keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Relative energy deficiency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096139/potential-health-benefits-of-combining-yogurt-and-fruits-based-on-their-probiotic-and-prebiotic-properties
#1
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, André Marette
Fruit and yogurt have been identified individually as indicators of healthy dietary patterns. Fruits are relatively low in energy density and are an excellent source of antioxidants and prebiotic fibers and polyphenols, which can promote digestive health. Yogurt, on the other hand, is a nutrient-dense food that is a good source of dairy protein, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B-12, conjugated linoleic acid, and other key fatty acids. In addition, it contains beneficial bacterial cultures, making it a potential source of probiotics...
January 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081177/first-behavioural-characterisation-of-a-knockout-mouse-model-for-the-transforming-growth-factor-tgf-%C3%AE-superfamily-cytokine-mic-1-gdf15
#2
Jac Kee Low, Ananthan Ambikairajah, Kani Shang, David A Brown, Vicky W W Tsai, Samuel N Breit, Tim Karl
Macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), also known as growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15), is a stress response cytokine. MIC-1/GDF15 is secreted into the cerebrospinal fluid and increased levels of MIC-1/GDF15 are associated with a variety of diseases including cognitive decline. Furthermore, Mic-1/Gdf15 knockout mice (Mic-1 KO) weigh more, have increased adiposity, associated with increased spontaneous food intake, and exhibit reduced basal energy expenditure and physical activity. The current study was designed to comprehensively determine the role of MIC-1/GDF15 on behavioural domains of male and female knockout mice including locomotion, exploration, anxiety, cognition, social behaviours, and sensorimotor gating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077715/excitatory-hindbrain-forebrain-communication-is-required-for-cisplatin-induced-anorexia-and-weight-loss
#3
Amber L Alhadeff, Ruby A Holland, Huiyuan Zheng, Linda Rinaman, Harvey J Grill, Bart C De Jonghe
: Cisplatin chemotherapy is commonly used to treat cancer despite severe energy balance side effects. In rats, cisplatin activates nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) projections to the lateral parabrachial nucleus (lPBN) and calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) projections from the lPBN to the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). We demonstrated previously that CeA glutamate receptor signaling mediates cisplatin-induced anorexia and body weight loss. Here, we used neuroanatomical tracing, immunofluorescence, and confocal imaging to demonstrate that virtually all NTS→lPBN and lPBN→CeA CGRP projections coexpress vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGLUT2), providing evidence that excitatory projections mediate cisplatin-induced energy balance dysregulation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069396/multi-level-evaluation-of-escherichia-coli-polyphosphate-related-mutants-using-global-transcriptomic-proteomic-and-phenomic-analyses
#4
Macarena Varas, Camilo Valdivieso, Cecilia Mauriaca, Javiera Ortíz-Severín, Alberto Paradela, Ignacio Poblete-Castro, Ricardo Cabrera, Francisco P Chávez
BACKGROUND: Polyphosphate (polyP) is a linear biopolymer found in all living cells. In bacteria, mutants lacking polyphosphate kinase 1 (PPK1), the enzyme responsible for synthesis of most polyP, have many structural and functional defects. However, little is known about the causes of these pleiotropic alterations. The link between ppk1 deletion and those numerous phenotypes observed can be the result of complex molecular interactions that can be elucidated via a systems biology approach...
January 6, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066846/comparison-of-benzene-and-toluene-photodegradation-under-visible-light-irradiation-by-ba-doped-bifeo3-magnetic-nanoparticles-with-fast-sonochemical-synthesis
#5
T Soltani, B-K Lee
Bi1-xBaxFeO3 (x = 0.02, 0.04 and 0.07) multiferroic materials with a diameter in the range of 30-40 nm were controllably synthesized by a facile ultrasonic method, with a very short reaction time of 5 min at a low temperature of 30 °C, and the resulting BiFeO3 magnetic nanoparticles (BFO MNPs) exhibited enhanced magnetic and photocatalytic performance. The substitution of Ba(2+) ions for Bi(3+) ions at the A-site of BFO MNPs, even at only 2%, decreased their particle size and distorted the lattice in the rhombohedral structure of BFO MNPs...
January 18, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057118/-the-nutrition-status-of-lactating-women-in-china
#6
C X Dong, S A Yin
Nutritional status of lactating women is considered to be a quantitative indicator reflecting the status of reproductive health. To improve nutrition status of lactating women and promote breastfeeding through targeted intervention measures, their dietary and nutritional situations, and related problems, should be fully understood. Generally, energy and macronutrient intake of lactating women can reach or exceed recommended levels, especially during the first month postpartum. However, the intake of some micronutrients is difficult to meet the requirement...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053338/autophagy-in-the-liver-functions-in-health-and-disease
#7
REVIEW
Takashi Ueno, Masaaki Komatsu
The concept of macroautophagy was established in 1963, soon after the discovery of lysosomes in rat liver. Over the 50 years since, studies of liver autophagy have produced many important findings. The liver is rich in lysosomes and possesses high levels of metabolic-stress-induced autophagy, which is precisely regulated by concentrations of hormones and amino acids. Liver autophagy provides starved cells with amino acids, glucose and free fatty acids for use in energy production and synthesis of new macromolecules, and also controls the quality and quantity of organelles such as mitochondria...
