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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344750/physical-activity-and-consumption-patterns-of-reproductive-aged-women-by-bmi-category
#1
Jennifer K Bello, Debra B Stulberg, Ying Zhou, Chi Wang
Objectives Obesity before and during pregnancy is associated with adverse effects for mother and child, but little is known about physical activity and consumption patterns among reproductive-aged women. The goal of this study is to identify behaviors of nonpregnant reproductive-aged women associated with normal weight, overweight, and obesity. Methods Data from the nationally representative National Eating Trends survey (2003-2011) were analyzed, comparing number of days of exercise in a 1-week period and consumption of fruits/vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), and concentrated sweets by BMI...
January 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343247/consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-artificially-sweetened-beverages-from-childhood-to-adulthood-in-relation-to-socioeconomic-status-15%C3%A2-years-follow-up-in-norway
#2
Kathrine Bolt-Evensen, Frøydis N Vik, Tonje Holte Stea, Knut-Inge Klepp, Elling Bere
BACKGROUND: In Norway, social inequalities in health and health-related behaviors have been reported despite the well-developed welfare state. The objective of the present study was to analyze; (i) the development in frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) from childhood to adulthood; (ii) socioeconomic inequalities in the consumption of SSB and ASB using different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES); (iii) time trends in potential disparities in SSB and ASB consumption among different socioeconomic groups to assess the development in socioeconomic inequality from childhood to adulthood...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338950/sugar-sweetened-beverage-and-water-intake-in-relation-to-diet-quality-in-u-s-children
#3
Cindy W Leung, S Gemma DiMatteo, Wendi A Gosliner, Lorrene D Ritchie
INTRODUCTION: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major contributor to children's added sugar consumption. This study examines whether children's SSB and water intakes are associated with diet quality and total energy intake. METHODS: Using data on children aged 2-18 years from the 2009-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, linear regression models were used to analyze SSB and water intake in relation to Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010) scores and total energy intake...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335772/investigation-on-the-correlation-between-energy-deposition-and-clustered-dna-damage-induced-by-low-energy-electrons
#4
Wei Liu, Zhenyu Tan, Liming Zhang, Christophe Champion
This study presents the correlation between energy deposition and clustered DNA damage, based on a Monte Carlo simulation of the spectrum of direct DNA damage induced by low-energy electrons including the dissociative electron attachment. Clustered DNA damage is classified as simple and complex in terms of the combination of single-strand breaks (SSBs) or double-strand breaks (DSBs) and adjacent base damage (BD). The results show that the energy depositions associated with about 90% of total clustered DNA damage are below 150 eV...
January 15, 2018: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328322/anti-dispersion-phase-tunable-microwave-mixer-based-on-a-dual-drive-dual-parallel-mach-zehnder-modulator
#5
Mutong Xie, Mingyang Zhao, Mingzheng Lei, Yongle Wu, Yuanan Liu, Xinlu Gao, Shanguo Huang
An optically-controlled phase-tunable microwave mixer based on a dual-drive dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator (DDDP-MZM) is proposed, which supports wideband phase shift and immunity to power fading caused by chromatic dispersion. By using carrier-suppressed single side-band (CS-SSB) modulation for the local oscillator (LO) signal and carrier-suppressed double side-band (CS-DSB) modulation for the input signal, no vector superposition for the same output microwave frequency occurs, making the system immune from power fading caused by chromatic dispersion...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326044/escherichia-coli-single-stranded-dna-binding-protein-ssb-promotes-alkb-mediated-dna-dealkylation-repair
#6
Richa Nigam, Roy Anindya
Repair of alkylation damage in DNA is essential for maintaining genome integrity. Escherichia coli (E.coli) protein AlkB removes various alkyl DNA adducts including N1-methyladenine (N1meA) and N3-methylcytosine (N3meC) by oxidative demethylation. Previous studies showed that AlkB preferentially removes N1meA and N3meC from single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). It can also remove N1meA and N3meC from double-stranded DNA by base-flipping. Notably, ssDNA produced during DNA replication and recombination, remains bound to E...
