Read by QxMD icon Read


Danila de Souza Carraro, Rafael Medeiros Carraro, Silvia Vidal Campos, Leandro Ryuchi Iuamoto, Karina Andrighetti de Oliveira Braga, Lea Campos de Oliveira, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Flavia Rossi, Paulo Manuel Pêgo-Fernandes
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of Burkholderia cepacia complex colonization in cystic fibrosis patients undergoing lung transplantation. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed clinical data and respiratory tract samples (sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage) collected from suppurative lung disease patients between January 2008 and November 2013. We also subtyped different Burkholderia cepacia complex genotypes via DNA sequencing using primers against the recA gene in samples collected between January 2012 and November 2013...
March 12, 2018: Clinics
Xiubao Chang, Yuexian Hou
Genome editing is a powerful tool to modify a specific gene and to correct a disease-causing mutation. Recently developed new techniques, such as zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN) and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9 (CRISPR/Cas9), significantly facilitate the progression in this field. However, mutations associated with the double strand DNA breaks (DSBs) introduced by these systems hampered their direct usage in clinic. In order to prevent the mutations caused by DSBs, we have designed a novel mean to induce homology-directed recombination (HDR) without DSBs, i...
2018: International Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Amandeep Singh, M Vijayan, Umesh Varshney
In addition to the canonical Single Stranded DNA Binding (SSBa) protein, many bacterial species, including mycobacteria, have a paralogous SSBb. The SSBb proteins have not been well characterized. While in B. subtilis, SSBb has been shown to be involved in genetic recombination; in S. coelicolor it mediates chromosomal segregation during sporulation. Sequence analysis of SSBs from mycobacterial species suggests low conservation of SSBb proteins, as compared to the conservation of SSBa proteins. Like most bacterial SSB proteins, M...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Anurag Kumar Sinha, Christophe Possoz, Adeline Durand, Jean-Michel Desfontaines, François-Xavier Barre, David R F Leach, Bénédicte Michel
It was recently reported that the recBC mutants of Escherichia coli, deficient for DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, have a decreased copy number of their terminus region. We previously showed that this deficit resulted from DNA loss after post-replicative breakage of one of the two sister-chromosome termini at cell division. A viable cell and a dead cell devoid of terminus region were thus produced and, intriguingly, the reaction was transmitted to the following generations. Using genome marker frequency profiling and observation by microscopy of specific DNA loci within the terminus, we reveal here the origin of this phenomenon...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Genetics
F M Nazmul Hassan, Radhey S Gupta
Deinococcus species display a high degree of resistance to radiation and desiccation due to their ability to protect critical proteome from oxidatively generated damage; however, the underlying mechanisms are not understood. Comparative analysis of DNA repair proteins reported here has identified 22 conserved signature indels (CSIs) in the proteins UvrA1, UvrC, UvrD, UvsE, MutY, MutM, Nth, RecA, RecD, RecG, RecQ, RecR, RuvC, RadA, PolA, DnaE, LigA, GyrA and GyrB, that are uniquely shared by all/most Deinococcus homologs...
March 8, 2018: Genes
Marzena Matejczyk, Renata Swislocka, Monika Kalinowska, Grzegorz Swidersk, Wlodzimierz Lewandowsk, Agata Jablonska-Trypuo
Caffeic acid and its derivatives because of its biological activities, including antioxidants, antithrombosis, antihypertensive, antifibrosis, antiviral, and anti-tumor properties are good candidates as adjuvants in anticancer therapy. The aim of this study was the examination of cyto- and genotoxic effect of caffeic acid on Escherichia coli K-12 recA::gfp strain treated with dacarbazine. Obtained results indicate that dacarbazine and caffeic acid influenced the reactivity of recA promoter and modulate the level of gfp expression in genetic construct rrcA::gfpmut2 in E...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Marzena Matejczyk, Renata Swislocka, Monika Kalinowska, Grzegorz Widerskp, Wlodzimierz Lewandowsk, Agata Jablonska-Trypuo, Stanislaw Jozef Rosochacki
Cinnamic acid and its derivatives are important and promising compounds in cancer therapy, because of its broad spectrum of anicancer and antioxidative ability, and with high potential for development into new generation drugs. The aim of this study was to compare the cyto- and genotoxic effects of cinnamic acid and its derivatives with the use of4Escherichia coli K-12 recA::gfp microbial biosensor strain with plasmid fusion of recA promoter and gfp gene as reporter. Obtained results indicate that recA::gfpmut2 genetic system was a sensitive biosensor to the most chemicals tested in our experiments...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Tobias Brandmann, Hana Fakim, Zoya Padamsi, Ji-Young Youn, Anne-Claude Gingras, Marc R Fabian, Martin Jinek
The LSM domain-containing protein LSM14/Rap55 plays a role in mRNA decapping, translational repression, and RNA granule (P-body) assembly. How LSM14 interacts with the mRNA silencing machinery, including the eIF4E-binding protein 4E-T and the DEAD-box helicase DDX6, is poorly understood. Here we report the crystal structure of the LSM domain of LSM14 bound to a highly conserved C-terminal fragment of 4E-T. The 4E-T C-terminus forms a bi-partite motif that wraps around the N-terminal LSM domain of LSM14. We also determined the crystal structure of LSM14 bound to the C-terminal RecA-like domain of DDX6...
