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breast cancer bone metastasis

Julie Johnson, Darrell C Bessette, Jodi M Saunus, Chanel E Smart, Sarah Song, Rebecca L Johnston, Sibylle Cocciardi, Esdy N Rozali, Cameron N Johnstone, Ana Christina Vargas, Stephen H Kazakoff, Victorian Cancer BioBank, Kum Kum Khanna, Sunil R Lakhani, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Peter T Simpson, Katia Nones, Nicola Waddell, Fares Al-Ejeh
PURPOSE: We aimed to generate and characterize a novel cell line from a breast cancer bone metastasis to better study the progression of the disease. METHODS: The cell line, P7731, was derived from a metastatic bone lesion of a breast cancer patient and assessed for marker expression. P7731 was analyzed for DNA copy number variation, somatic mutations, and gene expression and was compared with the primary tumor. RESULTS: P7731 cells are negative for estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER2 (triple-negative); strongly express vimentin (100% of cells positive) and also express cytokeratins 8/18 and 19 but at lower frequencies...
February 21, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Zhenchong Xiong, Guangzheng Deng, Xinjian Huang, Xing Li, Xinhua Xie, Jin Wang, Zeyu Shuang, Xi Wang
Purpose: Bone is one of the most common sites of breast cancer metastasis, and population-based studies of patients with bone metastasis in initial metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are lacking. Materials and methods: From 2010 to 2013, 245,707 breast cancer patients and 8901 patients diagnosed with initial bone metastasis were identified by Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database of the National Cancer Institute. Multivariate logistic and Cox regression were used to identify predictive factors for the presence of bone metastasis and prognosis factors...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
Jingjing Zhang, Feng Mao, Gang Niu, Li Peng, Lixin Lang, Fang Li, Hongyan Ying, Huanwen Wu, Boju Pan, Zhaohui Zhu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Purpose: This study was to assess a gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) and integrin αvβ3 dual targeting tracer68 Ga-BBN-RGD for positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging of breast cancer and metastasis. Materials and Methods: Twenty-two female patients were recruited either with suspected breast cancer on screening mammography (n = 16) or underwent breast cancer radical mastectomy (n = 6). All the 22 patients underwent PET/CT at 30-45 min after intravenous injection of68 Ga-BBN-RGD...
2018: Theranostics
Silvia Marino, Ryan T Bishop, Patrick Mollat, Aymen I Idris
IKKβ has previously been implicated in breast cancer bone metastasis and bone remodelling. However, the contribution of IKKβ expressed by bone cells of the tumour microenvironment to breast cancer-induced osteolysis has yet to be investigated. Here, we studied the effects of the verified selective IKKβ inhibitors IKKβIII or IKKβV on osteoclast formation and osteoblast differentiation in vitro and in vivo, human and mouse breast cancer cells' support for osteoclast formation and signalling in vitro and osteolysis ex vivo and in immunocompetent mice after supracalvarial injection of human MDA-MB-231 conditioned medium or intra-cardiac injection of syngeneic 4T1 breast cancer cells...
February 17, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Nicola Aceto, Aditya Bardia, Ben S Wittner, Maria C Donaldson, Ryan O'Keefe, Amanda Engstrom, Francesca Bersani, Yu Zheng, Valentine Comaills, Kira Niederhoffer, Huili Zhu, Olivia MacKenzie, Toshi Shioda, Dennis Sgroi, Ravi Kapur, David T Ting, Beverly Moy, Sridhar Ramaswamy, Mehmet Toner, Daniel A Haber, Shyamala Maheswaran
Molecular drivers underlying bone metastases in human cancer are not well understood, in part due to constraints in bone tissue sampling. Here, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) isolated from blood samples of women with metastatic estrogen receptor (ER)+ breast cancer, comparing cases with progression in bone versus visceral organs. Among the activated cellular pathways in CTCs from bone-predominant breast cancer is androgen receptor (AR) signaling. AR gene expression is evident, as is its constitutively active splice variant AR-v7...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Janet Brown, Emma Rathbone, Samantha Hinsley, Walter Gregory, Fatma Gossiel, Helen Marshall, Roger Burkinshaw, Helen Shulver, Hasina Thandar, Gianfilippo Bertelli, Keane Maccon, Angela Bowman, Andrew Hanby, Richard Bell, David Cameron, Robert Coleman
Background: Adjuvant therapies can prevent/delay bone metastasis development in breast cancer. We investigated whether serum bone turnover markers in early disease have clinical utility in identifying patients with a high risk of developing bone metastasis. Methods: Markers of bone formation (N-terminal propeptide of type-1 collagen [P1NP]) and bone resorption (C-telopeptide of type-1 collagen [CTX], pyridinoline cross-linked carboxy-terminal telopeptide of type-1 collagen [1-CTP]) were measured in baseline (pretreatment blood samples from 872 patients from a large randomized trial of adjuvant zoledronic acid (AZURE-ISRCTN79831382) in early breast cancer...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Michael Zepp, Marineta Kovacheva, Munkhtsetseg Altankhuyag, Gabriela Westphal, Irina Berger, Katharina S Gather, Heidegard Hilbig, Jochen Neuhaus, Gertrud M Hänsch, Franz P Armbruster, Martin R Berger
Changes in glycosylation are salient features of cancer cells. Here, we report on the diagnostic and therapeutic properties of IDK1, an antibody against tumour associated, hypoglycosylated bone sialoprotein (hypo-BSP). The affinity of the rat monoclonal antibody IDK1 for hypo-BSP, as determined by microscale thermophoresis, was three orders of magnitude higher than for mature BSP, whereas the mouse monoclonal antibody used had similar affinity for both BSP forms. IDK1 showed no activity against the proliferation or migration of normal or cancer cells growing in vitro...
