keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bupivacaine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929169/ultrasound-guided-posterior-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-postoperative-pain-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#1
Korgün Ökmen, Burcu Metin Ökmen, Serra Topal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic techniques are commonly used in surgical operations of the gallbladder. There are very few regional anesthesia methods used to achieve this goal. We aimed to investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided posterior quadratus lumborum block (QLB), administered bilaterally on pain scores after laparoscopic cholecystectomy operations. DESIGN: Prospective, double blind, randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Single-institution, tertiary hospital...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928219/acute-opioid-induced-myoclonic-reaction-after-use-of-fentanyl-as-an-anesthetic-drug-for-an-emergency-cesarean-section
#2
Dana Khaled Almedallah, Dana Yousef Alshamlan, Erum Mubbashir Shariff
Myoclonus is an abnormal involuntary movement that has been previously reported with administration of high doses of opioids for prolonged periods of time. In this case, however, we report an acute myoclonic reaction and review the literature on the possible causative pathophysiology. We report the case of a 24-year-old woman who was admitted for postdated cesarean section. She started to have abnormal involuntary movements after administration of an epidural anesthesia containing 700 μg of fentanyl with 115 mL (0...
May 2018: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926357/preperitoneal-bupivacaine-infiltration-reduces-postoperative-opioid-consumption-acute-pain-and-chronic-postsurgical-pain-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Saskia L Boerboom, Ann de Haes, Lianne Vd Wetering, Edo O Aarts, Ignace M C Janssen, Jose W Geurts, Ed T Kamphuis
INTRODUCTION: A multimodal pain treatment including local anesthetics is advised for perioperative analgesia in bariatric surgery. Due to obesity, bariatric surgery patients are at risk of respiratory complications. Opioid consumption is an important risk factor for hypoventilation. Furthermore, acute postoperative pain is an important risk factor for chronic postsurgical pain. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether preperitoneal anesthesia with bupivacaine would reduce pain and opioid consumption after bariatric surgery...
June 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923954/is-a-retrolaminar-approach-to-the-thoracic-paravertebral-space-possible-a-human-cadaveric-study
#4
A Sassan Sabouri, Lane Crawford, Sarah K Bick, Ala Nozari, Thomas A Anderson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The retrolaminar block (RB) is used for truncal analgesia, but its mechanism of neural blockade remains obscure. We sought to learn the pattern of local anesthetic spread after thoracic RB using cadaveric models. METHODS: In 8 fresh cadavers, an ultrasound-guided T4 RB was performed with 20 mL of methylene blue 1% and bupivacaine 0.5%. For comparison, an RB at T9 in 1 cadaver and a T4 thoracic paravertebral block in another cadaver were performed...
June 19, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914820/an-evaluation-of-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-as-an-outpatient-procedure-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#5
Megan Richards, Hussein Al-Youssef, Jung-Kyong Kim, Stéphane Poitras, John Penning, Paul E Beaulé
BACKGROUND: Outpatient hip arthroplasty is being performed more routinely; however, safety remains a concern. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of adverse events of outpatient total hip arthroplasty (THA) and assess barriers to discharge. METHODS: We examined 136 patients who underwent unilateral THA by one surgeon and were discharged on the same day of surgery. Using propensity matching, 136 inpatients who received the same procedure, and were discharged on postoperative day one or later, were identified...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914785/the-optimal-concentration-of-bupivacaine-and-levobupivacaine-for-labor-pain-management-using-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
V Baliuliene, A Macas, K Rimaitis
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different low concentrations of two local anesthetics for labor analgesia using patient-controlled epidural analgesia. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized controlled trial recruiting healthy nulliparous women was conducted from 2014 to 2016. Epidural analgesia was provided using local anesthetic and fentanyl. Patients were allocated to six groups, according to the concentration of bupivacaine or levobupivacaine (0...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914426/effects-of-local-anesthetics-on-breast-cancer-cell-viability-and-migration
#7
Ru Li, Chunyun Xiao, Hengrui Liu, Yujie Huang, James P Dilger, Jun Lin
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer accounts for nearly a quarter of all cancers in women worldwide, and more than 90% of women diagnosed with breast cancer undergo mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery. Retrospective clinical studies have suggested that use of regional anesthesia leads to improved patient outcomes. Laboratory studies have reported that breast cancer cells are inhibited by some local anesthetics at millimolar concentration. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the effects of six common local anesthetics on two human breast cancer cell lines...
