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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336982/taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-editorial-effects-of-taxing-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-caries-and-treatment-costs
#1
(no author information available yet)
'The oral health community needs to band with our public health colleagues to support SSB (sugar-sweetened beverages) taxation to improve health.'
March 24, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324819/impact-of-different-feedstocks-derived-biochar-amendment-with-cadmium-low-uptake-affinity-cultivar-of-pak-choi-brassica-rapa-ssb-chinensis-l-on-phytoavoidation-of-cd-to-reduce-potential-dietary-toxicity
#2
Kiran Yasmin Khan, Barkat Ali, Xiaoqiang Cui, Ying Feng, Xiaoe Yang, Peter Joseph Stoffella
Biochar has become eco-friendly amendment used for phytoavoidation with low cadmium (Cd) accumulating cultivars of crops to ensure food safety in Cd contaminated soils. In this study, biochar with different waste feedstock material were evaluated for their effectiveness on essential trace metals mobility, Cd bioavailability and its accumulation in two contrasting Cd accumulating cultivars of pak choi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis L.) grown in Cd contaminated Mollisol soil. A greenhouse experiment was conducted with plants grown in Cd contaminated soil that had been amended with biochar derived from barley straw, tomato green waste, chicken manure, duck manure and swine manure at application rate of 0%, 2...
March 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316899/water-quality-assessment-in-the-german-river-of-the-years-2014-2015-how-a-case-study-on-the-impact-of-a-storm-water-sedimentation-basin-displayed-impairment-of-fish-health-in-the-argen-river-southern-germany
#3
Paul Thellmann, Bertram Kuch, Karl Wurm, Heinz-R Köhler, Rita Triebskorn
BACKGROUND: The present work investigates the impact of discharges from a storm water sedimentation basin (SSB) receiving runoff from a connected motorway in southern Germany. The study lasted for almost two years and was aimed at assessing the impact of the SSB on the fauna of the Argen River, which is a tributary of Lake Constance. Two sampling sites were examined up- and downstream of the SSB effluent. A combination of different diagnostic methods (fish embryo test with the zebrafish, histopathology, micronucleus test) was applied to investigate health impairment and genotoxic effects in indigenous fish as well as embryotoxic potentials in surface water and sediment samples of the Argen River, respectively, in samples of the SSB effluent...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284305/autodisplay-of-the-la-ssb-protein-on-lps-free-e-coli-for-the-diagnosis-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#4
Gu Yoo, Carina Dilkaute, Ji-Hong Bong, Hyun-Woo Song, Misu Lee, Min-Jung Kang, Joachim Jose, Jae-Chul Pyun
The objective of this study was to present an immunoassay for the diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome based on the autodisplayed La/SSB protein on the outer membrane of intact E. coli (strain UT-5600) and LPS-free E. coli (ClearColi™). As the first step, an autodisplay vector (pCK002) was transfected into intact E. coli and LPS-free E. coli for comparison of efficiency of autdisplay of La/SSB. The maximal level of La/SSB expression was estimated to be similar for LPS-free E. coli and intact E. coli at different optimal induction periods...
May 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276926/the-relationship-of-single-strand-breaks-in-dna-to-breast-cancer-risk-and-to-tissue-concentrations-of-oestrogens
#5
Mathavi Sahadevan, Oukseub Lee, Miguel Muzzio, Belinda Phan, Lisa Jacobs, Nagi Khouri, Jun Wang, Hong Hu, Vered Stearns, Robert T Chatterton
CONTEXT: Clinical study of breast cancer patients in Chicago, IL, USA. OBJECTIVE: Ascertain the utility of measurements of single-strand breaks (SSB) in DNA for assessment of breast cancer risk. METHODS: Fine-needle aspirates of the breast, SSB by nick translation, percent breast density (PBD), Gail model risk, cumulative methylation index (CMI), enzymes of DNA repair and tissue antioxidants. RESULTS: DNA repair enzymes and 4-hydroxyestradiol were negatively associated with SSB; CMI and PBD were positively associated...
