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Spinal metastases surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918384/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-of-preoperative-embolization-in-surgery-for-metastatic-spine-disease
#1
Panya Luksanapruksa, Jacob M Buchowski, Sasima Tongsai, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Jack W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Preoperative embolization (PE) may decrease intraoperative blood loss (IBL) in decompressive surgery of hypervascular spinal metastases. However, no consensus has been found in other metastases and no meta-analysis which reviewed the benefit of PE in spinal metastases has been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To assess IBL in spinal metastases surgery in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and cohort studies comparing PE and a control group of non-embolized patients...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917256/postoperative-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-for-spinal-metastases
#2
Majed Alghamdi, Chia-Lin Tseng, Sten Myrehaug, Pejman Maralani, Chris Heyn, Hany Soliman, Young Lee, Mark Ruschin, Leodante Da Costa, Victor Yang, Mikki Campbell, Arjun Sahgal
Spine is a common site of metastases in cancer patients. Spine surgery is indicated for select patients, typically those with mechanical instability and/or malignant epidural spinal cord (or cauda equina) compression. Although post-operative conventional palliative external beam radiation therapy has been the standard of care, technical improvements in radiation planning and image-guided radiotherapy have allowed for the application of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to the spine. Spine SBRT is intended to ablate residual tumor and optimize local control by delivering several fold greater biologically effective doses...
September 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904580/extradural-spinal-metastasis-in-ovarian-mixed-germ-cell-tumor
#3
Deepashu Sachdeva, Vikas Kumar, Ravindra Kumar Saran, Arvind Kumar Srivastava
Ovarian germ cell tumors (GCTs) are rare and affect mainly young girls and women. Two histological groups are distinguished: dysgerminomas and nondysgerminomatous tumors. These tumors have initial good responses to surgery and chemotherapy in 80% cases, but >75% of patients die due to complications of disease progression. There are very few case reports of mixed GCT with extradural spine metastases. We report a rare case of a 17-year-old girl who had undergone left salpingo-oophorectomy with omental and peritoneal biopsy for ovarian GCT with extradural spinal metastasis...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894788/accuracy-of-preoperative-scoring-systems-for-the-prognostication-and-treatment-of-patients-with-spinal-metastases
#4
Catherine S Hibberd, Gerald M Y Quan
BACKGROUND: In patients with spinal metastatic disease, survival prognosis is a key consideration in selection for surgery and determining the extent of treatment. Individual survival prediction however remains difficult. We sought to validate the prognostic accuracy of seven preoperative scoring systems. METHODS: 61 patients surgically treated for spinal metastases were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative scores were calculated for Tokuhashi, Revised Tokuhashi, Bauer, Modified Bauer, Sioutos, Tomita, and van der Linden scoring systems...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881528/-clinical-research-of-minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-with-vesselplasty
#5
H Tang, P Jia, H Chen, L Bao, F Feng, J J Li
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Vesselplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral fractures and vertebral metastases. Methods: From June 2010 to December 2016, data of 81 patients with spinal diseases treated with Vesselplasty in Department of Spinal Surgery, Beijing Friendship hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. There are 49 cases of vertebral fractures with age (70.2±8.2) years. Among them, 16 cases have posterior vertebral wall breakage, but no symptoms of nerve injury...
September 5, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868202/a-thoracic-vertebral-localization-of-a-metastasized-cutaneous-merkel-cell-carcinoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Rosario Maugeri, Antonella Giugno, Roberto G Giammalva, Carlo Gulì, Luigi Basile, Francesca Graziano, Domenico G Iacopino
BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare neuroendocrine skin tumor, which may be related to sun exposure. It can metastasize to lungs, liver and bone, leading to severe morbidity and mortality. Vertebral metastases from MCC are rare. The authors report the tenth case in the literature, a 59-year-old patient with MCC, which was primarily localized in the scalp, and later provoked distant metastasis to the thoracic spinal column. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 59-year-old woman was admitted at our Unit of Neurosurgery with a 4-month history of progressive and severe dorsal back pain, without neurological signs...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867314/prognostic-factors-and-comparison-of-conservative-treatment-percutaneous-verteroplasty-and-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-metastases-from-lung-cancer
#7
Si-Zhen Yang, Yu Tang, Ying Zhang, Wu-Gui Chen, Jing Sun, Tong-Wei Chu
BACKGROUND: Spinal metastases from lung cancer could result in life-threatening consequences. Few studies report the prognostic factors and compare different treatments in patients with spinal metastases from lung cancer. METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, we retrospectively reviewed and studied 140 patients with spinal metastases from lung cancer according to different treatments. To estimate overall survival and identify prognostic factors for survival, the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis were adopted...