January 5, 2017: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049279/a-rapid-assessment-and-response-approach-for-socially-marketed-nutrition-commodities-in-viet-nam
#8
Tahir Turk, Nguyen Dinh Quang, Tran Thuy Nga, Huynh Phuong, Le Van Anh Tung, Vu Hoang Trang
BACKGROUND: The leading cause of death in children in developing countries is protein-energy malnutrition. In Viet Nam, 25.9% of children under 5 experience stunted growth and 6.6% are moderately wasted. Iron deficiency anaemia and vitamin A deficiency contribute to these and other malnutrition conditions. OBJECTIVES: Given these factors, more evidence based approaches are required to improve understanding of current attitudes, opinions and behaviours of mothers with young children, in order to operationalise social marketing of nutrition commodities in Viet Nam...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036225/charge-radii-of-neutron-deficient-52-53-fe-produced-by-projectile-fragmentation
#9
K Minamisono, D M Rossi, R Beerwerth, S Fritzsche, D Garand, A Klose, Y Liu, B Maaß, P F Mantica, A J Miller, P Müller, W Nazarewicz, W Nörtershäuser, E Olsen, M R Pearson, P-G Reinhard, E E Saperstein, C Sumithrarachchi, S V Tolokonnikov
Bunched-beam collinear laser spectroscopy is performed on neutron deficient ^{52,53}Fe prepared through in-flight separation followed by a gas stopping. This novel scheme is a major step to reach nuclides far from the stability line in laser spectroscopy. Differential mean-square charge radii δ⟨r^{2}⟩ of ^{52,53}Fe are determined relative to stable ^{56}Fe as δ⟨r^{2}⟩^{56,52}=-0.034(13)  fm^{2} and δ⟨r^{2}⟩^{56,53}=-0.218(13)  fm^{2}, respectively, from the isotope shift of atomic hyperfine structures...
December 16, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033558/dna-sequence-functionalized-with-heterogeneous-core-satellite-nanoassembly-for-novel-energy-transfer-based-photoelectrochemical-bioanalysis
#10
Yuan-Cheng Zhu, Fei Xu, Nan Zhang, Wei-Wei Zhao, Jing-Juan Xu, Hong-Yuan Chen
This work reports the use of compositionally heterogeneous asymmetric Ag@Au core-satellite nanoassembly functionalized with DNA sequence as unique signaling nanoprobes for the realization of new energy-transfer-based photoelectrochemical (PEC) immunoassay of prostate- specific antigen (PSA). Specifically, the Ag@Au asymmetric core-satellite nanoassemblies (Ag@Au ACS) were fabricated on a two-dimensional glass substrate by a modified controlled assembly technique, and then functionalized with DNA sequences containing PSA aptamers as signaling nanoprobes...
December 20, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032631/effect-of-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-on-myocardial-mechano-energetic-efficiency-in-hypertensive-patients-the-campania-salute-network
#11
C Mancusi, M A Losi, R Izzo, G Canciello, M V Manzi, A Sforza, N De Luca, B Trimarco, G de Simone
Reduced myocardial mechano-energetic efficiency (MEE), estimated as stroke volume/heart rate ratio per g of left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), and expressed in μl s(-1) g(-1) (MEEi), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) events, independently of LV hypertrophy and other confounders, including type II diabetes (DM). Decreased MEEi is more frequent in patients with diabetes. In the present analysis we evaluated the interrelation among MEEi, DM and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the setting of arterial hypertension...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018232/membrane-lipid-microenvironment-modulates-thermodynamic-properties-of-the-na-k-atpase-in-branchial-and-intestinal-epithelia-in-euryhaline-fish-in-vivo
#12
Mario Díaz, Rosa Dópido, Tomás Gómez, Covadonga Rodríguez
We have analyzed the effects of different native membrane lipid composition on the thermodynamic properties of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in different epithelia from the gilthead seabream Sparus aurata. Thermodynamic parameters of activation for the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase, as well as contents of lipid classes and fatty acids from polar lipids were determined for gill epithelia and enterocytes isolated from pyloric caeca, anterior intestine and posterior intestine. Arrhenius analyses of control animals revealed differences in thermal discontinuity values (Td) and activation energies determined at both sides of Td between intestinal and gill epithelia...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012363/quantitative-limitations-to-photosynthesis-in-k-deficient-sunflower-and-their-implications-on-water-use-efficiency
#13
Bálint Jákli, Ershad Tavakol, Merle Tränkner, Mehmet Senbayram, Klaus Dittert
Potassium (K) is crucial for crop growth and is strongly related to stress tolerance and water-use efficiency (WUE). A major physiological effect of K deficiency is the inhibition of net CO2 assimilation (AN) during photosynthesis. Whether this reduction originates from limitations either to photochemical energy conversion or biochemical CO2 fixation or from a limitation to CO2 diffusion through stomata and the leaf mesophyll is debated. In this study, limitations to photosynthetic carbon gain of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005419/aging-of-the-immune-system-mechanisms-and-therapeutic-targets
#14
Cornelia M Weyand, Jörg J Goronzy
Beginning with the sixth decade of life, the human immune system undergoes dramatic aging-related changes, which continuously progress to a state of immunosenescence. The aging immune system loses the ability to protect against infections and cancer and fails to support appropriate wound healing. Vaccine responses are typically impaired in older individuals. Conversely, inflammatory responses mediated by the innate immune system gain in intensity and duration, rendering older individuals susceptible to tissue-damaging immunity and inflammatory disease...
