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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#1
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#2
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231623/compassion-fatigue-in-nurses-a-metasynthesis
#3
Anna G W Nolte, Charlene Downing, Annie Temane, Marie Hastings-Tolsma
AIM: The purpose of this research was to interpret the body of qualitative work focusing on compassion fatigue to distill a common understanding that could then be applied to nursing care. BACKGROUND: Complex demands place extraordinary stress on nurses struggling to work in overburdened healthcare systems. The result can be the inability to care well for others, leading to compassion fatigue, burnout, and increased numbers leaving the profession. Meta-synthesis offers a means of more fully illuminating compassion fatigue and further understanding of practices which might reduce its negative consequences...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231616/a-dedicated-nutritional-care-program-nutricare-to-reduce-malnutrition-in-institutionalized-dysphagic-older-people-a-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Milko Zanini, Annamaria Bagnasco, Gianluca Catania, Giuseppe Aleo, Marina Sartini, Maria Luisa Cristina, Stefania Ripamonti, Fiammetta Monacelli, Patrizio Odetti, Loredana Sasso
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a texture-modified food program for dysphagia on the nutritional, biochemical, and functional profile in a cohort of institutionalized older people in Italy. BACKGROUND: Dysphagic institutionalized older people, often also affected by dementia, are frequently exposed to malnutrition. Malnutrition in older people has negative effects on mortality, days of hospitalization, infection, wound healing, and risk of pressure injuries...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231615/what-do-older-people-experiencing-loneliness-think-about-primary-care-or-community-based-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-a-qualitative-study-in-england
#5
Kalpa Kharicha, Steve Iliffe, Jill Manthorpe, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Mima Cattan, Claire Goodman, Maggie Kirby-Barr, Janet H Whitehouse, Kate Walters
Loneliness in later life is a common problem with poor health outcomes. However, interventions to prevent or ameliorate loneliness have a weak evidence base. The views of older people experiencing or at risk of loneliness in the community are important in identifying features of potential support, but have been little studied. Twenty-eight community dwelling people, aged 65 and over who reported being 'lonely much of the time' or identified as lonely from the de Jong Gierveld six-item loneliness scale in a larger study, participated in in-depth interviews, between June 2013 and May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231493/availability-of-tobacco-cessation-services-in-substance-use-disorder-treatment-programs-impact-of-state-tobacco-control-policy
#6
Amanda J Abraham, Grace Bagwell-Adams, Jayani Jayawardhana
OBJECTIVE: Given the high prevalence of smoking among substance use disorder (SUD) patients, the specialty SUD treatment system is an important target for adoption and implementation of tobacco cessation (TC) services. While research has addressed the impact of tobacco control on individual tobacco consumption, largely overlooked in the literature is the potential impact of state tobacco control policies on availability of services for tobacco cessation. This paper examines the association between state tobacco control policy and availability of TC services in SUD treatment programs in the United States...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231441/risk-behaviours-for-organism-transmission-in-health-care-delivery-a-two-month-unstructured-observational-study
#7
Maria Lindberg, Magnus Lindberg, Bernice Skytt
BACKGROUND: Errors in infection control practices risk patient safety. The probability for errors can increase when care practices become more multifaceted. It is therefore fundamental to track risk behaviours and potential errors in various care situations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe care situations involving risk behaviours for organism transmission that could lead to subsequent healthcare-associated infections. DESIGN & SETTING: Unstructured nonparticipant observations were performed at three medical wards...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#8
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230693/a-plant-based-nutrition-program
#9
Joanne Evans, Alexandra Magee, Kathy Dickman, Rebecca Sutter, Caroline Sutter
: Proper nutrition is an important but often overlooked component of preventive care and disease management. Following a plant-based diet in particular has been shown to have dramatic effects on health and well-being in a relatively short period of time. For this reason, nurses at three faculty-led community health clinics participated in a nutrition educational program, following a plant-based diet for 21 days. They sought to improve their knowledge of plant-based nutrition and experience firsthand the benefits of such a diet...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230580/the-patient-perspective-on-errors-in-cancer-care-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Mariko Carey, Allison W Boyes, Jamie Bryant, Heidi Turon, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Robert Sanson-Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore medical oncology outpatients' perceived experiences of errors in their cancer care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. English-speaking medical oncology outpatients aged 18 years or older were recruited from 9 Australian cancer treatment centers. Participants completed 2 paper-and-pencil questionnaires: an initial survey on demographic, disease and treatment characteristics upon recruitment; and a second survey on their experiences of errors in cancer care 1 month later...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230576/validating-fall-prevention-icons-to-support-patient-centered-education
#11
Wai Yin Leung, Jason Adelman, David W Bates, Alexandra Businger, John S Dykes, Awatef Ergai, Ann Hurley, Zachary Katsulis, Sarah Khorasani, Maureen Scanlan, Laura Schenkel, Amisha Rai, Patricia C Dykes
INTRODUCTION: Falls with injury are the most prevalent hospital adverse event. The objective of this project was to refine fall risk and prevention icons for a patient-centric bedside toolkit to promote patient and nurse engagement in accurately assessing fall risks and developing a tailored fall prevention plan. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients and 60 nurses from 2 academic medical centers participated in 4 iterations of testing to refine 6 fall risk and 10 fall prevention icons...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230458/progression-to-type-2-diabetes-and-its-effect-on-health-care-costs-in-low-income-and-insured-patients-with-prediabetes-a-retrospective-study-using-medicaid-claims-data
#12
Jun Wu, Eileen Ward, Tiffaney Threatt, Z Kevin Lu