January 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325823/photo-geno-toxicity-changes-associated-with-hydroxylation-of-the-aromatic-chromophores-during-diclofenac-metabolism
#7
Guillermo Garcia-Lainez, Ana M Martínez-Reig, Daniel Limones-Herrero, M Consuelo Jiménez, Miguel A Miranda, Inmaculada Andreu
Diclofenac (DCF) can cause adverse reactions such as gastrointestinal, renal and cardiovascular disorders; therefore, topical administration may be an attractive alternative to the management of local pain in order to avoid these side effects. However, previous studies have shown that DCF, in combination with sunlight, displays capability to induce photosensitivity disorders. In humans, DCF is biotransformed into hydroxylated metabolites at positions 4' and 5 (4'OH-DCF and 5OH-DCF), and this chemical change produces non negligible alterations of the drug chromophore, resulting in a significant modification of its light-absorbing properties...
January 8, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320289/legal-and-administrative-feasibility-of-a-federal-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-to-improve-diet
#8
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Parke Wilde, Yue Huang, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate legal and administrative feasibility of a federal "junk" food (including sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) tax to improve diet. METHODS: To assess food definitions and administration models, we systematically searched (1) PubMed (through May 15, 2017) for articles defining foods subject to taxes, and legal and legislative databases as well as online for (2) US federal, state, and tribal junk food tax bills and laws (January 1, 2012-February 28, 2017); SSB taxes (January 1, 2014-February 28, 2017); and international junk food tax laws (as of February 28, 2017); and (3) federal taxing mechanisms and administrative methods (as of February 28, 2017)...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317000/associations-between-sedentary-behaviours-and-dietary-intakes-among-adolescents
#9
Elly A Fletcher, Sarah A McNaughton, David Crawford, Verity Cleland, Jacqueline Della Gatta, Jennifer Hatt, James Dollman, Anna Timperio
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to examine associations of individual and aggregated screen-based behaviours, and total sitting time, with healthy and unhealthy dietary intakes among adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of adolescents. Participants self-reported durations of television viewing, computer use, playing electronic games (e-games), total sitting time, daily servings of fruits and vegetables, and frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), diet beverages, fast foods and discretionary snacks...
January 10, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281069/effectiveness-of-behavioral-interventions-to-reduce-the-intake-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Abir Abdel Rahman, Lamis Jomaa, Lara A Kahale, Pauline Adair, Cynthia Pine
Context: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) among children has been associated with adverse health outcomes. Numerous behavioral interventions aimed at reducing the intake of SSBs among children have been reported, yet evidence of their effectiveness is lacking. Objective: This systematic review explored the effectiveness of educational and behavioral interventions to reduce SSB intake and to influence health outcomes among children aged 4 to 16 years...
December 21, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274563/iga-anti-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-i-antibodies-experience-from-a-large-center
#11
Alexandru Vlagea, Dora Pascual-Salcedo, Rita Álvarez Doforno, Paz Lavilla, Jesús Diez, Beatriz Padilla Merlano, María V Cuesta, Antonio Gil
OBJECTIVE: IgG and IgM antibodies directed at β2-glycoprotein I are included in the classification criteria for the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) while the IgA antibodies against β2-glycoprotein I (IgA aβ2GPI) are not. Conflicting data about the significance of IgA aβ2GPI and APS manifestation can be found and more studies are necessary in order to define the diagnostic value of IgA aβ2GPI. In the present article, we investigated the possible role of IgA aβ2GPI as marker of APS...
December 12, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260117/parallel-ocular-and-serologic-course-in-a-patient-with-early-sjogren-s-syndrome-markers
#12
Lam Phung, Ivonne V Lollett, Raquel Goldhardt, Janet L Davis, Larry Young, Dana Ascherman, Anat Galor
Purpose: To report on a case of a young female with progressing dry eye symptoms and evolving autoimmune markers consistent with a presentation of early Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Observations: A 32 year-old female presented with chronic dry eye symptoms refractory to artificial tears. Slit lamp examination revealed punctate epithelial erosions, decreased tear break-up time, and decreased tear lake bilaterally. Initial tests for ocular surface inflammation (InflammaDry, Quidel, San Diego) and systemic autoantibodies (antinuclear antibodies, anti-SSA/Ro and anti-SSB/La) were negative...
