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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336209/effects-of-treadmill-training-combined-with-serotonergic-interventions-on-spasticity-after-contusive-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Youngjae Ryu, Toru Ogata, Motoshi Nagao, Yasuhiro Sawada, Ryohei Nishimura, Naoki Fujita
Spasticity usually emerges during the course of recovery from spinal cord injury (SCI). While medications and physical rehabilitation are prescribed to alleviate spastic symptoms, the insufficiency of their effects remains an important problem to be addressed. Given the challenges associated with increasing the dose of medication, we supposed that a combination therapy with medication and physical rehabilitation can be effective. Therefore, we examined the effects of treadmill training (TMT) along with serotonergic medication using a spastic rat model after contusive injury...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335474/low-vitamin-d-levels-are-independent-predictors-of-1-year-worsening-in-physical-function-in-people-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Arcangelo Barbonetti, Settimio D'Andrea, Alessio Martorella, Giorgio Felzani, Sandro Francavilla, Felice Francavilla
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To explore the longitudinal association of baseline vitamin D levels with 1-year change in physical function outcomes in people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Rehabilitation institute. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients (44 men and 23 women) with chronic SCI admitted to a rehabilitation program were included. Functional independence in daily living activities (as evaluated by the Spinal Cord Independence Measure version III, SCIM III) and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) were assessed as measures of physical function at the admission and re-assessed 1-year later...
January 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335473/mental-health-and-life-satisfaction-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-their-partners-5-years-after-discharge-from-first-inpatient-rehabilitation
#3
Eline W M Scholten, Maria E H Tromp, Chantal F Hillebregt, Sonja de Groot, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare mental health and life satisfaction between individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their partners 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation; and to examine if injury severity moderates the association between individuals' with SCI and their partners' mental health and life satisfaction. SETTING: Dutch community. METHODS: Sixty-five individuals with SCI and their partners completed a self-report questionnaire...
January 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335472/provided-support-caregiver-burden-and-well-being-in-partners-of-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-5-years-after-discharge-from-first-inpatient-rehabilitation
#4
Eline W M Scholten, Anneroos Kieftenbelt, Chantal F Hillebregt, Sonja de Groot, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe type and regularity of support given by partners for individuals with paraplegia versus tetraplegia 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation; to describe perceived caregiver burden, mental health and life satisfaction among partners; and to analyse determinants of perceived burden and the partner's mental health and life satisfaction. SETTING: The Netherlands. METHODS: Participants were partners of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) 5 years after discharge from first inpatient rehabilitation (N = 67)...
January 16, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334811/the-experiences-of-physical-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-qualitative-thematic-synthesis
#5
Janelle Unger, Hardeep Singh, Avril Mansfield, Sander L Hitzig, Erica Lenton, Kristin E Musselman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this thematic synthesis review was to identify and synthesise published qualitative research on the perspectives of individuals with spinal cord injuries with respect to physical rehabilitation interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The peer-reviewed literature was searched across seven databases and identified abstracts were independently screened by two reviewers. A thematic synthesis methodology was used to code and synthesise the results from the included studies...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334804/characterizing-on-road-driving-performance-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-who-pass-or-fail-an-on-road-driving-assessment
#6
Renerus J Stolwyk, Judith L Charlton, Pamela E Ross, Michel Bédard, Shawn Marshall, Sylvain Gagnon, James R Gooden, Jennie L Ponsford
OBJECTIVE: To characterise on-road driving performance in individuals with traumatic brain injury who fail on-road driving assessment, compared with both those who pass assessment and healthy controls, and the injury and cognitive factors associated with driving performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Forty eight participants with traumatic brain injury (Age M = 40.50 SD = 14.62, 77% male, post-traumatic amnesia days M = 28...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334802/youth-and-young-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-transition-towards-work-related-roles-a-qualitative-study
#7