January 2018: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
Zhengxiao Ouyang, Xiaoning Guo, Xia Chen, Bo Liu, Qiang Zhang, Ziqing Yin, Zanjing Zhai, Xinhua Qu, Xuqiang Liu, Dan Peng, Yi Shen, Tang Liu, Qing Zhang
Bone is the most common target organ of metastasis of breast cancers. This produces considerable morbidity due to skeletal-related events, and severely reduces the quality of life. Increased osteoclast activity is implicated in breast cancer outgrowth in the bone microenvironment. Our previous observation of an anti-osteoclastic activity of hypericin, a natural plant compound, led us to investigate whether hypericin could inhibit bone metastasis and osteolysis caused by breast cancer. We find that hypericin inhibited the upregulation of osteoclasts stimulated by breast cancer cells...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Sijie Hao, Laura Ha, Gong Cheng, Yuan Wan, Yiqiu Xia, Donna M Sosnoski, Andrea M Mastro, Si-Yang Zheng
Bone metastasis occurs at ≈70% frequency in metastatic breast cancer. The mechanisms used by tumors to hijack the skeleton, promote bone metastases, and confer therapeutic resistance are poorly understood. This has led to the development of various bone models to investigate the interactions between cancer cells and host bone marrow cells and related physiological changes. However, it is challenging to perform bone studies due to the difficulty in periodic sampling. Herein, a bone-on-a-chip (BC) is reported for spontaneous growth of a 3D, mineralized, collagenous bone tissue...
February 5, 2018: Small
F W Wang, S M Fu, Y C Jin, X H Gong, H D Cheng, K J Wu
Objective: To investigate the principles of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy. Methods: Clinical data of patients with breast cancer during pregnancy admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University between January 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 17 patients were diagnosed with breast cancer in pregnancy, the median age was 32 years (range from 25 to 45 years old), pathological staging revealed 2 patient with stage 0, 1 with stage Ⅱa, 7 with stage Ⅱb, 1 with stage Ⅲa, 2 with stage Ⅲc, 4 with stage Ⅳ...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Linna Li, Ning Su, Ting Zhou, Dayong Zheng, Zheng Wang, Haoyu Chen, Shoujun Yuan, Wenliang Li
ZAK, a mixed lineage kinase, is often described as a positive or negative regulator of cell growth. We identified it as one of the top hits in our kinome cDNA screen for potent regulators of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). Ectopic expression of ZAK promoted EMT phenotypes and apoptosis resistance in multiple epithelial cell lines, while having different impacts on cell growth in different cell lines. Conversely, depletion of ZAK in aggressive mesenchymal cancer cells reversed EMT phenotypes, increased sensitivity to conventional cytotoxic drugs, and attenuated bone metastasis potential, with little impact on primary tumor growth...
