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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231432/-scalp-acupuncture-for-epileptiform-discharges-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Suyun Li, Zhenhuan Liu, Wenjian Zhao, Bingxu Jin, Nuo Li, Guanjun Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of scalp acupuncture for children with cerebral palsy whose video-electroencephalogram(VEEG) showed epileptiform discharges. METHODS: A total of 184 children with cerebral palsy whose VEEG showed epileptiform discharges or those combined with epilepsy were randomly assigned into a combination group (99 cases) and a rehabilitation group (85 cases). All the cases were treated with the original antiepileptic drugs. The conventional physical training and massage were applied in the rehabilitation group for 3 courses with 20 d at the interval, once a day, 5 times a week and 15 times as one course...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230388/blood-body-fluid-exposure-and-needle-stick-sharp-injury-among-nurses-working-in-public-hospitals-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Yeshitila Belay Belachew, Tefera Belachew Lema, Gugssa Nemera Germossa, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew
Background: Every health professional around the world is at risk of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury as a result of exposure to blood or body fluids and needle or sharp injuries. However, the extent of these hazards and their driving forces are not well documented in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of blood/body fluid exposure and needle stick/sharp injury among nurses working in Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based census was conducted among 318 nurses working in Jimma zone public hospitals from March 10 to 30, 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209537/health-extension-workers-improve-tuberculosis-case-finding-and-treatment-outcome-in-ethiopia-a-large-scale-implementation-study
#3
Daniel G Datiko, Mohammed A Yassin, Sally J Theobald, Lucie Blok, Sahu Suvanand, Jacob Creswell, Luis E Cuevas
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of death in Ethiopia. One of the main barriers for TB control is the lack of access to health services. Methods: We evaluated a diagnostic and treatment service for TB based on the health extension workers (HEW) of the Ethiopian Health Extension Programme in Sidama Zone, with 3.5 million population. We added the services to the HEW routines and evaluated their effect over 4.5 years. 1024 HEWs were trained to identify individuals with symptoms of TB, request sputum samples and prepare smears...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197203/positive-impact-of-prescribed-physical-activity-on-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Dorde Curcic, Tamara Stojmenovic, Slavica Djukic-Dejanovic, Nenad Dikic, Milica Vesic-Vukasinovic, Nenad Radivojevic, Marija Andjelkovic, Milica Borovcanin, Gorica Djokic
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine functional capacity of cardio-respiratory system in patients with schizophrenia, and to evaluate the effects of 12 weeks prescribed physical activity on aerobic capacity and symptoms of schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study involved 80 hospitalized patients with any of the subtypes of schizophrenia (42 men, 38 women). They were divided into two groups: exercise and control group, both with 40 patients. Maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max) as an indicator of cardiovascular fitness has been obtained by cardiopulmonary stress test on a treadmill...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182410/the-effect-of-periodisation-and-training-intensity-distribution-on-middle-and-long-distance-running-performance-a-systematic-review
#5
Mark Kenneally, Arturo Casado, Jordan Santos-Concejero
This review aimed to examine the current evidence for three primary training intensity distribution types; 1) Pyramidal Training, 2) Polarised Training and 3) Threshold Training. Where possible, we calculated training intensity zones relative to the goal race pace, rather than physiological or subjective variables. We searched 3 electronic databases in May 2017 (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science) for original research articles. After analysing 493 resultant original articles, studies were included if they met the following criteria: a) participants were middle- or long-distance runners; b) studies analysed training intensity distribution in the form of observational reports, case studies or interventions; c) studies were published in peer-reviewed journals and d) studies analysed training programs with a duration of 4 weeks or longer...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180156/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-inclusion-survey-of-campus-climate-in-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy
#6
Anita N Jacobson, Kelly L Matson, Jennifer L Mathews, Amy L Parkhill, Thomas A Scartabello
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To quantify the implementation of inclusive policies and benefits as well as institutional commitment to support LGBT faculty, staff, and students in pharmacy schools nationwide. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An anonymous, electronic survey was sent to administrators at 130 pharmacy schools. Forty-four survey responses were received, indicating a 34% response rate. The survey included questions relating to campus climate, inclusive policies and benefits, and institutional commitments to the LGBT community...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179778/determining-requirements-for-patient-centred-care-a-participatory-concept-mapping-study
#7
Kathryn Ogden, Jennifer Barr, David Greenfield
BACKGROUND: Recognition of a need for patient-centred care is not new, however making patient-centred care a reality remains a challenge to organisations. We need empirical studies to extend current understandings, create new representations of the complexity of patient-centred care, and guide collective action toward patient-centred health care. To achieve these ends, the research aim was to empirically determine what organisational actions are required for patient-centred care to be achieved...