June 19, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914237/the-effects-of-preadministration-of-local-anesthetic-on-pulsed-radiofrequency
#8
Tülin Arıcı, Mustafa Kurçaloğlu, İdris Şevki Köken, Bora Uzuner, Can Eyigör, Meltem Uyar
Background/aim: Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) has been reported to be a safe and reliable method for the management of a variety of chronic pain syndromes. It is not known whether the preadministration of local anesthetic increases the size of the electrical field. We revealed the effects of administering local anesthetic on PRF and investigated whether they were related to local anesthetic or fluid effects. Materials and methods: Group 1 (n = 18) received PRF to the suprascapular nerve with 1 mL of bupivacaine, group 2 (n = 20) received PRF with 1 mL of physiological saline solution, and group 3 (n = 18) received PRF only...
June 14, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913995/diagnostic-blocks-for-chronic-pain
#9
Michele Curatolo, Nikolai Bogduk
Many conditions associated with chronic pain have no detectable morphological correlate. Consequently, the source of pain cannot be established by clinical examination or medical imaging. However, for some such conditions, the source of pain can be established using diagnostic blocks. The aim of this paper is to review the available evidence concerning the validity and utility of diagnostic blocks, and to identify areas where research is needed. Diagnostic blocks for cervical and lumbar zygapophysial joint pain have been extensively studied...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913944/effects-of-perioperative-s-ketamine-infusion-added-to-multimodal-analgesia-in-patients-undergoing-ambulatory-haemorrhoidectomy
#10
Ulrich J Spreng, Vegard Dahl, Johan Ræder
Background and objective Perioperative low-dose ketamine has been useful for postoperative analgesia. In this study we wanted to assess the analgesic effect and possible side-effects of perioperative low-dose S (+) ketamine when added to a regime of non-opioid multimodal pain prophylaxis. Methods Seventy-seven patients scheduled for haemorrhoidectomy were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, controlled study. They received oral paracetamol 1-2 g, total intravenous anaesthesia, intravenous 8 mg dexamethasone, 30 mg ketorolac and local infiltration with bupivacaine/epinephrine...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913936/a-systematic-review-of-comparative-studies-indicates-that-paravertebral-block-is-neither-superior-nor-safer-than-epidural-analgesia-for-pain-after-thoracotomy
#11
Hilde M Norum, Harald Breivik
Background The "gold standard" for pain relief after thoracotomy has been thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA). The studies comparing TEA with paravertebral block (PVB) and recent reviews recommend PVB as a novel, safer method than TEA. Methods A systematic search of the Cochrane and PubMed databases for prospective, randomized trials (RCTs) comparing TEA and PVB for post-thoracotomy analgesia was done. We assessed how TEA and PVB were performed, methods of randomization, assessment of pain relief, and complications...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913775/epidural-pain-management-after-open-lateral-thoracotomy-female-patients-have-better-pain-relief-and-need-smaller-amounts-of-analgesics-than-males
#12
Gísli Vigfússon, Gísli H Sigurðsson
Background and aims There is an ongoing dispute whether or not there is a gender difference in epidural drug requirements. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a triple drug epidural mixture used for postoperative pain relief on male and female patients undergoing major surgery. Materials and methods To avoid possible influence of different age and type of surgery only 50-70 year old patients undergoing open lateral thoracotomy were included. 253 patients were enrolled: 116 males and 137 females...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911581/real-time-ultrasound-guided-infraorbital-nerve-block-to-treat-trigeminal-neuralgia-using-a-high-concentration-of-tetracaine-dissolved-in-bupivacaine
#13
Kenichi Takechi, Amane Konishi, Kotaro Kikuchi, Shiho Fujioka, Tomomi Fujii, Toshihiro Yorozuya, Koh Kuzume, Takumi Nagaro
Background Trigeminal neuralgia is a neuropathic disorder characterized by episodes of intense pain in the face. Drug therapy is the first choice of treatment. However, in cases where drug therapy are contraindicated due to side effects, patients can get pain relief from lengthy neurosurgical procedures. Alternatively, a peripheral trigeminal nerve block can be easily performed in an outpatient setting. Therefore it is a useful treatment option for the acute paroxysmal period of TN in patients who cannot use drug therapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911573/managing-post-thoracotomy-pain-epidural-or-systemic-analgesia-and-extended-care-a-randomized-study-with-an-as-usual-control-group
#14
Elina Tiippana, Kaisa Nelskylä, Eija Nilsson, Eero Sihvo, Matti Kataja, Eija Kalso
Background and aims Thoracotomies can cause severe pain, which persists in 21-67% of patients. We investigated whether NSAID + intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV-PCA) with morphine is an efficacious alternative to thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA). We also wanted to find out whether an extended controlled pain management protocol within a clinical study can decrease the incidence of persistent post-thoracotomy pain. Methods Thirty thoracotomy patients were randomized into 3 intervention groups with 10 patients in each...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910676/lipid-emulsion-for-treating-local-anesthetic-systemic-toxicity
