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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303248/fitness-effects-of-10-month-frequent-low-volume-ball-game-training-or-interval-running-for-8-10-year-old-school-children
#1
Malte Nejst Larsen, Claus Malta Nielsen, Christina Ørntoft, Morten Bredsgaard Randers, Eva Wulff Helge, Mads Madsen, Vibeke Manniche, Lone Hansen, Peter Riis Hansen, Jens Bangsbo, Peter Krustrup
We investigated the exercise intensity and fitness effects of frequent school-based low-volume high-intensity training for 10 months in 8-10-year-old children. 239 Danish 3rd-grade school children from four schools were cluster-randomised into a control group (CON, n = 116) or two training groups performing either 5 × 12 min/wk small-sided football plus other ball games (SSG, n = 62) or interval running (IR, n = 61). Whole-body DXA scans, flamingo balance, standing long-jump, 20 m sprint, and Yo-Yo IR1 children's tests (YYIR1C) were performed before and after the intervention...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302182/qualitative-assessment-of-women-s-satisfaction-with-maternal-health-care-in-referral-hospitals-in-nigeria
#2
Friday Okonofua, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Abdullahi Randawa, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Available evidence suggests that the low use of antenatal, delivery, and post-natal services by Nigerian women may be due to their perceptions of low quality of care in health facilities. This study investigated the perceptions of women regarding their satisfaction with the maternity services offered in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with women in eight secondary and tertiary hospitals in four of the six geo-political zones of the country...
March 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301434/comparison-of-circumference-measures-and-height-weight-tables-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-assessment-of-body-composition-in-r-o-t-c-cadets
#3
Kelly L Pritchett, Katherine M Mitchell, Robert C Pritchett, David L Gee
Height-weight tables and circumference measures are used by the U.S. Army to predict body composition because they require little equipment/expertise. However, agreement between the Army's new 2002 circumference equation and an established laboratory technique has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to quantify agreement in body fat percentages between the Army's circumference measures (taping) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); second to determine categorical agreement between height-weight tables and DXA...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300551/role-of-caveolin-1-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-pathway-in-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-induced-angiogenesis-and-neurogenesis-after-treadmill-training-following-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-rats
#4
Qiongyi Pang, Huimei Zhang, Zhenzhen Chen, Yudan Wu, Min Yidian Bai Liu, Yun Zhao, Fengxia Tu, Chan Liu, Xiang Chen
Exercise is known to aid functional recovery following ischemia, though the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of exercise on recovery from ischemic stroke are not fully understood. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) contributes to angiogenesis and promotes neurologic functional recovery after stroke. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms whereby treadmill exercise ameliorated impaired angiogenesis and neurogenesis following transient cerebral ischemia in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats...
March 11, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288647/providers-of-antenatal-care-services-in-ghana-evidence-from-ghana-demographic-and-health-surveys-1988-2014
#5
Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care is one of the three most essential care - antenatal, delivery and post-natal, given to women during pregnancy and has the potential to contribute towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 3.1- reducing the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 and target 3.8 - achieve universal health coverage. The main objective is to examine the contribution of the various providers of antenatal care services in Ghana from 1988 to 2014...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287626/using-delaunay-triangulation-and-voronoi-tessellation-to-predict-the-toxicities-of-binary-mixtures-containing-hormetic-compound
#6
Rui Qu, Shu-Shen Liu, Qiao-Feng Zheng, Tong Li
Concentration addition (CA) was proposed as a reasonable default approach for the ecological risk assessment of chemical mixtures. However, CA cannot predict the toxicity of mixture at some effect zones if not all components have definite effective concentrations at the given effect, such as some compounds induce hormesis. In this paper, we developed a new method for the toxicity prediction of various types of binary mixtures, an interpolation method based on the Delaunay triangulation (DT) and Voronoi tessellation (VT) as well as the training set of direct equipartition ray design (EquRay) mixtures, simply IDVequ...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285525/geochemical-and-hydrologic-factors-controlling-subsurface-transport-of-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-cape-cod-massachusetts
#7
Andrea Kristina Weber, Larry B Barber, Denis R LeBlanc, Elsie M Sunderland, Chad David Vecitis
Growing evidence that certain poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are associated with negative human health effects prompted the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to issue lifetime drinking water health advisories for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in 2016. Given that groundwater is a major source of drinking water, the main objective of this work was to investigate geochemical and hydrological processes governing the subsurface transport of PFASs at a former fire training area (FTA) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, where PFAS-containing aqueous film-forming foams were used historically...
