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Hplc pharmacokinetics

Shehla Akbar, Fazal Subhan, Nasiara Karim, Muhammad Shahid, Nisar Ahmad, Gowhar Ali, Wajahat Mahmood, Khwaja Fawad
BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathy is the most prevalent, persistent and debilitating complication of diabetes mellitus often coupled with vulvodynia that may present as an isolated symptom or as a part of constellation of other neuropathic abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: Flavonoids have selective affinity for GABA receptors and 6-methoxyflavanone (6-MeOF) is a positive allosteric modulator of GABA responses at human recombinant GABAA receptors. GABAergic and opioidergic system inhibition have been shown to facilitate neuropathic pain...
October 17, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yu-Tse Wu, Meng-Ting Cai, Chih-Wei Chang, Ching-Chi Yen, Mei-Chich Hsu
An analytical method entailing high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrochemical detection was developed for determining forsythiaside (FTS) in rat plasma. Rat plasma samples were prepared through efficient trichloroacetic acid deproteination. FTS and the internal standard were chromatographically separated on a reversed-phase core-shell silica C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, i.d. 2.6 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of an acetonitrile-0.05-M phosphate solution (11.8:88.2, v/v), at a flow rate of 400 μL/min...
October 16, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Artem D Rogachev, Olga I Yarovaya, Sergey V Ankov, Mikhail V Khvostov, Tatyana G Tolstikova, Andrey G Pokrovsky, Nariman F Salakhutdinov
A fast, selective and sensitive procedure for quantitation of the camphor-based anti-influenza agent camphecene in whole rat blood was developed and validated using dried blood spots and LC-MS/MS. The method was validated according to recommendations of the FDA and EMA in terms of selectivity, linearity, accuracy, precision, recovery, matrix factor, stability, and carry-over. Sample preparation included spotting 20μL of whole blood taken from the tail vein onto the paper, drying and extracting the analyte, followed by evaporation of the solvent and analysis of the residue...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Yuli Hu, Shoujun Fan, Xiaobing Liao, Chao Chen, Liang Su, Xuegang Li
Berberine (BBR) is a bioactive plant ingredient derived from the roots and bark of Berberis aristata and Coptis chinensis and has a wide variety of pharmacological effects. 8-cetylberberine (8-BBR-C16) is the berberine (BBR) derivative reconstructed from adding octadecyl at C-8 of BBR to enhance its activity. This study presents a reliable method for the determination of BBR and 8-BBR-C16 in rat plasma, urine and feces. BBR and 8-BBR-C16 were determined by HPLC-UV after liquid-liquid extraction for plasma samples, and solid-phase extraction for urinary and fecal samples...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Nayan Patel, Paula Pera, Penny Joshi, Mykhaylo Dukh, Walter A Tabaczynski, Kevin E Siters, Mark Kryman, Ravindra R Cheruku, Farukh Durrani, Joseph R Missert, Ramona Watson, Tymish Y Ohulchanskyy, Erin Tracy, Heinz Baumann, Ravindra K Pandey
We report herein, the synthesis and biological efficacy of near-infrared (NIR), bacteriochlorin analogs: 3-(1'-butyloxy)ethyl-3-deacetyl-bacteriopurpurin-18-N-butylimide methyl ester (3) and the corresponding carboxylic acid 10. In in vitro assays, compared to its methyl ester analog 3, the corresponding carboxylic acid derivative 10 showed higher photosensitizing efficacy. However, due to drastically different pharmacokinetics in vivo, the PS 3 (HPLC purity > 99%) showed higher tumor uptake and long-term tumor cure than 10 (HPLC purity > 96...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Xiaowei Xiang, Bing Shang, Xiaozheng Wang, Qinhua Chen
Yohimbine is a novel compounds for treatment of erectile dysfunction derived from natural products and pharmacokinetic study is important for its further development as a new medicine. In this work, we developed a novel PEEK tube-based solid-phase microextraction (SPME)-HPLC method for analysis of yohimbine in plasma and further for pharmacokinetic study. Poly (AA-EGDMA) was synthesized inside PEEK tube as the sorbent for microextraction of yohimbine, and parameters that could influence extraction efficiency were systematically investigated...