November 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162117/community-based-intervention-to-prevent-domestic-violence-against-women-in-the-reproductive-age-in-northwestern-ethiopia-a-protocol-for-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Agumasie Semahegn, Kwasi Torpey, Abubakar Manu, Nega Assefa, Augustine Ankomah
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a well understood devastating global pandemic, and human right violation. One in three women experienced intimate partner violence worldwide. In Ethiopia, the level of domestic violence against women is one of the highest in the world. However, Ethiopia is signatory for various conventions and incorporated in legal frameworks. Nevertheless, effective implementation of the existing policy documents, and engaging different stakeholders is very limited...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157334/in-flight-decision-making-by-general-aviation-pilots-operating-in-areas-of-extreme-thunderstorms
#9
Douglas D Boyd
BACKGROUND: General aviation (comprised mainly of noncommercial, light aircraft) accounts for 94% of civil aviation fatalities in the United States. Although thunderstorms are hazardous to light aircraft, little research has been undertaken on in-flight pilot decision-making regarding their avoidance. The study objectives were: 1) to determine if the thunderstorm accident rate has declined over the last two decades; and 2) assess in-flight (enroute/landing) airman decision-making regarding adherence to FAA separation minima from thunderstorms...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145463/the-chicken-or-the-egg-exploring-bi-directional-associations-between-newcastle-disease-vaccination-and-village-chicken-flock-size-in-rural-tanzania
#10
Julia de Bruyn, Peter C Thomson, Brigitte Bagnol, Wende Maulaga, Elpidius Rukambile, Robyn G Alders
Newcastle disease (ND) is a viral disease of poultry with global importance, responsible for the loss of a potential source of household nutrition and economic livelihood in many low-income food-deficit countries. Periodic outbreaks of this endemic disease result in high mortality amongst free-ranging chicken flocks and may serve as a disincentive for rural households to invest time or resources in poultry-keeping. Sustainable ND control can be achieved through vaccination using a thermotolerant vaccine administered via eyedrop by trained "community vaccinators"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145285/degeneration-of-paramedian-nuclei-in-the-thalamus-induces-holmes-tremor-in-a-case-of-artery-of-percheron-infarction
#11
Tz-Shiang Wei, Chun-Sheng Hsu, Yu-Chun Lee, Shin-Tsu Chang
RATIONALE: Holmes' tremor is an uncommon neurologic disorder following brain insults, and its pathogenesis is undefined. The interruption of the dento-rubro-thalamic tract and secondary deterioration of the nigrostriatal pathway are both required to initiate Holmes' tremor. We used nuclear medicine imaging tools to analyze a patient with concurrent infarction in different zones of each side of the thalamus. Finding whether the paramedian nuclear groups of the thalamus were injured was a decisive element for developing Holmes' tremor...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140908/heart-rate-monitoring-in-basketball-applications-player-responses-and-practical-recommendations
#12
Daniel M Berkelmans, Vincent J Dalbo, Crystal O Kean, Zoran Milanović, Emilija Stojanović, Nenad Stojiljković, Aaron T Scanlan
The aims of this review were to collate the existing literature encompassing heart rate (HR) monitoring in basketball to: (i) identify the applications of HR measurement; (ii) report HR responses in male and female players during training and game-play; (iii) evaluate use of current HR-based training load models; and (iv) provide recommendations for future research and best practice approaches for basketball practitioners. HR monitoring in basketball carries three primary applications: (i) monitoring exercise intensity; (ii) assessing player fatigue status; and (iii) quantifying internal training load...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132940/bullseye-s-representation-of-cerebral-white-matter-hyperintensities
#13
C H Sudre, B G Anson, I Davagnanam, A Schmitt, A F Mendelson, F Prados, L Smith, D Atkinson, A D Hughes, N Chaturvedi, M J Cardoso, F Barkhof, H R Jaeger, S Ourselin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Visual rating scales have limited capacities to depict the regional distribution of cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH). We present a regional-zonal volumetric analysis alongside a visualization tool to compare and deconstruct visual rating scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D T1-weighted, T2-weighted spin-echo and FLAIR images were acquired on a 3T system, from 82 elderly participants in a population-based study. Images were automatically segmented for WMH...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122802/emergency-obstetric-care-provision-in-southern-ethiopia-a-facility-based-survey
#14
Mitchell Windsma, Tienke Vermeiden, Floris Braat, Andualem Mengistu Tsegaye, Asheber Gaym, Thomas van den Akker, Jelle Stekelenburg
OBJECTIVES: To assess the provision of basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC), knowledge of high-risk pregnancies and referral capacity at health centres in Southern Ethiopia. DESIGN: A facility-based survey, using an abbreviated version of the Averting Maternal Death and Disability needs assessment tool for emergency obstetric and newborn care. Modules included infrastructure, staffing, number of deliveries, maternal and perinatal mortality, BEmONC signal functions, referral capacity and knowledge of risk factors in pregnancy...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122756/foxp1-expression-is-a-prognostic-biomarker-in-follicular-lymphoma-treated-with-rituximab-containing-regimens
#15
Anja Mottok, Vindi Jurinovic, Pedro Farinha, Andreas Rosenwald, Ellen Leich, German Ott, Heike Horn, Wolfram Klapper, Michael Boesl, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Christian Steidl, Joseph M Connors, Laurie H Sehn, Randy D Gascoyne, Eva Hoster, Oliver Weigert, Robert Kridel
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a clinically and molecularly highly heterogeneous disease, yet prognostication relies predominantly on clinical tools. We recently demonstrated that integration of mutation status of seven genes, including EZH2 and MEF2B, improves risk stratification. We mined gene expression data to uncover genes that are differentially expressed in EZH2- and MEF2B-mutated cases. We focused on FOXP1 and assessed its protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in a total of 763 tissue biopsies...
