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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429645/homestead-food-production-and-maternal-and-child-dietary-diversity-in-nepal-variations-in-association-by-season-and-agroecological-zone
#1
Bishnu Dulal, Gary Mundy, Rojee Sawal, Pooja Pandey Rana, Kenda Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Suaahara, a large-scale integrated program, aimed to improve diets and nutritional status among women and children, in part by facilitating enhanced homestead food production (EHFP). OBJECTIVE: This study examines associations between EHFP and maternal and child dietary diversity and variations by season and agroecological zone (AEZ): mountains and terai. METHODS: We used data from household monitoring surveys (n = 2101 mothers; n = 994 children, 6-23 months), which included a 7-day dietary recall and maternal report on participation in 5 EHFP activities-received vegetable seeds, chicks, and technical support and participated in training and EHFP groups...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419096/determinants-of-neonatal-mortality-in-rural-northern-ethiopia-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#2
Robel Yirgu, Mitike Molla, Lynn Sibley
INTRODUCTION: In low income and middle income countries, neonatal mortality remains high despite the gradual reduction in under five mortality. Newborn death contributes for about 38% of all under five deaths. This study has identified the magnitude and independent predictors of neonatal mortality in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: This population based nested case control study was conducted in rural West Gojam zone, Northern Ethiopia, among a cohort of pregnant women who gave birth between March 2011 and Feb 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416009/use-of-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-surveys-to-evaluate-community-health-worker-performance-in-rural-zambia-a-case-of-luangwa-district
#3
Moses Mwanza, Japhet Zulu, Stephanie M Topp, Patrick Musonda, Wilbroad Mutale, Roma Chilengi
BACKGROUND: The Better Health Outcomes through Mentoring and Assessment (BHOMA) project is a cluster randomized controlled trial aimed at reducing age-standardized mortality rates in three rural districts through involvement of Community Health Workers (CHWs), Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs), and Neighborhood Health Committees (NHCs). CHWs conduct quarterly surveys on all households using a questionnaire that captures key health events occurring within their catchment population. In order to validate contact with households, we utilize the Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS) methodology...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409907/the-roles-of-prostate-specific-antigen-psa-density-prostate-volume-and-their-zone-adjusted-derivatives-in-predicting-prostate-cancer-in-patients-with-psa-less-than-20-0%C3%A2-ng-ml
#4
P Shen, J Zhao, G Sun, N Chen, X Zhang, H Gui, Y Yang, J Liu, K Shu, Z Wang, H Zeng
The aim of this study was to develop nomograms for predicting prostate cancer and its zonal location using prostate-specific antigen density, prostate volume, and their zone-adjusted derivatives. A total of 928 consecutive patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) less than 20.0 ng/mL, who underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided transperineal 12-core prostate biopsy at West China Hospital between 2011 and 2014, were retrospectively enrolled. The patients were randomly split into training cohort (70%, n = 650) and validation cohort (30%, n = 278)...
May 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391685/impact-of-isco-treatment-on-pfaa-co-contaminants-at-a-former-fire-training-area
#5
Dylan Eberle, Raymond Ball, Thomas B Boving
The effects of an in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) treatment aimed predominantly at remediation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds (cVOCs) and perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) co-contaminants were investigated. Soil and groundwater samples were collected before and after an ISCO pilot-scale field test of a peroxone activated persulfate (OxyZone) technology. Statistically significant decreases in PFAA groundwater concentrations were observed in post-treatment samples. Reductions in PFAA aqueous phase concentrations were also supported by decreases in soil concentrations...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385303/assessment-of-a-tele-education-system%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-enhance-retinopathy-of-prematurity-training-by-international-ophthalmologists-in-training-in-mexico
#6
Samir N Patel, Maria Ana Martinez-Castellanos, David Berrones-Medina, Ryan Swan, Michael C Ryan, Karyn E Jonas, Susan Ostmo, J Peter Campbell, Michael F Chiang, R V Paul Chan
PURPOSE: To evaluate a tele-education system developed to improve diagnostic competency in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by ophthalmologists-in-training in Mexico. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-eight ophthalmology residents and fellows from a training program in Mexico consented to participate. Twenty-nine of 58 trainees (50%) were randomized to the educational intervention (pretest, ROP tutorial, ROP educational chapters, and posttest), and 29 of 58 trainees (50%) were randomized to a control group (pretest and posttest only)...
