#17
Katelyn Kerr, Joanne Oram, Helen Tinson, David Shum
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of patient aggression against health care workers, the consequences and coping mechanisms. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional design. SUBJECTS: 50 participants comprised 37 nurses, 1 ward staff, 12 allied health staff employed in two brain injury wards with experience ranging from 3months to 34years. SETTING: Neurosciences and Brain Injury Rehabilitation wards of a metropolitan tertiary hospital in Brisbane...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927392/the-validation-of-the-dutch-sf-qualiveen-a-questionnaire-on-urinary-specific-quality-of-life-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients
#18
Sarah H M Reuvers, Ida J Korfage, Jeroen R Scheepe, Lisette A 't Hoen, Tebbe A R Sluis, Bertil F M Blok
BACKGROUND: Optimizing the patients' quality of life is one of the main goals in the urological management of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. In this study we validated the Dutch SF-Qualiveen, a short questionnaire that measures the urinary-specific quality of life, in SCI patients. No such measure is yet available for this patient group. METHODS: In 2015-2016 SCI patients with urinary symptomatology who visited the outpatient clinics of Urology at the Erasmus Medical Centre and Rehabilitation at Rijndam Revalidation completed the SF-Qualiveen and UDI-6 during the visit and 1-2 weeks later...
September 19, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926484/alcohol-and-drug-use-before-and-during-the-first-year-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau, Frédéric St-Onge, Marie-Claude Blackburn, Andrée Banville, Andrée-Anne Paradis-Giroux, Marie-Christine Ouellet
OBJECTIVES: To compare individuals with mild and moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) on alcohol and drug use and substance use disorders before and in the first year post-TBI; to explore sociodemographic and injury-related variables associated with substance use disorders. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 225 adults hospitalized in a level I trauma center after TBI. DESIGN: Observational cohort study with retrospective (pre-TBI) and prospective (4, 8, and 12 months post-TBI) assessments...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926480/postconcussive-symptoms-over-the-first-14-days-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-an-experience-sampling-study
#20
Maria Pacella, Arjun Prabhu, Julia Morley, Stephanie Huang, Brian Suffoletto
OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in postconcussive symptoms (PCS) over the acute postinjury recovery period, focusing on how daily PCSs differ between mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and other injury types. SETTING: An urban emergency department (ED) in Western Pennsylvania. SUBJECTS: A total of 108 adult patients with trauma being discharged from the ED were recruited and grouped by injury type: mild TBI (mTBI; n = 39), head injury without mTBI (HI: n = 16), and non-head-injured trauma controls (TCs: n = 53)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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