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lactate and training

Sally J Bromley, Michael K Drew, Andrew McIntosh, Scott Talpey
OBJECTIVES: Heart rate (HR), blood lactate concentration [La] and/or rating of perceived exertion (RPE) have been utilised to monitor judo training load in technical and randori (competition training) sessions, but are yet to be investigated in mixed sessions containing both elements. Therefore the purpose of this study was to: (1) determine the stability of these variables, and (2) to assess the efficacy of RPE as a load variable for mixed judo sessions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Ricardo C Chebel, Luís G D Mendonça, Pietro S Baruselli
The objectives of the current study were to determine the association between body condition score change during the dry period (ΔBCS) and postpartum health and reproductive and productive performance of Holstein cows. Data from 16,104 lactations from 9,950 parous cows from 2 dairies located in the San Joaquin Valley of California were used. Within dairy, cows were scored for body condition at dry off and parturition by the same herd workers, who were trained by veterinarians from the Veterinary Medicine Teaching and Research Center of the University of California Davis...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Youngin Choi, Jungsuk Roh
[Purpose] The present study aimed to analyze and compare the activity profile and physiological responses of amateur football referees during competitive matches of high school and college students. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty referees (high school, 15; college, 15) were included in this study. The total distance covered, movement speed, and heart rate were measured using a global positioning system-enabled wireless heart rate monitor. The blood lactate concentration was measured immediately after the first and second half...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Simone de Campos Neitzke Winter, Rafael Michel de Macedo, Júlio Cesar Francisco, Paula Costa Santos, Ana Paula Sarraff Lopes, Leanderson Franco de Meira, Katherine A Teixeira de Carvalho, José Rocha Faria Neto, Ana Carolina Brandt de Macedo, Luiz César Guarita-Souza
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise should be part of the treatment of post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of two training prescription models (continuous x interval) and its impact on ventricular function in rats after AMI with normal ventricular function. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were evaluated by echocardiography 21 days after the AMI. Those with LVEF = 50% (n = 29) were included in the study and randomized to control group (CG n = 10), continuous training group (CTG n = 9) or interval training group (ITG, n = 10)...
March 12, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Lie Wang, Giri Kumar Chandaka, Robert C Foehring, Joseph C Callaway, William E Armstrong
Oxytocin (OT) neurons exhibit larger afterhyperpolarizations (AHPs) following spike trains during pregnancy and lactation, when these neurons burst and release more OT. Calcium-dependent AHPs mediated by SK channels show this plasticity, and are reduced when the channel is phosphorylated by casein kinase 2 (CK2), and increased when dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), by altering Ca2+ sensitivity. We compared AHP currents in supraoptic OT neurons after CK2 inhibition with 4,5,6,7-tetrabromobenzotriazole (TBB), or PP1-PP2A inhibition with okadaic acid (OA) focusing on the peak current at 100 ms representing the SK-mediated, medium AHP (ImAHP )...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
Pedro B Junior, Vitor L de Andrade, Eduardo Z Campos, Carlos A Kalva-Filho, Alessandro M Zagatto, Gustavo G de Araújo, Marcelo Papoti
Due to the controversy about the sensitive of lactate minimum intensity (LMI) to training and the need to develop other tool for aerobic fitness evaluation, the purpose of this study was to analyze the sensitivity of glucose minimum intensity (GMI) and LMI to endurance training. Eight trained male cyclists (21.4 ± 1.9 years, 67.6 ± 7.5 kg and 1.72 ± 0.10 m) were evaluated twice, before and after 12 weeks of training. GMI and LMI were calculated, respectively, by the lowest blood glucose and lactate values attained during an incremental test performed after a hyperlactemia induction, and VO2 max was determined during standard incremental effort...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Jaelson G Ortiz, Juliano F da Silva, Lorival J Carminatti, Luiz G A Guglielmo, Fernando Diefenthaeler