April 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383410/a-novel-system-for-predicting-liver-histopathology-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#7
An-Na Pan, Wang-Wang Xu, Yun-Lin Luo, Huan-Huan Yu, Yi-Bing Hu, Qing-Feng Sun, Ji-Guang Ding, Yang-He Wu
There is currently a lack of reliable, reproducible, and easily applied methods for assessing changes in liver histology in patients in the gray zone phase of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Therefore, we aimed to develop a novel predictive scoring system to detect significant liver histological changes in these patients.A total of 388 patients in the gray zone phase of CHB who underwent liver biopsy were divided into a training group and a validation group, and their clinical and routinely available laboratory parameters were analyzed using univariate analysis, Spearman correlation analysis, and logistic modeling...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376823/training-and-deployment-of-medical-doctors-in-tanzania-post-1990s-health-sector-reforms-assessing-the-achievements
#8
Nathanael Sirili, Angwara Kiwara, Frumence Gasto, Isabel Goicolea, Anna-Karin Hurtig
BACKGROUND: The shortage of a skilled health workforce is a global crisis. International efforts to combat the crisis have shown few benefits; therefore, more country-specific efforts are required. Tanzania adopted health sector reforms in the 1990s to ensure, among other things, availability of an adequate skilled health workforce. Little is documented on how the post-reform training and deployment of medical doctors (MDs) have contributed to resolving Tanzania's shortage of doctors...
April 4, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374077/machine-learning-based-analysis-of-mr-radiomics-can-help-to-improve-the-diagnostic-performance-of-pi-rads-v2-in-clinically-relevant-prostate-cancer
#9
Jing Wang, Chen-Jiang Wu, Mei-Ling Bao, Jing Zhang, Xiao-Ning Wang, Yu-Dong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether machine learning-based analysis of MR radiomics can help improve the performance PI-RADS v2 in clinically relevant prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: This IRB-approved study included 54 patients with PCa undergoing multi-parametric (mp) MRI before prostatectomy. Imaging analysis was performed on 54 tumours, 47 normal peripheral (PZ) and 48 normal transitional (TZ) zone based on histological-radiological correlation. Mp-MRI was scored via PI-RADS, and quantified by measuring radiomic features...
April 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368958/a-field-based-cycling-test-to-assess-predictors-of-endurance-performance-and-establishing-training-zones
#10
Dajo Sanders, Richard J Taylor, Tony Myers, Ibrahim Akubat
This study evaluates the relationship between a field-based 8-min time trial (8MTT) and physiological endurance variables assessed with an incremental laboratory test. Secondly, lactate thresholds assessed in the laboratory were compared to estimated functional threshold power (FTP) from the 8MTT. Nineteen well-trained road cyclists (aged 22 ± 2 yr, height 185.9 ± 4.5 cm, weight 72.8 ± 4.6 kg, VO2max 64 ± 4 ml·min·kg) participated. Linear regression revealed that mean 8MTT power output (PO) was strongly to very strongly related to PO at 4 mmol[BULLET OPERATOR]L, PO at initial rise of 1...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364928/costing-analysis-and-anthropological-assessment-of-the-vaccine-supply-chain-system-redesign-in-the-com%C3%A3-district-benin
#11
Xiao Xian Huang, Elise Guillermet, Jean-Bernard Le Gargasson, Daleb Abdoulaye Alfa, Romule Gbodja, Adanmavokin Justin Sossou, Phillippe Jaillard
OBJECTIVE: At the end of 2013, a pilot experiment was carried out in Comé health zone (HZ) in an attempt to optimize the vaccine supply chain. Four commune vaccine storage facilities were replaced by one central HZ facility. This study evaluated the incremental financial needs for the establishment of the new system; compared the economic cost of the supply chain in the Comé HZ before and after the system redesign; and analyzed the changes induced by the pilot project in immunization logistics management...
April 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361817/epilepsy-is-there-hope
#12
REVIEW
Carlos A M Guerreiro
Epilepsy is a highly prevalent chronic neurologic disorder and leads to social, behavioural, health and economic consequences. 'Treatment gap' varies from 10 per cent in developed countries to 75 per cent in low-income countries. Stigma and discrimination related to epilepsy are prevalent worldwide. Electroencephalography (EEG) is considered the most important tool for evaluating the patient with epilepsy. Video-EEG monitoring is an important tool for confirming the seizure type and estimating the epileptogenic zone in the brain...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349669/polymorphism-in-emergence-of-deciduous-dentition-a-cross-sectional-study-of-indian-children
#13
Pratik Kariya, Shobha Tandon, Sweta Singh, Nitesh Tewari
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the timing and sequence of the eruption of deciduous teeth in Indian children. METHOD: This cross-sectional study focused on children aged 5-36 months. One hospital was randomly selected from four geographic zones of the city. A total of 400 children from each hospital, fulfilling the inclusion criteria, constituted the sample. The examination was carried out by a single, trained examiner. The tooth was recorded as "present" or "absent" on the day of examination...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337804/endo-2017-weo-s-successful-first-world-congress-of-gi-endoscopy
#14
EDITORIAL
Jean-François Rey
For more than 50 years, the World Endoscopy Organization (WEO) has promoted the study and advancement of digestive endoscopy around the globe. Our key efforts have been to promote education and training in digestive endoscopy, and to forge close links with the the WEO zones: Asian Pacific Society of Digestive Endoscopy (A-PSDE), European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE), and Inter-American Society of Digestive Endoscopy (SIED). With increased interaction and connectivity between different global regions, our goal to support the advancement of endoscopy in underserved areas of the world has been strengthened...
