keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fetal ventriculomegaly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279990/hindbrain-herniation-in-chiari-ii-malformation-on-fetal-and-postnatal-mri
#1
U D Nagaraj, K S Bierbrauer, B Zhang, J L Peiro, B M Kline-Fath
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As the practice of in utero repair of myelomeningoceles becomes more prevalent, knowledge of the expected MR imaging findings has become increasingly important. Our aim was to examine neuroimaging findings with a focus on hindbrain herniation and ventricular size in fetuses with open spinal dysraphism and to compare them with postnatal imaging features in groups undergoing prenatal-versus-postnatal repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center retrospective analysis was performed on MRIs of fetuses with open spinal dysraphism from January 2004 through July 2015 with available postnatal imaging...
March 9, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260505/copy-number-variations-with-isolated-fetal-ventriculomegaly
#2
P Hu, Y Wang, R Sun, L Cao, X Chen, C Liu, C Luo, D Ma, W Wang, X Fu, W Shi, S Yi, K Zhang, H Liu, Z Xu
BACKGROUND: Copy Number Variations (CNVs) are an important genetic cause of a number of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDs). However, the association between CNVs and the development and prognosis of isolated fetal ventriculomegaly (IMV) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate possible associations between CNVs and the development of fetal IMV. METHODS: This retrospective study recruited 154 subjects with ultrasound-confirmed fetal IMV and 190 subjects in a control cohort who underwent a high-risk prenatal serum screening program...
March 3, 2017: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237026/value-of-brain-mri-when-sonography-raises-suspicion-of-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum-in-fetuses
#3
A Jarre, R Llorens Salvador, G Montoliu Fornas, A Montoya Filardi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in fetuses with a previous sonographic suspicion of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) to confirm the diagnosis and to detect associated intracranial anomalies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-center retrospective and descriptive observational study of the brain MRI performed in 78 fetuses with ACC sonographic suspicion between January 2006 and December 2015. Two experts in fetal imaging reviewed the MRI findings to evaluate the presence and morphology of the corpus callosum...
February 22, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059712/fetal-brain-anomalies-associated-with-ventriculomegaly-or-asymmetry-an-mri-based-study
#4
E Barzilay, O Bar-Yosef, S Dorembus, R Achiron, E Katorza
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fetal lateral ventriculomegaly is a relatively common finding with much debate over its clinical significance. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between ventriculomegaly and asymmetry and concomitant CNS findings as seen in fetal brain MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal brain MR imaging performed for various indications, including ventriculomegaly, with or without additional ultrasound findings, was assessed for possible inclusion...
November 10, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059680/correlations-of-atrial-diameter-and-frontooccipital-horn-ratio-with-ventricle-size-in-fetal-ventriculomegaly
#5
Jared M Pisapia, Martin Rozycki, Hamed Akbari, Spyridon Bakas, Jayesh P Thawani, Julie S Moldenhauer, Phillip B Storm, Deborah M Zarnow, Christos Davatzikos, Gregory G Heuer
OBJECTIVE Fetal ventriculomegaly (FV), or enlarged cerebral ventricles in utero, is defined in fetal studies as an atrial diameter (AD) greater than 10 mm. In postnatal studies, the frontooccipital horn ratio (FOHR) is commonly used as a proxy for ventricle size (VS); however, its role in FV has not been assessed. Using image analysis techniques to quantify VS on fetal MR images, authors of the present study examined correlations between linear measures (AD and FOHR) and VS in patients with FV. METHODS The authors performed a cross-sectional study using fetal MR images to measure AD in the axial plane at the level of the atria of the lateral ventricles and to calculate FOHR as the average of the frontal and occipital horn diameters divided by the biparietal distance...