October 14, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Janine Stucke-Ring, Julian Ronnacker, Caroline Brand, Carsten Höltke, Christoph Schliemann, Torsten Kessler, Lars Henning Schmidt, Saliha Harrach, Verena Mantke, Heike Hintelmann, Wolfgang Hartmann, Eva Wardelmann, Georg Lenz, Bernhard Wünsch, Carsten Müller-Tidow, Rolf M Mesters, Christian Schwöppe, Wolfgang E Berdel
Truncated tissue factor (tTF), retargeted to tumor vasculature by GNGRAHA peptide (tTF-NGR), and doxorubicin have therapeutic activity against a variety of tumors. We report on combination experiments of both drugs using different schedules. We have tested fluorescence- and HPLC-based intratumoral pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin, flow cytometry for cellular phosphatidylserine (PS) expression, and tumor xenograft studies for showing in vivo apoptosis, proliferation decrease, and tumor shrinkage upon combination therapy with doxorubicin and induced tumor vascular infarction...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Natalija Nakov, Liljana Bogdanovska, Jelena Acevska, Jasmina Tonic-Ribarska, Rumenka Petkovska, Aneta Dimitrovska, Lilia Kasabova, Dobrin Svinarov
In this research, as a part of the development of fast and reliable HPLC-MS/MS method for quantification of ibuprofen (IBP) enantiomers in human plasma, the possibility of IBP acylglucoronide (IBP-Glu) back-conversion was assessed. This involved investigation of in source and in vitro back-conversion. The separation of IBP enantiomers, its metabolite and rac-IBP-d3 (internal standard), was achieved within 6 min using Chiracel OJ-RH chromatographic column (150 × 2.1 mm, 5 μm). The followed selected reaction monitoring transitions for IBP-Glu (m/z 381...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Huma Ali, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Farya Zafar, Muhammad Hanif, Rabia Bushra, Asia Naz, Raheela Khursheed
This study was conducted with the aim to determine the pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence of diclofenac potassium 50 mg test (F4) tablet formulation with reference product (Caflam). Present study was single dose, randomized, two phase cross over design, conducted in 12 healthy Pakistani volunteers and planned in accordance with FDA guidelines. In this study a simple, selective, sensitive and reproducible HPLC procedure was developed and validated for the estimation of diclofenac potassium in plasma. The process was validated in the range of 50 - 0...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Chunxiao Li, Meiying Ning, Xiaodong Yao, Yankun Wang, Ying Liu
Preparation and in vitro/in vivo evaluation of gestodene (GEST) intravaginal ring (IVR) formulations which can release a constant dose of GEST during 3 weeks were investigated. In present study a reservoir gestodene intravaginal ring, including a gestodene silicone elastomer core and the non-active silicone layer, was reported, which was manufactured by reaction injection moulding at 80°C for 20 min. The raw materials compatibility experiments showed that the silicone elastomer core carrier wouldn't interact with drugs...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Samah A Mohammed, Maya S Eissa, Hytham M Ahmed
Fast and sensitive HPLC method was developed, optimized and validated for quantification of linezolid (LNZ) in human plasma using guaifenesin as an internal standard (IS). Analyte and IS were extracted from plasma by simple protein precipitation extraction technique using methanol as the precipitating solvent. The pretreated samples were injected in a mobile phase formed of acetonitrile:water:methanol (20:70:10v/v/v) in an isocratic mode at a flow rate of 1.5mL/min with UV detection at 251nm. Separation was done using Aglient ODS C18...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Seyedeh-Somayeh Zamani, Mohsen Hossieni, Mahmoud Etebari, Pirooz Salehian, Soltan Ahmad Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Recently flavonoids have attracted the attention of researchers in the fight against cancer. Calycopterin and xanthomicrol, are two polymethoxylated flavonoids found in the aerial parts of Dracocephalum kotschyi Bioss.. We have recently shown that these compounds possess antiangiogenic activity and may be of value as potential anticancer agents. In order to demonstrate putative in vivo antitumor effect of these compounds we needed preliminary information on both pharmacokinetics and toxicological properties of these two agents...
