keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Supraclavicular

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730762/review-of-the-three-field-techniques-in-breast-cancer-radiotherapy
#1
John Kagkiouzis, Kalliopi Platoni, Ioanna Kantzou, Maria Dilvoi, George Patatoukas, Efrosyni Kypraiou, Efstathios Efstathopoulos, George Sarris, Nikolaos Trogkanis, Vassilis Kouloulias
Breast cancer is often treated with radiotherapy (RT), with two opposing tangential fields. When indicated, supraclavicular lymph nodes have to be irradiated, and a third anterior field is applied. The junction region has the potential to be over or underdosed. To overcome this problem, many techniques have been proposed. A literature review of 3 Dimensional Conformal RT (3D CRT) and older 3-field techniques was carried out. Intensity Modulated RT (IMRT) techniques are also briefly discussed. Techniques are categorized, few characteristic examples are presented and a comparison is attempted...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730256/advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-pregnancy-the-imperative-of-physical-breast-examination-in-pregnancy
#2
Anca Angela Simionescu, Claudia Valentina Georgescu, Mirela Corina Ghiluşi, Sabrina Ioana Stoica, Mircea Dragoş Median
Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer diagnosed among women; its association with pregnancy is not encountered. As childbearing age is increasing, the diagnosis of breast cancer associated pregnancy tends to be more often than years ago. Here we report a case of a 37-year-old patient, gravida 7, para 7, diagnosed at 30 weeks gestation with metastatic breast cancer. The patient presented to hospital due to an altered performance status. Obstetrical evaluation was within normal range. A metastatic infiltrating breast cancer poorly differentiated (G3) with satellite skin lesions (T4b), ipsilateral axillary and supraclavicular lymph nodes (N3), lung metastasis bilateral with pleural effusion and hepatic metastasis (M1), were diagnosed...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727141/etiologic-and-differential-diagnostic-significance-of-tumor-location-in-the-supraclavicular-fossa
#3
Achim Franzen, Thomas Günzel, Andre Buchali, Annekatrin Coordes
OBJECTIVE: Patients presenting with a cervical mass are common for head and neck specialists and present a diagnostic challenge against the backdrop of a wide variety of etiologies. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the significance of a mass in the supraclavicular fossa for etiology, diagnostic procedure, and therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Individual retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We reviewed the data of 211 consecutive cases (116 male, 95 female) with excisional biopsy or tumor removal of a supraclavicular mass...
July 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723888/association-between-supraclavicular-brown-adipose-tissue-composition-at-birth-and-adiposity-gain-from-birth-to-6-months-age
#4
Sonja Entringer, Jerod Rasmussen, Dan M Cooper, Satoru Ikenoue, Feizal Waffarn, Steven G Potkin, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
BACKGROUND: Brown Adipose Tissue (BAT) is associated with higher energy expenditure and lower adiposity in adults. However, the relationship between BAT composition and adiposity in early life is unknown. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that brown fat composition at birth is prospectively associated with adiposity gain during the first six months of postnatal life. METHODS: N=35 healthy infants were followed prospectively from intrauterine life and birth through 6 months age...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719448/biopsy-proven-diffuse-mediastinal-prostate-cancer-metastases-negative-on-18f-fluorocholine-diagnosed-on-68ga-psma-and-18f-psma-pet-ct
#5
Guillaume Chaussé, Tamim Niazi, Gad Solomon Abikhzer, Stephan Michael Probst
A 72-year-old man with prostate cancer (stage T3b, Gleason score 7) treated by radical prostatectomy was found to have biochemical failure (prostate-specific antigen 8.5 ng/mL) and a suspicious growing nodularity at the left prostate bed on MRI. F-fluorocholine PET/CT failed to demonstrate any site of uptake suggestive of malignancy. A bone scan did exclude bone metastases. Ga-PSMA PET/CT revealed various positive lymph nodes in the supraclavicular, mediastinal, and hilar regions. This was confirmed on F-DCFPyl PET/CT, with the addition of a suspicious right axillary lymph node...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700422/cervical-squamous-carcinomas-with-prominent-acantholysis-and-areas-resembling-breast-lobular-carcinoma-an-aggressive-form-of-dedifferentation
#6
Kerry Scott, Gareth Bryson, Jackie Jamison, Michael Coutts, W Glenn McCluggage
There have been occasional reports of primary cervical adenocarcinoma with areas of dedifferentiation resulting in morphologic mimicry of breast lobular carcinoma. We describe 4 cases of primary cervical squamous carcinoma with prominent acantholysis (3 cases), areas resembling breast lobular carcinoma (3 cases) or both (2 cases). All 4 tumors showed positivity with p63 and CK5/6 and 3 of 4 exhibited block-type immunoreactivity with p16. Two of the 4 cases contained high-risk human papillomavirus (types 16 and 18) on molecular testing; of the 2 cases which were human papillomavirus negative, 1 exhibited patchy nonblock immunoreactivity with p16...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695707/comparison-of-long-term-clinical-outcomes-among-different-vascularized-lymph-node-transfers-6-year-experience-of-a-single-center-s-approach-to-the-treatment-of-lymphedema
#7