March 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040135/pallister-killian-syndrome-cytogenetics-and-molecular-investigations-of-mosaic-tetrasomy-12p-in-prenatal-chorionic-villus-and-in-amniocytes-strategy-of-prenatal-diagnosis
#6
Francesco Libotte, Domenico Bizzoco, Ivan Gabrielli, Alvaro Mesoraca, Pietro Cignini, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Ilaria Marilli, Ferdinando Antonio Gulino, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Claudio Giorlandino
OBJECTIVE: Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare, sporadic genetic disorder caused by mosaic tetrasomy of the short arm of chromosome 12 (12p). Clinically, PKS is characterized by several systemic abnormalities, such as intellectual impairment, hearing loss, epilepsy, hypotonia, craniofacial dysmorphism, pigmentary skin anomalies, epilepsy, and a variety of congenital malformations. Prenatally, PKS can be suspected in the presence of ultrasound anomalies: diaphragmatic hernia, rhizomelic micromelia, hydrops fetalis, fetal overweight, ventriculomegaly in the central nervous system, congenital heart defects, or absent visualization of the stomach...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992967/role-of-fetal-mri-in-the-evaluation-of-isolated-and-non-isolated-corpus-callosum-dysgenesis-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Lucia Manganaro, Silvia Bernardo, Corrado De Vito, Amanda Antonelli, Enrica Marchionni, Valeria Vinci, Matteo Saldari, Letizia Di Meglio, Antonella Giancotti, Evelina Silvestri, Carlo Catalano, Antonio Pizzuti
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to characterize isolated and non-isolated forms of corpus callosum dysgenesis (CCD) at fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to identify early predictors of associated anomalies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 104 fetuses with CCD undergoing MRI between 2006 and 2016. Corpus callosum, cavum septi pellucidi, biometry, presence of ventriculomegaly, gyration anomalies, cranio-encephalic abnormalities and body malformations were evaluated...
December 19, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960197/birth-defects-among-fetuses-and-infants-of-us-women-with-evidence-of-possible-zika-virus-infection-during-pregnancy
#8
Margaret A Honein, April L Dawson, Emily E Petersen, Abbey M Jones, Ellen H Lee, Mahsa M Yazdy, Nina Ahmad, Jennifer Macdonald, Nicole Evert, Andrea Bingham, Sascha R Ellington, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Titilope Oduyebo, Anne D Fine, Catherine M Brown, Jamie N Sommer, Jyoti Gupta, Philip Cavicchia, Sally Slavinski, Jennifer L White, S Michele Owen, Lyle R Petersen, Coleen Boyle, Dana Meaney-Delman, Denise J Jamieson
Importance: Understanding the risk of birth defects associated with Zika virus infection during pregnancy may help guide communication, prevention, and planning efforts. In the absence of Zika virus, microcephaly occurs in approximately 7 per 10 000 live births. Objective: To estimate the preliminary proportion of fetuses or infants with birth defects after maternal Zika virus infection by trimester of infection and maternal symptoms. Design, Setting, and Participants: Completed pregnancies with maternal, fetal, or infant laboratory evidence of possible recent Zika virus infection and outcomes reported in the continental United States and Hawaii from January 15 to September 22, 2016, in the US Zika Pregnancy Registry, a collaboration between the CDC and state and local health departments...
January 3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790130/a-case-of-hydranencephaly-in-which-ophthalmic-examinations-were-performed
#9
Shohei Eda, Tomoko Terai, Yuko Nishikawa, Masahiro Tonari, Teruyo Kida, Hidehiro Oku, Jun Sugasawa, Shuichi Shimakawa, Masashi Hasegawa, Tohru Ogihara, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: We performed ophthalmic examinations, including optical coherence tomography (OCT), on a case diagnosed with hydranencephaly. CASE REPORT: This case involved a female infant born at the gestational age of 35 weeks and 4 days, with the birth weight of 2,152 g, who was one of monochorionic diamniotic twins, and the identical twin died in utero at the gestational age of 24 weeks. After that, examination by fetal echo indicated that she had microcephaly and ventriculomegaly...
September 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783870/magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-correlation-analysis-between-calcarine-sulcus-development-and-isolated-fetal-ventriculomegaly
#10
Hehong Li, Huiying Liang, Huiying Wu
Fetal ventriculomegaly development leads to neurological, motor, and/or cognitive impairment, and is presently diagnosed based on the width of the atrium in the lateral ventricle. But in this study, we have tried to assess the relationship between the development of calcarine sulcus and width of fetal lateral ventricles, to assess if calcarine sulcus can also be used for fetal ventriculomegaly diagnosis. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from 45 subjects with isolated mild fetal ventriculomegaly (IMVM)...