This study aims to analyze the physiological, neuromuscular, and biochemical responses in untrained women after eight weeks of regular participation in small-sided soccer games compared to aerobic training. Twenty-seven healthy untrained women were divided into two groups [soccer group (SG = 17) and running group (RG = 10)]. Both groups trained three times per week for eight weeks. The variables measured in this study were maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), relative velocity at VO2 max (vVO2 max), peak velocity, relative intensity at lactate threshold (vLT), relative intensity at onset of blood lactate accumulation (vOBLA), peak force, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, and cholesterol ratio (LDL/HDL)...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
J F Tornero-Aguilera, José Juan Robles-Pérez, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
Previous studies have shown that actuate stress have a negative effect on working memory, visio-spatial ability and symptoms of disassociation. We conducted the present research with the aim of to analyse the effect of experience and training in psychophysiological response, attention and memory of soldiers in combat. Variables of blood lactate, blood glucose, blood oxygen saturation, body temperature, heart rate, lower body muscular strength manifestation, autonomic modulation, cortical arousal, cognitive and somatic anxiety, and memory by a post mission questionnaire were analysed before and after a combat simulation in 49 soldiers of Spanish Army...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Christopher T Brennan, David G Jenkins, Mark A Osborne, Michael Oyewale, Vincent G Kelly
This study examined the changes in running performance, maximal blood lactate concentrations and running kinematics between 85%BM anti-gravity (AG) running and normal over-ground (OG) running over an 8-week training period. Fifteen elite male developmental cricketers were assigned to either the AG or over-ground (CON) running group. The AG group (n = 7) ran twice a week on an AG treadmill and once per week over-ground. The CON group (n = 8) completed all sessions OG on grass. Both AG and OG training resulted in similar improvements in time trial and shuttle run performance...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
A M M Tenghe, A C Bouwman, B Berglund, D J de Koning, R F Veerkamp
The main objective of this study was to investigate the benefit of accuracy of genomic prediction when combining records for an intermediate physiological phenotype in a training population with records for a traditional phenotype. Fertility was used as a case study, where commencement of luteal activity (C-LA) was the physiological phenotype, whereas the interval from calving to first service and calving interval were the traditional phenotypes. The potential accuracy of across-country genomic prediction and optimal recording strategies of C-LA were also investigated in terms of the number of farms and number of repeated records for C-LA...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Y Zhang, G Claireaux, H Takle, S M Jørgensen, A P Farrell
The recovery of oxygen uptake to the standard metabolic rate (SMR) following exhaustive chasing exercise in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar parr occurred in three phases (rapid, plateau and slow). The initial recovery phase lasted 0·7 h and contributed 16% to the total excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). It was followed by a longer plateau phase that contributed 53% to the total EPOC. The slow recovery phase that completed recovery of SMR, which has not been reported previously, made a 31% contribution to the total EPOC...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Jeffrey A Lawton, Noelle A Prescott, Ping X Lawton
We have developed an integrated, project-oriented curriculum for undergraduate molecular biology and biochemistry laboratory courses spanning two semesters that is organized around the ldhA gene from the yogurt-fermenting bacterium Lactobacillus bulgaricus, which encodes the enzyme d-lactate dehydrogenase. The molecular biology module, which consists of nine experiments carried out over eleven sessions, begins with the isolation of genomic DNA from L. bulgaricus in yogurt and guides students through the process of cloning the ldhA gene into a prokaryotic expression vector, followed by mRNA isolation and characterization of recombinant gene expression levels using RT-PCR...
March 7, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
Christoph Zinner, Daniela Schäfer Olstad, Billy Sperlich
PURPOSE: The aim was to compare mesocycles with progressively increasing workloads and varied training intensity distribution (TID), i.e. high-intensity (HIGH, > 4 mmol·L blood lactate), low-intensity (LOW, < 2 mmol·L blood lactate) or a combination of HIGH and LOW (referred to as "polarized", POL) on 5000-m running time and key components of endurance performance in recreational runners. METHODS: Forty-two runners (peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak): 45...