November 9, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121096/personal-exposure-to-fine-particulate-air-pollution-while-commuting-an-examination-of-six-transport-modes-on-an-urban-arterial-roadway
#16
Robert A Chaney, Chantel D Sloan, Victoria C Cooper, Daniel R Robinson, Nathan R Hendrickson, Tyler A McCord, James D Johnston
Traffic-related air pollution in urban areas contributes significantly to commuters' daily PM2.5 exposures, but varies widely depending on mode of commuting. To date, studies show conflicting results for PM2.5 exposures based on mode of commuting, and few studies compare multiple modes of transportation simultaneously along a common route, making inter-modal comparisons difficult. In this study, we examined breathing zone PM2.5 exposures for six different modes of commuting (bicycle, walking, driving with windows open and closed, bus, and light-rail train) simultaneously on a single 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118709/piccolo-promotes-vesicle-replenishment-at-a-fast-central-auditory-synapse
#17
Tanvi Butola, Carolin Wichmann, Tobias Moser
Piccolo and Bassoon are the two largest cytomatrix of the active zone (CAZ) proteins involved in scaffolding and regulating neurotransmitter release at presynaptic active zones (AZs), but have long been discussed as being functionally redundant. We employed genetic manipulation to bring forth and segregate the role of Piccolo from that of Bassoon at central auditory synapses of the cochlear nucleus-the endbulbs of Held. These synapses specialize in high frequency synaptic transmission, ideally poised to reveal even subtle deficits in the regulation of neurotransmitter release upon molecular perturbation...
2017: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114263/the-current-status-and-factors-associated-with-implanon-service-provision-by-the-health-extension-workers-at-the-health-post-level-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ketsela Desalegn, Eskindir Loha, Mengistu Meskele
Objective: Family Planning is often taken as one of the "Magic Bullet" interventions owing to its high impact and wide reaching nature in achieving multiple goals. This study aimed to assess the current status and the factors associated with health post level Implanon service provision through trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone, southern Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone in February 2013. A simple random sampling technique was used to identify a total of 285 trained HEWs...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112637/improving-ultrasound-detection-of-uterine-adenomyosis-through-computational-texture-analysis
#19
Joseph Konrad, Derek Merck, Jie Ying Wu, Adam Tuomi, Michael Beland
The purpose of our study was to determine if a textural analysis metric can be implemented to improve diagnosis of adenomyosis by ultrasound.We retrospectively identified 38 patients with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnosis of uterine adenomyosis that also had a pelvic ultrasound within 6 months. We also identified 50 normal pelvic ultrasound examinations confirmed by a normal pelvic MRI within 6 months as a control group. A region of interest (ROI) was subsequently placed on the study population ultrasound image corresponding to the area of adenomyosis on MRI...
November 6, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110976/emergency-medicine-myths-ectopic-pregnancy-evaluation-%C3%A2-risk%C3%A2-factors-and-presentation
#20
Jennifer J Robertson, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in females of reproductive age. Proper diagnosis and treatment are critical, as complications such as rupture, hemorrhagic shock, and even death can occur. OBJECTIVE: EP is a condition emergency physicians are trained to detect, yet there are multiple myths concerning its evaluation and diagnosis. This article reviews several of these myths in order to improve emergency department (ED) evaluation and diagnosis...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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