Pedro Ciudad, Mouchammed Agko, John Jaime Perez Coca, Oscar J Manrique, Wei-Ling Chang, Fabio Nicoli, Shih-Heng Chen, Hung-Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes among different vascularized lymph node transfers (VLNT) used at our institution. METHODS: Between July 2010 and July 2016, all patients with International Society of Lymphology (ISL) stages II-III who underwent VLNT were evaluated. Demographic and clinical data (limb circumference, infectious episodes, lymphoscintigraphic studies) were recorded pre-operatively. Clinical outcomes, complications, and additional excisional procedures were analyzed post-operatively...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693444/the-value-of-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-of-fluorodeoxy-glucose-positron-emission-tomography-fdg-pet-positive-supraclavicular-lymph-nodes-in-patients-with-suspected-lung-cancer
#8
Lennart Werner, Franziska Aebersold Keller, Ujwal Bhure, Justus Egidius Roos, Katharina Tornquist, Maria Del Sol Pèrez-Lago, Oliver Gautschi, Klaus Strobel
BACKGROUND: Accurate lymph node staging is essential for adequate prognostication and therapy planning in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). FDG-PET/CT is a sensitive tool for the detection of metastases, including non-palpable supraclavicular lymph node (SCLN) metastases. Histological proof of metastatic spread and mutation analysis is crucial for optimal staging and therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and core biopsy (CB) of FDG active, non-palpable SCLN's in patients with suspicion for lung cancer...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690104/a-clinical-perspective-on-regional-nodal-irradiation-for-breast-cancer
#9
Amy C Moreno, Simona F Shaitelman, Thomas A Buchholz
The goal of regional treatments in breast cancer should be to eradicate any disease within lymph nodes, avoid regional recurrences, minimize the risk of distant metastases, and improve survival. In addition, regional treatments should focus on reducing potential morbidities and optimizing the long-term quality of life of breast cancer survivors. While data from recent surgical and radiation trials have helped clarify many issues regarding regional treatment, there still remains controversy as to the optimal approach for patients with "intermediate risk" disease...
July 6, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689684/-ectopic-thymus-a-rare-cause-of-neck-mass-in-children
#10
S Kallel, M Mnejja, M Kessentini, A Ben Said, I Charfeddine, B Hammami, A Ghorbel
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic cervical thymus (ECT) is a rare embryological abnormality in children. It can be revealed by a compressive neck mass mistaken for a malignant tumor. Through a new case of ECT, we review the embryopathogenesis, diagnostic difficulties and therapeutic features. CLINICAL OBSERVATION: A 19-month-old girl presented a right cervical mass that quickly increased in size, causing intermittent dyspnea. The physical examination objectified a 6-cm, soft and compressible, painless right cervical tumefaction, extending from the mastoid area to the ipsilateral supraclavicular fossa...
July 6, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689245/imaging-of-renal-medullary-carcinoma-in-children-and-young-adults-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#11
Jesse K Sandberg, Elizabeth A Mullen, Mariana M Cajaiba, Ethan A Smith, Sabah Servaes, Elizabeth J Perlman, James I Geller, Peter F Ehrlich, Nicholas G Cost, Jeffrey S Dome, Conrad V Fernandez, Geetika Khanna
BACKGROUND: Renal medullary carcinoma is a rare renal malignancy of childhood. There are no large series describing the imaging appearance of renal medullary carcinoma in children. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical and imaging features of pediatric renal medullary carcinoma at initial presentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed images of 25 pediatric patients with renal medullary carcinoma enrolled in the Children's Oncology Group renal tumors classification, biology and banking study (AREN03B2) from March 2006 to August 2016...
July 8, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679988/follicular-lymphoma-with-plasmacytic-differentiation-accompanied-by-monoclonal-igg-gammopathy
#12
Tomomi Oka, Masayuki Kobayashi, Takaya Komori, Hirokazu Nakamine, Toshiyuki Kitano, Masakatsu Hishizawa, Tadakazu Kondoh, Kouhei Yamashita, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
A 59-year-old woman presented with high serum total protein, detected on a screening examination. Laboratory tests revealed high plasma levels of M-protein (IgG-λ), and FDG-PET/CT revealed systemic lymph node swelling and a large tumorous mass in the abdominal cavity. Bone marrow aspirates contained 8.4% plasma cells and approximately 30% abnormal small lymphocytes. A biopsy of the left supraclavicular lymph node was initially interpreted as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL). However, chromosomal analysis of the lymph node demonstrated an unusual karyotype with t (14;18) (q32;q21)...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678067/reconstruction-of-parotidectomy-and-lateral-skull-base-defects
#13
Caitlin Bertelsen, Changxing Liu, Niels Kokot
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the options for reconstruction of parotid and lateral skull base defects based on the size and functional requirements of the defect. RECENT FINDINGS: Free grafts with dermal fat or acellular human dermis, superficial musculoaponeurotic system flaps, and sternocleidomastoid flaps have been successful in preventing Frey's syndrome and restoring facial contour defects after superficial and total parotidectomy...