March 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Nicolas Golse, Nicola Guglielmo, Albert El Metni, Fabio Frosio, Cyril Cosse, Salima Naili, Philippe Ichaï, Oriana Ciacio, Gabriella Pittau, Marc-Antoine Allard, Denis Castaing, Antonio S A Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, René Adam, Eric Vibert
BACKGROUND: Although many prognostic factors of primary graft dysfunction after liver transplantation (LT) are available, it remains difficult to predict failure in a given recipient. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the intraoperative assay of arterial lactate concentration at the end of LT (LCEOT) might constitute a reliable biological test to predict early outcomes [primary nonfunction (PNF), early graft dysfunction (EAD)]. METHODS: We reviewed data from a prospective database in a single center concerning patients transplanted between January 2015 and December 2016 (n = 296)...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
James Steele, Andrew Butler, Zoe Comerford, Jason Dyer, Nathan Lloyd, Joshua Ward, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Christopher Scott, Hayao Ozaki
The present study examined the effects of exercise utilising traditional resistance training (leg press) or 'cardio' exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) modalities upon acute physiological responses. Nine healthy males underwent a within session randomised crossover design where they completed both the leg press and recumbent cycle ergometer conditions. Conditions were approximately matched for effort and duration (leg press: 4 × 12RM using a 2 s concentric and 3 s eccentric repetition duration controlled with a metronome, thus each set lasted  60 s; recumbent cycle ergometer: 4 × 60 s bouts using a resistance level permitting 80-100 rpm but culminating with being unable to sustain the minimum cadence for the final 5-10 s)...
2018: PeerJ
Guillermo Olcina, Rafael Timón, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Ismael Martínez-Guardado, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Carmen Crespo
Given increasing popularity of triathlon, the objective of this study was to evaluate the acute effects upon the health of triathletes. To do so, with a sample of 23 male athletes (34.4 ± 7.9 years old), an assessment was carried out both before and after an Olympic distance triathlon, of the bodily composition, the jumping ability and the BORG and VAS scales, as well as a blood analysis of the following: Lactate (mmol/L), Hematrocrit (%), Glucose (mg/dL), Total proteins (mg/dL), Triglycerides (mg/dL), Bilirubin (mg/dL), GOT (IU/L), GPT (IU/L), LDH (IU/L), CPK (IU/L)...
March 5, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Ali Emami, Asghar Tofighi, Siamak Asri-Rezaei, Behnaz Bazargani-Gilani
Strenuous physical exercise and hyperthermia may paradoxically induce oxidative stress and adverse effects on myocardial function. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 14-d coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation and pre-cooling on serum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cardiac Troponin I (cTnI), myoglobin (Mb), lactate dehydrogenase (LD), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and CoQ10 concentration in elite swimmers. In total, thirty-six healthy males (mean age 17 (sd 1) years) were randomly selected and divided into four groups of supplementation, supplementation with pre-cooling, pre-cooling and control...
February 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Joaquín Sánchez-Molina, José J Robles-Pérez, Vicente J Clemente-Suárez
Soldiers´ training and experience can influence the outcome of the missions, as well as their own physical integrity. The objective of this research was to analyze the psycho-physiological response and specific motor skills in an urban combat simulation with two units of infantry with different training and experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: psychophysiological parameters -Heart Rate, blood oxygen saturation, glucose and blood lactate, cortical activation, anxiety and heart rate variability-, as well as fine motor skills were analyzed in 31 male soldiers of the Spanish Army, 19 belonging to the Light Infantry Brigade, and 12 to the Heavy Forces Infantry Brigade, before and after an urban combat simulation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Christopher Thompson, Anni Vanhatalo, Stefan Kadach, Lee J Wylie, Jonathan Fulford, Scott K Ferguson, Jamie R Blackwell, Stephen J Bailey, Andrew M Jones
The physiological and exercise performance adaptations to sprint interval training (SIT) may be modified by dietary nitrate (NO3 - ) supplementation. However, it is possible that different types of NO3 - supplementation evoke divergent physiological and performance adaptations to SIT. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 4 weeks SIT with and without concurrent dietary NO3 - supplementation administered as either NO3 - -rich beetroot juice (BR) or potassium NO3 - (KNO3 ). Thirty recreationally-active subjects completed a battery of exercise tests before and after a 4 week intervention in which they were allocated to one of three groups: 1) SIT undertaken without dietary NO3 - supplementation (SIT); 2) SIT accompanied by concurrent BR supplementation (SIT+BR); or 3) SIT accompanied by concurrent KNO3 supplementation (SIT+KNO3 )...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Sven Blomqvist, Per-Erik Ervasti, Guilherme Elcadi
To improve current understandings of physical Workload (WL) in elite Bandy, ten bandy players were monitored for heart rate (HR) during thirteen matches over one championship season. Participants were divided into five subgroups according to playing position - libero, defender, halves, midfielder and forward. HR measurements were analyzed with two different methods to compute physical WL - (i) percentage of total time spent in different HR zones (HRres) and (ii) WL based on the Edwards method. Also determined was the time spent at HR levels above the lactate threshold (LT)...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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