March 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285473/a-modern-case-series-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-reboa-in-an-out-of-hospital-combat-casualty-care-setting
#8
Justin D Manley, Benjamin J Mitchell, Joseph J DuBose, Todd E Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is used to mitigate bleeding and sustain central aortic pressure in the setting of shock. The ER-REBOA™ catheter is a new REBOA technology, previously reported only in the setting of civilian trauma and injury care. The use of REBOA in an out-of-hospital setting has not been reported, to our knowledge. METHODS: We present a case series of wartime injured patients cared for by a US Air Force Special Operations Surgical Team at an austere location fewer than 3km (5-10 minutes' transport) from point of injury and 2 hours from the next highest environment of care-a Role 2 equivalent...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278066/characterization-of-exposure-to-byproducts-from-firing-lead-free-frangible-ammunition-in-an-enclosed-ventilated-firing-range
#9
Christin M Grabinski, Mark M Methner, Jerimiah M Jackson, Alexander L Moore, Laura E Flory, Trevor Tilly, Saber M Hussain, Darrin K Ott
U.S. Air Force small arms firing ranges began using copper-based, lead-free frangible ammunition in the early 2000s due to environmental and health concerns related to the use of lead-based ammunition. Exposure assessments at these firing ranges have routinely detected chemicals and metals in amounts much lower than their mass-based occupational exposure limits, yet, instructors report work-related health concerns including respiratory distress, nausea, and headache. The objective of this study at one firing range was to characterize the aerosol emissions produced by weapons during firing events and evaluate the ventilation system's effectiveness in controlling instructor exposure to these emissions...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274030/intra-and-inter-observer-variability-of-transformation-zone-assessment-in-colposcopy-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-study
#10
Elizabeth Vallikad, Premalatha Thekkada Siddartha, Kiran Abhijit Kulkarni, Celine Firtion, Payal Keswarpu, Pallavi Vajinepalli, Sarif Naik, Lovi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Colposcopy is an important tool in the diagnosis of cervical precancer and early cancer. The assessment of women with abnormal cytology and selection of those who require further therapy or follow up depends on the colposcopic assessment of the Transformation Zone (TZ). Identification of the TZ is thus an important part of this examination. Intra and inter-observer variability is known to be relatively high in the colposcopic interpretation of abnormal features. However, there are hardly any studies on the observer variability in the assessment of the type of TZ...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253026/training-intensity-distribution-in-road-cyclists-objective-versus-subjective-measures
#11
Dajo Sanders, Tony Myers, Ibrahim Akubat
PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate training intensity distribution using different intensity measures based on session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE), heart rate (HR) and power output (PO) in well-trained cyclists. METHODS: Fifteen road cyclists participated in the study. Training data was collected during a 10-week training period. Training intensity distribution was quantified using HR, PO and sRPE categorized in a 3-zone training intensity model. Three zones for HR and PO were based around a first and second lactate threshold...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249578/assessment-of-primary-health-care-facilities-service-readiness-in-nigeria
#12
Abayomi Samuel Oyekale
BACKGROUND: Effective delivery of healthcare services requires availability of adequate infrastructure, diagnostic medical equipment, drugs and well-trained medical personnel. In Nigeria, poor funding and mismanagement often characterize healthcare service delivery thereby affecting coverage and quality of healthcare services. Therefore, the state of service delivery in Nigeria's health sector has come under some persistent criticisms. This paper analyzed service readiness of Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in Nigeria with focus on availability of some essential drugs and medical equipment...
March 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239667/disregard-of-neurological-impairments-associated-with-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-africa
#13
Emmanuel Quansah, Esther Sarpong, Thomas K Karikari
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect people in the bottom billion poorest in the world. These diseases are concentrated in rural areas, conflict zones and urban slums in Africa and other tropical areas. While the World Health Organization recognizes seventeen priority NTDs, the list of conditions present in Africa and elsewhere that are eligible to be classified as NTDs is much longer. Although NTDs are generally marginalized, their associated neurological burden has been almost completely disregarded...