December 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994905/dilated-cardiomyopathy-induced-by-chronic-starvation-and-selenium-deficiency
#15
Soham Dasgupta, Ashraf M Aly
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) has been rarely documented as a cause of cardiovascular abnormalities, including dilated cardiomyopathy. Selenium is responsible for antioxidant defense mechanisms in cardiomyocytes, and its deficiency in the setting of PEM and disease related malnutrition (DRM) may lead to exacerbation of the dilated cardiomyopathy. We report a rare case of a fourteen-year-old boy who presented with symptoms of congestive heart failure due to DRM and PEM (secondary to chronic starvation) along with severe selenium deficiency...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992770/zinc-stress-affects-ionome-and-metabolome-in-tea-plants
#16
Yinfei Zhang, Yu Wang, Zhaotang Ding, Hui Wang, Lubin Song, Sisi Jia, Dexin Ma
The research of physiological responses to Zn stress in plants has been extensively studied. However, the ionomics and metabolomics responses of plants to Zn stress remain largely unknown. In present study, the nutrient elements were identified involved in ion homeostasis and metabolomics changes related to Zn deficiency or excess in tea plants. Nutrient element analysis demonstrated that the concentrations of Zn affected the ion-uptake in roots and the nutrient element transportation to leaves, leading to the different distribution of P, S, Al, Ca, Fe and Cu in the tea leaves or roots...
December 12, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983991/estrogen-modulates-exercise-endurance-along-with-mitochondrial-uncoupling-protein-3-downregulation-in-skeletal-muscle-of-female-mice
#17
Saki Nagai, Kazuhiro Ikeda, Kuniko Horie-Inoue, Sachiko Shiba, Saya Nagasawa, Satoru Takeda, Satoshi Inoue
Estrogen is a hormone that regulates physiological processes and its dysregulation may relate to muscle disorders particularly in female, although the mechanism remains to be elucidated. We here show that estrogen deficiency repressed exercise endurance in female mice whereas the administration of estrogen to ovariectomized mice recovered it. Microarray analysis of mouse muscles showed that mitochondrial uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is upregulated by ovariectomy and downregulated by estrogen administration. Intriguingly, ectopic expression of constitutively active estrogen receptor α decreased UCP3 level and increased cellular ATP content in differentiated myoblastic C2C12 cells...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983645/decrease-in-circulating-fatty-acids-is-associated-with-islet-dysfunction-in-chronically-sleep-restricted-rats
#18
Shanshan Zhan, Yangyang Wu, Peng Sun, Haiyan Lin, Yunxia Zhu, Xiao Han
Previous studies have shown that sleep restriction-induced environmental stress is associated with abnormal metabolism, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. In the current study, we investigated the possible lipid and glucose metabolism patterns in chronically sleep-restricted rat. Without changes in food intake, body weight was decreased and energy expenditure was increased in sleep-restricted rats. The effects of chronic sleep disturbance on metabolites in serum were examined using ¹H NMR metabolomics and GC-FID/MS analysis...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967236/pka-riib-deficiency-induces-brown-fat-like-adipocytes-in-inguinal-wat-and-promotes-energy-expenditure-in-male-fvb-nj-mice
#19
Su Jing, Wei Wu, Shan Huang, Ruidan Xue, Yi Wang, Yun Wan, Lv Zhang, Lang Qin, Qiongyue Zhang, Xiaoming Zhu, Zhaoyun Zhang, Hongying Ye, Xiaohui Wu, Yiming Li
Obesity has become the most common metabolic disorder worldwide. Promoting brown adipose tissue (BAT) and beige adipose tissue formation, hence, a functional increase in energy expenditure may counteract obesity. Mice lacking type II-beta regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA-RIIB) display reduced adiposity and resistance to diet-induced obesity (DIO). PKA-RIIB, encoded by the Prkar2b gene, is most abundant in BAT and white adipose tissue (WAT) and the brain. In this study, we show that mice lacking PKA-RIIB have increased energy expenditure, limited weight gain, and improved glucose metabolism...
December 14, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941357/nutrient-deficiencies-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#20
Lori R Roust, John K DiBaise
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update of recent additions to our understanding of the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies and the potential role of preoperative weight loss in contributing to these deficiencies in obese individuals planning to undergo bariatric surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent reports that have included bariatric surgery candidates from sites around the world have shown consistent deficiencies in a variety of nutrients...
December 9, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
keyword
keyword
67834
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"