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Fetal ventriculomegaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889762/correlation-between-fetal-mild-ventriculomegaly-and-biometric-parameters
#1
Michal Fishel-Bartal, Daniel Shai, Avi Shina, Reuven Achiron, Eldad Katorza
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between fetal lateral ventricle width and biometric measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study on 335 fetuses, 101 fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly and a control group of 234 fetuses with a normal US examination. All fetuses underwent a detailed brain ultrasound scan and a full biometric evaluation. To further compare biometric parameters, we matched, according to gestational week and gender, 91 fetuses from the study group to 91 fetuses from the control group...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807863/prenatal-diagnosis-of-complex-phenotype-in-a-13-week-old-fetus-with-an-interstitial-multigene-deletion-20q13-13-q13-2-by-chromosomal-microarray
#2
Feodora Stipoljev, Danka Miric-Tesanic, Tomislav Hafner, Maja Barbalic, Monika Logara, Ruzica Lasan-Trcic, Ana Vicic, Romana Gjergja-Juraski
We report the first trimester three-dimensional ultrasonographic findings in a 13-week-old fetus with complex phenotype and a de novo 4.7 Mb multigene deletion encompassing chromosome region 20q13.13-q13.2 detected by chromosomal microarray. Fetal sonography detected radial-ray anomalies in the form of bilateral absence of thumbs and the left club hand deformity. The presence of single atrioventricular canal instead of the atrial septal defect typical for Holt-Oram syndrome pointed us to rather suspect the SALL4 related diseases...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780216/neuroimaging-findings-of-congenital-toxoplasmosis-cytomegalovirus-and-zika-virus-infections-a-comparison-of-three-cases
#3
Heron Werner, Pedro Daltro, Tatiana Fazecas, Mohammad Zare Mehrjardi, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVE: Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Zika virus (ZIKV) are among the common infectious agents that may infect the fetuses vertically. Clinical presentations of these congenital infections overlap significantly, and it is usually impossible to determine the causative agent clinically. The objective was the comparison of neuroimaging findings in three fetuses who underwent intrauterine infection by toxoplasmosis, CMV, and ZIKV. METHODS: Three confirmed cases of congenital toxoplasmosis, CMV, and ZIKV infections were included in the study over 7 months prospectively...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777863/-application-of-chromosome-microarray-analysis-for-the-delineation-of-pathogenesis-for-fetal-ventriculomegaly
#4
Zhouzhou Li, Fang Fu, Tingying Lei, Ru Li, Xiangyi Jing, Xin Yang, Jin Han, Min Pan, Li Zhen, Can Liao
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of genome-wide high-resolution chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the delineation of pathogenesis for fetal ventriculomegaly diagnosed by ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Three hundred and forty-one cases of fetal ventriculomegaly were collected. The samples were grouped based on the extent of lateral ventricular dilatation, presence of additional features, site of occurrence, and the maternal age. All samples were subjected to karyotyping analysis...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700500/formation-of-the-calcarine-sulcus-a-potential-marker-to-predict-the-progression-in-utero-of-isolated-mild-fetal-ventriculomegaly
#5
Hehong Li, Guangjian Liu, Fangqin Lin, Huiying Liang
Our previous study confirmed the negative association between the development of calcarine sulcus and the width of lateral ventricles. The purpose of current study was to evaluate the reliability of calcarine sulcus depth in the 2nd trimester to predict the prenatal enlargement of lateral ventricle in fetuses with isolated mild fetal ventriculomegaly (IMVM).This study used a retrospective cohort study design. A total of 97 pregnant women with IMVM diagnosed between 20 and 26 weeks' gestation returned for a 2nd examination at 30 to 32 weeks...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626857/fetal-intracranial-hemorrhage-role-of-fetal-mri
#6
Laura Sanapo, Matthew T Whitehead, Dorothy I Bulas, Homa K Ahmadzia, Lindsay Pesacreta, Taeun Chang, Adre du Plessis
OBJECTIVE: To date, prenatal diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is mainly based on ultrasound (US) findings rather than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to investigate the role of MRI in the diagnosis of fetal ICH among pregnancies referred to fetal MRI and to characterize the topography of fetal ICH using MRI. METHODS: We retrospectively identified fetal ICH cases diagnosed by MRI from 2008 to 2015 and reviewed their prenatal and postnatal medical records...
June 19, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622418/severe-apparently-isolated-fetal-ventriculomegaly-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome
#7
Mathilde Letouzey, Alexandra Chadie, Marie Brasseur-Daudruy, François Proust, Eric Verspyck, Pascal Boileau, Stéphane Marret
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to assess the neurodevelopmental outcome of children with a prenatal diagnosis of apparently isolated severe ventriculomegaly (SVM). METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study from 1994 to 2011. We included fetuses with unilateral or bilateral ventriculomegaly equal to or greater than 15 mm at prenatal ultrasound and confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging, whose parents chose continuation of pregnancy past 22 weeks, and with no associated findings at diagnosis (i...