March 24, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336472/comparison-of-strategies-for-grading-retinal-images-of-premature-infants-for-referral-warranted-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#15
David L Rogers, Don L Bremer, Rae R Fellows, Agnieshka Baumritter, Ebenezer Daniel, Max Pastilli, Gui-Shang Ying, Graham E Quinn
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of identifying referral-warranted retinopathy of prematurity (RW-ROP, defined as any zone I ROP, stage 3 or worse, or plus disease) from retinal image sets using three grading protocols: a single optic disk-centered image, a set of 3 horizontal images, and a 5-image set. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of images from the e-ROP study, a weighted sample of 250 image sets from 250 infants (125 with RW-ROP and 125 without RW-ROP) was randomly selected...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333613/collaborative-management-of-neurocognitive-disorders-in-primary-care-explorations-of-an-attempt-at-culture-change
#16
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
INTRODUCTION: Minor neurocognitive disorder (MiND; previously mild cognitive impairment) is a transitional zone between normal cognitive function and early stages of major neurocognitive disorder (previously called dementia). Of people with MiND, 5% to 10% progress to major neurocognitive disorder. Simple interventions such as memory activities, balance exercises, and anti-inflammatory diets have been shown to improve cognitive ability. Also, education and support in group settings have proved beneficial for patients with MiND...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325241/radiation-oncology-in-the-developing-economies-of-central-and-eastern-europe
#17
REVIEW
Natia Esiashvili
Eastern Europe is represented by 22 countries of significant variability in population density and degree of economic development. They have been affected by past geopolitical isolation due to their association with the "Soviet Block." Currently, all Eastern European countries except Slovenia are low- or middle-income level and 10 of them are part of European Union. Health care systems in Central and Eastern Europe have been influenced by the legacy of centralized soviet-era governance; however, most countries, particularly in European Union zone, have gone through health care reforms directed toward modernizing infrastructure and staffing...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303248/fitness-effects-of-10-month-frequent-low-volume-ball-game-training-or-interval-running-for-8-10-year-old-school-children
#18
Malte Nejst Larsen, Claus Malta Nielsen, Christina Ørntoft, Morten Bredsgaard Randers, Eva Wulff Helge, Mads Madsen, Vibeke Manniche, Lone Hansen, Peter Riis Hansen, Jens Bangsbo, Peter Krustrup
We investigated the exercise intensity and fitness effects of frequent school-based low-volume high-intensity training for 10 months in 8-10-year-old children. 239 Danish 3rd-grade school children from four schools were cluster-randomised into a control group (CON, n = 116) or two training groups performing either 5 × 12 min/wk small-sided football plus other ball games (SSG, n = 62) or interval running (IR, n = 61). Whole-body DXA scans, flamingo balance, standing long-jump, 20 m sprint, and Yo-Yo IR1 children's tests (YYIR1C) were performed before and after the intervention...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302182/qualitative-assessment-of-women-s-satisfaction-with-maternal-health-care-in-referral-hospitals-in-nigeria
#19
Friday Okonofua, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Abdullahi Randawa, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Available evidence suggests that the low use of antenatal, delivery, and post-natal services by Nigerian women may be due to their perceptions of low quality of care in health facilities. This study investigated the perceptions of women regarding their satisfaction with the maternity services offered in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with women in eight secondary and tertiary hospitals in four of the six geo-political zones of the country...
March 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301434/comparison-of-circumference-measures-and-height-weight-tables-with-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-assessment-of-body-composition-in-r-o-t-c-cadets
#20
Kelly L Pritchett, Katherine M Mitchell, Robert C Pritchett, David L Gee
Height-weight tables and circumference measures are used by the U.S. Army to predict body composition because they require little equipment/expertise. However, agreement between the Army's new 2002 circumference equation and an established laboratory technique has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to quantify agreement in body fat percentages between the Army's circumference measures (taping) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA); second to determine categorical agreement between height-weight tables and DXA...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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