February 28, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275510/aromatase-inhibitors-induced-autoimmune-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-review
#6
REVIEW
George Zarkavelis, Aristomenes Kollas, Eleftherios Kampletsas, Vasilis Vasiliou, Evripides Kaltsonoudis, Alexandros Drosos, Hussein Khaled, Nicholas Pavlidis
Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (SCLE) is characterized by particular cutaneous manifestations such as non-scaring plaques mainly in sunlight exposed parts of the body along with specific serum autoantibodies (i.e. antinuclear antibodies (ANA), Ro/SSa, La/SSb). It is considered either idiopathic or drug induced. The role of chemotherapeutic agents in causing SCLE has been investigated with the taxanes being the most common anticancer agents. However, recent data emerging point toward antiestrogen therapies as a causative factor not only for SCLE but also for a variety of autoimmune disorders...
September 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275129/declining-consumption-of-added-sugars-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-australia-a-challenge-for-obesity-prevention
#7
Jennie C Brand-Miller, Alan W Barclay
Background: Reduced intakes of added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been the main focus of efforts to stall obesity. Although obesity has risen steeply in Australia, some evidence suggests that added-sugars and SSB intakes have declined over the same time frame.Objective: We investigated recent trends in the availability of sugars and sweeteners and changes in intakes of total sugars, added sugars, and SSBs in Australia by using multiple, independent data sources.Design: The study was designed to compare relevant data published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO Statistics Division Database (FAOSTAT)], the Australian government, academia, and the food industry...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274786/exploring-the-role-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-in-obesity-among-new-yorkers-using-propensity-score-matching
#8
Marissa Burgermaster, Hiershenee Bhana, M Dot Fullwood, Diego A Luna Bazaldua, Elizabeth Tipton
BACKGROUND: Results from clinical trials have shown that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) lead to increased body mass index (BMI) and obesity. This relationship has yet to be explored in observational data for nonclinical populations of adults. OBJECTIVE: To compare adults who drank 4+ SSBs daily to those who drank 0 in the population of adults in New York City, and to better understand adult risk factors associated with higher daily SSB consumption and BMI. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data using propensity score matching...
March 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272192/optic-neuropathy-associated-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-case-series
#9
Eunoo Bak, Hee Kyung Yang, Jeong-Min Hwang
PURPOSE: To determine the diverse clinical features of optic neuropathy associated with primary Sjögren's syndrome in Korean patients. METHODS: Five women with acute and/or chronic optic neuropathy who were diagnosed as primary Sjögren's syndrome were retrospectively evaluated. Primary Sjögren's syndrome was diagnosed by signs and symptoms of keratoconjunctivitis sicca, positive serum anti-Ro/SSA and/or anti-La/SSB antibodies, and/or minor salivary gland biopsy...
March 7, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270450/ssb1-and-ssb2-cooperate-to-regulate-mouse-hematopoietic-stem-and-progenitor-cells-by-resolving-replicative-stress
#10
Wei Shi, Therese Vu, Didier Boucher, Anna Biernacka, Jules Nde, Raj K Pandita, Jasmin Straube, Glen M Boyle, Fares Al-Ejeh, Purba Nag, Jessie Jeffery, Janelle L Harris, Amanda L Bain, Marta Grzelak, Magdalena Skrzypczak, Abhishek Mitra, Norbert Dojer, Nicola Crosetto, Nicole Cloonan, Olivier J Becherel, John Finnie, Jeffrey R Skaar, Carl R Walkley, Tej K Pandita, Maga Rowicka, Krzysztof Ginalski, Steven W Lane, Kum Kum Khanna
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are vulnerable to endogenous damage and defects in DNA repair can limit their function. The two single-stranded DNA binding proteins SSB1 and SSB2 are crucial regulators of the DNA damage response; however their overlapping roles during normal physiology are incompletely understood. We generated mice where both Ssb1 and Ssb2 were constitutively or conditionally deleted. Constitutive Ssb1/Ssb2 double knockout (DKO) caused early embryonic lethality, while conditional Ssb1/Ssb2 double knockout (cDKO) in adult mice resulted in acute lethality due to bone marrow failure and intestinal atrophy featuring stem and progenitor cell depletion, a phenotype unexpected from the previously reported single knockout models of Ssb1 or Ssb2 Mechanistically, cDKO HSPCs showed altered replication fork dynamics, massive accumulation of DNA damage, genome-wide double strand breaks (DSBs) enriched at Ssb binding regions and CpG islands, together with the accumulation of R-loops and cytosolic ssDNA...