August 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612638/should-isolated-fetal-ventriculomegaly-measured-below-12%C3%A2-mm-be-viewed-as-a-variant-of-the-norm-results-of-a-5-year-experience-in-a-prenatal-referral-center
#8
Anaïs Lavongtheung, Guillaume Jedraszak, Philippe Naepels, Pierre Tourneux, Catherine Gondry-Jouet, Anne-Gaëlle Le Moing, Jean Gondry, Julien Chevreau
BACKGROUND: Fetal ventriculomegaly (VM) is defined as lateral ventricles measured above 10 mm. Some authors believe VM <12 mm are variants of the norm and need not be addressed for referral ultrasound. METHODS: A retrospective continuous cohort study of 127 confirmed fetal VM was divided into three groups after initial referral sonographic assessment: isolated VM <12 mm (group A), isolated VM ≥12 mm (group B), and VM associated with other malformations (group C)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610628/case-report-microcephaly-associated-with-zika-virus-infection-colombia
#9
Salim Mattar, Carolina Ojeda, Janna Arboleda, German Arrieta, Irene Bosch, Ingrid Botia, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Carlos Perez-Yepes, Lee Gerhke, German Montero
BACKGROUND: Recently there has been a large outbreak of Zika virus infections in Colombia, South America. The epidemic began in September 2015 and continued to April 2017, for the total number of Zika cases reported of 107,870. For those confirmed Zika cases, there were nearly 20,000 (18.5%) suspected to be pregnant women, resulting in 157 confirmed cases of microcephaly in newborns reported by their health government agency. There is a clear under-estimation of the total number of cases and in addition no prior publications have been published to demonstrate the clinical aspects of the Zika infection in Colombia...
June 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596193/mr-imaging-diagnosis-of-diencephalic-mesencephalic-junction-dysplasia-in-fetuses-with-developmental-ventriculomegaly
#10
M Severino, A Righini, D Tortora, L Pinelli, C Parazzini, G Morana, P Accorsi, V Capra, D Paladini, A Rossi
Diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia is a rare malformation characterized by a poorly defined junction between the diencephalon and the mesencephalon, associated with a characteristic butterfly-like contour of the midbrain (butterfly sign). This condition may be variably associated with other brain malformations, including callosal abnormalities and supratentorial ventricular dilation, and is a potential cause of developmental hydrocephalus. Here, we have reported 13 fetuses with second-trimester obstructive ventriculomegaly and MR features of diencephalic-mesencephalic junction dysplasia, correlating the fetal imaging with available pathology and/or postnatal data...
June 8, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594771/serial-head-and-brain-imaging-of-17-fetuses-with-confirmed-zika-virus-infection-in-colombia-south-america
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Miguel Parra-Saavedra, Jennita Reefhuis, Juan Pablo Piraquive, Suzanne M Gilboa, Martina L Badell, Cynthia A Moore, Marcela Mercado, Diana Valencia, Denise J Jamieson, Mauricio Beltran, Magda Sanz-Cortes, Ana Maria Rivera-Casas, Mayel Yepez, Guido Parra, Martha Ospina Martinez, Margaret A Honein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging findings among a series of pregnant women with confirmed Zika virus infection to evaluate the signs of congenital Zika syndrome with respect to timing of infection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of pregnant women referred to two perinatal clinics in Barranquilla and Ibagué, Colombia, who had findings consistent with congenital Zika syndrome and Zika virus infection confirmed in maternal, fetal, or neonatal samples...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593553/prenatal-diagnosis-of-spina-bifida-from-intracranial-translucency-to-intrauterine-surgery
#12
Waldo Sepulveda, Amy E Wong, Francisco Sepulveda, Juan L Alcalde, Juan C Devoto, Felipe Otayza
Accurate and timely prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida (SB) is a major goal of modern antenatal care. Prenatal screening for open SB should be first performed at the time of routine first-trimester ultrasound by examining the posterior fossa for obliteration or non-visualization of the fourth ventricle ("intracranial translucency") and cisterna magna. The second step of screening is the second-trimester anatomy scan, at which time the features of the Chiari type II malformation should be looked for, including ventriculomegaly, scalloping of the frontal bones ("lemon" sign), and backward and caudal displacement of the cerebellar vermis with obliteration of the cisterna magna ("banana" sign)...
July 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585870/accuracy-of-diagnosis-and-counseling-of-fetal-brain-anomalies-prior-to-24%C3%A2-weeks-of-gestational-age
#13
Rozemarijn Snoek, Marieke E W A Albers, Eduard J H Mulder, Klaske D Lichtenbelt, Linda S de Vries, Peter G J Nikkels, Inge Cuppen, Lourens R Pistorius, Gwendolyn T R Manten, Roel de Heus
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of prenatal neurosonography in diagnosing underlying causes of fetal ventriculomegaly, posterior fossa anomalies and microcephaly before 24 weeks' gestational age (GA) and to study the accuracy of prenatal counseling on postnatal prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study based on 146 cases of these fetal brain anomalies before 24 weeks' GA. Counseling on prognosis was compared with postnatal outcome. Data on genetic testing was analyzed...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568219/neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-isolated-ventriculomegaly-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Omer Bar-Yosef, Eran Barzilay, Sara Dorembus, Reuven Achiron, Eldad Katorza
OBJECTIVE: Data regarding the neurodevelopmental outcome of children diagnosed in utero with isolated ventriculomegaly (IVM) are limited and principally founded on ultrasound-based studies. Here, we endeavored to assess the outcome of such cases in a large-scale, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based study. METHODS: We conducted a study on 133 cases of IVM with a documented fetal brain MRI scan. Children were assessed at ages 18 to 36 months by using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS)...