August 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856087/complications-of-bone-metastases-from-malignant-melanoma
#8
Jamal Zekri, Maria Marples, Dominic Taylor, Kiran Kandukurti, Lucy McParland, Janet E Brown
INTRODUCTION: Metastatic bone disease (MBD) carries significant morbidity for patients with cancer. MBD from malignant melanoma (MM) is understudied. We examined the characteristics, morbidity, management and outcome of MBD in patients with MM. METHODS: Patients with metastatic MM managed at two referral cancer centres in England were identified. Those with bone metastases (BMs) were selected. Patient and disease characteristics including skeletal related events (SREs) were extracted from medical records...
September 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830484/oncological-and-functional-results-of-the-surgical-treatment-of-vertebral-metastases-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#9
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: In nearly 30% of patients with myeloma, pathological fractures are found to occur in the spine. If the patients are not treated promptly and satisfactorily, the quality of their lives diminishes. Currently, the standard treatment for metastatic lesions of the spine is radiotherapy, but surgical intervention is becoming more frequent. It is very important to quickly identify metastases and implement surgical treatment before any fracture/s occur. METHODS: Over the period of 2010-2014 in our department, a total of 129 patients were treated for metastatic spinal myeloma...
August 23, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811991/systematic-review-of-the-outcomes-of-surgical-treatment-of-prostate-metastases-to-the-spine
#10
REVIEW
Michelle J Clarke, Camilo A Molina, Daryl R Fourney, Charles G Fisher, Ziya L Gokaslan, Meic H Schmidt, Laurence D Rhines, Michael G Fehlings, Ilya Laufer, Shreyaskumar R Patel, Y Raja Rampersaud, Jeremy Reynolds, Dean Chou, Chetan Bettegowda, Ehud Mendel, Michael H Weber, Daniel M Sciubba
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVE: Surgical decompression and reconstruction of symptomatic spinal metastases has improved the quality of life in cancer patients. However, most data has been collected on cohorts of patients with mixed tumor histopathology. We systematically reviewed the literature for prognostic factors specific to the surgical treatment of prostate metastases to the spine. METHODS: A systemic review of the literature was conducted to answer the following questions: Question 1...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761513/outcomes-following-surgical-management-of-cervical-chordoma-a-review-of-published-case-reports-and-case-series
#11
My Pham, Mohammed Awad
AIM: This review aimed to summarize the clinical outcomes in relation to tumor resection margins of cervical chordomas. METHODS: Studies that described any surgical intervention for cervical chordoma were identified. Cervical chordomas with cranial or spinal extension, purely retropharyngeal chordomas or where resection type was not reported, were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Seventy-six articles were obtained and these reported a total of 195 patients...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760030/cervical-vertebroplasty-for-osteolytic-metastases-as-a-minimally-invasive-therapeutic-option-in-oncological-surgery-outcome-in-14-cases
#12
Martin Stangenberg, Lennart Viezens, Sven O Eicker, Malte Mohme, Klaus C Mende, Marc Dreimann
OBJECTIVE The treatment of cervical spinal metastases represents a controversial issue regarding the type, extent, and invasiveness of interventions. In the lumbar and thoracic spine, kypho- and vertebroplasties have been established as minimally invasive procedures for patients with metastases to the vertebral bodies and without neurological deficit. These procedures show good results with respect to pain reduction and low complication rates. However, limited data are available for kypho- and vertebroplasties for cervical spinal metastases...
August 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749856/evaluation-of-prognostic-factors-and-proposed-changes-to-the-modified-tokuhashi-score-in-patients-with-spinal-metastases-from-breast-cancer
#13
Kimberly-Anne Tan, Jiong Hao Tan, Aye Sandar Zaw, Joel Yong Hao Tan, Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Naresh Kumar
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of all patients with histologically-confirmed breast cancer spinal metastases presenting to a single instituition between May 2001-April 2012. OBJECTIVES: To investigate if the 2014mT is more accurate than the 2005mT. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The commonly used 2005 modified Tokuhashi score (2005mT) has become more inaccurate as oncologists move towards treating tumours according to their molecular and genomic profile, rather than their tissue-of-origin...