March 6, 2018: EMBO Journal
Eva Lopezosa-Reca, Gabriel Gijon-Nogueron, Irene Garcia-Paya, Ana Belen Ortega-Avila
This aim of this study is to observe the differences in foot posture and the angle of the knee according to different physical activities. Seventy-eight football players and 72 swimmers were recruited, and in each case a foot posture analysis, based on the foot posture index (FPI), was conducted and the Q angle of the knee was determined. The following mean values were obtained for the lower extremities: in the swimmers, FPI 6.45 ± 2.04 and Q angle 15.38º ± 3.79º. In the footballers, FPI 2.23 ± 1.72 and Q angle 13...
March 4, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Han Ming Gan, Michael A Savka
This chapter presents a historical overview of the development and changes in scientific approaches to classifying members of the Agrobacterium genus. We also describe the changes in the inference of evolutionary relationships among Agrobacterium biovars and Agrobacterium strains from using the 16S rRNA marker to recA genes and to the use of multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). Further, the impacts of the genomic era enabling low cost and rapid whole genome sequencing on Agrobacterium phylogeny are reviewed with a focus on the use of new and sophisticated bioinformatics approaches to refine phylogenetic inferences...
March 3, 2018: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Antonio Teri, Samantha Sottotetti, Arianna Biffi, Daniela Girelli, Monica D'Accico, Milena Arghittu, Carla Colombo, Fabiola Corti, Giovanna Pizzamiglio, Lisa Cariani
Bacteria from the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are capable of causing severe infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Bcc infection is often extremely difficult to treat due to its intrinsic resistance to multiple antibiotics. In addition, it seems to speed up the decline of lung function and is considered a contraindication for lung transplantation in CF. This study investigates the species of the Bcc strains recovered from chronically infected CF subjects by means of: isolation, identification methods and complete recA nucleotide sequences of 151 samples...
March 2, 2018: New Microbiologica
Wen-Ming Chen, Pei-Bei Xie, Ming-Yuan Hsu, Shih-Yi Sheu
A bacterial strain designated KMB9T was isolated from a freshwater pond in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Cells of strain KMB9T were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, motile by means of a monopolar flagellum, non-spore-forming and rods surrounded by a thick capsule and forming white-coloured colonies. Growth occurred at 20-40 °C (optimum, 25-37 °C), at pH 6.5-7.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0-0.5 % NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene and four housekeeping gene sequences (recA, rpoA, rpoB and atpD) showed that strain KMB9T forms a distinct phyletic line within the family Alcaligenaceae, and the levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to its closest relatives with validly published names were less than 93...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Vera Safronova, Andrey Belimov, Anna Sazanova, Elizaveta Chirak, Alla Verkhozina, Irina Kuznetsova, Evgeny Andronov, Jan Puhalsky, Igor Tikhonovich
Ten rhizobial strains were isolated from root nodules of a relict legume Oxytropis popoviana Peschkova. For identification of the isolates sequencing of rrs, ITS (internal transcribed spacer) region and housekeeping genes recA, glnII and rpoB was used. Nine fast-growing isolates were Mesorhizobium-related: eight strains were identified as M. japonicum and one isolate belonged to M. kowhaii. The only slow-growing isolate was identified as Bradyrhizobium sp. Two strains, M. japonicum Opo-242 and Bradyrhizobium sp...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Paulius Toliusis, Giedre Tamulaitiene, Rokas Grigaitis, Donata Tuminauskaite, Arunas Silanskas, Elena Manakova, Ceslovas Venclovas, Mark D Szczelkun, Virginijus Siksnys, Mindaugas Zaremba
CglI is a restriction endonuclease from Corynebacterium glutamicum that forms a complex between: two R-subunits that have site specific-recognition and nuclease domains; and two H-subunits, with Superfamily 2 helicase-like DEAD domains, and uncharacterized Z1 and C-terminal domains. ATP hydrolysis by the H-subunits catalyses dsDNA translocation that is necessary for long-range movement along DNA that activates nuclease activity. Here, we provide biochemical and molecular modelling evidence that shows that Z1 has a fold distantly-related to RecA, and that the DEAD-Z1 domains together form an ATP binding interface and are the prototype of a previously undescribed monomeric helicase-like motor...