May 31, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510072/fetal-ventriculomegaly-diagnosis-treatment-and-future-directions
#15
Jared M Pisapia, Saurabh Sinha, Deborah M Zarnow, Mark P Johnson, Gregory G Heuer
Fetal ventriculomegaly (VM) refers to the enlargement of the cerebral ventricles in utero. It is associated with the postnatal diagnosis of hydrocephalus. VM is clinically diagnosed on ultrasound and is defined as an atrial diameter greater than 10 mm. Because of the anatomic detailed seen with advanced imaging, VM is often further characterized by fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Fetal VM is a heterogeneous condition with various etiologies and a wide range of neurodevelopmental outcomes. These outcomes are heavily dependent on the presence or absence of associated anomalies and the direct cause of the ventriculomegaly rather than on the absolute degree of VM...
July 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509324/three-dimensional-neurosonography-a-novel-field-in-fetal-medicine
#16
Michał Lipa, Ritsuko Kimata Pooh, Mirosław Wielgoś
Neurosonography is a promising technique for prenatal diagnosis, combining features of ultrasound imaging with fetal neurology. The brain is a three-dimensional structure, therefore observing brain structure in the three basic planes (sagittal, coronal and axial) is mandatory. The anterior fontanelle and sagittal suture may serve as acoustic ultrasound windows in the transvaginal brain scan, allowing to obtain high-resolution neuroimages of the intracranial structures. Furthermore, three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound combined with the transvaginal brain approach provides detailed and sophisticated neuroimages...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508343/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Karl Oliver Kagan, Klaus Hamprecht
PURPOSE: Due to the severe risk of long-term sequelae, prenatal cytomegalovirus infection is of particular importance amongst intrauterine viral infections. This review summarizes the current knowledge about CMV infection in pregnancy. METHODS: A search of the Medline and Embase database was done for articles about CMV infection in pregnany. We performed a detailed review of the literature in view of diagnosis, epidemiology and management of CMV infection in pregnancy...
July 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475388/natural-history-of-fetal-isolated-ventriculomegaly-comparison-between-pre-and-post-natal-imaging
#18
Sharon Perlman, Omer Bar-Yosef, Jeffrey-Michael Jacobson, Yinon Gilboa, Estela Derazne, Reuven Achiron, Eldad Katorza
Purpose - The aim of our study was to assess the agreement between pre- and post-natal measurements in prenatal isolated ventriculomegaly. Methods - Ninety-two women were referred for lateral ventricular abnormality and followed prospectively. Cases with at least one dilated lateral ventricle ≥ 10 mm and a normal work up (serological tests, detailed anatomical scan, fetal brain MR imaging, genetic counseling and amniocentesis) were considered idiopathic ventriculomegaly and comprised the study group for post-natal follow up...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441836/-clinical-value-of-prenatal-mri-in-the-diagnosis-of-fetal-simple-expansion-of-lateral-ventricle-and-follow-up-after-birth
#19
Z Li, P Y He, Z Q Luo, L M Pan, Y N Chen, G S Shen, Z H Fei, M Y Li, X M Fang, L H Qi, M S Liu
Objective: To explore the value of prenatal MRI in the diagnosis of fetal simple expansion of lateral ventricle (ventriculomegaly) , and follow up the nervous system development status after birth. Methods: Simple expansion of the lateral ventricle fetus by prenatal MRI examination were collected in Huzhou Maternal and Child Care Hospital from May 2013 to June 2015, 126 cases of live births in expansion group, 50 normal cases were recruited in the same period as the control group. In expansion group, fetal subgroup analysis was done: (1) unilateral or bilateral lateral ventricle expasion: one group was 98 cases was lateral ventricle expansion (77...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437855/mild-fetal-cerebral-ventriculomegaly-prevalence-characteristics-and-utility-of-ancillary-testing-in-cases-presenting-to-a-tertiary-referral-center
#20
Alison J Mehlhorn, Cara E Morin, Jade J Wong-You-Cheong, Stephen A Contag
OBJECTIVE: Ventriculomegaly is the most common fetal brain anomaly identified during prenatal anatomy ultrasound. The aim of our study was to characterize cases of mild ventriculomegaly and investigate the utility of ancillary tests. METHOD: We reviewed 121 cases of mild ventriculomegaly, defined as lateral ventricle diameter of 10 to 15 mm. Characteristics of the ventricular dilation as well as each pregnancy were investigated. Ancillary tests performed included follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), chromosomal abnormality testing, and maternal serologic infection screening...
July 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
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