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Arwa Zahid, Marla Reicks
Parents play an important role in promoting healthy beverage intake among children. Message-framing approaches, where outcomes are described as positive (gain) or negative (loss) results, can be used to encourage parenting practices that promote healthy beverage intakes. This study tested the effectiveness of message framing on motivation for parenting practices targeting reductions in child sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake (controlling availability, role modeling) and dispositional factors moderating effectiveness...
May 16, 2018: Nutrients
Yi Jing, Thang S Han, Majid M Alkhalaf, Michael E J Lean
PURPOSE: While weight gain and obesity are the dominant factors, dietary sugar and specifically sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) has been implicated in causing type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We assessed how much of the apparent effect of SSB is explained by adiposity, but not captured by adjustment for BMI, which is a poor index of body fat. METHODS: We examined data from 5187 adults (mean age 50.8 years, SD = 16.4, 172 (3.3%) T2DM), from the Scottish Health Survey 2003 and 2008-2010 databases...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Farzaneh Asgari-Taee, Nahid Zerafati-Shoae, Mohsen Dehghani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamid R Baradaran, Shima Jazayeri
PURPOSE: The relationship between consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) and NAFLD has been reported in several epidemiological studies, but the results are inconsistent. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was carried out to assess the relationship between sugar sweetened beverages consumption and NAFLD. METHODS: Online databases were searched systematically through December, 2016 for studies investigating association between SSB consumption and NAFLD but limited to observational studies in human...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Mariela Nissensohn, Daniel Fuentes Lugo, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Recent studies assert that sugar-containing drinks may play a key role in the etiology of obesity. However, scientific reviews show contradictory results. Whether there is just association or clear causation still is a matter of debate. It is also subject to discussion whether the quality/adequacy of the different studies may influence their outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the most recent scientific evidence focused on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and child obesity and to further analyze the adequacy of the meta-analyses in terms of their results, with special emphasis in the methodology, clarity and transparence of their procedures...
April 4, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Yen-Hua Huang, Cheng-Yang Huang
Single-stranded DNA-binding proteins (SSBs) play crucial roles in DNA replication, repair, and recombination. Unlike E. coli , which contains only one type of SSB (EcSSB), some bacteria have two paralogous SSBs, namely, SsbA and SsbB. In this study, we found the third SSB-like protein in Staphylococcus aureus , SAAV2152, which was designated as SaSsbC. SaSsbC is a protein of 131 amino acids and shares 38%, 36%, and 33% sequence identity to SaSsbB, SaSsbA, and EcSSB, respectively. Gene map analysis showed that unlike the E...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Geoffrey Hutinet, Arthur Besle, Olivier Son, Stephen McGovern, Raphaël Guerois, Marie-Agnès Petit, Françoise Ochsenbein, François Lecointe
Bacteriophages are remarkable for the wide diversity of proteins they encode to perform DNA replication and homologous recombination. Looking back at these ancestral forms of life may help understanding how similar proteins work in more sophisticated organisms. For instance, the Sak4 family is composed of proteins similar to the archaeal RadB protein, a Rad51 paralog. We have previously shown that Sak4 allowed single-strand annealing in vivo , but only weakly compared to the phage λ Redβ protein, highlighting putatively that Sak4 requires partners to be efficient...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Lin-Lin Zhu, Li-Hua Yang, Qi-Bing Xie, Geng Yin
OBJECTIVE: To explore the biochemical-immune and pathological characteristics of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) . METHODS: A total of 76 cases of AIH patients were included from January 2009 to April 2017. Among them,there were 40 cases of AIH with SS and 36 cases without SS. The liver function,immunological index,histological features,length of first diagnosis and treatment costs were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: For AIH+SS group and AIH group,the proportion of women were 97...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Huan Liu, Li-Hua Yang, Geng Yin, Qi-Bing Xie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of disease activity and thyroid indicators ,immunologic markers of system lupus erythematosus (SLE) in SLE with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). METHODS: The clinical data of 63 cases of SLE with HT were collected. According to Systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI-2000),we classified the patients into four groups,which were remission group (5 cases),low (19 cases),moderate (12 cases) and high (27 cases) disease activity group...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Zhiquan Wan, Jianqiang Li, Liang Shu, Ming Luo, Xiang Li, Songnian Fu, Kun Xu
A pruning method of artificial neural network based nonlinear equalizer (ANN-NLE) is proposed and validated for single-sideband 4-ary pulse amplitude modulation (SSB-PAM4) in IM/DD system. As a classifier, ANN is capable to form a complex nonlinear boundary among different classifications, which is considered as an appropriate way to mitigate the nonlinear impairments in optical communication system. In this paper, first, we introduce the operation principle of the traditional linear equalizer (LE) and NLE such as volterra equalizer (VE)...
April 16, 2018: Optics Express
Tingting Zhang, Christian Sanchez, Stylianos Sygletos, Ian Phillips, Andrew Ellis
We numerically demonstrate 80-km standard single-mode fiber transmission without optical amplification, dispersion compensation or carrier recovery using 200-Gb/s tandem single sideband modulated doubly differential QPSK. Simulation results show that doubly differential encoding enables practically constant system performance for frequency offsets within ± 2.3 GHz and allows a linewidth tolerance of 2.5 × 10-3 at 1-dB receiver sensitivity penalty. Employing 2.9-MHz linewidth lasers, the receiver sensitivity penalty at 7% HD-FEC threshold for 80-km transmission is less than 0...
