keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preventive care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#1
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m(2), admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822238/the-environmental-injustice-of-beauty-framing-chemical%C3%A2-exposures-from-beauty-products-as-a-health%C3%A2-disparities-concern
#2
Ami R Zota, Bhavna Shamasunder
The obstetrics-gynecology community has issued a call to action to prevent toxic environmental chemical exposures and their threats to healthy human reproduction. Recent committee opinions recognize that vulnerable and underserved women may be impacted disproportionately by environmental chemical exposures and recommend that reproductive health professionals champion policies that secure environmental justice. Beauty product use is an understudied source of environmental chemical exposures. Beauty products can include reproductive and developmental toxicants such as phthalates and heavy metals; however, disclosure requirements are limited and inconsistent...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821915/risk-and-outcomes-of-fracture-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-patients-two-nationwide-cohort-studies
#3
F-L Liu, C-S Lin, C-C Yeh, C-C Shih, Y-G Cherng, C-H Wu, T-L Chen, C-C Liao
Using national insurance claims data of Taiwan, we found that patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) had increased risk of fracture during the follow-up period of 2000-2013. History of PAD was also associated with adverse outcomes in hospitalized fracture patients. Prevention strategies were needed in this susceptible population. INTRODUCTION: Limited information was available on the association between PAD and fracture. The purpose of this study is to evaluate fracture risk and post-fracture outcomes in patients with PAD...
August 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821597/a-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-electronic-discharge-communication-tool-for-preventing-death-or-hospital-readmission
#4
Maria J Santana, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Danielle A Southern, Ward W Flemons, Maeve O'Beirne, Michael D Hill, Alan J Forster, Deborah E White, William A Ghali
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an electronic discharge communication tool (e-DCT) for preventing death or hospital readmission, as well as reducing patient-reported adverse events after hospital discharge. The e-DCT assessed has already been shown to yield high-quality discharge summaries with high levels of patient and physician satisfaction. METHODS: This two-arm randomised controlled trial was conducted in a Canadian tertiary care centre's internal medicine medical teaching units...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821525/point-of-care-washing-of-allogeneic-red-blood-cells-for-the-prevention-of-transfusion-related-respiratory-complications-war-prc-a-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomised-clinical-trial-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#5
Matthew A Warner, Ian J Welsby, Phillip J Norris, Christopher C Silliman, Sarah Armour, Erica D Wittwer, Paula J Santrach, Laurie A Meade, Lavonne M Liedl, Chelsea M Nieuwenkamp, Brian Douthit, Camille M van Buskirk, Phillip J Schulte, Rickey E Carter, Daryl J Kor
INTRODUCTION: The transfusion-related respiratory complications, transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), are leading causes of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality. At present, there are no effective preventive strategies with red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Although mechanisms remain incompletely defined, soluble biological response modifiers (BRMs) within the RBC storage solution may play an important role. Point-of-care (POC) washing of allogeneic RBCs may remove these BRMs, thereby mitigating their impact on post-transfusion respiratory complications...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821524/the-association-between-intensive-care-unit-acquired-hypernatraemia-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-with-cerebrovascular-diseases-a-single-centre-cohort-study-in-japan
#6
Takahiro Imaizumi, Masahiro Nakatochi, Yoshiro Fujita, Rie Nomura, Kenshi Watanabe, Michitaka Maekawa, Taishi Yamakawa, Takayuki Katsuno, Shoichi Maruyama
OBJECTIVES: Hypernatraemia is one of the major electrolyte disorders associated with mortality among critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs). It is unclear whether this applies to patients with cerebrovascular diseases in whom high sodium concentrations may be allowed in order to prevent cerebral oedema. This study aimed to examine the association between ICU-acquired hypernatraemia and the prognosis of patients with cerebrovascular diseases. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821420/hyperglycemia-in-young-adults-seen-in-the-emergency-department-a-health-records-review
#7
Justin W Yan, Alexandra L Hamelin, Katherine M Gushulak, Kristine Van Aarsen, Melanie P Columbus, Ian G Stiell
Patients with diabetes who are in emerging adulthood, defined as the life stage between 18 and 29 years of age, have unique challenges in managing their illness and are at risk for acute complications and loss to follow up. This study's objective was to describe emergency department (ED) utilization because of hyperglycemia in emerging adults with diabetes and to characterize 30-day outcomes, including return visits and admission for hyperglycemia. This was a health-records review of emerging adults presenting over a 1-year period to 4 tertiary care EDs; the patients had known histories of diabetes and final diagnoses of hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemia...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821177/perioperative-care-of-cardiac-patients-preventing-myocardial-injury-bleeding-and-death
#8
Thomas F Lüscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820753/prevention-of-exposure-keratopathy-in-critically-ill-patients-a-single-center-randomized-pilot-trial-comparing-ocular-lubrication-with-bandage-contact-lenses-and-punctal-plugs
#9
Itai Bendavid, Inbal Avisar, Irena Serov Volach, Amir Sternfeld, Idit Dan Brazis, Lewaa Umar, Yiftach Yassur, Pierre Singer, Jonathan David Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of bandage contact lenses and punctal plugs with ocular lubricants in preventing corneal damage in mechanically ventilated and sedated critically ill patients. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective, randomized, pilot study. SETTING: Sixteen-bed, general ICU at a tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Adults admitted to the ICU and anticipated to require mechanical ventilation and continuous sedation for greater than or equal to 4 days...