March 2017: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734711/findings-and-differential-diagnosis-of-fetal-intracranial-haemorrhage-and-fetal-ischaemic-brain-injury-what-is-the-role-of-fetal-mri
#11
REVIEW
Bryn Putbrese, Anne Kennedy
Ventriculomegaly (VM) is a non-specific finding on fetal imaging. Identification of the specific aetiology is important, as it affects prognosis and may even change the course of current or future pregnancies. In this review, we will focus on the application of fetal MRI to demonstrate intracranial haemorrhage and ischaemic brain injury as opposed to other causes of VM. MRI is able to identify the specific aetiology of VM with much more sensitivity and specificity than ultrasound and should be considered whenever VM is identified on obstetric ultrasound...
February 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729957/fetal-central-nervous-system-anomalies-detected-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-two-year-experience
#12
Sepideh Sefidbakht, Sakineh Dehghani, Maryam Safari, Homeira Vafaei, Maryam Kasraeian
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is gradually becoming more common for thorough visualization of the fetus than ultrasound (US), especially for neurological anomalies, which are the most common indications for fetal MRI and are a matter of concern for both families and society. OBJECTIVES: We investigated fetal MRIs carried out in our center for frequency of central nervous system anomalies. This is the first such report in southern Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seven (107) pregnant women with suspicious fetal anomalies in prenatal ultrasound entered a cross-sectional retrospective study from 2011 to 2013...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726416/zika-virus-associated-micrencephaly-a-thorough-description-of-neuropathologic-findings-in-the-fetal-central-nervous-system
#13
Peter Štrafela, Alenka Vizjak, Jerica Mraz, Jernej Mlakar, Jože Pižem, Nataša Tul, Tatjana Avšič Županc, Mara Popović
CONTEXT: -The 2015 outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil resulted in a 20-times increased prevalence of congenital microcephaly in stillborns and neonates and was instrumental in raising the suspicion of a causal association between Zika virus and microcephaly. OBJECTIVE: -To provide a comprehensive description of the neuropathologic features of congenital Zika virus infection. DESIGN: -Autopsy evaluation of the brain from a fetus of 32 weeks and 6 days of gestation, with a prenatal diagnosis of microcephaly associated with polymerase chain reaction-confirmed, fetal, Zika virus infection...
January 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717929/ultrasonographic-peculiarities-of-fetoplacental-complex-in-pregnancy-complicated-by-intrauterine-infection
#14
Nicholay A Shcherbina, Liudmyla A Vygovskaya
INTRODUCTION: the relevance of intrauterine infections is determined by significant peri- and postnatal loss as well as health impairment, which often results in disability and reduced quality of life. Ultrasonography is employed in order to provide a reliable assessment of the functional state of the fetoplacental system secondary to intrauterine fetal infection in the course of pregnancy. Ultrasound imaging is essential in diagnosis of various preclinical complications of pregnancy and detection of abnormalities in the developing fetus...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695855/congenital-zika-virus-infection-beyond-neonatal-microcephaly
#15
Adriana Suely de Oliveira Melo, Renato Santana Aguiar, Melania Maria Ramos Amorim, Monica B Arruda, Fabiana de Oliveira Melo, Suelem Taís Clementino Ribeiro, Alba Gean Medeiros Batista, Thales Ferreira, Mayra Pereira Dos Santos, Virgínia Vilar Sampaio, Sarah Rogéria Martins Moura, Luciana Portela Rabello, Clarissa Emanuelle Gonzaga, Gustavo Malinger, Renato Ximenes, Patricia Soares de Oliveira-Szejnfeld, Fernanda Tovar-Moll, Leila Chimelli, Paola Paz Silveira, Rodrigo Delvechio, Luiza Higa, Loraine Campanati, Rita M R Nogueira, Ana Maria Bispo Filippis, Jacob Szejnfeld, Carolina Moreira Voloch, Orlando C Ferreira, Rodrigo M Brindeiro, Amilcar Tanuri
