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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673445/the-relationship-between-japanese-encephalitis-and-environmental-factors-in-china-explored-using-national-surveillance-data
#1
Xiao Xia Huang, Lei Yan, Xiao Yan Gao, Yu Huan Ren, Shi Hong Fu, Yu Xi Cao, Ying He, Wen Wen Lei, Guo Dong Liang, Shi Wen Wang, Huan Yu Wang
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a serious public health issue. This study was undertaken to better understand the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors in China. JE data from 2005 to 2010 were retrieved from National Notifiable Disease Report System. ArcGIS, remote sensing techniques, and R software was used to exhibit and explore the relationship between JE distribution and environmental factors. Our results indicated that JE cases were mostly concentrated in warm-temperate, semitropical and tropical zones with annual precipitation > 400 mm; Broad-leaved evergreen forest, shrubs, paddy field, irrigated land, dryland, evergreen coniferous forest, and shrubland were risk factors for JE occurrence, and the former five were risk factors for counties with high JE incidence...
March 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662954/crystal-nucleation-in-metallic-alloys-using-x-ray-radiography-and-machine-learning
#2
Enzo Liotti, Carlos Arteta, Andrew Zisserman, Andrew Lui, Victor Lempitsky, Patrick S Grant
The crystallization of solidifying Al-Cu alloys over a wide range of conditions was studied in situ by synchrotron x-ray radiography, and the data were analyzed using a computer vision algorithm trained using machine learning. The effect of cooling rate and solute concentration on nucleation undercooling, crystal formation rate, and crystal growth rate was measured automatically for thousands of separate crystals, which was impossible to achieve manually. Nucleation undercooling distributions confirmed the efficiency of extrinsic grain refiners and gave support to the widely assumed free growth model of heterogeneous nucleation...
April 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649523/prediction-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-walnut-juglans-regia-l-kernel-aqueous-extracts-using-artificial-neural-network-and-multiple-linear-regression
#3
Hatice Kavuncuoglu, Erhan Kavuncuoglu, Seyda Merve Karatas, Büsra Benli, Osman Sagdic, Hasan Yalcin
The mathematical model was established to determine the diameter of inhibition zone of the walnut extract on the twelve bacterial species. Type of extraction, concentration, and pathogens were taken as input variables. Two models were used with the aim of designing this system. One of them was developed with artificial neural networks (ANN), and the other was formed with multiple linear regression (MLR). Four common training algorithms were used. Levenberg-Marquardt (LM), Bayesian regulation (BR), scaled conjugate gradient (SCG) and resilient back propagation (RP) were investigated, and the algorithms were compared...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643828/lateralization-of-sucrose-responsiveness-and-non-associative-learning-in-honeybees
#4
David Baracchi, Elisa Rigosi, Gabriela de Brito Sanchez, Martin Giurfa
Lateralization is a fundamental property of the human brain that affects perceptual, motor, and cognitive processes. It is now acknowledged that left-right laterality is widespread across vertebrates and even some invertebrates such as fruit flies and bees. Honeybees, which learn to associate an odorant (the conditioned stimulus, CS) with sucrose solution (the unconditioned stimulus, US), recall this association better when trained using their right antenna than they do when using their left antenna. Correspondingly, olfactory sensilla are more abundant on the right antenna and odor encoding by projection neurons of the right antennal lobe results in better odor differentiation than those of the left one...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626055/internal-workload-and-non-contact-injury-a-one-season-study-of-five-teams-from-the-uefa-elite-club-injury-study
#5
Alan McCall, Gregory Dupont, Jan Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: Internal workload (ie, from training and matches) is considered one of the most important injury risk factors for elite European football teams, however there is little published evidence to support this belief. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association and predictive power of internal workload and non-contact injuries. METHODS: Five elite European teams, 171 players (age: 25.1±4.9 years; height: 181.6±6.7 cm; body mass: 77...
April 6, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619391/neck-back-and-shoulder-pains-and-ergonomic-factors-among-dental-students
#6
Raha Habib Aghahi, Rezvan Darabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
BACKGROUND: Dynamic and static activities in dentistry cause musculoskeletal disorders, but dental students do not have sufficient awareness about the effects of ergonomic factors on their health. The aim of this study was to investigate ergonomic factors that cause pain muscle in dental students in Kerman Medical University, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis study was carried out on dental students of the 3rd , 4th , 5th , and 6th year, in clinical practice in the School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611774/examining-physiotherapist-use-of-structured-aerobic-exercise-testing-to-decrease-barriers-to-aerobic-exercise
#7
Evan Foster B Sc, Julia E Fraser, Elizabeth L Inness PhD, Sarah Munce, Louis Biasin, Vivien Poon, Mark Bayley
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of physiotherapist-administered aerobic exercise testing/training, the proportion of physiotherapists who administer this testing/training, and the barriers that currently exist across different practice environments. A secondary objective is to identify the learning needs of physiotherapists for the development of an education curriculum in aerobic exercise testing and training with electrocardiograph (ECG) administration and interpretation. DESIGN: National, cross-sectional survey...