December 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240555/daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-by-disability-status-among-adults-in-23-states-and-the-district-of-columbia
#13
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Dianna D Carroll, Catherine A Okoro
INTRODUCTION: Information on dietary intake, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), for adults with disabilities is limited. Such information can inform interventions to prevent chronic disease and promote health among adults with disabilities. The objective of this study was to describe the associations between SSB consumption and disability among adults. METHODS: We examined data on adults aged 18 years or older in 23 states and the District of Columbia who participated in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 150,760)...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237159/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-weight-gain-in-children-and-adults-a-systematic-review-from-2013-to-2015-and-a-comparison-with-previous-studies
#14
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235708/chlorantraniliprole-resistance-and-its-biochemical-and-new-molecular-target-mechanisms-in-laboratory-and-field-strains-of-chilo-suppressalis-walker
#15
Sun Yang, Lu Xu, Chen Qiong, Wenjing Qin, Huang Shuijin, Houguo Qin
BACKGROUND: The rice striped stem borer (SSB), Chilo suppressalis (Walker), is one of the most economically important and destructive rice pests in China. To date, the efficiency of conventional insecticides has decreased greatly because of the development of high resistance. Since the introduction of chlorantraniliprole in 2008, SSB has presented resistance issues. RESULTS: In this study, lab resistant strains R1 and R2 (RR of 38.8 and 110.4, respectively) were established and a field population HR (RR of 249...
December 13, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230349/reinforcing-value-of-caffeinated-and-noncaffeinated-beverages-after-acute-exposure-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Jennifer L Temple, Amanda M Ziegler, Adam M Graczyk, Amanda K Crandall
Background: When caffeine is added to beverages, it increases beverage liking and the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of these beverages after repeated exposure. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a single acute exposure to caffeine increases liking and motivation to consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) relative to placebo. Methods: Participants were children ages 8-9 years (n = 36) and adolescents ages 15-17 years (n = 41) with an approximately equal number of boys and girls...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214031/parp-inhibitors-as-potential-therapeutic-agents-for-various-cancers-focus-on-niraparib-and-its-first-global-approval-for-maintenance-therapy-of-gynecologic-cancers
#17
REVIEW
Mekonnen Sisay, Dumessa Edessa
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) are an important family of nucleoproteins highly implicated in DNA damage repair. Among the PARP families, the most studied are PARP1, PARP2 and PARP 3. PARP1 is found to be the most abundant nuclear enzyme under the PARP series. These enzymes are primarily involved in base excision repair as one of the major single strand break (SSB) repair mechanisms. Being double stranded, DNA engages itself in reparation of a sub-lethal SSB with the aid of PARP. Moreover, by having a sister chromatid, DNA can also repair double strand breaks with either error-free homologous recombination or error-prone non-homologous end-joining...
2017: Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211358/chest-hrct-findings-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#18
Agata Sebastian, Maria Misterska-Skóra, Jurand Silicki, Maciej Sebastian, Piotr Wiland
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary manifestations (PMs) in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) are among the most frequent extraglandular complications, with reported prevalence varying widely (9-75%), depending on the methods of detection. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of PMs in pSS and to determine the factors predisposing to the occurrence of this complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 68 patients with pSS...
October 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204378/circular-mitochondrial-dna-a-geant4-dna-user-application-for-evaluating-radiation-induced-damage-in-circular-mitochondrial-dna
#19
Mohammad Bagher Tavakoli, Habiballah Moradi, Hossein Khanahmad, Mohsen Hosseini
Background: The aim of this study was to develop a nucleotide geometrical model of the circular mitochondrial DNA (mt-DNA) structure using Geant4-DNA toolkit to predict the radiation-induced damages such as single-strand breaks (SSB), double-strand breaks (DSB), and some other physical parameters. Methods: Our model covers the organization of a circular human mt genetic system. The current model includes all 16,659 base pairs of human mt-DNA. This new mt-DNA model has been preliminarily tested in this work by determining SSB and DSB DNA damage yields and site-hit probabilities due to the impact of proton particles...
October 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190635/neonatal-lupus-case-series-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#20
Ana Raquel Teixeira, Mariana Rodrigues, Hercília Guimarães, Cláudia Moura, Iva Brito
Neonatal lupus (NL) is a very rare condition with an estimated incidence of 1 in 20.000 pregnancies. It is caused by the transplacental passage of autoantibodies anti-Ro/SSA, antiSa/SSB antibodies and/or anti-U1 RNP antibodies into the fetal circulation. The mother may be completely asymptomatic or have a known inflammatory rheumatic disease, such as Sjögren syndrome (SS) or Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Clinical manifestations are diverse, being the most common cutaneous and cardiac. The authors present a case series of eight cases diagnosed with NL between January 2008 and December 2016 in a tertiary hospital and a brief revision of the literature...
October 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
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