#15
REVIEW
Seong-Ho Ok, Jeong-Min Hong, Soo Hee Lee, Ju-Tae Sohn
Lipid emulsion has been shown to be an effective treatment for systemic toxicity induced by local anesthetics, which is reflected in case reports. A systemic review and meta-analysis confirm the efficacy of this treatment. Investigators have suggested mechanisms associated with the lipid emulsion-mediated recovery of cardiovascular collapse caused by local anesthetic systemic toxicity; these mechanisms include lipid sink, a widely accepted theory in which highly soluble local anesthetics (particularly bupivacaine) are absorbed into the lipid phase of plasma from tissues (e...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904433/ketamine-and-bupivacaine-attenuate-post-operative-pain-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Jian Zhang, Kui Shi, Hongfeng Jia
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is highly associated with post-operative pain. The present randomized trial aimed to explore the possible post-operative pain management by a different combination of analgesics or opioids (ketamine and bupivacaine) following TKA. A total of 84 patients were randomly divided into four groups. All subjects were anesthetized for TKA surgery and received post-operative pain management via intra-articular saline (control group; n=23), ketamine (2 mg/kg) infused with saline (ket group; n=21) bupivacaine (0...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903459/single-injection-adductor-canal-block-with-multiple-adjuvants-provides-equivalent-analgesia-when-compared-with-continuous-adductor-canal-blockade-for-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-equivalency-trial
#17
James D Turner, Sean W Dobson, Daryl S Henshaw, Christopher J Edwards, Robert S Weller, Jon W Reynolds, Gregory B Russell, Jonathan D Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve blockade is used to provide analgesia for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. This study compared a single-injection adductor canal block (SACB) with adjuvants to continuous adductor canal blockade (CACB). The hypothesis was that the 2 groups would have equivalent analgesia at 30 hours after neural blockade. METHODS: This was a double-blinded, randomized, controlled, equivalency trial. Sixty patients were randomized to either the SACB group (20 mL of 0...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896558/are-reinfusion-drains-safe-to-use-with-periarticular-liposomal-bupivacaine-an-analysis-of-systemic-bupivacaine-toxicity
#18
Marc R Angerame, Gavin P Hart, Susan M Odum, Bryan D Springer
Background: Intraoperative periarticular injection (PAI) with local anesthetic is an important component of multimodal pain control in total joint arthroplasty (TJA). A potential risk of this practice is serum anesthetic toxicity resulting from the autotransfusion of blood collected from a reinfusion drain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the levels of bupivacaine in blood collected in an autotransfusion system after use of a PAI in TJA. Methods: In this prospective study, each TJA patient had an identical PAI consisting of 20 cc of liposomal bupivacaine, 30 cc of 0...
June 2018: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890381/postoperative-continuous-adductor-canal-block-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-improves-pain-and-functional-recovery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Patrick Leung, David M Dickerson, Sahitya K Denduluri, Maryam K Mohammed, Min Lu, Magdalena Anitescu, Hue H Luu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Investigate the use of a postoperative continuous adductor canal block (cACB) after epidural analgesia to decreases opioid consumption and improve visual analog scale (VAS) scores compared to a sham catheter. DESIGN: Double-blinded randomized placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatient setting in tertiary care teaching hospital with outpatient follow-up. PATIENTS: One-hundred and sixty-five subjects (cACB n = 82 and sham catheter n = 83) with end-stage degenerative joint disease undergoing elective unilateral total knee arthroplasty...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889750/liposomal-bupivacaine-block-at-the-time-of-cesarean-delivery-to-decrease-postoperative-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Malavika Prabhu, Mark A Clapp, Emily McQuaid-Hanson, Samsiya Ona, Taylor OʼDonnell, Kaitlyn James, Brian T Bateman, Blair J Wylie, William H Barth
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a liposomal bupivacaine incisional block decreases postoperative pain and represents an opioid-minimizing strategy after scheduled cesarean delivery. METHODS: In a single-blind, randomized controlled trial among opioid-naive women undergoing cesarean delivery, liposomal bupivacaine or placebo was infiltrated into the fascia and skin at the surgical site, before fascial closure. Using an 11-point numeric rating scale, the primary outcome was pain score with movement at 48 hours postoperatively...
June 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
keyword
keyword
67824
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"