April 2, 2018: Optics Express
Louise Brunkwall, Peter Almgren, Sophie Hellstrand, Marju Orho-Melander, Ulrika Ericson
Sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), artificially sweetened beverages (ASB), juice, coffee and tea has been associated with risk of metabolic disease. High consumption of these beverages may be associated with certain characteristics of the overall diet that would be important to take into account when analysing beverage-disease associations. Here, we investigate five beverages and their association with lifestyle and diet in 25,112 individuals from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Cohort. We observed that high consumption of SSB was associated with lower intakes of foods perceived as healthy...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Belinda C Morley, Philippa H Niven, Helen G Dixon, Maurice G Swanson, Alison B McAleese, Melanie A Wakefield
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the LiveLighter 'Sugary Drinks' campaign impact on awareness, knowledge and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. DESIGN: Cohort study with population surveys undertaken in intervention and comparison states at baseline (n=900 each), with 78% retention at follow-up (intervention: n=673; comparison: n=730). Analyses tested interactions by state (intervention, comparison) and time (baseline, follow-up). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 25-49 years residing in the Australian states of Victoria and South Australia...
April 25, 2018: BMJ Open
Pengyong Zhou, Xiaochang Mo, Wanwan Wang, Xia Chen, Yonggen Lou
Chemical elicitors that enhance plant resistance to pathogens have been extensively studied, however, chemical elicitors that induce plant defenses against insect pests have received little attention. Here, we found that the exogenous application of a commonly used bactericide, bismerthiazol, on rice induced the biosynthesis of constitutive and/or elicited jasmonic acid (JA), jasmonoyl-isoleucine conjugate (JA-Ile), ethylene and H₂O₂ but not salicylic acid. These activated signaling pathways altered the volatile profile of rice plants...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Nasib Qureshi, K Thomas Klasson, Badal C Saha, Siqing Liu
In these studies we pretreated sweet sorghum bagasse (SSB) using liquid hot water (LHW) or dilute H2 SO4 (2 g·L-1 ) at 190°C for zero min (as soon as temperature reached 190°C, cooling was started) to reduce generation of sugar degradation fermentation inhibiting products such as furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF). The solids loading were 250-300 gL-1 . This was followed by enzymatic hydrolysis. After hydrolysis, 89.0 gL-1 sugars, 7.60 gL-1 acetic acid, 0.33 gL-1 furfural, and 0.07 gL-1 HMF were released...
April 25, 2018: Biotechnology Progress
Jinjun Liu, Yonggang Leng, Zhihui Lai, Shengbo Fan
Mechanical fault diagnosis usually requires not only identification of the fault characteristic frequency, but also detection of its second and/or higher harmonics. However, it is difficult to detect a multi-frequency fault signal through the existing Stochastic Resonance (SR) methods, because the characteristic frequency of the fault signal as well as its second and higher harmonics frequencies tend to be large parameters. To solve the problem, this paper proposes a multi-frequency signal detection method based on Frequency Exchange and Re-scaling Stochastic Resonance (FERSR)...
April 25, 2018: Sensors
Nasib Qureshi, K Thomas Klasson, Badal C Saha, Siqing Liu
In these studies liquid hot water (LHW) pretreated and enzymatically hydrolyzed Sweet Sorghum Bagasse (SSB) hydrolyzates were fermented in a fed-batch reactor. As reported in the preceding paper, the culture was not able to ferment the hydrolyzate I in a batch process due to presence of high level of toxic chemicals, in particular acetic acid released from SSB during the hydrolytic process. To be able to ferment the hydrolyzate I obtained from 250 gL-1 SSB hydrolysis, a fed-batch reactor with in-situ butanol recovery was devised...
April 25, 2018: Biotechnology Progress
Jingjing Pan, Gaili Meng, Bin Huang, Liangzi Lan, Liang Ming
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 + 2 immunoglobulin (Ig)M antibodies assays are important tools for diagnosing pregnant women and their newborns. However, it is unclear whether high levels of rheumatoid factor (RF) interfere with serological methods used to test for HSV types 1 + 2 type-specific IgM antibodies. We report a case of a false-positive result for HSV 1 + 2 IgM antibodies due to gross overestimation of RF by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). This result occurred in a 25-year-old Han Chinese woman who was 28 weeks pregnant with a fetus (sex of fetus unknown)...
April 24, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency and bedtime) and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption (regular soft drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks and fruit juice) among children from all inhabited continents of the world. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE)...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Jessica J Evans, Patrick E Gygli, Julienne McCaskill, Linda C DeVeaux
The haloarchaea are unusual in possessing genes for multiple homologs to the ubiquitous single-stranded DNA binding protein (SSB or replication protein A, RPA) found in all three domains of life. Halobacterium salinarum contains five homologs: two are eukaryotic in organization, two are prokaryotic and are encoded on the minichromosomes, and one is uniquely euryarchaeal. Radiation-resistant mutants previously isolated show upregulation of one of the eukaryotic-type RPA genes. Here, we have created deletions in the five RPA operons...
April 20, 2018: Genes
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