February 20, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Lejla Imamovic, Maite Muniesa
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032393.].
2018: PloS One
Ameni Ayed, Nedra Slama, Houda Mankai, Sarra Bachkouel, Salem ElKahoui, Olfa Tabbene, Ferid Limam
A novel actinomycete strain designated S2T was isolated from Tunisian rhizosphere soil of Lavandula officinalis. This isolate exhibited broad spectrum antibacterial activity against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and also antifungal activity against yeast and filamentous fungi. The isolate S2T presents morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics typical of the members of the genus Streptomyces. Whole cell hydrolysates of S2T were found to contain LL-diaminopimelic acid. The major fatty acids were identified as C16:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0 whereas the predominant menaquinones were found to be MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8)...
February 20, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Rajvee Shah Punatar, Stephen C West
Holliday junctions provide a covalent link between recombining DNA molecules and need to be removed prior to chromosome segregation at mitosis. Defects in their resolution lead to mitotic catastrophe, characterized by the formation of DNA breaks and chromosome aberrations. Enzymes that resolve recombination intermediates have been identified in all forms of life, from bacteriophage, to bacteria, yeast, and humans. In higher eukaryotes, Holliday junctions are resolved by GEN1, a nuclease that is mechanistically similar to the prototypic resolvase Escherichia coli RuvC, and by the SMX trinuclease complex...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
Catharina von Nicolai, Åsa Ehlén, Juan S Martinez, Aura Carreira
Homologous recombination (HR) is an essential pathway to restart stalled replication forks, repair spontaneous DNA double-strand breaks, and generate genetic diversity. Together with genetic studies in model organisms, the development of purification protocols and biochemical assays has allowed investigators to begin to understand how the complex machinery of HR functions. At the core of the HR process is the recombination enzyme RecA in bacteria or RAD51 and DMC1 in eukaryotes. The main steps of HR can be reconstituted in vitro and involve: (1) The formation of a ssDNA-RAD51 complex into a helical structure termed the nucleoprotein filament after one DNA strand has been resected at the site of the break...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
Yuen-Ling Chan, Douglas K Bishop
Budding yeast Dmc1 is a member of the RecA family of strand exchange proteins essential for homologous recombination (HR) during meiosis. Dmc1 mediates the steps of homology search and DNA strand exchange reactions that are central to HR. To achieve optimum activity, Dmc1 requires a number of accessory factors. Although methods for purification of Dmc1 and many of its associated factors have been described (Binz, Dickson, Haring, & Wold, 2006; Busygina et al., 2013; Chan, Brown, Qin, Handa, & Bishop, 2014; Chi et al...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
Olga M Mazina, Alexander V Mazin
Proteins of the Rad51 family play a key role in homologous recombination by carrying out DNA strand exchange. Here, we present the methodology and the protocols for the 4-strand exchange between gapped circular DNA and homologous linear duplex DNA promoted by human Rad51 and Escherichia coli RecA orthologs. This reaction includes formation of joint molecules and their extension by branch migration in a polar manner. The presented methodology may be used for reconstitution of the medial-to-late stages of homologous recombination in vitro as well as for investigation of the mechanisms of branch migration by helicase-like proteins, e...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"