Alicia Paniccia, Heather Colquhoun, Bonnie Kirsh, Sally Lindsay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of youth and young adults with acquired brain injury as they transition towards work-related roles. Little is known about employment experiences among this age group. Understanding their perspectives can inform programs and clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative design, including semi-structured interviews with 14 participants (8 females; 6 males) was used. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using an open-coding, thematic approach...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334467/robot-assisted-upper-extremity-rehabilitation-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-a-systematic-scoping-review
#8
Hardeep Singh, Janelle Unger, José Zariffa, Maureen Pakosh, Susan Jaglal, B Catharine Craven, Kristin E Musselman
Abstact Purpose: To provide an overview of the feasibility and outcomes of robotic-assisted upper extremity training for individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify gaps in current research and articulate future research directions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CCTR, CDSR, CINAHL and PubMed on June 7, 2017. Search terms included 3 themes: (1) robotics; (2) SCI; (3) upper extremity. Studies using robots for upper extremity rehabilitation among individuals with cervical SCI were included...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332181/management-of-rotator-cuff-injuries-in-the-elite-athlete
#9
REVIEW
Leigh J Weiss, Dean Wang, Michael Hendel, Philip Buzzerio, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of pain and dysfunction for the elite athlete and can result in time loss from participation. This review highlights the current management of these injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: Conservative management of rotator cuff injuries continues to be the "gold standard" in the elite athlete. This includes a comprehensive rehabilitation program, anti-inflammatories, and corticosteroid injections. Newer treatment techniques such as intramuscular dry needling and the use of biologics such as platelet-rich plasma and stem cells demonstrate early promising results; however, these modalities require further investigation to determine their effectiveness...
January 13, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327823/a-previous-hamstring-injury-affects-kicking-mechanics-in-soccer-players
#10
Archit Navandar, Santiago Veiga, Gonzalo Torres, David Chorro, Enrique Navarro
BACKGROUND: Although the kicking skill is influenced by limb dominance and sex, how a previous hamstring injury affects kicking has not been studied in detail. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of sex and limb dominance on kicking in limbs with and without a previous hamstring injury. METHODS: 45 professional players (males: n=19, previously injured players=4, age=21.16 ± 2.00 years; females: n=19, previously injured players=10, age=22...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327631/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-a-scoping-review
#11
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Christine Lay, Sarah E P Munce
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are significant risk factors for physical and mental illnesses in adulthood. Traumatic brain injury/concussion is a challenging condition where pre-injury factors may affect recovery. The association between childhood adversity and traumatic brain injury/concussion has not been previously reviewed. The research question addressed is: What is known from the existing literature about the association between adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS: All original studies of any type published in English since 2007 on adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion outcomes were included...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327558/-modified-osteotomy-of-olecranon-for-the-management-of-inter-condylar-fracture-of-the-humerus
#12
Zheng-Feng Mei, Wen-Tao Lei, Dong-Hui Huang, Qi-Hui Zhao, Hang-Bo Qu, Lian-Zhi Ni
OBJECTIVE: To explore the surgical method and clinical outcome of modified osteotomy of olecranon for the treatment of inter-condylar fracture of humerus. METHODS: From May 2007 to December 2012, 32 patients of intercondylar fracture of humerus were treated surgically through the approach of modified osteotomy of olecranon. The patients were 21 males and 11 females with a mean age of 46.3 years (ranged 18 to 65 years). Nineteen fractures occurred on the right extremity and 13 on the left extremity...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324408/assessing-dynamic-balance-performance-during-exergaming-based-on-speed-and-curvature-of-body-movements
#13
Venustiano Soancatl Aguilar, Jasper J van de Gronde, Claudine J C Lamoth, Natasha M Maurits, Jos B T M Roerdink
Improving balance performance among the elderly is of utmost importance because of the increasing number of injuries and fatalities caused by fall incidences. Digital games controlled by body movements (exergames) have been proposed as a way to improve balance among older people. However, the assessment of balance performance in real-time during exergaming remains a challenging task. This assessment could be used to provide instantaneous feedback and automatically adjust the exergame difficulty. Such features could potentially increase the motivation of the player, thus augmenting the effectiveness of exergames...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323630/fatal-innominate-artery-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-tetraplegia-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Ahmad Zaheer Qureshi