July 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740742/radical-surgery-of-only-the-anterior-elements-of-the-spine-at-the-posterior-element-fusion-level-due-to-metastatic-thyroid-cancer
#14
Ryuto Tsuchiya, Kazuki Fujimoto, Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Yasuhiro Shiga, Hiroto Kamoda, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Jun Sato, Koki Abe, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Masaki Norimoto, Tomotaka Umimura, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Junichi Nakamura, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
Spinal metastasis of differentiated thyroid cancer can have a favorable prognosis if radical surgery is performed. We encountered a case of spinal metastasis involving three anterior vertebral bodies at the posterior element fusion level and successfully achieved adequate stability by radical surgery involving only the anterior elements. A 67-year-old woman who had numbness and muscle weakness in the lower limbs caused by metastatic spinal tumor at the posterior element fusion level of L1-L3 vertebrae was treated with radical surgery of only the anterior element to gain stability...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727717/percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-primary-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-thoracic-spine-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Pu Jia, JinJun Li, Hao Chen, Li Bao, Fei Feng, Hai Tang
Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the vertebra is rare in the spine of the elderly. The clinical presentation and radiological features are unspecific, which make it more difficult for diagnosis. We report a case of a 79-year-old woman complaining of serious backache without any injury. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed invasion of the fifth thoracic vertebra with the posterior vertebral body wall defect. There was a high suspicion that the patient had a metastatic tumor of the vertebra. A percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed under fluoroscopic guidance, which was used to treat the osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, vertebral metastases, verte-bral hemangioma, and multiple myeloma...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707832/-surgical-management-of-the-spinal-metastases
#16
Dennis E Dominguez, Nicolas Lauper, Alejandro Velastegui, Jermy Reynolds
Seventy per cent of patients with cancer have evidence of metastases and spinal involvement may occur in up to 50 %. Pain is the most frequent symptom and it occurs in 90 % of the patients. It exist three different type of spinal pain : inflammatory, radicular and mechanical pain. Pain could be related to a neurological compromise and treatment becomes urgent. Steroids are introduced even if surgery is indicated. The Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score is a useful tool in order to determine instability in spinal metastases...
December 14, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694595/minimally-invasive-separation-surgery-plus-adjuvsant-stereotactic-radiotherapy-in-the-management-of-spinal-epidural-metastases
#17
Mazda K Turel, Mena G Kerolus, John E O'Toole
AIM: This study aimed to describe the application of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in separation surgery combined with postoperative stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in patients with symptomatic metastatic epidural spinal disease. METHODS: Three techniques are described: (1) MIS posterior separation surgery alone, (2) MIS posterolateral separation surgery with percutaneous pedicle screw placement, and (3) MIS lateral corpectomy with percutaneous pedicle screw placement...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674582/intramedullary-spinal-cord-metastasis-from-laryngeal-carcinoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Mohamed Sahli, Bouchaib Hemmaoui, Fouad Benariba
Laryngeal cancer metastases are relatively rare and mainly affect the lung. The medullary localization remains exceptional. We report the case of a patient followed for operated laryngeal cancer and whose oncologic control revealed a medullary localization. A patient followed for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, treated in 2010 by a partial surgery whose endoscopic control at 5 years revealed the presence of right arytenoid edema without suspicious lesions, multiple biopsies were made and which returned negative...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673383/preoperative-embolization-in-surgical-treatment-of-metastatic-spinal-cord-compression
#19
Caroline Clausen
An increasing number of patients develop symptomatic spinal metastasis and increasing evidence supports the benefit of surgical decompression and spinal stabilization combined with radiation therapy. However, surgery for metastatic spinal disease is known to be associated with a risk of substantial intraoperative blood loss and perioperative allogenic blood transfusion. Anemia is known to increase morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing surgery, but studies also indicate that transfusion with allogenic red blood cells (RBC) may lead to worse outcomes...
July 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665472/hypofractionated-radiotherapy-for-complicated-bone-metastases-in-patients-with-poor-performance-status-a-phase-ii-international-trial
#20
Mauricio F Silva, Gustavo N Marta, Felipe P C Lisboa, Guilherme Watte, Fabio Trippa, Ernesto Maranzano, Neiro W da Motta, Marko Popovic, Tuan Ha, Bryan Burmeister, Edward Chow
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of hypofractionated radiotherapy (16 Gy in 2 fractions, 1 week apart) in patients with complicated bone metastases and poor performance status. METHODS: A prospective single-arm phase II clinical trial was conducted from July 2014 to May 2016. The primary endpoint was pain response as defined in the International Consensus on Palliative Radiotherapy Endpoints. Secondary endpoints included quality of life as measured by quality of life questionnaire (QLQ) PAL-15 and QLQ-BM22 European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer guidelines, pain flare, adverse events, re-irradiation, and skeletal complications...
June 20, 2017: Tumori
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