Importance: Recent studies have reported an increase in the number of fetuses and neonates with microcephaly whose mothers were infected with the Zika virus (ZIKV) during pregnancy. To our knowledge, most reports to date have focused on select aspects of the maternal or fetal infection and fetal effects. Objective: To describe the prenatal evolution and perinatal outcomes of 11 neonates who had developmental abnormalities and neurological damage associated with ZIKV infection in Brazil...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690200/zika-virus-infection-and-pregnancy-what-we-do-and-do-not-know
#16
Carlo Ticconi, Adalgisa Pietropolli, Giovanni Rezza
Recent data strongly suggest an association between the current outbreak of ZIKA virus (ZIKV) in many countries of Central and South America and a sharp increase in the detection of microcephaly and fetal malformations. The link with brain defect, which has been detected mainly in some areas of Brazil, is supported by the following evidence: (1) ZIKV transmission from infected pregnant women to their fetuses; (2) the potential of ZIKV to determine a specific congenital fetal syndrome characterized by abnormalities involving primarily the developing brain and eye...
October 2016: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676186/correlating-prenatal-imaging-findings-of-fetal-ventriculomegaly-with-the-need-for-surgical-intervention-in-the-first-3-months-after-birth
#17
Joshua L Gu, Anthony Johnson, Marcia Kerr, Kenneth J Moise, Michael W Bebbington, Claudia Pedroza, David I Sandberg
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study evaluates the predictive value of prenatal imaging measurements regarding the need for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion for fetal hydrocephalus in the first 3 months after birth. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive case series of patients with fetal hydrocephalus from January 2011 to December 2014 (n = 45). Prenatal measurements included head circumference (HC), biparietal diameter (BPD), and lateral ventricle (LV) width...
2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644020/progressive-lesions-of-central-nervous-system-in-microcephalic-fetuses-with-suspected-congenital-zika-virus-syndrome
#18
Manoel Sarno, Marcelo Aquino, Kleber Pimentel, Renata Cabral, Gisela Costa, Fernanda Bastos, Carlos Brites
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the pattern and progression of Central Nervous System (CNS) lesions of microcephalic fetuses with suspected Zika Virus (ZIKV) infection. METHODS: We analyzed fetuses diagnosed with microcephaly after a routine primary care ultrasound scan suspect a fetal microcephaly in Salvador, Brazil, from July/2015 to February/2016 and these pregnancies were followed until delivery. Microcephaly was diagnosed when the head circumference was below two or more standard deviation for gestational age and its relationship with ZIKV infection was defined according to World Health Organization criteria...
September 19, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610944/differentiating-closed-versus-open-spinal-dysraphisms-on-fetal-mri
#19
Usha D Nagaraj, Karin S Bierbrauer, Jose L Peiro, Beth M Kline-Fath
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify differences in findings between open and closed spinal dysraphisms seen on fetal MR images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-institution retrospective analysis of fetal MR images for spinal dysraphism was performed. Postnatal images and clinical and operative reports were reviewed. RESULTS: Sixteen fetuses with postnatally confirmed closed spinal dysraphisms were included. Of these, 25% (4/16) had posterior fossa anomalies, 12...
December 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610601/neurological-outcome-in-fetuses-with-mild-and-moderate-ventriculomegaly
#20
Gabriele Tonni, Ida Vito, Marcella Palmisano, Wellington de Paula Martins, Edward Araujo Júnior
Introduction Ventriculomegaly (VM) is one the most frequent anomalies detected on prenatal ultrasound. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may enhance diagnostic accuracy and prediction of developmental outcome in newborns. Purpose The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between ultrasound and MRI in fetuses with isolated mild and moderate VM. The secondary aim was to report the neurodevelopmental outcome at 4 years of age. Methods Fetuses with a prenatal ultrasound (brain scan) diagnosis of VM were identified over a 4-year period...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
keyword
keyword
67800
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"