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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907138/barriers-to-modern-contraceptive-use-in-kinshasa-drc
#1
Mbadu Muanda, Parfait Gahungu Ndongo, Leah D Taub, Jane T Bertrand
Recent research from Kinshasa, DRC, has shown that only one in five married women uses modern contraception; over one quarter have an unmet need for family planning; and almost 400 health facilities across Kinshasa report that they provide modern contraception. This study addresses the question: with reasonable physical access and relatively high unmet need, why is modern contraceptive prevalence so low? To this end, the research team conducted 6 focus groups of women (non-users of any method, users of traditional methods, and users of modern methods) and 4 of husbands (of users of traditional methods and in non-user unions) in health zones with relatively strong physical access to FP services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891709/effect-of-dietary-kapok-oil-supplementation-on-growth-performance-carcass-traits-meat-quality-and-sensory-traits-of-pork-in-finishing-pigs
#2
Keisuke Maeda, Kimiko Kohira, Hiroki Kubota, Kousuke Yamanaka, Kaoru Saito, Masakazu Irie
Kapok seed and oil from the tropical zone are widely used as pig feed to harden porcine fat in Japan. This study evaluated the effect of dietary kapok oil supplementation on pork quality and sensory traits. Five Duroc pigs each were assigned to an experimental group supplemented with kapok oil and a control group. Dietary kapok oil supplementation had no effect on growth performance and intramuscular fat content in the Longissimus dorsi muscle (LM). Supplemental kapok oil increased saturated fatty acid contents in subcutaneous and intramuscular fat and decreased monounsaturated fatty acid levels (P < 0...
November 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886436/factors-that-hinder-or-enable-maternal-health-strategies-to-reduce-delays-in-rural-and-pastoralist-areas-in-ethiopia
#3
Ruth Jackson, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Hagos Godefay
OBJECTIVES: To document factors that hinder or enable strategies to reduce the first and second delays of the Three Delays in rural and pastoralist areas in Ethiopia. METHODS: A key informant study was conducted with 44 Health Extension Workers in Afar Region, Kafa Zone (Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples' Region), and Adwa Woreda (Tigray Region). Health Extension Workers were trained to interview women and ask for stories about their recent experiences of birth...
November 25, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866492/predictive-modelling-of-ross-river-virus-notifications-in-southeastern-australia
#4
Z Cutcher, E Williamson, S E Lynch, S Rowe, H J Clothier, S M Firestone
Ross River virus (RRV) is a mosquito-borne virus endemic to Australia. The disease, marked by arthritis, myalgia and rash, has a complex epidemiology involving several mosquito species and wildlife reservoirs. Outbreak years coincide with climatic conditions conducive to mosquito population growth. We developed regression models for human RRV notifications in the Mildura Local Government Area, Victoria, Australia with the objective of increasing understanding of the relationships in this complex system, providing trigger points for intervention and developing a forecast model...
November 21, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862819/expression-in-grasses-of-multiple-transgenes-for-degradation-of-munitions-compounds-on-live-fire-training-ranges
#5
Long Zhang, Ryan Routsong, Quyen Nguyen, Elizabeth L Rylott, Neil C Bruce, Stuart E Strand
The deposition of toxic munitions compounds, such as hexahydro-1, 3, 5-triniitro-1, 3, 5-trizaine (RDX), on soils around targets in live-fire-training ranges is an important source of groundwater contamination. Plants take up RDX but do not significantly degrade it. Reported here is the transformation of two perennial grass species, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera), with the genes for degradation of RDX. These species possess a number of agronomic traits making them well-equipped for the uptake and removal of RDX from root zone leachates...
November 10, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857946/can-bedside-ultrasound-inferior-vena-cava-measurements-accurately-diagnose-congestive-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department-a-clin-iq
#6
Miranda Gaskamp, Mark Blubaugh, Laine H McCarthy, Dewey C Scheid
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis of CHF in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with undifferentiated dyspnea would allow clinicians to begin appropriate treatment more promptly. Current guidelines recommend B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels for more accurate diagnosis of CHF in dyspneic patients. Although BNP levels are relatively inexpensive, the test is not usually performed at bedside and results may take up to an hour or more...