Context Hemorrhage is one of the potentially fatal complications of tracheostomy. A rare but lethal cause of tracheostomy related bleeding is hemorrhage from the innominate artery. This occurs following tracheo-innominate artery fistula (TIF) formation, which is associated with a mortality rate of more than 85%. Here, we report the case of an individual with tetraplegia and a tracheostomy who died as a result of innominate artery hemorrhage. This case highlights the possible causes and interventions associated with this complication, and provides insight into tracheostomy related bleeding in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323623/bladder-management-practices-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-a-single-center-experience-from-a-developing-country
#15
Sahibzada Nasir Mansoor, Farooq Azam Rathore
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Inadequate bladder management in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients results in significant morbidity and even mortality. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the recommended option for SCI patients. The objective of the study was to document the bladder management practices of SCI patients in a developing country. DESIGN: Questionnaire based cross sectional survey Setting: Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rawalpindi, Pakistan Participants: All patients with SCI (irrespective of duration, level and etiology) Interventions: Data documentation included demographics, level, severity and time since injury, bladder management techniques used, details of CIC, results of Urodynamic studies (if available), complications resulting from bladder management technique and patient awareness of the yearly follow up...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323399/-usability-and-acceptability-of-portable-exoskeletons-for-gait-training-in-subjects-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#16
H Mardomingo-Medialdea, P Fernandez-Gonzalez, F Molina-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury limits severely life expectancy and it causes in a restriction in the activities of the daily life of the subjects who suffer it. Training the gait with portable exoskeletons in subjects with spinal cord injury is a new approach to rehabilitation. AIM: To examine the usability and acceptability of these devices for gait training in subjects with spinal cord injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted until February 2017 in the databases: Medline (PubMed, EBSCO), PEDro, Scopus and Web of Science...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323228/relationships-between-type-of-pain-and-work-participation-in-people-with-long-standing-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ellen H Roels, Michiel F Reneman, Janneke Stolwijk-Swuste, Charlotte C van Laake-Geelen, Sonja de Groot, Jacinthe J E Adriaansen, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre, cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationships between the presence of (different types of) pain and participation in paid work in people with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI). Furthermore, the associations of pain-related work limitations, age, gender, relationship, education, lesion level, and time since injury (TSI) with work participation (WP) were investigated. SETTING: The Netherlands...
January 11, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322866/how-does-language-change-after-an-intensive-treatment-on-imitation
#18
Marina Zettin, Marzia Leopizzi, Valentina Galetto
The main aim of our study was to investigate the role of imitation in improving word-finding difficulties in a group of aphasic subjects. For this purpose, we designed software based on the computerised program described by Lee et al. (2010). Seven subjects with aphasia resulting from a brain injury were enrolled in the study. A battery of tests was administered to participants one month before the treatment (T0) and immediately before its beginning (T1) with the aim of detecting their language difficulties...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322861/community-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#19
Steven Wesselhoff, Timothy A Hanke, Christian C Evans
Background Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and many survivors report long-term physical or cognitive impairments that may impact their ability to achieve community mobility (CM). PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which people with chronic stroke achieve CM compared to age-matched norms or non-neurologically impaired controls. Methods The StrokEDGE outcome measures were searched to identify validated tools that included >25% of items addressing CM. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane databases were searched from 2001 to 2015 with the identified outcome measures cross-referenced against search terms related to stroke and CM...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321494/transplantation-of-olfactory-ensheathing-cells-on-functional-recovery-and-neuropathic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Babak Nakhjavan-Shahraki, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Masoud Baikpour, Farinaz Nasirinezhad, Saeed Safari, Mehdi Yaseri, Ali Moghadas Jafari, Parisa Ghelichkhani, Abbas Tafakhori, Mostafa Hosseini
There are considerable disagreements on the application of olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) for spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation. The present meta-analysis was designed to investigate the efficacy of OEC transplantation on motor function recovery and neuropathic pain alleviation in SCI animal models. Accordingly, all related studies were identified and included. Two independent researchers assessed the quality of the articles and summarized them by calculating standardized mean differences (SMD). OEC transplantation was shown to significantly improve functional recovery (SMD = 1...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
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