July 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668875/neck-dissection-and-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-in-esophageal-cancer-with-aberrant-subclavian-artery
#14
Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tsutomu Namikawa, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
We report a case of esophageal cancer with a non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve associated with aberrant right subclavian artery treated with neck dissection followed by thoracoscopic esophagectomy. A 60-year-old man experienced esophageal cancer, hoarseness, and left supraclavicular lymph node swelling was noted on endoscopy. Computed tomography revealed an aberrant right subclavian artery between the esophagus and vertebrae. We administered neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and performed thoracoscopic esophagectomy...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668869/clinical-outcomes-of-resectable-esophageal-cancer-with-supraclavicular-lymph-node-metastases-treated-with-curative-intent
#15
Yoshitaka Honma, Nobukazu Hokamura, Kengo Nagashima, Kazuki Sudo, Hirokazu Shoji, Satoru Iwasa, Atsuo Takashima, Ken Kato, Tetsuya Hamaguchi, Narikazu Boku, Rei Umezawa, Yoshinori Ito, Jun Itami, Kazuo Koyanagi, Hiroyasu Igaki, Yuji Tachimori
BACKGROUND: In the seventh edition of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) TNM classification, supraclavicular lymph node (SCLN) in regard to thoracic esophageal cancer (EC) is regarded as a distant organ, therefore, if resectable, SCLN metastasis is considered a candidate for systemic chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to clarify the survival outcome in patients with resectable thoracic EC with SCLN metastases (M1LYM) treated with curative intent. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes in patients with resectable thoracic EC with SCLN metastases (M1LYM) treated by esophagectomy or definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) were retrospectively analyzed...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663643/comparison-between-conventional-and-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-in-upper-limb-surgeries
#16
Kiran Abhayakumar Honnannavar, Mahantesh Shivangouda Mudakanagoudar
INTRODUCTION: Brachial plexus blockade is a time-tested technique for upper limb surgeries. The classical approach using paresthesia technique is a blind technique and may be associated with a higher failure rate and injury to the nerves and surrounding structures. To avoid some of these problems, use of peripheral nerve stimulator and ultrasound techniques were started which allowed better localization of the nerve/plexus. Ultrasound for supraclavicular brachial plexus block has improved the success rate of the block with excellent localization as well as improved safety margin...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663615/randomized-controlled-trial-for-evaluating-the-analgesic-effect-of-nalbuphine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-in-supraclavicular-block-under-ultrasound-guidance
#17
Nazia Nazir, Shruti Jain
INTRODUCTION: Benefits of regional anesthesia can be prolonged by adding adjuvants to local anesthetics. This study was designed to test the efficacy of adding nalbuphine to bupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus blockade using ultrasound (US) guidance. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study involving sixty patients of either sex undergoing elective orthopedic procedures of upper limb. In control Group C (n = 30), 30 mL of 0...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660821/major-haemorrhage-requiring-transarterial-embolisation-following-open-biopsy-of-an-unusual-neck-mass
#18
M Walsh, M Supriya, N Railton
A 65-year-old man presented with a right supraclavicular neck mass and right arm pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 96mm lesion in the upper thoracic paraspinal region extending into the deep supraclavicular fossa. The presentation was consistent with a sarcoma or lymphoma but fine needle aspiration was inconclusive. During open biopsy of the lesion, the patient had a rapid intraoperative haemorrhage of 1l from the tumour. Haemostasis could only be achieved by transarterial embolisation of the feeding vessel and the biopsy result confirmed Ewing's sarcoma...
July 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658151/establishment-of-a-risk-scoring-system-for-predicting-locoregional-recurrence-in-t1-to-t2-node-negative-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-mastectomy-implications-for-postoperative-radiotherapy
#19
Jin-Luan Li, Xiao-Yi Lin, Li-Juan Zhuang, Jun-Yan He, Qing-Qin Peng, Ya-Ping Dong, Jun-Xin Wu
To establish a risk scoring system for predicting locoregional recurrence (LRR) and explore the potential value of radiotherapy in T1 to T2 node-negative breast cancer patients treated with mastectomy. From January 2001 to February 2008, a total of 353 node-negative T1 to T2 breast cancer cases treated with mastectomy without adjuvant radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. Preliminary screening of the prognostic factors was accomplished by Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis, and survival curves between different groups were compared by log-rank test...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656387/spontaneous-recovery-of-non-operated-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#20
S H Lim, J S Lee, Y H Kim, T W Kim, K M Kwon
PURPOSE: We investigated the spontaneous recovery of non-operated traumatic brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: A total of 25 cases of non-operated traumatic BPI were analysed by retrospective review of medical records; in all cases, consecutive electrodiagnostic studies (ES) were conducted from 1 to 4 months and 18 to 24 months post-trauma. Injury severity was assessed using a modified version of Dumitru and Wilbourn's scale (DWS) based on ES. Spontaneous recovery of brachial plexus components per subject was analysed using Wilcoxon's signed-rank test...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
keyword
keyword
67827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"