October 2016: Journal of Patient-centered Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852239/determinants-of-use-of-health-facility-for-childbirth-in-rural-hadiya-zone-southern-ethiopia
#7
Netsanet Abera Asseffa, Fawole Bukola, Arowojolu Ayodele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a major global public health concern despite many international efforts. Facility-based childbirth increases access to appropriate skilled attendance and emergency obstetric care services as the vast majority of obstetric complications occur during delivery. The purpose of the study was to determine the proportion of facility delivery and assess factors influencing utilization of health facility for childbirth. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rural districts of Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia...
November 16, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851199/1564-analysis-of-pediatric-trauma-in-a-combat-zone-to-inform-high-fidelity-simulation-training
#8
Patrick Reeves, Elizabeth Mann-Salinas, Jennifer Gurney, Zsolt Stockinger, Tuan Le, Matthew Borgman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846308/the-challenge-of-evaluating-the-intensity-of-short-actions-in-soccer-a-new-methodological-approach-using-percentage-acceleration
#9
Karin Sonderegger, Markus Tschopp, Wolfgang Taube
PURPOSE: There are several approaches to quantifying physical load in team sports using positional data. Distances in different speed zones are most commonly used. Recent studies have used acceleration data in addition in order to take short intense actions into account. However, the fact that acceleration decreases with increasing initial running speed is ignored and therefore introduces a bias. The aim of our study was to develop a new methodological approach that removes this bias...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826479/intralipotherapy-the-state-of-the-art
#10
Roberto Amore, Hernán Pinto, Kostas Gritzalas, Carlota Hernández, Katarzyna Skwara-Guzikowska, Domenico Amuso, Vincenza Leonardi
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction intralipotherapy is a term commonly used in the field of aesthetic medicine, above all in Europe, which defines a specific injection technique developed for the treatment of localized fat with substances that provoke the lysis of adipocytes by means of an injection directly into the adipose tissue with a long needle. The aim of this study is to define the technique in detail and everything that is associated with it, on the basis of years of multicenter experience by doctors who perform it...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815728/a-novel-algorithm-for-ventricular-arrhythmia-classification-using-a-fuzzy-logic-approach
#11
Nong Weixin
In the present study, it has been shown that an unnecessary implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shock is often delivered to patients with an ambiguous ECG rhythm in the overlap zone between ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF); these shocks significantly increase mortality. Therefore, accurate classification of the arrhythmia into VT, organized VF (OVF) or disorganized VF (DVF) is crucial to assist ICDs to deliver appropriate therapy. A classification algorithm using a fuzzy logic classifier was developed for accurately classifying the arrhythmias into VT, OVF or DVF...
November 4, 2016: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815623/facilitating-mental-health-screening-of-war-torn-populations-using-mobile-applications
#12
Bahar Hashemi, Sara Ali, Rania Awaad, Laila Soudi, Lawrence Housel, Stephen J Sosebee
BACKGROUND: War-torn populations are often hard to screen for mental health disorders. Classical data collection approaches, such as paper-based, online, or SMS-operated, are either infeasible or lack accuracy due to a variety of challenges associated with dynamics and consequences of war. METHODS: In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for accurate and fast screening using free open-source software, Open Data Kit (ODK) mobile application. This approach was developed by the Palestine Children's Relief Fund (PCRF) to assess the mental health symptoms of 986 Palestinian children (age 6-18) in the aftermath of Israel's Operation Protective Edge (OPE) in 2014...
November 4, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813393/the-effect-of-a-short-term-training-period-on-physiological-parameters-and-running-performance-intensity-distribution-versus-constant-intensity-exercise
#13
Vicente J Clemente-Suárez, Athanasios A Dalamitros, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: This study compared the effect of two training strategies differing on the weekly intensity distribution on physiological parameters and running performance in moderately trained endurance athletes. METHODS: Thirty male athletes were equally divided into three groups, one following an increasing weekly aerobic intensity distribution (EXP1), one with constant weekly aerobic intensitydistribution (EXP2) and a control one, following a freely chosen program (CON)...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811290/participatory-ethnographic-evaluation-and-research-reflections-on-the-research-approach-used-to-understand-the-complexity-of-maternal-health-issues-in-south-sudan
#14
Khalifa Elmusharaf, Elaine Byrne, Mary Manandhar, Joanne Hemmings, Diarmuid O'Donovan
Many methodological approaches have been used to understand cultural dimensions to maternal health issues. Although a well-designed quantitative survey with a representative sample can provide essential information on trends in behavior, it does not necessarily establish a contextualized understanding of the complexity in which different behaviors occur. This article addresses how contextualized data can be collected in a short time and under conditions in which participants in conflict-affected zones might not have established, or time to establish, trust with the researchers...