August 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820730/knowledge-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-its-control-practices-among-dental-students-in-an-indian-city
#10
Vishal Khandelwal, Sushma Khandelwal, Neetu Gupta, Ullal Anand Nayak, Namrata Kulshreshtha, Sudhindra Baliga
Background Hepatitis B virus infection is a general cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepato-cellular carcinoma worldwide. It is highly contagious. It is an important reason for morbidity and mortality in the Indian population. Oral health professionals are at the highest risk. Vaccination for hepatitis B can prevent this deadly disease. Methods The present study was designed to evaluate the degree of awareness, knowledge of hepatitis B infection and status of hepatitis B vaccination among dental students...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820718/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-rural-health-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#11
Amy Guo, J Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser
Safe and sufficient water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) prevent the spread of disease in health-care facilities (HCFs). Little research has been conducted on WaSH in HCF in sub-Saharan Africa. We carried out a cross-sectional study of WaSH in 1,318 randomly selected rural HCF (hospitals, health centers, health posts, and clinics) in regions throughout Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Methods included questionnaires with head doctors and nurses to document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity and reliability, and analysis of drinking water samples for Escherichia coli...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820644/national-estimates-of-genetic-testing-in-women-with-a-history-of-breast-or-ovarian-cancer
#12
Christopher P Childers, Kimberly K Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons, James Macinko
Purpose In the United States, 3.8 million women have a history of breast (BC) or ovarian cancer (OC). Up to 15% of cases are attributable to heritable mutations, which, if identified, provide critical knowledge for treatment and preventive care. It is unknown how many patients who are at high risk for these mutations have not been tested and how rates vary by risk criteria. Methods We used pooled cross-sectional data from three Cancer Control Modules (2005, 2010, 2015) of the National Health Interview Survey, a national in-person household interview survey...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820622/latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-non-injection-drug-use-and-condomless-sexual-behavior-from-ages-18-to-21-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#13
Perry N Halkitis, Kristen Bub, Christopher B Stults, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS continues to be a health disparity faced by sexual minority men, and is exacerbated by non-injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate growth in non-injection drug use and condomless sex in a sample of racially and economically diverse of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as they emerged into adulthood between the ages of 18 and 21 and who came of age in the post-HAART era. METHODS: Behavioral data on drug use and condomless sex, collected via a calendar based technique over 7 waves of a cohort study of 600 YMSM, were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling to document patterns of growth in these behaviors, their associations, and the extent to which patterns and associations are moderated by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
August 18, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820610/asthma-treatment-and-outcomes-for-children-in-the-emergency-department-and-hospital
#14
Rupali Drewek, Lucia Mirea, Peter Touresian, Philip David Adelson
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the treatment of acute asthma exacerbations in children seen in the emergency department (ED) and admitted to acute care floor in the hospital or intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of visits for acute exacerbation of asthma treated at Phoenix Children's Hospital between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016. RESULTS: A total of 287 asthma exacerbation cases were identified including 106 (37%) ED visits, 134 (47%) hospital floor and 47 (16%) ICU admissions...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820567/does-early-preventive-care-for-diabetes-improve-outcomes
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: National Bureau of Economic Research Bulletin on Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820410/-changing-of-stillbirth-risks-in-different-options-of-its-registration
#16
S Mamedova
Purpose of the study - comparing of stillbirth rates and some of its risk factors in different options (after 22 and 28 completed weeks of gestation) of its registration. This study was conducted on the basis of a regional prenatal centre. Monitoring was conducted retrospectively with continuous coverage of all cases of completed pregnancy after 22 completed weeks of gestation. Stillbirth coefficient was calculated based on body weight (500 grams or more - I option, and a 1000 grams - II option) based on 100 of all birth cases (corresponding to 500 grams body weight or more, and 1,000 grams or more)...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#17
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820304/predictors-of-quality-of-life-and-survival-following-gamma-knife-surgery-for-lung-cancer-brain-metastases-a-prospective-study
#18
Sidsel Bragstad, Marianne Flatebø, Gerd Karin Natvig, Geir Egil Eide, Geir Olve Skeie, Maziar Behbahani, Paal-Henning Pedersen, Per Øyvind Enger, Bente Sandvei Skeie
OBJECTIVE Lung cancer (LC) patients who develop brain metastases (BMs) have a poor prognosis. Estimations of survival and risk of treatment-related deterioration in quality of life (QOL) are important when deciding on treatment. Although we know of several prognostic factors for LC patients with BMs, the role of QOL has not been established. Authors of this study set out to evaluate changes in QOL following Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) for BMs in LC patients and QOL as a prognostic factor for survival. METHODS Forty-four of 48 consecutive LC patients with BMs underwent GKS in the period from May 2010 to September 2011, and their QOL was prospectively assessed before and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after GKS by using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Brain (FACT-BR) questionnaire...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#19
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819945/adolescent-pregnancies-complications-birth-outcomes-and-the-possible-solutions
#20
Tayfur Çift, Engin Korkmazer, Muzaffer Temur, Berk Bulut, Bariş Korkmaz, Onur Ozdenoğlu, Cem Akaltun, Emin Üstünyurt
OBJECTIVES: In this study we aim to evaluate antenatal, perinatal and postnatal outcomes and complications of adolescent pregnancies, as well as to discuss the social and psychological consequences of these pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compare a total of 243 pregnant women at age 14-18 years to a vast control group at age 19-36 who all delivered at Bursa Yüksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital between years 2005-2014. RESULTS: Antenatal care (folic acid supplementation, pre-conception counseling) was significantly higher in adolescent pregnancy group...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
keyword
keyword
67797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"