March 7, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264429/metabolic-effects-of-replacing-sugar-sweetened-beverages-with-artificially-sweetened-beverages-in-overweight-subjects-with-or-without-hepatic-steatosis-a-randomized-control-clinical-trial
#11
Vanessa Campos, Camille Despland, Vaclav Brandejsky, Roland Kreis, Philippe Schneiter, Chris Boesch, Luc Tappy
OBJECTIVE: Addition of fructose to the diet of normal weight and overweight subjects can increase postprandial plasma triglyceride and uric acid concentration. We, therefore, assessed whether replacing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) with artificially-sweetened beverages (ASB) in the diet of overweight and obese subjects would decrease these parameters. METHODS: Twenty-six participants of the REDUCS study, which assessed the effects of replacing SSB by ASB over 12 weeks on intra-hepatocellular lipid concentration, were included in this sub-analysis...
February 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262421/improvement-of-selective-lignin-degradation-in-fungal-pretreatment-of-sweet-sorghum-bagasse-using-synergistic-cuso4-syringic-acid-supplements
#12
Vartika Mishra, Asim K Jana, Mithu Maiti Jana, Antriksh Gupta
Sweet sorghum bagasse (SSB) generated in large quantities could be hydrolyzed to sugar and then fermented to green fuels. The hydrolysis of SSB polysaccharides interlocked in recalcitrant lignin network is the major problem. Pretreatment of SSB in SSF by using Coriolus versicolor with CuSO4-syringic acid supplements for effects on production of ligninocellulolytic enzymes, lignin degradation and selectivity values (SV) were studied. C. versicolor was selected based on high ligninolytic and low cellulolytic abilily...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261237/progress-in-genome-editing-technology-and-its-application-in-plants
#13
REVIEW
Kai Zhang, Nadia Raboanatahiry, Bin Zhu, Maoteng Li
Genome editing technology (GET) is a versatile approach that has progressed rapidly as a mechanism to alter the genotype and phenotype of organisms. However, conventional genome modification using GET cannot satisfy current demand for high-efficiency and site-directed mutagenesis, retrofitting of artificial nucleases has developed into a new avenue within this field. Based on mechanisms to recognize target genes, newly-developed GETs can generally be subdivided into three cleavage systems, protein-dependent DNA cleavage systems (i...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260144/susceptibility-to-food-advertisements-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-non-hispanic-black-and-non-hispanic-white-adolescents
#14
Meredith M Cervi, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Laura A Dwyer, Chan L Thai, Richard P Moser, Linda C Nebeling
Obesity among adolescents in the United States has risen by 16% in the past 30 years. One important contributing factor may be the increased consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), which is encouraged by advertisements for unhealthy foods and drinks that are targeted to adolescents. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the association between susceptibility to food and drink advertisements and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in non-Hispanic black (NHB) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) adolescents and to examine if BMI is associated with SSB consumption...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259744/beverage-consumption-patterns-at-age-13-to-17-years-are-associated-with-weight-height-and-body-mass-index-at-age-17-years
#15
Teresa A Marshall, John M Van Buren, John J Warren, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Steven M Levy
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have been associated with obesity in children and adults; however, associations between beverage patterns and obesity are not understood. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe beverage patterns during adolescence and associations between adolescent beverage patterns and anthropometric measures at age 17 years. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analyses of longitudinally collected data. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Data from participants in the longitudinal Iowa Fluoride Study having at least one beverage questionnaire completed between ages 13...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257409/a-case-study-of-the-philadelphia-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-policymaking-process-implications-for-policy-development-and-advocacy