October 4, 2016: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Krm Ferrier, C E van Elk, P E Bunskoek, Mph van den Broek
Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) can suffer from fungal infections, which can be treated with voriconazole. In common practice, the voriconazole doses are extrapolated from human doses by adjusting for body weight only, because no dose regimen is available yet. Therefore, the aim of this study was to define a dose regimen for voriconazole in bottlenose dolphins. Dolphins treated with voriconazole between November 2005 and September 2015 at the Dolfinarium Harderwijk, the Netherlands, and TDM was performed were included...
October 4, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Jodi M Lestner, Andreas H Groll, Ghaith Aljayyoussi, Nita L Seibel, Aziza Shad, Corina Gonzalez, Lauren V Wood, Paul F Jarosinski, Thomas J Walsh, William W Hope
BACKGROUND: Liposomal amphotericin B (LAmB) is widely used in the treatment of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in adults and children. There are relatively limited PK data to inform optimal dosing in children that achieves systemic drug exposures comparable to those of adults. OBJECTIVES: To describe the pharmacokinetics of LAmB in children aged 1-17 years with suspected or documented IFD. METHODS: Thirty-five children were treated with LAmB at dosages of 2...
October 3, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Sandra Ventura, Márcio Rodrigues, Sarah Pousinho, Amílcar Falcão, Gilberto Alves
A simple and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method with diode-array detection (HPLC-DAD) using microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) during the sample preparation step was developed and validated to quantify lamotrigine (LTG) in rat plasma and brain samples. MEPS variables such as pH, number of draw-eject cycles, and washing and desorption conditions were optimized. The chromatographic resolution of LTG and chloramphenicol, used as internal standard (IS), was accomplished in less than 5min on a C18 column, at 35°C, using an isocratic elution with acetonitrile (13%), methanol (13%) and water-triethylamine (99...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Anu Marahatta, Vandana Megaraj, Patrick T McGann, Russell E Ware, Kenneth D R Setchell
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a life-threatening blood disorder characterized by the presence of sickle-shaped erythrocytes. Hydroxyurea is currently the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment and there is a need for a convenient method to monitor compliance and hydroxyurea concentrations, especially in pediatric SCA patients. METHODS: We describe a novel approach to the determination of hydroxyurea concentrations in dried whole blood collected on DMPK-C cards or volumetric absorptive microsampling (VAMS) devices...
September 30, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
Seungmok Choi, Minsoo Kim, Changhee Kim, Jae-Kwan Hwang, Wonku Kang
Although xanthorrhizol, a sesquiterpenoid oil isolated from the rhizoma of Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. known as Java turmeric, represents a variety of pharmacological activities, to date, there have been no validated determination methods of xanthorrhizol in biological samples. Thus, we developed a liquid chromatographic method using a tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of xanthorrhizol in rat plasma. After simple protein precipitation with acetonitrile including diclofenac (internal standard, IS), the analytes were chromatographed on a reversed-phased column with a mobile phase of 20mM ammonium acetate aqueous solution and acetonitrile (20:80, v/v)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Viviane S Magalhães, Yara P Cid, Thais P Ferreira, Deborah M V Medeiros, Lilian C de S O Batista, Thais R Correia, André L M Albert, Fabio B Scott
With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but informally is extremely used to control of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus. The aim of this study is evaluate the use of IVM in dogs, by the oral route at 0.6μg/kg dose, against experimental infection of these parasites using the construction of the plasma concentration curve and efficacy study...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Mosab Arafat, Cathrin Kirchhoefer, Momir Mikov
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cefotaxime is a class III drug according to the Biopharmaceutical Classification System due to low intestinal permeability based on poor oral bioavailability. Bile salt compounds have been shown to be effective additive for drug permeation through several biological membranes. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of a mixed micelles made of phosphatidylcholine, sodium deoxycholate, and loaded with a cefotaxime-3α,7α-dihydroxy-12-keto-5β-cholanate complex to enhance the oral bioavailability of cefotaxime in rats...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Xingang Li, Yuanxing Wu, Shusen Sun, Zhigang Zhao, Qiang Wang
Our previous study indicates that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) albumin level is a determinant of CSF vancomycin concentration for postoperative neurosurgical patients. We aimed to develop an improved vancomycin population pharmacokinetic model with incorporation of more covariates, and to provide dosing guidance for clinicians. Vancomycin was administered intravenously to 20 patients with external ventricular drains after neurosurgical operation. Blood and CSF were collected and vancomycin concentrations were measured by HPLC...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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