November 2, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806014/a-performance-analysis-of-a-stand-up-paddle-board-marathon-race
#15
AProf Ben Schram, Prof Wayne Hing, AProf Mike Climstein, AProf James Furness
Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity in which little scientific research exists. A review of the literature failed to identify a single article pertaining to the physiological demands of SUP competition. The purpose of this study was to conduct a performance analysis of a national level SUP marathon race. Ten elite SUP athletes (6 male, 4 female) were recruited from the Stand Up Paddle Surfing Association of Australia to have their race performance in the Australian Titles analyzed...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800679/plug-volume-modulated-dilution-generator-for-flask-free-chemistry
#16
Pei-Han Liu, Pawel L Urban
Dilution is one of the common chemical procedures, which are carried out in all chemistry laboratories - to prepare standard solutions with different concentrations for assay calibration, and to reduce matrix effects while handling complex samples. Yet dilution is mostly performed manually using large-volume manual liquid-handling tools (volumetric flasks, graduated cylinders, and pipettes). Here we describe a simple continuous and automated method of diluting complex samples and stock solutions using an Arduino-based control unit...
November 1, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782724/computer-aided-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-a-texton-based-approach
#17
Andrik Rampun, Bernie Tiddeman, Reyer Zwiggelaar, Paul Malcolm
PURPOSE: In this paper the authors propose a texton based prostate computer aided diagnosis approach which bypasses the typical feature extraction process such as filtering and convolution which can be computationally expensive. The study focuses the peripheral zone because 75% of prostate cancers start within this region and the majority of prostate cancers arising within this region are more aggressive than those arising in the transitional zone. METHODS: For the model development, square patches were extracted at random locations from malignant and benign regions...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775847/extrapolating-cetacean-densities-to-quantitatively-assess-human-impacts-on-populations-in-the-high-seas
#18
Laura Mannocci, Jason J Roberts, David L Miller, Patrick N Halpin
As human activities expand beyond national jurisdictions to the high seas, there is increasing need to consider anthropogenic impacts to species that inhabit these waters. The current scarcity of scientific observations of cetaceans in the high seas impedes the assessment of population-level impacts of these activities. This study is directed towards an important management need in the high seas-the development of plausible density estimates to facilitate a quantitative assessment of anthropogenic impacts on cetacean populations in these waters...
October 24, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769195/banning-traditional-birth-attendants-from-conducting-deliveries-experiences-and-effects-of-the-ban-in-a-rural-district-of-kazungula-in-zambia
#19
Chilala Cheelo, Selestine Nzala, Joseph M Zulu
BACKGROUND: In 2010 the government of the republic of Zambia stopped training traditional birth attendants and forbade them from conducting home deliveries as they were viewed as contributing to maternal mortality. This study explored positive and negative maternal health related experiences and effects of the ban in a rural district of Kazungula. METHODS: This was a phenomenological study and data were collected through focus group discussions as well as in-depth interviews with trained traditional birth attendants (tTBAs) and key informant interviews with six female traditional leaders that were selected one from each of the six zones...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736244/unpacking-the-black-box-applications-and-considerations-for-using-gps-devices-in-sport
#20
James J Malone, Ric Lovell, Matthew C Varley, Aaron J Coutts
Athlete tracking devices that include global positioning system (GPS) and micro electrical mechanical system (MEMS) components are now commonplace in sport research and practice. These devices provide large amounts of data that are used to inform decision-making on athlete training and performance. However, the data obtained from these devices are often provided without clear explanation of how these metrics are obtained. At present, there is no clear consensus regarding how these data should be handled and reported in a sport context...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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