BACKGROUND: Prediabetes is a high-risk factor for progression to diabetes. Without lifestyle changes, such as weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15%-30% of people with prediabetes are projected to develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years. Progression to diabetes increases the financial burden significantly for patients and health care systems. Populations with low socioeconomic status are associated with a higher risk of diabetes. However, knowledge is limited about the effect of transition to diabetes on future costs incurred in low-income populations...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230456/off-label-prescribing-for-children-with-migraines-in-u-s-ambulatory-care-settings
#13
L Leanne Lai, Leroy Koh, Jane Ai-Chen Ho, Alexander Ting, Augustine Obi
BACKGROUND: Migraines, Which Affect About 10% Of School-Age Children In The United States, Can Significantly Impair Quality Of Life. Despite Potential Disability, Many Children Do Not Receive Treatment Or Prophylaxis, Since Medications Specifically Approved For Children Are Significantly Less Than For Adults. There Is Also Controversy Surrounding The Apparent Widespread Practice Of Prescribing Off-Label Medications For Children With Migraines. However, Little Research Has Been Done To Identify Physician-Prescribing Patterns Of Migraine Medication For Children...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230451/positive-medication-changes-resulting-from-comprehensive-and-noncomprehensive-medication-reviews-in-a-medicare-part-d-population
#14
Allison Buhl, Jill Augustine, Ann M Taylor, Rose Martin, Terri L Warholak
BACKGROUND: Health care organizations face the challenge of reducing costs while improving health outcomes. Currently, more than 39 million seniors are enrolled in a Medicare Part D prescription benefit plan, many of whom also qualify for medication therapy management (MTM) services. MTM programs provide valuable services designed to prevent or resolve medication-related problems (MRPs). Two core components of all MTM programs include comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) with followup interventions and focused non-CMR interventions...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229646/special-nutrition-intervention-is-required-for-muscle-protective-efficacy-of-physical-exercise-in-elderly-people-at-highest-risk-of-sarcopenia
#15
A Molnár, I Jónásné Sztruhár, Á A Csontos, Cs Ferencz, Sz Várbíró, B Székács
Progressive loss of muscle mass and strength is a physiological consequence of aging, and without interventions, it usually deteriorates into sarcopenia. In this study, the hypothesis that combined special nutritional-physiotherapeutical intervention to prevent or reverse this biological deterioration in elderly people was tested. The effects of the regular resistance muscle training (PT, n = 17) alone and the combined exercise + special nutrition therapy containing whey protein and vitamin D (PT + NT, n = 17) were monitored for 3 months in 34 elderly patients (12 men and 22 women; mean age: 66...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229539/appetite-self-regulation-environmental-and-policy-influences-on-eating-behaviors
#16
Marlene B Schwartz, David R Just, Jamie F Chriqui, Alice S Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: Appetite regulation is influenced by the environment, and the environment is shaped by food-related policies. This review summarizes the environment and policy research portion of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated." METHODS: In this paper, we begin by making the case for why policy is an important tool in efforts to improve nutrition, and we introduce an ecological framework that illustrates the multiple layers that influence what people eat...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229474/residents-engagement-in-everyday-activities-and-its-association-with-thriving-in-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Sabine Björk, Marie Lindkvist, Anders Wimo, Christina Juthberg, Ådel Bergland, David Edvardsson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of everyday activity engagement for older people in nursing homes and the extent to which engagement in everyday activities is associated with thriving. BACKGROUND: Research into residents' engagement in everyday activities in nursing homes has focused primarily on associations with quality of life and prevention and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, the mere absence of symptoms do not necessarily guarantee experiences of well-being...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229399/neurological-complications-of-the-leukemias-across-the-ages
#18
REVIEW
Stephanie Berg, Sucha Nand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute and chronic leukemias are heterogeneous diseases and can affect any part of the body upon initial discovery. Understanding the sequela of systemic involvement is key for proper diagnosis and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the decades, new research has emerged regarding neurological complications of the myeloid or lymphoid leukemias. Central nervous system involvement usually confers a poor prognosis and requires emergent treatment. Standard of care still involves systemic therapy, intrathecal administration of chemotherapeutic agents, and cranial radiation...
February 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229384/relationship-of-meteorological-factors-and-acute-stroke-events-in-kaunas-lithuania-in-2000-2010
#19
Laura Tamasauskiene, Daiva Rastenyte, Ricardas Radisauskas, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Domantas Tamasauskas, Vidmantas Vaiciulis, Daina Kranciukaite-Butylkiniene, Egle Milinaviciene
Some researchers have hypothesised that meteorological factors may have an impact on acute cerebrovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine an impact of some meteorological factors on occurrence of acute cerebrovascular events in the middle-aged Kaunas population. Kaunas stroke register data were used. Data on meteorological factors for the time period from 2000 to 2010 were obtained from the Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service Kaunas Meteorological Station. We analysed 4038 cases with stroke...
February 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229295/benchmarking-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-practice-with-ent-uk-guidelines
#20
Ali S Al-Qahtani
The aim of this study was to benchmark our guidelines of prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in ENT surgical population against ENT.UK guidelines, and also to encourage healthcare providers to utilize benchmarking as an effective method of improving performance. The study design is prospective descriptive analysis. The setting of this study is tertiary referral centre (Assir Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia). In this study, we are benchmarking our practice guidelines of the prevention of VTE in the ENT surgical population against that of ENT...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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