April 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608421/implementing-wearable-sensors-for-continuous-assessment-of-daytime-heart-rate-response-in-inpatient-rehabilitation
#8
Douglas L Weeks, Gina L Sprint, Virgeen Stilwill, Amy Lou Meisen-Vehrs, Diane J Cook
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether wearable heart rate (HR) sensors can be worn continuously in inpatient rehabilitation to assess cardiorespiratory training response. If feasible, these sensors offer a low-cost low-maintenance method for assessing HR response in this setting. We determined feasibility of wearable sensors for assessing HR response to daytime therapy activities in inpatient rehabilitation within a cardiorespiratory training zone equal to 55-80% of maximal HR (target HR [THR]) for at least two 10-min bouts, 3-5 days per week...
April 2, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602979/influence-of-training-level-on-cervical-cone-size-and-resection-margin-status-at-conization-a-retrospective-study
#9
Eliana Montanari, Christoph Grimm, Richard Schwameis, Lorenz Kuessel, Stephan Polterauer, Chiara Paternostro, Heinrich Husslein
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether a surgeon's training level influences the rate of incomplete resections or the amount of resected cervical tissue in women treated with large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). METHODS: The present study is a retrospective analysis of the data of women who had undergone LLETZ for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) within the years 2004-2008 at the Medical University of Vienna. Women were grouped according to the level of training of the operating surgeon (i...
March 30, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599869/variables-that-predict-serve-efficacy-in-elite-men-s-volleyball-with-different-quality-of-opposition-sets
#10
Álvaro Valhondo, Carmen Fernández-Echeverría, Jara González-Silva, Fernando Claver, M Perla Moreno
The objective of this study was to determine the variables that predicted serve efficacy in elite men's volleyball, in sets with different quality of opposition. 3292 serve actions were analysed, of which 2254 were carried out in high quality of opposition sets and 1038 actions were in low quality of opposition sets, corresponding to a total of 24 matches played during the Men's European Volleyball Championships held in 2011. The independent variables considered in this study were the serve zone, serve type, serving player, serve direction, reception zone, receiving player and reception type; the dependent variable was serve efficacy and the situational variable was quality of opposition sets...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594496/pdhs-elm-computational-predictor-for-plant-dnase-i-hypersensitive-sites-based-on-extreme-learning-machines
#11
Shanxin Zhang, Minjun Chang, Zhiping Zhou, Xiaofeng Dai, Zhenghong Xu
DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs) are hallmarks of chromatin zones containing transcriptional regulatory elements, making them critical in understanding the regulatory mechanisms of gene expression. Although large amounts of DHSs in the plant genome have been identified by high-throughput techniques, current DHSs obtained from experimental methods cover only a fraction of plant species and cell processes. Furthermore, these experimental methods are both time-consuming and expensive. Hence, it is urgent to develop automated computational means to efficiently and accurately predict DHSs in the plant genome...
March 29, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579071/hmmer-cut-off-threshold-tool-hmmerctter-supervised-classification-of-superfamily-protein-sequences-with-a-reliable-cut-off-threshold
#12
Inti Anabela Pagnuco, María Victoria Revuelta, Hernán Gabriel Bondino, Marcel Brun, Arjen Ten Have
BACKGROUND: Protein superfamilies can be divided into subfamilies of proteins with different functional characteristics. Their sequences can be classified hierarchically, which is part of sequence function assignation. Typically, there are no clear subfamily hallmarks that would allow pattern-based function assignation by which this task is mostly achieved based on the similarity principle. This is hampered by the lack of a score cut-off that is both sensitive and specific. RESULTS: HMMER Cut-off Threshold Tool (HMMERCTTER) adds a reliable cut-off threshold to the popular HMMER...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571121/prediction-of-secondary-generalization-from-a-focal-onset-seizure-in-intracerebral-eeg
#13
P A Karthick, Hideaki Tanaka, Hui Ming Khoo, Jean Gotman
OBJECTIVE: We propose a system based on the first five seconds of intracerebrally recorded focal seizures to predict their evolution from focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure (FTC), to spread outside the onset zone but without tonic-clonic component (FS), or to a seizure remaining focal (F). METHODS: Nineteen time and frequency domain features were extracted from 39 seizures of 32 patients and were subjected to support vector machine based classification. Three prediction approaches regarding seizure evolution were (1) FTC vs FS vs F, (2) FTC vs FS or F and (3) FTC or FS vs F...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567051/effects-of-therapy-with-semi-occluded-vocal-tract-and-choir-training-on-voice-in-adult-individuals-with-congenital-isolated-untreated-growth-hormone-deficiency
#14