#16
Jonathan Purtle, Brent Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban
CONTEXT: Policymakers are increasingly proposing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxes as an evidence-based strategy to reduce chronic disease risk; and local health departments (LHDs) are well-positioned to play a role in SSB policy development and advocacy. However, most SSB tax proposals fail to become law and limited empiric guidance exists to inform advocacy efforts. In June 2016, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, passed an SSB tax. OBJECTIVE: To identify features of the Philadelphia SSB tax policymaking process that contributed to the proposal's passage...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251935/dietary-quality-changes-in-response-to-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-reduction-intervention-results-from-the-talking-health-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Valisa E Hedrick, Brenda M Davy, Wen You, Kathleen J Porter, Paul A Estabrooks, Jamie M Zoellner
Background: The reduction of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake may be beneficial for weight management and other related health conditions; however, to our knowledge, no data exist regarding the spontaneous changes in other dietary components or the overall dietary quality after an SSB-reduction intervention.Objectives: We explored longitudinal changes within and between an SSB-reduction intervention (SIPsmartER) and a physical activity intervention (MoveMore) with respect to spontaneous changes in 1) energy intake and macronutrients and micronutrients, 2) dietary quality [Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI)], and 3) beverage categories...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247310/fungal-pretreatment-of-sweet-sorghum-bagasse-with-combined-cuso4-gallic-acid-supplement-for-improvement-in-lignin-degradation-selectivity-and-enzymatic-saccharification
#18
Vartika Mishra, Asim K Jana
Sweet sorghum (Sorghum sp.) has high biomass yield. Hydrolysis of lignocellulosic sweet sorghum bagasse (SSB) to fermentable sugar could be useful for manufacture of biofuel or other fermentation products. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass to degrade lignin before enzymatic hydrolysis is a key step. Fungal pretreatment of SSB with combined CuSO4-gallic acid supplements in solid-state fermentation (SSF) to achieve higher lignin degradation, selectivity value (SV), and enzymatic hydrolysis to sugar was studied...
February 28, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245580/consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mississippi-is-there-a-disparity-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2012
#19
Mina Qobadi, Marinelle Payton
Although consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is a key contributor to epidemic obesity and has dramatically increased over the past decade in the United States, little is known about its prevalence and associated factors. Data from the 2012 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were used to estimate the prevalence of SSB consumption and to explore the associations between socio-demographic characteristics, behavioral factors and SSB intake in Mississippi (n = 7220). Descriptive statistics, Chi-square tests and logistic regressions were conducted using SAS Proc Survey procedures, to account for the BRFSS's multistage complex survey design and sample weights...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223366/la-deletion-from-mouse-brain-alters-pre-trna-metabolism-and-accumulation-of-pre-5-8s-rrna-with-neuron-death-and-reactive-astrocytosis
#20
Nathan H Blewett, James R Iben, Sergei Gaidamakov, Richard J Maraia
Human La antigen (Sjögren's syndrome antigen B, SSB) is an abundant multifunctional RNA-binding protein. In the nucleoplasm, La binds to and protects from 3' exonucleases, the ends of precursor-tRNAs and other transcripts synthesized by RNA polymerase III, and facilitates their maturation, while a nucleolar isoform has been implicated in rRNA biogenesis by multiple independent lines of evidence. We showed earlier that conditional La knockout (La cKO) from mouse cortex neurons results in defective tRNA processing although pathway(s) involved in neuronal loss thereafter was unknown...
February 21, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
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