June 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237545/enhancement-of-brain-plasticity-and-recovery-of-locomotive-function-after-lumbar-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-combination-with-gait-training-with-partial-weight-support-in-rats-with-cerebral-ischemia
#14
Yoon-Hee Choi, Shi-Uk Lee
Lumbar spinal cord stimulation (LSCS) is reportedly effective for the recovery of locomotive intraspinal neural network, motor cortex and basal ganglia in animals with complete spinal cord injury and parkinsonism. We evaluated the effect of LSCS in combination with gait training on the recovery of locomotive function and brain plasticity using a rat model of brain ischemia. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats with ischemia were randomly assigned into one of four groups: sham treatment (group 1), LSCS only (group 2), LSCS with gait training and 50% (group 3) and 80% (group 4) of body weight support...
February 22, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185581/does-decentralization-influence-efficiency-of-health-units-a-study-of-opinion-and-perception-of-health-workers-in-odisha
#15
Bhuputra Panda, Harshad P Thakur, Sanjay P Zodpey
BACKGROUND: Health systems in low and middle income countries are struggling to improve efficiency in the functioning of health units of which workforce is one of the most critical building blocks. In India, Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS) was established at every health unit as institutions of local decision making in order to improve productive efficiency and quality. Measuring efficiency of health units is a complex task. This study aimed at assessing the perception (opinion and satisfaction) of health workers about influence of RKS on improving efficiency of peripheral decision making health units (DMHU); examining differences between priority and non-priority set-ups; identifying predictors of satisfaction at work; and discussing suggestions to improve performance...
October 31, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176572/extreme-care-on-aids-wards
#16
Jackie Hunt
I was completely absorbed in your feature 'Nursing in a war zone' (1 February). As a night sister at the Middlesex Hospital in the 1980s, aged 25, I looked after patients with AIDS, without any training or warning of what I might encounter. I just found them shut away in side rooms.
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169029/the-contribution-of-volunteer-based-monitoring-data-to-the-assessment-of-harmful-phytoplankton-blooms-in-brazilian-urban-streams
#17
Davi Gasparini Fernandes Cunha, Simone Pereira Casali, Patrícia Bortoletto de Falco, Ian Thornhill, Steven Arthur Loiselle
Urban streams are vulnerable to a range of impacts, leading to the impairment of ecosystem services. However, studies on phytoplankton growth in tropical lotic systems are still limited. Citizen science approaches use trained volunteers to collect environmental data. We combined data on urban streams collected by volunteers with data obtained by professional scientists to identify potential drivers of phytoplankton community and determine thresholds for Cyanobacteria development. We combined datasets (n=117) on water quality and environmental observations in 64 Brazilian urban streams with paired data on phytoplankton...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168004/training-needs-and-perspectives-of-community-health-workers-in-relation-to-integrating-child-mental-health-care-into-primary-health-care-in-a-rural-setting-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Dejene Tilahun, Charlotte Hanlon, Mesfin Araya, Basiro Davey, Rosa A Hoekstra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Community health workers can help to address the substantial unmet need for child mental health care in low and middle income countries. However, little is known about their training needs for this potential role. The aim of this study was to examine training needs and perspectives of community health extension workers (HEWs) in relation to providing child mental health care in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region of Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149423/analysis-of-setting-efficacy-in-young-male-and-female-volleyball-players
#19
Jara González-Silva, Alberto Moreno Domínguez, Carmen Fernández-Echeverría, Fernando Claver Rabaz, M Perla Moreno Arroyo
The main objective of this study was to analyse the variables that predicted setting efficacy in complex I (KI) in volleyball, in formative categories and depending on gender. The study sample was comprised of 5842 game actions carried out by the 16 male category and the 18 female category teams that participated in the Under-16 Spanish Championship. The dependent variable was setting efficacy. The independent variables were grouped into: serve variables (a serve zone, the type of serve, striking technique, an in-game role of the server and serve direction), reception variables (a reception zone, a receiver player and reception efficacy) and setting variables (a setter's position, a setting zone, the type of a set, setting technique, a set's area and tempo of a set)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149380/effect-of-the-pitch-size-and-presence-of-goalkeepers-on-the-work-load-of-players-during-small-sided-soccer-games
#20
Karel Hulka, Radim Weisser, Jan Belka
Small-sided games (SSGs) are spontaneous forms of specific training where exercise intensity can be manipulated by modifying external factors. To ensure suitable usage of small-sided games in practice, we have to know which variables can influence internal responses and external loads. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of presence of a goalkeeper and the pitch size on internal responses and the external load during five-a-side soccer games. Twenty nine junior soccer players (age: 18...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
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