Bruna M R de Andrade, Eugenia H O Valença, Roberto Salvatori, Anita H O Souza, Luiz A Oliveira-Neto, Alaíde H A Oliveira, Mario C P Oliveira, Enaldo V Melo, Michelle S Andrade, Carolina A Freitas, Michela P Santos, Fillipe A Custodio, Gisane C Monteiro, Susana de Carvalho, Manuel H Aguiar-Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: Voice is produced by the vibration of the vocal folds expressed by its fundamental frequency (Hz), whereas the formants (F) are fundamental frequency multiples, indicating amplification zones of the vowels in the vocal tract. We have shown that lifetime isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) causes high pitch voice, with higher values of most formant frequencies, maintaining a prepuberal acoustic prediction. The objectives of this work were to verify the effects of the therapy with a semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVTT) and choir training on voice in these subjects with IGHD...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554964/implementing-community-based-health-planning-and-services-in-impoverished-urban-communities-health-workers-perspective
#15
Adanna Uloaku Nwameme, Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Philip Baba Adongo
BACKGROUND: Three-quarters of sub-Saharan Africa's urban population currently live under slum conditions making them susceptible to ill health and diseases. Ghana characterizes the situation in many developing countries where the urban poor have become a group much afflicted by complex health problems associated with their living conditions, and the intra-city inequity between them and the more privileged urban dwellers with respect to health care accessibility. Adopting Ghana's rural Community-Based Health Planning and Service (CHPS) programme in urban areas is challenging due to the differences in social networks and health challenges thus making modifications necessary...
March 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547926/causes-of-death-in-military-working-dogs-during-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-2001-2013
#16
Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547118/digital-replantation-in-forward-surgical-units-a-cases-study
#17
Laurent Mathieu, Michel Levadoux, Emmanuel Soucany de Landevoisin, Tarun J McBride Windsor, Sylvain Rigal
INTRODUCTION: Noncombat-related hand injuries are common in current theatres of operations. Crushing is one of the most frequent mechanisms that may cause traumatic amputations of digits. In the military setting, management of these digital amputations is challenging regarding limitation in microsurgical means in medical treatment facilities and aeromedical evacuation delays out of the combat zone. METHODS: Two cases of digital replantation performed in French forward surgical units are described...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535585/effect-of-endurance-training-on-the-lactate-and-glucose-minimum-intensities
#18
Pedro B Junior, Vitor L de Andrade, Eduardo Z Campos, Carlos A Kalva-Filho, Alessandro M Zagatto, Gustavo G de Araújo, Marcelo Papoti
Due to the controversy about the sensitive of lactate minimum intensity (LMI) to training and the need to develop other tool for aerobic fitness evaluation, the purpose of this study was to analyze the sensitivity of glucose minimum intensity (GMI) and LMI to endurance training. Eight trained male cyclists (21.4 ± 1.9 years, 67.6 ± 7.5 kg and 1.72 ± 0.10 m) were evaluated twice, before and after 12 weeks of training. GMI and LMI were calculated, respectively, by the lowest blood glucose and lactate values attained during an incremental test performed after a hyperlactemia induction, and VO2 max was determined during standard incremental effort...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535051/a-national-telemedicine-network-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening
#19
Diego Ossandón, Mario Zanolli, Ricardo Stevenson, Ricardo Agurto, Paula Ortiz, Gad Dotan
PURPOSE: To report the results of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening by a telemedicine system in Chile and evaluate its usefulness for referring patients who require treatment. METHODS: Premature infants at risk of developing ROP from 11 neonatal intensive care units were included. Screening was performed on all infants born at a gestational age of <32 weeks and/or birth weight of <1500 g. A trained nonphysician operator used an imaging system to capture retinal images, which were reviewed by two independent ROP experts...
March 10, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519909/principles-for-designing-and-delivering-psychosocial-and-mental-healthcare
#20
REVIEW
Richard Williams, V Kemp
The development of the UK's military policy includes the potential for military organisations to deploy in support of humanitarian aid operations. This paper offers an overview of the risks to people's mental health of their exposure to emergencies, major incidents, disasters, terrorism, displacement, postconflict environments in which humanitarian aid is delivered, and deployments to conflict zones. It summarises the psychosocial approach recommended by many contemporary researchers and practitioners. It differentiates the extremely common experience of distress from the mental disorders that people who are affected may develop and introduces the construct of psychosocial resilience...
March 8, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
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