February 2, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Wataru Goto, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Yuka Asano, Koji Takada, Tamami Morisaki, Satoru Noda, Tsutomu Takashima, Naoyoshi Onoda, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
A 64-year-old woman visited hospital with a chief complaint of a nodule at the left neck skin. Skin biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma, and the diagnosis was skin metastasis of unknown primary origin. Positron emission tomography and computed tomography showed multiple bone and lymph node metastasis, left breast tumor, bladder tumor, and hydronephrosis. A needle biopsy of breast revealed invasive ductal carcinoma, and transurethral biopsy of bladder revealed adenocarcinoma. The findings were similar to those for the breast and the expression pattern of estrogen-receptor was the same...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hirotoshi Takahashi, Maya Uno, Kazuya Miyoshi
While skull base metastases from breast cancer are not uncommon, there are relatively few reported cases in the literature. We report a case of skull base metastasis of breast cancer that resulted in dysphasia, odynophagia, and dysarthria. The case involved a woman in her 50 s who was diagnosed with cancer of the right breast(cT4N1M0, cStage III B)at another medical institution 9 years previously and who underwent a partial mastectomy and an axillary lymph node dissection following neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yasuhiro Fukui, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Wataru Goto, Yuka Asano, Tamami Morisaki, Satoru Noda, Tsutomu Takashima, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
A 67-year-old female was referred to our hospital because she was pointed out mass in her right breast by her previous doctor. Core needle biopsy examination was performed at that time which revealed invasive ductal carcinoma. There'reno palpable masses in her breast or any superficial lymph nodes on her visiting our hospital. Breast ultrasonography images showed multiple nodules in C area of right breast. Breast enhanced MRI image revealed multiple enhanced nodules which showed rapid arising and plateau or slowly decreasing pattern in time intensity curve...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Koji Takada, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Ryosuke Amano, Wataru Goto, Yuka Asano, Go Ohira, Kenjiro Kimura, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
A 71-year-old woman visited her nearby hospital because jaundice and right hypochondralgia. She was diagnosed as obstructive jaundice due to duodenal papillary carcinoma and was introduced to our hospital. Chest computed tomography showed some tumors in both lung and left breast, then the breast tumor was diagnosed as primary breast cancer by needle biopsy. Since it was difficult to distinguish whether multiple tumor of lung was primary lung cancer or metastasis, right pulmonary partial resection using a thoracoscope was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Koji Takada, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Wataru Goto, Yuka Asano, Tamami Morisaki, Satoru Noda, Tsutomu Takashima, Naoyoshi Onoda, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa, Masaichi Ohira
Adenoma of the nipple is a rare benign tumor, and it is important to distinguish from Paget's disease or breast cancer. A 45- year-old woman had found induration under the right areola before 2 months and visited our hospital. Ultrasonography showed a 2.4 cm solid tumor in a cystic lesion, which had high blood flow in E area of the right mammary gland. The tumor suspected as duct papillomatosis by core needle biopsy. No metastasis lesion was found by computed tomography and bone scintigraphy. But magnetic resonance imaging showed as a marginally clear tumor with contrast enhanced findings that were relatively early reinforced and prolonged...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Soyeon Park, Joon-Kee Yoon, Su Jin Lee, Seok Yun Kang, Hyunee Yim, Young-Sil An
We performed this retrospective clinical study to examine the prognostic power of bone scintigraphy (BS) and F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) in terms of overall survival (OS) of breast cancer with bone-only metastasis.We retrospectively evaluated 100 female invasive ductal breast cancer patients (mean age 48.1 years) with bone-only metastasis. Twenty-five patients had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive tumors, 65 were estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR)-positive, HER2-negative tumors, and 10 were triple negative tumors...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Amanda Parkes, Katherine Clifton, Aydah Al-Awadhi, Oluchi Oke, Carla L Warneke, Jennifer K Litton, Gabriel N Hortobagyi
Metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients with bone only metastasis (BOM) are a unique population with limited characterization. We identified patients followed at MD Anderson Cancer Center from 01/01/1997 to 12/31/2015 for at least 6 months with a BOM diagnosis as first site of metastasis. Tumor subtype (TS) was assessed by initial breast biopsy immunohistochemistry using hormonal receptor (HR) and HER2 status, with four subtypes identified: HR+/HER2-, HR+/HER2+, HR-/HER2-, HR-/HER2+. HR+ was defined as estrogen receptor or progesterone receptor ≥1%...
2018: NPJ Breast Cancer
Yu-Heng Vivian Ma, Candy Lam, Shreyash Dalmia, Peter Gao, Jacob Young, Kevin Middleton, Chao Liu, Henry Xu, Lidan You
Bone metastases, the migration of cancers to bone, occur in 65-80% of patients with advanced breast cancer. Metastasized cancer cells interact with cells such as the bone-resorbing osteoclasts to alter bone remodeling. Exercise, often suggested as an intervention for cancer patients, regulates bone remodeling via osteocytes. Osteocytes also signal to endothelial cells, which may affect cancer cell extravasation. Therefore, we hypothesize that mechanically stimulated osteocytes can regulate processes in breast cancer bone metastasis...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Valérie Dorion, Louise Lambert, Alexandra Frazzi, Jean-François Cayer, Philip Wong
Purpose Radiation therapy (RT) has been a frequently used treatment for painful bone metastasis. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using activity trackers (AT) to assess the patient prognosis and the effects of palliative RT. Methods and materials Twelve patients planned to receive palliative RT for axial metastases and were prospectively recruited to participate in this pilot clinical trial. The patients were eligible if there was no intent to change the analgesic medications prior to or within seven days of palliative RT...
November 22, 2017: Curēus
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